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Collars per annum.
Ton the K4.TIOWAL i > .:tv.lx.iov,K':i:\<. Society for hromoilHg science and ftubllc i' anana. CWSatwrday evrntng last, purshant I,- ;, <, i ;'. scarcely ted in time, -v< ral Pi ii nds i 1 ence, consisting of membersof Con*. ~jr, . and -i.i. avenue in Oiis : Ity. v* iu-ic: .-., ~, .i. i rt»e card fftrcttrated for the purpose cf hftld ations felaH ■<■ - sto a o'.-loi V every Saturday e \-emng during tlie session of Con -In future . ted to nd an i committee of ICIItH, Millions, and 1" • .', lecture's oniric topics v ■i. flte public will probably be gr iic'i with '.one further knowledge d ■iv <rf this i society, it inn them, that "there are at present two propositions 1 inlifihmeitt \ rnstitutirms i.i ience I riomy : these are, first, a j na-tijmtil acu&emy, wherein youth enj v all tneearb- ben< -its of scientific Jnstr ictt'm ; w Cojiidly, a department of v andputdte c, ed to the t, wherein even adults may r<-< five practi< al instruction, while ■,■■' < rnment ' enjerys the its aid and la bors'in plmining, mi . encaura- j lirg, and '<'/, < QtTng, w to the ivell being, and prospafity, < ; eiety, on priricipl 4 of economy, dir< by tue hand 6f H lence, and fegnlatetl by < Kperlei cc. In aid f boththpse obji ct'n, il fa con ■ ! tobe of vast importance to devise pleasant and recreative means of f-t.-'di' Irn-gu private sop.it ly, of br'irig- Hirj fo one focal t )oU,t n * ; ' ' l 1"' talents and inforn led years ofcoi firmed |Wlo »iophy, and of em; ' tion, from an annual cdlhcted hulk thus brought to tlie metropolis, into tbe most F this far extended conu ni'iit. M-.-r, ofphile:. 'i ar, -d ration will have discerned that the comforts, wealth, and prosperity of all reunifies have been rapidly increased c establishment of philanthropic & economical societies, which being mov ed by the innate principle of conscious ~.;.•,; ike upon them with becoming teal, the arduous task of analysing the publn -v nits an-1 resources by vast la nd appiic I who submit, vitb heal ' ecrfuhiess, to t!-.e ing duties < ." cimmunicat'mg to the pu! lie, knowledge, and committing to the hose inestimable results *1 eh flow from such investigadons i ODthepther haud,, it will scarcely b> ,i ii . in equal degree oi i „ ~, i hi is the M.g of gambling tables, convivial cjubs, seminaries ol diseipa riiiiuseuieiits, visionary i.eous politics, and i.n --p. • • rd . , Off i which commvmi- t «p ßj , U( | - , ir minds arid p : ,: ni i- ed from instittrtionfl ef the ur kind, we nplesset before us at the co tan listant na • ertainly bi eWn. ' oth * - avoid the roi k . a "which others' bai - perished. Inancient daj '< pi'Vity. in deed, (if such evci 0 pine as thi v have been represenl d) e-. - i Dramatic Tiuatrc, thai i mir- Msryofvice and prostitution, thai •raw lounging hole ol' tl i wlorved part of mankind, was famed for the chastity ol its mai and < ffects : but, tha k heaven, v pot live in a country ruption,so be enfeebkrdbv la-uric-., and if we only attend to the my we ;■ . to fear in the field ral rectitude or European • fare. j n .. tus t 1 the my,* we have tntlons in ii to stimulate v i to I etially as v<• iiiy ni'-rti'ii'd with ll v< i ■■ ijnmrm s ill the useful and economii branches ofsn ience, foriyhich i (jll'.'litlv The French ■ i ls — 1. ti.o si hool < I Wines. '-. 'I be ndiool of [loads and bridges. 3. The of Arts. 4. 'i he Muse um it Natural History. 5. The Mn ii oi \r' . 6. The National Libra ry. 7. 11.' 8. The MilttHry School-. '.'. The Pretaneum. it). The I France. The afchool oi io. 12. The Veterinary School, IJ. The Observatory. 14. The l',u. * Printed by S. 11. Smith, city of: Washing/* i - \ •^i^-^ r '"«■ AkJL_l„A^J^*^rh.±_ WASHINGTON CITY, PUINfED BY rWWUEI. HARRISON SM .'I.VANIA .'vV;',n reauril Longitude. 15. Tlie Polytech-I . Ail which are I • of science and public n fiublic protection, and of public use.— 'Tin- of Arts, and other pri vate institutions in Frai also said to deserve a distinguished place a- ! their pub ions. In Knglahdj universities, coftegesj a grrtultural societies, scientific and fcco -Khments art; numero'&S ; and we dully witness tin- good i which Hie British people hoy« drawn I them, if) gress of their lierce, and in the results of their mechanic powers : it may sej esta blishments, under public pi .such, fir ex-ample, tj for ■• .on of arts and omhutai ommence, theirroyal'socidty, roy al academy, ro fy, British irfe ami military a. mies, board cf longitude, missionary society, society for exploring ib.i'i/ie naiion (shrill it shame, imtl dis -of A • lias rt wa'i and j a prlviite individual fdr .' 1.1 ;1 ii • 'icw us the way, throi /, bo the hanks '■ of the Pacific ocean. In China (where we shall one day or ■ other find many examples highly inte resting to our we hope) there similar establishments under the Emperor's and the fa* | bricatl n of their merchandize, as well jas the piici s they afford it at, fur i inches an ample proof<f the utility of ; popular establishments in aiti of economy I and useful science: if particulars are ■ wanting, touchii % a country we know ! yet little of, comparatively, they may jhe found in the works of Le Comjite, and in tin embassy of Sn- George Stan and in several accounts ol That extensive empire, under its pre sent Alexander, is undergoing consi derable reform in its economical ostu ;, ;is well as the empire of nafty ; and, as there, are citizens of baited States who haw shared the oS being consulted on the organi zation of the economical system, in huh these powerful countries, let it not id that they want employ at home. The academy tell Cimento, under Leo pold, in Tuscany, seems to have git eh an advantageous tone to the aflaii . eh tljc royal society in Falkland, asenrly as the year 1667-8. Nay, that nation seems, on all occasions, to have profit ed by the improvements she has been wise enough to buiid on other people's foundations ; and in this respect the I economical institutions of all Italy, ol" ! Berlin, of Bern in Switae'rlandj of Hoi land, Fraiicv, Spain and Germany, (and indeed of the whole world) have ! contributed greatly to raise her to the j present pitch of her commercial opu- j lence and power.—-But it is_ useless to j enumerate further examples in favor of science and public economy, seeing there is fidt an instance on earth wh im,s attention to them hasnotenrich'ed both state and ihdiv-idjual. Now above all countries here ciiume- j rated, the United States of America j have the greatest interest in promoting '■ science and public economy ; because they hold a more extrusive basis for the; accumulation of private and pu wealth, they have a weaker population in comparison with tbei and duties, a junior standing among uati a more scattered condition oi habit , weaker in mechanical powers, an i portion of native genius to cv destroy, more latent wealth to bedrawri ; from untouched resources, and more co- j g.-nt occasions, for the accumulation of power and talents. But, 1 am aware that the Indolence | of living habitually, without the tr ot- reason, induces some i ibscijibetoa belief (rather j in an affected pursuasion, and eonveni ubmisi i-ii to change) that, ii the world goes on like an oyster bed, matters v/ jtl, it oi course bye and bye throw, individual occasion : Are gentlemen of this cast aware of the ef ,■( crastination —o£tb.e injuries • g to themselves and club ing the short period of their naturulex lstfchce ? Has it nevt r occurred to them, that I us '''- c undertakings (many of them bettering 'he clima well as pi ivate and public n venue) rrt a'certain prospect otfi , incorporation, (however short the fife of indivii i tent to drain the whole iia ? I v.di cease, however, to pufMia the ifications of ti i tirtg topic er at present, i ut myseif ition Of wl rstandtobe the limited sehse -I the acienct of I übtlc econ • 'with atmli - •' of the principal ob re 1 concieve an early application erstobeol imti import .nee to this yet pacific country. 1 understand then, first—that, nee ofpubl - comprehends ,i i;it , ol human know ledge, which furnishes'the rfieknsofin ing the riches of a state, and »f ap i ply'nvs "-d 6 " l to the mo.t useful purposes a n p 'WEDNESDAY, MAHCx-r 19, jHOfi. iat the least possible oxpence, by tlie most simple and powerful ■ in the inatiner'wh'ich shall be mosl ■ ing to, and least ObjbCtiondble in, the opinion of the coniiminity. Secondly, 1 Consider the <•» which come nio.t inimo.ia'.i ly laulvr the car-- of this science, in the U. be the following: 3st. The sea coast economy, cr Improvement of the cuasts a!id bar bors. 2ndiy. The economy Of fnlandria tion, or the maiiavt'p vers, creeks and Canals to the most esf j;ci<--nt ends and j>tir 1 ■ Sixlly. The economy of our roads nnd pnr transfer and locomotion, from one place to another) acourding u> our veral 1 e\*( --i-ities. 4tli!y.C % n- mechanica.l cc,moi • the means of abiubriiit; Ida r by I inventions, implements and apj)ii stldy. Our agricultural cebnomy, or the means Of prosiucing the inO&t übuii dant and twoat reciprocal crops, under ivcn (ircuimaaiae, without doing thirigH by guess, (ly. The economy of our f tlie best maviatjcuiei.t of our latent re sonrcrs tberi.-. 7thly. Our mlriefalogical economy, or I the means of draw in;.-, a-:ii\ eWtahhfrohi j the bowels of t ; r- earth. , '.'n these may be adoed, the economy j of (air public lands, and various relations of commerce. : 1 .shall endeavor fc tl of tlicie Under their respective heads, Cl '. ) TO LOOKSEI.I LCRS, AST) AM, S.OVEIIS OF LIThdIATURE. JVlh. ktciiard n;. pre priotor of the Monthly c, :ir. j a we!l known publifher 0: bAMtsiu London, hating ieamt that there in every part 6 United State*of .tmeric*, an increafing tdfle, for EUglifh Literstbre, without a correspond ing increafe of facilities for oktainhi* the fell London'pUblicifftfbs, hereby tenders hit. fef viees to private IndrViduali and Dra'-ers In Books, and uiderfihei to fhrp from London , with punflnality and good fdth, affortmtnts i of the neweft and nt«fta yahiKWs pbWicattoiis, colledlions of flan *atd Enghfh boaks. t.ny of ) the various periodical publications, hooka of j education and children's bcokt; in fhort, hie , undertake to execute any order or tenia if f<on Conneded wil ■ Liferttiire, en he m«A advantageous teenft. In every inftmce he cither eTtpe&l rCßiir. ta-sces in good bU's. cr order* for rrom}.-t j sayciieiit, for which an extra difcotint will be j pflowed, or he cx.u&s references to good I houfeS 1 London, whe>e p yf imt hiiill b: j ; guaranteed in teti months from the fliippii.g } jof the goods. No attention C«n be •; .id to a. y j ! application unlefi the payment is überuivd- I j cally feeured in either of thel'e ■■ Mr Philip* has prepared Ur the i tion of his foreign eorrtfpdndehts, two Cats* j i lbs»ii«i», one of the bed books and er'idon* of book* psblifhed in I ondon wifliin the Isft | 1 fevrn years, arie" afnVther of boohs pubiifhtd j ! within the current year, to eSCh of which the j reaiilar London prices in flerlirg money are [ ; 1,1.1,d0n, i'lridge-ftrert. Blackfriar*, "> j September, ißoj—Feb. 10—w6c 3 1 , FOR S/VLE* XI,LL that trarStof land whic'i T from Mrs. Miry Jcii*'r>B and on which ! r r>w I refide lying in St. Miry'n Coonty on the ('be. frpeake h: y three miles from 8t Inigoes j J cfeellt, containir.g jcb acres mo*/- er lefs. I The arJvintapcr; of thu land are rauneroir, 400 acres are iti worn' -, lirn f> raid 1 p'-plar. The hay fliore affords «hittAthaamble l'otircc of excellent manure, in the f«» weed or fva or.r is it is cennrxJnly called which i» at all Ctafo'ns thrown up i» great qosbtities and 15 of tufy ti y alongfide , of the firldg. No pit.cc can Ie better adapted than this for flock of all kinds, the wen.'« yield abundance of acorns, and it abounds in grounds Well calculated for meadow* thxt pro duce great quint-ties of prai'a. The improve meats of this place are iikewile confide.-able, there arc oa it a pood 1 rick dwelling houfe, every lucefTary out heufe. a fmall water mill, and two ti nemdit? now under ri.uit. b<Ji.l«.i a' neceffliry fibctngin pood r.-«air Morever ther' are many convenient tyring* of good wate e that do not (ail in the drieft ftifons- its fiut r a-.ion renders it *lmol\ fnperfiuous to mantion tint it lies convenient co the Baltimore, Nor folk aud -lexandm markets Thlsvalualle tract of lWi ! w . 1 c 4th cafl> and | the remainder in one two and *hre£ years. . i R.HD M.-.NWING. Great Mitt, Jan. 31—StStwtf FOR SALE, i\ HaurVfnrne tyro ftory r\SIC X itOtlSt, %l fcrJt front by 34 feet hack, with a kitchen j fltaMfi -nil carrinpc hotrft, its fitußfi'in ior a i prtbliC or private dwelling; in' fnpcrh.r to any I neW the X.ivy Yard, it sornir'andi a .'. view »d trie 7'ard and faippinp and is \ now rented for .; o dblUrn per Framm, I | will slfofcll a valuuble untmpiovad i-ot near tla- prcniUr.* i 1 iq 881- ycurtg neptroes will be tekfcn in pat 1 * paiynriint. for twrii* apply to the ftihfcriher liv near the Wavy Yard, or loWr, Saniucl M'ln tire. MICHOL/S VOfS. Wufliington, Feb. 14-—^^ CONGRESS. HQtrssor -.TATIVES. Wkhuf.'-v /, v, i\larc:i j. TE s resolutions MH. Jf RANDOLPH'S Speech Con- TIKI'ED. I'.Ut the gt>ntlcnVan has told you that eoughttognto war, il for nothing else, ir trade. Ko'w, -ir, tlie s to calcu follow fie', m 1) a better and let me aik l that whilst men ! the Ir own fields, the fruits of Lhei.r labor and in- ; ry,tbere is litth danger of their be*, ing'induced to go 16 or 1700 miles m heavt rs, raccoons or opossums ddli loss of goidg to War fdr the pri- | vflege. They are better employed./ a>e. Tbfs trade, sir, may , nportant to Britain, co nations who 1 have exhausted every l-*bouiee > f in- j dustn ;-t l-.oim.—bowed down by taxa tion arfd -.victc-b.-cbi v, in Gbd*s name, if the) please, follow the fur trade. They max, for me, catch t it- ' ry heaver in North America. Yes, sir, j j our people haVe a I -Iter ..-r-ipatiu:;— ' asafey profitable, liorioi ploy they shoflld be engaged j"1 di 1 ins in hunting the beai <■■■. lest those whose natural prey I ■ bunt tlnni— I i*rty, an ; ad Ot , these v. ii.! : „ he'nitS pay oil your di (it. in- I <.<i' ]>r.i ■ Doiict, 1 beseech you, expose nt once , jour knavery and your foil' . You more lands than you know what to do \ with—you have lately paid 1.5 millions | foryetroore. Go and work them—and 1 cease to alarm the people, with 'he cry J if, until they become deaf to your ' you. . Chairman, if I felt less regard for what 1 oeem the best interests of, this nation than for my own reputation, ] should not, on this day, have offered to : ( address you ; but would have waited to , come out, bedecked with flowers and I hououets of rh.i toi ick, iii' a set sp. J Ehir, -.ir, 1 dread.-d lest a tone might be •to the mind of the cdrjri'mittei — Will j ■-rdon me, but I did feiif, from all that 1 d.iild <. c, tfr hear, they might be prejudiced by its aoVo ., (under prcU'iicir of protecting our oomincr.c) in f,,vor of thi> ridiculous &. iv pri je.ct- -1 '■■'■ ", sir, for Ito plead guiitj - re in tin ■ that I will riot goto war for this j carry irs trade. 1 will agree to pass for ;an iuebt if this is hot ti eliti- ■ inent, arid you will find it tb your war w'lo-n you will. Genfclbmen talk ot 1793. They might ' 'as well go back to the Tf. j Whtvt was your situation then I Then ' ' every heai ; - with sympathy for 1 FraiX publican France ! 1 am : ■d to say. with my friend 1 from Pennsylvania, that we were all r; v\ (.ur swords in her cai iii ni 1 that v. •■ WI re prep--ael ; to have j gone .ilis. lam not ashamed Ito pay this Compliment to the hearts of \ the American people, eveij if at the ex. pence of their .understandings. It v.as a noble and geu.n us sentiment which ,' nation* like individuals are never the ; wovsofor h'avmg felt. They 11 ere, I ' refloat it, ready to make great sacrifi c-s for I-'i'.uka . Ami why ready: Cause she was fighting the b ittlcs of the human race against the com'i.ied ene mies of their liberty—because she was rniing the part which Great Bri- ' tain now, m fact, sustains—forming the only bulwark agifiirM universal do minion. Knock aw .v her navy, and where are you ? Under tho mual dcs- ' j pot ism of France, uncliccked and 1111- | qualified by any antagonizing military j power, a' best but a change of masters. I The tyrant of the ocean, and the tyrant iaod is on« and the same, lord of all, and who shall say him nay, or wherefore dof-st. Thou this thing!' Give to the tyger tlie properti« 8 of the shark, and there is no longer safety tor the -, of the forest or the f.shes of the sea. Where was this high anti-Britan nic spirit ofthe gentlem in from i'enn tuia f when bis vote would have put an end to the British treaty, that pestilent source ofevil to this country I and lit a time, too, \\ he«i it was hoi less the interest than the sentiment of this ie.tr pulldown Great Britain and exa.lt France, Then, « hen the g< 1 in- n mi, lit have acted with effect, he could not screw his courage to tn« Then Bngland was com - i in What h is proved a feeble, tneffi coalition, but which ' ae.Se 01 alarm to every friend of freedom — ' 1 Now the lib rtivs ol toe human race t J are threatened hy a shigle pi than 1.. ■! World, to k j whoi ambition, \ ast as it I , j naval force of Great Britain ban. I - only obstacle, . j i am perfectly Sensible and ashamed 1 of the 1 respussl am making on me pa f tience of the Corhmil ( not whether it witl be iv my power to trouble them again on this .subject, 1 must, beg leave to continue my crude and desultory observation*, i am no No. nc< TAID IN . ashamed to cqofess that they the cnnimdncemej . , th ing a rr-at deal of n aim, dured,parti nlarlv from bp...hi.5 he was ■iuteiat. jaiic had. ■ur commcrc- , impi \ on- ' ed \i or violated your a< teri ilorj , ■■,' I;,..!;, l.acail;, established between the two na tions, by the krentv of tures (■ in . Late "'■ •■ Jtleman frbiii Pennavlv ni i r lies'fi r I port) sent ioi v | their lives, tlieii their sa honor, m sujipoj-t oi ah) inuasuic-8 y°;i • .ii' j Injured rights. \/«b, ■ ir, wli ,t iutvo f M \ ' CU3 j laid Upni i pence of printing a; pen, ink an 1 pt.pi r,;;mi I I true ]j" irical qi y in j handbills and ... b to ie i e-aaal of oui -hay resemble n< i>.ing but tJ j mentis ~ a | ha- c "the \\ ..ni. ; I gesj'>th( re, -Church's . —and to cro-.-n the whole, "Id an's ve and vert jof brain-sick, p lfti man idjiirin'gyo j bine i hlv a fair trial vvoiulev-workir. : ! term but one half of there is little d Mica] death, at this time I ! i., in politics a.s in | is bftimes the most dangerous diise'a -.— and this 1 take to be our case at | sent. fluf, sir, why do I talk of Spain ? There ureiib longer Pyrenees. There exists i n—no such bring us .or minister. It i, a mere juggle played off for the b. ilea who pot the rcechanhm into m- jrlfi'n. You know, sir, th ,t }■ -n have r.o ■em.-os with Spain- i . the c t ol of a super! r, to V\ bom ; t this il. uu uch - Are ) our v\ ith ■.it- \ou going to cal pan.n ea, i - - - i i - and handbills excepted, your si) i arca a government all . ? —To Madrid ? Ko- net s as not to km w v. he re shoe pinches— to Faris. You kiiow at least where tin: disease lies, and tJ i'-ply your ri medy. When th tion anxiously demands the i your deliberations, yob hang your head and blush to tell. Ycu are afruidio tell. Your riiotith is bermeti cd. Yoi»r lienor has received a wound which nuiat not i ke air. » dare not, tome-forward and av< work, much less defend it in the pre oj the nation. ( i\ «■ tin a, ,d Uy ask,that ! After shrinking fren tin all do you presume to,biill) the British ; c.nics out. in is j our rival in ti vevned as you arc by ccnra'na; h. v: c. p ilith i ins,) i i would i at' mount intei o wound that rival. For Spain and France yott are carriers—and lrom :-. >od i vi ■' merfi every indignity is to be endured. And * hat is the nature of this trade ? Is it that carrying trade whh h ben the flour, tobacco, cotton; beet, pr.rk r of tins countrj, brings b.-tk in return foi liclrs : comfort ? No, sir, 'tis a trade carried on, the Lord knows where, or by whom ; —new- doub ling cape Horn, ni »■ the cape of. Good ! Hope. I do not say that there is no profit: in it—for it would not then be pdrsUed—but'tis a trade that tends to assimilate onr manners and government to those of the mos-t corrupt countries of Europe. Yes, sir, and when a Question ! magnitude prevents It - self to you, causes those w bo now prate a bout national honor a.nd spirit to pa ck< t any insult, —to consider it as a mere matter of debit and credit, a businc-bs of profit and less—an I Ie The first thin ( k. my mind when tbi.> i laid on tin bite was uncle dt m al* ways put to us at schorl—-wi. a it ? U this pnlj th. ; i i ...\.- na* ther of the bantling he i , i..m d to main tain, or indeed the actual pan (it, tlie real pr< gl - -Id ? or is it the production of the cabinet—riut I you had m. i en dispatch s relating t&i ital me - si.ires laid before you the day after \.cr final decision oh tho -four weeks alter thi otflv ti.eir lira, nts, but their very exis th i\ time o- . i.-i ---v. bom the paople \. -.at with ti. il wi-.duii a:,tex. perii uportant tion. Do - thai tin* sj .am, or ether this no t di do. I . am free to answer it will not. It cannot Mst. I d of th* i fair, op»ji, c l, rf»poi -bm I sin iah m this Icft-lvauvit d, ti i. I blc, iriu':pcnsd. .v influence; which ac-