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HAITI AGREES TO STATE DEPT. COLOR EDICT Diplomatic SUIT Now All LI f h t • Complexioned Or White Americans WASHINGTON— •owing H U. S. Slat* Dapartmant preju *ca. officials of Hit littlo Mack ttpoMk ts HaiH kava ordarod ktma all dark-camplexionad dtp lam att and ar a raplacing tkafn with malatfaaa “wha can past" or witli white Amar kana in same cates! Tha Chicago Defender learned this weak from highly confidential and authoritative aourcaa that the discrimina tory policy hat bean in affect for aavaral months. There it no written agree ment merely a verbal un derstanding which represen tatives of both countries have agreed to and which carefully defines the complexion of Haitians to be accredited to the United States. This policy is being carried nut under the pretext that dark Haitians create embar rassing social problems in this country. It is chsrged that the Amer ican State Department offi cials meat responsible for tl»is dis criminatory understanding are Law renee Duggan, chief of the division of Latin American Affairs, and Willard Barber, assistant chief of the same division, who are directly in charge of United States relations with Haiti Hell Stand Nat Known Whether they are acting on in structions from Secretary of State Cordell Hull, or merely on their •am authority, is not yet known. It it known, however, that Bar ber, who does most of the work of the division since Duggan is suffer ing from a malignant disease, is a personal friend of Jacquc Antoine Under-Secretary of State for Haiti and member of the mulatto oil garchy. A iurvey of the "color pattern** •f the diplomatic and consular •gents from Haiti on duty in this country tells its own story. Here la the Haitian diplomatic personnel and its complexion: WASHINGTON. D. C. Andre Liaataad (Ambassador). Light complexion. His father was a white Frenchman who made his borne in Haiti. ■ache La Kaebe (Military AL trche). Light-complexion. Bile Gareie (lit Sec. of Embassy). I nht-complexion. DaaM Theard (2nd Sec. of Em bassy). Light-complexion, X* n ite NEW YOU CITY Dr. B«lx Least (Consul Gen). Light-complexion Yet as Verna (Vice Consul). Llght •omplexion. Heart liwead (Attache). Black- Complexion. Leatae Rlpke (Secretary). White. PHILADELPHIA tenia Elaen (Consul). White. MIAMI Paa! Cnrtis (Consul). White. BOSTON Herbert Clark (Consul). White. NEW ORLEANS Fernand La Baaaa (Consul). White. BALTIMORE FeUx Martin (Consul). Light complexion. This survey shows that with the exception of Rosemond, attache in New York, all the other representa tives in thia country are either llght-complexioned. or as they arc In the south, white Americans. It la rumored that Rosemond is soon to be recalled under the terms of the understanding. H*ltl Pocial Chasm Thit the Haitian government has •cquiesed in the State Department demands for a color bar in its diplo matic service is not surprising, for the history of the country is replete with incidents which indicate that there is a wide social chasm between tnulattoes and blacks. The mulat* toes, though outnumbered by a ratio of 10 to 1, have constituted the governing class since 1015, largely through the support of the American government. The last black to head the coun try's government was President Velbrun Sam who was assassinated In 1915 as he sought asylum in the French legation at Port-au-Prince. Shortly afterward American ma rines occupied Haiti The American government has dominated Haitian foreign policy ever since. Informed observers claim that tnulattoes could not now stay in power if it were not for State De fiartment support Dark-complex oned Haitians are reported to be frwghly incensed over this American- Haitian "color bar" understanding, for while the mulattoej are getting the important government posts, practically all of the intellectuals with international reputation are in the darker group They realise that there Is little they can do to change Ihe situation as long as President Lescot has the American govern ment behind him. Maintain Color Bar On his recent visit to the United States, President Lescot, who is a light reddish-brown, vigorously ad hered to the "color line " He was the darkest member of his party During his tour of Canada, an American Negro newspaper corre spondent. Ralph Matthews of Ihe Afro-American, was openly Insulted by his secretary. At the beginning rt a press conference. Matthews was naked by the secretary to leave un der pretext that his presence might prove embarrassing to the presi dent. The record of the American State Department on the color question has long been a black one. Ameri can Negroes when returning from abroad prior to the present war. cans latently reported discourteous treatment at our consulate offices. Not even Brasil who boasts of its Boa-discriminatory policies, has dared to accredit a dark-complex toned diplomat to the United States, hlormsd Brasilians claim that the CONGRATULATES NON • COM OFFICER « 11 ii l ! Returning from a ten-week itinerary of AAF camps and stations throughout the Eastern Fly ing Training Command is Cpl. Wendell Logan of the Tuakegee Army Air Field. Cpl. Logan's itinerant teacher training mission was heraldad as a huge success by VD Control Officer of the Eastern Flying Training Command. Capt. Orln M. Stout (left). Captain Stout, commended the vigilant VD Control crusader on his splendid work and axpreaaed great delight over hia en couraging reports on the success of the VD Con Smith Charged With Trying To Kill FEPC NEW YORK, N. Y.—Resistance to the attempt of the Smith Con gressional Committee to break down the anti-discrimination principles of Executive Order 8802, through its attack upon the President's Com mittee on Fair Employment Prac tice, wa* urged today in a state ment issued by the National Ne gro Congress. The Smith Committee, ostensibly set up to investigate over-reaching of powers by government war agencies, this week opened hearings designed to develop evidence of unconstitutional exercise of powers by. FEPC in its efforts to fill war manpower needs by ending dis crimination against Negro workers in the railroad, rapid transit and machinists fields. Leading figures in the Smith com mittee are Representatives Howard W. Smith of Virginia, Jerry Voorhia of California (former liberal front for the Dies committee) and Clare Hoffman of Michigan. Three formal reports to congress by the Smith committee have been devoted to attacks upon the prin ciples of Executive Order 8802 by government agencies. •‘Seizure of the records of FEPC by the Smith committee last De cember foreshadowed ar) all-out at tack upon the principles upon which the committee is founded. Its hearings thia week can only be re garded as •’’farther development of this attack,** the Congress state ment said. “The Smith committee represents an important phase of the anti win-the-war fight which is now be ing carried on in Congress by the U. S. Legation Was Opened In Addis Ababa WASHINGTON— (ANP) Min ister John K. Caldwell, American envoy to the Ethiopian government, tells of the reopening of the Ameri can legation at• Addis Ababa and the presentation of his letters of (credence to Emperor Haile Selassie in the January issue of the Ameri can Foreign Service Journal, un official publication of the state de partment. He arrived In the capital on Augurt 26 and was met at the air port by Blatta Ephraim Towoldo Modhon, then vice-minister for for eign affairs and now his country's minister to the United States. The legation. Mr. Caldwell reports, was considered open to the public from September 1, 1943, "since the needs of all who have called have been given attention.” Qlear Robeson In Union Row NEW YORK—(ANP)—PauI Ro beson. actor-singer. Thursday won a clear bill from the Actors' Equity association <AFL> on the question of his honorary membership in two unions of the rival CIO. In reply to complaints from some AFL sources against Robeson's CIO affili ations. the Equity council an nounced “there is no action that we can properly take." Joseph P. Ryan, president of the International Longshoremen associ ation. had asked Equity to expel the actor or persuade him to drop his CIO connections prejudice of American diplomats has made their government hesitant about sending dark diplomats abroad and thereby has retarded their progress in the foreign service. MEN, WOMEN! OLD OR YOUNC! NEED PEP? WANT NEW VIM AND VITALITY? • THEN TAKE SMITH’S TONIC Recommended By Thousands of Satisfied Customen Thru-out the Country A Trial Will Convince You. An Aid To Sufferers of Rheumatism. Neuritis, Arthritis, Blood. Stomach. Liver, Kidney Nerves • GUARANTEED SATISFACTION • see “DOC” |. EMMETT SMITH ABOUT THIS WONDERFUL TONIC 1021 FREDERICK STREET TR. 1-0868 (Between Rivard u 4 HuUn|i) MLIABLE AGENTS WANTIP • ~| THE MICHIGAN CHRONICLE . . A RELIABLE INDEPENDENT WEEKLY trol programs of tha Tusk eg •« Army Air Field trained VD non-coms at othar fields in thia area. Tha aplandid cooperation between the medical officers and VD non-coms trained at tha AAF VD Control school hare was highly in evidence at Cpl. Logan contacted over 5.000 men and officers working to stymie VD at these various camps and fields. Logan, a native of Philadel phia, is the son of Rev. John R. Logan of that city. He is a graduate of Lincoln U. (Pa.), and 'has done graduate work at the University of Pannsylvania.—AAF Training Command photo. enemies of the administration. If it can succeed in eliminating one tenth of the manpower of the Unit ed States from the war effort, it will have accomplished much to ward the victory of fascism at home and abroad. “This assault against the victory of the United States and the Unit ed Nations must be defeated by the people of our country. We urge the Negro people, and all those who want to win the war, to help stop this scuttling of Negro rights and of the war-effort, by writing to their congressmen demanding the disso lution of the Smith anti-war com mittee, and passage of HR. 1732, the Marcantonio bill, to give statu tory powers to FEPC to enforce its orders.” Editor Named To Special Unit In Bond Campaign WASHINGTON—Ted R. Gamble, director of the War Finance Divi sion of the Treasury Department, announced this week that Nat Wil liams, editor of the Memphis World, will be a member of a spe cial news unit to provide the na tion's newspapers, magazines and trade press frith news concerning the Fourth War Loan campaign. Mr. Gamble said the forthcoming drive, which began January 18. will stress the importance of individual bond sales, and this fact will lead to many human interest stories, spot news developments, and state ments from the nation’s leaders. Chronicle League Goes Into Action The Senior and Intermediate Di vision of the Michigan Chronicle league swung into action at Brews ter Recreation Center on Sunday evening, and before the final whistle was blown, the fans were hoarse from yelling for their fav orite team. Probably the game packed with the most thrills was that between Selfridge Field and Tord Local 600. the soldiers winning in overtime 38-36. Selfridge enjoyed a 22-8 lead at the halfway mark, but the Ford players spurted in the third period to hold their opponents to two points while they made 15. They knotted the count in the f period. Briggs All-Stars trounced Outer Drive, 55-21, George Peaks piling up 25 points for the winners. High land Park Aces won a 37-36 vic tory from the Heart of Detroit, and the U. S. Coast Guard defeated United Rubber, 39-16. The Clowns defeated the All- Stars in the Intermediate division. 22-16. National Insurance won from the Jokers. 20-17, and the Legionnaires lost to the Aces, 22-20 Teacher’s Suit Set For Jan. 24 CHARLESTON. S C. (ANP) The suit to equalize teacher sal aries in South Carolina, filed in the U. S. district court in October by Miss Viola Duvall, a teacher in the Burke Industrial school here, has been scheduled for hearing the week of January 24. the state's NAACP office announced this week. Atty. Harold R. Boulware is ex pected to make final arrangements Monday and to confer with his asso ciate. Thurgood Marshall, special NAACP counsel, who will arrive this week. ACME FLOWER SHOP 3936 BRUSH STREET TERRACE 2-8212 'EXCLUSIVE BUT NOT EXPENSIVE" * BRAZELTON Many are denied the privilege of expressing their sentiments with flowers in the hour of bereavement of their friends, because of HIGH PRICES EDGAR BRAZELTON OF ACME FLOWER SHOP HAS THE RECORD OF MAKINCTHE BEST IN FLORAL DESIGNS - INVITES YOU TO PHONE HIM FOR A BEAUTIFUL TRIBUTE SENT ANY PLACE IN THE CITY WITH YOUR CARD OF CONDOLENCE ATTACHED A BEAUTIFUL SPRAY SO?S BLEEDING HEARTS U CASKET BLANKETS AT LOWEST PRICES Call ACME FLOWER SHOP We will deliver Your Flowers, Call for Money LATER SATISFACTION GUARANTEED OR MONEY REFUNDED - YOU TAKE NO CHANCES Other Arrangement of Floral Designs for Parties, Banquets, Weddings and Other Occasions at the Lowest Prices 1. ACME FLOWERS ARE FRESH AND BEAUTIFUL 2. FLORAL DISPLAYS MADE BY ACME CAN BE PLACED ON FURNITURE OR CASKETS WITHOUT INJURY 3. ACME FLORISTS ARE EXPERT DESICNERS EXCLUSIVE BUT NOT EXPENSIVE" EVERY ORDER GIVEN PERSONAL ATTENTION “K OF EDGAR BRAZELTON. THE PROPRIETOR BRUSH AT ALEXANDRINE NAACP OPPOSES PRESIDENT'S ACT TO DRAFT LABOR NEW YORK—Opposition to a national service act. as suggested by President Roosevelt and as em bodied in the present Austin-Wads worth bill, was voiced January 12 by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Last April 1, two representatives of the NAACP. Walter White and Charles H. Houston, testified before a Senate Committee on the Austin- Wadsworth bill, opposing it on the grounds that (a) thousands of Ne groes were still excluded from em ployment on account of prejudice; (b) other thousands of Negroes were employed below their skills; and (c) the enactment of such a bill would result in freezing Negro workers in certain categories and areas of the country. “The situation has not changed materially between last April and today,” said Roy Wilkins, assistant secretary of the NAACP. “Negro workers available in the Atlanta, Ga., area were by-passed, with few exceptions, and white workers im ported when a Bell Aircraft fac tory was opened there in 1943. An assembly plant for four-engined bombers in Texas has refused so far to employ Negro skilled workers. "There are thousands of examples of Negro skilled workers drawing ONLY THE FRESHEST USED Call ACME And A Representative Will Call At Your Home If Desired SIX REASONS TO USE ACME FLOWER SHOP PRINCIPALS IN CONCERT k y iillKl m £ Tha Cultural Committee of Sacond Baptist church announced this weak that Erma Morris Haydan. noted pianist, will give a lecture coacart on "Music in tha Church," at Sacond Baptist church, 448 Monroe street. Sunday, Jan. 23. Tha concert will be held in tha auditorium and will start at 8 p.m. Mrs. Haydan, foundar of tha Jubal Award, is a graduata of Wayna univaraity and Dafroit In atituta of Art*. Sha also studied at tha Juilliard School of Music and at Columbia univarsity, in Naw York. At tha right is S. Luberta Chisholm, soprano, who will assist Mrs. Haydan in tha concert. the pay of ‘helpers' as assistants to white men they have trained in the skill. “This Association believes that voluntary manpower allocation can* . 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