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.LARS PUli AiTitlfXi
i onducted hySAMUBi/H.S .Tun. :ind printed at the >Hiee ofthe/«mer, to wl arc- r . The annual price, payable in advance, tfl Jive Hollars. Advertisements, not exceeding one . cents, and fcireverv subscqi tioM I \ , an addition of one ' i TO THE EDltoil OF THF. NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE*. Washington, May L4/A, 1809. SIR, The probability that an attempt will be nu-.dc to carry intoexect the project of uniting the Eastern Branch with the Tiber Creek by a na- Canal, having induced a friend of the city to consult the report made in the J 1, to the Commissi . of the Canal, by Mr. Latrobe— passage appealed well worthy of publication at the present moment, at which its force and ti nth xnay I ularly call pro ral interests of the city, l as this parti* ulaf measure. " In looking beyond that period during which this city must be depen dent i neighboring towns lor a the most Hitting articles of commerce,a prospect, of profit in pro portion to the original sum expe opens, the extent of whitbislili only by the provisions of the law.— An enquiry into the future probable in come of the company is in fact au en quiry into the probability of the suc cess of the city. It is the fashion to speak of this success as highly proble- j matical. The ill humor, bred by the j difficulties which the permanent as ! well as the transitory inhabitants of the ' place encounter, colors all the reason- ; ing and ali the feelings of those who ' speak on the subject. It is, I believe, 'Impossible with a single indi vidual who is in perfect good humor when talking of this city. But not withstanding all that has been predict ed, of ruin and desertion, the place has not made one retrogade step. —It goes forward with a silent and low, but with a certaih pace. The consti tution oft - '-i.ishment muslrcr- j tainly he vigorous, which in its first infancy has been able to resist the un- I toward ci :es that nave attend ed itfronn ; ;-n establishment,' that has had to struggle against the ill-digested and ruined undertakings of its principal projectors—against the want ol' - the pro prietors of one liall'oC the soil, and in most instance . sir counter- j action of each oil r, while part of live other halt of the scite re-, ' tnaiued in a state incapable of im- j proveroent, by ' uncer tain pro; ■ the p ' ' , - patro- • nage and the scanty cli public cc - And yet this city, , the very plan and contrivanceof which vvoui t ontain the seeds of va miscarrjag be recog nise'; who have not seen it for : three ye rs ; i ed and ci cd is i. ' ! is in the j nature ahoul ' ! P'd than those are | ivement of the city and the productive Canal de pend mil! ' ! each other. The very wants of the city, merely < dercd as a. collection of inhabited fcouses without c and without manufactures, arc sufficient to autho rize the ttnd ; >y offering at the money ex pended. Bnt when the Canal shall be completed, the city will holdoutln ducements to the settlement of mer -, which at present do not exiat.. Geoi je Town at present has a safe harbor for th am boats, but «mnot be conveniently approached by the shipping that must export the country' p Alexandria on the Other hand, though a good seaport, cant/vot be safely approached by tin light Potomac bo its. When the Ca nal s ing .not labor under their defects. The im p situalion< wih probably be the work of time ; but in its new channels, r a—but it. & WASHINGTON ADVERTISER The Circuit Court of the tX Stales, closed its session in Windsor, Ver-j mont, on the Ilthinst. _ The Grand ■ Jury were in session eight days.— Sixteen Bills of Indictment were found for breaches of the Embargo, Sec. tSQMT'ffM ALIiXAHDRIA IiAJtY ADVIiR- Presuming'upon the interest felt by yourself and the community in the progress of improvement made in rig of sheep, I tike the liberty of g you the fo which was made ou lion of L.a "■'« •"(! Doctor " One Ewe, two years old, having had two lambs, one in each spring of her life, weighed on the hoof UOlbs. wefght of fleece 6 and 3 quarttya—■ A ewe, one year old, weighed 90lbs. fieeceT and 3 quarters—having on Monday last a lamb killed, which weighed, on the boof 70b.. Oae Weather, 85lbs. fleece 8 The ave rage weight of eleven fleeces 6!bs. . I may add, that those sheep have never eat half a gallon of grain of any kind. I cannot conclude this statement, sir, without congratu lating the people of this country up on the undoubted assurance which my experience gives them of their ability to rear sheep inferior to none in the w arid for their purpose. And if the bleeder be encouraged by the ma u facmier, the day may come when posterity will with gratitude to Provi dence celebrate the epoch that gave birth to our infant manufactures and waked to action the Bleeping powers of our beloved country. Respectfully your friend, WILLIAM H. FOOTE. May 20. LITERARY INTfcLI.KiF.NCR. > j A new work of uncommon merit ■ has laiely appeared in London, edited by John Pinkerion, author of modern Geography, Bee. entitled " A gene- j ral collection of voyages and travels: forming a complete history of the ori gin and progress, of diebvery, by see and land, from the earliest ages to the' j present time—Preceded by an histori cal introduction, and ethical catalogue lof hooks of voyages and travels : and rated and adorned with numerous engravings." W r e are authorised to state, that Kimber and Conrad of this City, are making arrangements to publish a handsome edition of this j valuable work. Phil, Jmer. D. Adv. CATTCRIMI.LUtS. We ore sorry to learn that these . ; : destructive insects have again made j ! their appearance, and threaten our orchards, forests and fields with ex tensive ravages. A farmer in the suae ofN. York who had made many experj i ments last year to save his fruit at last hit upon the following ex- | pedient, which he found successiul j •If, and recommended confident- j ids follow citizens. It is to mould a cldk o/ earth, or sod with the dirt : downwards, round the to/i of the trunk jof the tree. This is all. From the ne, they are said to he lp dead from even the re motest limbs until they are destroy ed. Though this project looks un promising, yet as it is very easy very harmless, we hope it may be ge nerally tried. Trenton True Amrr.. May 20. -CIRCULAR TO COLLECTORS. TREASU HY DEPARTMENT, Comptroller** Office, May 16, 1809. —The seventh section of the act, entitled, " An act supplementary to the act, entitled, ' An act laying an Embargo on all ships and vessels in the ports and harbors of the United State-.,' passed the ninth day of Jang ary, 1808. provides, that the time du ring which the act to which this act is a supplement, shall continue in force, shall not be computed as making pa I >f the twelve callcndar months, during which goods, wares or merchandise. imported into the United States, musJ >c re-exported in order to be entitled to a drawback of the duties paid on ::ie importation thereof For your government, I have now to inform you, that, alter the 15th ol March last, the 7th section of the act of the 9th January, 1808, above recit ed, ceased to operate as to all cxpoi as, for benefit of drawback, to any PRINTED BY SAMUEL HARRISON SMITH, PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE^ FRIDAY, MAY 26, 1809. foreign port or place for which it was , lawful for ships or vessels to trade 1 pursuant to the act of Ist March last; | and that it will cease to have any ope ration, on .like exportations to Great Britain, or her dependencies, after the lOth of June next. \ 1 That you may have a clear concep . tion of the meaning of this instruction, , it m w be proper to add, that merchan dise which wis imported on the 22d j February, 1807, can be exported with privilege of,drawback, to any port or place, the trade to which was permit ' ted by the act of Ist. March last, only, until the 15th of the present month ; >because twelve callendar months have •vehfed between the 22d February, - 1307, and 15th May, 1809, exclusive c tim. from the di c of the em law on the 22m December, 1807. and its partial repeal after the 15 h March, 1809. In support of this construction of the law, I shall observe that, the in dulgence granted by the 7th section ol the act of the 9 h of January, 1808 . out of the consideration that ex it stations were prevented by an act of the government, and that as soon as the right to egbort was restored, the reasons vvhich'in.'uc:; i the legis lature to grant the uuiuigcncc ceased to apply SPE|ECH Of the Govcrncr of Connecticut. Gentlemen <f the Council, Mr Sfiea ker, and gentlemen uf the House of Representatives. At our special sessiou in February last, sundry of public business were in contemplation which we had not time then to mature and complete, and which of coursu then 1 y over to another session. Since that and with in a short time, you will have seen a proclamation from h- President of the U. States, annoum ing that the I British orders in council of January ; anc l - r 1807, will have been 'withdrawn, as rcsp- ctr. the U States, on the 'Oihdiy of June next—and de >t after the said 10th day! oi June next, tha trade ofthe United j States wrh Great Britain, which has : been suspended by J: «n act of Con • gress, ttrtefdictibg all commercial :ourse between the United States and Great Briiian and France, and an act laying an embargo on all ships and vessels in the ports and harbors of the United Stales and the acts supplementary thereto, m.iv be renew ed. While we rejoice in this change of circumstances m our exterior re lations, itwillTest, gentlemen, with j y ni ,,. »n to deter- \. mine what further measures, if any,: : will be expedient to adopt at this time, : ibr asserting the claim and securing 'the exercise of future commercial rights, without such durable embar-j ents and interdictions, as have, lately been experienced by the several r.cts of Congress laying an embargo, i and suspending our intercourse with I foreign nations. i The recent events which have OC-i currcrl on the Eastern continent, whereby it would seem that Provi dence is still proceeding in its course, ;of overturning and punishing for sins, the ancient kingdom of Western con tinental Europe, arc calculated to read to us, in these ends of the earth, im portant lessons of wisdom and caution in our conduct ; and may eventually, under the direction of a wise and over ruling influence, b0 the means of pro ducing much political good to this new and extensive continent; and under the guidance of a liberal mag nanimity and sound policy, may serve to nrocure to t'te United Slates many beneficial and estimable effects. But the particular circumstances whichi may arise from these events, are be yond our foresight, and must be left to the future disclosure of a wise and overruling Providence. This state, although furnished with a fine body of able and effective mili tia, is still without magazines of effi cient small arms, with which any portion of these men may be supplied for public service on any emergency. At a time when the world almost is in a state of warlike agitation, is h wise, is it prudent, for us to remain in this unprepared situation for self defence ? Although often alluded to heretofore, I have thought it proper again to submit (his subject to your; serious consideration. And while on j his particular bUbject, it may perhaps j be thought expedienct to extend your i view to the procuring a more name-l II v rous train of field artillery. _ You may also have in contemplation, some different ogranization of our artillery corps ; combined with a different arrangement from the present of our Cavalry. , Many inconveniences and much loss are experienced by our fellow citi zens, from the great influx aad varie ty of bills which arc issued from the j numerous banks of our neighboring states. Some remedy for this evil seems necessary, and would be very desirable. If, as is the case in some other states, no denomination of these bills, under at least five dollars, or i pet haps more, should be permitted to circulate within this state, it might ' aye a salutary effect in correcting .his inconvenience. I beg cave to suggest to the Legis lature the propriety of transmit'ing to the several states in the U M ion, who have reciprocated with us an exchange of their statute laws, each a volume of the late edition of the laws of this state. Not observing any authority for this measure, given in the order made for the distribution of the vo lumes which have been reserved for the sate, I have thought it proper to bring the subject to your recollec tion. A copy of the last annual general returns of ihe o ilitia of th state, tak "in the Adjutant General's effice, will be presented to the Legislature for their use. Sundry public communications arc no W to be made and will be read by the Sccjc JONATHAN TRUMBULL. May Session, 1809. Norfolk. May 19. Captain Goodwin, arrived here yes* terdav in 16 days from St. Bartholo mews, informs, that on the morning of the day on which he lelt that place, Admiral Cochrane, with two line of battle ships, two frigates and a sloop of war, anchored in the harbor, In v 'ngin company a French 74, a prize, o ie of the pquadron that made itsev c ne from the Samtes, ohich be Cap fired a few days before after a running to the northward and westward of Sambarara. The remainder of the French 3hips escaped, ov ing to their superior mailing. The only damage the prize ship received was a few shot j holes iti her hull. i-—i Philadelphia, May 22 By the brig Cerberus, from Cadiz, j Iwe learn the following American yes- J sals were s< 'zed at Cadiz, by Mr. R. : S. Hackley, acting Consul, and to be r,ctit home for trial, on supposition of having evaded the Embargo. Accushant of New Bedford, Vigi lant of New York, Franklin of New- Fork. Very li'tle information that could be relied on, was received from the army ; 'he government taking the greatest care to ptwent the circula lion of intelligence u-favorable to the cause of Spain. Sufficient, however, transpired from time to time, to cause a general belief their affairs were in the most desperate situation. It was certain that the army of La Mancha had been defeated and completely ru mcd, in a series of engagements near Val dePenas, about the end of March. It was also certain, about the same time, that of Estremadura, under Cv esta. had had some very severe en counters, in one of which it suffered greatly, and was understood to have behaved gallantly, The result was not precisely known ; some accounts j saying it was completely defeated and j dispersed, while ethers asserted it to have suffered so little that the general n tended riving another battle in the hope of saving Seville It could not however be doubted that the victors had entered the province of Andalusia after the battle, and it seemed certain that tbty had arrived within from 18 to 20 leagues of Seville. No appre hensions were entertained for Cadi*, that place being remarkably strong; but it was the almost universal opinion to other place in the kingdom, or in Portugal, could long resist. From the latter the last accounts left a French army of 16Q00 at Bruga—tmd the Portuguese on the banks of the Ta ,rllH. A ( v was said to 1 aye been discovered* in which many of the . ; PorluMtesc nobility were concerned, ]to deliver the country to the French ; ' in Consequence of which Gen. Friere | and two of his aids had I the ioldiei paid in AnrANCK. The Marquis de Yrusso had been appointed by the Junta Minister to Brazil, and was to sail for that country in a few weeks. In addition to the above we pre in formed, that many of the French con fined in Cadiz, had died by the . of their imprisonment ; those alive, in cluding the soldiers taken in the field, the French mere* 1 French inhabitants of the town of Cadi; others who had been taken up on sus picion, of being inimical to the Spa nish cause, were shipped off for Mi norca. There was little or nothing said, as ou" informants could learn, of any n>> vcments o the French army along I the Spanish coast of the Meditcrraae ; an. It v> as said at Cadiz, that the whole French army in Spain, did not consist of me c than one hundred a»d twertty or thirty thousand men, for their whole operation in Spain. Ro il, it was understood, was in the mountains between Leon andGaliicia, but had done nothing of any greai. note, not being in so great force as could b wished. In confirmation of the re ports that England and Russia had ad justed their differences, it was Said at Cadil, that orders were received by tl■•; Beet at Lisbon, to treat the Rus sian flag with all the respect due to a friendly power. Extract of a letter from Cadiz, M April. 1809. " Ships ate in great demand: n ly all the vessels in the port are taken up in ihc transport service, to carry the French prisoners to the island of Minorca: the Junta allows abou', or will allow for a ship of 200 tons, £4000 a trip, with a convoy of three or tour ships of the line, and four or five fri gates and sloops of war, with insuring the ship, &c. The French army is stationed at Madrid ; the Spanish and British combined are at Seville. A great battle was fought a few days since; the particulars it is impossible / to learn, although the Spaniards re port it favorable to themselves. They appear in good spirit t here, but any thing unfavorable is never known pub licly, but men of general information appear at times alarmed. It is gene rally reported that the German pow ers have declared war against Bona i parte. The Moors have offered to j the service of Ferdinando the 7th»\ j 50,000 troops completely equipped | A great revolution has taken place j among the Portuguese ; many of their j leading characters have been disco ! vered corresponding with I; they have been generally killed—the government is under a British gene ral, of their own choice. Many of the confidential Spanish officers have gone to Madrid, and joined the French ar my. I fear much the seed of trea chery is too much sown and cherished for the patriots to prosper, without something unforeseen turns up." PUBLIC SVLE. VJLTLIBLE U.XUrP/WVEI) LOTS Iri the city of V/asbinrrton, for sale, at A I tion on the 10th June, 1809, AT RHODES' HOTEL, at 3 o'clock. 5 Lots in sq. 219, Nos. 3, 4, 6, 10 and 11; the two first are situated o:i an eminence in direct view of the President's House with a beautiful prospect of the river Potomac j they are in a very salubrious situation, and excellent water cap be procured at a small expence. For a gentler dwelling house, there is notasu, 1 spot in the whole city. i 3 Lots in sq. 168, Nos. 9, 10 8c 11; the situation of these lots is valuable for business. They lie in the n< borhood of Dr. Ellzcy, Caleb Swarm, John Tayloe and many others; No. 9 is a corner lot, well situated for a store, it being in the thickest settled part of the city and near to the War Office ; the adjoining lots are built on, :5 Lots in sq. 458, Nos. 1, 3, these lots are situated back of Weightmnn'sbook store and Lindsay' B hotel ar.d are contiguous to the pi market. The plat of the foregoing squares and lots can be seen by applying to the subscriber, who will show t. scs. lith SAM..SPF N. B. Thr above prop NO. 1346.