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The national intelligencer and Washington advertiser. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1800-1810, November 21, 1806, Image 1

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Washington' advertiser.
f ,L.L.i«s t §M ANNUM.
By this public instrument, be it made
kn nvn to all whom tiie ,ame doth or
may concern, that 1, John L. Runage, j
consul of the United States of America ]
ft* the Island oiCnba, resident at Ha- (
vamia.'lolierebv c rti'fy, that on tbe;
day of the date her' of before me per
eniaUy came and'appeared Thomas 13,
Bennett, master, Thomas Lynch, mate,
nwd Giies Williams seam vi, ot and be
longing to the schooner Agenorja, of
Baltimore, who being by me severally
duly sworn, according to law, did se- j
sfernily s<>l<*mnry depose and declare,
that they tbe deponents on the second j
day of August, inst. sailed in and with j
the said schooner* from Baltimore afore- j
said,bound to Vera Cruz; that nothing \
remarkable happened until the 23d, ;
when they made the Berry Islands, and |
On the nexr day having light winds and
pleasant weather, they brought up the
laid Islands, and at 6P. M. in company
with several other vessels, came to au
thor on the bank.
That on the 23th, at sun set. the Bri
tish schooner Haddock, Lieut. Foley,
commander, wiib a pilot boat schooner,
her prize, also came to aucbor, and at
half past eleven P.M. tbe said Folty
sent a boat along side, and «n officer
came on board and demanded her pa
pers ; that at this time he the said Tho
mas B. kiennett was not on board ; that
in aoout a quarter of an hour he came
on board and objected to tbe shewing
his papers, as they bad been regularly
examined by a British of 16 guns,
then lying at anchor near them; that
upon tins the said John Foley came on
board and abused tbe said Thomas B.
Bennett very grossly, snapt a puiol at
him, and knocked him down several
That the said Bennett stated, that if
a proper officer bad come on board at
first, be should have no objections to
shewing bis papers ; but tbe said Foley
-was thin very much intoxicated, and
•rdered bis men to search for tbe crew,
who came aft to get their protections j
and the said Foley having looked at
Henry Hara's (second mate's', protec
tion, first strucit him, and then ordered
him and thiee others, to wit, Edward
Willi*ms, Giles Williams, and Joseph
Fraley into the boat, without paying any
attention to protections; that at 1 A.
JA. the boat returned and delivered up
the said Giles Williams and Joseph
Frailey ; and at day-hght they disco
vered tbe said schooner under way, up
on which they immediately made sail
for her, in hopes to get the other ni*n
i-eleased ; but the winds being light they
could not succeed iv their attempt to
$et up with her, audat U A. M. she was
almost lost to view, and finding their
endeavours fruitless, they at 10 bovo a
bout and stood iv for the place they had
been at anchor ; that Uiey again cams
to anchor there, and at 5 P. M. got un
tier way ; and on tbe 13th, in ccm se
quence of the impressment aforesaid,
being snort of bands, they put into tins
port. And the said Thomas B. Bennett
did further depose, that the-persons thus
impressed are dtixehs of tbe United
States, bad protections, and were also
cert-bud as such by the collector of the
port ol Baltimore, on the list of the
ere./ of said vessel ; which he, the de
ponent, also exhibited to the said Fo
And the deponent further saith, that
there were several other vessels which
he, the said Foley, under the assumed
name of John Haddock, also boarded at
the same time, and abused the captains
and craws in aa infamous manner.
The said Thomas B, Bennett there- \
fore dotk, and I, the said rice consul do, i
by these presents, most publicly and j
solemnly protest, as well against the j
Maid Foley, for tbe impressment and iiu- j
proper conduct aforesaid, as against all
other matters, and causes whereby or
by means whereotany damage, loss or
injury has been, or shall or may hereaf
ter appear to be sustained in the pre.
mises, and for all costs and charges at
tending tiie same, to the end that the
same be submitted unto, suffered and
borne by those to *ho.n of right it shall
appertain, to be adjusted and recovered
iv time aim place convenient.
Done aacl protested at lluvanna a
m. rk.
In testimony whereof tbe said tie-'
poueiiU have hereunto subscrib- I
ed their names, and I, the said '
vice consul, have hereunto act my
[l. s.j* hand, and affixed my seal ot of
fice, the Ist day of September, in
the year of our L.<>rd, JBO6, and
of the Independence of the United
States the 31st. I
('.apt. Bennett requests us to state,'
that when ht punned the said schooner '
Haddock, he reversed bis colors, and
Uiat when his men's protections were
shewn to the said lieut. Foley, he insult
ingly said, that M all the six-penny
prcxecttoM th- rebels could produce*
■were fit for nothing else but to .—-."
Captain Sherman was one ->f the cap
tains mentioned in the above protest,
who shared the fate of cupt. Bennett.
MALTA, July 18.
(Private letter.)
** I now come to relate to you an
event of the most melancholy
tion, and almost unparalleled in regard
to its dreadful and miserable conse
quences It happened this morning.
A magazine took fire, and olew np with
an explosion scarcely ever known to he
: equalled ; by it barrels of gwipow
! der, and above 1600 shells and grenades,
j were blown op. Such an immense
; quantity as 10,000 lbs. of gunpowder
must occasion the most dreadful havoc
| and destruction. The houses adjacent
:in eveTy direction were immediately
| blown into ruins—and how shocking it
was to the inhabitants you may easily
conceive, as there was no ehancc ot
escaping. The buildings are all of
stone, of an immense thickness. It is
calculated that one thousand persons
have either perished or are dreadfully
maimed. Tbe principal sufferers are
the Maltese, who chiefly live near the
place. One man has lost bis wife and
six children { others nearly the sasne ;
and whole families ate buried together.
Those who escaped momentary death
perhaps, are shockingly maimed and
disfigured, and crawling about til a
miserable condition, fourteen artille
rymen, who were in the magazine,
were of course blown to atoms. The
band of a regiment, (the Stth) were just
playing M God *aye the king" near the
place—two men were killed on the spot,
the whole remainder were much wound
ed. Th** guards on duty were killed.
The magakinc is situated on the side of:
the water opposite to the city e-f Valetta ; I
it is called Harmola. Stones were
thrown over to us, some to tbe distance
of two miles. It was situated close to i
the water side, and the bed of the sea
was so shook by it, that it rose up and |
overflowed the banks. Two vessels |
(small ones) wore sunk. Immense i
stones were thrown up which fell into ;
tbe water; others on tho ships & rigging;
one I saw which fell on a vessel just i
arrived, weighed an hundred weight. !
The guard ship, the Madrass man of j
war, is moored some distance from the
disastrous place ; but a stone fell on tbe !
quarter deck, and broke the thigh of !
the gunner, who had lately arrived. A
Mr. Woodhouse, here, who, with his J
brother has a great wine-making con- j
cern iv Sicily, has lost 250 pipes of it, J
worth nearly 7COOI. they were at some j
distance from tbe place; but the shock ;
was so great that the casks burst, j
w In short, it is a scene of misery
which no language can describe. The !
churches are filled with the dead, A
friend of mine, just come from the {
ruins, says, that be was walking over
them, when h-i lighted on the head of a |
woman, bur body was crushed flat; and j
although it is only a few hours since tbe i
general calamity took place, her body, I
owing to the intense heat, was entirely .
putrified. Nothing farthur has yet been
•* |t is supposed, hovfiver, that the j
men weve employed in cutting away tbe i
fuses from the shells, or doing something )
like that, when by some means a spark
The merchants here have be
gun a subscription of twenty pounds
each, for the relief of the poor sufferers.
A whole town, I may say, is destroyed.
►'The accident happened this morn
ing about a quarter past six o'clock,
They say there are now buried in tbe
ruins one thousand barrels of gun powder
that arc in danger ; but I trust in God
it is untrue; were that to blow up it
I would bring all Malta in ruins. May
j the almighty avert such another disas
From rut Aurora.
We noticed a few days since, a volu
minous pamphlet which has appeared !
in this city ; it is published by S. F.
Bradford, bookseller, and extends to
I£3 pages of close writing ! The title of
the pamphlet is—-" An inquiry into the
present slate of the foreign relations qf
the union, a* affected by the late mea
sures of administration" and it has a
motto from lord Boiingbroke, the drift
of which is to persuade us in advance
that we are arrived et a crisis. Unfor
tunately for the anonymous writer he
I has chosen his text from a prophecy
| that never was fulfilled, and from aniaii
j who for splendor of talents is not to ba
I compared with his copyist, nor in any
other respect unless it is that political
chagrin, the consequence of dts ppoint
ineut in political ambition, and remorse
for the desertion of early politics and
principles, may bo v feature common to
The writer assumes in a very flimsy
i preface, whick would rather appear to
jbe a puff from the bookseller, than the
grave production of a political censor
I and counsellor, that he is an indtpen
| dent American, and while he assures
! his readers that we are " the happiest,
andalmost the only freemen on earth,"
I he lv the su.mc breath declare 4 that our .
Friday, November 21,1806.
" political relation* wear a gloomy a*~
pCct" and assures the reader that he is
neither " a British agent nor " a French
intriguer" —nodisgusted subject of "de
mocratic intolerance, nor disappointed
" seeker after public honors."
The length of the pamphlet necessari
ly c » urn scribes the portion oi the extract
we most earnestly wish every man may
read it who can obtuiu It, and nothing
concerning it would give us more plea
sure than to seeit go through twenty edi
tions, and a cony in the hands of every
man in the nation.
The pamphlet consists of an intro
duction of 16 pages, and the remainder
is composed ot a piofessed discussion of
two heads of argument—the first is en
titled—" of our foreign policy : and j
of the policy pursued towards Great
Britain ' This professed subject ex
tends to the 97th page. The 98th page
begins with—" Th * system of policy ,
pursued towards France and Spain ;'* >
tnis occupies to page 162, and the re- !
mainder is what the writer calls a
** tontluoion."
We said above that it was a professed
discussion of these heads ; it is only
professed ; for the introduction is prin
cipally sccupied with railings and revil
iugs against the modern Charlemagne ;
lamentations over the Bourbons ; pro- j
phetical anticipations of imaginary hor- !
rors ; and deprecations of hostility, i
which in th« course of the pamphlet
he sedulously labors to provoke, and j
which he reproaches the government :
for not before now commencing. Tho* j
We are the only free people in the world, j
he tells his readers that although he is I
tor peace, that we must take " a high i
and commanding station, and preserve I
an intrepid air," and the reader will
a«k, lor what is tbe intrepid air to be
assumed—why truly to overawe France
I which has subjected all Europe, and to
| uphold that Britain which has plunder- i
est our ships and enslaved 3000 of our ci- !
j tineas, and with whose vengeance he ,
I menaces us for daring to legislate tor
ourselves as Britain has legislated for i
, herself. This lofty conduct, he says p. |
| • 13—' supplies the wantof many an in* '
', ' fcrior talent or advantage in tbe g»
--* vernmentof nations,—ltce-nimandsres* I
' pect and veneration, and like the rt*
I * ve'rente yielded to enthroned majesty,
!' it cover* all 'bibles and defect* with
♦ the mantle of sacred mystery.'
This last sentiment will enable the ,
! American reader to estimate the poli
j ticai character ot this anonymous
' Mentor : and to shew that the senti-
I ment is not one hastily thrown out as j
j mere figurative embellishment, we beg j
i leave to take from page 100 of the pam-
I pblet, the fallowing analogous scnti
| merits :
" Speculators have looked for a pa
rallel to this genius, and have compared
[him with Alexander, and with Caesar,
| and with Cromwell; be is neithsr the
{ one nor the other of these characters.
" Alexander was the son of a king
j and heir to the sovereignty of Greece
j though he fought for glory and was im-
I pellod by a boundless ambition, yet he
j looked at the grandeur of his family, and
found there, a motive for rendering his
I present plans beneficial to the* posteri
jty of the ancient kings of Macedon—he
j looked for a transmission of his regal
patrimony, vastly improved k inereas
j ed, to bis d< * ndants, and gathered in *
bis mind, new laurels from the iinagiii- '
eduses which they would make at his j
brilliant achievements.
" Nipoleou is the creator of his own ! s
| fortune—he works for himself; he h-jlds J
|no prescriptive and hereditary right to | ,
I any part of the dominions now in his).
j possession. If Alexander tbe Great had j .
los> Persia and Assyria, be would have |
found a home at Macedon, to which ho I !
bad a legal and acknowledged title—Na« \ ]
polean, once worsted, is lost; be must ; i
advance or be crushed ; his motto is I j
M victory or death"—these reflection* ,
puhh him on to a never-ceasing enmity j
with all who arc uot humiliated at his
feet---he knows that free nations to act,
are free to think and to speak of hischa- '
racter, fame and situation—he is con
scious of the reflections which naturally
arise in the bosoms of those who look
at bis beginning, his course, and his ex- !
altation; and, he is furiously urged to j
an annihilation of every disparaging '
thought, or word, or deed, among men of '
independence—he works for A suprema- |
cy of power, every where, to confound,
with his dazzling glories, tbe whispers
ot those, who would tell him, that he was
once Napoleon Bonaparte.
" Julius Ca«sar was in the republic of
Rome, what Alexander tho Great was
among the crowd ot monarch*. The
Julian family was one of the most illus
trious in that great city. If the repub
lic was to be changed to an empire,
none bad a better right than Caesar to
away its sceptre. Ho was of its high
nobility—he had bled for his country,
and had achieved wonder* for her glory.
Roman liberty at an end, Roman citi
zens might, without envy at the degra
dation of submitting to one of lower
rank than themselves, bow at tbe foot
stool of Caesar Imperator.
Napoleon is the first of his family —
he has intrenched upo.i the old order of
, things which give tue rank of monarch
' and emperor, to those only who were
- barn, ol Jun|s, or inherited the bUsd *i"
the most splendid nobility. Force placed
him whers he is, and nothing but force
can maintain him in bis station. There
is not one other supporting pr<«p to save
him from being precipitated to destruc
tion ; and, knowing this well, he sacri
fices only to Mars, with some libations j
to Minerva, to teach him how to govern
what be gains by the sword.
"Caesar moreover came to the do
minion of Rome after she had sußJuf*at
ed the world. He had nothing left to
do, but to complete and secure the con
quests she had made. Napoleon sees
Check*, impediments, obstacles, and
many rivals in power all aroond bim—
his ambition pushes him to do these a
way—his tears tell i.im they do not ex
j ist to his safety : and with fiis sword,
which he has used for the execution of
his vast puiqiosesi, be is resolved to cut
away all who refuse to confess his right
ful claims to the dominion ot the earth.
> v There is more of Cromwell belong
ing to him than of any other man. But
still, he is not the entire resemblance of
the protector. He has Cromwell's im
petuosity, and Cromwell's roughness, all
his duplicity and all his penetration—he
knows as well, how to manage the pas
sions, the vanities, the virtues, and the
t. eaknesses of man, sod he cares as little
| what means he uses for his ends, pro
! vided they effect his purposes. The
contrasted conditions of the different
stage* of the lives of these two charac
ters, bear, too, a strong aualogy-*.they
| both began their career as subjects un
j known, and both lived to wear the glo
j ries of monarebs, who never heard of
I their being in the limits of their lespec
j tive dominions.
"But Cromwell's ambition was at ah
end, when he gained the protectorship
of England. The pride of an English
man, caused him to look upou the com
mand of the British empire, as all that
i a mortal could wish far—and he found
(himself constrained, from the insularity
,of his situation, to cherish no ideas ot
continental conquest. Neither was tbe
j continent in a condition to be conquered
jby England, if England had been vastly
j more powerful than when Cromwell
wielded its strength. France, Spain,
I and Holland could, eithe»of them, sing
ly, have laughed at an attempt of the
protector to bumble them to a state of
vassalage—they were too powerful on
land for his armies to subdue. When
j Cromwell had usurped the throne of
Charles, his mind was entirely taken
up m securing himself in bis seat, and
his ambition looked uo further, than to
j the elevation of the naval glory of Eng-
I land, above that of all the wartd, and, as
a step towards! hat point, the acquisi
tion of colonul possession. »* Wlta all
his crimes," any* Juntos, " Cromwell
had the spirit of an Englishman." lie
tought for the nation, not for himseli a
loiie, The spirit of an Englishman im
pels him to advance the greatness of his
country—and so was Cromwell actuat.
cd. H» made Europe tremble at the
navy of England, triumphant under
Blake, not lor his glory alone, but the
glory of his native land.
k> Napoleon knnws none of this patri
otic spirit. His country is not France
—if the situation of things had thrown
Spain into his hands, as the main en
gine of conquest, he would feel lor Spaia
as much as he now feels far France.
1 His ambition is a personal one—he bor
\ rows nothing from the glory of the na
i tion : but strives to make the glory of
j the nation come altogether from his
I splendor.
I~TT• . . . .
'' He is upon the continent, and has <
the lame fixed mind to rule tbe land, <
that Cromwell had for England to rule '
the ocean.—And bis power ia here
I more alaming than that of the protec
tor, bccaulc, he may by gaining the j
I command of all the refourccs of Europe, ,
lin time, create a maritime power irre- i
' (iltible to the navies of bis enemies. i
I England, from her narrow population,
has not men in prolulion, to lpare for
continental wars, and continental con
quelis ; but France, with her unmenle
dependencies, can, alter fettling ber
dominion upon the land, create myriads
lof fearjnen, and direct herself to the
j conquelt of tbe element which vow
i knows none of ber authority. Napoleon
I has, too, in bis hands, the molt prodigi
ous and alarming military force that
Europe has ever feen. When he came
to the fupresne command of France, a
long locccliion of profperous events,
and the conquefts nude during the times
of the republic, and the military ex
perience of the armies acquired in feven
»r eight years of couftant warfare, gave
him alinoft the lame advantage of con
quering Europe, which the fucceffns of
the parliamentary generals aud armies
gave to Cromwell, for railing hiutlVif,
iron, the chief command of the armed '
force of to her abfolutfc domi
nation.—-The mere continental litua
tioii of Napoleon, and tlte infttiattdsitua
tion uf Cromwell make every difference
in the opportunities and relations tbst
the two individuals could manag* for
tlie.r purpolci, mud of confequcqcc in tbe
1 march aiii |h«ii «u>iii.w*i *w
No, 953.
" Thus, whether we toolc at the vaft
and efficient force which the lbvereign
of France holds for life, at his abfblute
dilcretion ;at the character ot the
man who now dirc&s her overwhelm
j ing powers :at the mode of bis opera
tions and attacks ; at the motives winch
impel him ; at the ground on which he
ftandi, and the inipoflibility of bis
holding it, unlefs he every day gathers
a new title for his ftation, in victorious
advantages gained over other nations,
to his glory and their humiliation—
The United Scates and the world mull
fee, in the prefent emperOt of France,
one of tho iuoft dangerous enemies
of liberties of mankind, that lias
exifted in ancient or modern times—
Americana are not on the lift of friends
' —and in truth he keeps no regifter of
that nature. He notes on recoid his
vaifali and dependants, and whoever
are not there he places in the catalogue
of the denounced—He that is. «°t tor
him is againft him.
" Napuleon has, too, an antipathy na
tural and violent, against us, because w«>
are the descendants of Englishmen—
be expects to find in us, tbe same stub*
born, independent stiffness, and abhor
rence of every thing like submission, that
he finds, defying his power, at the very
borders of his kingdom. —He looks at
us with a jealous eye, because he i* a
ware, that our policy is, or musu be
shortly, a policy that will lead us to
treat Great Britain a* «ur best friend
abroad; and be sees in us, one of tho
greatest aids and supports to the power
of his formidable enemy, by the resour
ces which our commerce throws intobet"
hands.—Were it not for us, ho might,
also hope to add tbe whole wf America
to bis empire, for which he must now*
look in vain ; and such a check asthia
to the ambition of a man of tbe past ot
Napoleon, furnishes the most certain Se
uuqualiied title to his hatred, that a
nation or individual can possibly pro*
In these eatracts we hare the politic
cal character of tbe writer, and adeve
lopemeilt of bis political views ; which
arc to excite a spirit of alarm in the
American people, as tbe only mean" by
which the system of commercial defen
sive policy may be attacked ahd put
The sentiments which are here given,
shew the man to be a monarchist, in the,
extreme of tbe most superstitious extra
vagance—the sacred mystery of this
mantle of royalty and hereditary majesty
are favorite themes. Individual talenta
and greatness of mind have no value ia
his monarchical mind, Divine heredi
tary right, the *• old order of things
which gave tbe rank Of monarch and
emperor to those only who were bom ot*
kings or inherited their blood of this
most splendid uobihty"—■ these are th*
tenets of the instructor and self appoint*
!ed counsellor of a democratic republic,
in which tae total dereliction and ex
tinction of every ideaot hera-'itary title,
or order deriving from any other source
than election and merit, are excluded.
jby tbe fundamental principles of vim
Baltimore, November 17.
The honorable Robert Wright, go
vernor elect, appeared in the Senate
room on Wednesday,and took the qua
lifications of his office. The following
is a copy of his letter to tbe president
of the senate and speaker of tbe house
of delegates, on accepting the appoint*
ANNAPOLIS, Nov. 12,1806.-
Your joint letter of the 10th inst. noti*
fying me of my appointment as the go*
veruor ot the state of Maryland, I re*
ceived by express at my residence in
Chcstertown, at half past twelve o'clock;
on the night of that day.
... ... „ — -. -..-. ~.,J.
1 accept the appointment with pecu
liar gratification, as 1 consider it the
teat of your approbation ot my conduct
in the office of senator of the United
States, which by your appoiutnient J
have held for the last five years, and in
the discharge of the duties whereof I
have Most cordially co-operated with a.
virtuous administration in promoting the
best interests ol our common country,
in repealing such laws as imposed odi
ous and unnecessary taxes 011 our fellow
citizens ; in restoring the natioual judi
ciary to the state it had obtained iv the
time ef our Washington ; in the pur*
chase of Louisiana, and thereby extend*
ing to our western brethren the great
advantages of tbe important port ofj
Orleans, and the navigation of the Mis*
souri with all its tributary streams ; ilk
the measure adopted to acquire the
Florida*, that the American empire
might be consolidated, and a risk of s>
collision with a colony of Spain in
voided l in the cultivation of the arts of
. with all V|i'i' foreign' relations,
. with temper and Rood faith, in uh honest,
neutrality with all belligerent pow
ers, and ivan exact discharge of every
duty linpohyd on us by existing treaties
or by the law ot nations, and in the lac*
r dablo attention that has beets paid i*
: J our native brethren the savage tribes,
is iv luurucuugthcui iv the culture of ihe
1 awl »»j». 4J44

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