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n ti pruiiin, book-, and iu'o in!', I th by pi crept and r if m to pre bloody laueeH, ie te. tender to yourselves and ,'c bodies over which you s of my entire personal and ..f my devotion to principles of the American rcvolu- ; tim , jv the ulood of her patri- j ot-, innu-1 tted on tbe altar of liberty. ! , tf senator in the he United States ; 1 will j . time to-day as v, ,| o your honors, «ud mi with great respect, gentlemen, lient ser r WRIGHT. The honoi den* ■ate. and the fpeak , ...es. Yi< rj of ti.e troduc/ions of the Ter i of Or' an*. (' CONCLUDED ,) Tt now reai.ii CO! I of an id b»rsng r or rotten, plant ■ m - letrhtte I thus i tiie product is il to what may be expected from \i. A sugar plantation of 20 ■-" r"S front on th Mis isslppi, or Bjo acres square, , dwelling a d out houses, sug-tr ir, and the crop ■;, iv oe eHtimated, if between lish Turn, in the county of <)' --ieaiv, md iue upper part of German ..th part, cash, nae ■ i em ere, two and three years, from tiie date oi the purchase, at , ui'-ir.s, without interest, at Dolls 50,000 O Prime negros at 500 dolls. each 30/106 . oi oxen and.horfes, 4000 Total coft 84 oco a Cigar effate well con ducted will make annually 250 ;arj at 3 ptrewt. 20,000 iof tnolaffcs at 15 dob . 2a 400 l Total 22 400 i -luct t! t expences, viz. | l)v ■ will hkewife make 800 enter hired ly lie ye;ir, 360 Maintenance of 00. in addition tbe plantation for* 100 of the fl«v«s, 100 Incidental expeftecs to the mill and » 200 Territorial and other taXCS, 60 Annual lopply oi' . JOU roes, snd Total annual expences, 3,000 ! Net. .lolls. 19.400; This will leave a clear revenue of iii/ - : . .i 1.-r. or about 23 l-10percent. on the cap ral, the major pirt ot which is not difburff.i by the planter till he pay. it out of the T'-venms a riling ■ rty ptirchafed oa cred it. •calculation wou.'lbe fti 11 more advantageous to the pla wer, were he to pur chafe an eftate beyond tbe limics cf Germ an county, in that of At re the lands have been lei'; culti rated, and enjoy all the advantages of the others, except proximity to tiie city The calculations would in that cafe fU:id thus. Tir.l coft of a plantatirn of 20 acre 3 front. dolls 20,000 Cod of ertStiag a better dwell ing houi'e, than that found on the plantation, and a complete fet of fugar works 10,000 ' Stock of cattle, 4,000 Puichafe. of canes to plant and coil of tratifpoi ting tlicm, 4,000 38,000 60 Prime negroes at 500 dolls. each, 30,000 Making in all, 68,000 .. : 1 And as the product would be the famt: as before mentioned it would amount to fom rwh t more than 28 1-2 per cent on the capital. It is here to be remarked, that the plan ter i vi of large fortune, with difburfetneni of about 25C0 dollars ; for h s (agar boilers, utenlils, hire of ma- ; fou-, titers, might in th* cpurfe ft year with the labor of his ! own f] yea put up the whole of the' fugar works. He would likewife fave j thu • xp:'i c of the put-chafe of 3 4 of the ■ cane b tiie planting only as much as would be fufficicnt to furuiib him ' with plants-for iii; next year's work, I in the mean time raile a i til to 00 or 500 dol- j lathe county ol ' i Fourche, a beauti- j ..: UUmehi, for the Space of 25 leagues on both sides of the creek, flowing from the Mississippi to entrance is 25 leagues .. Oi leans, h .' i.ig anexeeilent lenient to the . Ix n ii igable for craft of any size, x months in the year, the cai ~>nnt of the remote.r.tss ol but the lands fully equal, to , pi, would be a lows— t of a plantation of 20 r"-.rcs front, valued at the ' hlghwsl rate, 10,0C0 Cost of buildii.gs, <ui>.<ar work 0 ;, negroe , stock of cattle, plant ing Canes, o;c. as iv the county I of Acadia, 48,000 Making in all, Dolls. 58,000 And yearly product the same, with i the dedu< tion of 400 dollars for expence of transporting the crop to market, i which io this case, the planter must pay, would be equal to near 33 per cent. on ! his capital. How much this interest would be mi i creased, and the capital diminished in j the eys of a planter of Virginia or j Maryland, who instead of valuing his! . negroes at 500 dolls, as I do here, for the sake of presenting things in their ■ worst aspect, would be Induced to va lue them nt what he could get fot them ( at honii', viz, about '80 dolls, and TO morn fof the expence of removing them i to this country—will lie with ii'iin to C'date find determine*,' Independent ef tbe immense profit annually derived from sugar plantations, the planters' who should settle in the count ii p Acadia, Fourche, or lower part of the count/ of OrlearfS, would have the addi tional satisfaction of knowing that their estates were snbually increasing in va- I lac, and thfct nothing would be wanting but the addition of a few more people like themselves' to make them fully best in tha counties of nrin e/>aat or Orleans. In these 1 ist counties the lands from ! their proximity to !\ew Orleans) are j nearer their intrinsic value than in any Other part of the territory, and those who have 1 irge capitals' do well to se cure as great a quantity of tiiem. as \b\r, since nathing thr y can employ tliei money in will afford them a great- ; er benefit—but 1 never can be convin ced, but with a little care and atten tion, every ti?'ful ptirpose Ol'gilt be as n'-wt red with a third less land, and •' v\i:!i a diminution of j the third of the c pital employed in j the purchase. If instead of suffering ! i the cane thrash to be lost, it were col- I I, made Into manure, and spread j • of the lind which is an- j (ft fallow,' these sugar lands, i <-: been cultivated with sue.- I j res- in indigo for 80 ) c irs past, and I produce from 1000 to 1500 lbs of ;• per a err, v- ould tlien give 2000 to , is we have seen instances in : lands with proper care and atten tion. With tbe least attention to firming, there can be but little doubt but the i Louisiana plant! r could itittke the same j i°Utnb( r of hand?, and vM-e ! third of tiie capital em- ' ■ the purchase of his land.— ..i.'tl might be still more 11 i' ed, if instead of m ilnm* Use at his land !■!., win-li seldom or ever , hi;n more than 05 bilshels per acre, be planted it in and bought corn he wanted from the Acadians i >r others who would in that case very .- devote themselves to that branch. ■ have lands to spare, a.ncl general ly making tiie of the plough, would tv l-.e up the quantity of land cukiva it of value in tbe article raised for I lIW'/ l"i •■ . rt. > . I It would not bed to raise a laugh a ; anong strangers jit the e<p i planter , to be informed tint the i:,ne nd leaves, which when the c.me . i-; cot, are thrown over the root-, to pre ' se.-ve them from the frosts, are always royedip the spring tosa'i r the trbu- I collecting them. O.i the appear » .'.nee of ve;;tation, and when nothing further is to be apprehended from ! fronts, we take the earliest opportunity : after a few days (]ry wei lien a I strong wind blows, to set fire to those dry leaves and tops, which entirely co ver fields and fan ly burn the whole of them, that thflef fields, to which ra ture has been so bountiful, may never have a chance of deriving any assistance from what was intended to "'repair the waste sustifned by cultivation. ' The cane thrash (which is the stalk after the j. dec is expressed) leaves and tops if collected and turned to acrqunt, would perhaps he sufficient to manure the land annually planted in crfne, which is one third of the whole quantity rai«edon the estate. The cane", after 1 b< in<£ thrice cut, is ploughed up and replaced with fresh plants, and this sys tem being constantly followed, the whole quantity is replaced eveiy three years. The reason given for not col lecting the thrash, is a want of hands at a season when other work presses ; bo: it oug'it to be recollected th t a smaller quantity of land, if manured, would prod.ice as great a r.rop as is now raised—tin. re would be less capital ne« • ry, and the labor ot the slaves be ■ ing devoted to a smaller portion of ! ground, it would be easier and better ' worked and cultivated. It is however 1 with such a wretched system of farm ! ing that our immense crops are made; for from the first discovery of thiscoun ! try, there never has probably b en an j acre of land manured unless for a gar t\en from one extremity of the territory i to the other. Another considerable diminution of | capital WBuld be made by tbe introduc ; tion of grass 1 seeds, and formation ot : | good pasture grounds. A hUrnber of , [cattle" aw necsssary for plantation work and for th* sugar null, as we have not the advantage of water to turn it, and tnere are few iugar estates where there are not 150 acres devoted to pasturage. VVitl'i ciue cir-j one , third of this land would suffice, as we ( are not under the necessity of laying i up preveedef for tho winter, it being i : then in the vrnnls lark r f th? I plantations, II ly is only made f-.»r the Working cattle, while eniulo ed in ! grinding the caiseyand the roads thro* ; the cane fieih, to allow a pass.ge lor | the cart?., with a little mowed in the I corn field, (where it grows to the great ! nnnovar.ee ef the pi titer) suffices for this-p-.rouse. The. only attempt to in- 1 troduce any thing of this kind, which nature has tint provided, has been made I within a tew years by propagating the ) white clover, which appears early in the spring before other grasses, and came we know not where from. Tins is dune by scattering.! few seeds in tiie win !, and leaving it ,u r terward:s to it ell" to take its chance. In this particular we have an entire reliance on Provi dence, and what it does uct for ks we scorn to do ourselves. ' A good Fain pean farmer with halt our land, would t aise more than we ourselves can, from our whole quantity* his cattle wjuld be better provided f.-r, and the soil, if not ameliorated, would never be made worse by cultivation.— These are truths, however, which our planters hev< r will lesrn, till the coun try becomes more populous, and lands ri&e to such a price as to put it out of the power of people to obtain them with the same facility as at present. They will then see with surprize, that with a little manure and a little knowledge of farming, they will lie able to save near one half of the present capital employ ed in the purchase of their estates, and these remarks, if Intended for the Dutch, Germans oc Knglsh, would have been predicated on tbe supposition that more was unnecessary, unless they in crease their stock of sbives, and conse quently their revenue in proportion.— To avoid however tbe appearance of calculating too favorably,! have 1 the statements on the most disadvan tageous ground ; being intorme 1 that the people of Virginia and Maryland who mny probably be most benefited by a removal to this country* are with res pect to farming nearly on a level with ourselves. A cotton plantation, though not per haps so productive a as blish ment, lias still many advantages. It may be undertaken with success by any number of hands, from 1 to 100—the expences at first are ififttrtg, the 1 \ is light, mid the country in jeuaral, from one extremity to the other, is suited to I it, whereas but a smaller portion of it is 1 adapted to the culture ot c.mc. The j lands therefore require 1 by the cotton j planter arc easy tobe procured, at a ; cheap rate, and nothing but sobriety, ; industry and perseverance are r *qidred jto make him in the cotirte of a kw j years a man of opulent fortune. The expence of a cotton establisb j mrnt on a middling scale tttny be thus ! estimated. CO) acres of land in the Mississippi or Orleans territories almost arty where off the Missi sippi, with dwelling house and gin erected, and a sufficiency ot land cleared to occupy 30 slaves on ta king possession, dolts. 7,000 Jo«Uv*sof different sex< s St .nge S at 400, 12,000 Stock of cattle not only mlS cient to do the needful work but to furnish supplies, viz. lepairoxon at 40 dolls. 400 J lObor'Csrnd mures GO 600 50 cows and calves 16 ;; b" 50 sheep 4 200 Total Cost doll*. 21.000 These negroes will annui'ly raise a crop of cotton of 1000 lbs. r.ach, which valued fit 20 cents, is dolls. 6,000 From which deduct the charg es— An overseer, 4CO Carpenter employed by the year, 300 Medical attendance, 40 Tools, Sec. ICO Clothing, and incidental expen ses, f-00 Freight cf crop to market, 100 Taxes, 25 Total, dolls. 4,70J Which leaves a clear revenue as a bove stated, f 4735 dolls, per annum, arising from the labor of 30 slaves, or an interest of 22 1-2 per cent, on the Capital. It will however strike every one en arqu: in d with the rountry, that the i • of the lands, and the charges are overrated ; that on such an estate there cannot he a necessity of employing a carpenter by the year, and that the own er of such a tang of negroes ought with very little assistance, to be able to con duct them himself, and thereby save j the hire of an overseer or the nnjor ! part of it There are besides, ather advantages which the planter may us confidently calculate on as his crop, vi>*. the increase of his slaves ia a rapid manner as the labor is ; the in crc»se of his stock, which in a few j will enable him from the sale to the other emigrants to pay tho charges cf his es tate ; and the constant rise of the estate it elf, which becomes annually more valuable by the augmentation of popu lation. In the calculation of the price of slaves for a cotton plantation, they are rated less than in the calculation lor a | sugar estate, the reiwclfl is, it is not ne- I cessury they should all be slaves Li the I ■ prime of their age and strength—the ] i labor is lighter, there npghtfobe a grea- j ter proportion of women, and boys and i girls above jt2 are nearly as useful as j the best of ttie: other hind*-, provided ' is but a proportion ofthem'. i The foi egdlng calculation of a cnl estate, is made to shew what it would cost a man of middling circumstances, to fix himself to advantage in a s lion he might prefer—there are many parts of Oter.onnti*v a<* *eTI calculated , 1 for rai bir; cotton where it would cost ! little more than half the sum, and In Iproportinn to bis means, the rich plan- | j-.ter will find th c of his - I lishment diminished, as sm-.1l well situ- I nted tracts of land sell better th in large j ones, and th. expence of building a ! bouse and gin whether on the one or tbe other <s tbe same. To the poor mdußtrio**i<* emigrants witho'it slaver;, or to those who have bnt a small property this country holds out jif possible more advantages than to t ie 1 rich. Such persons must not in any country think of occupying on arrival jthe highly cultivated lands In the i !of the rich settlements—this their cir ■ eumstaoce will not admit ot—they wdl, j however, have a choice of beautiful i lands iv the counties-ef Attakapas, O. ! pelousas, Rapidus, Natchitoches and j j Ouachita in the Orleans territory and on the banks oftheAmbe and ComitQ in the neighborhood of Baton Rouge, at from 2to 4 dollars per ncre, and this On the edge of the settlements with a w»ter communication to New-Orlean;*. In some of these places, as in the A'.ta kapas and Opelonsas, where there is a great proportion of prairie (or natural ' ing) the planter may set the plough to work the day of his arrival—m the others he will have to clear his land, and tho first year he cm expect to do nothing bur. cat down the timber, make fences, raise his provisions, and be pre pared to raise a crep in tha succeeding one. For n. family consisting of a man and bis wife with four children, two of whom at least should be capable of as sisting in the labors of the field, I should suppose the following calculation of the expence of an establishment, and the profits to be expected from it, would be as exact as well could be calculated. Purchase of 200 acres of land, pay ing a third cash, the remainder in one ansi two years without interest Dolls. 600 2 horses 120 6 cons and calves 96 A few bogs and poultry 40 Ploughs, carts and tools 100 Hire if workmen to assist in building a house St. procur ing partof the materials. 200 Provisions end cloathing.for himself and family fo* the first year until he raises his own provisions 350 Dolls. 1306 The total cost of the establishment at the end of the first year, will be there fore 1306 dollars. He is then fixed sod his capital a mount* to the sum before mentioned. In the next year he may expect, if in j dastrioua, to make half ,1 crop of cotton, ! as he cannot in new ground cultivate bis binds otherwise than with the hoe : and j I should therefore estimate it at about 2000 H>«. of cotton in seed per hand for three person** which sol.l to the owners of public gins at bur dollars per 100 weight would Do/furs 240 In the mean time his land is improv- ) ed, bis, cio&riag is* Increased* his house has an addition to It, and he begins tf, j have an idea of the state he is destined to arrive ct with future industry, eco nomy and sobi lety. In tbe .succeeding years he may ex pect to make as much cotton to the hand as any other person in the territory, he wi'l then have paid for his land,-will augment his stock of cattle, and by due j atbni n tubis business, will annually j lav ip a sum till he purchases a gang of si;-res.— lia will then see himself, in stead of heirg a poor forlorn creature ' on the extreme border of population, a respectable and op.ilent planter in the midst o" a rich ami populous settlement, .Such were the. beginning 1 f ninety in a hundred of all the wealthy Inhabitant? oi the Mississippi territory—of Bayou Sa rah, and of the western counties of the territory of Orleans. It may be seen and ought always to be held in mind, that these calcul tions are addressed to the industrious, the sober and the honest poor, and that a perseverance in hab'ts, is indispensable ; for there is perhaps no country in the world where i the idle, thr drunkard, or the profli- j gate of every description so soon bring j 1 themselves to ruin as iv this, and no- j thing can ever be gamed by such c'n.i- ■ j ractcrs by a change of country. To ( emigrants ot every deucriptioo I would j J point out the month of November »8 j I that In which they should endeavor to I I arrive. They will then lie able ti ex- j amine and fix themselves to their satis- j faction before the spring, will have time | enough to provide a comfortable dwel. . i ling to protect their families before the j ! return ef summer, and being by degrees 1 i accustomed to the hot weather, will have ! less to fear by a change of climate, AN AMERICAN. I i FROM The PHILADELPHIA GABETTE or ngv. 17 DISTURBANCES IN HAYTI. A lettef from Alexandria, elated on I Thurfday fall [lutes that Inform i had bce'.i received of a change h taken place in the governinci>t of Hay* J ti. 1 lie particulars which led to this revolution in the black empire, are not I dated, As tir as we can learn, it ap I ] pears, that the Fort Dauphin, not be. ( | ing in gi preparation, was i ] attacked by a party of Spaniards, .vb> I '.ace, and put I I the iohabitarjs odeai.li. Intelligence of ■ I this event fcift ie>>cheu the ears of I CHiriftophe, 1) il'idi'it 'a principal gene >| I r.il He immediately difoatiiit.l a i : iie news to the U ■ la.r, and followed him lei f with all | I ok* expeduioil. On arriving a f [palace Chrlftophe wn- mdiynantly re (iu'edan audience with the Einpe ! !n this dilem iia,he deserViiioe'J, without coiniftl of tiie EmperoV, to inarch to diet*of Fort i) uip'riin ! . r • had j hardly reached this place, when he i was overtaken by Deffalines, when a fcene of great rage and violence enfu ed. Two jrenerals, La Braave and C-ipace, were initantly ordered to be ihat In the confution which followed, D lTn lines received a deadly ihc-t, from whole hand is not underltood. Chrif toplie, it ii added, was declared Liuper or. The Alexandra papers of Friday and Saturday are iileiiton the above iubjecf:, a which confidrraoty difhin* lilies the credibility of the report. We ate informed, that both Capace and Braave, were the d ftinguifhtd favorites ot D<. 11-dines, and had received from him every mark of diftinction ::ni confi dence, it is therefore probable, if the report be true, that tbry Were i .ciitk-d in one of the moments oflavage ferocity to which this inexorable tyrant WaS bi ble. FftOr.l TUB REGISTER, The following article is copied front the American Duly Advertiser of this morning. Tiie Alexandria Daily Ad vertiser cf Saturday,last, mak'jsno men tion of such information being received at that port. It is stated, however, with confidence, in a private letter re ceived i;i this city—the generals l'e tinn and Chiistophe are said to have ta ken the lead in deposing and putting to death the Emperor I). ssaln.es, whom they considered a cruel tyrant. Potion is spoken of as a very able 8c honorable man, mild in his character, and parti* calarly kind in his disposition towards the whites. Christophe was generalis simo under Uissalihes, and commanded, at the Cape. P. EVOLUTION IA HAYTI. By advices from Cape Francois, via Alexandria, information is received, that the Emperor DesWliues, had been assassinated. It appears that, previous to this event, he had ordered tbe gene ral Cupace, at Port tie Paix, and Gen. Brieve, at the Cape, to be shot, winch was oloeved ; several other of his prin cipal officers had also been executed previous to his death. No certain ac counts of the situation of tbe Americana are received, bur. the island is stated to have been In great ferment, Sec. Phtia elfihia, Nov> 18. MIRANDA. Agentkmaii arrived at Huston on the 10th mst: in 22 days from Barbadocs, j 'via th" Viueyr.rd) informs, that he left Miranda at Barbadoes, where he had ■ arrived to seek additional forces, after uusuccessl in Core, Marycai bo and Little Gibraltar. The Barba does papers speak very favorably of; Miranda', pro;- pect s. On Saturday last, the circuit court ofc" t'.ie U. States for this district, holders. by judges Washington and Peters, roses after a session of five weeks. During this session much important civil and. criminal business has been and the court before it rose went com pletely through the docket, not leaving; the smallest motion which was brought before it unacted upon.—Wtien will the same be said of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania ? DEnocß.iric NAnoitAt FasfirAL commemorative o* 'he taking effect s/* the NoN-iai'OßfAflON l*.iw. From thk Aurora, The day was unusn -illy inclement, !c at the previous night had been boiste rous'and rainy, the day continued gloo my and almost forbidding gladness ami festivity. However, as the domocracy has a ye« ry larging sprinkling < f Irish and Ger man materials in its composition, the ! gloom of a Auvemberly atmosphere did I not influence the festivity. j luiiefuir.ee of weather, between two ! hundred and fifty and three hundred I staunch democrats ass- mlded at How i land Smith's Wigwam in the "Northern j Liberties to celebrate the triumpb ot | principle in the district and in the nati ! on. At two o'clock, the artillery com- I minified by captain Powell, announced I the com men Cement of the festival by a j salute from the field pieces brought for i the occasion. ! The Wigwam was fitted up close to ! meet the weather, and it was found ne cessary to add to it the blliard room at I the west end. Two tables, ninety feet in length, were covered with good fare, and as many as could ol tain room, i sat down to dinner, but many were com- I pellet! to take i I the i e. on-i courses — ] The aged 'md infirm wi re not deterred 'by weather from pivttcip 'ing in the ! pleasure of the day, and ii was a truly * gratifying-spectacle to see ;oino of our ' revolution u'v p .ti lots, altho igh bending ' with years, br..vingthe st rrri to he. fore most or* this oca- en, and to partake of • the feafctm sentiment and flow of soul. To render the Wigwam ascomfor as the flay would admit, It was floored and warmed by stoves. At half [i est two o'clock tbe company s; it d ..vn to dinner— Dr. leib presided ■ and M-ss ', Wo'hert, Carson. and Bar Pram officiated as vice premi er dinner the following toasts were j dran!-;. The full band ' ( Longing* to the Republican Greens tr aye a aest to the by appropriate music, jucielotisly ahd spiritedly performed, and the ar\i»