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The Michigan chronicle. [volume] (Detroit, Mich.) 1936-current, November 07, 1942, SECOND SECTION, Image 13

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045324/1942-11-07/ed-1/seq-13/

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The "thumbs up” spirit of there two Negro soldiers saved several
thousand gallons of gasoline and other valuable property when their
company gasoline dump caught fire. They have been awarded .he
Soldier's medal, highest award made to soldiers for bravery outside
combat action. Their names are: (left) Pfc. Earnest Wallace, Kings
tree. South Carolina, and (right) John H. Hayes, Chatom, Ala.
Won ’t Ok Funds For
Prostitute Camps
ing agreed that the public health
can best be protected through the
isolation and treatment of prosti- i
Tutes infected with venereal dis- j
eases, and having planned a pro- ;
-ii.im to meet the needs, all that is j
of the plans is the stubbornness of 1
the budget bureau, according to!
Applications had ro go through
Federal Works agency which ap
proves the establishment of the
necessary camps. Final approval
was given the plans and the mailer
\ then turned over to the budget bu
reau which had the final say
1 At this spot, quibbling over who
>hould p: rticipate and who should
aid has held up the program to
such an extent that sponsors are
“b'P'sJnning-tn'show signs of worry
At firs' the bureau agreed whol
ly with the TWA. then came the
question of asking the public health
service to contribute funds for the
support of the project; then an
! other question as to whether or not
the individual states should not be
called upon to take part in the Xin
j ancing.
Jails are Crowded
Meanwhile, jails Shroughout the
; country are being crowded with vi
olators o’ the law to* such an extent
creasingly worse.
All over the country, shocking
stories are being told by tne stare
1 authorities, who cannot account for
-1-IC- delay, ui. -CKtaala>h..na ..yhe. camps
as promised. In Norfolk, VS, 1,000
arrests for prostitution were made
in the first six months of 1942 wirh
990 -ourt convictions. More than
200 girls most of them with vener
eal diseases, arc being arrested each
(.month now A large percentage of
\nese nr* colored women.
, ,In one Florida town, 212 prosti
tutes, most of Them infected, were
Lrm.vded into a jail built to Hold 78 1
:G;rl in a Tennesse town take turns
s.ceping on the few pillows and
m.attresse- in jail. In Georgia 43 in
fected women were herded into a
tspred Release of Funds
FWA has done its utmost to speed
up the release of funds for the prop
er care of these unfortunates and i
constantly in tourh with the bud
: get burea in an effor* to reach
some satisfactory arrangement
whereby the camps will be put into
The plar calls for the use of aban- '
doned CCC camps, where the in- !
fected women will be isolated for
treatment Thiny camps are plan
ned to be used in '0 states White
and colored will be treated a.ike in I
these camps According to statis
tics. the need is greater for camps
for colored women than for whites I
| Unless the budget bureau releas
es the funds the condition will grow
| steadily v orse 1
Negroes to pay the poll tax where
requirec a id to make ful* use o. j
privileges of citizenship, Dr. Luther
P Jackson, professor of history at
Virg.ma ■ .ate college. Saturday at
the second session of the Associa |
i tion for tt*e Study of Negro Life
; and History told his listeners to
nave every Negro go to the polls
375,000 On WPA Rolls;
Smith Says Most
Arc Negroes
i\ ■■ -
tr-~- •••• I —cuuccxn-..
in : WPA twos Alfred
E<ic r Smith, race relations officer
o: 'i.i! organization. At present,
thcie are M>:nc 375000 persons on
the WPA rolls, a large percentage
The nrw idea is to put these
v u'kers into war work and to train
them wherever possible to lake
• the WPA
•■ft is estimated one fourth of the
c . > .1. ' says Mr .Smith. Optimism
T# T.peiy-d by 1 consideration of facts
industry and many of them are
women heads of famiPes with small
c.iildrcn Sample studies indicate
high median age for workers ana
m .nyot tnese will not fit into ex*'
is • g training projects
”Tri ■;t.l .f women, p large num
her w«*“ physically Ur.abje to do>
laut; i:i • OIK or any domestic work ,
considered that numbers of col
ored workers have already left the'
ro-emr .oyn enlon V. PA unless “hey
lire absorbed bv private industry ,
Mr Smith was asked about the’
<i intinuanre of sehool lunches
i being Talked of :n the capital
end it is t.. 0 Dad that our best proj- '
t be curtailed because of a lark
c: v ■ mers Unless we compete with
I v r.i- industry and pay higher
v _va» i.-read of the . *se.’urit\
wage' row given thee workers, we
j it el n n e t urn If we pay
h.gacr wages, or the prevaung
• _ 'O. io WPA
I.t s number fully one-fourth arc
Hold Juvenile
On Rape Charge
\ juvenile was held this week by
T o al’eged incident took place i
cn October 30 The accused youth ;
v - arrive* while nca Fores: and
R.vard streets I
12 Negroes Sue Coast
Line For Race Insult
class. Pullman, from Tampa, to
N w York on June 30
When rev attempted to obtain 1
service in the dining car both at 1
breakfast and at dinner, they were
In their petition, they claim the
sole reason (jr the denial was that
they were Negroes They asked the
ICC to sue orders enjoining the
ra.lroad frfom engaging in sirrtilar
further discriminatory practices of
th.s nature against colored pass-
Wiil.atif, Standard, a New York
attorney. Is representing tne group
The *ecretary s iffUe *>f ICC says
no date has been set for the hear- ;
uigs in the case. I
-1 .n c Atlantic Coast Line riiircad
i lift Negroes. 12 men have
t u..n their lawyer en ered suit,
f .. • h the Interstate Commerce
Tne ten Clarence Brown. Thom
r-. J :e>. Lamest Rutledge. John A
I .. . : W lilt Everett N
\V <• Ciorer.ce Wright. Linva. W'•
• • ■ ; .rei • Fe.ipa R C Dam
. Dudley Gibb.’.don. RavLnond
<. • r. Melnot: Meyers. Adrian
R mark* Herbert Davn an i Lo
»« . . I
Appeal Is Filed With
Circuit Court Os
NEW YORK—<ANP>—The right
of the Democratic party to deny
1 Negroes the right to vole tnrough
1 "white primaries" is expected to
j Dt* challenged when Lonnie E
I Smith appeals a decision handed
| down las' June by the United States
j District court at Houston The ap
i peal will be filed in the United
I States Circuit Court of Appeals.
Counsel from the N A A.C.P will
appear tor the complainant and tne
American Civil Liberties union will
file,a brief as friend of the court in
behalf o' the voters
Smith was denied his suffrage
rights in a recent Texas primary
and filed suit seeking the privilege
to exercise his constitutional guar
antee The lower U. S. court re-
I fused to follow the precedent ol
the decision-rendered by the su
! preme court in the Classic case of i
j Louisiana which held that any in- ]
I rerference with a citizen's right to
l vote in congressional primaries "is
|in fact an interference with the
1 effective choice of the voters at
j the only stage of the election pro
cedure where their choice is of sig
Two Cities Claim Messman Hero
■jb,*"* •* J** jjFfaf
For the members of this advanced class, sho vn
studying navigation at Tuskegee Army Flying
school, the world seems smaller each day. Staff
Infantry Activated As Second
All-Negro Division In Alabama
Says Case Is Different
The district court held That while
interference might be effective in
| Louisiana where the primary is aic-
I tually a part of the election pro
cedure. the case was different - in
Texas where the Democratic pri
! mary is a private affair financed ex
clusively by party funds. Previous
• ••«*- ruling- -tne - hrgh •
court had held that the right of a
political party to control its own
primary and exclude Negroes frpm 1
voting was valid
The appeal will argue that since ;
the Texas primary is controlled by j
statute ir is a part of the election .
procedure, and that refusal to per
mit Negroe's to vote solely on ac- !
count of race is in direct violation i
of the 15rh amendment which guar
antees the vote to Negroes.
Control of the Democratic party
in Texas operates to make primaries
in effect elections, since the nomin- !
ated candidate in the primary is al
ways rhe winner in the general
Democratic nominees have been
elected ir all major elections with
only two exceptions since 1859 In
1939 the Democratic party was the
only par'y to cast more than 100
U.S. Needs Trained
Negro Technicians
S. Civil Service commission an
nounce) this week that applica- j
tions vill be received for the fol- |
lowing position, appointments to J
be made for civilian war service, i
Photographers: wet plate process '
and micro' im photographers, par
ticularly reeded, and women ap- j
plicanfs especially wanted: salary.'
$1,440 to $3,800 a year.
Motion picture technicians: cam- j
eramen, film technicians, sound
technicians and projoc’iorfista, sal- i
ary. $1,440 to $3,800 a year. ''"Ham
full information from local post
masters or write the U. S. Civil!
Service commission, Washington.
D C.
The recent activation of the 92nd
i Infantry Division at Fort McClel
lan, Ala, marks the second fully
organized all-Negro Division now
,n training This is the "Buffalo
, which ditinguished itself in the
, Meuse-Argonne Offensive.
| Activatiort ceremonies were held i
•in the new open air> theatre The
invocation was given by . Captain !
' Louis J Beasley, Division Chaplain !
• afsd the activation order was given
IDy Colonel F. E Barber. Infantry.
Executive Officer. Lieutenant Gen
. eral of the Second Army, spoke on
i the effeient manner in which the
j routine "This training." he said.
, will prove of great value in the near
future when the chips are down."
Major General E. M Almond.
I Commanding Officer of the Div - ,
! sion, spoke of the citations and ’
awards earned by their predeces
sors and stated: "There is no doubt
; in my mind that the present outfit
| will continue these traditions” |
! Geenral Almond has been in “he
| Regular Army since 1916 and dur
' mg the V/orld War was a member
of the 4th Division.
Have Colorful History
The "Buffaloes" were organized i
November 29. 3917. from the firs!
[contingent of Negro draftees ar
riving a the various camps and
cantonments throughout the Unitea
I Stares The first unit embarked
|at Hoboken. N J , reaching France i
June 19. 1918. and establishing head
quarters at Bourbonne-les-Baines !
In August oi the ame year they took
up positions in the St Die Sector, j
receiving their first baptism of fire
and actua’ contacr with the enemy
Beginning September 21. 1918.
the Division left the St Die Sector ,
and was ordered to take positions !
along the Meuse-Argon.no front i
Preparations for the great drive ol ,
the Allies, which had been sched
uled to begin September 25. were J
| almost complete So from then on i
it was one engagement after an-i
1918 Rivet Record
Is Still Good
Police Quiz
Fast Runner
present day Negro is going to break ,
' the world -ecord established May
! 16. 1918. by Charles Knight and his,
! crew of seven workers, when in
i one day, they fastened 4.875 rivets
at the Bethlehem Shipbuilding l
! Sparrows Point plant?
I Kn.ght received g total of $277!
I for his day's work He earned $lO2.
| He was given a bonus of SSO for ,
' bringing the recor i to America and I
a Londoner, through .two London
papers, gave him an award of $125. I
The record previous to Knight's'
feat, was held by a Scotchman who j
t hsd to his credit 4,442 rivets for a
dav's output
Chairman Hurley of the United 1
States Sh ping board congratulated
, Knig.,t on his accomplishment and
1 said he was proud to do so. 1
That haste maker waste and j
sometime results in injuries to one
self is probably a lesson learned
thi« week by Burnett Stimpson. 30. 1
of 5660 Twenty-fourth srreet. East ,
Vernor Highway who told police!
that he was running so fast he I
ran into a window and sustained I
injuries to his body when the g!a: !
However, police have another ,
version of the alleged ncident as
they held Alston for investigation
of breaking and ontering*a build
:ng Sfimoson told poli-’e that he,
was being followed by several men
while nca- 804 Henry street and
had ran into the s4*ss window
'trying to get from hit al
-1 leged pursuer*.
rtU rfjiaan^cajrenitfe
•i a mi i w t. E-. fS fICjJ
| other, Voivrettc. Wood. Pagny.
Bois many others, all
| fought vigorously and with honor
! Immediately following the Arm
isticc, the 92nd Division was named
fr.mnrrg -tt.-ttc' dlvistrms "ScrrettuiFO “nr
embark for the United States and
jon February 5, 1919, they began
I leaving France after completing
nine months of foreign service.
Received Citations
! The 92nd received a great num- i
her of citations and awards sor 1
distinguished -endue* on the battle- '
fields both individually and collec-'j
: lively. On November 10 1918, an I
attack was made on Pcgny, a
stronghold of the German line op- ,
: posite the Mclz forts. In the gen- |
56th Infantry, part of a French
force, became hopelessly entangled
chine-gun batteries The First' Bat
talion of the 367th Regiment, which
was on the left, came to their res
cue and held the position until re*
inforcements arrived For this ac
tion the entire battalion was award
ed the Croix de Guerre b.y the
French military authorities.
Major General Charles H Martin,
commanding officer of the division
cited a number ol officers, noncom
missioned officers and privates of
the 365th Infantry for meritorious
conduct in action at Bois Frchaut
on November 10 and 11
General John J. Pershing? in his
address to the men just previous to
their departure for the United
States, said: "The 92nd Division has
been without a doubt, a great suc
cess. and I desire to coinmend both
the officers and men for the high
state of discipline and the excellent
morale which has existed in this
command during i* entire stay in
ing for the United Races oi
America, a California non-profit,
educationa' corporation. I’ugh E.
Macbeth, chairman, and Bra
neen Urban, director ot public
•activities, last week sent a tele
gram t-* President Roosevelt
asking that colored nAvsmrn be
admitted to White House press
conferences and to the press gal
leries of congress.
Pay Os WAACs Boosted
WASHINGTON D C -Prei.acnl j
Roosevelt Tuesday signed legiila ,
ttion giving merr.be'-- of the Worn
en's Army Auxiliary corps the same
pay as that of meo in the army |
CLEVELAND. Ohio "Tips' ,
Goodwir tavern keeper, was frped
last week in The courtroom of Mun- ;
icipal Judge Silbert on charges f
murderinr Nathaniel Watkins dur- ]
ing an aftlrcation 'ast Sept. 20 re-1
suiting over a beer bottl#
Sergeant Leonard D. Nelson (left) teaches one
section of a class while the other section flies.
ToSpend $5,000,000 To
Develop Plant For i
negotiation of an agreement be-1
tween the United States and Haiti, I
whereby the forqjer plans To spend
around $5,000,000 to develop a plant |
of rubber bearing family, was con-i
aidercd in Port-au-Prince Wednes-)
day of last week.
The plant, known as cryptostegia.
s a native of Madagascar, but agri
cultural experts say it can be grown
in the ilsand republic It has a high '
content of rubbvr producing sap |
in six months.
Some 100.000 Hainan farmers arc I
expected to be absorbed in the de- |
velopment of the plant and already |
ample areas have shown great j
The production of rubber in Hai- :
ti has been undergoing intcnsivel
experimentation for the past yearn
with the United Stares eager to
find acreage where the climate j
conditions favor the growth of these j
plants. The development of similar
areas n the West Indies is believed
possible and with their develop
ment the dependence on The East
Indies for rubber will bo elimin-
Ga. Official Urges
War On Vigilantes
| ATLANTA. < ANP)—Dan Juke.
ass:>tant solicitor of Fulton county
j superior court, said Wednesday that
' it was time for citizens of the south
to “rise up anc! fight" vigilantes,
regardless of the form in which
I they appear.
j Gov. Eugene Talrrndge. recently
September primary has announced
formation of an organization known I
| ship open only to "white male
j Christians."
Duke appeared before the state
I prison board to oppose
[ a bearing fnr* Raymond "Slim"
■ Bryant; ’’white, following his con- 1
viction some time ago in a Ku Klux .
j Klan flogging case.
The French textile industry le using
the # hljcr known a.- Spanish broom I
grown along the Mediterranean in j
France and Spain, to blend with wool, I
rayon, flax and juts.
Council Os
United Negro
Leaders Bom
‘Relatives’ In Two Cities
Identify War Hero
CHICAGO.—(ANP,—Juft who ii
The messman known only as
"French" whose act of heroism in
swimming through shark infested
waters near the Solomon Islands,
as he towed a raft load of wounded
white sailors to safety, resulted in
praise of his feat over the radio?
Thus far, he has been "identified”
by “relatives" in two widely sep-
I a rated cities, Newark, N J.. and
Omaha. Neb
In 'he Eastern city, he \tfas iden
tified by Mrs. Millie FrtYicii as
’ "my son, Fred B French.' accord
j ing to Alfred A. Duckett, Pittsburgh
Courier correspondent. She said a
i telegram had come to her from the
navy department listing her boy as
"missing” but she had refused to
j believe h* was dead
i The description of the messman
j as "husky" and "powerful" was an
other indication that the hero is her
son. She said Fred is 5 feet. II
inches tall and weighs 250 pounds.
I His former employer, a white New
ark merchant, also believes this is
her son
1 However, out in Omaha, the mess
man was identified as "my brother,
I Charles J French," by Viola
j French, who said their father died
1 when h*i 'Wss' five' Tffcf'HTe mother ~
passed when he was 10. There are
I also a brother and a half brother in
this family of Frenches. The Kan
sas City Call carried an arncle on
j the Omaha identification.
The messman referred to in Oma
ha is 22 years old, 5 feet, 6 inches
tall and weighs about 200 pounds.
He is also powerful and hifsky.
Concerned with developing col
lective action in thr trade unions
toward breaking down all barriers
which prevent the maximum use
of Negro manpowe in the ta.sk of :
winning the war. 3l) Negro lead- J
ers of a group of AFL. CIO aqd |
independent unions of this city !
met Saturday ar.d organized the !
Council of United Negro Labor
The following were elected to
office: chairman, Charles S Hill
Local 80, Hotel ard Restaurant :
Employes. AFL: vice-chairman, :
James E Harris. Local 471. Cafe
teria Workers. Cl''- vice-chairman.
William J Arnold. National Alli
ance of Postal Employes; secre-
tary-treasurer. W A Hunton. Lo.- *
cal 440, Amreican Federation of *
' Teachers. AFL; recording secre
tary. Mrs. James Kimbro, Local
82, Building Service. AFL; corre
sponding secretary, Mrs. Jewell R
Mazique, Washington Industrial |
Union council.
Elected to the executive com
mittee were Griffin Richardson.
Local 603. United Transport Serv
ice employes, AFL; James B
,Cobb, National Alliance of Postal
Employes; Mrs H. R. Sugland. Lo
; cal 440. American Federation of
Teachers, and Joseph E. Mat- i
| thews. Local 95. United Federal
I Workers of America, CIO.
The meeting was addressed by
■Calvin, -A.—Douglas—-president wf
| the Baltimore Council of Labor
Leaders. Clarence M Mitchell.
! War* Manpower commission, and
Momen Weston, chairman. N Y.
I State Civil Liberties Committee of,
the International Workers order.
Parker May
Fill High
Court Post
i his closest advisers urging him to \
I fill the vacancy on the sup. erne
j court bench. President Roosevelt is
J '.ijd to have ir mind a Republican
for the post, since the prosent cour t ;
Is seven Democrats to two Republi
cans. But ~c man he admires most
! is Judge John J. Parker, whom the |
i Negroes of the country blackballed
I during the Hoover administration
I Judge Parker was accused ot
I favoring "yellow dog" labor con
tracts Leading the fight against
I him. the N.A.A.C.P. won over suf
ficient senators to block Parker s
I confirmation by that body. How
lever, it is reported that he has
made an (Utstanding record since
that time as justice of the ’J S j
• Circuit Court of Appeals in North |
Carolina Negroes are watching this i
development with keen interest.
~JOINERVILLE, Texas - The,
Goldsberry High <chool here stag- ,
ed its first big ictivity of the cur
rent school year Tuesday, when a 1
patriotic program embodying rec
itations, musical renditions, min
strels and othe» presentations were
I given by students from the Fre
donia high school, near Kilgore.
McGhee, Confused,
Predicts Bloodshed
ently confusing the terms, "civil
liberties" and "social equality,”
Rep. McGhee (D.. Miss.l, declared
in the house last Thursday that so
cial equality between whites and
Negroes "is being enforced by the
administration in every public
' building and office that it has con
trol of,”
He added: "The good Negroes do
not want this situation and the good
white people are not going to have
,t The Mississippi congressman
concluded: "If the adminstration
docs not correct it, it is going to
cause more trouble and bloodshed
than was spilled during the Civil
Louis Fight Blamed
In White Divorce
CHICAGO 'ANP*—An argument
j over the Joe Lnuis-Jim Braddock
title in June. 1937, has resulted in
j a divorce being awarded List week
to Mrs. Estelle Zwiner, 28. from her
J husband, Arthur. 40. now a soldier.
The Zwiners are white.
In testifying before Judge Sab
oath in superior court, Mrs. Zwiner
said her husband not only picked
Louis to win. but blacked both her
j eyes when she insisted Braddock
would retain his crown.
WMC Receives Plea For
Negro Traction Workers
' Manpower Commission officials
| received a plea Wednesday to com
pel the Capital Transit company,
which operates all street cars and
1 buses ii the district, to employ
colored men as bus and street car l
. conductors. Sidney R Katz, sccrc
tary-treasurer of the Maryland and
District Industrial Union council
] <CIO> made the appeal
Because of the la-bor shortage the
I company, he declared, is unable to
I fully utilize all of its available roll
, ing stock ai this time when it is.
I vitally needed to relieve the public i
transportation system.
i The transit company has been ad
| vertising throughout the South for
I "white" operators, rather than give
i Negroes jobs as operators. Fre
-1 quent protest; have brought many
• replies, -ne of which was that there
j were "no colored neighborhoods
i served by the transsit company
which would warrant using colored
An increase in the number of ac- -
cidents involving public transpor
! tation facilities, however, has made
, the general public conscious of the
j incompetence of the present oper-

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