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The Michigan chronicle. [volume] (Detroit, Mich.) 1936-current, January 22, 1944, Image 1

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DETROITER KILLED AT SELFRIDGE
All Thg News Of
All The People
PRICE 10c
VOLUME 8
JEFFRIES SHUFFLES IHIERRACIAL BOARD
SON WINS WINGS
vmmmmm} i ■ nib ■■ i t . tun i m ■ i-w w
B*" % *: ,'fV • ‘ •
I
Following cadtl graduation of Um Yuskegee Amy Air Field. Mrs.
Janie Browton of Detroit. Mich- la shown with box ion U Bobort
O'Nail, after having boon a war dad bis wings and com mission in
the Post ChapaL—Photo by AAF Training Command.
Local Labor Leader
m Wtns'Nr i Vl WotelSwff
*vwfir«Fs '<' r v
William Bowman, well kool*n in
ternational representative of
UAW-CIO. won a civil right* stilt
in New York City last week against
the assistant manager of the Knick
SPOT NEWS
BULLETINS
BROTItEBHOOD WEEK
In asking Americana to observe
Brotherhood Week from February
to to U. President EoootycU
lout Saturday that Brotherhood
Week "dedicates «■ to the Practice
of understanding and iostlce
through which freedom and equal
ity flourish In human society.
NEGROES TREATED BETTER
According to the poll conducted
by the Negro Digest. Negro service
men are being treated better in
thts war than they were in 1917.
The poll w’aa conducted among both
Negroes and whites. None of the
persons Interviewed believe how
ever that Negroes were treated
fairly.
TEXAS PRIMARY FIGHT
The assistant attorney general of
Texas in defending the exclusion of
Negroes from the Democratic pri
mary in Texas before the *»P r «™;
court Intimated that if the 571.000
Negroes of voting age in Texas or
ganised their own party “they could
whip u»* anytime."
FLETCHER HENDERSON
Fletcher Henderson's newly re
cruited Negro and white band went
to Harvard university last week
and the maestro was interviewed
over the university's broadcast by
a jazz authority. The black and tan
band keeps Henderson out of the
Southland.
art exhibit
• Hale Woodruff, professor of art
St Atlanta university, is having a
display of his paintings at the
Grace Horne galleries In Boston lHs
HTSee SPOT NEWS. Page 4
Sc • • • •
PATRIOTIC!
SINT THAT
EXTRA
ROOM
TO SELECTED WAR
WORKERS
Through The Classified
Page of
The MICHIGAN CHRONICLE
Temple 1-8878
Main Office: 268 Eliot Street
•Aocker Hotel where Mr. Bowinan
wag denied a room. The assistant
manager waa fined SIOO.
It appears that Br. Bowman was
attending a labor conference in
Hew, York on March 23 when the
*Al«nt occurred. The . assistant
mftofger revealed In court that he
Mr. Bowman that the
Knickerbocker had as guests at that
time; many persons who might be
offenofcd by the presence of a Ne
gro as a hotel guest.
Mr. Bowman who Is well known
in Detroit labor circles is originally
from Saginaw. He is now working
as an organizer in the Buffalo di
vision of the UAW-CIO.
82,205 He re Face
Cancellation Of
Voting Privilege
City Clerk Thomas D* Lcadbet
ter's staff of election employees are
mailing out cancellation of regis
tration notices to 82.205 Detroiters,
whose names appear ugder the reg
istration rolls but who have not
voted during the past two years.
Many qualified citizens, who have
not voted regularly, will undoubt
edly want to participate In this
year's important primary and presi
dential election. Mr. Ledbetter
therefore suggests that the reply
card attached to notice, and which
requests a continuance of registra
tion. be returned to his office im
mediately. This will insure regis
trations being continued in good
standing for at least another two
year period, and for practically a
iifetlme if elector hereafter votes
at least once every two years.
Frank Winn Takes
Post With Reuther
Frank Winn, liberal Texan, has
resigned his position as publicity
director of Ford Local 600. it was
announced this week. Mr. Winn
has accepted a new position on the
staff of the war policy division of
the International Union, under Vic
tor Reuther, assistant director.
Mr. Winn is well known in in
terracial circles and held the post
at local 600 for the two years.
He edited the semi-monthly local
newspaper, Ford Facts.
Woman Is Held In
Sfabbing Of 2 Men
A 30-year-old woman was held
this week as a suspect its the stab
bin# of two persons during an al
tercation on Eight Mile Road and
Cherrylawn.
Treated at the hospital were Jesse
Wade. 42. of 20500 Ilene and Lloyd
Capurs. 42. of the same address,
taken to Receiving hospital. Also
treated was Mary King, of 20101
Kentucky street
Police learned that the two men
were stabbed by Miss Mary King
during an argument. All three were
treated for minor injunct.
White Farmers Threaten To Lynch
School Head In Ouster Of Negroes
Workers In Ford
Foundry Unit Top
War Bond Quota
First qnit of the giant Ford Local
600 (UAW-CIO) to meet and pass
its bond quota in the Fourth War
Loan drive was the Aluminum
Foundry, according to an announce
ment mad# Monday by James Oden,
president of the unit
•‘Nearly’ 1500 workers are em
ployed in the Aluminum Foundry,
over 90 per cent of whom are Ne
groes." Oden said, “and with a quota
of SIOO each, their total share of Lo
cal 600 s part in the drive was $145.-
000. This amount was subscribed in
the first week of the campaign.”
Workers in this building are en
gaged in producing aluminum cast
ings used in the production of
Prstt and Whitney engines which
Sjwer planes fighting on every
oiled Nations front, and the wage
rates are lower than those in other
buildings working skilled classilt-
Stions. In setting the quota for in
vidual workers in the plant, the
average of SIOO is the same, regard
less of the wage rate of the worker.
Oden gavd full credit for the
drive to the building committee,
and to a group of women workers <
who assisted in the solicitation. I
rtt wT* tJwnß&il Jam#* warm
MU lags Hudson and Jack Venable.
'Special credit should also he given
Miss Mildred Jackson and Dorothy
Tynor. 4 *
Negro Artist
Lectured At
State College
Mr. Hale Woodruff, for the past
12 years instructor of art at Atlanta
university, and featured in the gov
ernment-sponsored boqklet “Ne
groes in the War,” as one of Ameri
ca’s outstanding artists, completed
a three-day lecture and demonstra
tion series at Michigan State col
lege, Lansing, Mich., Wednesday of
this week.
Prior to becoming an Instructor
in Atlanta, Mr. Woodruff studied
under some of the ration’s leading
artists and was a student in Paris
in the early 1930’5. Awarded a fel
lowship by the Rosenw’ald Fund,
he received a leave of absence from
Atlanta university to paint in New
York throughout the year 1944.
While in Detroit Mr. Woodruff
inspected the work of several local
painters in an effort to secure
paintings for the annual exhibit at
Atlarta university. He was the guost
of Mr. and Mrs. Hughie Lee-Smith
of Oxford Hall.
Child Was Burned
A four-year-old child who suf
fered second and third-degree
burns of the neck, face and chest,
was treated at Receiving hospital
last week.
He was identified as Robert Bell
of 508 Adelaide street. His condition
was reported as not serious by hos
pital attaches.
READY FOR WAR LOAN DRIVE
- r#L
y 4 Bbbb 1 J
The Interracial War Bond committee made
preparations (or opening the Fourth War Loan
Bond driva last Thursday la tha dining room oi
DETROIT, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JANUARY 22, 1944
PUPILS PLAN TO
‘STRING HIM UP’
IN RACIAL STRIFE
71 Farmers Indicted In
Ejection Of Negroes
From Farm
POPLAR BIiJFF, Mo. Racial
disturbances WUch have shaken
the Ozark Hills mea during the past
weeks, took on Mother complexion
Monday when white pupils of the
Brosely Consolidated high school
threatened to “stflng up” their su
perintendent because of his family's
connection with the entrance of
Negroes into an all-white commu
nity.
The superintendent. Gerald Clark,
white. 33. is the son of W. W. Clark,
from whose 900 acre tract four Ne
gro families were ejected Dec. 8
by a mob of men. 71 of w’horn are
under indictment on charge of ip- I
citing to not as a result of the ac
tion.
Warned es Threat
Clark, who.has taught in ths
tntc^lS^ftdlSa^nSnE^Sr
that he had better not go an to
school.
He told authorities that the man
informed him the fupiU, some of
whom are full grown, were laying
for him and that they intended to
do him bodily harm. Clark went
back home.
Meantime another flareup over
the first appearance of Negroes in
the Brosely community, in Ash
Hill township 10 miles east of
Poplar Bluff, was eased this week
when Lois Cooper, a white farmer,
informed Sheriff M. L. Hogg that
to avoid further trouble he would
give up his plan to bring a Negro
family to his farm to help work his
land.
He had brought a Negro man and
a woman to his farm from Malden
on Saturday, but took them away
Monday after he received threats of
trouble.
Removed By Mob
Negroes removed by the mob a
month ago had been brought into
the community from New Madrid
county and were working on the
farm of the largest land owner in
BET See FARMERS. Page 4
Mrs. Rosa Gragg
Sunday Speaker
The Women’s Society of Chris
tian Service of Scolt Methodist
church will hold their annual in
stallation and pledge service Sun
day. January 23. 1944. at the church
during the regular morning serv
ices. 11:45 a m.
Mrs. Rosa Gragg will be the
speaker and the meeting will be
presided over by the president of
the society. Mrs. L. V. Yancy. A
very impressive service has been
•prepared and the public is invited
to attend.
Above are the three colored members of tba new to right: Aliy. Cecil Rowlett*. Waller Hardin,
interracial committee named last week by member of the CIO. and Atty. Edward Simmons.
Mayor Edward J. Jeffries. They sre. from loft recent candidate for the Common Council.
DETROIT FLYER
KILLED SUNDAY
IN PLANECRASH
Funeral services tor Second Lieu
tenant Paul C. Simmons Jr., $2. of
6757 Hartford avenue, will be held
today (Thursday) at Plymouth
Corrgregational church with the
Rev. fjorace A. White officiating.
The young flyer, was killed Sun
day* when a fighter plane in which
he was on a combat training mis
sion from Selfridge Field crashed
on a farm one mile south of Attica,
in Lapeer county. Following a rou
tine investigation by army air force
Daytonians Hear
Magnolia Simms
Thursday evening in the beauti
ful, newly-decorated Phillips Tem
ple. the dramatist Magnolia Simms,
dressed in a flowing beige evening
gown with a mild contrast of red
velvet thrilled her audience as she
read with deep interpretation “Song
of Hiawatha. Ehccerpt 20" from the
works of Longfellow. Following
this, the artist read Sandburg’s
•’Chicago" and James Weldon
Johnson’s "Prodigal Son." For the
evening humor the dramatist read
Dunbar's "When Malindy Sings”
and ‘Temptation."
Professor Antonio Haskell, music
composer, played an organ inter
lude to the third part of the concert.
“Deep River."
In magnificent poise the artist
returned to the stage and rendered
beautifully "Hagar" by Mickloson.
The evening program was closed in
grand style as Miss Simms read
Hughes’ “Song to A Negro Wash
woman." Johnson's "Creation" and
William Border’s "I Am Some
body." 4
tha Lucy Thurman Branch Y.W.CA Frank IV.
labay. state chairman of the Michigan War Loan
drive was the principal speaker. Charles H. Ma
honey. chairman el the committee* preaided.
MEMBERS OF INTERRACIAL COMMITTEE
BR~Ti i FLYERS. Page 4
[ »- j^Qnßni^j
f • wflß jm
T . * /*n
I S. ■
May File Blanket
Suits To Abolish
Jim Crow Travel
Possibility of filing "blanket
suits'* against railroad and bus com
panies which Jim CroW Negro pas
ta* «* mum* wit es solaced
troops by adhering to policies of
discrimination and segregation, will
be the main topic of discussion at
the conference of the National
Committee to Abolish Jim Crow
Travel at St. Antoine Street Branch
YMCA January 29.
William L. Sherrill, chairman of
the committee, said this week that
organization of the group which
will specialize in the fight to abol
ish the un-American practice of
Jim Crow travel has created na
tional interest. Correspondence re
ceived from attorneys in states
where Negroes are Jim Crowed on
trains and buses indicated that the
movement to break down such
practices is receiving immediate
support
At the- January 29 conference,
which will be attended by dele
gates from many cities in Michigan
and adjoining states, immediate at
tention will be given ,f> to cases of
Negro servicemen who have been
unable to travel on furloughs be
cause of Jim Crow laws which, in
many instances, insist that all white
passengers must be assured of
travel before Negroes are allowed
to board trains and buses.
Motorists Argue,
One Shot In Hip
A 27-year-old man. whom police
say w’a* driving a car reported
stolen was accused this week as the
assailant of another motorist who
met near Chestnut and Chene
street.
, Police learned that James Pat
ton. 27. of 2225 McDougall avenue
was shot in the right hip during an
argument with a motorist at the
above named street intersection.
It was disclosed that Patton was
driving east on Chestnut street
when a man driving a Plymouth
auto turned left on Chestnut. The
narrow street made one driver un
able to pass the other. At this time
an altercation arose. The Plymouth
auto driver, so police records dis
closed, drew a gun and shot Pat
ton.
Police Investigating the case later
arrested Walter Smith. 42. of 3479
Preston stret, who was identified by
a witness as the man .who had shot
Patton a short time previous.
Smith was held for an assault
with intend to kill by homicide
squad detect*ver
Army Private Is
Held For Robbery
A 27-year-old army private sta
tioned at Selfridge Field. Mich.,
was held by military authorities
this week after he had been arrest
ed as a suspect in a robbery attempt
here.
Pvt. Edward N. Johnson so police
say, was seen in the act of attempt
ing to rob Raymond Kimble. 45. of
575 Gratiot street Kimble tokl
police that he had six dollars dur
ing the theft attempt
Johnson fled as police arrived
wear the scene •id was shot at by
a police officer. wHo JaTer Win
for the larceny investigation
Edward Crowe. 24. of 103 Stmt--
son street, according to police, waa
an eye-witness to the alleged in
cident j
Telephone TEmple 1-8878
i SBb
*v?v
SENEGALESE
PRISONERS
PUT INTO ARMY
t
By GEORGE FAJDMORE
LONDON (Censored)
Fuehrer Adolf Hitler, faced
with the threat of a second
front, has dropped his racial
superiority theories to take
into his armies colored soldiers.
Forced into the Nazi forces by
fascist terror are large numbers of
French Sengalese, Sikhs and Hindus
from India. Turkmans and Tartars
from the Asiatic republics of the
Soviet Union and other colored sol
diers taken prisoners in the North
African campaigns.
A Russian Quisling, a General
Vlassov. is vre puled to be in charge {
of troops recently moved to the
South of France. These battalions
include colored Tukrmans, Tartars
and other Asiatics from the Ural
Republics, as well as Georgians, <
These men are colorfully dressed
in red fur caps, and some carry long
sabres. Their headquarters are at
Bezieres and Sigean, where there
are also some Cossack units.
The Russian staff officers are re
cruited from White anti-Soviet
Russians in Paris, Prague and
Vienna. The men. on the other hand,
come from prisoner-of-war camps,
where they were given the choice
of joining these "Osrlegionen,- as
the Germans now call them, or
rotting with their comrades behind
barbed wire.
Conditions in the Russian prison
camps in Germany are so dreadful
that the temptation to get out. be
decently clothed and fed, is very
great. But even so the Germans in
vited only the most backward of
Wm~ r i i SENEGALESE. Page 4
Willie B. Yancy,
1 Of 5 Brothers
In Service, Dies
One of the five sons of Mr. and
Mrs. Ernest B. Yancy of 17229 Main
street, who were inducted into the
service will receive a militar y
burial immediately following the
arrival of two brothers now sta
tioned at army camps in California
and Texas.
Funeral services for Willie B
Yancy, who died in Grossc Ille
Naval hospital of spinal menengitis
January 17 will be held either Sat
urday or Monday, pending the ar
rival of both brothers who have
been notified of hia death. Two
other brothers. Roosevelt and Lee,
are serving in the North African
and Italian war tones with the
, American armed forces.
The 19-ycar-old naval trainee en
. listed in the service Nov. 6. 1943.
and was sent to the Great Lakes
• IllJ Training Station. He strived
in Detroit Jan. 6 to spend a IS-day
furlough with his family. Last week
he became ill. and at the suggestion
of the family physician, was rushed
to the Naval hospital at Groeea lUe
where he died Monday.
Besides the brothers tn the serv
ice "TT* is tbrvived by his parents.
Mr and Mrs Ernest B Yancy Sr,
tt attter. Ruby and twre brothers.
Ernest B. Jr., and Matthew. Fu
neral arrangements were incom
plete when st went to preen
WE
Are Americans Too
RACE MEMBERS
SAY GROUP HAS
‘BRIGHT FUTURE'
Hardin Wants Flaws In
Education And Police
Depts. Corrected
Full cooperation in- any effort
and with any organization working
for better relations between racial
and minority groups and the gen
eral moral uplift of the city of De
troit was the pledge of three Negro
members of Mayor Edward J. Jef
fties’ recently appointed Interred!'
Commission who were interviewee
by Michigan Chronicle reporter)
this week.
At .the same time, one membei
of the commission, Walter Hardin
international chairman of the UAW
CIO Interracial Committee, said
that he would be reluctant to con
tinue with any group unit* some
attempt is made to get at the basic
causes of friction between the race*.
None of the appointees had been
officially notified of tbeir appoint
ments or the date of the commis
sion's first meeting when we went
to press Tuesday.
Kdueetlen. PoHoe Hit
In a statement to this reporter
Monday. Hardin pledged “fullest
cooperation** with the mayor’s ef
fort to bring about better under
standing between the races and pre
dicted a “bright future" far the
commission. ■ > ‘wj
“Th«s group can do * lot of good
sound work for ktocML
j RoomerWatSlain
!By Rifle Shot
A' Winder street caretaker wee
questioned by police this week in
the fatal shooting of a 42-year-old
roomer, accused .of creating a dis
turbance in the apartment build
ing.
Questioned by police was James
T. Freeman of 21C Winder street,
who told police that he was the
caretaker at-the above address and
that Robert Berry bed come shortly
before midnight and had created e
disturbance.
Freemen claimed that Berry be
came abusive and that he was or
dered to leave, at which time Berry,
so police learned, ran his hand iQ
his pocket Freeman then, so police
learned, got his rifle, shot once 1q
the floor and then wounded Berry
with a shot to the left hip.
Berry was admitted to the boa-,
pi I*l on January IS and died the
next morning at Receiving hospital.
Police say that a J 2 calibre riflev
and a knife found near Berry*!
body were confiscated by the police
department Meanwhile Freeman
was held for investigation by the
homicide squad this week.
Mrs. Roosevelt To
Speak Here Jan. 26
Mrs. Eleaner keeeevelt will Spank
at Ebeneaer A.MJL eh arch Wednes
day evening-. Jan. 2d. The pcegrasa
la elated te start at • pm The thews
•f the mass rally will he Inter
racial Ceeperatien."
Flam far the swas rally were
outlined at s “Was I lag held M
week at the Lacy Tharaaan branch
es the T.W.CJL The Keri ■ernes
A. White, paster es Ptyaaenth Can-’
gregatienal eh arch, made the am
neancement of her earning.
Postpone Testimonial
To Bishop J. A, Great
Bishop John A. Gregg who wap
scheduled to give a report of hit
latest tour of the war front st the <
Ebenezer A ME. church Monday
night has been detained in Europe
and will not appear in Detroit un
til early in March. Rev. Georg# W.
Baber, pastor of the church, an
nounced Sunday. The testimonial
in honor of the bishop of the Fourth
Episcopal District will be given aa
a date to be announced.
DETROIT
s This Week
Wednesday—Every Week: IT in hag
T. Washington Trade A«aodaHo>
Luncheon, YWCA. 12 nmn.
Sunday—Jan. 23: Spehnan CMk
Tea. Lucy Thurman YWCA. • p*.
Thursday—Jan. 39i Lory Thor*:
man Branch YWCA Amml Moa*»,
ihf. • p.m
Friday—Jan. 21: Central Coma**
u If
Church, ********
NUMBER 41

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