Newspaper Page Text
THE JOURNAL LUCIAN SWIFT, I J. S. McLAIN, , : MANAGER. ' EDITOR. *'■ THE J O I' H X A 1. in published 'every evening', •; except Sunday, at 47-19 j Fourth Street South,, Journal Building:, Minneapolis, Minn. C. J. million, Manager Eastern Adver- ! tising. • . • • ;, ! v NEW:YORK OFFI€E— 87, 88 Tribune building. -';•,;■.,:',: I'; ■"=;■;' ■ ..CHICAGO OFFICE—3OB Stock Exchange building. SIBSCRIi»TIOX TKKHS I'njubie to The Journal Printing Co. Delivered by Mall. One copy, one month. $0.33 Oue copy, three months 1-00 One copy, six months £.00 Oue copy, one year -i.OO Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 2C pages. 1.50 Delivered by Carrier. One copy, one week 8 cents One copy, one m0nth............. 35 cents Single copy V.. ..:............. 2 cents CHANGES OK ADDRKSS ; Subscribers ordering addresses of their papers changed must always give their 1; former as well as present address. CONTINUED All papers are' continued until an ex plicit order is received for discontinuance, and until all arrearages are paid. - > COMPLAINTS , - Subscribers will please notify the office iii every cane that their paper is not delivered promptly or the collections not properly made. The Journal is on sale at the news stands of the following hotels: .' Pittsburgh, —Dv Quesne. ' - -- Salt Lake City, Utah— Knutsford. • Omaha, Set).— Paxton Hotel. Los, Angeles, Cal. —Hotel Van Nuys. San Francisco, Cal.— Palace Hotel. . Denver, Col.—Brown's Palace Hotel. St. Louis, Mo.—Planters' Hotel. Southern Hotel. . . ' ' Kansas City, Mo.—Coates House. Boston, Mass. — Young's Hotel, United Btates, Touraine. Cleveland. Ohio—Hollenden House, Weddell House. innat!, Ohio—Grand Hotel. Detroit, Mich.—Russell House, Cadillac. Washington, D. C— Arlington, Hotel, Kaleign. Chicago, Hi.—Auditorium Annex, Great Northern. .New York City—lmperial, Holland, Murray Hill. Waldorf. Spokane, Wash.—Spokane Hotel. Taooma, Wash. —Tacoma Hotel. Seattle, Wash.—Butler Hotel. Portland, Oregon—Portland Hotel, Perkins Hotel. Journal Almanac for 1901. The Journal Almanac for 1901 is on the press and will be ready for distribution in a few days. This is the only almanac which adds to the general information of the best annual publication of this kind supplementary pages con taining all kinds of information about the northwest. The Journal Almanac gives statistics about Minneapolis, Minnesota and the Dakotas, election returns in de tail, bank clearings, census re turns, party platforms of the state and nation, the members of the legislature and the officers of that body, and all information of a miscellaneous character The Jour nal Almanac has given heretofore, and much which has not hitherto been incorporated in that book. County Expenses and County Book keeping The Journal publishes another article to-day relating to county expenseE, showing this time the great disparity be tween the total of the blank book and printing account of this county and that of Ramsey county. It appears that while in 1900 Hennepin expended a little over $32,000 for print ing, Ramsey county, for the same items of expense and covering the same period, expended only a little over $14,000. Here Is an excess of $18,000 in round numbers. Of course, Hennepin county is the larger county, is more populous, and a larger expense would be justified, but Hennepin county is only 34 per cent larger than Ramsey county in the matter of popula tion, while the expense for printing is 125 per cent larger. If we go back four years, to 1897, we will find that on that ■year, and prior to that date, the expense In Hennepin county was relatively as much larger than that of Ramsey county as the population was larger than that of Ramsey. But, suddenly, in 1898, the ex cess of expenditures for blank books and printing in Hennepin over Ramsey jumped from 33.2 to 113.3 per cent, and has since been 126 per cent in 1899, and 125 per cent in 1900. As stated in the news columns, we are not disposed to criticises the prices for which the goods were furnished. We have no information at hand that more than fair rates were charged. Some of this was newspaper printing, which was done at legal rates, or less than commercial rates. The prices charged by the print ers may have been reasonable in all oases. Presumably they were. The responsibility for -this alarming increase in expendi ture on this account seems to lie with county officials. It certainly , belongs to them to explain why it is that within four years our printing account has in creased two-and-a-half time 3in this county, while in Ramsey it has increased only about 35 per cent. This is a matter to v/hich the new •county officers, including the county com missioners, will be expected to address themselves with very close attention. As ft matter of fact, the county expenses in Hennepin county are undoubtedly far be yond any reasonable limit. Some prog ress has been made in the last year toward reduction, but there is evidently, as indicated by this account, room for a great deal more economy. Perhaps the most suspicious circum stance in connection with the whole busi ness is the method of bookkeeping. In order to get at this total of expense for blank books and printing, it was neces sary to go through pajje after page of miscellaneous accounts and pick out the items. Nowhere do the books show at a glance, as they ought to, what expense the county has incurred on this account. If any one were disposed to take advan tage of the county by covering up im proper county expenses, he would prob ably adopt some sudi system of book keeping as we have in Hennepin county. This suggests a matter which may be brought before the legislature, and which might be made to advance public inter est materially, and that is legislation di- vidlng the work which now devolves upon the office of public examlner.and creating a new office, that of bank examiner, so that one officer would have supervision of banks only, and the other of public ac counts, and be in a position to check up county officers and state officers more fre quently. The trouble is now that the public examiner hasn't the clerical force necessary to cover the ground. This meas ure, if adopted, ought tQ provide, too^ for a uniform system of public bookkeep ing throughout the state, and such a .sys tem as would, make it impossible- for the public accounts of any county to get luto the condition which seems to exist In Hennepin county at this time. It is one thing to caucus and fall to nominate and another to caucus and agree upon a choice. The republicans of the state expect the latter. They also expect an open ballot. The Fairness of It Other things being equal, good polities always recognizes a fair geographical dis tribution of offices. The republican state convention would not attempt to make up the state ticket from one county or one congressional district. Excellent men could no doubt be found in one county, or in one congressional district, to fill all the offices; but that would not be good poli tics. On the contrary, a fair distribution of these offices Is important, and so we have a governor from the southern part of the state, a lieutenant governor from the western part, an attorney-general from the northwestern part, and other state officers distributed with fair regard to the claims of respective localities, and with reference to the political strength of the candidates from the different parts of the state. In the matter of the United States senatorship, however, this rule has not been regarded heretofore. Minnesota has had, since It was organized, thirteen sena tors, all but two of whom have been re- publicans—the first two. The selection of senators was started out with James Shields of Rice county, and Henry M. Rice of St. Paul, and St. Paul has had the senatorship continuously from that date to the death of Senator Davis. Senator Ramsey succeeded Senator Rice, in 1863. and continued in office until 1875, when he was succeeded by Senator McMillan of St Paul, who continued in office until 1887, when he was succeeded by Senator Davis. Other repsesentatives in the senate have been M. S. Wilkiison, of Houston county, six years; D. S. Norton of Winona, five years; William Windom of Winona, twelve years; O. P. Steams of Rochester, forty four days; A. J. Bdgerton of Dodge coun ty, seven months; D. M. Sabin of Still water, six years; W. D. Washburn of Min neapolis, six years, and Knute Nelson of Alexandria, six years. From this it appears that Hennepin couaty, the most populous in the state, al most invariably republican, has h,ad the senatorship but six out of forty-two years since the state was organized, while a St. Paul man has had a seat continuously in the upper house of congress during all that time. Nor has Ramsey county been as reliably republican as Hennepin, the vote of the city of St. Paul during the last dozen years or more having been quite as frequently given to the democrats as to the republicans. The attention of the members of the legislature is called to these facts, be cause it is believed they have a bearing upon this senatorial situation. They show how fair and reasonable is the claim of Hennepin county that having offered sena torial timber of first-class quality, and in the person of a man who is acceptable to the people of the state, we have a right to expect a decision of this senatorial con test in favor of Mr. Evans. The failure to break through the Evans line, notwithstanding repeated rushes are made from all parts of the field, promises well for the Hennepin county candidate. His supporters are displaying staying qualities that point to victory. Delayed by Faction The senate of the United States, with a republican majority, presents a de cidedly regrettable condition of factional tugging in opposite directions. The army bill, a very important measure, is ob structed by the promoters of the ship sub sidy bill, who are attempting to saddle an obligation of $9,000,000 a year for twenty years upon the federal treasury, chiefly for the benefit of the owners of a few lines of swift passenger steamers. This alleged bill for the benefit of farm ers (!) is said by its promoters to be hun gered for by the American people. Even the children and babies cry for it, ac cording to Mr. Hanna, but reflecting peo ple note that there has been an enormous increase in the shipbuilding industry without thi3 wonderful ©ill, and that no subsidy medicine of that kind is needed for the healthy subject. But, regardless of the national necessities, some senators are opposing a public measure of the greatest importance and do not seem to care whether the military necessities of the nation are attended to or not. The senate has delayed action on the interoceanic canal construction, insisting upon killing the neutrality clause of the treaty negotiated by the president and secretary of state,'and making a mess of the whole canal business. That interest ing body has practically killed the ten or twelve reciprocity treaties negotiated by Commissioner Kasson, in accordance with the recommendation of the president, and so deliberately struck a blow at the ex pansion of our trade in Spanish America and the West Indies. There is an element in the senate which prides itself upon obstructing measures introduced in accordance with the desire of the government. Members of the president's own party have been and are deliberately and factiouely opposing measures suggested by him. In the mat ter of the canal treaty, It is doubtful if the senate can legitimately modify or amend a treaty sent to it for ratification. It is held by many experts in interna tional law that the ratifying body must ratify a treaty or reject it as a whole and no power inheres to modify or amend. A treaty must be ratified or rejected in its entirety, just as in the case of nom inations of individuals to office, the sen ate rejects them frequently, but does not proceed to substitute another person. If the senate objects to a clause in a treaty it would seem the proper way to send it back to the treaty-making power for revision. However that may ba, It is certainly essential that the republican party, as represented in the senate, should be in harmony and under discipline and not ex pose' its indiscipline at a time when its vast successes are bringing to besjc TJETE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL. against It the strength of the opposition In a peculiarly vkious and malevolent way, to contest Its future supremacy. The expenditures of the nation are increas ing with the expansion of its business and territory, and the republican party has the opportunity to show its talent for true economy and to sanction expen ditures which are legitimately In keeping with the actual necessities of the nation, fo commending Itself to public favor. The party must close ranks and work fc.u' monlously. The wineroom ordinance is valid. The supreme court says it is good law. The rigid enforcement of it would certainly be good morals. The Bosschieter horror Is a product of the wineroom. Reinforcing the Gold Standard In accordance with the recommendations of the secretary of the treasury in his an nual report that it will be necessary to strengthen the gold standard law, several bills with that object in view have been presented in congress, each of which, while differing in some provisions, provides for the exchange of the gold and sliver coins of the United States at the option of the bolder. Secretary Gage said that, while the gold standard act of March 14, 1900, has wrought good results, there is lacking sufficient mandatory requirements to fur nish complete confidence in the continued \ parity, under all conditions, between our gold and silver money. The secretary rightly said in a recent discussion of the subject; that, if congress fails to make gold and silver exchangeable it implied a doubt as to whether they are at a parity, and, in times of depression, gold would be withheld and silver and sil ver certificates would be piled up in the treasury through, payments of customs dues and taxes. As a matter of fact, the law of March 14, 1900, does not give the country any new methods of redemption. It ought not to be necessary, when mak ing a contract involving the payment of money, to stipulate that gold must be paid. Under the gold standard there should be no money value but gold and by making all our silver money exchangeable in gold and gold into silver the purpose is accom plished. To effect this exchangeability one of tn* bills before congress authorizes the sec retary of the treasury to employ any part of the reserve fund of gold coin and bul lion established by the act of last year, and the money received in exchange for gold and bullion under the provisions of the act shall be held in the reserve fund , and not be paid out except for gold. Another bill authorizes the treasury to exchange gold for silver to the amount of $5 or its multiples and bonds are to be is sued when necessary for the redemption of silver money. A provision of this bill re quires the coinage of the bullion In the treasury into subsidiary coins in prefer ence to dollars. Under the proposed amendments silver and greenbacks are made promises to pay In gold, and, practi cally, not in theory, all our money will be worth its face in gold and by some such legislation the most serious defect in the gold standard law will be removed. With our enormously expanding business there should be an irrefragible foundation of the public credit. Jl New -A- novel is about to be is a** ne *U nn sued eatitled ''The Trans- StzzaCK on figuration of Miss Philura." Man. it has been written by .Florence Morse Kingsley, the author of "Titus." All Winds of love stories have been printed to show how the Man has obtained for his very own the Loved Object. And other stories tell how th« Woman has secured the Man. But in Florence's novel a new course of proced-ure is struck out that promises to work still greater havoc in the ranks of the Unattached Man. He 4s new to be assailed ••In the invisible." Here is the way Florence's heroine goes about the matter: " "I wish'—the small blunt pencil was lifted in air for the space of three minutes before it again descended; then with cheeks which burned, Miss Philura wrote the fateful words: " 'I wish to have a lover, and to be mar ried.' '• -There, I have done it,' she said to her self, her little fingers trembling with agita tion. 'He must already exist in the Encir cling Good. He is mine!—l am engaged to be married at this very moment,' " Attacked both in the realm of causes and of effects, what oan Man do? Like Davy Crock ett's coon, he might as well "come down." Sir Hiram Maxim says that years before the safety bicycle was invented he had made one for himself and ridden all over Maine on it.— Pittsburg Dispatch. Then it must have been in the baggage car. Nobody can ride a bicycle "all over Maine" any more than be can ride over a granite quarry. The roads in. Maine are designed to keep the farmer poor. There is one good thing about it. The West Point disgrace is being thoroughly aired, and the brutes, bullies and blackguards are getting their methods exposed. That in itself Is half a remedy. The inventor of the Wheeling stogy is dead. The odor of his tobacco for the last ten years has given indications of something in a simi lar condition under the floor. Let's see, wasn't It on Free Soil Kansas where they burned the negro yesterday? John Brown's soul is not marching on any more. It has quit in disgust. The appearance of Alderman Coughlin of Chicago in his canary yellow evening suit at the t'eater last w«ek nearly constituted a breach of the peace. The California papers claim that their lem ons are sourer than the Mediterranean lem- ons. But will they claim as much for their sweet oranges? A new baseball baron has come up out of Sioux City who promises a brand of game that will jufct curl up the fans with joy. 'Is Royal 'Ighness. London Lady's Pictorial. Upon one occasion his royal highness, the Duke of York, was indulging in a strictiy in cognito ride on an omnibus when the driver, having considerable difficulty with one of his horses, apostrophised it sharply with "Come up, yer royal 'ighneas' come up, will yer?" 'Why do you call him 'royal highness?" asked the duke. "Well, sir," said the driver, '•that 'orse Is so 'orty and lazy and good-for nothing I calls 'im 'his royal 'ighness;.aee!" The duke concludes the story with, "I thanked him, and asked no more questions." Hovr About the Duke? Columbus Dispatch. At last Cincinnati is getting even with Cleveland on the census victory, and is de riving great consolation from the advertising she is receiving. Between the Duke of Man chester and her fistic carnival she is making Cleveland look like 30 cents. Now, Manches ter boasts that he is handy with his "dukes," and if Cincinnati rould only induce him to r put on i±e mitts and tackle Jeffries or Ruh lin, a Spanish combat del toro would pale into 'Insignificance beside the splendor of such an attraction. The mule Market. Kansas City Star. A horse dealer on South Grand avenue has thl3 rather ambiguous sign in front of his stable: : WHEN LOOKING FOR MULES : : DOX'T FORGET US. AMUSEMENTS Foyer that. To-night Eugenia Blair and her clever com pany will givs their last performance of "A Lady of Quality" at the Metropolitan. This will be the last opportunity to ace Miss Blair is the role of ClorlwU Wildalrs, u» De.xt eea son she will produce a new play. "Sherlock Holme*," Dr. Conan" Doyle* hero of a thousand difficult problem*, th« ideal de tective, has been Incarnated lv the play made by William Gillette out ut Dr. Doyle's sto ries. It will be seen at the Metropolitan for three nights and a matinee, commencing to morrow night. The company presenting the play here was selected by Mr. Gillette and 1 carefully rthearsed by htm. The Klaw & Erianger Comedy company, with the merry Rogers Brothers as the prin cipal funruakerg, will appear at the Metropol itan for the entire week beginning next Sun day" evening, presenting John J. McNally's latest and most successful farce, "The Rog ers Brothers :n Central Park." Besides Gus and Max Rogers, Isadore Rush, Grace Free man, Louise Royce, Jeannette Bageard, Edith St. Clair, Emma Francis, Will' H. West, Lee Harrison, Arthur Gibson and Johnny Page are active factors in the development of the funmaklng. The chorus element, always a pleasing part of the Roger* Brothers' shows, is more pleadingly employed and larger in number than ia any previous skit. The sale of seats opens to-morrow morning. Plays that treat of war happenings are al ways popular with theater-goers. There Is an air of romance about military things that j finds immediate and enthusiastic favor. "The I lieart of Maryland," David Beiasco's inter | esting drama which is holding forth at the i Bijou this week, is one of the best of this type of plays. The author, a thorough stu dent of stagecraft and play construction, has Mended pathos, comedy, love and realism into a drama of Intense interest. Its produc tion at the Bijou is adequate, and not a role suffers from weak interpretation. In the role of Colonel Kendrick, Frank Connor is seen to excellent advantage, while tn the leading feminine role of Maryland Calvert, Miss Ma bel Howard Is excellently cast. "The Gunner's Mate," the naval dramn which had such a successful run last season at the Grand opera-house, New York, will be presented at the Bijou next week. Manager Augustus Pitou has given it a scenic equip ment that excels In beauty, massiveness and realism. The five scenes are masterpieces. The three scenes aboard the cruiser Xew York were received with applause every night last week as they were revealed to the big audience in Philadelphia. The deck scene of the flag ship, with its ponderous guns facing the audi ence, the flying bridges, turrets, etc., are ex act reproductions of the originals. The fore castle scene, showing the sailors' Foo-Foo baud and the jackies at recreation, is a lively picture of life between decks. The flreroom scene is the acme of realism. Nothing like it has ever been seen ou the stage before, and ths dramatic climax is of the strongest. This is one play in a thousand where the audience is kept in suspense until the curtain begins to come down. No foreign musical attraction that has vis ited this country for years has received such attention as the famous Strauss orchestra from Vienna, now on its way east from the Pacific coast, and to be heard at the Lyceum theater in this city in four grand concerts, on Sunday evening. Jan. 20, Tuesday evening. Jan. 22, Wednesday afternoon, Jan. 23, and Thursday evening, Jan. 24, under the leader ship of the sole remaining member of the famous. Strauss family of composers and di rectors. The organization occupies a unique position among the leading bands of the world, as it does not claim to be a symphony orchestra or one devoted to the classical work, but its field is nearer the heart of the general public like our own Sousa, and its renditions of waltz and other dance music, operas and popular orchestral numbers of a brilliant, catchy and da\nty nature, cannot be surpassed. CHINESE ODDITIES Describing "Some Chinese Oddities" in the January Cosmopolitan, Rev. Francis E. Clark, D. D., says there is room for improvement in Chinese roads and streets and vehicles. In Shanghai, instead of electric cars, the wheel barrow propelled by coolies is the favorite mode of transportation. This primitive ve hicle emits a-piteous squeak, hard on the western nerves, but a coolie will trundle a barrow with Bix persons in it along the streets in the most patient manner. The roads in Peking Dr. Clarke found to have holes a foot deep and in every respect execrable. They are no better in the city than in the country. There is a stone road from Tung-Chow to Peking, but half the granite blocks have been stolen by the na tives for their own uses. The Chinese cart is built to stand the horrible condition of the roads. It is springless and solid. Set upon a stout and unbreakable axletree, with wheels huge, thick and studded with spikes, this cart plunges without impairment over the wretched roadways. The Chinese mind has not yet "caught on" to the western ve hicular idea _and good road clubs are not known. The Chinaman, if stingy in other directions, is lavish in the expediture of money for a funeral. Dr. Clarke tells of a Chinaman who spent $150,000 on the funeral of his mother. He, like other Chinamen, believed that his hap piness hereafter depends largely on the amount of cash expended upon the funeral of a parent. They often leave a coffin exposed by the roadside for years or until a necro mancer reveals the propitious hour and place to bury the dead. A funeral has the right of way and all business must be suspended until the funeral car passes by. The Peking beggars amass much wealth. The emperor used to be carried by his coolies across an old wooden bridge which was in fested with beggars. On one occasion the em peror stopped his chair and ordered his attendants to seize and strip all the beggars within reach. This was done and each beg gar was given a new suit of clothes. Upon searching their old clothes enough money was found to pay for the erection of the finest bridge in Peking. CARLYLE DKMK!) "THE CONSENT OF THE GOVERXEIV Then there arose one of democracy's most trenchant foes—Carlyle; the first who dared frankly to impeach the new ruler, to ques tion his decrees, says Elizabeth Bisland, in the January Atlantic. Through all his voclf crousness; through all his droning tautology, his buzzing, banking, and butting among phrases, like an angry cockchafer; through the general egregiousness of his intolerable style, there rang out clear once again the paean of the strong. Here was no talk of the rights of man. His right, as of old, was to do his duty and walk in the fear of the Lord. •'A king or leader In all bodies of men there must be," he says. "Be their work what it may, there is one man here who, by character, faculty and position is fittest of all to do it." For the aggregate wisdom of the multitude, to which democracy pinned its faith, he had only scorn. "To find a parliament more and more the expression of the people could, unless the people chanced to be wise, give no satis faction. * • • But to find some 3ort of king made in the image of God who could a little achieve for the people, if not their spoken wishes, yet their dumb wants, and what they would at last find to be their instinctive will—which is a far different matter usually In this babbling world of ours," that was the thing to be desired—"He who is to be my ruler, whose will is higher than my will, was chosen for me by heaven. Neither exempt in obedience to the heaven-chosen 1s freedom so much as conceivable." Uphold the Law. Nashville Banner. When the people of any country or com munity can be induced to uphold the law against mob violence, tbe otflrers will be better and braver and more resolute and mobs will not be so easily formed to punish crim inals who should be punished by the law. Jnat to Avoid 111 Feeling. Detroit Free Press. Germany has protested against Turkey's paying the United States claim before Herr Krupp's bill is paid. Kather than cause any hard feeling, the Sultan probably won't pay either of them. He Ha* Had Trouble. " ■Howard (S. D.); : Spirit. ..,''■ -.. •; "Oh! That mine enemy would bay a corn, shredder," is the latest, of putting: It. j&v WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 16, 190 T. New York Daily Letter. ' BUREAU" OF THE JOURNAL, No. 21 Park Row. <;rnfn Trnile of Xew t'nrk. Jau. 16.—Persons interested lv New York* commercial'supremacy are disturbed by the f«et that statistics prepared for the year just closed show that there has been a falling off la the grain trade of this port. Then, too, an a feature of this decrease, it appears that the earifcis have greatly suffered, for propor tionately the canals have had to stand a far greater amount of the decrease than have the railroads, louring the canal year, from May I to the close of navigation lv December, the receipts of wheat by rail at this point were -1,017,980 busshels, and by canal 3,525,800. When these figures are compared with those or 1899, which showed rail receipts in wheat of 23,124,175, and canal receipts of 6,753,500, the extent of this drop in the canal trade cau be appreciated. The crop second In impor tance only to wheat is corn, and the receipts of corn during the year prove to be larger ihau the year before, although this increase by no means offsets the decrease in all the other crops. The statistics show that there is a diversion of the grain trade from this port. Commercial men attribute this vari ously to the decline of the canals, differential rates allowed by railroads terminating else where and the advance in rail rates from Buffalo made late in the season. Taken as a whole, the men interested in New York com merce after considering the crop returns do not figure out any material loss for New York except ia oats. The great falling off in the receipts of oats they cannot explain on any ground. A Biff Dredge. That latest monster to invade New York harbor, the hydrauilc dredge Thomas, is now actively at work cutting out a new channel fifty feet deep for the improvement of the harbor. As the Thomas is the largest dredge ever constructed and is the first sea-going dredge ever built in the United States, engi neers generally are much Interested in the work that it is doing. Propelled by twin screws and triple expansion engines, her speed when loaded is about eight knots, while for the purpose of collecting mud and sand from the bottom of the harbor there !s a hinged suction pipe raised and lowered by steel cables. This pipe is four and a halt feet in diameter, and is so adjusted as \o permit.its lower end to be dropped to any desired depth. Through it sand is sucked ,up from the harbor bottom by means of a power ful centrifugal pump. The sand and silt is then dumped into a set of twelve hoppers which are reached by a network of pipes. These hoppers extend vertically from the main deck to the bottom of the vessel, be ing supplied with a discharge valve opening through the floor. The sand and mud sinks to the bottom of the hoppers and surplus water flows out through discharge ports in the side of the vessel. When loaded the ves sel puts to sea and the refuse Is dumped out of the hoppsrs into the sea. As all of the twelve tanks are opened at the same time, only a few minutes are required in discharg ing the 28,000 cubic feet of material that can be carried in the dredge. The Strangle Hold. When Ernest Roeber and Paul Pons come together on the 6th of February in the Mad ison Square Garden, to wrestle for the cham pionship, the dangerous and much dreaded strangle hold will be permitted. This will be the. first time \n many years that the strangle hold has been allowed at any con test in this city. The wrestlers fear this grip above all others, and their fear is only too well founded. When the wrestler grips his opponent in this way, he forces his op ponent's head under his arm while his arm is gripped under the throat of his antagonist so that the forearm presses directly against the throat. With this leverage he holds his opponent's body tight, the back of his head under his shoulder blade, and is able to ex ert a force sufficient to strangle his antago nist in a very short time. The opponent must either give up the fall or die, and the great danger lies in the fact that oftimes the strangled wrestler is in such a position that his shoulders cannot touch the ground, nor can he make a sign to his adversary that he admits the defeat. It is now provided that in such a case the referee can break the hold and give the fall to the man who obtained it. Evan Lewis was the first man to introduce this trick to the wrestling world. He learned it in the lumber camps of Michigan, where he once worked. Afterwards he became a professional wrestler and used the strangle hold with such effect that he made a world wide reputation, being nicknamed "the Strangler." It looks as though in the com ing match either the Frenchman, Pons, or Roeber will get his neck twisted. A Little Side Drain. New Yorkers are finding that the cost of the new rapid transit Bystem now in course of construction is not confined to the $35, --000,000 awarded in the contract for the work. There is a rapid transit commission in ex istence whtoh must look after the construc tion and the expenditure of the money, and this rapid transit commission must be pro vided for by additional funds. It has been running now for some years and will run for many more, so it is interesting to note that the rapid transit commission at a meet- Ing just held announced that it would re quire $375,000 to carry on the work of the board for the current year. This, the com mission explains, Is a reasonable sum, inas much as $15,000,000 will be spent in the work during the year, and the expenses of the board will thus be less than 3 per cent of the total expenditures. This sum requested by the board will have to be granted by the city, and out of it will be paid all the office and salary expenses besides the expenses of four corps of engineers and the salaries of a chief engineer and his superintendent. Necessarily because of the magnitude of the work the best possible engineering talent must be had, and each of the corps must be as complete as the entire corps needed for the laying of a great surface railroad. However, it may be said that in the matter of expenditures the rapid transit commission has let the city down light if it keeps within the sum stated. Similar expenses for the Boston subway and for the New York aqueduct amount to no less than 10 per cent of the total cost, while the rapid transit commission declares that with not more than 8 per cent of the total cost, and possibly less, it will be able to su pervise the construction of the greatest en gineering work ever attempted in the world. A Possible Battle of Giants. Now that the Carnegie company has start ed in to make war on the National Tube com pany through big additions to the Carnegie plant for the manufacture of steel tubing, it looks as though there was to be a battle of giants in the near future. Undoubtedly the move means that the ironmaster is to com bat with J. Pierpont Morgan, the railroad king. Mr. Morgan was the financier who effected the combination of the tube busi ness, merging it into the National Tube com pany, and even though it is currently re ported that his interest in the tube company is not nearly as great as was once the case, still he figure* in the new move in other ways and cannot afford to allow the Carnegie company to go ahead with the building of a $12,000,000 tube plant on Lake Erie without making a hard fight. It is to be Carnegie steel plant against Morgan gold. It is be lieved in Wall street that one of the partic ular objects of the Carnegie company for go ing into the tube trade is a reprisal on Mr. Morgan for the way his railroads have treat ed the Oarnegie interests on the matter of freight rate 3. I£ it is proved to be a fact that Mr. Carnegie is making a war on freight rates, the public may look for the steel king to extend his campaign and fight it out with Morgan in the coal field, or even in the rail road lines. Such a combat would startle the country, as each side has in excess of $100,- OOn.OOO at his disposal for fighting purposes. Mr. Carnegie has been fighting the railroads for years, and it is now believed that he has taken matters in his own hands and will force the companies to meet his demands. \ice Pop Saffirestton. Sioux Falls Press (Pop.). Instead of exacting a cash indemnity from China, the United States might force Li Hung Chang and Prince Chtng to accept the Philip pines. Wise Through Bxperlenoe. Philadelphia Bulletin. In considering the final diplomatic Chinese round-up it is juat as well to remember that Uncle LI rlung Chang may show the crude westerners an interesting trick or two. The yellow-jacketed gentleman has had experi ence ia these little affairs before. Old Jim's Christmas Hymn BY E. J. PARK. Copyrighted, 1900, by Author's Syndicate. It seemed to the man making his way wearily and alone through the businew center of the town that the Christmas things in the brightly-lighted windows of the stores had been put there to mock him. He was thinly clad, he was hungry and was conscious that he was getting weak, for the cold seemed to pierce to the very marrow of his boues and struck sickeningly to his famished stomach. He knew that he was being punished for the weakness which had led him, a good mechanic, to lose position after position because in the competition of these daya manufacturers have little use for men who get drunk on pay days and neglect their work, and he had no complaint to make of the cold and the hunger which was upon him, although he had neither overcoat to protect him against the one nor food to forti fy him against the other. Drink had dulled his sensibilities to the extent that he would have cared very little for his unfortunate condition if he had been, the only sufferer, but it had not blinded his mind nor steeled his heart to the sufferings which his own wrongdoing had brought his innocent young wife and his helpless little girls. The man could not keep his mind off of them, and especially off of the little girls as he trudged on, turning his face from the store windows filled with toys and Christ mas gifts of all kinds, for he knew that in the pitiful remnant of a home he had left the little family far away his own children were talking with animation and yet without hope of the coming holiday, the dearest and greatest of all the year to chil dren the Christian world over. Probably his little girls were hungry, he thought, for he had been tramping, look ing for work for many weeks, and not finding it and becoming more and more dis couraged, he had not writtten home. And now the wife and little ones were not only unprovided for, but they knew not where he was, and Christmas was only a week away. Maddening as these reflections were, the man became conscious, finally, as he trudged aimlessly on, that the evening was getting well advanced, and that he was becoming more numbed with the cold and weaker from hunger. He fumbled in his shabby clothes to make sure that the ten cents he had begged, he, a mechanic as skillful as any in the land, a beggar, had not been lost, and he found it. He felt ashamed when he fingered the coin, but it meant a drink, and if he chose his salooa Judiciously, it meant a plate of free soup, and free soup to him meant food and strength, and then there would be a stove with plenty of heat, and he could get rid of the awful coldness which seemed to have gone clear through him. He was in the outskirts of the town now, and he found the sort of saloon he had pictured to himself. There was a crowd of men there, drinking, smoking and talking, but through the smoke of the dingy place, seeming.beautiful to him because it was warm and out of the cutting wind, he kept seeing in his mind a poor little home with an unhappy but faithful woman comforting two small girls, and the soup which h© had been given with his glass of beer choked him as he swallowed it. He had car ried his dish to the rear of the saloon, and he thought it well that he had done so, for there the other men could not see the bitter tears that rolled from his eyes. The man was so engrossed in his houghts that he paid little attention to those about him, until suddenly his attention was attracted by a song that one of the half drunken patrons of the place was singing. It came to him at first merely as an echo of somehing pleasant, for the voice was that of one who had once been a good singer. There was something familiar about the air, too, something which carried the tramp back to his childhood days in his native village, and conjured up a picture of the church where he had sat with his old mother, now happily long gone to her rest, for the air of the song was "The Rock of Ages." So the man listened, holding his empty soup dish on his knees, and he heard in the song the story of a singer in a village church who had gone the way that the tramp had traveled, and after many years had returned again to his village, a tramp, like him, and had been taken to the church to sing again on Christmas morn. The song told how the villagers had gazed in wonder at the roughly-clad man who stood at the railing of the choir where Jim had stood in other years, and of the song ha sang. •. . .-- • • . Jim's song, the song of other days, was ''The Rock of Ages," and the half-drunken, man in the saloon rolled out this chorus in perfect time: Now Christmas days will come and go, And so will Christmas hymns— But never will there be a song To equal that of Jim's — Rock of Ages, cleft for me, Let me hide myself in Thee." The voice of the singer was silent, and the man who heard him, bringing up the saddening memories of the other days, gulped down a great hard lump in his throat and passed out into the darkness of the bitterly cold night and turned his steps out a street which led into the country lying write and still beyond the town. He was scarcely conscious now of the cold and biting wind, for his thoughts of his own miserable condition, the misery he had brought to others and the hopeless ness of the future for such as he, rendered him insensible to his own physical suf ferings. If he could only atone for the past by one great sacrifice, he thought, how gladly would he do it. How could he, who had been so weak and sinned so much, make atonement for hl3 wife and children? Was it possible that he could make any sacrifice? Ah! A thought had come to him. Dissolute and weak as he had been, he remembered that he had paid the premiums on an insurance policy on his life and that It would be in force until the dawn of the new year. Why not, he asked himself, lie down in the stillness of the night beside the country road and die. that the failthful wife and the helpless, trusting little girls at home might be benefited? He reflected with bitter ness of soul that he was a hindrance and would be a burden to them if he lived, while his death meant for them warmth, food and comforts, and that there would be presents to them from Santa Claus, so long anticipated and so rarely seen, and he decided on the sacrifice. Where he should die he did not know, but he stumbled on and on out into the country now lying, late at night, white and still, and as he tottered on the words of the song of "Old Jim's Christmas Hymn" kept creeping through hi 3 mind. He was staggering now, and as he dragged one foot after the other very slowly until in the middle of the cross roads, standing like a cross of marble, he fell against a white sign board, and there he stopped. The cold had reached his poor, tired brain now, but through it was slowly running the hymn that he had heard in the dingy saloon so many miles back, and the man sank down at the foot of what seemed to him to be a real cross, content that at last he had found the end of his journey. Lying on the stones which made the foundation of the signboard in the form of the cross the man passed one arm about the upright of it, turned his face upwards and smiled. It seemed to be growing warmer and he felt that he was resting and going to sleep as he dreamily repeated to himself: "Christmas days will come and go, And so will Christinas hymns— But never will there be a song To equal that of Jims — Rock of Ages, cleft for me Let me hide myself in Thee." One Factor in Our Trade Supremacy To the Editor of The Journal: American trade supremacy is Just now a topic of newspaper discussion in Europe. A recent number of a London paper, the Ex press, published an article with the startling headline, "Wake Up, England," the purpose of which was to rouse interest in the ques tion, Is England losing commercial posi tion? * Another London paper, in searching for the cause of England's lack of ability to com pete, after citing as an illustration the fact that in one shipyard alone there was last year an injury to its output of 25 per cent from drinking men, said: "If we are not able to produce better, faster and cheaper than other countries, our sober rivals will come and capture our trade." The same paper quotes the British Medical Journal as authority for the fact that Great Britain's per capita consumption of alcohol is nearly twice that of the United States. In 1870, France, smarting under the defeat of the Franco-Prussian war and looking around to find the cause, said: "It is the Ger man schoolmaster. Ihe Germans are better soldiers because they are more intelligent. We must have public schools." Again it is the schoolmaster. Sixteen years ago, in obedience to laws enacted by congress and state legislatures, the public schools in this country began to teach all pupils that one of the effects of alcoholic drinks is so to injure the brain and muscles that the drinker cannot do as good work as the ab stainer. Soon after, banks, railroads, manu factories and responsjble business of almost all kinds in the United States began to de mand that their employes should be total abstainers. The effect of this upon the indus trial ability of our nation is manifest. England has no such system of compulsory temperance education in its public schools as we have, an education that is teaching the people in thi3 country the relation of total abstinence to the success that means suprem acy. This industrial supremacy Is the more significant because of the fact that labor re ceives here a larger wage than In the old world. All the advantage due to our great natural resources and to our extended domain i under only one and that the freest govern ment of the world would not give us commer ! clal or any other supremacy, if our Industries were losing 25 per cent per annum of their ■ output because of drinking workmen. Among the causes that go to make up a nation's strength the most potent are often the quiet ones of education, seldom recog nized until they reappear in the acts that make history. Total abstinence and the edu cation that secures it Is a part of that godli ness that is profitable not only for the life that now is but for that which is to come. —Mary H. Hunt. The De Wet of Polities. New York Evening Sun. Mr. Matthew Stanley Quay is in politics what General De Wet is in war. His ene mies can never be sure that they have him beaten. And when he Is beaten he refuses to stay so. Pity Poor W«lll« Waldor«l New York Journal. Mr. William Waldorf Astor didn't get a baronetcy on New Year's 'Day, or even a knighthood. When you are pitying yourself for your own paltry sorrows, think of that. "FAREWELL' AMD GREETING What 3hall we say to the Dying /Year? Beg him to linger, or bid him go? ' The light in his eyes burns. dim and low. His fingers are clammy, his pulse beats slow, j He wanders and mumbles, but doth not hear. The lanes are sodden, the leaf-drifts sear. And the wrack is weaving thc-ir shroud of white, Do you not see he is weary quite Of the languor of living and longs for night? Vex him no more, but lay him down In the snug: warm earth, neath the clods of brown And the buds of the winier aconite. What shall we "do with the bygone Year? Cover with cypress, or crown -with bay? He will not know what you sing or say. Ho is deaf to to-morrow as yesterday. To him are all one the smile or tear; He is risen, or fallen, he is not here. We can go en our way. we may Hv» anfl laugh. Round the banquet of life may feast and quaff. The purple catafalque, pompous star. The deepest dirges, the noblest lay?, And the mightiest monutnen-t man can rauia. Are only the Spirits' cenotaph. Dust under dust, he is dead, but He Was the last of the centuried years that flow, We know not whither, we never shall know, With the tide unreturning of Time, and gt> To the phantom shore of Eternity. Shadows to Shadows, they flit and tlee Away from the face of the flaring sun. Vague generations, seen by none, That never are ended, never begun. Where is the dome of the vault so vast As. to prison the shades of the perished Past« Save the limitless tomb'of Oblivion? Let the dead consort with the dead, and aslc How we shall greet the new-born year. She is coming, is coming, and lo! is here. With forehead and footstep that know not fear. She will shrink from no pleasure, will shirk no task, But there never was mocking vfil or mask Like her fair frank face and her candid • soul. • ' Do you fathom her thoughts, can you guess her goal. Her waywardness curb or her fate oonfrbl? She will go her way, and that way not ours. So greet her with song and snow wojes flowers. And crown her with Hope's own aureole. Yet mind her dawn of the dark, for She. Sho too must pass through the lyehg-ate porch, And give to her kpeping tho sacred Torch, That oft may flicker, and sometimes scorch, Bui brightens and burns eternally Ttfc beacon on land, and the light on sea. Let the mist be ever so deep and dense, The .Soul's own lamp through the shades of sense. To show us Whither, remind us Whence. She must tread the Unknown the dead years trod; If trackless and rugged, the goal is God,' And the! will of all-wise Omnipotence. —Alfred Austin, Poet Laureate. Ashiord, Kent, England.