. UOI.T.ANP. This appears :.
toi course. The Pre*
:ii red to fell us wh :t i iea*
mii . and what mea
IS to me ex*
treniVly exceptionable, and may go to
it the v r\ end intended to be an*
awi red by obtaii information de
erred, VVlii re is there any neces i
all tor thi measure at tins time ? Is it
no: the duty of the President to give us
hi, h information at all times as the
sof the country require ? And
have we not reason to repose confi
> ive I, If we have,
thi i roi ol :I n is altogether v-
We have b< en told by the gentleman
from Virgiwia, ..ha if tin measures re
commend last session had been
ouks it would have
a- the country,
all kind ol o in s r Would have
rived. .. how. \ <-r, air. one ot those!
cc in a j
■ r.tle- !
. Noi'lrt i€
ot.i-t ry. ! have reaSOn
:i . ■
tlu- de m |
i Its ; and 1 be- j
li ;:tri wnl I
;.. i the exi
gent v. I I &»*• any v do
II a r'.si li'o: ' this'piarver ; I
■ :'..ar est.ib
.... „t. 'i !■ that Establish
arc to be entertained, in my (minion
they ougW disaffection
oftlv I hopej h>w . ver, that we.
rounds fo i urs at present on
this head. But if there should be any
uirticient to re
ii a. to resist any
danger fi i without.
in Hi from Vu ginia, an d t ty
of the I. ■ mtry 'toes 00l c< n ,»st in the
at ot our iiioe ■ ent, i
am for taking different J
icient.' I am,
vcV, hostile to
a. Th» gentl • Vir
. i Mr. i.ui-we.h has remarked
the lime has cojie when v. c
, lopt i in- proposition. 1 hat
m mar have inform dion wllkh ,
bis opinion. But from the in
formation f possess, 1 think differently,
I believe the President vvill communi
cate to usall the information that is
psary and proper for us to po
an I has ..'at having • ited it in
this instance, ii conclm ive eh
my mind ot the impropriety ot asking
Mr. FINBLEY considered the reao
lutioa as ot sooie Import wor*
thy or consul •*. iti m before it was a
,\ ~..;. . :• " ■ oi ■ moved it-. post-
Mr. BURWIiLL said lie had a
gle remark to make in reply tothe
:, from North Carolina, wlto
hxd intimated that he might be ac
quainted with some circumstances not
in possession of the House, lie i.
leave to tulorm and th.- ti
~ libers of the House, that he was ac
qu limed with no circumstaw
than loose which he had obtained thro'
tho newspapers or from official com uiu.
I. e.al niiS.
m-,:. LLOYD. When this resolutioti
v. ah laid on the table, >t appem
that nobody could tl
itspropriety. For my part, i sliallnot
enter i.ito a consideration ot
auresofthe last session j the propiutj/
or impropriety ol whi-.h are Oi
issue. The only question beloru the
h ,use is tins—is it proper lor this
o, when the country is threatened
won an 1 isir. recti hi or an mv..
when there ts reason to thitik itamtueqt
danger i xists, to-request the in i ■
information, to prevent the injurious
coiiheqnene.es that may ensue, without
the applic .tion of proper remedies I i
have ueard but three objections mad«
to this resolution, neither of wicn
stems to me entitled to the least force,
The first is, that if the resolution be
o to the President, he will con
t a -j- n. bis duty t'. communicate ail the
■cuation in his possession. But
■men w'uoinak taisobj. action sure
ly iian- not attend, d to the language ot
the resolution. Hoes il not expressly
coiiiine the request to tiie communioa-
Hun oi vae'a information as the President
maj hoik proper, and such as may not
it any oa.'.ci.'. be may have in
. j H, ih'in, be has received any
information, which he may derm it im
iei* to communicate,he is authtnir
■ A , ~,„ big ry resolution to withhold
it. i -iiouid a.,ve very little confid
either in tnearMiity ortategrit> of the
executive, if ia contraVtnttoi! oi the
thi* House, levt in direct
hitytothe oojects intended t
answered by t.-.is bequest, lie should
communicate information which i
to be «vHii(i«-1,1. Tha gentle mart from
Marth Carolina (Mr. Alston)"who has
ken of me res"..Union as (
tm executive to communicate inform i
tion m his possession, must, sui
0.'0r... ...eh its discretionary
The gentleman from Penn»yivwuij|
has oba iv o, that the resoluin i
p. ar ito him a*expressive of a w
c.oah ience in me executive,
doctrine of confidence is to be carried to ,
this lengtn, that > ou, who ai ■
di ins Ot the people, shall sit idlfc spec- j
tat -irs of every impending storm,! shall ,
never sUOSCriOe to it. However I may j
, i.:i le in the integrity and wisooin of j
President, 1 owe something to my-|
Belts norcan I sit here merely to I
under executive paLrcnage. i want j
facts ou which to act. It the resolution j
sh il-be adoptee, it will betray uo waut'
oFcor.fhU-r.ee in the fekfecYitjve \ it. will
only manifest the zeal ofthe tjoo
tfiirmutierr, which it istfeccssa*
ry for them to have before tiuycan cc
prepared to act.
Mr. ALSTON. The gentleman
from Maryland says this call on the
executive is necessary. lint wl.
the state of the. case at pit •em t Is it
not the duty of the President,under the
, notion,at all times to giv'esqch in
formation to the legislature, asj
lis may deem necessary and pro
per for them to act upon I And
wiiat is the language of the reso
lution ?—To vive such information as in
i his judgment shall not be. improper?
(in tl dj then, it is not necessa
ry to adopt it. Ba4 subject in
view in which i la tore pvesentedit.
If we call on I ive in this
to give the lu
j form, tioi, called for. i have not p -rii
l esolution, out I question *
! whother 'lie vpialitioation in the fore
I p rt ol i.i applies to the latter part,
■Il refers to the ■
intended to he take"n. try the executive.
j It is clear that some puis of this mfor
mu km may be improper to '
r my part, 1
j such a communication on thi
p>- per,, will he laid before ••
] soon as practicable. On the point or
1 will Bay,*that I am not intlv I bit of
ribin •, to the opinions of an; i
oi men wluti .. i ■ ■•
dependanoe on the opinions of others is
altogether contrary to rtiy habits; but
Ivat if Lo re .
thing ia the possession*d the Prcsid
proper m Ins opinion to be communtca
< d, he would have d himseli
bound to have dummy
tbss day i As i said betorej two or
days may br- stern
m ii, an I m ■•■ ■.
of th conspiracy. Let as wait till
' i,i. ■ 1,, si»i i may th< am
us to c ill on iii-- President fi
formation, i. ;- but a few 1 days since
we have heard from Orleans! there
. r , to exis greatest
cc in the uXecu ive, and a forci
ny IVii cc tlidl ma, be .
jot frppi the upper i Do
we know tl i of this •
tion, or ail the cli ti licated in
it, and win re lliej now are i JU tin.
i" . Mentw'.re to nuki; a communica
on the subject, is it pot proou.a; ,
that if there are auy among us concern
B It tO thus.
interested in making their escaoe,eveo
were it communicated in confidence I
Mat not. the s ifoty of the union depen,
footing it before a. disclosure be
ere be n ■
will :. i ithur mak
and, or, by reti eating, screen
them! iucai ! We
have had, however, I b..'ueve, enough
of confidently I comi lunications ; and 1
we shall no. swop ha v.- any more.
1 for one am r< ady to wait till the Pre
eablc to matte
momentum to,, Ui.s ! i
it, ~ ..•'.;. .'. v : . .. ~ ...iio.i
I] Ibis ease,
it might be proper to sis* tor Informa*
tion. As, however, w< have not been
no called upon, and as th • executive is
the proper on,an for taking i
sary measure-, on tl , the adop
tion of this n solution on our part would
evini to iiiitrii a his
>. s the i ohstitutl o enjoins it
tion i m inie to time,
1 , an onij
under tile imp hi ye not
in hi i (rue the reso
luth ii .- : urioos Ikn
guige—it reqViesti r.nly such inf.
tion as he may deem the public well ie
reqoir is not to • a. But what
is the balance of the information? fox
actty what th" constitution enjoins upon
him lo give. What is the hifertn.ee?
That th ■ President of the U. S. has
not discharged the duties of ms offici ;
th .t he has not done what it w is his
to do ; that lie has been guilty of
<l-iiy; Mi<dth;:ti ohgre* h l 'C,,ici.m.
pelted to tell him he has not done his
duty. Such considerations ought to in
duce us nt least to hesitate o. roi •
pass such obloquy on am brain h of the
..overnnii id. and more especially upon
the President, as the confidence wen >w
ask for him- b merely that reposed In
him by the con*in:tion.
At'the inftaW of Mr. DANA,
the dark read th\ following extracts
from the fourn.ds -d' the Houfe :
« MONDAY 2d January, 1797.
'« Resolved, That t„. prelident of
the United States be regV 3 t e d tocaufe
to belaid before this I IoU r , informa
tion what meal'iircr, have b. en taken
for carrying into effect, the tiWy l>e
tweeii the L T nited Stater, and ti.. \\y
and Regency-oi Algiers! and «ifr»
whether any. and what further lee.'| a .
ti\e aid may be necellary tor that pu»,
■' FRIDAY, 30th March, 1798.
" On a niotion made and l'conded,
that the lioidtdc) iodic Id thefolow
i, That the Proficient of the
United States be requefted to cointnu-
C to this Houfe, the dilp:
from the I I'voys Lxtraoiuioary from
the Uniteo States to the Fr< i h
public, r in his r/iefTage of
'l the nineteenth inflant; or I'uch part;?
i thereof, as cotafideratioiia of public
yand in tc re It, in his opinion, may
•;] •« Ordered, That the confijferation of
the faid motion be poftponed until Mon
, day next."
, j « MONDAY, td April, 1798
" The Houfe proceeded to confider
Lite motion bf the
relative, tothe difpatches ofthe Eu
Extraordinary, from the United Stats
to the French Republic : VV
'• |he laid 11)01101 -d at
the Clerk's tab!e,to read S3 foltoweth !
; ' | of
the United States be requelled to com
municate to ttiis Moufe i feioi s
to, and difpati ..voys
] Extraordinary bom the United States
to the Fr< .! in
j bis n of the nineteenth ultimo^
" The queftioh v.
■ Houfe do agree to the fame, as amend*
ed, and retotv.d in the afnnnat;
Yeas r«5 —Nays 27.'' i
" Mr. A lie.-, from the committee ap I
pointed to pr :i» oft 'to -th
tiie United States, the isolation oi' j
this Houfe relative to t! lions I
to, and diipauditis from the Eu
Extraordinary to the French Repi
reported, that the co una • •"
carding to order | that fcf- '
vice: and that the Pi i limit fignihVd
to them, that he would take the lub*
|ect into his cotilkieratton, »nd do
thereon, what ie fhould ae'Kar to him,
:'hi■ ', . '
>. _ /> ... .. Ai, m> -■! r T I._ I
Kin. G. V\ BELL. I iuuLt-,
(land the queftion to be on poftpeningtba \
coalicleratiou of the reiblutioii till M"ii
da)-. I have never oppofed a rcfol
calling for iliformStioO ill any
v. here ! believed the i:i:
be of any poffible life; nor am J. dii- .
poled to fay that it tl at pre ft; t ne-|
ceiTary to negative thU i . but i
1 do not fee any life ia adopting it at |
this time. I ask what uic is to be;
made of the iniormition the lefolution j
•aio I in muoiUiciag it,
we were told that the country
threatened with, a cdhspiracy. Will
l< men say their objetic
standlifg army to qreii . I
to d until we get a war
establishment? If so, ti.e conspi-
S will have lure to .;> < einpii.-.h
their object, i lru;n j'i-,oi;,
. before they arc ova i ti '.jr.
m«y havi con
ey, it i> at this tiioetiilu-i c nam
Jr. is < o'i- i carri
ed into ef\ et, or th« \ i a its
being ein-cted is de*sroveh\ it ha s
been said, if the d at
tbr last session had be-.li ,;.]-:• : .
(iinii;,' would no« now In menaced
■ I within. 1 cannot conceive the
use of i, , on this otc
such 0b... r< ■-
I >•,•.'. tided at the last ;■■ :■ ■'■' I
to raise a war ..eat, not
m reiy to tnc
c; t .blishment. This wfts
the last year> .--,1 it h..s been declar*
lis year, (ientlemen have said, j
they will not increase the-peaces
lishmeat, but tvill create a%war estab
lishmt nt. What were th« apprehensi-
I the last year, on which j
the proposition of these measures wes'j
louhdedf Has the danger from i s p:*in,
then insisted upon, ' ised? ho,
air, official dot -!l t.s the con
trary. If the rear
last year did not justify it, nothing' has
since intervened to sanction it.
Will the gentleman, who says if we
hadadopted the measures recommend
ed tiie .last session, they would have
averted the dangers \yhich how threa
ten us, tetl us whether there was then
a.ii reason for a] . g thi tn ;
will he say that he then expected tbe.
would at tiiis time have been cai -
ryingon this con 'piracy .' If so, he
purely ought tohive told us of it. 1
am di • believe, that so far as
relates to, this, or atry other combina
tion within pur limits, no standing army
i, i). c.c- ...ry. If we. must ha
dmg army, to put down our own citi
. whenever there is any seriou*
violation ofthe laws, it is high time to
in;,-down our liberties. )f the militia
are incompetent to maintain the p
it is full time to acknowledge the
lity of our political principles. On tti»«
ground n<:ver will i agree to raise a
regular army, to ntcv i our c n citizens.
As far as it depends upon m , it never
snail be said, that We have raised a
regular army to turn their bayonets a
gamstour citizens. If a majority of the
people shall he end) ii ktd man insur
rection they ought not to Decontrolled ;
and if the m .jority shall he on the other
side, they will have power to crm.h
it. il has been stated, on the. ir.tro
diiCn on of this resolution, th, il a num
ber of tne select comuu.-s t- who bro't
in the bid, the President to
raise voumu-t rs, proposed an increase
of the regtil ,r Him. , similar it is added
to tne increase proposed' during the
but eeasion. The tact, however, is
. cbis. Tiie geiitioiiiiin alluded to otter
ed two propositions ; one to add tothe
present peace establishment, which
! was rejected by all the members of the
committee but himself EVen the gen
tVm.iii who introduced the resolution
vie <i •ci ii-i,a rati-n gave hih vote a
• * tais proposed increase of the
peai c «»tabli! b'lient.
Tbei-t- is a bill now before me from
tht; hen.oo, ii, c object ot which is to
.c-uci. establishmeut; and j
this lie g, nl'mmaiis iys is one el the
measures pfbposcrf at thi dou.
i nave, however, alreJtilj that
t i it gentleman wpposeq the proposition
for increasing our pc ii i use tit,
an J yet he informs us th.,
i.-> ib th that pi i
tin creation ot a war i
■ i.m . red il
to Hiuke thesi Cbservatious, b<
th« last session, 1 was opjikwed to i
a army ; and 1 am still opposed to
it unless the public exigencies r |
it. ido not, however, consider uu.
It. iroper to ob-.erve ia.
I* corispimc) has ■
i; i -;, 'ig r colours than thei cis
it h..s !
i stated as dangerous to the anion.
O.i v Thei
dencethat there is in any part of thoU.
.. ; rsons collected -for
tiie ■■■ • carrying it into c I
VVe have not even evidence of this.
that it was report.: d that Ut<
of is v, .:s to m: irh it the Read < i
i.'ea, and that 4p©o bLentuekPans welt j
low. At the same time, •
[ we I
v d measures to cruVh itt £•« ;
1 t'ffotft tUere being 4-000 K'-niuckians
; enlisted, 1 do not bum ye there ate ten,
jm.hs, indeed, the stragglers passing
I through tti.»t state uic hodeaeii.iu.it.
| The gentleman from Pennsylvania has
.vol that the members from the
at, or j
i.c so, of this plot. 1 cannot
; suppose lb
■ member of this House. There isoue
nee on tais ncad worthy of no.
, tae—ttie greater part ot the nun asso*
j elated came from the Eastern country,
I and from the state of the gentleman
[ from Peuas lvaii.a. Vv'itn regard to the
mentis oi rue Western country, /
I believe 1 they Ata us well affected towards
; the Onion as tnose of any other part oi
.i,v>. J do not'conceive
is ground for die alarm iht has
gone forth, 1 am, however, willing-to
i t..ke any proper measures to aid the" Ex
-1 ecu,. lung the plot*
ft !. oSLived by the in
; trooio.tr ot this motiou that the ex
■pi noes attending the military ex
tibn on the Sabine will he tonal to
the c? b it wyuid nave attended
11 p.,: ed ■• the army.
.. i to me that t
or .i mistake, 'i ids expedition
was composed of the t 'gull rfon es aud
live hundred militia, who were
engaged busier a new weeks. The ex
, el the former may have been
■ hal it reused by their movement,
.".nil lite price of provisions ; bui uo ad
uuioual expence has be«:i incurred for
p.i). The cub, imj
expel) arise from ihe militia—
this canuoi be considerable; it will
not be pretended thai it can bear any
■ on i arison with the expeuceSofra
an army of live or ten thousand nucn.
2 cm not disposed to say any thin
.-pi noes -incurred .by the com nun.
oi the army atNewOrleans, as i
am unacquainted widi the subject j
but /presume k cannot bu considera
But, to return to the only question
baft re us, the President hastntormeu us
that there is a the objecuoi
which is to conduGt.a mditary expedi
tion against the territorh . ••■ ■ r-au.
What is the itdormation which we
have since leci ived f Dues il uot go to
the same object? If the Presideut is
convicted from information since
received, ihat the bbjept is a uiflciem
one, is it not most probable that he
would have'so advised us i If the fe
rn formation respecting those mi
plicated be divulged, will it not put
iccrned in it on their giiardj
aid induce them to escape ( This is
Liu. cvii I nppreheml from agreeing to
this resolution, and none, other. Be
lieving, therefore, that the information
B will not enable us to
;t.u.n the hands of the executive,
.11 vote tcr postponing the further -
:oi< oi this resolution until
Monday. Tiie President has aheady
advised us that, he has taken such mea
sures as are calculated to cheek the
expedition, and bring its abettors to
punishment, lie posstssc-s tbe power i»t
calling out the militia if he think
case requires v ; Sad I knew ot no
acis which we can pas:', which can
strengthen the hands of tae executive
more than tiie existing laws.
t\. ant of room compels us to reserve
the remainder of the deoate v v our
ii. Xt paper.]
Mr. J. RANDOLPH spoke again in
support of the resolution, and Mr.
b.vuLilK against it.
. hiPES spoke in favor of it.
vVherjt the question to postpone its
further consideration was.disagreed to
— J\ V '
Mr, J. RANDOLPH again spoke m
Mr. 11iOMAS requested a division
of the resolution at the words « Uni
ted States," and observed that he should
vote in favor ot the first, but against
Mr. EARLY moved to adjourn, |
which motion waslost—jiycs 47—Noes s
Mr. ELMER spoke against agreeing
to either m< inber of the resolution.
Ma. JACK SON declared himself in
favor of the first member of toe reso
lution, but against the second.
Mr. SLOAN spoke against the whole
•< ; declared liini".elf in f i
first member, bul against the
second, as it stood.
~ J. KANm)LPII gave notice that
,: the first member of the resolu
i tion should in- agreed to, he meant to
iV'.u. ALSTON again spoke against
the i . and moved to postpone
;; tiit to morrow ; wnie.li motion
I„.a—Ayes *S— Nbes 68.
Tin re then taken
st mi mber ot tat resoiu
i was agieeato—Yeas lb^J—Noes
.J. RANDOLPH then moyt
t th.; second member of the
.. ion the .void-, "and prop' s, s td
, ' winch >uj agreed to with'
: A .::. I.; ;. Was ret ived 1;
j ftattog that tl dTe&the follow*
'jive 1 di*
1 , A KILL
ment a/ the I ces.
Be it enacted by the Senate or, i
hous lives of the Unite i
I States of .
j peace (
mid :>i a pir<
of the Uni i d and he is .
by authoro ut oi
infantry and one battaljou ol
and tl .. of ir.fa.nviy ihai!
coniilt of the • oi toil.
--! millioncd mui-comruii!..
i' , niuficians, and privates as are
j directed \u the a .1 to which this is a.
fupplemcntij And the faid battalion ef
cavalry, f!;all cpulift ot one major, and
of one adjutant, one quarter in
and one pay ni.'dler (eacn being a lieu
tenant,) one fuigeoi), and four co;
nies ; tacji company id'one captain, one
lieutenant, one comet, one fhsgeaut
major, one. quarter i earn, one
trumpeter, tour fergeants, tour empo*.
rals, one farrier, cue fadlcr, and iixty
four.privates : And ll.all rooreoyei
the difcretioti ofthe Ptelidem oo duty
eithi r or. horfe or on foot.
Sec.-2. be it fu-iher enacted,
That the I fhall be, and he ia
hereby BUthorifed in all cafes ol .
nent danger, -. h n in his opinion tt.ee.,
fence or fafety of the United States
mall require it, to in ere afe tiie number
of men in any 0 t infantry on
the peace eftablifhment to one hundred
See. 3 And be it further enacted,
That fuitable, cloathing-bf provided for
the ca.'a'ry, adapted to the nature of
their feryiCc, and ft* near as may be
of t!it vaJug of tiie clothing allowed to
the infantry and art'.lLry.
C 4. And be it further enacted,
That the coma iilioned officers, non
commifiioned officers, mulicians, and
privates, by this ad directed to be raited,
lhall be entitled to receive the lame
pay,emoluments, and bounty, as are
allowed to the troops now in the iervice
ol the United State*, and they fliall
■be g-verncd by the rules and aitides of
war, which have been, or may be by law
The House adjourned at half past 5
Other business was transacted which
a want of room prevents us from notic
ing to day.
.Extract to the editor, dated Orleans t
Dec. 6, J 806.
<l The utter uncertainty of receiving
any thing by the medium of the post
office, induces me to request yon will
forward the. Aurora to me by every, opi»
portunity that offers by sea.
« Commodore Shaw has purchased
the schooner Range*), and she is now
arming and manning tor immediate ser
vice. The recruiting ha* alio com
menced briskly fo> this, and, (it is said)
for other purposes !
« On Thursday last (December 1)
the Charlotte schooner arrived hero
with arms and other warlike stores.
Since the arrival of Gen, Wilkinson
here, 1 understand he has given in
structions for repairing all the old mili
tary works, and the construction ot
pickets round the city ; i n a word, to
put the city in as good a military state
as it is susceptible. VVe know not the
cause ot these preparations, they are
the subject of much and very contra t
Has received bu the slopfi Olive JJranch
and other Conveyance*.
M ADMAA ;.nd Lifbrti Wine, Cognise
Brandy, Apple, do. Ar.tigua R„ m>
country, do. V.'hilkcj, Gin, Molaflcs, lo>pcrnl,
Old Kyfon, Young Kyioa, and Foouchong
tea*, cable Salt in Br.skets, tapers, Cloves,
Mace, Cinnanion, Nutmegs, Aifpke, ground
Ginger, Btsfch, Almonds, Uailim, warranted
Chocolate, London refined Salt I'etre, Coffee,
Pearl Barley, Rice, Pepper, fig Blue, Divon'a
Philadelphia McfWd, Q*yc&o« Pepper,
Lump, Loaf and Brown Stagers, fre*i and
fjiked Batter, Windfor fhaving I'oap, Eagle
KGnnpoWcW in caniftors of one pound each
and of a very fuperior quality, genuine tfpanifh
Scgars and Deni jchni with a neat felcdtion of
Dry Goods, Gials and Crockery Wsrc,
which he is idling as uliul at the molt rz
d*c?d prices at "his ftore South B ftrcc: near
Janu-ry 19— tawsw
CHARLES li. VARDEN,
New Jersey Avenue, near the Capitol*
t ESPKCTPUIJLY infoims the peurlcmen
of the diftrid of Columbia, he ha» imported
by flur> Ettas ANN lately arrived at Pfclla
A choice atiortmcnt
Of Bitra Buperfii • cloths, rennet?, Velvets,
i, .'s, OfttSoK; c«, fiuglc and Jou'.*'; milled
Sittie • « pattiih Oika.
. ts. .»■ .;f iilk Moitikin Velvets, Dlkand
fattio Ftetrndnea, rtith a variety of other
irtf«.i for the fe.,ion
N. B. Ludier Vibita reginrt«ntah 2nd navy
Uniforms tttadViu the ddl fti c o 'h,!,i..n.
kifhtr.i ••inrwrl h celebrated patent pars!*
j 'el t'ufptnderf, can be lid pa the ianu tc>m»
as at !. h ry,
• No*euiU-r x»—tf
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