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LUCIAN SWIFT, I J. S. McLAIN,
MANAGES. . EDITOR
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Eddy and Ship Subsidy
Congressman Eddy tells The Jour
nal that he has had so many letters of in
quiry -with regard to the chip subsidy bill,
and his position witJbt respect to it, that he
wants to state his views concerning
Bhip subsidies in general and the Hanna
bill in particular, and then he proceeds to
give The Journal a thousand words
of that good, common-sense which we are
accustomed to get from Mr. Eddy.
P. M. Eddy is not a noisy man In con
gress, but lie makes about as few mistakes
on public questions as any of them, and,
In the main, on this proposition, he is
sound. He doesn't hesitate to character
ize the Hanna bill as a "Job," and to say
that he will fight it as hard as he can in
its present form. He intimates, however,
that he regards this matter of a ship sub
sidy a-good deal as if it were the applica
tion of the principle of protection to an
American industry, and calls attention to
the fact that not many ventures in a man
ufacturing line, calling for the investment
of large capital, would be obliged to 6tart
so thoroughly unprotected from foreign
competition as a venture in the shipbuild
ing line. And on this basis he justifies a
subsidy of moderate amount for the bene
fit of shipbuilding. He is specific as to
this, and would cut off the benefit of sub
sidies from all foreign-built or foreign
owned ships, and employ whatever subsidy
is paid solely for the encouragement of
American shipbuilding. The reader is re
ferred to Mr. Eddy's interview in another
column for a fuller statement of his posi
If any ship subsidy can be justified at
all it must be justified solely on the basis
on which Mr, Eddy approves; that is, that
it be- conferred upon shipbuilding, and, we
•Would add, tonnage capacity or tonnage
carried. But it seems to The Journal
that the justification of ship subsidies,
even on the grounds suggested, is not yet
beyond question. Admitting that it would
be greatly to the advantage of this country
to have our foreign commerce carried in
American ships, the justice of spending
public money to encourage shipbuilding,
when the condition of that industry is
6uch as it is to-day, is a proposition which
does not seem to have been clearly estab
lished. The American shipbuilding indus
try is not a struggling industry. It is not
Infantile. It is not handicapped by con
ditions of supply and cost of material, sup
ply and cost of skill. The fact is the ca
pacity of our shipbuilding industry for
successful competition with the ship
builders of the world is not thoroughly ap
Marine Engineering, a New York pa
per devoted largely to the shipbuilding
industry, called attention some six months
ago ia a very striking way to the condi
tion of shipbuilding in America by issuing
a little pamphlet under the title "Fifteen
Miles of New Vessels." It referred to the
year 1900 as the beginning of the revival
of the American merchant marine. The
shipbuilding capacity of the country had
been doubled in the previous eighteen
months, and yet all the yards had a large
amount of work in hand and in sight. This
is in striking contrast to the condition of
things three years previous when there
was scarcely a new merchant ship on the
stocks on the Atlantic coast, and nothing
but repair jobs to keep the ship yards
from closing up. The same is true as to
the Pacific coast, showing that general
prosperity, the growth of the foreign trade,
the demand for ships for the purpose of
carrying that trade, have filled all the ship
yards with orders and made the ship
building industry as prosperous as any
other in this country.
And this without waiting for any subsi
dies and without needing the protection to
rrtrhich Mr. Eddy refers to call it into ac
; During the years of business de
pression our shipbuilding fell off along
with other lines of business, Few steam
vessels and fewer sailing vessels were
built. But during the year 1900, ten
steamships, aggregating 81,600 tons, were
under construction for the foreign trade;
45 steamers, of 76,000 tons, for the coast
wise service, and 30 steamers, varying
from 1,200 to 8,000 tons each, for lake
traffic. This, with many smaller vessels
being built, aggregated over 506,000 tons
under construction by the middle of 1900.
The Newport yards alone, a year ago, had
under construction, to say nothing of the
Urge amount in preparation in the draft-
ing-rooms, 102,680 tons, of which 52,600
was merchant marine, while the Cramps'
yard, not including the prospective work
in the drafting-room, had 89,865 tons. 66,
--000 of which was for the merchant service.
Now these figures may mean little or
nothing except by comparison. Let ub
see how they compare. The world's rec
ord for tonnage built in one year in any
ship yard is held by Harland & Wolff, of
Belfast. Ireland, who, in 1897. built 84,204
tons. The Clyde record was made by Rus
sell & Co., with 52,462 tons, and the Eng
lish record by Win. Gray & Co., with 77,
--501 tons. That means that the yards at
Newport News and Cramps' yard are the
biggest shipbuilding institutions in the
world, and have beaten the records on
the Clyde, at Belfast and everywhere for
a single year's work, counted on the basis
of total tonnage.
The Marine Engineering says of this
The growth of any industry could scarcely
present a more striking contrast than that
of shipbuilding in this country three years
ago, when near the zero mark, and to-day.
If all the new vessels which are now (July,
1900) under construction in the seacoast
yards, were afloat, stem touching stern, thej
would make a solid line about twelve miles
in length, and if the ships built en the
great lakes and inland water 3 were added,
they would stretch the line to fifteen miles.
This, we remark again, is not an Infant
industry. Furthermore, it has not been
standing idle waiting: for congress to ap
propriate money for its benefit. And
while. If congress is to go on a search for
places to spend public money, a subsidy
would doubtless stimulate shipbuilding
considerably, there is in this statement
of facts incontrovertible proof, to our
mind, that the shipbuilding industry, if
left alone, will go forward as rapidly as
it may be safely increased, consistently
with a healthy and solid growth.
Certainly, if any one should be disposed
to favor governmental aid it might be ex
pected that such a position would be as
sumed by a newspaper representa
tive in a larger sense of the shipbuilding
industry. But Marino Engineering evi
dently sees no necessity for the distribu
tion of public money among American
shipbuilders, for it says that in view
Of such marvelous development, and in a
country with such brains, mechanical skill,
financial capacity, cheap raw material, and
such a positive necessity for a merchant
marine, who dares question that the United
States will at once take first rank as a ship
building nation, and in each year from now
on the 600,000 new tonnage of 1900 will be
the annual increase over the previous year?
And all this without waiting for any
artificial aids of any kind, whether of
subsidy, or protection, but solely on the
basis ot legitimate demand and unsubsi
dized ability to supply it.
Mr. Willard is pretty smooth himself.
A seven thousand dollar place and not a
single politician even suspected him.
Mr. Babcock and Protection
"We sincerely hope that Congressman
Babcock is not a "young-man-afraid-of
his-horses." He has no doubt received a
good deal of pounding from members of
his own party since he introduced his bill
to remove the duties on iron and steel and
put the products of the great steel combine
on the free list.
There are republicans who regard our
system of protection a good deal as the
African regards a fetish. It isn't the prin
ciple alone that becomes sacred, even the
schedules are held to be inviolable and
dire disaster is expected to follow any at
tempt to change them in any particular.
But, happily, that sentiment is now not
often met with. Even among high protec
tionists the idea is gaining ground that the
system of protection exists for the benefit
of the country and not the country
and the system for the benefit
of the protected. Mr. Babcock is certainly
in line with the intelligent sentiment of
the country when he proposes to put on
the free list the products of this giant in
dustry, which competes successfully in all
the markets of the world, even against
discriminating duties. By doing bo
Mr. Babcock may continue to be
a protectionist, upholding and sup
porting the principle although exercising
intelligent and patriotic discrimination as
to its application. He is now, however,
protecting the people rather than the in
dustry, which has outgrown any necessity
for such protection, and which has shown
itself quite capable of abusing the privil
eges and advantages which the protective
system have afforded it.
Having had the courage to present a bill
intended to remove a duty which, because
there are no imports, produces no revenue,
and the only effect of which is to aid a
great manufacturing industry to charge
more for its products at home than it does
abroad, it is to be hoped that he will have
the sand to stand by his proposition, for
certainly that is the proposition which is
going to win in the long run, and Mr. Bab
cock might as well have the credit, and
deserve it, of leading his party into a posi
tion which it is bound to take some day,
whether willingly or by force of circum
The Kansas Way
The abandonment of legal methods by
the prohibitionists of Kansas and the em
ployment of the hatchet and the battering
ram, Instead of legally constituted means,
to suppress the liquor traffic in Kansas is
producing Its legitimate results. The re
sort to violence and mob methods by so
called temperance people, following the
example of Mrs. Nation, is producing a
state of things in some towns in that
state little short of anarchy. The saloon
men have retaliated and it is now a test
of strength between violence on one side
and violence on the other, to the shame
and embarrassment of all good citizens.
The cause of temperance has nothing to
gain by the Nation policy, but everything
to lose, and it is losing it fast. The
longer this reign of violence continues in
Kansas the more it emphasizes. the fail
ure of state prohibition as a means of
regulating men's appetites. And it is the
appetite which puts the saloon into Kan
sas and nothing else. As long as the ap
petite exists it will be there.
Ex-Senator Gilbert A. Pierce died this
morning at the age of 65 years. Mr. Pierce
has been prominent in politics and in
newspaper work for a good many years.
The story of his life is told in the news
columns to-day, and The Journal
Wishes to say a word of tribute of respect
to the memory of a man who through long
years of life made conspicuous by his pub
lic and professional engagements, main
tained an honorable record and leaves to
his children the heritage of a good name.
Gil Pierce, as he was familiarly known,
was a man of excellent ability, and, as a
newspaper man, efficient both in executive
and editorial work. He began his public
service as a soldier and rose to the rank
of colonel. He was taken from active
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAH
newspaper work by President Harrison to
fill the office of territorial governor of
Dakota, and oa the organization of North
Dakota was honored by the people of that
state by being chosen one of the first sen
ators. On the expiration of his senatorial
term he returned to newspaper work, be
coming editor of the Tribune in this city.
But failing health made it necessary for
him to surrender a task which was too
heavy for him. He never fully recov
ered his* strength and though a man nat
urally of vigorous and active mind was of
late compelled by reason of ill health to
limit his efforts to a much narrower sphere
than he jvould otherwise have chosen. His
home at the time of his death was in Chi
cago but he is mourned by a large circle of
friends in this city and the northwest.
Bird's*eye Indefatigable industry and
Dion nf lhe knowledge that etfables
view oj him to gleze the golden
J.P.Morgan opportunity just when it is
ripening and while the
other party is waiting for it to drop, are
among the characteristics of J. Pierpont
Morgan. Externally Mr. Morgan is a tallish
man, with growing abdominal development,
brown eyes and carbuncled nose, yellow skin
and "an address of grim lncislveness." He
belongs to the intense type of American
living the strenuous life, exulting In it and
prepared to sniil? out of existence anyone
who cherishes other Ideals. So ruary-stdod
is Mr. Morgan that we have as many diverse
sketches of the man as there are people who
have attempted what is rather unpleasantly
called "writing him up."
Mr. Morgan is a good type of what might
be called the financial Roosevelt. "Seizing
the mighty prizzly bear in his tremendous,
grasp," writes the correspondent-on-the-spot,
"Mr. Roosevelt held th? struggling animal
aloft in the air until he starved to death."
So Mr. Morgan seizes the transcontinental
railroad and holds it away from its torminal
point until it ceases to struggle. All this
is done without effort. There is no vulgar
display of knotted muscles and perspira
In reality the soul already possesses all
there is, but it does not clearly see it, and
it desires to make the assurance doubly sure
by obtaining the symbols thereof. This
mighty thought is pictured out clearly in
every incident of Mr Morgan's life. Loving
dogs, but not satisfied with an American dog
simply, Mr. Morgan must possess the best
dog in the world. To satisfy this longing
Mr. Morgan's kennels are crowded with im
ported $100,000 pups with brass medals and
pedigrees running back to the dog that Noah
took into the ark. Yet if Mr. Rockefeller
buys a $150,000 dog, to Mr. Morgan his own
dogs become merely sausage meat and the
world is ransacked for a $200,000 dog. Of
course it is found. Nearly everybody knows
of a dog owned by his neighbor that he would
freely give $200,000 to have carried as far
away as New York.
The same is true of books. The ordinary
book is no book to Mr. Morgan. It mtist be
"a folio of 1623" or something absolutely
unique, something that will make the British
museum lie awake nights. As to bindings
Mr. Morgan is particular. No goat ever cul
tivated too fine a skin to furnish his mor
occo; no gold decoration is too elaborate; but
let Mr. J. J.Hill obtain a finer or more unique
copy and away goes Mr. Morgan's library to
the second-hand store. Among the unique
manuscripts secured by Mr. Morgan is the
list kept by Noah, in his own handwriting,
of the animals that went into the ark, this
list containing the check marks made by the
patriarch. He also has an autograph copy of
the almanac in which Caesar looked up the
ides of March to see on what days they would
It is unnecessary to go into all the lines
of business or pleasure carried out by this
colossus of modern achievement. But he
stands as a living example to all young
Americans of a man who has become so
neatly caught in the web of affairs that he
cannot let go even if he wants to.
The same is true of Mr. Rockefeller. Hav
ing secured what is called on the plains a
"tailholt" on existence, it is unsafe to
cling on, but it is a thousand times unsafer
to let go. One of the old poets told of a
man of a contented mind who "having noth
ing, yet had all." There is another type of
mind which "having everything, yet has
Possibly Mr. Morgan has not secured this
"tailholt" without having some "lettiug-go"
places—some nice soft spots—carefully picked
out. If so, so much the better.
In any event Mr. Morgan's life is full of
lessons, useful and otherwise, but you will
have to pick them out for yourself. \te
charge extra for morals.
Alexander Graham Bell, special agent of
the census bureau, reports that there are
111,000 deaf mutes in the United States. There
are a great many more than that who "can't
hear" when they are touched for a five.
The new king unbosomed a three-fourths
of-a-column speech. He has several laps to
spare compared with a presidential message,
but perhaps Edward desires to have his
The etate of Michigan is preparing to plant
317,000,000 fish in Lake Michigan. Among all
these, that one "that got away" will continue
to be the largest.
Everybody seems to agree, despite his
death, that ex-King Milan was one of the
meanest old scoundrels that ever got into
the king row.
Some lady doctor is giving it out that the
man who stays at home evenings never
catches the grip. It might pay to try it
It seema pretty clear that the city ought
to get some fines out of some of the Day-
Hamilton witnesses as drunks and disorder
Chicago ia disinfecting some of the books
in the public library. The contents of a good
many of them need the cleansing fires.
If you will get it thoroughly into your mind
that the grip leaves town after Feb. 15 you
will get well on the 16th. Try it.
In about one minute after Mrs. Nation
geta back she will quiet down papa, who is
now threatening to secede.
The national convention of tailors at Phil
adelphia declared Raglan overcoats in bad
form. Don't be bluffed.
Another gentleman in khaki found D» Wet
and has neglected: to come back.
Don't forget to order a Bartoon book be
fore they are gone.—Adv.
The old-fashioned winter man has thrown
up his job.
A Beauty Spot.
To the Editor of The Journal.
Minneapolis has much to be proud of in
the superior architecture of her public and
private buildings, and in the system of parks
and boulevards, with the chain of lakes in
cluded, and the whole finished off by romantic
Minnehafra. The old settlers who have seen
the natural beauties of the city aug-umented
by artificial aids, are Justly proud of *the
result; but not all the opportunities for
beautifying the city have been improved.
In the northeastern party of the city, on the
brow of the elevation near the reservoir,
reached by the stret railway and the Soo
railroad, are several hundred acres of un
occupied land, from the summit of which
the eye may wander over the city below and
over the most fertile parts of Hennepin and
Anoka counties —a most beautiful parorama.
The pine and other forest 3of Minnesota at
the present rate of destruction will soon be
only a memory. Would it not, therefore, bf
a fortunate thing if a green crown cf conifers
could be placed on the brow of this hill. In
summer or winter this cluster of dark green
could be seen from twenty to thirty miles
in different directions, and heightening the
beauty of the landscape. The plantation
should be fully illustrative of all the ever
greens that grow and thrive in Minnesota,
together with all the trees of our Minnesota
forests. I make this suggestion In the hope
that our authorities, who are charged with
maintaining and extending our splendid park
system, may be moved to consider it.
—J. S. Hawkins.
If She Only Knew.
The Empress of China -would probably like
civilization better if she knew more about
automobile coats and pink tea*
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1 . m v^-h.. _-. _ ift *^*** -.—. — - i. i ■ M HHTm B^pfr^mALiiff ■'■ «■
REV. DR. NEWELL DWIGHT HILLIS, THE BRILLIANT BROOKLYN DIVINE WHO
WILL CONTRIBUTE TO THE ARTICLES IN "THE CURRENT TOPICS CUB,"
TO COMMENCE IN THIS PAPER NEXT MONDAY.
■♦*•♦ ••■•.• • ..■•.._»..-♦^.. ... . .....-♦,..♦...»,.,. , «,«.« —»■».«.,.»...,......_.♦,.■«......■♦■..
"The Singing Girl," at tne Metro
Alice Nielsen, the young comic opera star
who sang her way straight into the hearts of
Minneapolitans two years ago, returned last
night to repeat her triumph. With every
thing in her favor, youth, beauty, talent and
health, the artist had the further Inspiration
to noble effort of a magnificent audience that
more than filled the spacious Metropolitan.
But of Miss Nielsen anon.
The opera of "The Singing Girl" must be
examined from two different points of view.
The librettist has done well, "but how has
he done well?" Not by constructing a story
that commends itself to the judgment. It is
light enough, as comic opera stories should
be, but it is unconvincing. From the first
to the last curtain there is an unreality about
it which is not particularly noticeable while
the delicious notes of Herbert are sounding,
but which steals upon the judgment'between
| acts. One is conscious of splendid opportuni
ties for effective ''business" and comical sit
uations which are unimproved in Mr. Smith's
book. But while Mr. Smith's story is noth
ing, the entertainment he has provided is
excellent. Missing the essential ingredient of
interest in his book, he proceeded to make
some entertaining and diverting opportuni
ties for clever comedians. This is a great
achievement in a comic opera. Mr. Smith
employs three star funmakers, Joseph Caw
thorn, Joseph Herbert and John C. Slavin,
and, as if fearful of falling short •in good
measure, he has put funnyisms by the dozen
into the pretty mouth of the prima donna
herself, saucy, girlish, playful little woman
that she is. And how she enjoys these bits
of comedy suggestive of burlesque houses of
the "ten, twenty, thirty" sort, and how the
fashionable Metropolitan audience sat con
vulsed at the innovation. These were "bits,"
in a full, well-rounded, highly meritorious
entertainment, replete with music of a high
Victor Herbert has scored a decided success
in the score of "The Staging Girl,".-a fact
which was plain to the delighted audience
that heard the music last evening. "This is
music," "Nothing trashy about this," "Isn't
it grand?" "I wish I co^ild hear it over a
half dozen times, so I -could fully appre
ciate it," are sample expressions such as were
heard on every hand. The music is first of
all "musicianly," and the stamp of a thor
ough workman is on it all. No trashy jin
gles, that pall upon the ear almost before
the orchestra has indicated their theme, but
real music that swells and grows, blossoms
and blooms in glorious harmonies, such is
the music of Herbert. Of the whistleable
numbers, "Love is Tyrant" perhaps realizes
the greatest possibilities, although there are
many numbers of surpassing beauty, just
difficult enough to be tormentingly elusive.
The story of the opera hinges upon an odd
old law in a certain Austrian town which
has it that if a man is caught kissing a girl
he must straightway marry her. If he re
fuses, he must go to jail. If she will have
none on't, she must to a nunnery. The op
portunities, as was said before, growing out
of this state of things are not taken advan
tage of by the librettist. However, by a sort
of Twelfth Night trick, he induces some fun
ny complications. The singing girl who is
about to be married to the chief of police, a
German sputterer beautifully hit off by Jo
seph Cawthorn, changes clothes with her
highly impossible little brother, and then of
a sudden she is compelled to marry a haugh
ty lady by the duke's command. This Duke
Rodolph, impersonated by Eugene Cowles
of Bostonian fame, is a dignified and potent
officer, whose character is poorly limaed by
the bookmaker, but luckily • Mr. Smith had
nothing to do with the other and more im
portant part of Mr. Cowles' duties. His two
songs are superb, and his clear basso was
never heard in more stirring numbers.
Richie Ling, as Count Otto, the love-lorn
individual seeking '"his beloved," sang in
excellent voice and made a most favorable
impression. He has a pure tenor, not partic
ularly powerful, but sweet and clear and
well adapted for light opera.
Joseph Herbert as an eccentric old prince,
who wants to marry the lady of quality m
the opera, is a very laughable character, anl
bis songs and jink-jinks were well receive!
Cawthorn and Slavin ably assisted him, the
latter"s acrobatic maneuvers keeping the au
dience in a continual uproar. The "chair"
song of this trio in the last act was one of
the richest things ever seen oa the local
The great charm of "The Singing Girl" is ,
the charm that attaches to the personality
of a sweet, talented girl. The audience felt
allured by the song of Miss Nielsen in the
second act. It was one of those pure soprano
efforts, bird-like and melodious, that held the
audience breathless during that portion of it
where the young artist capered before the
footlights, her forceful, magnetic personality
imposed on her audience. "The Singing Girl"
ruled like a wizard the world Of the heart
in this one effort.
The distinguishing thing about the opera is
the magnificent work of the company and
orchestra. Not a false note, not an imperfect
attack was noticeable. The company carries
Its own fine orchestra and does not depend on
hasty, inadequate rehearsals by local musi
cians. The result is a well-nigh perfect ren
dition of the music as the composer designed
it. The ensemble effects produced were
poured forth full and clear as from a golden
throated cornet in the hands of a master. In
nearly all of the songs, the well-trained cho
rus swelled the volume of harmony.
Another feature of the opera which de
serves special mention was the superb cos
tuming. The chorus, big, good-looking and
talented* showed like a costly painting in the
handsome second act, where the wedding fes
tivities are celebrated. No prettier r effects
would seem to be possible with'light and
color adorning the female form divine. The
male chorus is composed of tall men, who,
dressed in the rich caparisons of the* German
soldiery, made bright pictures.
Frank L. Parley, manager of the com
pany, will shortly take the present company
to Europe, and it will be billed as "the first
light opera comp&ny of the world." Judging
from the magnificent work of "The Singing
Girl" people last evening, Mr. Perley'e proud
boast ia not vain. —W, A. D.
Next week something out of the ordinary
is promised at the Metropolitan. It is the
magnificent production of Sardou's "Theo
dora." The title role calls for the portrayal
of pretty nearly every human emotion, and is
played by Mrs. Minnie Tittle Brune, one of
the most ' charming women and finished
actresses of the decade. The costuming is
especially picturesque and costly. There is
among the special features a four-horse
Romam standing race, in which Mrs., Brune
perilously participates, standing- over two
horses, with a foot on each. The horses run.
on machines and with the aid of a panorama
appear to progress at a terrific speed.
But three more performances remain of the
•«nga#««Hent at the Bijou of Frederick Warde.
To-night "Richelieu" will be the bill. For
the Saturday afternoon matinee, Mr. Warde
will repeat "Hamlet." His impersonation is
much commented upon as a consistent and
artistic characterization. The curtain will
rise promptly at 2:15. For the final per
formance on Saturday evening, the bill will
be "Othello," and instead of appearing in
the title role, as on Tuesday evening, Mr.
Warde will present the role of lago and
Walter Bentley will be cast as Othello.
Fulgora's Star Specialty company, a com
bination embracing the best of European and
American novelty and talent, a rare array of
good things, will be at the Bijou next week.
Kara, a famous European juggler, who per
forms the most bewildering and graceful
feats, will create a sensation. Another im
portant feature is Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Sid
man, artistic delirieators of refined rural
comedy, who will present "A Bit of Real
Life." Tom Lewis and Sam J. Ryan, whose
delineations of legitimate and negro comedy
are gems, are sure of a rousing welcome.
Brothers Herne, in "Substitution," have a
most mystifying act. Polk and Kollins are
accomplished banjo players. Zeb and Zar
row appear in a sensational bicycle act.
Edna Collins, the phenomenal whistler, arffl
Hayman and Hayman, character comedians
and originators of illustrated parody songs,
conclude the program.
New York Daily Letter.
BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL,
No. 21 Park Row.
Mr. Carnegie's Fntnre.
Feb. 15.—Andrew Carnegie is counting on
being able to spend a million a month in pub
lic benefactions, as soon as the big steel
deal, involving his interests, is settled. Then
he will have nothing to do but enjoy life in
his not too elaborate style, and to contribute
to the construction of innumerable libraries
and similar institutions. Mr. Carnegie's an
nual income from the present Carnegie bonds
foots up a full $5,000,000 a year, his income
from* investments entirely removed from the
steel trade amount to half that sum, while
the Income in prospect from bonds to be
given him for his present controlling inter
est in the stock of the Carnegie company is
expected to reach ?7,500,0w more, giving him
the enormous income of $15,000,000 annually.
Out of this sum, intimates of the great
ironmaster declare he is counting on using
$3,000,000 annually for his personal expenses
and the expenses of his family and associates,
reserving $12,000,000, or a mililon a month for
benefactions. If that rate of expenditures Is
maintained, there will be from fifty to one
hundred new libraries constructed each year
in the United States from Carnegie founda
tions, to say nothing of the number of church
organs that will be installed. And at the
same time there will be no questions aris
ing as to funds to properly conduct the Car
negie home at 5 West Fifty-first street. The
list of libraries and institutions to which
Carnegie money has been contributed within
the last three years is a formidable one, and
yet during that entire period not more than
hart as much money has been donated by
the Scotchman as the annual expenditure he
now has in mind. For many months Mr.
Carnegie has been desirous of throwing off
all responsibilities in connection with the
workings of his great interests and to give
his remaining years entirely to erecting mon
. uments in all parts of the country, so that
the name of Carnegie will long linger after
he has passed away. It is true that Mr. Car
negie has not been obliged to give more than
general attention to the affairs of business,
especially since the election of Charles M.'
Schwab.to be president of the Carnegie com
pany. Nevertheless it has for months been
his ambition to drop everything, and appar
ently he is now in a position to carry out
Us desires. Incidentally, Fifty-first street
will be the Mecca for persons interested in
Wo and the Race Question.
Minister Wu insists upon it that he never
gave'any newspaper man a statement to the
effect that intermarriage of black 3 and
whites would effectually do away with the
race qu«stidn in this country. While at a
dinner of the Silk Association of America
at Delmonico's a couple of nights ago, Wu
took the trouble to leave the banquet table
and devote himself to the newspaper men
present for the sole purpose of destroying
the impression that he stood for any such
sentiments as had been attributed to him
Our unfortunate Chinese minister has been
placed in many difficult positions of late be
cause of statements being either misquoted
or misunderstood by the the American peo
ple. So wary has he become from this, that
at the Silk Association dinner Wu refrained
from making anything of a speech, fearing
he might he miso.uoted. As to the black
and-white interview, he say 3he recently
gave a reporter for a Cleveland paper an
interview, during which the newspaper man
brought up the race question. During the
interview Wu says he told the reporter that
in China the half-castes had the brighter
children, and that there the marriage of
white people to Chinese was regarded favor
ably. The distinguished Chinaman says he
made no remarks about the race question
beyond that, and with his Knowledge of
American customs, would not presume for
an Instant to advise us on such a matter.
Now our celestial after-dinner speaker is
wondering what next he will have to deny.
The Dewey ,4reh.
After many delays, changes and hitches in
the proceedings, it now looks as though New
York would get a permanent edition of the
Dewey arch after all, only it will be called
FKIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 15, 190 L
THE VALUE OF THE DUKE
BY F. K. SCRIBNER.
Copyright 1901 by A. S. Richardson.
Considerable excitement was aroused In social circles of Washington ana xsew
York by the announcement that His Grace Feodor, duke of Moghilev, was about to
visit the United States. The duke was as impecunious as he was blue-blooded, and
as extravagant and dissolute as either. He was closely connected by blood with the
imperial family, and hefd a high court appointment, the salary of which possibly
covered one-fifth the expenses of his establishment. In sixteen years of unparal
leled extravagance he had managed to run through the incomes of his vast en
tailed estates and to mortgage everything mortgageable. Thus his project of an
American tour won the approval of all the friends to whom he confided it, for a rich,
marriage would rehabilitate him.
He sailed from Bremen on the 7th of September, accompanied by half a dozen
personal attendants. On arriving at New York the party proceeded at once to the
hotel, where apartments had been engaged by cable, and his grace shut himself up
in his rooms. At 8 o'clock he dined, and at 10 he again retired, dismissing his valet.
At 10 o'clock the next morning the servant entered with the customary matutinal
chocolate, but the duke was not there. Nor was he anywhere to be found.
The dismay of the hotel proprietor was extreme. The whole hotel was turned
upside down. All the servants were questioned, but none had seen the duke since
last evening. Two detectives came up at once, and an hour later the consul himself
appeared on the scene. The Russian consul-general cabled an account of the strange
disappearance to St. Petersburg, and the minister of foreign affairs in that city sent
a reply to Washington, diplomatically regretting the carelessness of the tJnited Statea
in losing sight of their distinguished guest. To this Secretary Foster replied ia
terms of equal regret for the untoward event, disclaimed all knowledge of the duke's
whereabouts, and declared that everything possible was being done to unravel the
mystery. In fact, fifty Pinkerton and government secret service men were put on
the work, and for three weeks toiled assiduously on this most puzzling case of the
decade—without result. Meanwhile a new sensation filled the newspapers, and the
public forgot to speculate on the duke's fate.
It was just twenty-four days after the arrival of the duke in New York that a
letter, addressed to the minister of the imperial household, was received at tba
government offices in St. Petersburg. His private secretary opened it, and passed it
on to his master. It was typewritten, even to the signature:
"New Orleans, U. S. A., Sept. 31.
"General Count Vorontzoff-Dashkoff, Minister of the Imperial Household and Im
"I have the honor to inform your lordship that we hold the person of his grace
the Duke of Moghilev in our possession, and will surrender him on payment of
one hundred thousand pounds sterling, as follows:
"(1) The money to be paid by draft on the Bank of England made payable to
"(2) The draft to be given to our agent at 10 a. m., Nov. 15, 1894, in room No.
35, Hotel de Luz, Havana, Cuba, together with a safe conduct signed by the minister
of justice, guaranteeing the bearer for twenty-four hours from arrest.
"(3) If these conditions are strictly complied with the duke will be' presented
unharmed five minutes after payment of the ransom. In case of treachery or delay
he will be shot by his guards and full details of the affair communicated to the
American and European press.
—"James Adam Elliot."
It was the last sentence that produced the chief effect. Unquestionably, Duke
Feodor was not worth half a million dollars to any one, but he was the czar's kins
man, and it would never do to have the newspapers all over the world publishing
stories of the emperor's carelessness of the lives of his family.
Six of the cleverest government secret service detectives, with Chief Inspector
Sergius Vortefsky, were sent to Havana. At the same time a picked force of Amer
ican and Spanish detectives was placed at Russia's disposal in America and Cuba.
On the twenty-third day of October a second letter was received in St. Peters
burg from "James Adam Elliot," bearing a Jamaica postage stamp, but no date. It
was typewritten like the first, and simply reiterated the former demands. There was
a note inclosed, however, from the lost duke himself. This brief epistle corroborated
the statements of the typewritten letter, appealed for rescue at any cost, and was
signed in so characteristic a hand that experts pronounced it genuine beyond the
shadow of a doubt.
This seemed to place the actual kidnapping of the duke beyond question, and
Count Vorontzoff-Dashkoff caused a hundred thousand pounds to be deposited in the
Bank of England, and a draft for the amount to be sent to Sergius Vortefsky, in
Havana. A safe conduct was also made out and mailed to the same person, both,
documents arriving on the 13th of November.
As the appointed day grew near the excitement of those engaged in the affair
grew more intense.- The best detectives of three nations had been unable to find
the slightest trace of either the duke or his captors. The Hotel de Luz at Havana
was half filled with police officers in one disguise or another, the Plaza del Vapor
outside was patrolled, and the railroad stations were closely watched.
On the 14th of November the detectives took possession of rooms 34 and 36 on
either side of 35, and bored small observation holes through the dividing partitions.
The window, which was thirty feet above the ground, was commanded by four or five
officers, apparently smoking and lounging on the flat roof of a house across the way.
In the street below were other men keenly alert for any suspicious movement. But
up to 8 o'clock in the evening No. 35 remained empty, though the landlord declared
that it had been engaged by letter some days before.
At half past 8, a tall, sunburnt, black-bearded and roughly dressed man entered
the hotel, and was shown up the spiral stair to No. 35. He had all the appearance of
a planter from the country, and carried a clumsy leather satchel. He was closely
scrutinized by the detectives as he passed, but it was judged inadvisable to risk any
premature action. The stranger at once locked himself into No. 35, lit the gas and
sat down to read a Spanish newspaper, while the officers watched him cat-like
through the gimlet-holes.
At 10 o'clock he went to bed. At 8 a. na. he arose, dressed himself, and pro
ceeded to eat a couple of bananas taken from his valise. Then he again took up
his paper and read for an hour and a half.
At 10, precisely, Sergius and his companions went out into the hall, and knocked
gently at the door of No. 35. It was at once opened slightly, and the stranger peered
"Give me the paper," he said, without hesitation. Sergius handed him the safe
conduct, and the man, after carefully perusing it, came out into the hall, as if sat
"You are punctual," he said in French. "Have you the draft? If so, please give
"Wait a moment!" cautiously replied Sergius. "Where is the duke? When -will
he be here, if I pay you the money? How do we know, in fact, that you have him at
"You don't know it," answered the other. "But give me the draft, and in five
minutes he will be where I stand now."
"And if not ?" said the detective.
"If not, well, you have me well surrounded here, I have no doubt. I swear that
your friend will be given up unharmed on payment of the money—not otherwise."
He held out his hand for the draft, and, after a moment's cogitation on the
justice of the man's remarks, the Russian gave it to him. He immediately retired
to the room again and locked the door, while the detectives hurried back to their
post of observation, and Sergius put his eye to the peep-hole. Accustomed as he was
to duplicity and fraud, what he thus saw almost made him doubt his senses.
The man was standing facing him, in the center of the room. His shaggy, black
hair already lay on the table, in the form of a wig, and he was in the act of taking
off the bushy beard that concealed the greater part of his face. Its removal at once
revealed the unmistakable features of—Duke Feodor!
For a moment that Russian was paralyzed beyond the power of action. Then
the thought flashed through his brain that the foreigners with him must not know
of this national disgrace. If they waited for the appearance of the duke some sus
picions might arise. There were only Russians in No. 36, but with him were two
Americans and a Spaniard. He beckoned to these, and spoke in a whisper.
"Now! Now's our time! Quick!"
"What for?" queried the detectives, naturally surprised.
"To arrest him. Come along!"
"But the safe conduct?"
"Never mind that! I'll be responsible."
He led the men hastily from the room and the dangerous neighborhood of the
The duke was chuckling at the success of his scheme, and was just about to wash
the artificial sunburn from his face and neck when a sudden and insistent knocking
sounded again at the portal. Hurriedly replacing beard and wig, he opened the door
an inch, but it was instantly forced wide, the detectives poured in and the Russian
inspector collared the astonished man. The duke was hustled down the stairs, fol
lowed by the amazed detectives, out to the plaza, and into a cab, with Sergius and
"To the Russian consulate!" cried Sergius, and the vehicle disappeared at a gal
lop around the corner of the hotel.
Late in November the people of two continents were surprised to hear that hia
grace the Duke of Moghilev had reappeared in Havana, and had already sailed for
Europe. In explanation of his disappearance it was officially announced that he had
been engaged on a diplomatic mission requiring the most absolute secrecy, and even
necessitating a disguise. This explanation, however, was almost universally dis
credited by the American press, which rioted once more in murderous Nihilist plots
against the whole Russian imperial family.
the Neval arch Instead of after the gentle
man who poked holes in the pride of Spain
at Manila bay. The project of constructing
a permanent arch in Battery park, to be
used as a sort of gateway to America, is
now in the hands of the Naval Alumni As
sociation's committee, which sonsists of Rear
Admiral Erben, Park Benjamin. Lewis 'Nix
on and Thomas C. Wood. This committee
has suggested to the ctiy that an appropria
tion of $500,000 should be made towards the
arch and Mayor Van Wyck has frankly given
it as his opinion that the city should give
twice that sum for the'purpose, with a like
appropriation from the federal government.
In addition, the mayor has pledged his sup
port for the Battery park site. Already Ad
miral Dewey and the municipal art commis
sion have decided on the site as the best
suited for the arch, and the members of the
commission now consider the rest of their
work to be plain sailing. By placing the
magnificent arch at the place named, it
would be at the junction of two great water
ways—the East and the North rivers—and
could be seen from all parts of the harbor
and bay. Then, too. it will not be dwarfed
by the high buildings adjacent to Battery
park, no matter how high they may be con
structed. The site, with the arch completed,
would make an ideal place for the reception
by the authorities of distinguished visitors
from abroad. A road could be laid out di
rectly from the landing at the waterside to
the arch, thus making the site an ideal one
in every respect.
The Beggam' Union.
Alas, the Beggars' union in this city will
be speedily obliged to pass inronclad ordi
nances concerning the government of its
members, or else the profession will not long
remain in its present profitable state. Rev
elations of the last few days have done much
to discredit the "panhandlers" in the eyes
of the public. No longer <fbes the public
gladly throw its small change at the modest
"requesters," but, instead, looks askance at
every insinuation that the production of cola
would be acceptable. And all because of the
unwisdom of a few criminally careless mem
bers of the brotherhood. One of these in
dividuals was foolish enough to be arrested
a few nights ago, and when searched at the
stationhouse, was found to have In his pos
session $56 in cash, together with bankbooks
and stock certificates worth about $250,000.
At the time of his arrest the man was beg
ging in front of the Imperial hotel, wheez
ing out a long story of his being sick and
having a family dependent on him. Hardly
had the police of the tenderloin station re
covered from this shock when they were in
formed of the. death of an old white-haired
and bearded man who for years sat at the
corner of Broadway and Forty-second stree.
in the same precinct, grinding out so-called
tunes from an antiquated organ, while be
side him sat a dog, holding a basket In his
mouth to catch the coins of passers-by. The
old man had starved the dog and himself to
death but left $23,000y Cne earnings of the
combination during the years he had' ap
pealed to the charity of the Broadway..night
crowds. His money was In a tenement and
in savings banks. Not only this, but on top.
of it all came the arrest of a man for main
taining a school for juvenile mendicants.
There wayward boys were taught tol>eg un
til the police learned of* the place and put
its owner behind the bars.
-N. N y A.
Too Mnch Rejoicing.
A Kansas druggist publicly poured all his
liquors into the street amid the rejoicing of
a multitude of people. How many of the
spectators had tin cups along the dispatches
do not say, but the fact that so many rejoiced
is at least sufficient to create a suspicion.
There is something wrong with the first
Jurore in the Hamilton murder case. They
don't look like anarchists or Ignoramuses.