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he cb i ! fourth at* charged ■■' I.'.!!.'"""'' "" ' "T ' '-'■'-** BY ICT to//- from root tut-es aj I n\ it Enacted '■'ir.ii ( Uy C :un < ter i: • ■ . it sh person or hogs or swine two months old • upwards to go at large on ~ unless s in their snouts so liom rooting or are. • '2. Be it enacfed, That ai the said 2Chh u.iy of April it shall be lawful for any citizen or con stable to kill any swine, found on the i, or in the streets or open lots of said city, that have not i as aforesaid—one half i so killud to be the properly of the person or persons who kill them and the other hall lot the use of the poor «f the corporation. 3. Beit enacted, That if any proprietor or proprietors of awine suib■(• them to go at large through,the city after the said twentieth day of April, contrary to'the provisions of this act, he, she or they shall forfeit find pay, for each offence, one dell one half to the informer, the ether lor the use of the corporation. CH : W.GOLDSBOROUGiI. Prcnidcnl of the Find Chamber. E. B. CALAVELL, President of the Second Chamber, approved, March 28. Hour. BuENf, Mayor. MOULVS LET! ceilent Sir, hi: ;icd that ould except oniy against a -de-main, and esented to your excellency president of the Council, and ;1 that it would be absurd to at tempt to resist an army—l planned' the works accordingly: I mounted t!.t:m|with upwards of thirty pi ie powder to be brought j in from Caravanohel; I formed four;' three in convents, and the I „ cipal one in the museum : I in- ' i divide the muskets m into divisions; but the populace in-j d me, and took en of: them, many for the purpose of sel- • hem at the lowest price, oi ng them in their houses; they | ise stole thousands of cartridges; j work* were erected in the streets ail the troops excepting only the ca- j , were distributed at the princi- i iGats, a general commanding at! eopleof ail classes thought j g the city and I believe hie persons would ; I had it not been that the impeded them at-the barri ;urn that they feared falling into the hands of the enemy, which I be ipeiped to several. . the first of this month, having : Jlearned the defeat at Somosierra, se-. ties werq sent out to recon-1 noilre, who successively brought in-1 velligence that the enemy had arrivod j Alcohendas and I'u irral. On the second at day break, the ' upied the heights a Barbara Po- j iMtencurJ. I o they summoned vis thro' i the Marquis j it out, an<l an that we would defend our lity Tin fire un in ;tir,ucd feebly n y cxt- WASHINGTON ADVERTISER surrounded. We had sent :\t two in ! the afternoon an active officer to direct j the united troops of Eleredia and San | Jhan in the night; and a state j r to carry a dispatch to Pc- 1 na, stating the necessity of their com- ! te enemy intercepted. A junta had "been iormed, compos- [ nerals, of one or two mem ouncil, Corregidor and j others, for civil and military j motnt. I was railed to it at six o'clock on the 3d, an 1 was shewn a summons from the prince of Neut'chatel, who If Chief of the Staff, a tpe'ror commanded ; r at Somosier ra brought it and asserted that he had spoken to him ; but ho was not be lieved, and was looked upon as a sits picto'ua person. In th Juntas every thing takes «| ime: we could .til eight* and the an swer was merely a request for a sus pension of arms for that day. But at nine the enemy began the, attack at all pointy with the greatest intrepidity and vigor. They penetrated first through the Retiro, which required ten t men to defend it, and -y through the gates of Al- i », Sec no ding ' they • much resistance. They occupied with a great force \ the whole'Prado, and began to ad rough the streets of Aicala, I San Geronimo and Atocha. Our i cannon and their defenders hjd retir • strong works erected in those streets; the enemy's halls and gra nades raked the principal streets ; the , d in consternation ; in the afternoon the cavalry wheeled a boutand Bed ; in all parts they were •; calling for troops and ammunition of ' which there was not a sufficiency. In j this conflict, in which the ruin of the i inh i>itants appeared to he near at j hand, we were informed that they summoned us at the sired, of Aicala. Castelar, Yriarte and I went out; we ' found a general, an aid de camp of the emperor, who summoned us for J the 1. complained that at I the summon; by the prince of Nf.uf- ! chai' neral had gone to reply to it. We promised him that two should go that and in the ' mean lime r< quested a suspension of arms, to which he accceded. The dif ficulty was to cause it to he observed by the fiofiulacc who shouted continu al!y death or victory~—and fled When attacked foy return I stopped to harangue those who were in one of the works, but could obtain nothing, because when I had softened them, \ht friars \ came, and excited fresh disturbances. It was difficult to hoist before two a l white flat- in the tower of Santa Cruz, I the signal agreed on for 'he suspen- I sion. By motions of the head they '. all said yes, and with shouts no. . The Junta was confused and irre > solute owing to the clamor of a few i idiots, and the great number of its. j members. But the occupation of all | the posts, the want of ammunition, j loss of much artillery, arid the i greater part of the artillerists, the ie, want of sleep and loss of the i few troops which we had, and who j were almost wholly new levies, could j not persuade us that we were able to [ ! make resistance. But how capitulate • againt the general sentiment? At! i length at four in the afternoon I went i out with don Bernardo Yriarte to treat with the Prince of NeuFehateJ without' any thing hat decided, and was obliged to tell the populace that I was going to reply that we would de* i fenci until death. j We found, opposite the convent of I the b I Carmelites, *.n aid de j camp who conducted us half way to | wards Chamartin where there were | four tents in the middle of an cxten- i | sive encampment in which the troops j pre re under arms ; in the first was the j I prince to whom we were presented: ! iwc stated to him our situation with respect to iho populace, and that there | fore we could not propose a capitula-' ! tion, but only a suspension of arms j for the following day, in order to the people, that those who wore ra'ional and disposed to an accommodation might not be victims to the madness Of the canailir The prince went out saying that he would go and Sp/ak to the emperor, and in a amed,and conducted us . We repeated to him we I y told to the prince. He alitSfv like «* co hero^ WASHINGTON CITY, PRINTED BI SAM l I I >N SMITH, PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE. WEDNESDAY AP 11. 5 1809. \ incensed at the obstinacy and ignorance |of the people of Madrid. No sup j plications could obtain longer time [than until six in the following morn ,ing; he added that I might com: ' the parish priests and prelates and in* ; form that if they did not persuade the ! people to submit and bring them to ; reason, they should be responsible, | and that without exposing his troops, j he wou'd destroy every vestige of Ma We returned to Madrid, and convened as large* an assembly as possible of persons in public offices, the assistant bishop, parish priests and prelates. Many were absent, and the meeting was large and conten tious ; at length seeing that the peo ple and the troops had abandoned the ! batteries and retired to their houses '< and that we had no other dependence Ihe good faith of the enemy, they all determined to capitulate, and the articles were drawn up. No one was ' willing to accompany me, and I could only prevail on the field marshal don Fernando de la Vera, governor of Ma drid. We arrived at break of day, and presented them to the emperor. He ordered us to come in, and receiv ed us with much affability and graci* i ousness : granted every thing ' was asked, and dismissed us. The j capitulation is very honorable, as i your excellency will see by the an jnexed copy. j O i bur return I found that Castelar i and many persons of the first rank, military officers and others had left the city early that morning and on the preceding days. I did not do ' so the night before, because I would ' <n Madrid without direction and exposed to all the horrors of a j sack. I believed that I ought to pre e existence of so many thou sands of souls and of the capital to ' jmy own, as I had formerly done at ; Thus I have remained a pri soner of war, but consoled by the good which I have effected. ' Having' finished the statement of ' the unfortunate result of the commis \ sion conferred on nte by the Supreme : Junta, I 3hall add as one deeply inter- ' ! ested in the welfare of the nation, , that I think it would be expedient for the Junta to hint to the governor of Cadiz as cautiously as possible, not to suffer the English to strengthen themselves in that city, or its vicinity, j either by large reinforcements at ' once, or by insensibly increasing their number ; to erect works for defence I on the sea side ; to make entrench ments from the Cortadura to the land gate, on pretence of making a better resistance against the French; to re inforce the garrison; to send dis patches to the Americas to prevent the arrival of money or property at ' present, and other similar cautions, lest the English, doubtful as they now ; arc, of our eventual success, should indemnify themselves for their assis tance by seizing Cadiz and its wealth. Let us take measures to lessen the evil. In capacity of Counsellor of State, I yesterday saw prince Joseph, stiled our king, the object of the sarcasm\ ; of the populace ; and I assert with my usual ingeniousness, that I found a wise philosopher impressed to a de- ' ,iasm> with the soundest • maxima of morality, humanity and ! ! affection for the people over whom it i ! may be his lot to rule. My praises j would be suspected by those who do ' not know me, and therefore I sup them ; what I have said is only iin order that the Junta may by whftt is stated in this dispatch, regulate its conduct and determination. All my inclinations and exertions shall ever be for the honer, stability and integri ty of my country. A good general after having dis posed his army for an action ought to j observe the proper time for charging ior retreating, and not suffer a t ( plctc »w. The latter disgi I him, while a good retreat cove's with glory. The difficulty is t upon the exact moment at which he ought to make his determination. I shall not be so unjust to myself as to su; ! any one will suspect me of infidelity: my integri'- known and has been pro-. t:d ; I therefore cease not to express mysel! with that candor and ingeniousness wbi- ysused. God preserve your excelje'ncy i Dec? 1808. TMOh. or MOTjtLA. Senioh Don Antonio Cornf.l. From the London Gazette, Jan. 10. Downing street, Jan. 10. Dispatches, from which the follow ing arc extracts, were on the Bth inst. ■ eceived at the office of Lord Viscount Castlereagh, one of his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, from Lieutenant Sir John Moore, K. B. Commander in Chief of his Majesty's forces employed in Spain. Benevente, December 28. Since I had the honor to address you upon the 16th, from Toro, the army has been almost constantly marching through snow, and with cold that has been very intense. The , weather, within these few days has \ turned to rain, which is much more j I uncomfortable than ttie cold,, and has J rendered the roads almost impassable. On the 21st the armies reached Sa hagun : it was necessary to halt there in order to refresh the men, and on 1 account of provisions. The informa tion I received was, that Marshal Souit was at Saldana with about 16,000 men, with posts along the river from Guardato Carrion. The army was ordered to march in two columns at eight o'clock, on the night of the 23d, to force the bridge :at Carrion, and from thence proceed to Saldana. At six o'clock that even ing, I received information that con siderable reinforcements had arrived at Carrion from Palencia, and a letter from the Marquis de la Romana in formed me that the French were ad- i ing from Madrid either to Valla- | doljd or Salamanca. It was evident i it was too late to prosecute the attempt ; upon Soult, that I must be satisfied '. with the diversion I had occasioned, < and that I had no time to lose to se- i . cure my retreat. The next morning lieutenant ge- i neral Hope, with his own division and i that of lieutenant general Fraser, marched to Mujorga. I sent sir Di- j vid Baird with his division to pass the river at Valmira, and followed lieu- : tenant general Hope on the 25th, with < tli reserve and thedight brigades, by < major Valderas, to Benevente. The c iValry under lord Paget followed the j reserve on the 26th ; both the latter i corps entered this place yesterday. We continue our march on Astorga. i Generals Hope aim Frazer are already gone on ; air D. Baird proceeds to i morrow from Valencia : and I shall I leave this with theiroserve at the same j time ; lord Paget will re wain with i t the cavalry, to give us notice of the ap proach of the enemy ; hitherto their ( infantry have not come up, but they I are near, and the cavalry is round us in great numbers ; they are checked Iby our cavalry, which have obtained j by their spirit and enterprise, an as cendancy oyer that of the French, which nothing but great superiority ,of numbers on their part will get the | better of. The diversion made by our inarch i oft Sahagun, though at great risk to 1 ourselves, has been complete ; it re mains to be seen what advantage the ! Spaniards in the South will be able to < take of it; but the march of the i French on Badajoa was stopped when i its advanced guard had ''cached Tala- i veira de la Reine, and every thing i disposable is now turned in this direc- i tion. The only part of the army which* ■< j has been lutherto engaged with the ) enemy, has been the cavalry, and it is | impossible for me to say too much in j their praise. I mentioned to your lordship in my letter of the lGth tho success brigadier general Ste met with, in defeating a detachment of cavalry at Rueda. Since that, few days have passed without his takt! killing different parties of the French, generally superior in force to those which attacked them. On the m to Sahagun, lord Paget hud irffr tion of six or seven 1 cavalry being in that town. He marched on the night of the 20th from some vil i where he was posted in front of lemy at Majorga, with the 10th and 15th Hussars , The 10th march ed straight to the town, whilst lord Paget with the 15th, endeavored to tt. Unfortunately he fell in with role, one of \ aped and the alarm. By this means the ich had time to form oft the out vii before lord Pag'( round. lie immediately charged tt them, a. d took from 140 to 150 prisoners, amoog whom wore olonels and eleven rs, with the loss on our part of six or eight men, and p. * wumded. PJW ih jnr/txcm There have been taken by the ca~ . valry From 4 to 500 French, besides a . considerable number killed; this is since we began our march from Sa : lamanca. On his march from Saha \ gun on the 30th, lord Paget, wi: 1 squadrons of the 10tb> , t tachment of cavalry at , kUI -1 ed 20, and took about 100 prisoners. Our cavalry is very superior in quality , to any the French have ; and the right 1 spirit has been infused into them by i the example and instruction of their two leaders, lord Paget and brigadier general Stewart. , Astorga., Dkc. 31. 1803. I arrived here ye j Eraser with his diyisi be at I Villa Franca this day, | pro jceedon to Lugo. Lt. Gen. Hope, with his ciivL. iytwo ues from this,' and proceeds this morning, followed by Sir David Baird. The two flank brie ,y the road of Penferada, I shall follow wi reserve and cavalry to Villa F tnca either this night or to-morrow morn ing, according as I hear the approach of the French. The mornim edfrom Benevente, seven squadrons of Bonapartes guards passed the river at a ford above the bridge. They were attacked by Gen. Stewart, at the of the piquets of the 18ih and 3d Ger man light dragoons, and driven across 'he ford. Their colonel of division, Lefebvre was taken, together with abcu 70 officers and men. 'Fneaff .■ tC( ] t <j>he numbers with which Brig. Gen. Stew art attacked were inferior to the French ; it is the corps of the greatest cter in their army ; but the supc yof the British wa3, I» m told very conspicuous, I enclose for your, ■ lordship's satisfaction, Pa report oi Benevente, Dec. 29 o * OIR, I have the honor to inform you about nine o'clock this morning ceiVed a report that the enemy's ca valry was in the act oi river at the ford near the bridge. I immediately sent down the piquets of the night under Lt. Col. Gt way of the 18th. Having left orders thst tho try should repair to their alarm posts, I went forward to reconnoitre, and found" four squadrons of the <tti perial Guards formed and skirmishing 1 with the piquets and other cavalry in. 1 the act of passing. I sent for the \ Oth Hussars, whp having arrived, Brig. Gen. Stewart immediately placed him- I self at the head of the piquets, and with the utmost galantry attacked. The i lOt'.i Hussars supported in the mo3t perfect order. The result ol the affair, as far as I have been able to collect, is about 30 killed, 25 wounded, TO prisoners, and about the sams number of horses. It is impossible for me to avoid speaking in the highest terms of ail ■aged Lt. Col. Qtwaj Bagwell headed the respective night piquets. The latter is slightly wounded. The utmost z?al was con spicuous in the whole of my staff \ and I had many volume head* quarters, and other officers ol your army. Amongst the prisoners i Gen. of division Lefebvxe, (who com ■ mands the cavalry of the Imp< Guards) and ! . tins. Our is, I fear, near 50 men killed , worn- will send a return the* moment I can collect the reports. 0 be, Ike. ••GET, Lt. G To Lt. (.. \foorc t K. I have forwarded the Beniza. On the other si the enemy foi inst. three guns ofjeapt. DonoA troop which did consid; L—The Ga. of last ni] Sir John Moore's nothing to tin ■ ■ cienJy convince u&of the \ -treat fro 1 1 gun, and of ;» ■ attempt upon tent . ti^h > tainly, if the: i tim; '••■sibtlity el U.