LUCIAN SWIFT, J. S. McLAIN,
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"John Marshall Day"
A Chicago dispetch gives the program
for the exercises in that city on February
4th, commemorating the centenary of the
induction into office of chief justice of the
United States supreme court of John Mar
shall, the great interpreter of constitution
al law, whose commission was signed by
President John Adams. It has been pro
posed that the day will be observed by
aopropriate exercises in the supreme court
room at Washington, by a joint session
of th« two houses of congress, by all the
law schools of the country and by the
bar in every city.
It- Is probable that this program will
not be carried out as extensively as in
dicated, but John Marshall well deserves
the honor of large centennial recognition
for his great services to his country during
his thirty-four years of active work on
the supreme bench. His statue in bronze
stands at the western front of the national
capitol, where it was unveiled in May,
1884, with high tributes of distinguished
jurists and statesmen to the great ex
pounder of the constitution. When Mar
shall took his seat, the court had only been
organized eleven years and scare a hun
dred cases had been passed upon. During
Marshall's term, from 1801 to 1835, sixty
two decisions involving questions of con
stitutional law were given, of which he
•wrote the opinion of the court in 36. He
took hold of the work when the con
stitution had been tested only a short
time and when a multitude of questions
began to crowd upon the attention of the
court. Justice Story, in dedicating his
"Commentaries on the Constitution" to
Marshall, spoke of him as "one whose
youth was engaged in the arduous enter
prises of the Revolution, whose manhood
assisted in framing and supporting the
constitution, and whose maturer years have
been devoted to the task of unfolding its
powers and illustrating its principles."
This reference was to Marshall's services
as secretary of state under Adams and as
one of the three envoys sent to Prance, and
as a member of congress. He served in the
patriotic army in the war for independ
ence five years, and smelled gunpowder in
many hard-fought battles, including the
assault on Stony Point.
This man, so admirably prepared and
disciplined for the great office he held,
•was strong and irrefutable in all his ar
guments touching the characteristic dis
tinction between the government of the
union and those of the states and the
constitutional power of the federal govern
ment to protect itself and its laws. He
was a man whom this nation should de
light to honor.
The Course of Business
The money rates for 1900 ruled lower
than ever known for a period of such
large business activity. The rate in
force now Is 3 per cent with the air filled
■with rumors of the greatest consolidations
ever considered in the business world.
This would seem to be a test of solidity
and general soundness that cannot well be
gotten around. All predictions of the last
two months that investments were in a
position of weakness have been swept
by the board. It is always wise to keep
conservatism in mind; at the same time,
It Is always prudent to keep sufficiently
•well informed on the trend of development
to knew whether an advance in the price
of securities is due to speculative manipu
lation or to industrial development. The
man who keeps informed so that he is
courageous when others are timid is
usually the one who makes the large sum
When the great record of 1899 was closed
up on Iron and steel, no one anticipated
that the record of 1900 would show larger
figures. But it did. For several months
of the year there was a seemingly slow
business and doubts were expressed about
the result. But when the year began to
close up the orders for iron began to come
in and the close of the year showed that
orders for last year had gone ahead of
the previous year 1,000,000 tons, and the
mills start the new year with more orders
for finished steel than they had at the be
ginning of 1900.
In the textile trade last year was a fair
average. In the cotton line there was
great activity. During the year there
were built or projected 530 textile mills,
against 299 in 1899, and this activity was
chiefly in the south. During the year
the number of knitting mills constructed
•was the largest on record. Only a few
years ago the country was a large im-
porter of ootton hosiery and underwear;
last year it was a large exporter. Not
withstanding the activity in cotton manu
facturing in the south the New England
business was satisfactory.
The whole range of American manufac
ture could be gone over in this way with
a similar result. And apparently the pres
ent year is opening in the most satisfac
tory manner. Railroad earnings show in
creases over a year ago, and the figures
of last year were supposed to be the high
est that could reasonably be recorded.
The week has been filled with rumors of
rail consolidations. No authorized pub
lications have been made, but it seems
practically certain that regardless of what
the exact relations of the roads may be
matters have reached a point where from
a rate standpoint there is practically con
solidation. Whether this has been gained
by agreement or by the actual transfer of
stock is not certain, but the latter theory
is the one generally accepted.
The initial movement wa*s taken by
President Hill, it is believed, who by
timely action has saved the northwest
roads from a possible shut-out through the
consolidation of other interests that might
have embarrassed him in securing New
York connections. It is not so important
to know Just how the work has been done
as it is to know that whatever has been
done preserves Intact the interests of the
northwest in relation to the seaboard.
The money market holds remarkably
quiet with 3 per cent about the rate rul
ing. The general business of -the country
is in satisfactory condition. Bank clear
ings increased 41 per cent on the week.
This is a showing that encourages on
Nearly all the members of the legisla
ture are at home to-day among their con
stituents, free from the solicitations and
importunities of senatorial candidates and
their friends, removed from the excite
ment and tension which obtain in the
state capitol these days, and where they
can reflect calmly and seriously upon their
duty as representatives of the people in
filling the senatorial vacancy. They are
in a position to give due weight to the
important considerations that should en
ter into the choice of a successor to Sen
ator Davis. It is not expected that we
shall be able to match him in point of
ability and experience as a statesman, but
we owe it to ourselves to do the best we
can and to come as near filling his place
as the available material will permit.
Not only are the legislators bound to
consider the personal qualifications of
candidates, their honesty, their ability,
and every other personal consideration,
but they are bound to take into account
the effect of this election upon the party
at home. They are bound to realize that
the republican party of Minnesota has no
preponderance of strength and votes and
hold upoD the state of Minnesota to fool
with. While at the last election the na
tonal ticket and national issues swept
the state by the largest plurality ever
given for a republican president, we have
only recovered the governorship from the
democracy by a hard fight and elected a
republican governor by a narrow ma
jority. Our success as to that office in
the past has been due chiefly to the con
dition of the opposition, and we know
that when it is united we have serious
business before us. We can make a mis
take at this senatorial election which will
add to our embarrassments in the future
or we can take such action as will com
mend itself to the judgment of the peo- '
pie of the state, and compel their confi
dence in the wisdom and integrity of the
legislative body and the party which con
The Journal' has already indicated,
of course, what in its judgment is the wise
thing to do. Every one understands that
our preference is the Hennepin county can
didate, Hon. R. G. Evans. But we are
quite willing to submit his claims upon
the basis upon which we have urged the
selection to be made; first, that of ability
and character; second, that of acceptability
to the people of the state. Mr. Evans has
conducted a campaign upon the highest
grounds possible to be taken by any man
in such a controversy. Nobody is asked to
vote for him upon any other consideration
than that of fitness for the office, and the
political wisdom of placing the senator
ship in Hennepin county. If he cannot win
upon these grounds he doeßn't wish to win
For these reasons, he demands that the
question be «ettled by a republican caucus,
and is ready to hold it any time, the earlier
the better so far as the work of the ses
sion is concerned. He has the support of
a great many, in our judgment the major
ity, of the leading and influential men of
both houses, men whose judgment should
count for much in this connection, and we
believe it will be the wisdom and the good
fortune of the republican party to select
him for the office to which he aspires.
A statement as to the expensive way, in
which the county business is conducted,
which appears in another column, sug
gests very strongly the importance, per
haps the necessity if there is to be a
change, of a better system of bookkeeping
in the county auditor's office. Some of the
facts which appear in the classification of
expense items show that there exists an
opportunity under the present system to
waste the public money in large aggregate
amount, without it being practicable to
find out where it went to —at least not
without much more effort than should be
required. The new auditor has a chance
to make a record. He will of course make
a Tecord and one which we propose to
keep track of, but what is meant is a rec
ord for economy and reform which will
redound greatly to his credit and advant
age. We hope for that result.
A Verdict Well Bestowed
The coroner's Jury investigating the trag
ical explosion which occurred some months
ago in a New York drug establishment,
resulting in great loss of life and destruc
tion of property, yesterday returned a ver
dict holding the members of the firm crim
inally responsible, and the case will go
to the grand jury. »
This explosion originated in a room
where a slight blaze gathered force to
spread beyond control in a short time,
speedily igniting a mass of deadly explo
sives stored in the building and causing
the wrecking, not only of the drug house,
but of other structures in the adjoining
blocks and dealing death and destruction
in the streets and buildings. This tragedy
stimulated public excitement and the au
thorities of New York have been taking
steps to prevent the storage of such ma
terial in the heart of the city.
There can be little doubt that the finding
of the coroner's jury will be sustained. At
least It ought to la and no potential in-
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
fluenoe wiiich seeks to protect the firm
should be permitted to Intervene. No doubt
in other cities, there is stored death-deal
ing material, daily endangering the public.
There are ordinances in most every city
which forbid the storage of quantities of
gunpowder, oils, etc., within the limits,
but they are frequently ignored to euit
the convenience of business firms who are
aware that they are carrying in their
stores the virile seeds of great tragedies.
The man who carries an infernal machine
in his trunk or valiee is, when discovered,
usually treated as a public enemy. The
individual who is found carrying In his
own person from place to place the evi
dence of smallpox is promptly taken into
custody and removed where he can no
longer sow the germs of the dreaded
plague. The owner of a building whose
walla are regarded as unsafe is held re
sponsible for the damage done to others by
the fall of a wall. In France they make
the owner of property where a fire breaks
out, partly responsible for damages.
There are dangers enough threatening
humanity without increasing them by stor
ing deadly material in the business portion
of cities, within a stone's throw of crowded
Tributes to Davis
Eulogies will be delivered in the senate
to-day on the late Senator Davis. Among
the speakers will be Minnesota's repre
sentatives in that body, Senator Nelson
and Senator Towne. Senator Nelson's re
marks The Journal reproduces in
full. Liberal extracts are also given from
Mr. Towne's oration and from the speeches
of other senators.
The delivery of eulogies in congress is
customary and often perfunctory, but not
so in this case. It is evident from the re
marks of the senators themselves how
deeply they are sensible of the irreparable
loss which they have sustained in the
death of Senator Davis. Senator Nelson
speaks in feeling terms on this point, and
pays a tribute to the memory of the de
parted which will be echoed in the hearts
of Minnesotans everywhere as they read
his remarks to-day.
The sentiments uttered in the senate,
the great appreciation of the value of his
services to his state and his country, and
the high position which Minnesota had
attained in the councils of the cation
through his long experience in the senate
and his brilliant services there, should im
press the members of the legislature with
the importance of selecting as his succes
sor the best available material from the
standpoint of intellectual ability and
strength of character.
Mr. Clapp's supporters tell the St. Paul
Dispatch that they do not want a caucus
because they have a lot of support in the
democratic camp, with the aid of which
they expect to elect Mr. Clapp. That may
be commended for frankness but for noth
ing else. There are 140 republicans
and 42 democrats in the legisla
ture. The impression seems to be
that under such circumstances the republi
cans ought to select a senator themselves
and not leave it to the democrats to dic
tate who he shall be. But in their oppo
sition to a caucus the-Clapp people seem
to take a different view. If the republic
! ens do not settle the matter in caucus and
do it before the matter comes to a vote
we may see the 42 democrats pick out a
senator for the big republican majority.
Beware the republican who shies at the
Liberty and Legislature.
There are state legislatures that never meet
without adding to the sum of human gayety.
Their output of laws and resolutions often
throws the effete monarchies of the old world
into sallies of unextinguishable laughter.
When the legislature of Nevada elects a Unit
ed States senator it makes the mouth of the
Prince of Monaco water. When Montana has
a flnanco-senatorial contest on the boards,
the flow of the nation's life blood into the
hands of the common people draws groans
from the Rothschilds. The tactics employed
in baking powder legislation and other_leg
pulling acts are watched for with joyous~an
ticipation by the political economists of four
continents. The other day the lower house
of the Missouri legislature loosened up and
tackled the Philippine question. The result
nearly gave the governor general of Canada
apoplexy. The Missouri lawmakers felt it
depouent on them to take a hand in Uncle
Sam's unpleasant and expensive mixup with
the brown boys. So they adopted the follow
Whereas, The sympathies of the American
people go out to all nations and all people
struggling for liberty; therefore be it
Resolved, That the house of representatives
of the forty-first general assembly extend
sympathy to the people of the Philippine
archipelago in their heroic struggle for free
Yet a peaceably inclined colored man, if he
tried to vote in Missouri, would be in danger
of committing suicide.
Liberty is a good thing, and a legislature
that is so anxious to see it established in the
Philippines might find a good chance to hand
out some political freedom a little bit nearer
A Bit of Boer Humor.
General De Wet is accused of making game
of General Rundle, the British commander
who has been most active in chasing him.
De Wet managed to capture three British
scouts at a time when he could not afford to
be feeding or carrying around any extra lug
gage in the shape of prisoners of war. The
Boer commander agreed to restore these men
their liberty provided they would pledge their
word of honor to give into General Kundle's
own hands an important dispatch which Gen
eral De Wet wished to send him.
The prisoners agreed to do this service and
were given a large sealed, official looking
envelope with which they hastened back into
the British camp. It was opened in their
presence, while they stood at attention, and
the contents read aloud by the recipient, as
"To Gen. RundJe:
'•Dear Sir: Please chain up these three
devils, as I can catch them every day. Yours,
—"De Wet." '
The officer who writes the story home to
Glasgow says that the commander nearly had
a fit of apoplexy.
It was a very "dry" bit of humor on the
part of De Wet.
The claim has been made that the Boers
are deficient in humor, but a man who can
perpetrate a practical joke like this will cer
tainly bear watchiag a intle longer. He may
to. K. Vanderbilt's White Ghost automo
bile has frightened so many Connecticut
horses into throwing shoes that the state
legislature has been appealed to to put a
legal brake on William's machine.
Governor Hill of Maine in his inaugural
said that "the shipbuilding industry of the
state was never so picaperous." There's a
man who clearly .loes not understand the
first principles of rhe game.
A Faribault man writes a letter to argue
that perhaps Cadet Bcoa's life was prolonged
by the hazing he received. Possibly, but
most people prefer to die a, HtUe earlier to
avoid the experience.
A local doctor, asked what was the best
thing for the grippe replied, "Go and see
your physician." This looks rather like "the
best thing" for the dector.
John Hell of Oklahoma is a candidate for
congress. There may be future punishment
for the national legislature yet.
An Ohio legislator fnm Squash Corners or
some such township has. introduced a bill to I
make football Illegal,. They can never make
the variety put up at the university last year
There is a feeling -'li/t Washington that
Baron Goodnow might be able to settle the
trouble over killing the umpire in China by
fining all the players. ' - - ■ '
A New Jersey man is In the dutches of the
law for spanking Ms wife with : a frying pan.
She made most uareaoocable objection.
Somebody is talking up 1 Senator Mason for
president in 1904. It is believed that this
gossip can be traced to Senator Mason.
That salt elixir of life was tried on the late
Mr. • Armour. For; obituary- notices see back
numbers of this paper.
; The senatorial contest Is qne dazzling scene
of alcoholic splendor, to the thirsty man with
the unpledged vote.
Some of the senatorial candidates with the
fewest votes are getting very "chesty" and
dignified. . , .
If the new policemen walk fast enough
they may bo able to catch the grippe.
A REPUBLICAN CAUCUS
AND AN EARLY ONE
Worthington Advance—The republican
members of the legislature made the. proper
move • in early nominating Senator Nelson to
succeed himself. This put the ; question out
of the way so that no time was lost by his
supporters in looking after his interests. If
prompt action had been taken in . choosing
a successor to Senator Davis'much .valuable
time would have been saved and enabled the
members to devote their time -to important
matters that are to come before the legis
lature. The candidates that are up for the
senatorship have been before the people in
public life for years, so that their ability
really requires no time for consideration and
the hour of holding a caucus for making a
selection should be held early. :;.. V •
D. C. Lightbourn, Ada Index—l am heartily
in favor of the proposition for an early re
publican caucus to name the successor to
Senator Davis. The legislature is more apt
to make a popular choice at the start than
after the wire pullers get in their work.
A long drawn out contest, where the minority
might get into the ' game, would be a mis
fortune not only to the republican party, but
to the best interests of the state, as it would
hinder and even influence legislation.
Phil A. Kaufer,' Red Lake Falls (Sazette—
Government in our country is one by parties.
The great parties announce in their platforms
their stand on the great issues of: the day;
these . announcements, in , conjunction , with
the inherent principles of a party, together
with precedent, polity and party record, give
the voter the basis on which to make a de
cision in casting his ballot. In state as well
as national matters these rules hold good.
The overwhelming victory of the republican
party in this state, • leaves that party in
full control, with all the laurels as well as
the responsibilties. No democrat or populist
can be elected senator, and therefore it is the
belief of the editor of this paper that : it is
for the best interests of the republican party
that the senatorial question should be set
tled by a republican legislative caucus; that
the caucus should be held at as early a date
as possible. Besides the party expediency in
volved, and the justness of allowing the mat
ter to be settled without the participation of
the democratic minority, the interests of the
state demand that this question be speedily
settled, so that the state's business may not
be neglected and all danger of an unseemly
and undignified scramble, involving a scan
dal, be removed. Were conditions reversed,
and had the democratic party received the
majority given to the republican party in
this state, It would be our opinion that the
democrats should settle the matter in caucus,
without the participation of the republican
minority. V- c
Sleepy Eye Dispatch—Since, this is a free
coHntry and every one has the right of his
own opinion, and, since tne game of politics
is about the deepest game the sons of men
engage in, and. further, • since | the caucus is
only an outgrowth of political necessities, we
are inclined to the belief that the frantic
efforts of the Evans crowd to get a caucus
at this time is their best play. The clever
evasion of the Clapp and Tawney crowd to
this play is another good move which proves
conclusively that both crowds are onto their
job. The scarecrow of a democratic minority
seriously affecting the selection is quite a
scheme. The senatorial game up to this time
is a good one and beats draw poker, whist,
euchre or cinch all hollow, and lookerson will
please keep still and watch the play. It is
proper to interfere if there is any cheating. '
The lawmakers are doing nothing else while
they are taking this recreation' and nothing
is a good deal better than mischievous legis
NORTH STAR POLITICS
The real bearing of the action of the lower
house of the legislature in refusing to accept
the report of the committee on rules as pre
sented the other day seems to have been
overlooked. The reports generally represent
"Jake" Jacobson as having suffered a defeat
after making a strenuous effort to prevent
the addition of a few more employes to the
house's staff of clerks, etc. As a matter of
fact, the matter of employes was a minor
one, and Mr. Jacobson did not make a deter
mined • effort ■to prevent the increase. The
real question raised by the report of the com
mittee on rules was ■whether the general ap
propriations • committee should have control
over appropriations or merely act as a book
keeper. The committee on rules reported
the old rules with the omission of a clause
of section 22, which reads as follows:
"All bills, whether emanating., from the
house or the senate, carrying an appropria- :
tion, ehall be referred to the committee on ,
appropriations for action by that committee
before second residing of bills."
The omission of this, clause would deprive
the committee on appropriations of all vital
ity, and there would be no central power to
supervise and revise appropriation bills. Rep
resentative Jacobson saw this point in a min
ute, and at , once moved to amend the report
of the committee by striking out that part of
it which provided for the omission of the
quoted, ; clause. Mr. Jacobson's motion pre
vailed two to one and the old rules were
adopted intact. It is not too much to esti
mate that at least $300,000 has been saved to
the state by this action. BffM
Just what was the purpose of the committee
In making the report it did is not certain, but
it has been suggested that it was in the in
terests of the new capitol building. This sus
picion is further corroborated by the fact
that Mr. Dunn, the chairman, is a St. -Paul
man and an old member and not unacquaint
ed 1 with the wiles of the world. ..The St. Paul
people want appropriations for the capitol
greater than the entire amount in the build
ing fund. By getting rid of the check of the
general appropriations committee and rushing
their bill through early in the session they
hoped, it may be, to get all they want, before
representatives of "other interests realized
what was going on.
Gus Widen of ; Mankato has . his - reward, I
see. The governor has made him a member
of i his staff, given him the rank of colonel
and ; the right -to wear • unlimited' yards of
gold cord, a chapeau and a uniform that
would frighten a grizzled veteran. Gus, al
though nominally a republican, was too much
attached" to John ;L.ind in -1898 to do much
for the republican party down his way—which
is the -Mankato way. .' But this year Gus
came up to the scratch and put in some good
work for Van Sant,, with the result that Blue
Earth county was carried by the Winona
Gossip in St. ,'• Paul . yesterday was to - the
effect that C. McC. Reeve, warden of the
state prison, is to be ousted to make way for
the return of Warden . Wolf«r. Mr. Wolfer
denies that he is contemplating a change, but
there is good reason to believe that within
two or. three days he will accept the warden
ship once more. The prison board is meeting
in Stillwater to-day, and something may
transpire at' that meeting : relating to the re
tirement of General Reeve and the appoint
ment of Mr. Wolf er.- The governor yesterday
appointed . Roscoe H. Bronson of Stillwater
to succeed his, father David as resident mem
ber of the prison, board. ■ y,"--::. • '
If any man contemplates entering a contest
for an appointive office he should first go to
the governor's ante-room and •.watch the anx
ious ; groups there gathered. :: Care and high
nervous tension; is written on every face.- The,
governor cannot pass without all eyes follow
ing him nervously to detect some sign of
favor. The seeker of an appointive office is
a slave and* often a cringing slave, too. He
Is seeking favors and indorsements on every
hand. He hardly dares to express an opinion
on the state of the weather for fear he will
disappoint somebody, and he has committed
his happiness to the keeping of others.
And If, after all, the candidate Is sueceaafui
it is likely to be his ruin. In his "Recolleo
tlons of Lincoln" Chittenden remarks that in
his long experience he scarcely knows of a
man who has come through the ordeal un
scathed. Around the lobbies in St. Paul, fear
fully waiting for some crumb of political pat
ronage, may be seen men who a few years
ago were prosperous, hopeful, self-reliant
resolute and well-groomed, who are now
without regular business, discouraged. Irres
olute and untidy, In a sense suppliants for
public assistance, for the plea of many of
them for some little office is that they need
it for support.
Take these broken men and trace the back
track of their careers and you will find nine
times out of ten that their undoing was the
acceptance of some office which took them
out of the field they knew and left them at
the end of a short term with extravagant hab
its, the itch for another office, a thirst for
fh. nM*f- and alt°gether OUt Of tOUCh With
the old lives. -Theodore M. Knappen.
New York Daily Letter.
BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL
- „ N°- 21 Park Row.
The French Ball.
J The French ba]l nas c°me and
gone That feature of New York's midwinter
life that represents the fashion and culture
of the tenderloin and v/hich to the unsophist
icated mind is the embodiment of all that
is risque, has passed again into history with
out perceptibly raising the temperature of
the city beyond a few feet from Madison
Square Garden. True, there were some live
ly scenes In the garden during the wee
small hours of Wednesday morning, the
usual amount of high kicking and boisterous
conduct as the viands dispensed from the
champagne room got in their work- the
usual free and easy conduct on the part of
all comers that marks the event, but the
costumes were not particularly elaborate and
there was no particularly spontaneous spirit
to be found to make such an affair an un
qualified success. The annual balls of the
Cercle Francais de I'Harmonie are interest
ing events, but largely overadvertised and
thus fall short of general expectations For
instance, at Tuesday night's affair there were
not more than a couple of hundred persons
in masquerade costume and of that number
most of them were hired for the occasion
to throw life into the proceedings and wake
up the crowd after midnight. The theat
rical world, the sporting world and the fre
quenters generally of night life gathering
places about town were to be found a plenty
but beyond this the attendance was light
Certainly Madison Square Garden did not
need an asbestos lining to save the walls
from the heat of the occasion, greatly to the
disappointment of the out-of-town people
who were induced to come to the city just
to watch the hilarious sights of the French
ball of 1901.
Mr. Vanderbilt as a Lecturer.
Cornelius Vanderbilt the younger has
branched out as a lecturer .as well as an in
ventor and a dodger of scheming politicians
This scion of the house of Vanderbilt, who
was practically disinherited by his father be
cause of his marriage to the girl of his
choice regardless of parental objection, has
taken high rank as a student and not long
ago surprised the railroad and engineering
world with his invention of a locomotive fire
box which is to-day in use on many of the
largest railroads. Later on he attracted at
tention as a visitor to the last republican
state convention at Saratoga, whither he
went as a delegate from this city. There Mr.
Vanderbilt was the object of the most solicit
ous attention from the great mass of political
: "grafters," who saw in the young man, who
notwithstanding his practical disinheritance
is worth about $7,000,000, a fine chance to
pluck a golden goose. Br. Mr. Vanderbilt
did not desire to take a commanding place
in the councils of his party, absolutely de
clined to become a candidate for any office
and got away from the convention and from
the campaign without. enriching any of the
political hangers on. Thus he acquired for
himself a reputation of shrewdness that was
most favorably commented upon. Now he
has appeared before a meeting of the* Ameri
can Society of Mechanical Engineers, has de
scribed his invention, the fire box, and went
at his subject in such a plain and intelligible
manner that he won his auditors at the start
and they did not hesitate to show their ap
proval of him and of his invention. Mr.
Vanderbilt is himself a member of the so
ciety and from the grizzled veteran to the
youngest member he cr.plained the details of
the improved "Vanderbilt type" of firebox
in such a manner ttat they paid tribute to
the practical value of the new device. Stere
opticon views' illustrated the parts of the
invention. Young Vanderbilt gives promise
to rank in the world of invention as did his
ancestors in the world of finance.
Trying to Cbeat the Trolley Lines.
All sorts of schemes come to light to show
the attempts of people to defraud the street
railways of their dues. Some of the latest
of these petty frauds are interesting, par
ticularly so to sho*v to what lengths people
will go to beat a transportation company out
of a nickle. The elevated railroad scheme
of having the passengers deposit their tickets
in a box under the eye of a "ticket chopper"
before entering trains has led to two new
schemes that meet with general success. This
is especially the case during the hours when
the trains are crowded. The first trick is
done by a turn of the wrist without the use
of a ticket, the person working the game
simply going along with the crowd, ap
proaching the ticket man with hand and
fingers in position as though holding a ticket
and while the others are dropping in their
tickets he goes through the motions of drop
ping one also and then passes on. Even
where the ticket man may suspect the pas
senger he hesitates to accuse him for fear of
making a serious mistake for which the com
pany might be liable for damages, and the
employe be discharged. The other plat; is
worked on a perc?ntage basis, a part of a
ride being stolen each time. The passenger
buys a strip of tickets, tears them off him
self, making the first ticket a little short,
the next more so, until at the end of the
third trip he finds !-o has enough to steal a
ride on the company. It is a small business,
but is largely carried on.
A \ew Chamber of Commerce.
At last the New York Chamber of Com
merce has selected the ground on which it
will erect Its new home. For nearly a year
has consideration of this question been going
on without results being attained, bnt now it
has been decided that the fine new structure
of the chamber will be erected in the place
of the old Real Estate Exchange at Liberty
place and Liberty street. The land for the
building has been i urchased, $;no,ooo being
paid for it by Morris K. Jesup, the president
of the chamber, and at that the ground cov
ers but little more than three city lots. It
affords ample opportunity, however, for the
erection of a dignified building, three stories
high, and the chamber has at its disposal
about $300,000 more 10 be used for the con
struction of the building, the fund completed
last April for this purpose amounting to an
even million dollars. The home of the
Chamber of Commerce is expected to be
completed by the flr.;t of next January, at
which time the organization wishes to oc
A wise man stopped one day to give
A fool advice, and high
Above their heads a builder worked.
And let a hammer fly!
The fool had asked for no advice,
He tried to get away.
But the wise man had him buttonholed.
And so he had to stay!
The hammer tumbled through the air
And struck the sage's head;
The fool looked at the corpse a while
And "Gosh!" was ail he said.
And then he sauntered on his way,
Aa foolish as before,
And thought of that wise man and of
Kis good advice no more!
The man who stives advice to fools
Against their wish or will
Too oft escapes the hammer and
Advises others still!
SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 12, 1901
A Lesson in Love-Making
BY WILLIAM M'LEAN RAINE.
Copyrighted, 1900, by Author's Syndicate.
"It's the love-making that gets me," he Baid, gloomily, with bis chin in nfa Hands.
"I make a botch of it every time I try it. Don't seem to get the knack of it,
somehow," he growled. "I suppose it takes a special kind of idiot to writ© that sore
of thing." Then, irrelevantly and with the tact "of his sex: "Wish you'd helo me
"How nice of you to think I could help you, Mr. Winslow."
"Not at all. What I want is realism—the touch of actuality, you know. Litera
ture should be founded on life and experience, the critics say. Well, now, what do I
know about proposing marriage, for instance?" He was growing enthusiastic. She
took him in with one rapid glance.
"O Mr. Winslow—at your age?"
"I'm not gray-haired yet," he told her, in an aggrieved voice.
"Of course not. I didn't mean that. I'll be gray-haired myself long before you
will," she retorted, soothingly, with a glance at the rapid widening bald spot on the
top of his head.
When a young woman gets started on the subject of one's age, there are two
things that may be done—make inquiries about hers, or change the matter under
discussion entirely. As Miss Blackston was frankly 21, and still had birthdays at regu
lar intervals, Winslow thought it better to hark back to the order of the day.
''My experience has not been in that line," he harped on.
"But if some nice girl with lots of experience would take me in hand," he con
"Meaning me?" she broke in.
"Well, I did think of you," he admitted.
"Can a philosopher learn of a fool?"
"I should think he might learn some things. But what's that got to do with It?"
"Everything. You have no right to be a novelist unless you are a philosopher,
and I agree with you that I am a fool."
"Why, Miss Blackiston—"
"O well, an idiot! It's the same thing, isn't it? Not a common idiot but a spe
"How you take a fellow up. Of course, I didn't mean you. I meant writer chaps.
But you really must give me some lessons in how to write the love scenes."
"Your instinct ought to tell you how."
"But if it doesn't?"
"Then, since it is in my special province of idiocy, I don't mind giving you one
"Thanks, awfully. Must I act as my instinct tells me?" he wanted to know.
He was a little too anxious. She looked at him dubiously an instant before she
limitations, yes. But you must not be silly—at least not too silly."
"I'll be no sillier than the subject requires," he assented, cheerfully. "Shall we
begin now? No time like the present, you know. First-class proverb that."
It struck her that he was pretty eager. He certainly appeared anxious to embrace
his opportunity. She wondered if he were not better up on the subject than he pre
"It would be^ better if my mother were here —more regular."
"I don't see it. The whole thing would be wooden, and above all, I want it to be
"May it not grow too spontaneous?"
"O I don't think so,"he answered, promptly. That was the least of his troubles.
Then he added: "It could not, you know—for the book."
"I was not thinking of the book."
"Say when, Miss Annie."
She put aside her hesitation and nodded at 'him, smiling, and- yet a little fearful,
"All right, here goes. Play ball. But, I say, how must I begin?"
"You ought to lead up gradually. Are you thinking of proposing this evening, or
is this to be devoted to mere preliminaries?"
get right down to business, don't you think? The sooner the better."
"Just as you please. Remember to come to the point gradually—and get some
enthusiasm into your voice."
"Like this?" he asked. " 'Miss Blackiston, it is a fine day. I don't remember
ever to have seen a finer. O—Ah—Er—Will you marry me?' "
"No, I certainly will not, Mr. Winslow—not if you ask me like that. Good gra
cious, but you are ignorant," she groaned. "Where were you educated? I do not
wonder any more that your stories are so slow."
"Isn't that all right?" he asked, anxiously, suppressing the smile.
"No, sir! It is all wrong. Try to get some eagerness into your manner, and a lit
tle express-ion into your face, and—you are not glued to the chair are you?" This
last hurriedly, with a little shame-faced laugh.
She continued her instruction.
"You must not ask a girl to marry you in the same tone of voice you use whe.i
speaking about the weather or buying a pair of gloves, because if you do I am afrair.
you will find the weather cool and the gloves mittens."
He took out his not book and made a memorandum.
"What are you writing?" she asked, suspiciously.
"I was merely making a note of something."
"I know you were and I want to see what it was. It's not very good form to
write while lam talking to you. Just hand ever that noje book, please."
He shut it and handed it over with a grin. If she could pick out what he had just
written from among the jumble of notes she would find there she was quite welcome
''What does all this mean?" she wanted to know. "'A flame of fire ran through
his blood, . . . 'white, foam-flecked lips and furtive eyes' . . . 'Look up
afflcher and myopic' . . . 'cayn't make a wheel noheow; I'd be proud tuh hey ye
come; the Kingston pike'—work into a mtn Kentucky story.' "
"Those are literary notes," he explained, with dignity and reached out his hand
for the book.
But she waved him back.
"Here's some more nonsense," she continued. " 'Scenery of the west w'd be much
improved in abridged edition,' What nonsense! 'A caustic jeering laugh,' H"m!
And, bless my stars, here's verse!" she cried, gleefully. "I didn't know you were a.
He burlesqued despair. "Oh, don't mind my feelings. Read it right out. Might
as well, you know."
''I'm going to" she told him calmly. Here it is:
"I see the snow-clad mountains white,
I see the rolling plain;
And you the flush of morning light
Beside the western main.
The low wind creeps and calls, my love.
It sweeps from me to you;
From it the sweet tale falls, my love.
That Eve and Adam knew."
"How sadly pathetic! How full of poesy and the stuff that dreams are made of!"
He made a dive at the notebook, but she danced away with it.
'•Hang it that's not fair,. Miss Annie. Anyway you'd better hand it back before you
come to something you won't like."
'"Write story on Lang's verses." "He Wins His Love Who Loses," ' It could not
be much of a story. Oh, here it is: "When proposing to A. be particular abt getting
enthusiasm into manner.' Who is A.?"
Then comprehension came to the young woman, and she handed back the book
with a very red face. Winslow pocketed it calmly.
"I told you that you would come to something you did not like. Better take my
advice next time," he grinned.
But Miss Blackiston was all for changing the subject. She plunged at the first
topic that came to her mind and wanted to know if he were going to try again.
"The love-making?" he asked.
''Yes—for the book."
"Of course—for the book. How stupid of me! I had quite forgotten the book.
Well,.how would this do? I have long cherished an affection for you, Miss Blackiston,
which has lately ripened into love. The more I see of you the more I recognize your
worthy sterling qualities and desire to walk in closer friendship—"
"Silly," she broke in. "A girl does not want to hear about her worthy, sterling
qualities. Tell her the things that count.'
"Yes that's it. What does count?" he asked.
She opened her lips to tell him, then gave him up as a bad case. He smiled un
"Too icy?" he asked, referring to his last attempt.
"Yes- sir. A great deal to icy, as you call it for success. Your characters should
have some life and fire in them. They are not all theological students are they?"
He assured her they were not and at the next attempt turned on the register with
success. He waylaid her hands and held them prisoner while he told his story. He
forg<?t all about the book, and so did she. It was some minutes later before she re
membered that it was all a play. Promptly she disengaged her hands and assured
him that he could have his diploma with the degree of A. B.
"Now you are talking," he assured her. "I'll take the A. B. with thanks—it stand 3
for Annie Blackiston —but I'm going to take post graduate work at the same college,
And he did.
JAPS FOR THE ARGENTINE
"The government of Buenos Aires," says
a writer in the Spectator, "has granted a
concession of 200 square leagues of land in
the valley of the River Pilcomayo for the
foundation of an agricultural colony, and
by the conditions of the contract 20,000 Jap
anese settlers are to be planted in this terri
tory. Argentina is ready to welcome the
Japanese settlers as a means of utilizing her
vast and (at present) unprofitable domains,
where the population does not amount to
more than 25 a square mile, being the low
est rate which obtains even in sparsely peo
pled South America. If the experiment proves
successful —and there is no apparent reason
why it should turn out unfavorably—then the
20,000 settlers above referred to will be prob
ably only a first installment."
They May Be Happy Vet.
The average Briton will enter the twentieth
century in a state of mind far, far from gay.
But so did his father enter the nineteenth
century, but after Waterloo he led a rather
hilarious existence through the remainder of
The kidnapping cra*e has struck Billville.
The editor of the Banner says: "Somebody
kidnapped two of our family on Wednesday
last.Don't return 'em—there's no reward out;
we have thirteen left!"
Let the Senate Reform, Too.
Pittsburg Chronicle Telegraph.
The senate itself can be brought into better
accord with public opinion by changing its
rules so us to provide means for closing de
bate and to put it out of the power of a
minority to hold up legislation for blackmail-
Harrison's Speech. " '
Washington Corespondence St. Louis- Globe-
When General Harrison was here shortly
before the holidays,/he called at the White .
House and upon members of the cabinet.' To *
one of the president's nearest representatives
the I former president ' declared his hope j for
the highest degree of success of the admin
"But," he added, "I have got to make a
speech against you on this insular policy."
From this It appears that the former pres
ident did purposely refrain from permitting
his views to exercise any adverse Influence
in the campaign, and that he gave friendly
warning of his coming broadside for the flag
and constitution. Nevertheless, the members
of the administration say that it is bad; taste
for the ex-president to argue this most im
portant case out of. court and against the
; Where a Censor Is Needed.
Brooklyn Eagle. ■■•
There ought to be appointed a censor of
social standing. All the brides, all the
fiances and all the divorcees cannot be
"wealthy, prominent and of high social
standing." But apparently reporters cannot
be restrained from saying that they ax*. Re
form ■ is i necessary.
' .' • Not Always.
Washington \ Star.
: Mr. Bryan - refuses to ' accept any advertis
| ing for the first issue of his paper. He wild
not ' always be thus - haughty.
When McLean Ii Happy.
John R. McLean is . starting a senatorial
boom for , himself in, Ohio. * McLean' Is never >
happy unless be ;is trying to get something
the. people of Ohio will not let him' have.
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