OCR Interpretation

The national intelligencer and Washington advertiser. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1800-1810, June 20, 1806, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045242/1806-06-20/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Further extracts from " An enquiry j
into the state of the JK'ation."
"If we cm only look calmly at the
whole bearings 6f this question, we
fb-dl discover that the advantages
Which the enemy derives from the as
ice of neutrals in carrying on his
colonial remittciices, and all the other
branches fff bis distant commerce, are
by no means unmixed with serious H
• s to his prosperity, arid that the
ral n.ag can by no means rover him
from the effects of our maritime supc
■ i,y.
M In the first place, the superiority of
mir navy, which forces him as soon as a
war breaks out, to employ neutrals in
.t. i vn • branch of his commerce,
has the obvious effect of creating a great
«',)<( k *•> his mercantile affaire. No
thing n more to be dreaded in a trading
■ ry, than such sudden and extensive
changes as this. Scarcely a merchant
but must feci the consequences
of our instantly transferring all the na
vigation ofthe country to the ha
ils, and compelling its foreign im
ports and exports to be entirely carried
nn circutfously, instead of directly.—
What should we not expect in this coun
try, if, by the sdlden occurrence of any
event, our whole foreign, and part ot
our coasting trade wer : thus new mo
delled, and, if by the occurreni
another event, a lew years afterw
it were as suddenly to be drawn back to
its farmer state ? We Should undoubt
edly tremble for the whole, mass of our
commercial establish m nt; ahdifFfance
were as mercantile .ic.o-m.ry as Engl end,
she too would be nearly ruined by so
Violent a succession of change s.
"In the second place, the total 8' ;p<*n
of tiie enemy's navigation is an in
jury of the greatest moment to his ge
neral power. It is precisely the sort d
injury most desirable to our own inter
est-, and the natural consequence oj
our naval superiority. While neutral
ships and seamen alone are employed in
parrying on the commerce oi France,
her only nursery of maritime powpr is
destroyed ; she tones h-.r whole c.
lining a navy ; she can heitherprc* j
cure a stock oi merchant vi
breed a race of seamen to mahn her ships
of war. We are cold indeed, that the .
v.ion of her sono n fl
pives her a gr«at command of recruits ;
lor her vessels of war; but is t Ins any .
thing more than a mere temporary sup- j
ply I When the English navy Ins talti n j
t-r destroyed the crews thus procured, .
cr when, m a few years, they bavi
out, Whence are their place* to be sup- j
plied i The trade of Frar.ce must re
vive, it must be reestablished lor some*
ra- before her navy can he placed on
Che footing which it had when tlv
Irall began to lend her thctv assistance, I
by engrossing her foreign commerce, j
'I he ruin of all her hopes of ever „r-
Quiring maritime strength is R« 1 1.
ally secured by our naval Superiority
driving her trade into neutral hands, a«
it could be by our pre v* tiling her from \
l lading at all. And let it lv remember- ,
-•d that this is nil the injury whh ii it is
cur interest to make her feel from the ;
war. The destruction of an enemy's j
trade is not to be desired, in order I
r.ihtl.ite his national wealth. l'.y the j
individual prosperity bf his subjects we j
ourselves gain ; by Ihfiir piogr ■ in
riches we improve our own ; nnd tho
his public revenue may be augmented
by the increase of his public: wealth, we
run t necessarily augment our own i-
vi nue by the increase which our i
K< i Ives from liis. it is the " ferl
lem.armin" that we have to dread, not
the " ithere glebte." It is his progress
in arms, not in avis, that »formic!
nnd ilwie: cannot be a doubt that an tx
nt which renders him richer and
WeakcT — which augments 'he op-iU ■lice
«,f bis people, and make, them harmless
v.o their iieighlionrs—which preserves
their trade, but stunt'- the grqwth of
their navy- is of all others the contri-
Mm ited to our interest!;. The
Mil-render of the French comim;
tin* neutral nations* i-> this ejspediej,t»
lc prcsen commerce
j-, beneficial to England, an
whatever might injure us; v .gives us
all tii2 adv«nu»ges of a neb neigft.bour,
and all the *K*c«rity.of a weak on*. This
js the reward if cur mi >. unpled naval
ty ; it is the glorious fruit of
."• numerous victnriet \ vis a benche
which provides of riseH the meana pi
tningit; it isa pr)/.c whii.li arjC shall
'. ssurce'.ly loh«, as on as We itm II I
•v i.npoiu.y the commercialgie.it
ress thai nci'i-.e-. us poaeriol at sea.
V\ c may piSevent it from passing into
the banes ot France in. .tee.; hut s .me
ether tiatl in must tokt it trom us, If we
aacrifice our real pvospiiity, to a fotdUdi
j«alousv of the good as well as die L>au ;
a short-sighted desire of annihilating
the advam.iireeus with the tlangcrou.
hr inches ot our rival's commerce.
" But bi'tly, the* operation of our mari
time power upon the naval affairs of t c
enemy, besides destroying that p.nt ol
hiu system which alone it is oar interest
to injure, confers important bent ft L
upon those whom it is our interest to as
Mst. Not only d»es the rmn ot tin
trench navy, by the neutral nUtritr
j enee, produce*, the- greater injury to the
X >\ eminent of France, with which alone
we ought to he at war, without ruining
the unoffending and peaceable inhabi
tants, whom we should have no spite
' against ; but it transfers a large portion
of commercial wealth, and a capacity
of acquiring maritime power, to nations
naturally allied to v«, by blood, by the
relations of political interest, and by the
intercourse of trade. The Americans,
in particular, with whom our most ex
tt nsive and lucrative traffic is carried
on, and whose friendship in a political
view we ought to court, as the only re
spectable slate beyond the influence of
our enemy, are gainers by the commerce
in question, to an astonishing degree,
both as a mercantile and military peo
ple. How much their commercial gain*
are our gains, need scarcely be pointed
out ; neither need we shew how greatly
it is for the advantage of England, and
of the world in general, that what the
French power loses should pass into the
hands of a state where no undue bias,
either towards schemes of ambition, or
measures ol submission to the common
i ... my, has ever been shewn—a state
where so many circumstances concur to
establish the influence of English prin
ciples and connexion's J where tr other
rsof the continent, without having
any ground tor alarm, may always ex
pect te find assistance, as soon as its
means are commensurate with its incli
" It Is in vain, then, to represent tne
neutral trade as a complete security to
our enemies, against the effects of cur
maritime superiority. The injuries
which it is our interest to inflict upon
France, are In no wise diminished by
the intcrl' ruiee of America in her com- J
mcrce. The French navy is destroyed j
by ours, and the chance ot restoring it I
nn; be considered M at *n end, during (
fche war; The revenue of France, in j
go fir p* it depends upon colonial pro- j
ducc, we might wish to cut ofl>, but we
Cannot ; for so long as the French peo
ple hove a taste for that produce, and
money to pay for it, they will bay it :
it Will enter France, and pay duties to .
the p-vcrnment. The commercial pro** J
pehity of France we have no interest to
ay ; but iT we had, we could not,
! fthd till t •am ievei.ee of the trade Co ?H v- I
lers, nxcr always protect it. in j
Way or another* when a long war, i
! aod a total ruin oi their naval force) j
I compels lb•••.' Frrnch to embrace this last j
alternative, as the only chance* that is j
! left of importing and exporting commi)
--' clitics.
I "A further ground of objection td the
i A-mericans has b«*fl urged with censi
p< pul r effect. Their mer
chantmen, it seems, are now manned*
in a great degree, by deserters from
; the British haw. While the emigra*
..-« v into their service pre
| vent-England from putting her ships of
I War in cbmrnissloh-i the Americans are
{ ready to establish a formidable marine
j upon the ruins of ou •."-■, for the mainten
ipUted clii.os.—lt hap
.to be the necessary con
of our situation, that such mi
;ratlon should take place; si
milarity of language and ibann
which determines the ordinary course
of emigration towards America from
I this country, has a similar effect upon
'migration of our seamen. The
I higher wages tOC-j of the American ser
vice, apr] still more, the total freedom
from prcss-gabgs, which it enjoys, Can
not fail to attract a great number of men
from our merchaht vessels daring a war.
But bow can this possibly be pievent
!ed i il •""' ot the government
| can alter the manners of Amci. a, nor
make our merchants raise Ineir W
in order to retain subjects for the nn
press service. Nor eh> western willing
to abolish that mode of supplying our
• navy, which would probably, if coupled
with a me of wages, have the desired
" It is said, however, that we may in
upon h right of searching all Ame
rican vessels at -e.i, and imp.
British seamen found in then. Do we
mean; then, td cleny to our satfoTS alpni ,
ut all classr.ot the people, a right to
leave* the country, and s-eek em,
meat in the territories of friendly pow
ers f it is hurtful to the commerce of
the country, that artisans should >
America aod Russia., and we have va
ii lis laws on our statute book, the fruits
of a mistaken policy, framed with a
view of preventing such an emigration
put. no one can propose, at the present
clay, to extend such prohibitions, ami
suit less was it ever in contemplation to
reclaim the artizatis who had actually
gone away and settled hi foreign coun
tries. A saiior workm.', i.i in mieri-
C'usiiip, is only in the predicanientoi
a fit nler cultivating an American plan*
t iMeii ; and Che search of the ship for
".e purpose- of seizing the Sailor, would
be an act of as violent aggression; as
the Search "f tiie country for' the sei
zure of the farmer* The only differ
ence he t.ween the. cases is, thot we hap
pen to have the power in the former, 8c
not in the latter.
" But by going to war with America,
we may prevent the further emigration
of our seamen-, acquire a right to re
FRIDAY, JUNE 20, 1806.
claim those who are already gone. P>y
turning all our vessels into armed crul
lers, and engaging in an universal pira
cy, we might still further enrich our
selves. We have the first havy and
bravest people in the world. We may I
take the sea, as France has seized upon \
the land; and thus find our profil in I
preferring war with the whole world,
to peace .vitli a single nation, which bos
rights and advantages repngnaht ro our
supposed interest. Alter all, however,
laying justice out of the t|u**Stioli) is it
our real interest to quarrel with the
only power which remains unhurt by
French influence, to lose our intercourse
with the nation best calculated for our
commercial relations? At this moment
France and America -'.'tin of them- (
selves disposed to a rupture ; and pos- j
sioly, be-fore this time, war is declared j
by the U. S. against Spain. OUght We
not to think well both of the 'con«c- j,
quences of the contest, and of the value \
oftlu; matter in dispute, before we a- .
bandoh so fair an opportunity of adding
America to the number of our allies, (
oi.d of establishing our influence there, |
upon the only durable foundation of al- i
liance, mutual sacrifices, and mutual i
benefits ? The trivial importance of j
all that could be gained by excluding j
the neutral traders fmm the enemy's
commerce, has already been shewn, j
No words are required to prove, thot i
the blank* occasioned by pome sailors;
leaving our service will speedily be fil
led tip ; that the number of British sea
men at the end of a given period will
be greater, in consequence of our breed
ing for the American navy, just as the
number of our people is on the whole
augmented by . the demand for in n, {
j which our colonies create. VVe may
I feel some inccnvenic-nre in the mean I
j time,from the progress ofthe enemy's j
/ commerce, and the desertion of our
I seamen to neutral powers. But <nr ge- ,
neral policy can never be modelled ac- 1
cording to such temporary conside'ra- i
} tions. The evils or difficulties in qu:*s- I
I tion, are the necessary consequences of |
j the long war m which we have been en
gaged. They are part of that succes
sion which the new administration have >
I fallen heirs 10-'-a succession mule Up of j
; all the dangers and difficulties, Which j
I a long course of mismanagement and
j nmferiunes has accumulated upon the
j countryt"
a I-, i
I Amherst, June if).
Ooi WecdwaA-y" Inst, t!ie government
ofthisstate w-asorganized Bt HopkvHi
ton for the current year. CIiKMftWT
Stokf.r was chosen President of the
Senate; and Saw uki. Fell unanimous
ly chosen Speaker of the House of Re
presentatives. The whole number ot
votes for Governor was 20,573 ; of
JOHN LANGDON had 15,3ff
Timothy 1,720
John T. GILMAW, 1,553
Jkrkmiah Smith, &02
Oliver Peabodt, t;66
Scattering. 155
On Thursday the Governor met both
branches Of the Legislature, and deli
vered a speech, from which the follow
ing is extracted as being ot a general na- '
'• The citizens of this state havirig
thought proper, by their free suffrages,
to elect me their chief executive magis
trate for the present year, 1 cannot but
consider it as highly honorable, and as
demanding from me ray most sincere
ta grateful acknowledgments.
" The unanimity and hafmdhy, that
has prevailed through the state for the
last yeais must give great satisfaction to
every reflecting mind, as it affords pood
ground to hope, that those of us, who
have heretofore differed in political
sentiments, are yielding td each other
in our opinions} and we may reasona
bly expect, that the time is not far elis
taut, when we shall be a united as well
as a happy people.
" Amidst the important Changes ahd
revolutions that have taken place in the
affairs of some ot the great nations of
Europe) with which the U. S. are more
mmediately connected, it has necessa
rily been extremely difficult for the ge
neral government to prevent our coun
try from being involved in their wars
and disputes. In this trying situation
we must have Observed the hand of Di
vine Providence, guiding the councils ot
our nation, and blessing it with an ad
ministration, whose prudence) justice
and talents, ought to be universally ac
" 1 most sincerely congratulate my
fellow-citizens, that peace nasi-?' .v pre
served —>that we have escaped trom all
the dangers which have surrounded us
—-—and for the happy pro»pecu we
have now in xiew."'
Providence, June 7.
Afore British insults— * Toe schooner
Morning Star, capUiln Oldridge, ot this
port, --.ailed from hence on tne 10-ti ult.
for Washington, N. Carolina. On the.
ljth between tne copes of Virginia and
ilatteras, fihe fell in with a British
cruising ship, which either carelessly
or will full*', run foul of her. An officer
boarded the srhooner and impressed cine
man, ",-.an citizen, with a re
gular protection. Captain Oldri Ige
remonstrated Pi»ninsthis'taKirigthe man,
informed ">iim that: he Was short bonded,
having in all but five men, officers in 4
eluded, one of them sick below, and a
j vessel ofol tons to navigate ; but his re
monstrances were in vain. The ship
parted from the schootfer, and the peo
ple on hoard the 1 itter discovered, that
in consequence of the b.low she had re
ceived from the ship, she* leaked very
ba Hy. Having spent the night in pump
ing, she was found to have three feet of
water In her hole!, and being th'moff,
Ocracock ban and blowing a gale, it i
was thought most s;ife to attempt going i
i in, even without a pilot; but in attempt- ,
J ingit she struck on the bar and imme
j dlately foundered. The officer from the i
ship refused to t*ll her name, or that of |
j'ner Cornmahder, whose conduct reflects j
j so much honor on the British navy .
hatches 6.
We mentioned in our last that a rtgu*
jlatlon was lately made by the Spanish
| government of West Florida, prohibiting
i persons travelling through that district
j without a passport, \\ c have since
I received from an official source a copy j
j of this regulation which we now present
j to our readers.
'■■ Don Vharlis de Grandpre, colore! ir.
the royal armies, governor, military
and political, o* the place and district j
o+'Baton Rouge, in West Elorid*,\
Whereas'experience has shewn, that
the toleration consented to in tfie district I
j of this government, for the free pus
jof travellers, has been abased by the
introduction of ill famed°, idle vagratltsj
! with bad intentions. Therefore it being '
j important for the public peace, and In I
i conformity Avith the establishments at all
| times, to prevent the consequences that
I might result therefrom, we have com", i
manded £c do command all officers civil !
I and military, as well as all vassals of
i thisjarisdiclion, thot they elo hot under |
I any pretext whatsoever receive nor ad
j hiit any of the aforesaid*, unless they
•present that indispensiole reepiisitCj a
passport, in form, granted by legal au
thority, otherwise they are to cause
them to return in search of that docu
ment which must ldeutify the persons so I
That this provision may be made pub
he and have its due effect, we Com
mand that divers exemplifications
thereof, in the three languages, Castil
li;in, French and EnglLh i;e. affixed m
all the places of g.eates resort, to tlu
end that the same may come to the
knowledge of all persons.
Given at the seat of government of
Baton Rouge, the 15th of April,
The British Government have pro
posed to give 2 shillings sterling boun
ty per quintal on British fish carried
in their to the WfcSt-Indles
with a view of counteracting our ves
sels in their trade to their islan.ls.
This is a new attemp* to injure Ameri
can commerce in the West Indian
seas-u-But it is after all, whe
ther their islands can receive t.upplies,
even by an extended fiystem of boun
ties, during the existence 4 cf war.
Will they give a bounty to beef and
pork, to lv mil er, to staves and heading,
to Hour and rice f No—iViiiiions may
be paid in this way, and their com
merce to the West-Indies cannot e
nable them to render their islands in
dependent of the U. States for the
necessaries of life* Tho. inhabitants
there amount to two million, and they
depend on us for bread—*Chey would
starve if tne United tt iates stopped
intercourse with them for a few months.
But where are the British fish to come
from f Will Nova Scotia supply their
Islands ? It cannot be done. The fish
of Nova-Scotia are brought to Boston,
Bee. and re-exported on American ac- :
Count. NeVa-Scoci i thuS pays for sup- I
plies Which she could get no where
else. The only British shipping that
visits Massachusetts-, comes from No- :
va-Scotia and New-Brunswick. Eng- !
lish vessels from Great-Britain or I
Ireland cannot contend with us in wr j
I „,,..!.„- Tkla L 1 «... -j. ♦)-.»;.. I
own market. This is known to their
government, ftncl as a rtmeiiy now we !
hear of bounties upon British fish in
the West Indies.-—But all this will net I
answer the ooject idmed at; The
trade ought to be free • to be flourish*
ing it must be free. No monopolies—
no exclusive privileges i and Cireat-
Bntaln may then exj-ect to supply ncr
colonies at the cheapest rate. Let
her open the ports of Nova-Scotia to
American shipping, where oUr flag is
as great a stranger as It is at Constan
tinople or on the shotes of the Black
Sea. There indeed our ships iah
(50—But in Halifax- kx. thr American i
11:,. uot seen, except m distress, or
when reversed, and under the com- ;
mand of Prise .Masters, c.trryiag the I
ships it was meant to protect, to sure
condemnation, to Courts of Admiralty,
whose " Judges know no other law but
his Majesty's instructions," Why
• showM tiia rebels ef NoTa-bsatij ceme
fco our ports, When our v-'-'c'.a are »H*
admitted at Halifax, Liverpool, and
New- Brunswick ?
We derive little* advantage frbrn the
intercourse, a--d it is cert ibi t i-»y can
not do without our soppli -s ~\ m -re
'tiian their West ln-iia ' ish. '•. 1.. t
commerce b* as 1 free as tVr> the wind
that blows, aifirl the water that •'
this is the h « St system ;
Eh gland woo! lhivehe. n a happier (I
try, had she never had tn \ n
or navigation act. She w i •
been more powerful. 1
America is in point on this que
. are a happier nafon. \V
wealth as is necessary for onr
• security, and our riches r
; every day ; and as to real
I r . S. possess a decided advanl
j should have been a poor, weak and mi
! serablc people had we adopted the Bri
l tish system throughout, whether of
Commerce ar g-ivernmeni any
American exchang" countries with an
Englishman? If it vs.. iblc thing,
would the people of Amavica migrate td
'.\\d, and take the sitnatlon of the
English people, glvlhg them our r)Wrt
country in exchange r It v ill be
swct-id, No, by six millions of pe*
j But no reasonable man expects a reform
in ilritish ; - . <t is true,
is hoped from the enllj ites*
man who is now at the head of the Bri
tish govenimeiit"— A L-w short months
and we shall knew whether-the mad
policy of a former administration is to
be pursued or not against cur commerce*
We hat c a right to expect an alieraStonf.
Things cannot remain as they are at
$alcm Register.
. A. letter From the Marquis Cas'a Vru
jo, dated Philadelphia the 4t.li February*
j with a posts riptbl t ii 11th of the sama
month, addressed to tiie governor gerie
ral of Veneaeuala and » . has
been found onboard a pri lately
sent, irtto Kingston. (Jam.) from which,
the following relation is taken respect
ing Miranda, Sec.
York Vojicr*
v Thar bti his returs from Washi
ton, where be bad been f r a tew w. eks*.
he le.eived information that the traitor
Mi'-anda h frorp New-York the
day before, In the ship Leander, mount
ing 18 guhs, that she had merchandize*
andammunlti m of ..II kinds, and war
store's on board, such as lead irn
sheets, iron balls, musk-ts, :in(\ parti
cularly a large quantity of pikes-, the
greater part without Ran les, for the
ci.venithct* of their being concealed,
that a three masted schooner went in
company with i-im j previous to this*, a
captain Lewis-sailed with two schooners
for Port-au-Prince, near which place
there was a positm ~ |, v 2.500
Mulattoes, who on a former Occasion*,
had promised h.m to ship themselves in
a body, if he would procure a country
for them to go to, as they were afraid of
being hy the blacks ; the
are under the command of one
Pichon or Potion. Lewis, had with him
powder and ball, some hundred stand ot
amis- and ~s - there Were two
s fitting out on the same expedition
i.om Boston, one of which had suiledi
could not tcil her n.imc, that the
ship Louisiana had sailed, madhtirig l(J.
guns, with SO field pieces am. 13 mor
tars on board, a considerable quantity
ot arms and animlinition, anaaeompiete
cciuipage lor mounting a regiment of ca
valry : that the result of his enquiries is
the *
Indnstan ami Emperor had Cleared
and sailed for bt. Marc's and Ja*
Leander, for CarraccaS.
Louisiana, fit a red for Port-au-Prince*.
Two vessels from Boston;
Captain Lewis with two schooners.
And a three masted schooner that soil
ed in company with the Leander.
! From the best information ho crAilrt'
obtain they Carried about lv>oo men for
.1 disembarkation, taking as many a
■! could in each vessel, so as not to
1 rise to suspicion ; that he has no .
■ . but they are destined i.g.imst the Car*
: raccas, and therefore tends thiSaccoant*
■ j that he may be prep ttvd against any
• surprise from these pirates."
VV ILL be e*poftd to public fale for rend**
cufh on the »bth day o? June ->,-« *t Fontcr*»
D Stcilt's tavera, «il the right, title, claim,
and intereft of Roint* r r<.v.- n in ari a Co j jOC
No 4 in s*-a»re No. *t«o with comhio-tlnv.-i
Brick Owcuing houie- thereon, one three.
ftorie* high and the other two, late the pro
perty of the (atd Brown, taken by virtu« of a
wik of fiera fsdHaa, iff-wd from the- ci-ctii*
c-sttrt of the diftricl of Columbia for the cann
ty of WalVngion, at the fuic of Samuel Da*
vifon. .*tthc fume ti-v.e and p-Lra will hi**,
i fcxjkofe-t io public i»!«, f, r rrxdy «(**., all -.h*
i , rignt. title, --.ai-n and infcrcfl of John Moor*
(Miller) in and tr» » piece ot* ground ira.
. feuarc No. s'S with a frail] br'xk tatßfr***
, j ihcrcoll, lute the property ofthe faid M.wro,
\ | t*kern by virtue of a wm of fieri facta ifTueci
' j horn the toart aioieVaui, at th* mit of 3*muat
' j Davidfon.
j Bale to commence at rt o'c'ocfti
' ) D\Nt. C. BfcSNT, M*e*>*»
1 I June *~—*wt*£ *

xml | txt