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THE JOURNAL. LUCIAN SWIFT, J. S. McLAIN, MANAGER. EDITOR. THE: JOURNAL Is published •▼cry evaoing, except Sunday, at 47-49 Fourth Street > South, Journal : BulldiQK, Minneapolis, Minn. C. J. Blllson, Manager Eastern Adver tising. NEW YORK OFFICE—B6, 87, 88 Tribune building. CHICAGO OFFICE—3OB Stock Exchange building. SUBSCRIPTION TERMS Payable to The Journal Printing Co. Delivered by Mall. '• " ' One copy, one month |0.35 One copy, three months 1.00 One copy, six months 2.00 One copy, one year 4.00 Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages. 1.50 Delivered by Carrier. One copy, one week....... 8 cents One copy, one month 35 cents Single copy 2 cents CHANGES OF ADDRESS ■ Subscribers ordering addresses of their papers changed must always give their former, as well as present address. - __________ CONTINUED All papers are continued until an ex plicit order is received for discontinuance, and until all arrearages are paid. COMPLAINTS . 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"John Marshall Day" A Chicago dispetch gives the program for the exercises in that city on February 4th, commemorating the centenary of the induction into office of chief justice of the United States supreme court of John Mar shall, the great interpreter of constitution al law, whose commission was signed by President John Adams. It has been pro posed that the day will be observed by aopropriate exercises in the supreme court room at Washington, by a joint session of th« two houses of congress, by all the law schools of the country and by the bar in every city. It- Is probable that this program will not be carried out as extensively as in dicated, but John Marshall well deserves the honor of large centennial recognition for his great services to his country during his thirty-four years of active work on the supreme bench. His statue in bronze stands at the western front of the national capitol, where it was unveiled in May, 1884, with high tributes of distinguished jurists and statesmen to the great ex pounder of the constitution. When Mar shall took his seat, the court had only been organized eleven years and scare a hun dred cases had been passed upon. During Marshall's term, from 1801 to 1835, sixty two decisions involving questions of con stitutional law were given, of which he •wrote the opinion of the court in 36. He took hold of the work when the con stitution had been tested only a short time and when a multitude of questions began to crowd upon the attention of the court. Justice Story, in dedicating his "Commentaries on the Constitution" to Marshall, spoke of him as "one whose youth was engaged in the arduous enter prises of the Revolution, whose manhood assisted in framing and supporting the constitution, and whose maturer years have been devoted to the task of unfolding its powers and illustrating its principles." This reference was to Marshall's services as secretary of state under Adams and as one of the three envoys sent to Prance, and as a member of congress. He served in the patriotic army in the war for independ ence five years, and smelled gunpowder in many hard-fought battles, including the assault on Stony Point. This man, so admirably prepared and disciplined for the great office he held, •was strong and irrefutable in all his ar guments touching the characteristic dis tinction between the government of the union and those of the states and the constitutional power of the federal govern ment to protect itself and its laws. He was a man whom this nation should de light to honor. The Course of Business The money rates for 1900 ruled lower than ever known for a period of such large business activity. The rate in force now Is 3 per cent with the air filled ■with rumors of the greatest consolidations ever considered in the business world. This would seem to be a test of solidity and general soundness that cannot well be gotten around. All predictions of the last two months that investments were in a position of weakness have been swept by the board. It is always wise to keep conservatism in mind; at the same time, It Is always prudent to keep sufficiently •well informed on the trend of development to knew whether an advance in the price of securities is due to speculative manipu lation or to industrial development. The man who keeps informed so that he is courageous when others are timid is usually the one who makes the large sum of money. When the great record of 1899 was closed up on Iron and steel, no one anticipated that the record of 1900 would show larger figures. But it did. For several months of the year there was a seemingly slow business and doubts were expressed about the result. But when the year began to close up the orders for iron began to come in and the close of the year showed that orders for last year had gone ahead of the previous year 1,000,000 tons, and the mills start the new year with more orders for finished steel than they had at the be ginning of 1900. In the textile trade last year was a fair average. In the cotton line there was great activity. During the year there were built or projected 530 textile mills, against 299 in 1899, and this activity was chiefly in the south. During the year the number of knitting mills constructed •was the largest on record. Only a few years ago the country was a large im- porter of ootton hosiery and underwear; last year it was a large exporter. Not withstanding the activity in cotton manu facturing in the south the New England business was satisfactory. The whole range of American manufac ture could be gone over in this way with a similar result. And apparently the pres ent year is opening in the most satisfac tory manner. Railroad earnings show in creases over a year ago, and the figures of last year were supposed to be the high est that could reasonably be recorded. The week has been filled with rumors of rail consolidations. No authorized pub lications have been made, but it seems practically certain that regardless of what the exact relations of the roads may be matters have reached a point where from a rate standpoint there is practically con solidation. Whether this has been gained by agreement or by the actual transfer of stock is not certain, but the latter theory is the one generally accepted. The initial movement wa*s taken by President Hill, it is believed, who by timely action has saved the northwest roads from a possible shut-out through the consolidation of other interests that might have embarrassed him in securing New York connections. It is not so important to know Just how the work has been done as it is to know that whatever has been done preserves Intact the interests of the northwest in relation to the seaboard. The money market holds remarkably quiet with 3 per cent about the rate rul ing. The general business of -the country is in satisfactory condition. Bank clear ings increased 41 per cent on the week. This is a showing that encourages on every side. The Senatorship Nearly all the members of the legisla ture are at home to-day among their con stituents, free from the solicitations and importunities of senatorial candidates and their friends, removed from the excite ment and tension which obtain in the state capitol these days, and where they can reflect calmly and seriously upon their duty as representatives of the people in filling the senatorial vacancy. They are in a position to give due weight to the important considerations that should en ter into the choice of a successor to Sen ator Davis. It is not expected that we shall be able to match him in point of ability and experience as a statesman, but we owe it to ourselves to do the best we can and to come as near filling his place as the available material will permit. Not only are the legislators bound to consider the personal qualifications of candidates, their honesty, their ability, and every other personal consideration, but they are bound to take into account the effect of this election upon the party at home. They are bound to realize that the republican party of Minnesota has no preponderance of strength and votes and hold upoD the state of Minnesota to fool with. While at the last election the na tonal ticket and national issues swept the state by the largest plurality ever given for a republican president, we have only recovered the governorship from the democracy by a hard fight and elected a republican governor by a narrow ma jority. Our success as to that office in the past has been due chiefly to the con dition of the opposition, and we know that when it is united we have serious business before us. We can make a mis take at this senatorial election which will add to our embarrassments in the future or we can take such action as will com mend itself to the judgment of the peo- ' pie of the state, and compel their confi dence in the wisdom and integrity of the legislative body and the party which con trols it. The Journal' has already indicated, of course, what in its judgment is the wise thing to do. Every one understands that our preference is the Hennepin county can didate, Hon. R. G. Evans. But we are quite willing to submit his claims upon the basis upon which we have urged the selection to be made; first, that of ability and character; second, that of acceptability to the people of the state. Mr. Evans has conducted a campaign upon the highest grounds possible to be taken by any man in such a controversy. Nobody is asked to vote for him upon any other consideration than that of fitness for the office, and the political wisdom of placing the senator ship in Hennepin county. If he cannot win upon these grounds he doeßn't wish to win at all. For these reasons, he demands that the question be «ettled by a republican caucus, and is ready to hold it any time, the earlier the better so far as the work of the ses sion is concerned. He has the support of a great many, in our judgment the major ity, of the leading and influential men of both houses, men whose judgment should count for much in this connection, and we believe it will be the wisdom and the good fortune of the republican party to select him for the office to which he aspires. A statement as to the expensive way, in which the county business is conducted, which appears in another column, sug gests very strongly the importance, per haps the necessity if there is to be a change, of a better system of bookkeeping in the county auditor's office. Some of the facts which appear in the classification of expense items show that there exists an opportunity under the present system to waste the public money in large aggregate amount, without it being practicable to find out where it went to —at least not without much more effort than should be required. The new auditor has a chance to make a record. He will of course make a Tecord and one which we propose to keep track of, but what is meant is a rec ord for economy and reform which will redound greatly to his credit and advant age. We hope for that result. A Verdict Well Bestowed The coroner's Jury investigating the trag ical explosion which occurred some months ago in a New York drug establishment, resulting in great loss of life and destruc tion of property, yesterday returned a ver dict holding the members of the firm crim inally responsible, and the case will go to the grand jury. » This explosion originated in a room where a slight blaze gathered force to spread beyond control in a short time, speedily igniting a mass of deadly explo sives stored in the building and causing the wrecking, not only of the drug house, but of other structures in the adjoining blocks and dealing death and destruction in the streets and buildings. This tragedy stimulated public excitement and the au thorities of New York have been taking steps to prevent the storage of such ma terial in the heart of the city. There can be little doubt that the finding of the coroner's jury will be sustained. At least It ought to la and no potential in- THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL. fluenoe wiiich seeks to protect the firm should be permitted to Intervene. No doubt in other cities, there is stored death-deal ing material, daily endangering the public. There are ordinances in most every city which forbid the storage of quantities of gunpowder, oils, etc., within the limits, but they are frequently ignored to euit the convenience of business firms who are aware that they are carrying in their stores the virile seeds of great tragedies. The man who carries an infernal machine in his trunk or valiee is, when discovered, usually treated as a public enemy. The individual who is found carrying In his own person from place to place the evi dence of smallpox is promptly taken into custody and removed where he can no longer sow the germs of the dreaded plague. The owner of a building whose walla are regarded as unsafe is held re sponsible for the damage done to others by the fall of a wall. In France they make the owner of property where a fire breaks out, partly responsible for damages. There are dangers enough threatening humanity without increasing them by stor ing deadly material in the business portion of cities, within a stone's throw of crowded streets. Tributes to Davis Eulogies will be delivered in the senate to-day on the late Senator Davis. Among the speakers will be Minnesota's repre sentatives in that body, Senator Nelson and Senator Towne. Senator Nelson's re marks The Journal reproduces in full. Liberal extracts are also given from Mr. Towne's oration and from the speeches of other senators. The delivery of eulogies in congress is customary and often perfunctory, but not so in this case. It is evident from the re marks of the senators themselves how deeply they are sensible of the irreparable loss which they have sustained in the death of Senator Davis. Senator Nelson speaks in feeling terms on this point, and pays a tribute to the memory of the de parted which will be echoed in the hearts of Minnesotans everywhere as they read his remarks to-day. The sentiments uttered in the senate, the great appreciation of the value of his services to his state and his country, and the high position which Minnesota had attained in the councils of the cation through his long experience in the senate and his brilliant services there, should im press the members of the legislature with the importance of selecting as his succes sor the best available material from the standpoint of intellectual ability and strength of character. Mr. Clapp's supporters tell the St. Paul Dispatch that they do not want a caucus because they have a lot of support in the democratic camp, with the aid of which they expect to elect Mr. Clapp. That may be commended for frankness but for noth ing else. There are 140 republicans and 42 democrats in the legisla ture. The impression seems to be that under such circumstances the republi cans ought to select a senator themselves and not leave it to the democrats to dic tate who he shall be. But in their oppo sition to a caucus the-Clapp people seem to take a different view. If the republic ! ens do not settle the matter in caucus and do it before the matter comes to a vote we may see the 42 democrats pick out a senator for the big republican majority. Beware the republican who shies at the caucus. Liberty and Legislature. There are state legislatures that never meet without adding to the sum of human gayety. Their output of laws and resolutions often throws the effete monarchies of the old world into sallies of unextinguishable laughter. When the legislature of Nevada elects a Unit ed States senator it makes the mouth of the Prince of Monaco water. When Montana has a flnanco-senatorial contest on the boards, the flow of the nation's life blood into the hands of the common people draws groans from the Rothschilds. The tactics employed in baking powder legislation and other_leg pulling acts are watched for with joyous~an ticipation by the political economists of four continents. The other day the lower house of the Missouri legislature loosened up and tackled the Philippine question. The result nearly gave the governor general of Canada apoplexy. The Missouri lawmakers felt it depouent on them to take a hand in Uncle Sam's unpleasant and expensive mixup with the brown boys. So they adopted the follow ing resolution: Whereas, The sympathies of the American people go out to all nations and all people struggling for liberty; therefore be it Resolved, That the house of representatives of the forty-first general assembly extend sympathy to the people of the Philippine archipelago in their heroic struggle for free dom. Yet a peaceably inclined colored man, if he tried to vote in Missouri, would be in danger of committing suicide. Liberty is a good thing, and a legislature that is so anxious to see it established in the Philippines might find a good chance to hand out some political freedom a little bit nearer home? A Bit of Boer Humor. General De Wet is accused of making game of General Rundle, the British commander who has been most active in chasing him. De Wet managed to capture three British scouts at a time when he could not afford to be feeding or carrying around any extra lug gage in the shape of prisoners of war. The Boer commander agreed to restore these men their liberty provided they would pledge their word of honor to give into General Kundle's own hands an important dispatch which Gen eral De Wet wished to send him. The prisoners agreed to do this service and were given a large sealed, official looking envelope with which they hastened back into the British camp. It was opened in their presence, while they stood at attention, and the contents read aloud by the recipient, as follows: "To Gen. RundJe: '•Dear Sir: Please chain up these three devils, as I can catch them every day. Yours, —"De Wet." ' The officer who writes the story home to Glasgow says that the commander nearly had a fit of apoplexy. It was a very "dry" bit of humor on the part of De Wet. The claim has been made that the Boers are deficient in humor, but a man who can perpetrate a practical joke like this will cer tainly bear watchiag a intle longer. He may to. K. Vanderbilt's White Ghost automo bile has frightened so many Connecticut horses into throwing shoes that the state legislature has been appealed to to put a legal brake on William's machine. Governor Hill of Maine in his inaugural said that "the shipbuilding industry of the state was never so picaperous." There's a man who clearly .loes not understand the first principles of rhe game. A Faribault man writes a letter to argue that perhaps Cadet Bcoa's life was prolonged by the hazing he received. Possibly, but most people prefer to die a, HtUe earlier to avoid the experience. A local doctor, asked what was the best thing for the grippe replied, "Go and see your physician." This looks rather like "the best thing" for the dector. John Hell of Oklahoma is a candidate for congress. There may be future punishment for the national legislature yet. An Ohio legislator fnm Squash Corners or some such township has. introduced a bill to I make football Illegal,. They can never make the variety put up at the university last year unlawful. There is a feeling -'li/t Washington that Baron Goodnow might be able to settle the trouble over killing the umpire in China by fining all the players. ' - - ■ ' A New Jersey man is In the dutches of the law for spanking Ms wife with : a frying pan. She made most uareaoocable objection. Somebody is talking up 1 Senator Mason for president in 1904. It is believed that this gossip can be traced to Senator Mason. That salt elixir of life was tried on the late Mr. • Armour. For; obituary- notices see back numbers of this paper. ; The senatorial contest Is qne dazzling scene of alcoholic splendor, to the thirsty man with the unpledged vote. Some of the senatorial candidates with the fewest votes are getting very "chesty" and dignified. . , . If the new policemen walk fast enough they may bo able to catch the grippe. A REPUBLICAN CAUCUS AND AN EARLY ONE Worthington Advance—The republican members of the legislature made the. proper move • in early nominating Senator Nelson to succeed himself. This put the ; question out of the way so that no time was lost by his supporters in looking after his interests. If prompt action had been taken in . choosing a successor to Senator Davis'much .valuable time would have been saved and enabled the members to devote their time -to important matters that are to come before the legis lature. The candidates that are up for the senatorship have been before the people in public life for years, so that their ability really requires no time for consideration and the hour of holding a caucus for making a selection should be held early. :;.. V • D. C. Lightbourn, Ada Index—l am heartily in favor of the proposition for an early re publican caucus to name the successor to Senator Davis. The legislature is more apt to make a popular choice at the start than after the wire pullers get in their work. A long drawn out contest, where the minority might get into the ' game, would be a mis fortune not only to the republican party, but to the best interests of the state, as it would hinder and even influence legislation. Phil A. Kaufer,' Red Lake Falls (Sazette— Government in our country is one by parties. The great parties announce in their platforms their stand on the great issues of: the day; these . announcements, in , conjunction , with the inherent principles of a party, together with precedent, polity and party record, give the voter the basis on which to make a de cision in casting his ballot. In state as well as national matters these rules hold good. The overwhelming victory of the republican party in this state, • leaves that party in full control, with all the laurels as well as the responsibilties. No democrat or populist can be elected senator, and therefore it is the belief of the editor of this paper that : it is for the best interests of the republican party that the senatorial question should be set tled by a republican legislative caucus; that the caucus should be held at as early a date as possible. Besides the party expediency in volved, and the justness of allowing the mat ter to be settled without the participation of the democratic minority, the interests of the state demand that this question be speedily settled, so that the state's business may not be neglected and all danger of an unseemly and undignified scramble, involving a scan dal, be removed. Were conditions reversed, and had the democratic party received the majority given to the republican party in this state, It would be our opinion that the democrats should settle the matter in caucus, without the participation of the republican minority. V- c Sleepy Eye Dispatch—Since, this is a free coHntry and every one has the right of his own opinion, and, since tne game of politics is about the deepest game the sons of men engage in, and. further, • since | the caucus is only an outgrowth of political necessities, we are inclined to the belief that the frantic efforts of the Evans crowd to get a caucus at this time is their best play. The clever evasion of the Clapp and Tawney crowd to this play is another good move which proves conclusively that both crowds are onto their job. The scarecrow of a democratic minority seriously affecting the selection is quite a scheme. The senatorial game up to this time is a good one and beats draw poker, whist, euchre or cinch all hollow, and lookerson will please keep still and watch the play. It is proper to interfere if there is any cheating. ' The lawmakers are doing nothing else while they are taking this recreation' and nothing is a good deal better than mischievous legis lation. NORTH STAR POLITICS The real bearing of the action of the lower house of the legislature in refusing to accept the report of the committee on rules as pre sented the other day seems to have been overlooked. The reports generally represent "Jake" Jacobson as having suffered a defeat after making a strenuous effort to prevent the addition of a few more employes to the house's staff of clerks, etc. As a matter of fact, the matter of employes was a minor one, and Mr. Jacobson did not make a deter mined • effort ■to prevent the increase. The real question raised by the report of the com mittee on rules was ■whether the general ap propriations • committee should have control over appropriations or merely act as a book keeper. The committee on rules reported the old rules with the omission of a clause of section 22, which reads as follows: "All bills, whether emanating., from the house or the senate, carrying an appropria- : tion, ehall be referred to the committee on , appropriations for action by that committee before second residing of bills." The omission of this, clause would deprive the committee on appropriations of all vital ity, and there would be no central power to supervise and revise appropriation bills. Rep resentative Jacobson saw this point in a min ute, and at , once moved to amend the report of the committee by striking out that part of it which provided for the omission of the quoted, ; clause. Mr. Jacobson's motion pre vailed two to one and the old rules were adopted intact. It is not too much to esti mate that at least $300,000 has been saved to the state by this action. BffM Just what was the purpose of the committee In making the report it did is not certain, but it has been suggested that it was in the in terests of the new capitol building. This sus picion is further corroborated by the fact that Mr. Dunn, the chairman, is a St. -Paul man and an old member and not unacquaint ed 1 with the wiles of the world. ..The St. Paul people want appropriations for the capitol greater than the entire amount in the build ing fund. By getting rid of the check of the general appropriations committee and rushing their bill through early in the session they hoped, it may be, to get all they want, before representatives of "other interests realized what was going on. Gus Widen of ; Mankato has . his - reward, I see. The governor has made him a member of i his staff, given him the rank of colonel and ; the right -to wear • unlimited' yards of gold cord, a chapeau and a uniform that would frighten a grizzled veteran. Gus, al though nominally a republican, was too much attached" to John ;L.ind in -1898 to do much for the republican party down his way—which is the -Mankato way. .' But this year Gus came up to the scratch and put in some good work for Van Sant,, with the result that Blue Earth county was carried by the Winona man. • Gossip in St. ,'• Paul . yesterday was to - the effect that C. McC. Reeve, warden of the state prison, is to be ousted to make way for the return of Warden . Wolf«r. Mr. Wolfer denies that he is contemplating a change, but there is good reason to believe that within two or. three days he will accept the warden ship once more. The prison board is meeting in Stillwater to-day, and something may transpire at' that meeting : relating to the re tirement of General Reeve and the appoint ment of Mr. Wolf er.- The governor yesterday appointed . Roscoe H. Bronson of Stillwater to succeed his, father David as resident mem ber of the prison, board. ■ y,"--::. • ' If any man contemplates entering a contest for an appointive office he should first go to the governor's ante-room and •.watch the anx ious ; groups there gathered. :: Care and high nervous tension; is written on every face.- The, governor cannot pass without all eyes follow ing him nervously to detect some sign of favor. The seeker of an appointive office is a slave and* often a cringing slave, too. He Is seeking favors and indorsements on every hand. He hardly dares to express an opinion on the state of the weather for fear he will disappoint somebody, and he has committed his happiness to the keeping of others. And If, after all, the candidate Is sueceaafui it is likely to be his ruin. In his "Recolleo tlons of Lincoln" Chittenden remarks that in his long experience he scarcely knows of a man who has come through the ordeal un scathed. Around the lobbies in St. Paul, fear fully waiting for some crumb of political pat ronage, may be seen men who a few years ago were prosperous, hopeful, self-reliant resolute and well-groomed, who are now without regular business, discouraged. Irres olute and untidy, In a sense suppliants for public assistance, for the plea of many of them for some little office is that they need it for support. Take these broken men and trace the back track of their careers and you will find nine times out of ten that their undoing was the acceptance of some office which took them out of the field they knew and left them at the end of a short term with extravagant hab its, the itch for another office, a thirst for fh. nM*f- and alt°gether OUt Of tOUCh With the old lives. -Theodore M. Knappen. New York Daily Letter. BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL - „ N°- 21 Park Row. The French Ball. J The French ba]l nas c°me and gone That feature of New York's midwinter life that represents the fashion and culture of the tenderloin and v/hich to the unsophist icated mind is the embodiment of all that is risque, has passed again into history with out perceptibly raising the temperature of the city beyond a few feet from Madison Square Garden. True, there were some live ly scenes In the garden during the wee small hours of Wednesday morning, the usual amount of high kicking and boisterous conduct as the viands dispensed from the champagne room got in their work- the usual free and easy conduct on the part of all comers that marks the event, but the costumes were not particularly elaborate and there was no particularly spontaneous spirit to be found to make such an affair an un qualified success. The annual balls of the Cercle Francais de I'Harmonie are interest ing events, but largely overadvertised and thus fall short of general expectations For instance, at Tuesday night's affair there were not more than a couple of hundred persons in masquerade costume and of that number most of them were hired for the occasion to throw life into the proceedings and wake up the crowd after midnight. The theat rical world, the sporting world and the fre quenters generally of night life gathering places about town were to be found a plenty but beyond this the attendance was light Certainly Madison Square Garden did not need an asbestos lining to save the walls from the heat of the occasion, greatly to the disappointment of the out-of-town people who were induced to come to the city just to watch the hilarious sights of the French ball of 1901. Mr. Vanderbilt as a Lecturer. Cornelius Vanderbilt the younger has branched out as a lecturer .as well as an in ventor and a dodger of scheming politicians This scion of the house of Vanderbilt, who was practically disinherited by his father be cause of his marriage to the girl of his choice regardless of parental objection, has taken high rank as a student and not long ago surprised the railroad and engineering world with his invention of a locomotive fire box which is to-day in use on many of the largest railroads. Later on he attracted at tention as a visitor to the last republican state convention at Saratoga, whither he went as a delegate from this city. There Mr. Vanderbilt was the object of the most solicit ous attention from the great mass of political : "grafters," who saw in the young man, who notwithstanding his practical disinheritance is worth about $7,000,000, a fine chance to pluck a golden goose. Br. Mr. Vanderbilt did not desire to take a commanding place in the councils of his party, absolutely de clined to become a candidate for any office and got away from the convention and from the campaign without. enriching any of the political hangers on. Thus he acquired for himself a reputation of shrewdness that was most favorably commented upon. Now he has appeared before a meeting of the* Ameri can Society of Mechanical Engineers, has de scribed his invention, the fire box, and went at his subject in such a plain and intelligible manner that he won his auditors at the start and they did not hesitate to show their ap proval of him and of his invention. Mr. Vanderbilt is himself a member of the so ciety and from the grizzled veteran to the youngest member he cr.plained the details of the improved "Vanderbilt type" of firebox in such a manner ttat they paid tribute to the practical value of the new device. Stere opticon views' illustrated the parts of the invention. Young Vanderbilt gives promise to rank in the world of invention as did his ancestors in the world of finance. Trying to Cbeat the Trolley Lines. All sorts of schemes come to light to show the attempts of people to defraud the street railways of their dues. Some of the latest of these petty frauds are interesting, par ticularly so to sho*v to what lengths people will go to beat a transportation company out of a nickle. The elevated railroad scheme of having the passengers deposit their tickets in a box under the eye of a "ticket chopper" before entering trains has led to two new schemes that meet with general success. This is especially the case during the hours when the trains are crowded. The first trick is done by a turn of the wrist without the use of a ticket, the person working the game simply going along with the crowd, ap proaching the ticket man with hand and fingers in position as though holding a ticket and while the others are dropping in their tickets he goes through the motions of drop ping one also and then passes on. Even where the ticket man may suspect the pas senger he hesitates to accuse him for fear of making a serious mistake for which the com pany might be liable for damages, and the employe be discharged. The other plat; is worked on a perc?ntage basis, a part of a ride being stolen each time. The passenger buys a strip of tickets, tears them off him self, making the first ticket a little short, the next more so, until at the end of the third trip he finds !-o has enough to steal a ride on the company. It is a small business, but is largely carried on. A \ew Chamber of Commerce. At last the New York Chamber of Com merce has selected the ground on which it will erect Its new home. For nearly a year has consideration of this question been going on without results being attained, bnt now it has been decided that the fine new structure of the chamber will be erected in the place of the old Real Estate Exchange at Liberty place and Liberty street. The land for the building has been i urchased, $;no,ooo being paid for it by Morris K. Jesup, the president of the chamber, and at that the ground cov ers but little more than three city lots. It affords ample opportunity, however, for the erection of a dignified building, three stories high, and the chamber has at its disposal about $300,000 more 10 be used for the con struction of the building, the fund completed last April for this purpose amounting to an even million dollars. The home of the Chamber of Commerce is expected to be completed by the flr.;t of next January, at which time the organization wishes to oc cupy it. OTSOIGHT A»VICE A wise man stopped one day to give A fool advice, and high Above their heads a builder worked. And let a hammer fly! The fool had asked for no advice, He tried to get away. But the wise man had him buttonholed. And so he had to stay! The hammer tumbled through the air And struck the sage's head; The fool looked at the corpse a while And "Gosh!" was ail he said. And then he sauntered on his way, Aa foolish as before, And thought of that wise man and of Kis good advice no more! MORAL. The man who stives advice to fools Against their wish or will Too oft escapes the hammer and Advises others still! —Chicago Times-HeraM. SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 12, 1901 A Lesson in Love-Making BY WILLIAM M'LEAN RAINE. Copyrighted, 1900, by Author's Syndicate. "It's the love-making that gets me," he Baid, gloomily, with bis chin in nfa Hands. "I make a botch of it every time I try it. Don't seem to get the knack of it, somehow," he growled. "I suppose it takes a special kind of idiot to writ© that sore of thing." Then, irrelevantly and with the tact "of his sex: "Wish you'd helo me out." "How nice of you to think I could help you, Mr. Winslow." "Not at all. What I want is realism—the touch of actuality, you know. Litera ture should be founded on life and experience, the critics say. Well, now, what do I know about proposing marriage, for instance?" He was growing enthusiastic. She took him in with one rapid glance. "O Mr. Winslow—at your age?" "I'm not gray-haired yet," he told her, in an aggrieved voice. "Of course not. I didn't mean that. I'll be gray-haired myself long before you will," she retorted, soothingly, with a glance at the rapid widening bald spot on the top of his head. When a young woman gets started on the subject of one's age, there are two things that may be done—make inquiries about hers, or change the matter under discussion entirely. As Miss Blackston was frankly 21, and still had birthdays at regu lar intervals, Winslow thought it better to hark back to the order of the day. ''My experience has not been in that line," he harped on. "Lucky man!" "But if some nice girl with lots of experience would take me in hand," he con tinued. "Meaning me?" she broke in. "Well, I did think of you," he admitted. "Can a philosopher learn of a fool?" "I should think he might learn some things. But what's that got to do with It?" "Everything. You have no right to be a novelist unless you are a philosopher, and I agree with you that I am a fool." "Why, Miss Blackiston—" "O well, an idiot! It's the same thing, isn't it? Not a common idiot but a spe cial kind." "How you take a fellow up. Of course, I didn't mean you. I meant writer chaps. But you really must give me some lessons in how to write the love scenes." "Your instinct ought to tell you how." "But if it doesn't?" "Then, since it is in my special province of idiocy, I don't mind giving you one lesson." "Thanks, awfully. Must I act as my instinct tells me?" he wanted to know. He was a little too anxious. She looked at him dubiously an instant before she said: limitations, yes. But you must not be silly—at least not too silly." "I'll be no sillier than the subject requires," he assented, cheerfully. "Shall we begin now? No time like the present, you know. First-class proverb that." It struck her that he was pretty eager. He certainly appeared anxious to embrace his opportunity. She wondered if he were not better up on the subject than he pre tended. "It would be^ better if my mother were here —more regular." "I don't see it. The whole thing would be wooden, and above all, I want it to be spontaneous." "May it not grow too spontaneous?" "O I don't think so,"he answered, promptly. That was the least of his troubles. Then he added: "It could not, you know—for the book." "I was not thinking of the book." "Say when, Miss Annie." She put aside her hesitation and nodded at 'him, smiling, and- yet a little fearful, too. "All right, here goes. Play ball. But, I say, how must I begin?" "You ought to lead up gradually. Are you thinking of proposing this evening, or is this to be devoted to mere preliminaries?" get right down to business, don't you think? The sooner the better." "Just as you please. Remember to come to the point gradually—and get some enthusiasm into your voice." "Like this?" he asked. " 'Miss Blackiston, it is a fine day. I don't remember ever to have seen a finer. O—Ah—Er—Will you marry me?' " "No, I certainly will not, Mr. Winslow—not if you ask me like that. Good gra cious, but you are ignorant," she groaned. "Where were you educated? I do not wonder any more that your stories are so slow." "Isn't that all right?" he asked, anxiously, suppressing the smile. "No, sir! It is all wrong. Try to get some eagerness into your manner, and a lit tle express-ion into your face, and—you are not glued to the chair are you?" This last hurriedly, with a little shame-faced laugh. She continued her instruction. "You must not ask a girl to marry you in the same tone of voice you use whe.i speaking about the weather or buying a pair of gloves, because if you do I am afrair. you will find the weather cool and the gloves mittens." He took out his not book and made a memorandum. "What are you writing?" she asked, suspiciously. "I was merely making a note of something." "I know you were and I want to see what it was. It's not very good form to write while lam talking to you. Just hand ever that noje book, please." He shut it and handed it over with a grin. If she could pick out what he had just written from among the jumble of notes she would find there she was quite welcome to it. ''What does all this mean?" she wanted to know. "'A flame of fire ran through his blood, . . . 'white, foam-flecked lips and furtive eyes' . . . 'Look up afflcher and myopic' . . . 'cayn't make a wheel noheow; I'd be proud tuh hey ye come; the Kingston pike'—work into a mtn Kentucky story.' " "Those are literary notes," he explained, with dignity and reached out his hand for the book. But she waved him back. "Here's some more nonsense," she continued. " 'Scenery of the west w'd be much improved in abridged edition,' What nonsense! 'A caustic jeering laugh,' H"m! And, bless my stars, here's verse!" she cried, gleefully. "I didn't know you were a. poet." He burlesqued despair. "Oh, don't mind my feelings. Read it right out. Might as well, you know." ''I'm going to" she told him calmly. Here it is: "I see the snow-clad mountains white, I see the rolling plain; And you the flush of morning light Beside the western main. The low wind creeps and calls, my love. It sweeps from me to you; From it the sweet tale falls, my love. That Eve and Adam knew." "How sadly pathetic! How full of poesy and the stuff that dreams are made of!" He made a dive at the notebook, but she danced away with it. '•Hang it that's not fair,. Miss Annie. Anyway you'd better hand it back before you come to something you won't like." '"Write story on Lang's verses." "He Wins His Love Who Loses," ' It could not be much of a story. Oh, here it is: "When proposing to A. be particular abt getting enthusiasm into manner.' Who is A.?" Then comprehension came to the young woman, and she handed back the book with a very red face. Winslow pocketed it calmly. "I told you that you would come to something you did not like. Better take my advice next time," he grinned. But Miss Blackiston was all for changing the subject. She plunged at the first topic that came to her mind and wanted to know if he were going to try again. "The love-making?" he asked. ''Yes—for the book." "Of course—for the book. How stupid of me! I had quite forgotten the book. Well,.how would this do? I have long cherished an affection for you, Miss Blackiston, which has lately ripened into love. The more I see of you the more I recognize your worthy sterling qualities and desire to walk in closer friendship—" "Silly," she broke in. "A girl does not want to hear about her worthy, sterling qualities. Tell her the things that count.' "Yes that's it. What does count?" he asked. She opened her lips to tell him, then gave him up as a bad case. He smiled un derstandingly. "Too icy?" he asked, referring to his last attempt. "Yes- sir. A great deal to icy, as you call it for success. Your characters should have some life and fire in them. They are not all theological students are they?" He assured her they were not and at the next attempt turned on the register with success. He waylaid her hands and held them prisoner while he told his story. He forg<?t all about the book, and so did she. It was some minutes later before she re membered that it was all a play. Promptly she disengaged her hands and assured him that he could have his diploma with the degree of A. B. "Now you are talking," he assured her. "I'll take the A. B. with thanks—it stand 3 for Annie Blackiston —but I'm going to take post graduate work at the same college, thank you." And he did. JAPS FOR THE ARGENTINE "The government of Buenos Aires," says a writer in the Spectator, "has granted a concession of 200 square leagues of land in the valley of the River Pilcomayo for the foundation of an agricultural colony, and by the conditions of the contract 20,000 Jap anese settlers are to be planted in this terri tory. Argentina is ready to welcome the Japanese settlers as a means of utilizing her vast and (at present) unprofitable domains, where the population does not amount to more than 25 a square mile, being the low est rate which obtains even in sparsely peo pled South America. If the experiment proves successful —and there is no apparent reason why it should turn out unfavorably—then the 20,000 settlers above referred to will be prob ably only a first installment." They May Be Happy Vet. Louisville Times. The average Briton will enter the twentieth century in a state of mind far, far from gay. But so did his father enter the nineteenth century, but after Waterloo he led a rather hilarious existence through the remainder of his years. Plenty Left. Atlanta Constitution. The kidnapping cra*e has struck Billville. The editor of the Banner says: "Somebody kidnapped two of our family on Wednesday last.Don't return 'em—there's no reward out; we have thirteen left!" Let the Senate Reform, Too. Pittsburg Chronicle Telegraph. The senate itself can be brought into better accord with public opinion by changing its rules so us to provide means for closing de bate and to put it out of the power of a minority to hold up legislation for blackmail- Ing purposes. Harrison's Speech. " ' Washington Corespondence St. Louis- Globe- Democrat. When General Harrison was here shortly before the holidays,/he called at the White . House and upon members of the cabinet.' To * one of the president's nearest representatives the I former president ' declared his hope j for the highest degree of success of the admin istration. ~|&)HfBfBHBUBH "But," he added, "I have got to make a speech against you on this insular policy." From this It appears that the former pres ident did purposely refrain from permitting his views to exercise any adverse Influence in the campaign, and that he gave friendly warning of his coming broadside for the flag and constitution. Nevertheless, the members of the administration say that it is bad; taste for the ex-president to argue this most im portant case out of. court and against the government position. ; Where a Censor Is Needed. Brooklyn Eagle. ■■• There ought to be appointed a censor of social standing. All the brides, all the fiances and all the divorcees cannot be "wealthy, prominent and of high social standing." But apparently reporters cannot be restrained from saying that they ax*. Re form ■ is i necessary. ' .' • Not Always. Washington \ Star. : Mr. Bryan - refuses to ' accept any advertis | ing for the first issue of his paper. He wild not ' always be thus - haughty. When McLean Ii Happy. Chicago Times-Herald. John R. McLean is . starting a senatorial boom for , himself in, Ohio. * McLean' Is never > happy unless be ;is trying to get something the. people of Ohio will not let him' have.