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The national intelligencer and Washington advertiser. [volume] (Washington City [D.C.]) 1800-1810, April 05, 1809, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045242/1809-04-05/ed-1/seq-2/

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n previou
. Had we pi OUT
i'Jed ope?

In that space of time the
• very
rf the 33dy

Sir J.
i his firs i that
" * he enemy's infantry have not j
. 'hey are deaf, and the caval- j
amored that part of the

i cut ofl'; but as Sir John
v; nothing of if, we trust
report is untrue. We should
have been glad, however, to have
• in the first Gazelle account*
r relative to the operations
. some tribute paid to the
The in
of the advance of the French
id came from the Marquis.
the least mention is mule of
It is evident that our army is
bJtag to Corunrit—we take it
ed, therefore, that our ships
% have been ordered
ith all possible speed.
ts from Cadiz, brought
he vessel in which Mr. Lisle, the
... tnger, are to the
, had been received of
departure of Bonaparte, from
st the whole of his
-,-. It was on the 2.3d that he left
id, taking the road to Somosi
in order to attack Gen. Moore.
force he left behind him
not large, and tins intelligence hay
ed the Duke de lc-'lnfa; •
who is stated to have su ' Cat
laid to have immediate-
Ivanccd from Cuenca towards the
35,000 men.
Seven thousand men are said to
been lost by the French ; . l
iof Madrid, with
which city they af
patcbed more thai
•to France ; not having
c houses of the grandees
•'. Bonaparte has, bc
dcr, secured and sent
several gran
iil oiheers, whose vir
obnoxious to his
100. Among the
o, Tar- i
, First Counsel
ints of Spain, it will
is to hear, have !
■ es—.their {

»re our readers to-day
impyr- !
■to <
or '
Of' '
»rt eH ■
t*s »
ice and '
is a doc
ft, l
■y '

at ! l
, ii ■■ t" be pend iVt
dded, a ivi -in- j !
i with Great Britain : a
.dies of the Ameri
differ- i r
h both ended in the ) a
te entered in- J
ion of the motion for a
lof the embargo, which lasted tl
•r to the "
o mo- V
y oi 25 against 6, a- tl
; and immediately t'
. .iittee, ft
■sed a bill for the more '
enforcement of the em- i'
c was no doubt, il
The House of Re- <
yes referred the different
ii the sub- v
part of the Presideut's
which related to foreign ti
!so referred. No decision 'A
: befon ''<
;c tepor'ed. Pieviousiy, *
he report being made, t. ■'
tent member, Mr. Macon- «
which Wfere w
.-. committee, and which ■
in their t<.- > ]
'utionsof the com- c*
itibfished yes X
to- et
a commit- J ar
ihe whole House. Upon j
ty lo
ensued, and though we have no
int of the determination of it
a- there was no doubt it would end
ur in the adoption by ar considerable ma
rc jorky of the resolution* of the com
e- mittee, and that it would be followed
rp by the enactment cf a bill similar
id to that proposed in the Senate.
he But the non-intercouvse act, though
1-y a new measure, in fact does little or
it nothing; it leaver affairs in no worse
'h a situation with respect to this coun
/ than they were left by the embar
>. It shews, perhaps a more hostile
■i towards this country, but
s a measure of real operative hostili
iotj ty, it adds little or nothing to what
id-, was done against ue by theembai
> Trade with this country was cut off j
y the embargo—nothing more can
rd he done by the act of non-intercourse.
; like the old adage, of
ist shewing,thc teeth without being able
Id to bite. And this is the character and
re -consequence of most of the Ameri
ts can acts and regulation:! ' us.
r\s They evidently hate us, but t• y d
ie not proceed to extremities ;tl iv wish
ze to shew that th< y are hostile 0
n- hi t they do not choose to dcclate war
:h against us ; they are fearful of cor
ns. ing te close quarters; but they are
of quite ready to call us names at a dis
tance. Nothing can be more undis
is guiscd than their ill will 10 us ; no
it thing can be more harsh and high
y=, sounding than their language ; - and
:d when we read the speeches of the
members of Congress, and the writ
it ings of American politicians against
ie us, we are prepared to expect nothing
ie less than war, open, and detcrmi
,f war. But they all end in some mea
n *ure more calculated'o injure them
is selves than us—and this they say is
ft taking a dignified position—they,cal
i- led their embargo a proof of the re*
8, Bistance they made to the miasr
is of Great Britain and France, but
p. when they explained the measure
0, through the medium of th:ir minis
1. tet at Paris and London, they soften
•>. Ed it down into a mere interns! regu
e Jation, which ought not to-give the
belligerent powers any r
o ground of offence. The report of the
j. committee upon which a non-inter
h course measure is founded, introduce
f. their resolutions by a delaration that
a America cannot consistently with her
jr rights, honor and independence, sub
's mit to the edicts of Great Biitain and
; - Fiance. Of course it would be sus
it pected that a determination not to
i- submit, would be followed by a deter*
■. mination to resist. No such thing—
s they will only not admit our ships in
-0 to their ports, nor receive our goods
•. or manufactures. This is not only not
[. resistance but submission— it is sub
mission to a continuance ofprivations
[j which that prohibition to admit our
c ships or goods will impose upon them,
c and one of tin tesmen with
r great justice, suys, " that if a relin
quishment of commerce be not sub- '
V mission, he knew not in , what sub- i
.» mission consisted." The non-inter
n course act, the suspension ofimpor- i
r tation, will be explained away ai
f softened down just as t!>e ci
» ' was. We had no right to com pi
• argo—it was a mere in.
s nai regulation—it was no c. i
r. If the prohibition oi tion be t
1 nol aspension of im- I
Importation cannot be red tancc. So i
much for the measure which is to af- ! i
ford a prod" of the determination of
r America to resist the decrees of G. t
<itain and France. As to France, it <
ere easy to shew, that though she is ; I
i I included in the non-intercourse law,
.' any regulation passed respecting her <
j is a mere nullify, and so many waste i
i • has no trade—G. Britain !
. has hermetically scaled her up from ;
i | all commercial communication with j t
j the rest of the world, and the c;nk
igo and the inter ■ ■ Ame- i
. | tdca, as far as they relate to her, ?<re J
; j as " Air, thin air." Courier.
I London, Jan. 9.— [t was r.aid some <
i time ago that the enemy h
men at Palencia. This account was '■
immediately followed by another from '
the marquis de la Romans, stating s
that Bonaparte was proceeding by 1
forced marches against hi/rear, from «
Madrid. Upon the receipt ot this c
. intelligence, being apprehensive, that
if he even succeeded in hi Ms r
i etreot would be exposed, sir J. j
'/ore resolved to fall.bdek upon Be- r
nevente. b
On the 26th, upon retiring from c
Sahagun, lord Paget gained in forma- v
tion that there were about 700 dra- c
goons at Magorga ; on which his '
lordship formed a plan to take the
whole, which in a degree fuled, from
.he escape of a dragoon out of a pat
role, which he took prisoners; he
was therefore reduced to attack, in
! surrounding the French ; h
,i . his lordship completely succeed- ''
~(i, as he defeated the enemy with the .j
15th regiment, and took 160 prison- „
ers ; and in another action he took n<
I and killed above 100 of the enemy. a <
Brig. Gen. Stewart, the brother o
lord Castlereagh, has also, d
10 guished himself greatly. His rcgi-,
it ment (the 18lh) fell in with a body of
id horse of the enemy, under the com
a- mand of gen. Lefebvre. The enemy
l- was advantageously posted, and supe
d rior in number—but the brigadier ge
ar neral did not hesitate an instant. He
charged them wit/h an impetuosity
;h that was irresistible ; he broke thro'
ir their centre ; killed above 100, and
sc made 800 prisoners, among whom
n- was Lefebvre himself—and this offi
r- cer is actually arrived in England.
Ie He is the general of division who was
:it repulsed by Palafox at Saragossa, not
i- marshal Lefebvre, duke of Danlzic,
at as was generally rumored yesterday
o.' evenii
>ff j The 7th, the 10th, and 15th, as
in ' well as the 18th, have been engaged,
c. • and have all distinguished themselves
>f by their entcrprizc, activity, and suc
le cess. The affair of the 7th was cx
d tremcly brilliant. Col. Kerrison fell
i- in with a patrole party of the enemy,
s. and charged them. He killed the
■c commanding officer of the party with
h his own hands, but after the Frenchman
ad received his wound he broke col.
ir rrisons. arm with the hilt of hi'
l- sword. The whole of the French
c party were either killed or made pa
s' soners.
j- The affair of the 10th, or prince of
)- Wales' regiment, was also most gal
h latit : col. Leigh distinguished him
d self in a very conspicuous manner,
c They attacked a party of 200 horse,
t- and totally routed them.
g Corunna, Dec 17.
i- By Sir David Baird.
i- "The events which have recently
9 occurred in Biscay, and the Ebro,
[- hare rendered it indispensably ne
:- cessary forthe troops of his Britannic
s majesty in Spam to concentrate and
t unite themselves, in order to be ena
i render the most efficacious as*
i- sistance and support to the Spa
- nish nation, in the heroic efforts
- Which it is making in defence of its
c independence. Lieutenant General
s Sir David Bard, Commander of the
c British division in Gallicia and Leon,
- has at present to make known to the
3 true & loyal inhabitants of these king
t doms, that he has received orders
r from his excellency Sir John Moore,
- general in chief of the British army
i in Spain, to unite his troops without
- loss of time, with those of said ge
} neral in chief, towards the road to
- Portugal. The object of this movement
. is not by any means to evacuate Spain,
- or to abandon a cause so dear to
, Great Britain. The only purpose in
t view is to unite the whole British ar
. my, so as to act from one particular
3 point, whence its services may be the
r most necessary and efficacious.
, " Gahicia, whi ally strong,
j cannot require a more numerous ar
. my, or one that is more worthy of
. defending it, than that of the left, '
. Composed principally of the valors
. youth of that kingdom, ard whici.
. now united,in Leon, under the orders '
I of the most dis; I and cele-
i Marquis de la Romana. The pre '
f more tro ps, un;'' st
. J if -
! I the mountains, rr.igh* judicial
.I by consuming i '■«■ t
> sources of the country
rfcy*. '
uTo the worthy in] of '
these kingdoms the roost r>. * i<s »
; of the British army are due, for the '
i hospitality and friendly treatment I
, which they have every where experi
• enccd from them. And the Lieuten- t
i ant General hopes, that the same x
sentiments of reciprocal friendship t
will for forever continue i
to the two nations off Spain c
iiil the most re
in posterity.
" Being about to leave this part of J
the peninsula, probably for a short
time, ti.e Lieut, gener I his I
duty to exhort the. in!.
kingdoms by the loyalty which they t
owe to their sovereign, by the love 8
which they have for their families,
II the most holy and do
pledges they possess, to ri-.c in upport I
of their religion, their king, and their C
v Unless the government and the r
nation make the utmost efforts, the c
just and glorious cause of Spain will 1
run a most serious ri:ik ; but if they t
be not wanting in the necessary ex- c
ertions, with the help of Divine Pro- c
vidence, that great .ill be t
crowned with victory and complete c
i Quarters at rfatbrga,") C
Ist December, 180L'." J 1;
uiaMMilM—Miiniiil'lfm -i mm——.
VV JIEREAS Elizabeth BnrniU, o,y wife, \
hath eloped from my bed and beard, and f
living an achiKiTss with ■ i, thia is J (
to forewarn tdl persons wk I ,n trust- 0
ing ber on nr, account, as I will pn.y none
of Ber debts, audi mean to apply !
fio. mbly of Maryland, for an o
Prince County (~Mil > x
March 17 —
.. The Hercules brings us, as usual,
c a batch of speculations on the rela-
V tions between G. Britain and this
y * country. The Courier, probably the
( i barometer of the feelings of the mm
n nistry, in announcing the early rnea
•u 3ures of Congress, seems almost too
j angry to reason. This shews, were
|(J pther proofs wanting, the serious
)t light in which these measures were
, viewed. The report of Mr. Camp
_' bell, and the letter of the Secretary
of the Treasury on the means of en
l3 forcing the embargo, are admitted to
I be only inferior in importance to the
,g intelligence received from Spain.That
.. intelligence is inconclusive. Altho'
'_ it exhibited the British armies on the
jl retreat, it still left some grounds of
, hope, which, however faint, would
c serve to arrest a crisis in public opi
h nion. During this period of sus
n pence c\Giy effort would doubtless he
j made by a ministry, regardless of the
| g ' means, so that they secured their
fl continuance in office, to exarcerbatc
;_ the public against the U. Slates by as
cribing to us a hatred of them, which
r they must have known, from a thou
sand indications, to be most false. By
keeping up this excitement, they
would expect the more effectual!/ to
smother the embers of discontent,
and to throw the failure of the high
hopes entertained on any but their
true causes.
Whether this delusion can be con
tinued after the entire flight or defeat
. of the English forces in Spain, we
shall probably learn by the next arri
_ val. One or the other of these events
, must soon occur ; and their occur
] fence may possibly bring back the
„ British government to the conciliating
_ terms of which it presented some in
. dications anterior to the revolution in
8 Spain ; or produce a change in the
s ministry favorable to the amity of the
j two nations.
A complete abortion of the British
exertions in Spain can scarcely fail to '
( produce a great effect in England, as '
. it has all along been manifest that '
j their merchants and manufacturers
have relied upon the successes of the '
British arms to extend the field of '
their business, which an entire fai- '
. lure must considerably abridge. Al- '
, ready we perceive that the high price '
t of the raw material in some instances, [
t and the total destitution of it in others 1
( has paralised many of the most im- '
portant manufactures, and rendered | «
the profits of trade extremely preca- i
. rious. When then this resource shall
i be entirely cut off, when positive e
viis will be to he endured, without c- *
( yen the chearing hope of brighter ; s
days, is there not a chance that the , l
* people will resort to the usual reme- *
dy of a change of rulers, a resort r
which, however idle in ordinary cases r
in that country, may in this instance a
be not altogether ineffectual, l
A complete failure of the British in c
Spain will probably be attended with ' !
the folio,. ctS : ' n
!. '. greater stagnation of trade.
2. \ diminution of manufactures. s
3. A declension in the profits of 1 J
both trade and manufactures. J 1
4. The disbanding of the army, "
who not finding employment in the a
manufactories, will be thrown into si-
Illations of abject misery, which will °
render them ready instruments of s
popular clamor. v
Jr. A reduction in the extraordinary } l
disburse vents of the government, *'
Which have, perhaps, more than any r
thing else, kept Up the price of com
ities, and given the appearance f
of a general prosperity.
6. An increase of debt, which *]
when -the accounts of the two last c
years arc closed, must be enormous. ( '
All these considerations furnish a ?
gleam of hope, that the disasters in P
Spain, co-operating with the purpose, t(
then indicated, on our part to continue *'
and enforce the embargo (a purp v
which the ministry seem at length a
most reluctantly to have realised) may
have pvoduced a favorable change,
cither by the adoption of new mea- °
sures, or the formation of a hew mi- 3l
nistry. The next news v/e-shall re- n
ccive will be, therefore, hi all likeli
hood, very interesting. Parliament,
meeting on the lGth of January, how
ever inefficacious in producing a radi
cal change, will, at least serve to re- s
gister the public dissatisfaction, and P
ehableus, to see which ivay the land P
We shall be advised of an ac- f
commodation, an event most sincere- v
ly desired by our government as well
lie people, the scandalous slanders a
of the Courier notwithstanding, or •'
we sliail learn the im probability of any •»
favorable change for a considerable *<
length of time ; and, according to the 5 '
one on the other
to exercise the virtues of enterprise ')
or fortitude.
The House oT Assembly of New II
York have, greatly to their hone
S passed a bill for the purchase of Dr.
Hosack's Botanical Garden in the city
of New-York, for the promoti
medical science. ,We are plea
find, among its advocates in di
!» Mr. German, lately appointed a Sena
- tor of the United States,
s —
c The House of Representatives of
- Pennsylvania have adopted a resolu
tion recommending to 'the members
0 of the next legislature to appear
c dressed in domestic manufactures.
c The Legislature of the state of
- Delaware have incorporated a com pa
ir ny for the purpose of making a turn
- pike road from New-Castle on the
a Delaware, to Frenchtown on the Elk
c river. This is a most important ob
t jeet, as the proposed road covers all
i 1 the ground travelled in this route be-
B tween Philadelphia and Baltimore, the
f remainder of the distance between
1 those cities being water easily navi
- gated.
3 The following article is entitled to
c the general attention of those, who
r have the superintendance of the vari
c ous establishments for the ny :
- ance of the poor in the United Si
l The average weekly expence, for
- food, of each pauper, is estimated at
f two shillings and three pence Sterl
f ing, or about half a dollar. This con
j stitutes by far the largest part of the
:ssary expence. The clothing
i and fuel need not cost more than
p half that of provisions. And yet it is
a fact that in this country, in many
- instances, two or three-times the ag- 1
t gregate of these sums is expended
» for a very uncomfortable provision.
. The principal reason of this waste of
s public money is the ignorance of
. those, who are charged with the su
> perinlendance, of those great reform**
r which have taken place under the an
. spices of a Howard, a Rum ford, a
, Lowndes, 8c a host of other illustrious
. benefactors of the condition of man.
j No tract would be more useful, than
one which placed this subject in a
, familiar point of view. It would pro
, bably save millions to our country, and
5 eminently ameliorate the situation of
the indigent.
" In the Liverpool house of Indus
. try, there are at present 1 100 pel
f (men, women and children) who are
maintained as fan as respects nutri
. ment, at the moderate expence ot a*
i bout 2s. 3 l-2d. per week, each : they
! are, nevertheless, fed upon the best
i j provisions ; and, in general, look re
. mat kably healthy. The children
j are also well clothed, and have a
j very decent and healthy appearance.**
We extract the following article.
from the North American, no
! sentiment, but that of contempt for
j the Editor, and pity for the author of
j the subjoined letter. Mr. Wagner.
J must know, that while he is de/end
mg his friend", he is traducing the
admi —all that that adminis
tration wishes, in this as in every othev
case, is that the " whose truth may be
laid before the world ;" and Mr. Wag
■ ncr is challenged, nay defied to lay it
before the world. Until this is done,
so as satisfactorily to prove that the
publication of the documents is not
justly chargeable to some federal
member of Congress, the public will
ascribe it to that source. We have no
hesitation in declaring it as our opini
on, the result of some attention to the
subject,Jthat the publication can alone,
under existing circumstances, be ra
tionally charged to this source. It is,
indeed, a loui dishonor, and we shall
rejoice to sec it wi;
From the honorable Se'uator we«
should have hoped for some decorum,
if not dignity of language. But, like
the London Courier, he is too angry
eVen to respect himself. Under (ho
dominion of such feeling:, what right
have we to expect that lie would res
pect truth ? There is a perfect consis
tency in the praise which the
tleman so lavishly bestows on himself,
and the calumny so j >< Uy cast Oil
a man, the lustre of who
threw into perpetual shade our "
dern Aristidcs." It is the i
of vanity, to talk !
selves, in proportion to the iiulc
mation in which we arc i
From Ihe J'.orth .
" Shortly aft.:r the <
sion of Congress, a v
port was circulated, that the ii
pressed documents" bro't I
Boston, were disclosed by Col,
ing. The author of, the reporl
well known. As it was scattered wi'U
all the industry of malice, a gentle
man in this city, in the. course of
rhis correspondence; thought proper
to inform Col. Pickering ol it.
subjoined extract is the answer
h s received on this point. It
not expected, that it would be pub
lished ; for the jacobin, slan I
whi(' ieen poured out apot
him for so many successive years/,
».ejy ebtaired any notice

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