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The national intelligencer and Washington advertiser. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1800-1810, May 16, 1808, Image 2

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Ject, and he appeared to hive lengthy i
i.hi hand. Mr. I'
we ciid not Claim the priuci- j
i proper-j
iy, and therefore be had thought that j
tlie gentleman from Connecticut, usu
ally candid, was bringing a point into
•view which was not a matter ofcon
h__,_*_r. D. said he did not know
that he should have noticed the sub
ject, were it not that opinions some
limes obtained but from the confidence
• which they were advanced ; and
ir. the late Flinch papers there were
some, positive declarations which
id. He intormed the
gentleman fronts. Carolina that he had
no notes except respecting the regu
lations of difl'erer.t nations as to sea
men. The great controversy as he
understood related to the principle of
impressment, iind therefore he had
noticed it, intending to draw a distinc
tion between a war vindictive and a
resistance to unjust pretensions.
But as respects all the points in con
ersy with any European power,
said Mr. D. this thing is to be observ
ed : that the controversy relates to
maritime rights. And how arc we to
maintain ihom ? By lie-lit dragoon",
on land? Your contest is maritime,
and you surrender the whole. It re- !
latcs to rights existing in time of,
European war, and yen renounce ;
ihem all. Gentlemen say we have
northing to do on the subject of the ex- j
traordinary claims of the belligerents, I
except war, submission, or embargo.
I ask if there exists one point in Con
troversy-, out which is attendant on '
a. state ef war ? And now, so long as;
war exists, you renounce your rights, j
assert them in words, and re- I
lioutice them in practice. What
more can any of these powers desire ?
You do not exercise a singe right ;
where they dispute. You have no j
dispute with them, for you have giv- j
etrthem every thing. Can it then bej
supposed that they v ill follow us to!
our retreat? Let us look at Britain, ,
and sec what are her means. The j
British island?, with a popula
tion of 15 millions of people have to
withstand the population of combined
nations—a force wielded by one of
the most indefatigable conquerors,
whose genius is vast, whose ambition
E at boundless as his genras, and
whose resentment is implacable. Let
us see then whether Britain
•danced as to attack us. You will
recollect that forty millions are sub
jected to the British p*a#ev ill India,
and held in subordination to the Bri
tish power only by means of British
idvee ; and this is no easy task. She
has various garrisons scattered on the
ocean, in positions which are necessa
ry to strengthen her maritime power.
She has a position not only on the
southern point of Asia but of Africa ;
where she can look from cue position
both oceans ; also a position on
out hern point of Europe, whence
she looks into the Atlantic and the
Mediterranean. These positions it is
necessary for her to maintain, being
n'.ially connected with her mari
t)t ie greatness. Recollect ho
Iy she is attached to the Indies and
her colonies in this country and other
parts of the globe, which she is dis
'l to maintain by an active force.
P.ecollect the constant supplies which
she must keep up. Recollect that
she ran call to her assistance none of
those powers which have heretofore
.1 or been employed by her. And
where can she attack the U. S. on
their own Soil ? She would come
here but to be defeated. I ask nota
bout her justice; 1 ask whether it
would be her interest ? What are
her means with which successfully to
invade us ? Her population is imt a
deqnatc to that object. I will admit,
if gentlemen are disposed to sny so,
ih.it she has a rising jealousy of us
a« a maritime power; but (E Britain
would be short sighted in the ex
treme were she to interrupt us while
we ourselves are taking sorb cflica
means for prostrating all the na
: ing interest of our country. Your
merchants, ships, and seamen are
unemployed. The stoics from the
country are lyir.g without purchasers.
These are indications m that
it is not i for <d. Britain to
attempt any thing against us on that
score. In sooth there appears to be
somewhat of an inconsistency between
the system of this bill and the policy
of tire embargo. If I understand
that measure, it is one which supplies
tier place of every other—as to pro
tection our im ile shield; as
to annoyance of others, our invincible I
The next gui whether we E
"ant this force to contend ;.gainst j
Prance. The' Executive of the U. t
S. has not told US that it is for this
..,e ; although f admit that our :
territorial oiitrovcrsies with Spain, a.'
■i of Erance, is one of Jjhe great- ' f
est arguments in favor of the pill, ]
and bad almost staggered me in I
vote which I shall give. I have no
expectation that this force is meant I
, for France, because the Executive of
I the U. S has not told us that we want
| a force for that purpose.
The question then is not whether
jwe will maintain the public liberty of
this nation, not whether we will bow
our free necks to a foreign yoke. On
this point every act we have perform
ed answers at once. But it is a ques
tion on the best mode of employing
our means. 'Phis army will cost about
two millions annually. Whether this
money may not be better occupied is .
worthy of enquiry. lam willing that
gentlemen should lake as many men as
: they want for the western country ; it
is correct, liberal and fair that the
frontier should be well defended. As
respects surplus money, i would pre
r ferthat all that portion which is not
[ wanted should be expended for forti-
I ficatioii-, which once erected would
■ be useful without any farther expence.
i As re.pects levying these troops for
fortifications, I have no idea of it; for
. if they are lor that purpose, they had
, better be; artillerists than infantry;
. certainly better than dragoons,
i It is said that this army might be
» useful as a military school. I ac
i knowledge in considering this, it is
, far from my wish to place my own
. j opinion in competition with that of
f. my colleague (Mr. Tallmadge) fori
: ' find on record testimonials in his fa
i j vor which it would not become me to
.j question. I shall therefore not dis
, I putc his opinion as a soldier of honor,
. but refer myself to him, and ask whe
. I ther this is the best mode of making
' a military man. 1 will agree that if
; ; the officers to be appointed for these
6000 men were to be employed in the
. i recruiting service, although it would
: not render them officers, it might
' I teach them the address for which scr
l ■ geanl Kile was distinguished. When
>• I recollect that all arts are now
• | brought in to the aid of war, I am
; i willing to admit that the art of war is
i j extremely arduous. If gentlemen
, are disposed to have a military school
i in which gentlemen shall be taught
■ the science of war, I am willing to Q«
» gree to any method which my col
l league shall say is best adapted to this
f purpose. I should be willing to train
, men to command in an army not of
i 6000 men, but of a much larger num
-1 her if it should become necessary.
t j But as il respects this force I do not
- J see how it can be employed. If the
1 state of the world be neither peace
. nor war, what is our course ? A
, state of preparation in which we may
- form skilful officers. Strength, acti
i vity and courage we have. Science
5 and knowledge ol military tactics we
» want. And lam willing to agree to
. any mode for acquiring them ; but
. certainly this bill docs not propose it.
; ; (debate to be continued.)
> j —*.—"■_'_' , " , ' ■ -« ■■ —
1 "R AN AWAY cm Sunday the lO'.h
; _\ ult. at Alexandria, from th-hOn.
• .-lerm-idttke Williams, memher ofCon
-5 £ress for N. Carolina, negro Joe Key,
r i who formerly belonged to Dr. Thorn
o-i Of the city of Washington. Joe is
about 5 feet 6 inches high, very active
aid strong, a little how legged, and
■ (■ mbs his wool very high h> fore. He
' hAd on a round dark grey jacket, a
- striped swanskin waistcoat, and dark
blue pantaloons, all with white metl
( battens; light blue and wmte mixed
half stockings; a hat and shoes, all
~ new.
Whoever will lodge him in any ja<l,
' or secure him so that ha cm be had
I igain by hi« master, sh 11 receive the
i above reward and reasonable expences
. by application to the printer hereof.
, City of Washington, May 16—3t
District of Columbia, Washington
county, to wit.
ON the petition of WILLIAM
COA r AER an insolvent di btor
, confined in the prison of Washington
county aforesaid tor dtb"—Notice is
her.by given to the creditors . f the
said Willium Conner, that on Monday
1 the 23d inst. at the court ruom in th-r
Capitol, at the hour of 9 o'clock \. v. i
the eath pre: scribed hy the act of Con
s entitled, **Aii act for ihe relief
. of insolvent debtors within the district
ol Columbia," will be administered lo
the li.id Conner, and a trustee appoint
ed, unless 9_fj_ci.ht cause b- then and
there shewn to the contrary.
It is ordered that this notice be pub
lished in the National Jntelligcnctr,
three times bufare 'ha*, clay.
By order order of tb< honorable Win.
Cratch, ear*, chief judge of the circuit
court of th. district of Columbia.
Wm. HRENT, Clk.
May 16—_t
This is To give Nona
That the subscriber oi St. Mary's
county, hath obtained from the Orphan.-i
j court of St. Mary's county in Maryland,
I letters otl idinmistrßtion on the personal
j estate i f Dr. John Hceder, late of th>
county aforesaid, deceased ; all persons
hivi' against the said dec
are hereby warned to exhibit the same
'■ ith the vouchers thereof, to th*** .üb
r b"t re the I.sth day of JS'o
>er next ; they may otherwise oy
,r exclu led fram all benefit of th ■
satd estate. Given under my hand this
15th day cf May eighteen hundred and
May I_—w3tn.
I At a meeting of the principal
stock-holders in the Commercial
Company at Stelle's Hotel, it was a
d to recommend the following
gentlemen as Directors. At this
meeting, a praiseworthy harmony,
and superiority to local prejudice pre
i' vailed. This circumstance is men
. tioned as an honorable evidence of the
; conciliatory feelings of the citizens in
. the Eastern section of the union,
[ who, although possessed of a great
. majority of the stock, agreed to take
■ an equal number of Directors from
• each side of the Tyber.
At a public meeting of a number
f of the stockholders of the Washington
; Commercial company, held on the
i ; 14th instant, near the Navy Yard, it
[ was resolved, that the following ticket
: \ be supported for directors :
t j ELECTIONS. The latest federal
J ! prints received from Aew-York, ab
i ! stain from further exultation. Their
l ' warm hopes have been nipt by an un
*'■ timely northern frost; and there is
-1 good reason to infer that the region of
j ' delusion has been circumscribed by
; ; much narrower limits than those as
i ' signed it. The result of the electi
t ons is not accurately ascertained. But
.' the Citizen computes the republican
majority in the Senate at 16, and in
the House of Representatives at 22, e
ven throwing the quids into the fode
, ralscale.
In Massachusetts the Chronicle
. I says—" Tn 80 towns, which is all we
, have heard from, the whole number
'* of republican representatives chosen
|j to the next General Court is EIGIE
| TV-ONE, and the federalists have
forty-eight only." The Democrat
calculates on a republican majority of
; eighty in the House of Reprcenta-
I tives, and says, that owing to there
1 being no choice of Senators in Cum
berland, the federalists have not a
majority in the Senate.
In Rhode-Island, Governor Fenner,
. a republican, is re-elected, and we
i believe the complexion of the legis
lislature continues republican.
Extract from a late letter, dated Lon
don, February 13, 1808.
" I am to return you my acknow
ledgment for you. obliging favor of
the 2nd December, communicating
an important measure taken by the le
gislature on the clay preceding. Altho'
j its effects would be first deeply felt at
home, yet violent as the remedy may '
he, it was perhaps the only one in our i
power, and therefore preferable to the I
ultima ratio. Have the American
people firmness or virtue enough to
support their government in it, or pa
tiently to endure its inconveniences?
Is a question asked by many and
doubted by most persons here, where
our numerous enemies consider it as
one of our war-measures, while the
smnller number of friendly minds, or
cooler heads look upon it as a prudent
choice of the lesser of two evils. To
tell you that the sentiment of this peo
ple and of its administration is gene
rally hostile to us, were only to re
i peat a hackneyed truism, already well
known to you. While it is admitted
that our hostility might press severe
ly on certain interests, they afi'ect to
hold il cheap, and to think, that in
case of a contest, they would have an
easy bargain of us."
" 'Phis government is determined
to put itself en mesure by augmentfi-g
the force destined for America, so
far as to render it, say the govern
ment writers," greater than the whole
disposable force oi' the Americans,
and competent to inflict immediate de-1
struction upon their maritime towns." :
It is understood that the naval force I
will likewise be much encreased."
Letter of Messrs. Monroe and Pinkney,
to Mr. Madison—Treaty Continued.
Art. 3. His majesty agrees, that
the vessels belonging to the U. S. of
America, and sailing direct from the
ports of the said states, shall be ad
mitted and hospitably received in all
the sea-ports and harbors of the Bri
tish dominions, in the East-Indies;
and that ihe citizens of the said U. S.
may freely carry on a trade, between
the said territories and the said U. S.
in all articles of which the importation
or exportation respectively, to or from
the said territories, shall not be en
| tirely prohibited : Provided only,
That it shall not be lawful for them, in
any time of war between the British
j government and any other power, or
j state whatever, to export from the
! said territories, without the special
! permission of the British government
j there, any military stores, or naval
I stores, or rice. The citizens of the
j U. S. shall pay lor their vessels, when
J admitted into the said ports, no other
i or higher tonnage than shall be payable
j on British vessels, when admitted into
j the ports of the U. S. And they
I shall pay no higher or other duties,
ior charges on the importation or ex
< portation of the cargoes of the s?id
vessels, than shall be payable on the
same articles, when imported or ex
ported in British vessls. But it is ex
■ pressly agreed, that the vessels of
the U. S. shall not carry any of the
. articles exported by them from the
: said British territories, to any port or j
place, except to some port or place in !
j America, where the same shall be un-'
i laden, and such regulations shall be
p adopted by both parties, as shall, from
time to time, be found necessary to ,
enforce the due and faithful obser
vance of this stipulation.
It is also understood, that the per-'
mission granted by 'his article, is not I
( to extend to allow the vessels of the
,U. States to carry on any part of the ■
j coasting trade of the said British ter- I
; ritories ; but the vessels going with '
; their original cargoes or part thereof, }
[ from one port of discharge to another,;
ar_ not to be considered as carrying j
,on the coasting trade. Neither is
this article to be construe! to allow
, the citizens of the said States to set-'
• g tie or reside within the said territories, j
. or to go into the interior parts there- '
of, without th [on of the Bri
tish goverrijmenj,, established there:
& if an) ■uld be at
j tempted again i la! Nt of the
t British goveri thisr peel, the
observance of the s ■ -~ jliall and may
, be enforced against the citizens of
Ameiica, in the same nr ..ier as ,
against British subjects, 01 i
transgressing the same rule. And
, the citizens of the U. States, when
ever they arrive in any port or har
bor in the said territories, or if they
should be permitted in manner afore
said, to go to any other place therein,
• shall always be subject to the laws, go
vernment, and jurisdiction of what
ever nature, established in such har
bor, port or place, according as the
same may be. The citizens of the I
i L T . States may also touch for refresh
- ment at the island of St. Helena,
but subject in all respects, to such re
gulations as the British government
may, from time to time establish
Art. 4. There shall fyc, between all
I the dominions of his majesty in Eu
and the territories of the U. S.
a reciprocal and perfect liberty of
commerce and navigation. The peo
ple and inhabitants of the two coun
tries respectively shall have liberty,
freely and securely, and without hin
drance and molestation, to come with
i their ships and cargoes to the lands,
countries, cities, ports, places, and
[ rivers, within the dominions and ter
ritories aforesaid, to enter into the
same, to resort there, and to remain
and reside there, without any limita
tion of lime ; also, to hire and possess
housesand warehouses for the purpo
ses of their commerce ; and general
ly, the merchants and traders on each
side, shall enjoy the most complete
protection and security for their com
merce, buf subject always, as to what
risspi .rticle, to the laws and
statutes of the two countries respec
Art. 5. It is agreed that no other!
or hi giver duties shall be paid by the '
ships or merchandize of the one par* [
ty, in tfte ports of the other, than j
such as are paid by the like ve-sels or
merchandize of all other nations. Nor
shall any other or higher duty he im
posed in one country, on the impor
tation of any articles, the growth, pro
duce, or manufacture of the other, '
than are or shall he payable on the
importation of the like articles, being
of the growth, produce, or manufac
ture of any other foreign country.
j Nor shall any prohibition be impo.v
jed on the exportation or importation
of any articles, lo or from the terri
tories of the two parties respectively,
■which shall not equally extend to ; It
other nations. But the British go
vernment reserves to itself the right:
of imposing on American vessels, en
tering into the British ports in Eu
rope, a tonnage duty equal to that
which shall at any time be payable by
British vessels, in the ports of Ame
rica ; and the government of the U.
States reserves to itself a right of im
posing on British vessels, entering in
to the ports of the U. States, a ton
nage duty equal lo that which shall at
any time be payable by American ves
sels in the British ports in Europe.
It is agreed, that of the trade in the
two countries with each other, the
same duties of exportation and im
portation on all goods and merchan
dize, and also the same drawbacks 8.
bounties shall be paid and allowed in
either country, whether such impor
tation or exportation shall be in Bri
tish or American vessels.
Art. 6. The high contracting par
ties not having been able to ar-ange at
present by treaty any commercial in
tercourse between the territories of
the U. States and his majesty's islands
and ports in the W r Indies, agree,
that until that subject shall be regulat
ed in a satisfactory manner, each of
the parlies shall remain in the com
plete possession of its rights, in re
spect to such an intercourse.
Art. 7. It shall be free for the two
contracting parties respectively, to ap
point consuls for the protection of
trade, to reside in the dominions and
territories aforesaid, and the said con
suls shall enjoy those liberties and
j rights which belong to them, by rea
j son of their function. But before any
consul shall act as such, he shall be
in the usual forms approved and ad
mitted by the party to whom he is
i sent. 7\nd it is hereby declared to be
( lawful and proper, that in case ofille
' gal or improper con;!act towards the
' laws or government, a consul may
! either be punished according to law,
( if the laws will reach the case,, or be
i dismissed, or even seiu back, the of
\ fended government assigning to the
other the reasons for the same.
Either of the parties may except
! from the residence of consuls, such
i particular places rs such party shall
judge proper to be so excepted.
(Treaty to ba continued.J
Gen. Momuu arrived at Charles
ton from Savannah en Monday even
ing the 2d inst.
General Ga'idanxe, a very much
distinguished < fficef' under Bonaparte,
in Italy and Germany, has aclir lly
arrived in Persia, and has been receiv
ed at the Duri ~rof Shah Euth All, in
a manner so unusual and distinguish
ed, as to leave no longer any doubt of
an it in ded upeiatiotj in Asia, which,
whether they are likely to Succeed
wholly or not c emei at Hast but pro
duce- very serious consequences to
the British power in Hindustan. The
world is generally ignorant of ihe ma
terials for war and revolution planted
• in Asia. Aurora.
In this paper of Monday we stated
the following fuel : " The ship Ac
tive, belonging to diis port, with v
cargo of salt from St. Übes, returning
home was captured and carried into
Falmouth, and has been condemned
vessel and cargo" under ihe late Bri
lish orders in Council. This fact
and that two other ships under similar
circumstances are detained in British
ports, has been well known at the cof
fee house for several days, yet it has
never appeared on the coffee house
books, notwithstanding its importance
demanded an immediate insertion:
Further these facts have not been pub
lished in any Federal paper in this
I lad the French government cap.*
lured and condemned an an Am
can vessel and cargo under the Milan
decree it would instantly have been
placed on the coii'ee house books and
published with countless remarks in
the Federal papers.
This partiality, this withholding of
facts from the citizens, this
back of the. nutlet ials upon which _»
lone correct opinions as to the conduct
qf the belligerents toward this coun
try, can be formed, is an endeavor to
hoodwink the people which merits
the severest reprehension. The fe
deralists are fond of trumpeting forth
the cry of French influence but tl
conduct is infinitely more conclu
sive of British influence. The A
rican government has wisely d
mined on a strict and dignified neu
trality, and it is the duty of all its cE
tizens to assume the seme Attitude.
Bcniocru'ic P.

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