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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, January 16, 1901, Image 4

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THE JOURNAL
LUCIAN SWIFT, I J. S. McLAIN,
, : MANAGER. ' EDITOR.
*'■ THE J O I' H X A 1. in published
'every evening', •; except Sunday, at
47-19 j Fourth Street South,, Journal
Building:, Minneapolis, Minn.
C. J. million, Manager Eastern Adver- !
tising. • . • • ;, !
v NEW:YORK OFFI€E— 87, 88 Tribune
building. -';•,;■.,:',: I'; ■"=;■;'
■ ..CHICAGO OFFICE—3OB Stock Exchange
building.
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is not delivered promptly or the
collections not properly made.
The Journal is on sale at the news
stands of the following hotels: .'
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• Omaha, Set).— Paxton Hotel.
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San Francisco, Cal.— Palace Hotel. .
Denver, Col.—Brown's Palace Hotel.
St. Louis, Mo.—Planters' Hotel. Southern
Hotel. . . ' '
Kansas City, Mo.—Coates House.
Boston, Mass. — Young's Hotel, United
Btates, Touraine.
Cleveland. Ohio—Hollenden House, Weddell
House.
innat!, Ohio—Grand Hotel.
Detroit, Mich.—Russell House, Cadillac.
Washington, D. C— Arlington, Hotel,
Kaleign.
Chicago, Hi.—Auditorium Annex, Great
Northern.
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Hill. Waldorf.
Spokane, Wash.—Spokane Hotel.
Taooma, Wash. —Tacoma Hotel.
Seattle, Wash.—Butler Hotel.
Portland, Oregon—Portland Hotel, Perkins
Hotel.
Journal Almanac
for 1901.
The Journal Almanac for 1901
is on the press and will be ready
for distribution in a few days.
This is the only almanac which
adds to the general information of
the best annual publication of this
kind supplementary pages con
taining all kinds of information
about the northwest. The Journal
Almanac gives statistics about
Minneapolis, Minnesota and the
Dakotas, election returns in de
tail, bank clearings, census re
turns, party platforms of the state
and nation, the members of the
legislature and the officers of that
body, and all information of a
miscellaneous character The Jour
nal Almanac has given heretofore,
and much which has not hitherto
been incorporated in that book.
County Expenses and County Book
keeping
The Journal publishes another
article to-day relating to county expenseE,
showing this time the great disparity be
tween the total of the blank book and
printing account of this county and that
of Ramsey county.
It appears that while in 1900 Hennepin
expended a little over $32,000 for print
ing, Ramsey county, for the same items
of expense and covering the same period,
expended only a little over $14,000. Here
Is an excess of $18,000 in round numbers.
Of course, Hennepin county is the larger
county, is more populous, and a larger
expense would be justified, but Hennepin
county is only 34 per cent larger than
Ramsey county in the matter of popula
tion, while the expense for printing is
125 per cent larger. If we go back four
years, to 1897, we will find that on that
■year, and prior to that date, the expense
In Hennepin county was relatively as
much larger than that of Ramsey county
as the population was larger than that of
Ramsey. But, suddenly, in 1898, the ex
cess of expenditures for blank books and
printing in Hennepin over Ramsey jumped
from 33.2 to 113.3 per cent, and has since
been 126 per cent in 1899, and 125 per
cent in 1900.
As stated in the news columns, we are
not disposed to criticises the prices for
which the goods were furnished. We have
no information at hand that more than
fair rates were charged. Some of this
was newspaper printing, which was done
at legal rates, or less than commercial
rates. The prices charged by the print
ers may have been reasonable in all oases.
Presumably they were. The responsibility
for -this alarming increase in expendi
ture on this account seems to lie with
county officials. It certainly , belongs to
them to explain why it is that within
four years our printing account has in
creased two-and-a-half time 3in this
county, while in Ramsey it has increased
only about 35 per cent.
This is a matter to v/hich the new
•county officers, including the county com
missioners, will be expected to address
themselves with very close attention. As
ft matter of fact, the county expenses in
Hennepin county are undoubtedly far be
yond any reasonable limit. Some prog
ress has been made in the last year
toward reduction, but there is evidently,
as indicated by this account, room for a
great deal more economy.
Perhaps the most suspicious circum
stance in connection with the whole busi
ness is the method of bookkeeping. In
order to get at this total of expense for
blank books and printing, it was neces
sary to go through pajje after page of
miscellaneous accounts and pick out the
items. Nowhere do the books show at a
glance, as they ought to, what expense
the county has incurred on this account.
If any one were disposed to take advan
tage of the county by covering up im
proper county expenses, he would prob
ably adopt some sudi system of book
keeping as we have in Hennepin county.
This suggests a matter which may be
brought before the legislature, and which
might be made to advance public inter
est materially, and that is legislation di-
vidlng the work which now devolves upon
the office of public examlner.and creating a
new office, that of bank examiner, so that
one officer would have supervision of
banks only, and the other of public ac
counts, and be in a position to check up
county officers and state officers more fre
quently. The trouble is now that the
public examiner hasn't the clerical force
necessary to cover the ground. This meas
ure, if adopted, ought tQ provide, too^
for a uniform system of public bookkeep
ing throughout the state, and such a .sys
tem as would, make it impossible- for the
public accounts of any county to get luto
the condition which seems to exist In
Hennepin county at this time.
It is one thing to caucus and fall to
nominate and another to caucus and agree
upon a choice. The republicans of the
state expect the latter. They also expect
an open ballot.
The Fairness of It
Other things being equal, good polities
always recognizes a fair geographical dis
tribution of offices. The republican state
convention would not attempt to make up
the state ticket from one county or one
congressional district. Excellent men
could no doubt be found in one county, or
in one congressional district, to fill all the
offices; but that would not be good poli
tics. On the contrary, a fair distribution
of these offices Is important, and so we
have a governor from the southern part
of the state, a lieutenant governor from
the western part, an attorney-general
from the northwestern part, and other
state officers distributed with fair regard
to the claims of respective localities, and
with reference to the political strength of
the candidates from the different parts of
the state.
In the matter of the United States
senatorship, however, this rule has not
been regarded heretofore. Minnesota has
had, since It was organized, thirteen sena
tors, all but two of whom have been re-
publicans—the first two. The selection of
senators was started out with James
Shields of Rice county, and Henry M.
Rice of St. Paul, and St. Paul has had the
senatorship continuously from that date
to the death of Senator Davis. Senator
Ramsey succeeded Senator Rice, in 1863.
and continued in office until 1875, when he
was succeeded by Senator McMillan of St
Paul, who continued in office until 1887,
when he was succeeded by Senator Davis.
Other repsesentatives in the senate have
been M. S. Wilkiison, of Houston county,
six years; D. S. Norton of Winona, five
years; William Windom of Winona, twelve
years; O. P. Steams of Rochester, forty
four days; A. J. Bdgerton of Dodge coun
ty, seven months; D. M. Sabin of Still
water, six years; W. D. Washburn of Min
neapolis, six years, and Knute Nelson of
Alexandria, six years.
From this it appears that Hennepin
couaty, the most populous in the state, al
most invariably republican, has h,ad the
senatorship but six out of forty-two years
since the state was organized, while a St.
Paul man has had a seat continuously in
the upper house of congress during all
that time. Nor has Ramsey county been
as reliably republican as Hennepin, the
vote of the city of St. Paul during the
last dozen years or more having been
quite as frequently given to the democrats
as to the republicans.
The attention of the members of the
legislature is called to these facts, be
cause it is believed they have a bearing
upon this senatorial situation. They show
how fair and reasonable is the claim of
Hennepin county that having offered sena
torial timber of first-class quality, and
in the person of a man who is acceptable
to the people of the state, we have a right
to expect a decision of this senatorial con
test in favor of Mr. Evans.
The failure to break through the Evans
line, notwithstanding repeated rushes are
made from all parts of the field, promises
well for the Hennepin county candidate.
His supporters are displaying staying
qualities that point to victory.
Delayed by Faction
The senate of the United States, with
a republican majority, presents a de
cidedly regrettable condition of factional
tugging in opposite directions. The army
bill, a very important measure, is ob
structed by the promoters of the ship sub
sidy bill, who are attempting to saddle
an obligation of $9,000,000 a year for
twenty years upon the federal treasury,
chiefly for the benefit of the owners of a
few lines of swift passenger steamers.
This alleged bill for the benefit of farm
ers (!) is said by its promoters to be hun
gered for by the American people. Even
the children and babies cry for it, ac
cording to Mr. Hanna, but reflecting peo
ple note that there has been an enormous
increase in the shipbuilding industry
without thi3 wonderful ©ill, and that no
subsidy medicine of that kind is needed
for the healthy subject. But, regardless
of the national necessities, some senators
are opposing a public measure of the
greatest importance and do not seem to
care whether the military necessities of
the nation are attended to or not.
The senate has delayed action on the
interoceanic canal construction, insisting
upon killing the neutrality clause of the
treaty negotiated by the president and
secretary of state,'and making a mess of
the whole canal business. That interest
ing body has practically killed the ten or
twelve reciprocity treaties negotiated by
Commissioner Kasson, in accordance with
the recommendation of the president, and
so deliberately struck a blow at the ex
pansion of our trade in Spanish America
and the West Indies.
There is an element in the senate which
prides itself upon obstructing measures
introduced in accordance with the desire
of the government. Members of the
president's own party have been and are
deliberately and factiouely opposing
measures suggested by him. In the mat
ter of the canal treaty, It is doubtful if
the senate can legitimately modify or
amend a treaty sent to it for ratification.
It is held by many experts in interna
tional law that the ratifying body must
ratify a treaty or reject it as a whole
and no power inheres to modify or amend.
A treaty must be ratified or rejected in
its entirety, just as in the case of nom
inations of individuals to office, the sen
ate rejects them frequently, but does
not proceed to substitute another person.
If the senate objects to a clause in a
treaty it would seem the proper way to
send it back to the treaty-making power
for revision.
However that may ba, It is certainly
essential that the republican party, as
represented in the senate, should be in
harmony and under discipline and not ex
pose' its indiscipline at a time when its
vast successes are bringing to besjc
TJETE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
against It the strength of the opposition
In a peculiarly vkious and malevolent
way, to contest Its future supremacy. The
expenditures of the nation are increas
ing with the expansion of its business
and territory, and the republican party
has the opportunity to show its talent
for true economy and to sanction expen
ditures which are legitimately In keeping
with the actual necessities of the nation,
fo commending Itself to public favor. The
party must close ranks and work fc.u'
monlously.
The wineroom ordinance is valid. The
supreme court says it is good law. The
rigid enforcement of it would certainly be
good morals. The Bosschieter horror Is
a product of the wineroom.
Reinforcing the Gold Standard
In accordance with the recommendations
of the secretary of the treasury in his an
nual report that it will be necessary to
strengthen the gold standard law, several
bills with that object in view have been
presented in congress, each of which, while
differing in some provisions, provides for
the exchange of the gold and sliver coins
of the United States at the option of the
bolder. Secretary Gage said that, while
the gold standard act of March 14, 1900,
has wrought good results, there is lacking
sufficient mandatory requirements to fur
nish complete confidence in the continued \
parity, under all conditions, between our
gold and silver money.
The secretary rightly said in a recent
discussion of the subject; that, if congress
fails to make gold and silver exchangeable
it implied a doubt as to whether they are
at a parity, and, in times of depression,
gold would be withheld and silver and sil
ver certificates would be piled up in the
treasury through, payments of customs
dues and taxes. As a matter of fact, the
law of March 14, 1900, does not give the
country any new methods of redemption.
It ought not to be necessary, when mak
ing a contract involving the payment of
money, to stipulate that gold must be paid.
Under the gold standard there should be
no money value but gold and by making
all our silver money exchangeable in gold
and gold into silver the purpose is accom
plished.
To effect this exchangeability one of tn*
bills before congress authorizes the sec
retary of the treasury to employ any part
of the reserve fund of gold coin and bul
lion established by the act of last year,
and the money received in exchange for
gold and bullion under the provisions of
the act shall be held in the reserve fund
, and not be paid out except for gold.
Another bill authorizes the treasury to
exchange gold for silver to the amount of
$5 or its multiples and bonds are to be is
sued when necessary for the redemption of
silver money. A provision of this bill re
quires the coinage of the bullion In the
treasury into subsidiary coins in prefer
ence to dollars. Under the proposed
amendments silver and greenbacks are
made promises to pay In gold, and, practi
cally, not in theory, all our money will be
worth its face in gold and by some such
legislation the most serious defect in the
gold standard law will be removed. With
our enormously expanding business there
should be an irrefragible foundation of the
public credit.
Jl New -A- novel is about to be is
a** ne *U nn sued eatitled ''The Trans-
StzzaCK on figuration of Miss Philura."
Man. it has been written by
.Florence Morse Kingsley, the author of
"Titus." All Winds of love stories have been
printed to show how the Man has obtained for
his very own the Loved Object. And other
stories tell how th« Woman has secured the
Man. But in Florence's novel a new course
of proced-ure is struck out that promises to
work still greater havoc in the ranks of the
Unattached Man. He 4s new to be assailed
••In the invisible." Here is the way Florence's
heroine goes about the matter:
" "I wish'—the small blunt pencil was lifted
in air for the space of three minutes before it
again descended; then with cheeks which
burned, Miss Philura wrote the fateful words:
" 'I wish to have a lover, and to be mar
ried.'
'• -There, I have done it,' she said to her
self, her little fingers trembling with agita
tion. 'He must already exist in the Encir
cling Good. He is mine!—l am engaged to be
married at this very moment,' "
Attacked both in the realm of causes and of
effects, what oan Man do? Like Davy Crock
ett's coon, he might as well "come down."
Sir Hiram Maxim says that years before the
safety bicycle was invented he had made one
for himself and ridden all over Maine on it.—
Pittsburg Dispatch.
Then it must have been in the baggage car.
Nobody can ride a bicycle "all over Maine"
any more than be can ride over a granite
quarry. The roads in. Maine are designed to
keep the farmer poor.
There is one good thing about it. The West
Point disgrace is being thoroughly aired,
and the brutes, bullies and blackguards are
getting their methods exposed. That in itself
Is half a remedy.
The inventor of the Wheeling stogy is dead.
The odor of his tobacco for the last ten years
has given indications of something in a simi
lar condition under the floor.
Let's see, wasn't It on Free Soil Kansas
where they burned the negro yesterday? John
Brown's soul is not marching on any more.
It has quit in disgust.
The appearance of Alderman Coughlin of
Chicago in his canary yellow evening suit at
the t'eater last w«ek nearly constituted a
breach of the peace.
The California papers claim that their lem
ons are sourer than the Mediterranean lem-
ons. But will they claim as much for their
sweet oranges?
A new baseball baron has come up out of
Sioux City who promises a brand of game
that will jufct curl up the fans with joy.
'Is Royal 'Ighness.
London Lady's Pictorial.
Upon one occasion his royal highness, the
Duke of York, was indulging in a strictiy in
cognito ride on an omnibus when the driver,
having considerable difficulty with one of his
horses, apostrophised it sharply with "Come
up, yer royal 'ighneas' come up, will yer?"
'Why do you call him 'royal highness?"
asked the duke. "Well, sir," said the driver,
'•that 'orse Is so 'orty and lazy and good-for
nothing I calls 'im 'his royal 'ighness;.aee!"
The duke concludes the story with, "I
thanked him, and asked no more questions."
Hovr About the Duke?
Columbus Dispatch.
At last Cincinnati is getting even with
Cleveland on the census victory, and is de
riving great consolation from the advertising
she is receiving. Between the Duke of Man
chester and her fistic carnival she is making
Cleveland look like 30 cents. Now, Manches
ter boasts that he is handy with his "dukes,"
and if Cincinnati rould only induce him to
r put on i±e mitts and tackle Jeffries or Ruh
lin, a Spanish combat del toro would pale
into 'Insignificance beside the splendor of
such an attraction.
The mule Market.
Kansas City Star.
A horse dealer on South Grand avenue has
thl3 rather ambiguous sign in front of his
stable:
: WHEN LOOKING FOR MULES :
: DOX'T FORGET US.
AMUSEMENTS
Foyer that.
To-night Eugenia Blair and her clever com
pany will givs their last performance of "A
Lady of Quality" at the Metropolitan. This
will be the last opportunity to ace Miss Blair
is the role of ClorlwU Wildalrs, u» De.xt eea
son she will produce a new play.
"Sherlock Holme*," Dr. Conan" Doyle* hero
of a thousand difficult problem*, th« ideal de
tective, has been Incarnated lv the play made
by William Gillette out ut Dr. Doyle's sto
ries. It will be seen at the Metropolitan for
three nights and a matinee, commencing to
morrow night. The company presenting the
play here was selected by Mr. Gillette and 1
carefully rthearsed by htm.
The Klaw & Erianger Comedy company,
with the merry Rogers Brothers as the prin
cipal funruakerg, will appear at the Metropol
itan for the entire week beginning next Sun
day" evening, presenting John J. McNally's
latest and most successful farce, "The Rog
ers Brothers :n Central Park." Besides Gus
and Max Rogers, Isadore Rush, Grace Free
man, Louise Royce, Jeannette Bageard, Edith
St. Clair, Emma Francis, Will' H. West, Lee
Harrison, Arthur Gibson and Johnny Page
are active factors in the development of the
funmaklng. The chorus element, always a
pleasing part of the Roger* Brothers' shows,
is more pleadingly employed and larger in
number than ia any previous skit. The sale
of seats opens to-morrow morning.
Plays that treat of war happenings are al
ways popular with theater-goers. There Is an
air of romance about military things that
j finds immediate and enthusiastic favor. "The
I lieart of Maryland," David Beiasco's inter
| esting drama which is holding forth at the
i Bijou this week, is one of the best of this
type of plays. The author, a thorough stu
dent of stagecraft and play construction, has
Mended pathos, comedy, love and realism
into a drama of Intense interest. Its produc
tion at the Bijou is adequate, and not a role
suffers from weak interpretation. In the role
of Colonel Kendrick, Frank Connor is seen
to excellent advantage, while tn the leading
feminine role of Maryland Calvert, Miss Ma
bel Howard Is excellently cast.
"The Gunner's Mate," the naval dramn
which had such a successful run last season
at the Grand opera-house, New York, will be
presented at the Bijou next week. Manager
Augustus Pitou has given it a scenic equip
ment that excels In beauty, massiveness and
realism. The five scenes are masterpieces.
The three scenes aboard the cruiser Xew York
were received with applause every night last
week as they were revealed to the big audience
in Philadelphia. The deck scene of the flag
ship, with its ponderous guns facing the audi
ence, the flying bridges, turrets, etc., are ex
act reproductions of the originals. The fore
castle scene, showing the sailors' Foo-Foo
baud and the jackies at recreation, is a lively
picture of life between decks. The flreroom
scene is the acme of realism. Nothing like it
has ever been seen ou the stage before, and
ths dramatic climax is of the strongest. This
is one play in a thousand where the audience
is kept in suspense until the curtain begins
to come down.
No foreign musical attraction that has vis
ited this country for years has received such
attention as the famous Strauss orchestra
from Vienna, now on its way east from the
Pacific coast, and to be heard at the Lyceum
theater in this city in four grand concerts,
on Sunday evening. Jan. 20, Tuesday evening.
Jan. 22, Wednesday afternoon, Jan. 23, and
Thursday evening, Jan. 24, under the leader
ship of the sole remaining member of the
famous. Strauss family of composers and di
rectors. The organization occupies a unique
position among the leading bands of the
world, as it does not claim to be a symphony
orchestra or one devoted to the classical
work, but its field is nearer the heart of the
general public like our own Sousa, and its
renditions of waltz and other dance music,
operas and popular orchestral numbers of a
brilliant, catchy and da\nty nature, cannot be
surpassed.
CHINESE ODDITIES
Describing "Some Chinese Oddities" in the
January Cosmopolitan, Rev. Francis E. Clark,
D. D., says there is room for improvement
in Chinese roads and streets and vehicles. In
Shanghai, instead of electric cars, the wheel
barrow propelled by coolies is the favorite
mode of transportation. This primitive ve
hicle emits a-piteous squeak, hard on the
western nerves, but a coolie will trundle
a barrow with Bix persons in it along the
streets in the most patient manner.
The roads in Peking Dr. Clarke found to
have holes a foot deep and in every respect
execrable. They are no better in the city
than in the country. There is a stone road
from Tung-Chow to Peking, but half the
granite blocks have been stolen by the na
tives for their own uses. The Chinese cart
is built to stand the horrible condition of
the roads. It is springless and solid. Set
upon a stout and unbreakable axletree, with
wheels huge, thick and studded with spikes,
this cart plunges without impairment over
the wretched roadways. The Chinese mind
has not yet "caught on" to the western ve
hicular idea _and good road clubs are not
known.
The Chinaman, if stingy in other directions,
is lavish in the expediture of money for a
funeral.
Dr. Clarke tells of a Chinaman who spent
$150,000 on the funeral of his mother. He,
like other Chinamen, believed that his hap
piness hereafter depends largely on the
amount of cash expended upon the funeral of
a parent. They often leave a coffin exposed
by the roadside for years or until a necro
mancer reveals the propitious hour and place
to bury the dead. A funeral has the right of
way and all business must be suspended until
the funeral car passes by.
The Peking beggars amass much wealth.
The emperor used to be carried by his coolies
across an old wooden bridge which was in
fested with beggars. On one occasion the em
peror stopped his chair and ordered his
attendants to seize and strip all the beggars
within reach. This was done and each beg
gar was given a new suit of clothes. Upon
searching their old clothes enough money
was found to pay for the erection of the
finest bridge in Peking.
CARLYLE DKMK!) "THE CONSENT
OF THE GOVERXEIV
Then there arose one of democracy's most
trenchant foes—Carlyle; the first who dared
frankly to impeach the new ruler, to ques
tion his decrees, says Elizabeth Bisland, in
the January Atlantic. Through all his voclf
crousness; through all his droning tautology,
his buzzing, banking, and butting among
phrases, like an angry cockchafer; through
the general egregiousness of his intolerable
style, there rang out clear once again the
paean of the strong. Here was no talk of the
rights of man. His right, as of old, was to
do his duty and walk in the fear of the Lord.
•'A king or leader In all bodies of men
there must be," he says. "Be their work
what it may, there is one man here who, by
character, faculty and position is fittest of
all to do it."
For the aggregate wisdom of the multitude,
to which democracy pinned its faith, he had
only scorn.
"To find a parliament more and more the
expression of the people could, unless the
people chanced to be wise, give no satis
faction. * • • But to find some 3ort of king
made in the image of God who could a little
achieve for the people, if not their spoken
wishes, yet their dumb wants, and what
they would at last find to be their instinctive
will—which is a far different matter usually
In this babbling world of ours," that was the
thing to be desired—"He who is to be my
ruler, whose will is higher than my will, was
chosen for me by heaven. Neither exempt in
obedience to the heaven-chosen 1s freedom so
much as conceivable."
Uphold the Law.
Nashville Banner.
When the people of any country or com
munity can be induced to uphold the law
against mob violence, tbe otflrers will be
better and braver and more resolute and mobs
will not be so easily formed to punish crim
inals who should be punished by the law.
Jnat to Avoid 111 Feeling.
Detroit Free Press.
Germany has protested against Turkey's
paying the United States claim before Herr
Krupp's bill is paid. Kather than cause any
hard feeling, the Sultan probably won't pay
either of them.
He Ha* Had Trouble. "
■Howard (S. D.); : Spirit. ..,''■ -..
•; "Oh! That mine enemy would bay a corn,
shredder," is the latest, of putting: It. j&v
WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 16, 190 T.
New York Daily Letter.
' BUREAU" OF THE JOURNAL,
No. 21 Park Row.
<;rnfn Trnile of Xew t'nrk.
Jau. 16.—Persons interested lv New York*
commercial'supremacy are disturbed by the
f«et that statistics prepared for the year just
closed show that there has been a falling off
la the grain trade of this port. Then, too,
an a feature of this decrease, it appears that
the earifcis have greatly suffered, for propor
tionately the canals have had to stand a far
greater amount of the decrease than have the
railroads, louring the canal year, from May
I to the close of navigation lv December, the
receipts of wheat by rail at this point were
-1,017,980 busshels, and by canal 3,525,800.
When these figures are compared with those
or 1899, which showed rail receipts in wheat
of 23,124,175, and canal receipts of 6,753,500,
the extent of this drop in the canal trade cau
be appreciated. The crop second In impor
tance only to wheat is corn, and the receipts
of corn during the year prove to be larger
ihau the year before, although this increase
by no means offsets the decrease in all the
other crops. The statistics show that there
is a diversion of the grain trade from this
port. Commercial men attribute this vari
ously to the decline of the canals, differential
rates allowed by railroads terminating else
where and the advance in rail rates from
Buffalo made late in the season. Taken as a
whole, the men interested in New York com
merce after considering the crop returns
do not figure out any material loss for New
York except ia oats. The great falling off
in the receipts of oats they cannot explain
on any ground.
A Biff Dredge.
That latest monster to invade New York
harbor, the hydrauilc dredge Thomas, is now
actively at work cutting out a new channel
fifty feet deep for the improvement of the
harbor. As the Thomas is the largest dredge
ever constructed and is the first sea-going
dredge ever built in the United States, engi
neers generally are much Interested in the
work that it is doing. Propelled by twin
screws and triple expansion engines, her
speed when loaded is about eight knots,
while for the purpose of collecting mud and
sand from the bottom of the harbor there
!s a hinged suction pipe raised and lowered
by steel cables. This pipe is four and a halt
feet in diameter, and is so adjusted as \o
permit.its lower end to be dropped to any
desired depth. Through it sand is sucked ,up
from the harbor bottom by means of a power
ful centrifugal pump. The sand and silt is
then dumped into a set of twelve hoppers
which are reached by a network of pipes.
These hoppers extend vertically from the
main deck to the bottom of the vessel, be
ing supplied with a discharge valve opening
through the floor. The sand and mud sinks
to the bottom of the hoppers and surplus
water flows out through discharge ports in
the side of the vessel. When loaded the ves
sel puts to sea and the refuse Is dumped out
of the hoppsrs into the sea. As all of the
twelve tanks are opened at the same time,
only a few minutes are required in discharg
ing the 28,000 cubic feet of material that can
be carried in the dredge.
The Strangle Hold.
When Ernest Roeber and Paul Pons come
together on the 6th of February in the Mad
ison Square Garden, to wrestle for the cham
pionship, the dangerous and much dreaded
strangle hold will be permitted. This will
be the. first time \n many years that the
strangle hold has been allowed at any con
test in this city. The wrestlers fear this
grip above all others, and their fear is only
too well founded. When the wrestler grips
his opponent in this way, he forces his op
ponent's head under his arm while his arm
is gripped under the throat of his antagonist
so that the forearm presses directly against
the throat. With this leverage he holds his
opponent's body tight, the back of his head
under his shoulder blade, and is able to ex
ert a force sufficient to strangle his antago
nist in a very short time. The opponent
must either give up the fall or die, and the
great danger lies in the fact that oftimes the
strangled wrestler is in such a position that
his shoulders cannot touch the ground, nor
can he make a sign to his adversary that he
admits the defeat. It is now provided that in
such a case the referee can break the hold
and give the fall to the man who obtained it.
Evan Lewis was the first man to introduce
this trick to the wrestling world. He learned
it in the lumber camps of Michigan, where
he once worked. Afterwards he became a
professional wrestler and used the strangle
hold with such effect that he made a world
wide reputation, being nicknamed "the
Strangler." It looks as though in the com
ing match either the Frenchman, Pons, or
Roeber will get his neck twisted.
A Little Side Drain.
New Yorkers are finding that the cost of
the new rapid transit Bystem now in course
of construction is not confined to the $35,
--000,000 awarded in the contract for the work.
There is a rapid transit commission in ex
istence whtoh must look after the construc
tion and the expenditure of the money, and
this rapid transit commission must be pro
vided for by additional funds. It has been
running now for some years and will run
for many more, so it is interesting to note
that the rapid transit commission at a meet-
Ing just held announced that it would re
quire $375,000 to carry on the work of the
board for the current year. This, the com
mission explains, Is a reasonable sum, inas
much as $15,000,000 will be spent in the work
during the year, and the expenses of the
board will thus be less than 3 per cent of the
total expenditures. This sum requested by
the board will have to be granted by the city,
and out of it will be paid all the office and
salary expenses besides the expenses of four
corps of engineers and the salaries of a chief
engineer and his superintendent. Necessarily
because of the magnitude of the work the
best possible engineering talent must be had,
and each of the corps must be as complete
as the entire corps needed for the laying of
a great surface railroad. However, it may
be said that in the matter of expenditures
the rapid transit commission has let the city
down light if it keeps within the sum stated.
Similar expenses for the Boston subway and
for the New York aqueduct amount to no
less than 10 per cent of the total cost, while
the rapid transit commission declares that
with not more than 8 per cent of the total
cost, and possibly less, it will be able to su
pervise the construction of the greatest en
gineering work ever attempted in the world.
A Possible Battle of Giants.
Now that the Carnegie company has start
ed in to make war on the National Tube com
pany through big additions to the Carnegie
plant for the manufacture of steel tubing, it
looks as though there was to be a battle of
giants in the near future. Undoubtedly the
move means that the ironmaster is to com
bat with J. Pierpont Morgan, the railroad
king. Mr. Morgan was the financier who
effected the combination of the tube busi
ness, merging it into the National Tube com
pany, and even though it is currently re
ported that his interest in the tube company
is not nearly as great as was once the case,
still he figure* in the new move in other
ways and cannot afford to allow the Carnegie
company to go ahead with the building of a
$12,000,000 tube plant on Lake Erie without
making a hard fight. It is to be Carnegie
steel plant against Morgan gold. It is be
lieved in Wall street that one of the partic
ular objects of the Carnegie company for go
ing into the tube trade is a reprisal on Mr.
Morgan for the way his railroads have treat
ed the Oarnegie interests on the matter of
freight rate 3. I£ it is proved to be a fact
that Mr. Carnegie is making a war on freight
rates, the public may look for the steel king
to extend his campaign and fight it out with
Morgan in the coal field, or even in the rail
road lines. Such a combat would startle the
country, as each side has in excess of $100,-
OOn.OOO at his disposal for fighting purposes.
Mr. Carnegie has been fighting the railroads
for years, and it is now believed that he has
taken matters in his own hands and will
force the companies to meet his demands.
\ice Pop Saffirestton.
Sioux Falls Press (Pop.).
Instead of exacting a cash indemnity from
China, the United States might force Li Hung
Chang and Prince Chtng to accept the Philip
pines.
Wise Through Bxperlenoe.
Philadelphia Bulletin.
In considering the final diplomatic Chinese
round-up it is juat as well to remember that
Uncle LI rlung Chang may show the crude
westerners an interesting trick or two. The
yellow-jacketed gentleman has had experi
ence ia these little affairs before.
Old Jim's Christmas Hymn
BY E. J. PARK.
Copyrighted, 1900, by Author's Syndicate.
It seemed to the man making his way wearily and alone through the businew
center of the town that the Christmas things in the brightly-lighted windows of the
stores had been put there to mock him.
He was thinly clad, he was hungry and was conscious that he was getting weak,
for the cold seemed to pierce to the very marrow of his boues and struck sickeningly to
his famished stomach.
He knew that he was being punished for the weakness which had led him, a good
mechanic, to lose position after position because in the competition of these daya
manufacturers have little use for men who get drunk on pay days and neglect their
work, and he had no complaint to make of the cold and the hunger which was upon
him, although he had neither overcoat to protect him against the one nor food to forti
fy him against the other.
Drink had dulled his sensibilities to the extent that he would have cared very
little for his unfortunate condition if he had been, the only sufferer, but it had not
blinded his mind nor steeled his heart to the sufferings which his own wrongdoing
had brought his innocent young wife and his helpless little girls.
The man could not keep his mind off of them, and especially off of the little girls
as he trudged on, turning his face from the store windows filled with toys and Christ
mas gifts of all kinds, for he knew that in the pitiful remnant of a home he had
left the little family far away his own children were talking with animation and yet
without hope of the coming holiday, the dearest and greatest of all the year to chil
dren the Christian world over.
Probably his little girls were hungry, he thought, for he had been tramping, look
ing for work for many weeks, and not finding it and becoming more and more dis
couraged, he had not writtten home. And now the wife and little ones were not only
unprovided for, but they knew not where he was, and Christmas was only a week
away.
Maddening as these reflections were, the man became conscious, finally, as he
trudged aimlessly on, that the evening was getting well advanced, and that he was
becoming more numbed with the cold and weaker from hunger. He fumbled in
his shabby clothes to make sure that the ten cents he had begged, he, a mechanic as
skillful as any in the land, a beggar, had not been lost, and he found it. He felt
ashamed when he fingered the coin, but it meant a drink, and if he chose his salooa
Judiciously, it meant a plate of free soup, and free soup to him meant food and
strength, and then there would be a stove with plenty of heat, and he could get rid
of the awful coldness which seemed to have gone clear through him.
He was in the outskirts of the town now, and he found the sort of saloon he had
pictured to himself. There was a crowd of men there, drinking, smoking and talking,
but through the smoke of the dingy place, seeming.beautiful to him because it was
warm and out of the cutting wind, he kept seeing in his mind a poor little home with
an unhappy but faithful woman comforting two small girls, and the soup which h©
had been given with his glass of beer choked him as he swallowed it. He had car
ried his dish to the rear of the saloon, and he thought it well that he had done so,
for there the other men could not see the bitter tears that rolled from his eyes.
The man was so engrossed in his houghts that he paid little attention to those
about him, until suddenly his attention was attracted by a song that one of the half
drunken patrons of the place was singing. It came to him at first merely as an echo
of somehing pleasant, for the voice was that of one who had once been a good singer.
There was something familiar about the air, too, something which carried the tramp
back to his childhood days in his native village, and conjured up a picture of the
church where he had sat with his old mother, now happily long gone to her rest,
for the air of the song was "The Rock of Ages."
So the man listened, holding his empty soup dish on his knees, and he heard in
the song the story of a singer in a village church who had gone the way that the
tramp had traveled, and after many years had returned again to his village, a tramp,
like him, and had been taken to the church to sing again on Christmas morn. The
song told how the villagers had gazed in wonder at the roughly-clad man who stood
at the railing of the choir where Jim had stood in other years, and of the song ha
sang. •. . .-- • • .
Jim's song, the song of other days, was ''The Rock of Ages," and the half-drunken,
man in the saloon rolled out this chorus in perfect time:
Now Christmas days will come and go,
And so will Christmas hymns—
But never will there be a song
To equal that of Jim's —
Rock of Ages, cleft for me,
Let me hide myself in Thee."
The voice of the singer was silent, and the man who heard him, bringing up the
saddening memories of the other days, gulped down a great hard lump in his throat
and passed out into the darkness of the bitterly cold night and turned his steps out
a street which led into the country lying write and still beyond the town.
He was scarcely conscious now of the cold and biting wind, for his thoughts of
his own miserable condition, the misery he had brought to others and the hopeless
ness of the future for such as he, rendered him insensible to his own physical suf
ferings. If he could only atone for the past by one great sacrifice, he thought, how
gladly would he do it.
How could he, who had been so weak and sinned so much, make atonement for hl3
wife and children? Was it possible that he could make any sacrifice? Ah! A
thought had come to him. Dissolute and weak as he had been, he remembered
that he had paid the premiums on an insurance policy on his life and that It would be
in force until the dawn of the new year. Why not, he asked himself, lie down in the
stillness of the night beside the country road and die. that the failthful wife and the
helpless, trusting little girls at home might be benefited? He reflected with bitter
ness of soul that he was a hindrance and would be a burden to them if he lived,
while his death meant for them warmth, food and comforts, and that there would be
presents to them from Santa Claus, so long anticipated and so rarely seen, and he
decided on the sacrifice.
Where he should die he did not know, but he stumbled on and on out into the
country now lying, late at night, white and still, and as he tottered on the words of
the song of "Old Jim's Christmas Hymn" kept creeping through hi 3 mind.
He was staggering now, and as he dragged one foot after the other very slowly
until in the middle of the cross roads, standing like a cross of marble, he fell against
a white sign board, and there he stopped. The cold had reached his poor, tired brain
now, but through it was slowly running the hymn that he had heard in the dingy
saloon so many miles back, and the man sank down at the foot of what seemed to him
to be a real cross, content that at last he had found the end of his journey.
Lying on the stones which made the foundation of the signboard in the form of the
cross the man passed one arm about the upright of it, turned his face upwards and
smiled. It seemed to be growing warmer and he felt that he was resting and going
to sleep as he dreamily repeated to himself:
"Christmas days will come and go,
And so will Christinas hymns—
But never will there be a song
To equal that of Jims —
Rock of Ages, cleft for me
Let me hide myself in Thee."
One Factor in Our Trade Supremacy
To the Editor of The Journal:
American trade supremacy is Just now a
topic of newspaper discussion in Europe. A
recent number of a London paper, the Ex
press, published an article with the startling
headline, "Wake Up, England," the purpose
of which was to rouse interest in the ques
tion, Is England losing commercial posi
tion? *
Another London paper, in searching for
the cause of England's lack of ability to com
pete, after citing as an illustration the fact
that in one shipyard alone there was last
year an injury to its output of 25 per cent
from drinking men, said:
"If we are not able to produce better, faster
and cheaper than other countries, our sober
rivals will come and capture our trade."
The same paper quotes the British Medical
Journal as authority for the fact that Great
Britain's per capita consumption of alcohol
is nearly twice that of the United States.
In 1870, France, smarting under the defeat
of the Franco-Prussian war and looking
around to find the cause, said: "It is the Ger
man schoolmaster. Ihe Germans are better
soldiers because they are more intelligent.
We must have public schools."
Again it is the schoolmaster. Sixteen years
ago, in obedience to laws enacted by congress
and state legislatures, the public schools in
this country began to teach all pupils that
one of the effects of alcoholic drinks is so
to injure the brain and muscles that the
drinker cannot do as good work as the ab
stainer. Soon after, banks, railroads, manu
factories and responsjble business of almost
all kinds in the United States began to de
mand that their employes should be total
abstainers. The effect of this upon the indus
trial ability of our nation is manifest.
England has no such system of compulsory
temperance education in its public schools as
we have, an education that is teaching the
people in thi3 country the relation of total
abstinence to the success that means suprem
acy. This industrial supremacy Is the more
significant because of the fact that labor re
ceives here a larger wage than In the old
world. All the advantage due to our great
natural resources and to our extended domain
i under only one and that the freest govern
ment of the world would not give us commer
! clal or any other supremacy, if our Industries
were losing 25 per cent per annum of their
■ output because of drinking workmen.
Among the causes that go to make up a
nation's strength the most potent are often
the quiet ones of education, seldom recog
nized until they reappear in the acts that
make history. Total abstinence and the edu
cation that secures it Is a part of that godli
ness that is profitable not only for the life
that now is but for that which is to come.
—Mary H. Hunt.
The De Wet of Polities.
New York Evening Sun.
Mr. Matthew Stanley Quay is in politics
what General De Wet is in war. His ene
mies can never be sure that they have him
beaten. And when he Is beaten he refuses
to stay so.
Pity Poor W«lll« Waldor«l
New York Journal.
Mr. William Waldorf Astor didn't get a
baronetcy on New Year's 'Day, or even a
knighthood. When you are pitying yourself
for your own paltry sorrows, think of that.
"FAREWELL' AMD GREETING
What 3hall we say to the Dying /Year?
Beg him to linger, or bid him go? '
The light in his eyes burns. dim and low.
His fingers are clammy, his pulse beats
slow, j
He wanders and mumbles, but doth not hear.
The lanes are sodden, the leaf-drifts sear.
And the wrack is weaving thc-ir shroud of
white,
Do you not see he is weary quite
Of the languor of living and longs for
night?
Vex him no more, but lay him down
In the snug: warm earth, neath the clods of
brown
And the buds of the winier aconite.
What shall we "do with the bygone Year?
Cover with cypress, or crown -with bay?
He will not know what you sing or say.
Ho is deaf to to-morrow as yesterday.
To him are all one the smile or tear;
He is risen, or fallen, he is not here.
We can go en our way. we may Hv» anfl
laugh.
Round the banquet of life may feast and
quaff.
The purple catafalque, pompous star.
The deepest dirges, the noblest lay?,
And the mightiest monutnen-t man can rauia.
Are only the Spirits' cenotaph.
Dust under dust, he is dead, but He
Was the last of the centuried years that
flow,
We know not whither, we never shall know,
With the tide unreturning of Time, and gt>
To the phantom shore of Eternity.
Shadows to Shadows, they flit and tlee
Away from the face of the flaring sun.
Vague generations, seen by none,
That never are ended, never begun.
Where is the dome of the vault so vast
As. to prison the shades of the perished Past«
Save the limitless tomb'of Oblivion?
Let the dead consort with the dead, and aslc
How we shall greet the new-born year.
She is coming, is coming, and lo! is here.
With forehead and footstep that know not
fear.
She will shrink from no pleasure, will shirk
no task,
But there never was mocking vfil or mask
Like her fair frank face and her candid
• soul. • '
Do you fathom her thoughts, can you guess
her goal.
Her waywardness curb or her fate oonfrbl?
She will go her way, and that way not ours.
So greet her with song and snow wojes
flowers.
And crown her with Hope's own aureole.
Yet mind her dawn of the dark, for She.
Sho too must pass through the lyehg-ate
porch,
And give to her kpeping tho sacred Torch,
That oft may flicker, and sometimes scorch,
Bui brightens and burns eternally
Ttfc beacon on land, and the light on sea.
Let the mist be ever so deep and dense,
The .Soul's own lamp through the shades
of sense.
To show us Whither, remind us Whence.
She must tread the Unknown the dead years
trod;
If trackless and rugged, the goal is God,'
And the! will of all-wise Omnipotence.
—Alfred Austin, Poet Laureate.
Ashiord, Kent, England.

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