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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, January 30, 1901, Image 4

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THE JOURNAL
LUCIAN SWIFT, .J. S. McLAIN, ;
MANAGER.. EDITOR. *
i THE JO V II X A li is published
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The Journal Almanac for
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taining all kinds of information
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Almanac gives statistics about
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tail, bank clearings, census re
turns, party platforms of the state
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miscellaneous character The Jour
nal Almanac has given heretofore,
and much which has not hitherto
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Only 25c at Journal Counter.
Denouncing the Queen
The fierce denunciation of the late Queen
Victoria yesterday by the United States
Irish-American societies at their conven
tion in New York was, to say the least, a
very disgusting breach of common decency,
seeing that the queen's dead body has not
yet been interred and her family and na
tion are in the garb of mourning.
The members of the Irish-American so
cieties, instead of characterizing the reign
of Victoria as "one long act of bloodshed,
murder, cruelty and cant" and declaring
that, in no other reign were "greater in
justice, more cruelty, grosser wrong in
flicted upon humanity in general and upon
the Irish people," should have declared the
historic fact that in no other reign have
the Irish people received such large acces
sions to their civil and religious liberty.
The Irish Episcopal church has been dis
established thereby removing a great in
justice to the Roman Catholics; land acts
have been passed, each one adding to the
relief of the tenant, giving him in fact
the largest advantage; the education act
has been applied most liberally and the
electoral franchise has been liberally ex
tended until Irish women are accorded suf
frage, under limitations. There has been
a very decided removal of English injustice
from Ireland.
Of course, agitators for an independent
Ireland have fallen into the habit of de
nouncing and reviling all English rulers.
But they fail to note that imperial legisla
tion, has now established one rule for both
countries as to law, commerce and educa
tion. The disposition of the British crown
is to give Ireland just and liberal laws and
it need not be stated that Irish representa
tion allowed in the English parliament is
most liberal.
It is noticeable in this connection that
the late queen, during her reign, received
some of the unkindest treatment from Eng
lishmen. She was sharply abused by them
for prolonging her mourning for her hus
band and practically retiring from public
life for years after his death. Some of the
comemnts on the royal widow's course
were gross and contemptible. It is not
many years since Sir Charles Dilke and
Bradlaugh attacked the queen through the
civil list, proposing tp cut down the
queen's household to bedrock and leave her
without money enough to keep up the
royal state. They and other Englishmen
favored giving the queen a leasehold on the
crown for her life, after which her line
was to give way to a British republic.
Dilke has modified his views in recent
years, but such men as Labouchere ("Lab
bie") have kept up such attacks on the
queen. Labouchere, however, is too much
of a gentleman to keep up his ungracious
assaults while -the nation mourns the death
of the queen.
Senator Prye is probably correct when
he says that the ship subsidy bill repre
sents the "best judgment of the most
experienced shipping men of this country
put into legal form by the best counsel
obtainable," but he has, unconsciously,
no doubt, given the whole snap away.
The shipping men have had the best
counsel obtainable to help them plan a
raid on the United States treasury under
the pretense that it is for the benefit of
commerce. Why didn't commerce think
of it first, then? But commerce Isn't ask
ing for this ship subsidy bill and it does
not appear that anybody is but a few
of "the most experienced shipping men,"
whose first proposition was so rank and
offensive that it has been necessary to
prune it a good deal, but which still pro
vides ten dollars benefit for a little
coterie of four ship owners to one that it
confers upon the public. The ship sub
sidy bill threatens the future success of
the republican party, and the quicker it
is killed the better.
Extra Session Talk
Less than five weeks remain for the
fifty-sixth congress to pass the remain
ing appropriation bills and dispose of
other necessary business. The senate has
done little or nothing with the appro
priation bills and it would be accomplish
ing more work than most senatorial ses
sions have accomplished if it duly and
properly considers this essential business
in the less than thirty working days
which remain. Yet it is noticeable that
the promoters of the subsidy bill are de
termined to crowd out necessary business
and consume valuable time with that
measure, which has apparently no pros
pect of getting through the house, even
if it is forced through the senate.
The canal bill will not be acted on un
less the British cabinet acts upon the
amended Hay-Pauncefote treaty, which,
under the present period of official mourn
ing in the British empire, would seem
to be doubtful, and so that matter may
go over to the next congress.
Here, again, is the possibility of the
Introduction of the Cuban constitution, in
a few days, for consideration and appro
val. The convention at Havana has been
pushing the work so as to have it acted
on by the present congress, and the
Cubans will be greatly dissatisfied with
any delay. There are not 1 less than 170
sections in the constitution to be dealt
with. There are defects to be remedied
and all amendments mean that the Cuban
convention will have to meet and act on
the amendments made by congress. The
constitution omits provisions for foreign
relations and notably relations with the
United States. Congress will have to in
sist that our government shall have some
thing to say about limiting the Cuban
treaty-making power and their power to
declare war, for, in these matters, the
Cubans may make Cuba as much of a nui
sance to us as it was under the Spanish
regime. The proper consideration of this
treaty will evidently take a good while.
It is better that it should. It is a very
serious matter for the United States as
well as for Cuba. The work cannot be
done by this congress, of course.
The president has named ■ for urgency
the action of congress on civil government
legislation for the Philippines, and this
can be done at an extra session, pro
vided the federal supreme court decides
upon the true status of the insular pos-
sessions—which it is expected to do with
in the next thirty days. This is another
matter which congress has no time to con
sider at the present session.
The strengthening of the gdld standard,
for which several bills have been intro
duced, can be accomplished at an extra
session. This is one of the imperative
measures.
Congressmen, who complain that they
cannot take time from their own business
to attend an extra session, ought never
to have run for congress. They must
make time for public business. That's
what they are paid for.
But it will be exceedingly unfortunate
for the republican party If it appears that
an extra session has been made necessary
by the determination of the friends of the
ship subsidy bill to pass that suspicious
and unpopular measure.
Practically all the plans for redistricting
the state congressionally contemplate
leaving the fifth district as it is, although
this county already contains 34,000 more
people than should be assigned to any one
district in the state, and nearly 40,000 more
than it is proposed to put in some of them.
It seems to be the disposition of many
of the leaders in the legislature to give
Minneapolis the worst of it in any scheme
of reapportionment, but that is mighty
poor politics. The republicans of the state
are likely to need Minneapolis again in
state contests need her badly, but they
are proposing to do something which will
make it very much harder to develop re
publican majorities in this city. There is
nothing lost by being fair.
Suggesting a Contrast
Two notable s-peeches have recently been
made by Minnesota men whose names have
been frequently on the tongue and before
the public eye during the past few weeks.
One of them was made by Charles A.
Towne in the senate of the United States,
the other by John Goodnow at the banquet
given him last night in this city and is
reproduced to-day in The Journal.
One stood with his back to the future and
employed his eloquent talents in denial or
perverßion of the facts of recent history,
in depreciating the strength and power of
the institutions of his country, in dis
paragement of her officers civil and mili
tary and in laudation of her foes, in deny
ing obligation and duty where responsi
bility and opportunity exist, and substi
tuting falsehood for fact and prejudice for
conviction. The other stood with his face
to the future, recognizing the responsibil
ity and duty in the midst of the difficul
ties and the dangers which exist, but look
ing beyond them into the future and dis
covering magnificent and even glorious re
sults as a reward for the sacrifices and
discouragements which must be suffered
Both speeches will become a part of the
personal record of these two men. Both
will have to stand by them in the future.
Can there be any question in the unpreju
diced mind as to which of the speakers is
likely in the future to take greater satis
faction in his utterances made at this
time —the pessimistic, unpatriotic and mis
leading declarations of Mr. Towne, or the
hopeful, inspiring, confident and patriotic
view of national destiny expressed by Mr.
Goodnow?
The North Dakota populist party has
pulled down the blinds, locked the door
and gone away. All that remains to be
done is to take down the sign.
The W. C. T. U. people of the country
are coming to the conclusion that two
wrongs do not make a right, even when
one of them is a lawless act of a hys
terical and mentally unbalanced woman
against an illegal saloon. People who set
aside the law themselves cannot very
■successfully operate against other people
for doing the same thing. It is in recog-
THE MDOrEAPOLIS JOUBKftH,
nition of this fact, probably, that the W.
C. T. U. of Cambridge, Mass., pass resolu
tions discountenancing Mrs. Nation's plan
of eradicating the evil of intemperance.
The Law Triumphs
That combination of brute and devil In
human form, represented by the ravishers
and murderers of Jennie Bossehieter, re
ceived their sentences yesterday in the
courtroom at Paterson, N. J. Three were
sentenced to thirty years at hard labor,
and one to fifteen years.
• While the penalty is deplorably inade
quate, it is a gratifying fact that thts
crime has been punished in a legal and
orderly manner after a fair trial oi the ac
cused, and without the commission of a
crime against itself by an outraged and
disgraced community. The good people
of Paterson doubtless feel this disgrace
as keenly as would the reputable citizens
of any other community, yet they have
exhibited the virtue of self restraint in
most commendable fashion, and, under
probably as strong provocation as was
ever offered to any community, have re
sisted the impulse to take the law into
their own hands, and have permitted the
civil authorities to proceed with the dis
position of this case in the regular way.
How much better is it for the community
of Paterson, ior the state of New Jersey,
and for the country at large, that this
horrible crime has been dealt with in this
manner than it would have been if it had
led to the perpetration of another against
ithe very foundations of safety and per
manence in organized society!
The only regret is that the law did not
provide a penalty for this crime which
would have executed these four fiends in
human shape at one time upon the same
gibbet. For while fifteen years and
thirty years in prison means the end of
all things worth living for for these men,
the infliction of the severest penalty, im
posed in an orderly manner, would have
produced an effect of more value for the
future.
Towne's great speech is making him
talked of for the democratic leadership,
and for both president and vice president.
We hope only good things for Towne per
sonally, but the democrats have had one
experience of choosing a leader because he
can make a great speech. Possibly it may
be worth something to them now.
Our Mr. Towne says that he is not
y. going wholly to retire to his
roung library at Duluth, but that he
Echo. will continue to uphold the
etitutlon. Like the "little can
dle shining in the night," which the children
sing about in the lower grades—
In this world of darkness we must shine,
You in your small corner, and I in mine
Mr. Towne -will continue t» sehrtillate.
Perhaps the simile of au echo would be
even more striking. To that corner in which
Mr. Towne has chosen to reside, Mr. Bryan's
Commoner will penetrate, and Mr. Towne will
send back the shout of liberty. There is a
story told of a celebrated echo in the White
mountains. Parties were climbing among
the rocks one day, when, they noticed an old
man sitting on a rock with a pair of field
glasses in his- hands. Every bow and then
he would look earnestly through them and
then whoop continuously for a time with a
vigor astonishing, considering his age.
For a time the tourists observed him from
a respectful distance, till finally, beiug natu
rally curious, one of them went up to him.
"Why," he was asked, "do you rubber that
way and then yell so loud?"
He turned and eyed the questioner calmly,
with a dignity which could have been born of
nothing but a great responsibility.
"If you talk to me," he said gravely, "you'll
take my attention aad I'll lose my job. I,
sir, am the echo at the Mountain House down
yonder."
At this point it t'ecame necessary for him
to howl again, and the querist retired much
imprfssed.
It is well to have an echo In this distant re
gion, and, whenever the Commoner comes
out, we may look for some good-sized whoops
from our vigorous young ex-senator.
An all-pervading quiet reigns
When baiby goes to sleep;
From basement floor to ridgepole
You can hear (he silence creep;
The loud and raucous whoop with which
The baby sped the day
Has died away; and father comes
And has these words to say:
"I never saw a child before
That made so little fuss,
And why in the name of goodness
Is the house in such a muss?"
Then father eats his supper
And smokes before the fire.
The easy time that women have
Is enough to raise one's ire.
A Pennsylvania doctor who prescribed qui
nine and whisky for a grip-stricken Irish
family discovered that the Hibernian exile
made his wife take the quinine, while he took
care of the whisky. And he recovered first
and swears by the doctor.
Texas is now claiming oil enough to grease
the nation. This does not refer to Mrs. Na
tion, who is able to slip into the saloons
quite heavily without being oiled.
Keep your mouth shut, says a scientist, and
"you will not catch the grip. You will also
avoid many other troubles by thi3 simple but
difficult rule.
The oldest graduate of Yale has just died, j
tut it didn't do any good, for another "oldest
graduate" came forward to claim the honor.
Mr. Bryan is going to make a trip to Eu
rope, Asia and the Philippines. Has Lincoln,
Xeb., run out of newspaper copy already?
Do not despise the peanut. It is now pro
ducing a "genuine olive oil" of superior
merit and purity.
STEEL. FIGIRES
Professor Thunton of Cornell contributes
to the Century a chapter of impressive facts
about the steel industry of the United States.
This industry is conceded to be the gage of
the position of a people in the scak- of civili
zation and a barometer of trade and national
progress. Here are a few of the facts:
In 1870 our production of Iron was growing
faster than that of Great Britain and by 1890,
we had overtaken and distanced the British
figures. We now lead the world in iron pro
duction, 14,000,1)00 tons in ISSIi; England com
ing second with 9,500.000 tons, and Germany
•third, with 8,250,000 tons. Last year we pro
duced 15,000,000 tons and Great Britain re
corded less than 10,000,000. Iron rails are no
longer made. We make half of all the iron
made on the globe and over two-thirds of its
product is employed in the form of steel. The
blast furnaces are turning out pig at the
rate of from 500 to 700 tons each every twenty
four hours, and a single plant of four stacks
can suply 750,000 tons in a year.
American labor is made productive with
high wages through mechanical inventions,
decreasing cost and diminishing prices, with
enlarging production and profit. Thus our
manufacturers are underselling Europe in
iron and steel products. Of the $40,000,000,000
worth of manufactured products the world is
producing, the United States produces $10,000,
--000,000 worth. And each year swells those
figures largely.
No Heason for Complaint.
Buffalo Courier.
Young Mr. Vanderbilt is said to have bought
his bride a sabie coat in Montreal which cost
$4,000. Why not? He has the money, and
nothing ought to be too good in his opinion
for the young woman. Besides, what would
be the use of making $4,000 sable costs if
there were no market for them?
KamaV Fatal Error.
Louisville Courier-Journal.
The new senator from Kansas is reported
to be "one of the most brilliant orators in
the west." This i 3 discouraging. Kansas has
already suffered more from orators than she
bas from droughts and grasshoppers. - '
AMUSEMENTS
Foyer Chat.
For "The Sign of the Cross" matinee this
afternoon every seat in the large auditorium
of the Metropolitan was aold before 10 o'clock
this morning and hundreds of people stood
up to witness the performance. The play
will continue through the week with a matinee
again on Saturday.
As a fun promoter and mirth provoker,
Harry Corson Clarke, who appears at the
Metropolitan next Sunday evening, has few;
equals. Yet Mr. Clarke's methods, while
masterly, are strictly legitimate. He never
descends to horse-play nor wins a laugh by i
other means than those of a refined, artistic j
and genuine comedy talent. His make-up is!
j eccentric, quaint or humorous, as the case
j may demand, but it is never a burlesque nor!
a caricature. More, he sinks his own' in- j
dividuality in the role he assumes. For the
time being he is a faithful reproduction of:
the character he is portraying, and his facial
expression, the tones and inflections of his!
voice, his diction and mannerisms are in ab- j
solute harmony with that character. He is
always a gentleman, never a buffoon, always
deft and subtle, never clumsy or coarse—a
finished artist rsfther than a clever trickster j
in making his effects.
To the amusement seeker surfeited with the
morbid or spicy type of attraction, "The
Parish Priest," which will be the offering at'
the Metropolitan the latter part of next week, j
will come as a refreshing breath of air in j
summer, for there is not a line, situation or i
suggestion which is not absolutely pure, and I
the laughter provoked is of the wholesome,
i .honest sort.
The many funny happenings at a country
railway station and the annoyances to which
a person who has to wait for a train for
any length of time is subjected, are humor
ously illustrated in Hoyt's 'A Hole in the
Ground," exploited this week at the Bijou to
large and enthusiastic audiences. The com
pany is most capable, Charles Cowles in the
role of the Stranger being effective.' Miss!
Nettie DeCoursey, who a&sumes the role of j
I the lunch counter girl, is a cute little body,
who sings and dances herself into favor.
The revival of "M'liss" is a very elaborate
one. The late Annie Pixley made, not only
her reputation, but her fortune iuJ this p,lay.
"M'liss" is a dramatization of one of Bret
Harte's best tales of the breezy life in Cali
fornia when that state was overrun by seek
ers for gold. There are love and happiness,
laughter and sorrow, comedy and pathos in
the lines. The company is reported to be
one of exceeding excellence. It is headed by
Nellie McHenry, one of the foremost com
ediennes of the stage, and the supporting
company is said to be extremely weil bal
anced. "M'liss" is to be the attraction at the
Bijou next week.
DELAWARE'S PIMTIVE PROCESSES
In Delaware ("little, but, oh, my!") they
do some queer things, besides letting Addicks
break in and disturb the public equanimity.
One of these is the retention of such puni
tive agencies as the pillory and whipping
post. They used these implements in
Massachusetts once upon a time, but they
have been discarded. Theodore Dreiser, in
Ainslee's Magazine for February, shows how
the system works. He saw a crowd of 200
people in Newcastle gathered to witness the
la3hing and pillorying of persons who had
been convicted of offenses so punishable. The
public whippings have become a public di
version. But Mr. Dreiser was told by many
people that the peculiar mode of punishment
had not prevented the increase of crime. In
that state, the strictest blue laws are in
force to punish Sabbath breakers and those
dealing with spirits and witchcraft, con
junction and fortune telling. The law which
compelled an ex-convict to wear a striped
jacket from one month to three years after
discharge, was only repealed in 1893.
To-day forgery, perjury and some smaller
offenses are punished by the application of
the pillory, and burglary, arson, attempted
rape and larceny art' punishable by lashes.
The subjects of these punishments are people
committing petty larceny, wife beating, etc.
For three years there has been no case of
arson or of attempted rape, and there has
never been but one attempt at bank burglary
in the state and that was not successful.
Delaware has no penitentiary, no system of
prison labor and nc reform school and no
separation of prisoners. The police authori
ties claim that the whipping post and pillory
have saved the state a vast amount of money
by deterring criminals from other states
from coming in arid are the only means by
which Delaware dan be protected from the
criminal classes. The jailer at Newcastle,
however, told Mr. Dreiser that, although he
did the Whipping, he believed it degrades the
man that does the whipping and has the same
effect upon those who witness it. This is a
view from the inside.
A PIjEA FOR SENTIMENT
In a paper on the Interesting question: "Is
Sentiment Declining?" in The Century,
Amelia Gere Mason argues with charming in
sistence that the new age is inclined to
put sentiment away; to regard emotion as
weakness, or, at least, change the fashion
of it. She hints at the possibility of marriage
in some future Utopia, "'regulated by a coun
cil which shall determine the fitness of peo
ple for one another on scientific and economic
principles, with due regard to heredity, figures
aiid the good of the race." If sentiment is
taking new forms, it is not fostered by mod
ern ideals.
Mrs. Mason rightly affirms that "when w?
put individual sentiment in the category of j
things to be frowned upon and avoided, we ]
are in the' way of trampling upon many of the :
choicest things of life. It is the safeguard of |
the old and weak, the hope of the suffering; j
it lights many dark places and binds us by i
invisible ties to all that is good in the past'
and to the great ideals of the world. In a ]
thousand delicate ways it consecrates family '
life and makes of love a benedirtion. If it
sometimes clings unduly to that which is '
dead or useless, it gives fresh proof of the i
unfailing vitality of the human heart. In '
trying to pull up the ra.ik weeds of senti- ;
mentality let us have a care lest we pull up
with them the tender flowers of sentiment, j
which give humanity so much of its inspira
ticn and life so much of its charm."
NORTH STAR TWIXKLES
The Osakis Review tells how Minneapolis
furnishes the vote to elect a republican gov- :
ernor while St. Paul votes democratic and
continues to "lug off the persimmon."
The Barnesville Record finds something to
smile at in reading the various ballots in the
senatorial fight and noting the "changes"
rung on the favorites by Representative Lom
men.
"Scotch Nell," who hailed fropi Crookston 1
and started in to do some Carrie Nation work '
at Moorhead has been the most exciting topic , 1
in the valley for a week. j 1
— . ji
According to the Dodge County Star three |'
Dodge county editors went to St. Paul to use !
! their influence for Tawney—and Clapp was '
■named. '
_ j
There's an election in sight at Duliith, and 1
the Weekly Sun bitterly proclaims that "this '
' nonpartizan campaign is being conducted in '
the interest of some men who could not get '
into office any other way." !'
I 1
The Mankato wrestling match that termi- '
nated in a rough house still monopolizes the ]
gossip round the tea tables at the clubs, j
The rival baseball associations at Mankato '' '
compromised after one of the lawyers knocked
the ball over the fence and the judge i'
yelle.d quits.
The Fairmont Sentinel approves Senator
Johnson's bill, "which gives counties the !
right to employ tax ferreta to get after tax
dodgers."
It is observed that "the saloon crowd" at :
Moorhead has to face the possibility of a con
servative mayor and a $1,000 license. The
Fergus falls Journal believes that this will
take a "few kinks out of the aforesaid saloon
crowd." '
« i
Albert Lea will now proceed to boom. '
Mayor Dunn presided at a boom mass meet- '
ing and some of the thirteen-inch oratorical !
guns of the town were let loose with telling '
effect.
Alexandria News—We would rather be R.
G. Evans with the record of glorious defeat
than a whole lot of other people.
■ Ha* Been Shown Often Enoogh.
".,. Kansas ; City Times. ''•* '.'. ' ''/■/, \
Pennsylvania ought to.be satisfied this time
that she can't lose Quay.- ' ':" -"Vl. * '•'•. ;*-*>:i
WEDISTESDAY EVENING, JANUAET 30, 1901.
New York Daily Letter.
■• ' -
BUREAU OP THE JOURNAL,
21 Park Row.
The Kins a« a Sp« culator.
Jan. 30.—Edward VII., when he waa the
Prince of Wales, -was ofttimes a great specu
lator, although mention of this fact doea not
appear in any at the recent accounts of tht»
habits and customs of tho new King of Great
, Britain. Yet on one day of last week 4,500
; shares of stock were traded In on the New
York Stock exchange in the name of Albert
Edward. For many years he has been a firm
believer in his own judgment of the value of
I securities and his operations have bee.n by no
i means confined to the London Stock exchange.
\ Commissions from the then Prince of Wales
. have long made glad the hearts and swelled
i the bank rolls of brokers here and in Paris.
■At the present time, entirely independent
of any part of the fortune left the new king
.by the late Queen Victoria, he owns in his
! own name American securities to the extent
jof $5,000,000. A division of the personal
estat© of the queen will give him a direct
control of American stocks and bonds aggre
gating $2,000,000 more, to say nothing of the
j American mortgages and real estate invest-
I raents to which Queen Victoria was particu
| larly partial. Two years ago, when the great
bull market waa on, the prince, as he will
be called for some time to come, consistently
'. backed hU belief in higher prices for Ameri
j can securities. Heavy trades made here and
lin London were said to have netted him
\ about 13,000,000, although about one-half of
j it went back into the market a little later
on. The prince believed in higher prices
and continued to buck the market after the
reaction set in. However, he realized his
mistake before his profits had all disappeared,
and closed out his contracts.
He Backs Him Judgment.
About last September the new king name
to the belief that American stock 3 were
again selling at altogether too low a figure,
j Judging the outcome of the presidential cam
j paign rightly, he again proceeded to lay in
a line of securities, particularly those of
railroads. His orders at that time, as is his
custom, did not specify the number of shares
of any particular stock to be purchased or
sold, or the exact price at which the trans
| actions were to be made. Edward VII. does
I not desire to enter into such matters of de
tail as he does not wish to become a victim
of the quotation habit. When the king de
sires to buy a certain class of securities he
j simply informs his agent in this city that
jhe is at liberty to buy those stocks. Some
| times he hints at the limit he is willing to
! carry, but even that is not usual. The actual
1 transactions are left entirely to the agent's
j judgment, the latter being at liberty to oper
ate to any extent on either side of the mar
ket without consultation. Weekly reports are
made by the agent to his principal, and as a
rule he is able to report profits. Within the
last month this agent has had no word of any
sort from his royal chief, but as he has been
in close touch with the situations in England
he has acted on this knowledge and closed out
a considerable line of long stocks, trusting to
i a decline to enable him to buy it back at a
j lower figure. King Edward is not a believer
jin cha'iee in his etock speculations, and
does not deal, as a rule, with stock of flighty
character, preferring the slower moving but
morn secure railroad issues. He has at his
command the confidential advice of the great
est of the world's financiers, and also more
facilities for obtaining inside information than
any man in the world. Therefore when he
dips into the field of speculation he doea
so with a3 great a certainty of profit as is
possible for anyone.
"Salnnimito."
Extensive preparations are being m»de at
the Metropolitan opera-house for the produc
tion cf Ernest Reyer's "Salammbo." This
opera will be presented with the magnificence
and care like that bestowed a year ago on
Mozart's "Masic Flute." "Salammbo" is in
eight scenes, the period being about 250 B. C.
and the scene is in Carthage during the first
cf th° three Punic wars. In the mounting
of the opera everything will' b* new.
Libraries have been sean-hed, and the cos
tumes, building 3 and incidentals of the place
and time will be ciosely followed. yVmong
the scenes will be shown a flight of steps
thirty-five feet wide and twenty feet high.
The liberetto for this opera was made by
Camille dv Locte, after Gustave Flaubert. It
was in Brussels in 1890 that "Salammbo" was
first produced, and then it made its -way to
Paris by way of Rouen. Last summer at
Paris the opera "Salammho" had its one
hundredth performance. Its first American
performance was in New Orleans last year
under Mr. Vienesl. This coining opera is
said to contain many risque scenes, but as
this feature is common in so many of the
operas performed at the Metropolitan it is
not likely that any formal complaint will be
made on this occasion. The ease with which
the opera-going public accepts dangerous
situations was recently exemplified at a per
formance of "Meflstofeles." at the close of
the scene between the rejuvenated Faust and
Helen of Troy. On this particular occasion,
for the first time In years, the fall of the
curtain was slew and halting. After descend
ing two-thirds of the way\ at its usual gait
it paused awkwardly and then fell into its
place.
Tlie Venezuelan "Navy."
When one considers the strained relations
existing between this country and Venezuela
over the battling asphalt interests, it seems
rather strange to think that the entire navy
of the Venezuelan republic has been at the
port of New York within the last few days
and left for home. This is the case, none the
less so because the entire navy nf Venezuela
consists of a single vessel, and that this
vessel was formerly the private yacht of a
New York millionaire, George J. Gould. The
converted cruiser Restaurado was until re
cently the steam yacht Atlanta. In the fall
Mr. Gould gave an opticn on his yacht to the
Colombian government, and the latter de
posited several thousand dollars as earnest
money, but the revolution in the United States
of Colombia prevented a consummation of the
deal, and when the option expired Mr. Gould
resumed possession. Colombia's enemy,
Venezuela, then opened negotiations, secured
the yacht, transformed it into a cruiser,
armed it fully, and on Thursday last, under
the command of Capcain Jeremiah Merlthew,
it sailed for La Guayra. Captain Merlthew
was once in the United States transport ser
vice, but left it after a court martial. He
says he will now delivere the Restaurador to
President Castro of Venezuela, but whether
he will remain with the cruiser or not de
pends upon the Venezuelan government. He
will remain ifMbe government there wants
■him.
The "Rat Tails." '
As the season for racing on the Metro
politan turf circuit approaches horsemen are
the- more closely looking out for thorough
bred yearlings for prospective champions. In
this search it is interesting to note the desire
of horsemen for youngsters with "rat tails."
This has long been takc-n as an indication of
unusual prowess, and there are many long
hqaded and hard-headed trainers who place
the greatest belief in a yearling that has
a tail skimpy and bare at th.* base. Suoh
tails are what horsemen generally style "rat
tails" and it is remarkable what a number
of our race horses have been born with such
an appendage. A glance at the famous recers
of the last ten years shows that there have
been numerous good reasons on which to base
the idea. A.sextet of the greatest thorough
breds, Hanover, Spendthrift, the imported
Wagner, Disguise 11., Hamburg and Kingston
were all "rat tails" at the youngest period
of their careers. Hamburg, the greatest of
this group, had a most pronounced '"rat tail,"
even to-day being strikingly marked in that
respect. This peculiarity of the horse led
John E. Madden, acknowledged to be one of
the cleverest judges of horsemen in this
country, to buy the great star as a weanling.
Maddens superstition in that case stood him
in good stead, for Humburg won him $70,000
in stakes and purses and was subsequently
sold for $65,000. —\. N. A. '
THE GARTER FOR "BOBS"
Lord Roberts will be the new Knight, of the
Garter, filling the vacancy caused by th?
death of the Duke of Argyle. The Duke of
Cambridge is the doyen of the order, having
been Invested by William IV. in 1835. The
senior of the ordinary knights is Lord Fitz
williams, who received the blue ribbon from
Lord Palraerston in 1863.
The Troubles of the Smiths.
Denver Republican.
"Haox" Smith of Georgia is talking about
reorganizing the democracy, and F. Hopkin
son Smith wants reorganize all the "Uncle
Tom's Cabin" companies and rewrite the
book. Evidently the Smith brothers have the
Star reform vaudeville team on the circuit.
Those Pretty Treasury Girls
.-••-.. -. ■■■- -. ■ ■■*»*--■-■■ ■ . ■ -....,'.■-' ( „. * j ■ *
T BY MARGARET SULLIVAN BURKE. _„,."
•'.;'". "■ '' :;•'. ."'::' s Copyright, 1901, by Authors' Syndicate.', ; -..;^
, "Violets!" said Mis» Mildmay; "where did you get them?"
• i - "Now you-are asking a question that would have ruined my promotion, for I
should : have lost a hundred credits on it." ""' ..,•.., . . •'■*&&§}
| "That is r the cream of the joke," interrupted Miss Morton; "for every' morning
brings a bouquet addressed to Mrs. Lucia Drummond, and ntrbody knows why he /
sends them." " .// v ■'„,-, "■ '■ ■■'■ ■• •-■-; »-.',-..■ '■>■■■/' ■')'.«• ..;• ■ ■:' ■ -■':
"Why, how romantic! ■■'. Aren't you curious about it, Mrs. Drummond?" ' ,
, "I was at first; but one gets used to almost anything in Washington, and now 1
begin to take it as a matter of course, and' I should miss, them very much should they
cease coming.". And Mistress Lucia looked lovingly at the scented blossoms with
eyes of the selfsame hue, a soft flush coming into her cheek, that had paled from the
long winter's work in the treasury department. . ;,:
"Oh! but she, is a sly cat"; said Mr. Paul Pry, another clerk in the same room,
as Miss - Mildmay seated herself at a desk next to his.
"What do you mean? You mystify me, for she seems as open as the day."
"You ladies are so delightfully credulous," sneered he. "But do you suppose for
a moment that a man is going to send. expensive winter flowers to a lady for months
and never seek to know more of her? Miss Mildmay, you are new here, and I would
advise you to look out about -your intimacies." Mrs. Drummond had declined this
man's attentions In their earliest acquaintance. •',* '.;- -." /\ ' • > .
"I think I know how to take car© of myself," said Miss Mildmay, slapping over
the leaves of her ledger with rather unnecessary energy. "He would be Just as
ready. to hint against me," she thought. .1 : / •■'. ■■■
But alas Mr. Paul; Pry's hints did not fall on such, cold ears, in every instance,
and after awhile Mrs. Drummond began ; to notice averted faces as she passed; she
in her innocence, never suspected the cause; and the flowers of her unknown friend
were her greatest comfort when Misses Mildmay * and Morton were almost her only
friends to* the office. '* * {\ *V •'■ _r '~ t -
"Oh, I wonder what I have done!" she cried in the privacy of her home (a room in.
a house where rooms were to let), but in; public she kept a brave, bright face,..and
appeared not to notice. A complaint was carried even to the secretary about the
discredit to the office, etc., but he dismissed it summarily.
Mrs. Drummond was made a widow by the fortunes of war,'and "Uncle Sam"
adopted her as a protege by giving her a place-in the public service. She was one
of the few handsome women in the departments at Washington, that have been mani
folded by popular report into the myth about the "pretty treasury girls," which a
deluded public has so long accepted as history. .;..'■
It was a holiday for the department people. The excursion boat went steaming
down the Potomac, bearing a crowd of people. Miss Mildmay had persuaded Mrs.
Erummond to go, and the two were sitting on the bow of the boat, when Miss Mild
may saw an acquaintance approaching, accompanied by a tall, dignified-looking man.
A plentiful sprinkling of gray in his luxuriant hair proclaimed him already past the
meridian of life; but time had only added intellectual graces to the lines of beauty
in his strong face. Something told Lucia that he was coming to be introduced to
her, so that she felt no surprise when, merely greeting Miss. Mildmay, he passed
around to her side, and stood with his hands on the back or her chair till a change
in the crowd allowed him a seat beside her. It was Representative Richard Starifleld,
a man of unusual ability, and a large income. ' " "V"
"The roses you wear are drooping early in the day," he remarked, pointing to
a corsage bouquet of the rarest rosebuds. -.. •
"They are not perfectly fresh," she replied, "they were sent me by a friend yes
terday." . '..
A curious look was on Mr. Stanfield's face as she said "by a friend"; but he went
on: "I would like to get you some better ones. I saw some for sale below. But I
presume you think too much of those to exchange them for the gift of a new ac
quaintance?"
; "To the contrary, I would be very glad to have fresher ones"; she said, and a
fleeting look, that seemed like disappointment, came into the fine eyes that watched
her as she flung the faded, flowers overboard. ..--.
--"Will you, go with me and choose your flowers, then?" he asked, gently. She
consented, and, excusing themselves to the others, they, departed. . ■-■ -■ ; ; ■
3 "He lis evidently hard hit,"' said the friend who introduced him. . "I saw him
when I first, came aboard, watching her face like a play; and as soon as he saw me
bow to you, he entered; into an unusually friendly talk, arid it was quite amusing
to see his maneuveres till I offered to introduce him."
On the deck below Mr.Stanfield was saying: "You are not very sentimental, I
imagine, or else the friend who sent you those flowers has failed to get a place for
his offering on the altar of your heart." • \ ' ■• • .. , .. ,
"You mistake in both," she replied;; "for I think I am rather given to sentiment.
But it is impossible to keep one's feelings at tropical heat all the time, and I re
ceive those flowers every day. When a thing becomes common, it is hard on senti
ment, you know." A swift look of pain. flashed across his expressive face, to be fol
lowed by an open gleam of satisfaction as she went on: "But to be candid, those
flowers are so dear to me that I should miss them sadly should they come no more."
From that time the flowers, ceased as mysteriously as they began.
"Your horticultural lover, is dead, I presume," laughed Miss Morton, a week or
two. afterward. •
"Or the agricultural department may have created a corner on seeds, you know,"
said Miss Mildmay. "Or his member refused him an order."
But Lucia never hinted that bouquets had, come to her home several times since
the excursion, from the Hon. Richard Stanfield. And she hardly admitted even to
herself that she found a posy from this tangible some one far more delightful than
the tormenting daily gift that left her continually in doubt.
*****
"Violets!" said Lucia in delighted tones the following spring, as Mr. Stanfleld
presented the first of the season. "The last violets I had were from my unknown
friend." . . ;■'.■■ . „ ;
"What friend?" asked he in apparent surprise. , . .... 1 . „
"Of course, you would not remember," said she, "but I told you about it, the day
we met." ; : ..."'''.-" . :'-Vr' "*" -....-,. . „ . .
"And you threw his last bouquet into the river, that day/, interrupted ; Mr. Stan
fleld. ."■■'" •r^a.'.^i'-; ;■;/->/ ..:--- :•■■:■,-:- ■ . .
"Why, how did you know?" asked she, astonished. Then blushing a vivid red, as
she met the conscious look in his eyes: "Oh," catching her breath as the truth
dawned upon her. " ■. . , • .-,;: „■,; - ; r. f. ;
• "I though I would make them less, common, you know, and find if sentiment
would better thrive thereby. Has it?" •" J * ' t f' '•■'-*
"You were cruel," she said, in a trembling voice; "for I feared that I had, some
how, offended a friend." ' * ". ""rr.
"But you haven't,, you see," said he, his : heart strangely divided against. itself,
thrilling joyously at the thought that all this time, in the unknown, she had been
cherishing him, and yet jealous of himself, because she could not do so after he
became "the unknown." . •
"Lucia, tell me all about it, for it makes me horribly unhappy to think you
could regret some one else, even if he does turn out to be myself."
"To tell the truth," said she, "it seemed only half a loss, for I always felt that
you had come in his place. I suppose that was because 'you sent 'flowers/ too; ~ and
they seemed far sweeter when I knew who sent them." •:
"Was that all the reason?" he whispered.
"What other reason could I have, Mr. Stanfleld?" ' * ' '
"Oh, Lucia, be above it. Be your own true, candid self. Years ago. I knew a little
woman who looked like the spring; to your summer; we loved each other" —Lucia
started, and involuntarily put out her hand, he took it in his own and said: •"Come,
love! you have nothing to fear; she is dead long since., and my affection for you. is
01 summer intensity to that vernal sentiment." . ' '.T-* • - -
For hours they sat in happy communion, and Mr. Stanfleld told her how he had
seen her, but knew of no mutual friend who could perform the necessary introduc
tion. Yet the strange, sweet feeling in his heart compelled him to do something
to make her happier, ; while he watched for a chance. that would make them known to
each other. - . : . ■ , . "*. . . .■:".;.
When congress adjourned the Hon. Richard Stanfield took a bride to his home,
and department life lost one of "the pretty . treasury girls." . .
"There are few like her in this building. I can tell you," said Mr. Paul Pry,
with his thumbs in the armholes of his vest; "and for my part, I am glad to see her
escape from such contaminating associations." » \ ; . • •'
"It would be well to marry them all off to congressmen, then,", said ; Miss Mild
may, "for according to your former opinions, I presume that must have effected a
startling change in Lucia's case."
And right there and then occurred a phenomenon in nature. Mr. Paul Pry act
ually blushed.
CLARA MORRIS OX WILIyES BOOTH
Clara Morris, in some reminiscences of
John Wilkes Booth, In McClure'a Magazine,
notes a few kindly acts of the Adonis of the
stage, and tells us how she played the
statuesque in "The Marble Heart" and how
Wilkes Booth arranged her drapery for her
most deftly. She remembers what many oth
ers can recall of the gala days of Booth's
fame, how women of all grades of society
fell in love with the handsome fellow. "At
depot restaurants those fiercely unwilling
maiden slammers of tin plates and shooters
of coffee cups, made to him swift and gentle
offerings of hot steaks, hot biscuits, hot
coffee —crowding about him like doves about
a grain basket, leaving other travelers to
wait upon themselves or go without refresh
ment. At the hotels, maids had been known
to enter his room and tear asunder the al
ready made-up bed, that the 'turn-over'
might be broader by a thread or two, and
both pillows slant at the perfectly correct
angle. At the theater—good heaven! As
the sunflowers turn upon their stalks to fol
low the beloved sun, so, old and young, our
faces smiling turned on him."
She goes on to tell about the myriads of
love letters Wilkes got from women, and says
he really did cut off the signatures and de
stroy them! Clara writes a good deal about
Booth's final tragedy—the shooting of Lin
coln —which shocked the profession terribly,
but she says she "cannot believe that John
Wilkes Booth was the leader of a band of
bloody conspirators," a* charged, and she
proceeds to offer a word of defense. But she
does not believe the worst about him, for the
woman's rather illogical reason that she
doesn't want to believe that!
A HUNDRED YEARS' GROWTH
Tn 1500 the total revenue of the United
States government was $10,848,000. For 1899
it was $515,652,000. During the same period
the total value of all the real and personal
property in the United States has increased
flftyfold, being now estimated at $100,000,000.
--000.
STEAM PATROL WAGON
Hartford's new steam patrol wagon, cost
ing $2,500, weighs 3,000 pounds and la oper
ated at an expense of 2^ centa a mile. It is
of twelve-houge power and runs from fifteen
to twenty miles an hour. In five minutes 200
pounds of steam can be generated from, cold
water.
PROGRESS OF MUNICIPAL REFORM
In some notes on "A Year's Municipal De
velopment" in the American Journal of
Sociology, Professor Clinton Roger* WoodrufT
takes a cheerful view of the progress of
municipal reform, th« new century begin
ning with 119 national municipal leagues on
the roll of affiliated members and a grand
total of 465 devoting all or a part of their
time to the study of the municipal problem.
This Is a remarkable development of in
terest in the subject, when it Is reca!leS
that the organized movement began only ia
1594. Professor Woodruff places California.
Minnesota and Wisconsin ir% the lead in.
charter reform. San Francisco's new char-*
ter has been tested for a year with what ho
describes as satisfactory results, which have
stimulated other cities in the. state to take
steps to secure n«w and modern charters.
In Minnesota, Mr. Woodruff says, the whole
movement has been a healthy and hopeful one
and it augurs well for the future. He com
mends the constitutional amendment permit
ting the framing of home riile charters under
which the local courts are authorized to ap
point, upon petition, a commission to draft
and submit a charter at a special election
where four-sevenths vote Is necessary for
adoption. Minneapolis has twice tried to get
a charter thus and. failed,, but the professor
regards the deep interest generaOy taken
in the subject as most promising. In Wis
consin he finds the prospect most hopeful
for municipal improvement as the reform
movement is well and intelligently organ
ized. lowa has authorized the appointment
of a municipal code commission. Municipal
reform is the indispensable condition of local
self government. Government of a city by
legislative action bids fair to- disappear ere
many years pass. Chicago: The University
of Chicago Press.
i ■
How Tanner 'Escaped.
Washington. Post.
When John R. Tanner decided to get out
of that Illinois senatorial fight he didn't wait
for the elevator. He simply jumped off th«
roof.
What Cleveland Did Nat Say.
New York Mail and Express.
Mr. Cleveland might also have remarked
that a tadpole will never be the same again
after it has evoluted into a deep-VOiced bull*
frojr

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