Newspaper Page Text
Ject, and he appeared to hive lengthy i
i.hi hand. Mr. I' we ciid not Claim the priuci- j i proper-j iy, and therefore be had thought that j tlie gentleman from Connecticut, usu ally candid, was bringing a point into •view which was not a matter ofcon h__,_*_r. D. said he did not know that he should have noticed the sub ject, were it not that opinions some limes obtained but from the confidence • which they were advanced ; and ir. the late Flinch papers there were some, positive declarations which id. He intormed the gentleman fronts. Carolina that he had no notes except respecting the regu lations of difl'erer.t nations as to sea men. The great controversy as he understood related to the principle of impressment, iind therefore he had noticed it, intending to draw a distinc tion between a war vindictive and a resistance to unjust pretensions. But as respects all the points in con ersy with any European power, said Mr. D. this thing is to be observ ed : that the controversy relates to maritime rights. And how arc we to maintain ihom ? By lie-lit dragoon", on land? Your contest is maritime, and you surrender the whole. It re- ! latcs to rights existing in time of, European war, and yen renounce ; ihem all. Gentlemen say we have northing to do on the subject of the ex- j traordinary claims of the belligerents, I except war, submission, or embargo. I ask if there exists one point in Con troversy-, out which is attendant on ' a. state ef war ? And now, so long as; war exists, you renounce your rights, j assert them in words, and re- I lioutice them in practice. What more can any of these powers desire ? You do not exercise a singe right ; where they dispute. You have no j dispute with them, for you have giv- j etrthem every thing. Can it then bej supposed that they v ill follow us to! our retreat? Let us look at Britain, , and sec what are her means. The j British island?, with a popula tion of 15 millions of people have to withstand the population of combined nations—a force wielded by one of the most indefatigable conquerors, whose genius is vast, whose ambition E at boundless as his genras, and whose resentment is implacable. Let us see then whether Britain •danced as to attack us. You will recollect that forty millions are sub jected to the British p*a#ev ill India, and held in subordination to the Bri tish power only by means of British idvee ; and this is no easy task. She has various garrisons scattered on the ocean, in positions which are necessa ry to strengthen her maritime power. She has a position not only on the southern point of Asia but of Africa ; where she can look from cue position both oceans ; also a position on out hern point of Europe, whence she looks into the Atlantic and the Mediterranean. These positions it is necessary for her to maintain, being n'.ially connected with her mari t)t ie greatness. Recollect ho Iy she is attached to the Indies and her colonies in this country and other parts of the globe, which she is dis 'l to maintain by an active force. P.ecollect the constant supplies which she must keep up. Recollect that she ran call to her assistance none of those powers which have heretofore .1 or been employed by her. And where can she attack the U. S. on their own Soil ? She would come here but to be defeated. I ask nota bout her justice; 1 ask whether it would be her interest ? What are her means with which successfully to invade us ? Her population is imt a deqnatc to that object. I will admit, if gentlemen are disposed to sny so, ih.it she has a rising jealousy of us a« a maritime power; but (E Britain would be short sighted in the ex treme were she to interrupt us while we ourselves are taking sorb cflica means for prostrating all the na : ing interest of our country. Your merchants, ships, and seamen are unemployed. The stoics from the country are lyir.g without purchasers. These are indications m that it is not i for <d. Britain to attempt any thing against us on that score. In sooth there appears to be somewhat of an inconsistency between the system of this bill and the policy of tire embargo. If I understand that measure, it is one which supplies tier place of every other—as to pro tection our im ile shield; as to annoyance of others, our invincible I spear. The next gui whether we E "ant this force to contend ;.gainst j Prance. The' Executive of the U. t S. has not told US that it is for this ..,e ; although f admit that our : territorial oiitrovcrsies with Spain, a.' ■i of Erance, is one of Jjhe great- ' f est arguments in favor of the pill, ] and bad almost staggered me in I vote which I shall give. I have no expectation that this force is meant I , for France, because the Executive of I the U. S has not told us that we want | a force for that purpose. The question then is not whether jwe will maintain the public liberty of this nation, not whether we will bow our free necks to a foreign yoke. On this point every act we have perform ed answers at once. But it is a ques tion on the best mode of employing our means. 'Phis army will cost about two millions annually. Whether this money may not be better occupied is . worthy of enquiry. lam willing that gentlemen should lake as many men as : they want for the western country ; it is correct, liberal and fair that the frontier should be well defended. As respects surplus money, i would pre r ferthat all that portion which is not [ wanted should be expended for forti- I ficatioii-, which once erected would ■ be useful without any farther expence. i As re.pects levying these troops for fortifications, I have no idea of it; for . if they are lor that purpose, they had , better be; artillerists than infantry; . certainly better than dragoons, i It is said that this army might be » useful as a military school. I ac i knowledge in considering this, it is , far from my wish to place my own . j opinion in competition with that of f. my colleague (Mr. Tallmadge) fori : ' find on record testimonials in his fa i j vor which it would not become me to .j question. I shall therefore not dis , I putc his opinion as a soldier of honor, . but refer myself to him, and ask whe . I ther this is the best mode of making ' a military man. 1 will agree that if ; ; the officers to be appointed for these 6000 men were to be employed in the . i recruiting service, although it would : not render them officers, it might ' I teach them the address for which scr l ■ geanl Kile was distinguished. When >• I recollect that all arts are now • | brought in to the aid of war, I am ; i willing to admit that the art of war is i j extremely arduous. If gentlemen , are disposed to have a military school i in which gentlemen shall be taught ■ the science of war, I am willing to Q« » gree to any method which my col l league shall say is best adapted to this f purpose. I should be willing to train , men to command in an army not of i 6000 men, but of a much larger num -1 her if it should become necessary. t j But as il respects this force I do not - J see how it can be employed. If the 1 state of the world be neither peace . nor war, what is our course ? A , state of preparation in which we may - form skilful officers. Strength, acti i vity and courage we have. Science 5 and knowledge ol military tactics we » want. And lam willing to agree to . any mode for acquiring them ; but . certainly this bill docs not propose it. ; ; (debate to be continued.) > j —*.—"■_'_' , " , ' ■ -« ■■ — 1 F'iRTY DOLLARS REWARD. 1 "R AN AWAY cm Sunday the lO'.h ; _\ ult. at Alexandria, from th-hOn. • .-lerm-idttke Williams, memher ofCon -5 £ress for N. Carolina, negro Joe Key, r i who formerly belonged to Dr. Thorn o-i Of the city of Washington. Joe is about 5 feet 6 inches high, very active aid strong, a little how legged, and ■ (■ mbs his wool very high h> fore. He ' hAd on a round dark grey jacket, a - striped swanskin waistcoat, and dark blue pantaloons, all with white metl ( battens; light blue and wmte mixed half stockings; a hat and shoes, all ~ new. Whoever will lodge him in any ja<l, ' or secure him so that ha cm be had I igain by hi« master, sh 11 receive the i above reward and reasonable expences . by application to the printer hereof. , City of Washington, May 16—3t District of Columbia, Washington county, to wit. ON the petition of WILLIAM COA r AER an insolvent di btor , confined in the prison of Washington county aforesaid tor dtb"—Notice is her.by given to the creditors . f the said Willium Conner, that on Monday 1 the 23d inst. at the court ruom in th-r Capitol, at the hour of 9 o'clock \. v. i the eath pre: scribed hy the act of Con s entitled, **Aii act for ihe relief . of insolvent debtors within the district ol Columbia," will be administered lo the li.id Conner, and a trustee appoint ed, unless 9_fj_ci.ht cause b- then and there shewn to the contrary. It is ordered that this notice be pub lished in the National Jntelligcnctr, three times bufare 'ha*, clay. By order order of tb< honorable Win. Cratch, ear*, chief judge of the circuit court of th. district of Columbia. Wm. HRENT, Clk. May 16—_t This is To give Nona That the subscriber oi St. Mary's county, hath obtained from the Orphan.-i j court of St. Mary's county in Maryland, I letters otl idinmistrßtion on the personal j estate i f Dr. John Hceder, late of th> county aforesaid, deceased ; all persons hivi' against the said dec are hereby warned to exhibit the same '■ ith the vouchers thereof, to th*** .üb r b"t re the I.sth day of JS'o >er next ; they may otherwise oy ,r exclu led fram all benefit of th ■ satd estate. Given under my hand this 15th day cf May eighteen hundred and eight. JOSEPH HARRIS, Admr. May I_—w3tn. WASHINGTON CITY. MO A DAY, MAY Id. I At a meeting of the principal stock-holders in the Commercial Company at Stelle's Hotel, it was a d to recommend the following gentlemen as Directors. At this meeting, a praiseworthy harmony, and superiority to local prejudice pre i' vailed. This circumstance is men . tioned as an honorable evidence of the ; conciliatory feelings of the citizens in . the Eastern section of the union, [ who, although possessed of a great . majority of the stock, agreed to take ■ an equal number of Directors from • each side of the Tyber. E SOUS P. VAN NESS, TIIOS. TINGEY, il C W. COLDSBOROUGII, PETER MILLER, n JOS. FORREST, A J AS. CASSIN, f JOHN M'GOWAN, ADAM LINDSAY, . I ALEX. KERR, , I WM. PROUT, TIIOS. H. GIEEISS, JAMES D. BARRY. At a public meeting of a number f of the stockholders of the Washington ; Commercial company, held on the i ; 14th instant, near the Navy Yard, it [ was resolved, that the following ticket : \ be supported for directors : i TIKEVIAS TINGEY, JOHN P. VAN NESS, I J AMES CASSIN, , CDS. W. GOLDSBOROUGH, I JAMES D. BARRY, ! JOSEPH PORE EST, J A M ES S. STEVENSON* ALEXANDER KERR, PETER MILLER, ; SAMUEL N. SMALLWOOD, , JOHN M'GOWAN, f ADAM LINDSAY. t j ELECTIONS. The latest federal J ! prints received from Aew-York, ab i ! stain from further exultation. Their l ' warm hopes have been nipt by an un *'■ timely northern frost; and there is -1 good reason to infer that the region of j ' delusion has been circumscribed by ; ; much narrower limits than those as i ' signed it. The result of the electi t ons is not accurately ascertained. But .' the Citizen computes the republican majority in the Senate at 16, and in the House of Representatives at 22, e ven throwing the quids into the fode , ralscale. In Massachusetts the Chronicle . I says—" Tn 80 towns, which is all we , have heard from, the whole number '* of republican representatives chosen |j to the next General Court is EIGIE | TV-ONE, and the federalists have forty-eight only." The Democrat calculates on a republican majority of ; eighty in the House of Reprcenta- I tives, and says, that owing to there 1 being no choice of Senators in Cum berland, the federalists have not a majority in the Senate. In Rhode-Island, Governor Fenner, . a republican, is re-elected, and we i believe the complexion of the legis lislature continues republican. Extract from a late letter, dated Lon don, February 13, 1808. " I am to return you my acknow ledgment for you. obliging favor of the 2nd December, communicating an important measure taken by the le gislature on the clay preceding. Altho' j its effects would be first deeply felt at home, yet violent as the remedy may ' he, it was perhaps the only one in our i power, and therefore preferable to the I ultima ratio. Have the American people firmness or virtue enough to support their government in it, or pa tiently to endure its inconveniences? Is a question asked by many and doubted by most persons here, where our numerous enemies consider it as one of our war-measures, while the smnller number of friendly minds, or cooler heads look upon it as a prudent choice of the lesser of two evils. To tell you that the sentiment of this peo ple and of its administration is gene rally hostile to us, were only to re i peat a hackneyed truism, already well known to you. While it is admitted that our hostility might press severe ly on certain interests, they afi'ect to hold il cheap, and to think, that in case of a contest, they would have an easy bargain of us." " 'Phis government is determined to put itself en mesure by augmentfi-g the force destined for America, so far as to render it, say the govern ment writers," greater than the whole disposable force oi' the Americans, and competent to inflict immediate de-1 struction upon their maritime towns." : It is understood that the naval force I will likewise be much encreased." Letter of Messrs. Monroe and Pinkney, to Mr. Madison—Treaty Continued. Art. 3. His majesty agrees, that the vessels belonging to the U. S. of America, and sailing direct from the ports of the said states, shall be ad mitted and hospitably received in all the sea-ports and harbors of the Bri tish dominions, in the East-Indies; and that ihe citizens of the said U. S. may freely carry on a trade, between the said territories and the said U. S. in all articles of which the importation or exportation respectively, to or from the said territories, shall not be en | tirely prohibited : Provided only, That it shall not be lawful for them, in any time of war between the British j government and any other power, or j state whatever, to export from the ! said territories, without the special ! permission of the British government j there, any military stores, or naval I stores, or rice. The citizens of the j U. S. shall pay lor their vessels, when J admitted into the said ports, no other i or higher tonnage than shall be payable j on British vessels, when admitted into j the ports of the U. S. And they I shall pay no higher or other duties, ior charges on the importation or ex < portation of the cargoes of the s?id vessels, than shall be payable on the same articles, when imported or ex ported in British vessls. But it is ex ■ pressly agreed, that the vessels of the U. S. shall not carry any of the . articles exported by them from the : said British territories, to any port or j place, except to some port or place in ! j America, where the same shall be un-' i laden, and such regulations shall be p adopted by both parties, as shall, from time to time, be found necessary to , enforce the due and faithful obser vance of this stipulation. It is also understood, that the per-' mission granted by 'his article, is not I ( to extend to allow the vessels of the ,U. States to carry on any part of the ■ j coasting trade of the said British ter- I ; ritories ; but the vessels going with ' ; their original cargoes or part thereof, } [ from one port of discharge to another,; ar_ not to be considered as carrying j ,on the coasting trade. Neither is this article to be construe! to allow , the citizens of the said States to set-' • g tie or reside within the said territories, j . or to go into the interior parts there- ' of, without th [on of the Bri tish goverrijmenj,, established there: & if an) ■uld be at j tempted again i la! Nt of the t British goveri thisr peel, the observance of the s ■ -~ jliall and may , be enforced against the citizens of Ameiica, in the same nr ..ier as , against British subjects, 01 i transgressing the same rule. And , the citizens of the U. States, when ever they arrive in any port or har bor in the said territories, or if they should be permitted in manner afore said, to go to any other place therein, • shall always be subject to the laws, go vernment, and jurisdiction of what ever nature, established in such har bor, port or place, according as the same may be. The citizens of the I i L T . States may also touch for refresh - ment at the island of St. Helena, but subject in all respects, to such re gulations as the British government may, from time to time establish there. Art. 4. There shall fyc, between all I the dominions of his majesty in Eu and the territories of the U. S. a reciprocal and perfect liberty of commerce and navigation. The peo ple and inhabitants of the two coun tries respectively shall have liberty, freely and securely, and without hin drance and molestation, to come with i their ships and cargoes to the lands, countries, cities, ports, places, and [ rivers, within the dominions and ter ritories aforesaid, to enter into the same, to resort there, and to remain and reside there, without any limita tion of lime ; also, to hire and possess housesand warehouses for the purpo ses of their commerce ; and general ly, the merchants and traders on each side, shall enjoy the most complete protection and security for their com merce, buf subject always, as to what risspi .rticle, to the laws and statutes of the two countries respec tively. Art. 5. It is agreed that no other! or hi giver duties shall be paid by the ' ships or merchandize of the one par* [ ty, in tfte ports of the other, than j such as are paid by the like ve-sels or merchandize of all other nations. Nor shall any other or higher duty he im posed in one country, on the impor tation of any articles, the growth, pro duce, or manufacture of the other, ' than are or shall he payable on the importation of the like articles, being of the growth, produce, or manufac ture of any other foreign country. i j Nor shall any prohibition be impo.v jed on the exportation or importation of any articles, lo or from the terri tories of the two parties respectively, ■which shall not equally extend to ; It other nations. But the British go vernment reserves to itself the right: of imposing on American vessels, en tering into the British ports in Eu rope, a tonnage duty equal to that which shall at any time be payable by British vessels, in the ports of Ame rica ; and the government of the U. States reserves to itself a right of im posing on British vessels, entering in to the ports of the U. States, a ton nage duty equal lo that which shall at any time be payable by American ves sels in the British ports in Europe. It is agreed, that of the trade in the two countries with each other, the same duties of exportation and im portation on all goods and merchan dize, and also the same drawbacks 8. bounties shall be paid and allowed in either country, whether such impor tation or exportation shall be in Bri tish or American vessels. Art. 6. The high contracting par ties not having been able to ar-ange at present by treaty any commercial in tercourse between the territories of the U. States and his majesty's islands and ports in the W r Indies, agree, that until that subject shall be regulat ed in a satisfactory manner, each of the parlies shall remain in the com plete possession of its rights, in re spect to such an intercourse. Art. 7. It shall be free for the two contracting parties respectively, to ap point consuls for the protection of trade, to reside in the dominions and territories aforesaid, and the said con suls shall enjoy those liberties and j rights which belong to them, by rea j son of their function. But before any consul shall act as such, he shall be in the usual forms approved and ad mitted by the party to whom he is i sent. 7\nd it is hereby declared to be ( lawful and proper, that in case ofille ' gal or improper con;!act towards the ' laws or government, a consul may ! either be punished according to law, ( if the laws will reach the case,, or be i dismissed, or even seiu back, the of \ fended government assigning to the other the reasons for the same. Either of the parties may except ! from the residence of consuls, such i particular places rs such party shall judge proper to be so excepted. (Treaty to ba continued.J Gen. Momuu arrived at Charles ton from Savannah en Monday even ing the 2d inst. General Ga'idanxe, a very much distinguished < fficef' under Bonaparte, in Italy and Germany, has aclir lly arrived in Persia, and has been receiv ed at the Duri ~rof Shah Euth All, in a manner so unusual and distinguish ed, as to leave no longer any doubt of an it in ded upeiatiotj in Asia, which, whether they are likely to Succeed wholly or not c emei at Hast but pro duce- very serious consequences to the British power in Hindustan. The world is generally ignorant of ihe ma terials for war and revolution planted • in Asia. Aurora. In this paper of Monday we stated the following fuel : " The ship Ac tive, belonging to diis port, with v cargo of salt from St. Übes, returning home was captured and carried into Falmouth, and has been condemned vessel and cargo" under ihe late Bri lish orders in Council. This fact and that two other ships under similar circumstances are detained in British ports, has been well known at the cof fee house for several days, yet it has never appeared on the coffee house books, notwithstanding its importance demanded an immediate insertion: Further these facts have not been pub lished in any Federal paper in this city. I lad the French government cap.* lured and condemned an an Am can vessel and cargo under the Milan decree it would instantly have been placed on the coii'ee house books and published with countless remarks in the Federal papers. This partiality, this withholding of facts from the citizens, this back of the. nutlet ials upon which _» lone correct opinions as to the conduct qf the belligerents toward this coun try, can be formed, is an endeavor to hoodwink the people which merits the severest reprehension. The fe deralists are fond of trumpeting forth the cry of French influence but tl conduct is infinitely more conclu sive of British influence. The A rican government has wisely d mined on a strict and dignified neu trality, and it is the duty of all its cE tizens to assume the seme Attitude. Bcniocru'ic P.