LUCIAN SWIFT, J. S. MoLAIN.
MANAGES.; * EDITOR. • '\
T HB JO V X I* A Ij is published
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No Prize Fighting
The only criticism to which the gover
nor's action In stopping the prize fights
and sparring contests advertised for to
night can be subjected. Is that he did
not do It sooner. He has waited until
the contestants and their backers, and a
iot of other "hot sports/ have come here
from other cities, at considerable ex
pense, probably, only to learn that the
game cannot go on because It Is in viola
tion of the law.
Of course, the governor is not bound to
notify these people of the fact until the
elakes .-are set and the game ready to
begin. And, yet, It would no doubt have
created less hostility and evoked less
feeling on the subject if the preparations
had not been allowed to go on to the
point of completion on the assumption
that 'what was proposed would not be in
Tiie. governor, however, is undoubtedly
required by the law, In view of the advice
whlWh he gets from the attorney general,
to put a stop to the so-called "athletic
exhibition." The law is very broad on
the subject, and it is the governor's
business to enforce it. He seems to have
no choice in the matter.
Th^ state of mind into which the gover
nor's action throws our mayor will not
be a source of surprise- to any one, nor
his extravagant declarations as to what
he will do to athletic contests of all kinds
in tic future. He could hardly be ex
pected to discriminate between an im
promptu boxing match for fun between
two school boys and a challenge contest
for money, conducted under ring rules,
and surrounded by all the accessories of
the prize ring. But the mayor need not
disturb himself about those boxing
matches at the Y. M. C. A. gymnasium.
If he finds anything going on up there
contrary to the law, it is his business
to stop it, and he will meet with no op
position from any quarter.
His hat is suffering frightful mutila
tion, however, through his conversation
on the regulation of all athletic sports.
The mayor talk* of suppressing univer
sity athleticß, football, bicycle races, and
•verything else where by any possibility
of accident the participants might be in
jured. But the mayor will confine him
self to the suppression of things pro
hibited by lav if he expects to make
a success of it. Whether there ought
to be a law against football or not, the
lact remains that there is none, and the
mayor and the police force would invite
an athletic contest in which there might
be great danger of somebody getting hurt
If they s/hould attempt to suppress a foot
ball game on Northrup field.
It would be much more to the credit
of the administration if the mayor would
take a sensible view of the matter and
exhibit a willingness to comply with the
law as it is without committing himself
to any ridiculous propositions for the
future. But, perhaps, it would be asking
100 much of this administration to ex
pect it to take a sensible view of this
Mayor Ames Is not going to favor one
class as against another, he says. Well,
he will probably have to make one ex
ception to that rule—he will have to
favor the law-abiding class as against the
Making Laws and Enforcing Them
Judge Brewer, of the United States su
preme court, in an address to the students
of Yale University, said:
If every man and woman in Kansas had
done his best, since 1880, to enforce prohibi
tion legislation In that state, George Wash
ington would not have been obliged to divide
his hatchet reputation with Mrs. Nation.
In saying this Judge Brewer condensed
in a sentence the secret of success In
every legislative reform. Laws we have
(without number, -which stand for public
convictions as to -what la right, but which,
are never enforced. The lack of enforce
ment la often due to a sudden loss of In
terest .and participation In the legislation
by the putflic as soon as it has been writ
ten on the statute books. It seems some
how to be assumed that all that is nec
essary to accomplish a reform is to make
a law about it; that somehow the law will
get itself, enforced after the people have
gone off and forgotten all about It. But
of course it doesn't—not when it runs
counter to 'long-established habits and ap
petites and destroys private interest*.
This is not to say that enactment at
high principles into laws in advance of
such a state of public sentiment as will
secure their enforcement is always a bad
thing. Sometimes it is and sometimes it
isn't. The existence of such laws upon
the statute books may act as the setting
up of ideals before the public mind which
may be striven for and may ultimately
be attained. No law is so perfectly en
forced that there are no violators.
But It is a bad thing for the ideal ex
pressed in an unenforced law when the
advocates of the idea go beyond the law
and try to accomplish by other and vio
lent means what the law ought to bring
about. They simply emphasize the fact
that the law is a failure as a practical
means of accomplishing the end aimed at.
If it were not they would not abandon the
law and reßort to violence.
The law-abiding anti-prize-fighting sen
timent of the community is probably not
at all seriously concerned lest one of the
bruisers announced for the "athletic ex
hibition" to-night should happen to get
hurt. Society would not suffer very much
if 4 he did. But the community does suffer
by the congregation in the city of the
kind of people who make pugilism a busi
ness. And that is probably why a law
was enacted which is broad enough to
prevent indulgence in anything of that
sort in this state, so long as the officers
are disposed to enforce the law.
The almost unanimous vote in the sen
ate Saturday in favor of substituting the
Grout bill for the ship subsidy bill may
not be fairly indicative of the strength
of the antioleomargarine sentiment in
that body, but it shows pretty clearly:
what is going to happen to the Bhip sub
sidy job at this session of congress. There
isn't going to be any subsidy.
An Interesting Series
The Journal has announced for sev
eral days the publication of a '"Current
Topics" series, to appear daily and regu
larly In this paper. Certain general heads
are selected, under which will be treated
a variety of topics of live interest, and
which will be found serviceable as side
lights on the news reports of the day. For
instance, under the head of "Colonial Gov
ernments of To-day," will be discussed the
ways in which other countries govern de
pendencies, with reference to the value of
the experience of these countries to our
own in solving the new problems now pre
In these early days of the new century
thought reverts to and comparisons are
made naturally with the conditions and
customs of the corresponding days of the
nineteenth century. These articles will
bring up to our view for the purposes
of comparison a great many interesting
facts about American life a century ago,
particularly on the side of domestic con
ditions and social customs of the earlier
There Is a lively interest taken just
now, too, in the observance of habits and
maintenance of conditions which contrib
ute to longevity. Hundred year clubs are
organized, hundred year living is talked
about and written about, and the actual
increased longevity, due to better con
ditions of life, has stimulated interest in
this general subject upon which we shall
print a series of articles by eminent phy
sicians, and a number of public men, not
of a technical, scientific nature, but of a
Other subjects treated in the same way
are "What the Government Does for the
People," "What the Woman's Club Move
ment Is Doing for Society," and what are
the essential conditions of individual suc
cess, under the title of "The Opportunity
and the Man." The series is introduced
to-day on this page by an article on the
last-named subject. It is a biographical
sketch of an eminently successful business
man, and exposes to the consideration of
the reader the secret of his success.
Robert S. Brookingg of St. Louis, owes
his success to the fact, as stated in this
article to-day, that when he secured em
ployment as a traveling man for Samuel
Cupples, "he was content to take the least
promising and most unpopular assignment
of territory, and the one for which, salary
was the smallest." He was 18 years of
age, and the firm employed him with half
pitying consideration, realizing that in
undertaking to build up a trade for that
institution among the mountains of south
western Missouri and amid the rude popu
lation of that section at that time, he was
beginning his commercial life under the
most unpromising circumstances. And yet,
he studied the peculiar situation so well,
and adapted himself so thoroughly to it,
that he not only made a success of the
business of the firm in that unpromising
field, but he ultimately made himself
manager of the company.
In these days, when there is so much
disposition to assume that the opportuni
ties for young men are all gone; that the
excellent chances of a few years ago for
Individual success have all been wiped
out by the trusts, it is wholesome to study
the conditions which successful men have
mastered, and to find that generally those
conditions have been quite as unfavor
able to Individual success in the past as
they are to-day, and that the same deter
mination and effort, expended with the
same intelligence, will lead to success now
as it always has and always will. Brains,
talent, skill, energy, determination, ap
plication are qualities of individual pos
session which money monopoly can never
corner, and which will always be in de
mand for large tasks or small while the
world has work to do.
The next thing to never making a mis
take is promptness in correcting an error
when attention is called to it. The
Journal wishes to correct a slip in a
mention of the late Senator G. A. Pierce.
He waa appointed territorial governor of
Dakota by President Arthur, not Presi
dent Harrison. It was Harrison who
made the fight in the senate for the divis
ion and admission of the Dakotas as
"As usual, Kansas takes ' the • prize. i Her
Sunday-closing movement-. <»beats the
record. ;- ".■■.. .".■: '■' "/"■'
Philistine The Congressional Rec
"" ord, a sprightly Washington
VS. Congres* magazine lof the hour,which!
sional 1; naß > just,'passed * the ; 26,000!
n o n j ", mark .•;. In; its circulation, 1
™? £ ra '-i '. ' pa}r g its respects to the Phi
listine, »published;. at East Aurora, ,N. V., in
the following language: j.-!" '-
= "Our loathsome 'contemporary, the ) Philis
tine, ; published :• by one - Hubbard of
the J 'y, long I - hair .at i "East ; Au-roarer.
N. "Y., claims ;.-av circulation , of
100,000T; copies. We ;' desire to warn the
Philistine's ?.. advertisers T that ;; Hubbard -' has
been i doctoring the figures '\ in '"aj most dis
graceful manner and that advertisers will
get more I for their money .in 1 one " column of
the Record than' they will in a whole page of
the :: Philistine. ; ,We know whereof • we
speak.!• v■; .: .r" .v".*"....' "■ .'. ' -
i Mr. Hubbard rsfuMS ta ttk* any back seat.
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
however, and in his Philistine for.March he
gets back at the Congressional Record in the
following sprightly manner:
"The reptile who runs the Kongre&slon»i
Rekord down on the Potomac flats says that
the Killstin has not the 100,000 circulation
that we claimed for it last month. We deelre
to say that the Kong. Rek. editor Is a most
amusing liar. We do not need any govern
ment aid to run our magazine and get it cir
culated, as the filthy Washington rag does.
Last month the Rekord did not have one col
umn of advertising matter in its whole issue,
while the Fillstine had eight pages of hot
Navajo blanket ads and railroad ads • right
from the bat.
"If the Rekord wants to test Its circulation
claims we will put up |1,000 with Dun's com
mercial agency, the Rekord to put up the
same sum. The commercial agency will then
have access to our books and to the Rekord's
books, and in case we do not show three
times the circulation of the Rekord the
money la to go to the national government.
If we win, we will give the money to Ally
Bartfer. This Is a fair deal. Will our loathly
contemporary accept? We reck not."
Much interest is felt all over the country
as to what reply the Congressional Record
will make to Mr.'Hubbard.
When Cleveland and Benjy Harrison meet
again and invite Tom Reed out to a little
supper the talk'will be as pessimistic as the
next morning conversation of ■ the man who
eata a midnight lunch of ice cream and lob
ster with a little strong coffee to wash it
Several people have written In to know
who It Is that Is driving around in large
sleighs with tin horns and other Instruments
of torture, yelling like Sioux Indians.* Dearly
beloved, those are the little fresh air outings
enjoyed by the Lobster Club.
Cried . strenuous Carrie, > "Eureka!"
I've found." a tough Joint In Topeka!"
The' result in a flash, i ■
Was a nice brandy smash, .
And "papa" in jail bad to seek her.
Hereafter all games of chess will be pulled
by the mayor as dangerous 'to the brain and
likely to cause insanity. No' Uddledewlnks
and crokinole allowed outside of the patrol
If the pugs are not allowed to butcher one
another "to make a Roman holiday," neither
shall our university students.--Mayor Ames.
Good! Let's stop killing of all kinds!
A lot of college boys with a .battering ram
Joined Mrs. Nation in her Topeka raid yes
terday. If there is anything to smash the
high collar is in its element. Rah! rah!
Who can describe the fierce, strenuous Joy
a man feels when he steps on the cake of
yellow soap left on the stairs by the hired!
What's the use of a wide-open administra
tion if the governor is going to step in and
stop us from violating the laws?
Dearie, was hubby at "that midnight din
ner at Barge's"? We suspect the worst.
"Thedora" was presented at the Metropol
itan last night by Mrs. Minnie Tittell Brune
and company. Mrs. Brune's portrayal of the
title role was convincing and powerful, the
supporting company is fully adequate, and
the play Is staged in an elaborate manner. A
more extended review of the production will
appear in this column to-morrow.
One of James A. Herne's special companie*
will begin a week's engagement at the Metro
politan next Sunday night, presenting that
author's ever popular domestic drama,
"Hearts of Oak." The cast will be practical
ly the same as that seen in the play for a
short engagement at the same theater last
season. A newcomer is Miss Helen Lowell
who is said to be a talented and beautiful
actress, and who will essay the principal
female role. Others In the cast are E. P.
Sullivanj, Richard Allen,' Nat D. Jones,
Thomas M. Hunter, Marie Adair, Margaret
Cecil, Eliot Ennlking and the "Hearts of
'•A Brass Monkey," which was the first of
•the Hoyt farces presented on Broadway,
New York, and therefore gave the late
Charles H. Hoyt the distinction which every
ambitious author covets, will be the attrac
tion at the Bijou the coming week. Thii
early success of Hoyt's was the vehicle
which first introduced Tim Murphy and Otis
Harlan to fame, they being two of the orig
inal members of the famous "Razzle Dazzle
Trio." The third was J. C. Miron, now
principal comedian of the Marguerite Sylva
Opera company, appearing in "PrinceM
Chic." Mazzie Trumbull, the beautiful sou-
brette, will be seen as Baggage.
Fulgora's Stars gave an excellent opening
vaudeville performance of high class at the
Bijou yesterday. In addition to the regular
Wednesday and Saturday matinees, a special
matinee will be given on Friday, Washing
ton's birthday, Feb. 22. At the Wednesday,
Friday and Saturday matinees and Saturday
night Mr. and Mrs. Sldman will present "A
Bit of Real Life."
AUNT EDIE'S COOKBOOK
Horse Blankets a la Stall—Take two nice,
close-trimmed horse blankets —those worn by
a racer, if possible. 801 l over a slow fire
till reduced to the consistency of codfish.
Then drop in a dressing composed of sulphur,
one cup; castor oil, two cups, and one pound
cayenne pepper. Take from the fire aSd
serve on tin platters. Garnish with oiled
eggshells. A dainty dish when the minister
Fricasseed Hairpins—To one pound best hair
pins, the twisted style, add one-half a curl
ing-iron and five patent beer stoppers. The
stoppers should be dried on a griddle before
using. Stir to a paste. Add two cups ba
nana flour and one tube of yellow ochre.
Boil for twenty-six minutes. Serve in hats,
with paper roses round the border.
Roast Waste Baskets —Sift three new waste
baskets through a colander. Put in a drip
ping pan and pour on a gravy composed of
three cups distilled soap, two tablespoonfuls
of paste and one pint river water. Baste oc
casionally with the gravy. ■ When done to a
rich brown take from oven and serve with
Shoestrings, \ Creamed— •. dozen . shoe
strings, the kind sold by any street peddler.
One-half pound moth balls. Shake together
till well blended. 'C- Pour. two quarts butter
milk upon the mixture and steam" in a foun
dry. Let stand for two hours and serve with
hayforks. .' ■',-■;... -. ,
:.. .'. -. ..; -L__ _ ',:" "" -- ' . jfY/iHS
; WHY LINCOLN < DECLINED A CASE -
: General John H.Littlefleld f "'wh studied law
with Abraham ■Lincoln, writes his . recollec
tions :of * his ' great mentor .in the February
Success. He tells this attractive bit of anec
All. clients knew . that, with , "Old . Abe" as
their lawyer," they would win their case— it
was fair;;if riot, it was; a waste of >time' 1 to
take it to him. After listening some time one
day to a would-be client* statement, with his
eyes on the celling, he swung suddenly round
in his chair and "exclaimed:" \■ .' ''. .' ,.'
"Well, you have a pretty good case in
technical law, but a pretty bad one in equity
and justice. You'll have to get some other
fellow to win this case for you. I couldn't
do It. All the time while standing talking to
that jury, I'd be thinking, "Lincoln, you're a
liar,' and I believe I should forget myself
and say it out loud."
And Have Mountains of Fun.
We opine that if Roosevelt wants real big
game he can be accommodated by the "tlgqr"
liOnir While to Percolate.
A man of General Shafter's displacement
will hardly know when he Is retired.
Loyal t© the Mint.
New York Mail and Express.
Colonel Henry Watterson declares that he
actually doesn't know what a "high ball" is.
He is evidently still in the Julep class.
The After Clapp.
Kansas City Journal. - '
The first and only flashing of Mr. Towne's
eloquence in the senate was immediately fol
lowed by the after Clapp.
The south has more faith in commercial
products than la <ommn«Uu pottttos. i
New York Daily Letter.
- BUREAU< OF ? THE JOURNAL,
" ; . No. 21 Park Row. *■
"Million Share" Days. "
Feb. 18.—Stock exchange brokers are no
longer satisfied with anything but "million
share" days. If the brokers find at toe close
of a business day that less than a million
shares of stocks have changed hands during
their session their keen disappointment is
plainly apparent. They believe that they
are suffering from a lack of business and
'that they will soon have to curtail expenses
although last summer things ran along for
weeks at a time with less than two hundred
thousand shares a day as an average and
many days with the total transactions
amounting to less tLan one hundred thousand
shares. So far this year the average of
dally tradings has been heavily in excess
of a million shares a day, although there
have been a few days on which the totals
fell below that figure. During the last
eighty days of 1900 the average was over a
million and a half shares daily. It is by
no means necessary to the existence of
the brokers that they do a million a day busi
ness. In fact, the same brokers ten years
ago looked on a million share day with the
same awe as they now look on the organiza
tion of, the billion dollar steel trust, as a
most unusual affair. A great deal less than
a million shares a dax will net handsome
incomes In commissions to the brokers, but
at the same time they have their appetites
whetted to such an extent that when the
transactions fall below seven figures they
feel much as though someone was defraud
ing them of just dues. When the transac
tions amount to a million shares in a day
it means $125,000 in commissions. On com
pleted transactions the commission is at the
rate of $25 for each hundred shares, $12.50
for the buying and a like sum in addition for
the selling. Figuring on an average of a mil
lion shares- a day for th,e current year the
members in the three hundred business days
would have to their credit $37,500,000 in
commissions alone. Then commission houses
often make as much money out of their in
terest account for carrying stocks as they do
out of their commission accounts. This last
item would bring the total to $60,000,000, to
which still another million dollars would
have to be added for revenue stamps, before
the sum total the public pays into the game
can be ascertained. This total the public
must win from the street simply In order to
"break even," with not a single sign of
profl't even then.
Expeme* of the Brokers.
Brokers on the Stock Exchange do not
make these profits clear by any means. Ex
penses run in proportion to the magnitude
of the business transacted. Ten of the houses
on the exchange doing a commission business
are under an expense of at least $150,000 an
nually. Fully fifty more run at about $100,
--000 a year; seventy-five more belong to the
$50,000 class; one hundred and fifty to the
$25,000 class, with probably two hundred more
whose expenses approximate $10,000 annual
ly. Then comes the non-resident and inac
tive brokers, of whom there are about three
hundred, with an equal number of room
traders and $2 brokers, or brokers who are
hired by commission houses to transact
orders on the floor at the rate of $2 for each
hundred shares. Originally the total mem
bership of the exchange was 1,100, but now
there is a shaving below that number. All
told, the cost of maintaining the exchange
and the machinery connected with it Is not
far from $25,000,000 per annum. The differ
ence between this and the $t>7,500,000 that
goes to the brokers on their commission and
interest accounts in a year averaging million
share days can be taken as the income to
■the brokers, for the time and capital they
employ In conducting the game. Fully 50 per
cent of all this profit. It Is safe to say, goes
to fifty of the big houses on the street.
During the entire period of activity from
the middle of fast October down to date It
has been no uncommon thing for single con
cerns to trade in 100,000 shares a day for
long stretches. Three houses which oper
ate from Chicago as well as here have aver
aged from 90,000 to 125,000 shares a day for
over sixty days. The same house was dur
ing that period obliged to turn away trade
because it could not handle it. The limit
■to physical capacity had been reached. When
the bond deals are added- to the general
business it will be fflp«jd that at the present
ratio almost $75,0tW,<w a year is separated'
from the public through the agency of Wall
An Alcoholic Dream.
Bellevue hospital authorities say that there
are many habitual drunkards who regard the
alcoholic ward of that institution as fa] sort
of ia ' paradise and " keep; coming " back " there
time and again after every debauch, in order
to ■ get ; a warm bed, good meals % and \ help to
get in ' shape for "" another protracted .' spree.
This applies to both men and women, and so
great has become: this practice that the offi
cials of the institution have taken measures
to keep : these repeaters; from continuing in
the business. : They are a great, source tof
care and ■'■. expense : and apparently no ' good
work is accomplished. 'i Physicians and at
tendants now make daily tours of inspeo-'
tion ■ through . the ' alcoholic ward, ' and : when
ever one of these continuous persons is dis
j covered, he ior she is promptly taken to, po- ,
; lice court, jail being, the next visiting i point.
i In this way the officials hope to succeed in
discouraging the habit. Most of : ; the visit
ors at the; ward | are "bums," and " about \ the
only time • they are ever in a good cleansed
and' get' square meals is when at the hospi
tal. r The "patient" gets plenty of sleep, has
no worries : and $3-' out :; of the. cold and ..wet
for days. v- With such a galaxy :of attractions,
it Is no wonder Bellevue is liked by the al
coholics. * Nevertheless, '. some, of them hifve
received rather hard treatment there, as the
recent investigations of the place have shown.
Staffe Fright. >->.." :.
To , the uninitiated, r stage ; fright - always , U
associated v with a . person either absolutely
or practically new -to .the footlights. , As ■ a
matter of fact, however, old actors and ac
tresses often have It worse -than their newer
associates. ;■ Richard t Mansfield, conceded ',*, to
be one /of :< the . greatest actors ;of to-day, is
most, decidedly an example of this and with
him it Is not periodical by any means. '.'He
has : stage \ fright i regularly \ Just •' before :■ the
curtain ] goes up ' for every performance. He
becomes so terribly nervous that he will walk
, rapidly up ; and ; down behind the scenes, his
muscles twitching and his mouth working
jerkily. "^ His kind of ; fright, ; however, does
not interfere with '-" the ; playing of .' his . part,
for,- as soon as ;he gets. on the stage he ap
parently .loses , every vestige of , it until the
next . wait between ' the acts.'.• ', Then he grows .
shaky again. j There is hardly • a beginner,
who , shows stage 5 fright -as plainly *as does
Mr. Mansfield. "It may be possible that the
name, is hardly proper In his case, for he is
' never; at all ■ uncertain "of i his | powers or of
his ability to carry his. work forward, and it
never seems ,to do' him any .Harm. , But it is
the same' impatience and nervousness, - caused
by a high-strung, system, ; that creates." stage
fright. in the new ones on ' the boards. [ / ;-. "
Automobiles in Midwinter. 1
: Midwinter tests of automobiles have just
been. made ,by a ' thirty-five mile \ run \by • the
Long Island club over Icy pavements, through
snow and with a strong wind beating-con
tinually ■' on v the members j; and the i vehicles.
The, tour was to show that motor vehicles
', can be used .under: the most [ adverse weather
conditions, '■; and certainly the * members , re
j r moved ; all doubt ■■ on i that score. All - over
Greater New York, from State street, Brook
lyn,': through' that • borough, • over the \ bridge
: and up * ; Broadway and 5 Riverside < drive to
Harlem went 5 the gasolene road carriages and
electric runabouts, and then, after a 1 dinner,
, the same route fwas; followed \on the return
; trip. "■}= In • many,^ places • the ice * nearly ■ caused
mishaps as the . wheels would ! rapidly; revolve
over the glazed surfaces without ; sending the
machines appreciably forward on their way.
However, all mishaps of any extent were
averted, althought there were a couple of
upsets, which were speedily righted. Beyond
question tour demonstrated the value of
the auto as a winter as well as a summer
vehicle. —N. N. A.
A ~ Resounding Sigh.
Mr. Bryan declines to make speeches, on
the ground that he has no time to talk. And
the nation's sigh of relict makes the welkin
A Strong Contrast, . '..
'-■'. *;..•...-. Boston Herald. .' ,'. -.
Helen Gould's 1408,000 gift for the hall; for
the* 4 benefit of . the sailors ; and marines of the
■ Brooklyn navy yard > contrasts • rather favor- J
ably with the Castellan* Investment la Wert
b«Lua«r brio-a-brac "■.'■'r^SBSBBBBBS
The Master of Magic
BY ELIAS LISLE.
Copyright, 1901, by A, 8. Richardson.
"So you're the Fire King," said the pro
prietor of the town's one hotel, as he ex
humed the register from a heap of empty
"Fire King and- Master of Magic, known
to a large public as Pyro," said I, politely,
ornamenting my signature with lambent
flames in ink. It's a great advertising dodge
if you can manage to have the register left
opea on the counter.
"You've struck Campbellstown at a good
time," said mine host.
"So my ascendant stars informed me," I
replied. It does no harm to throw in a little
astrology now and then.
"The miners are in from all around. Old-
Kanawha's in flood and that means knock
off work at the mines."
"Seven days shall the flood endure; then
shall the waters subside, and those in the
depths of the earth shall wjik dry shod," I
pronounced in my best manner. Weather lore
Is a fine bluff If you put it far enough ahead
so that you'll be out of the way in case things
don't turn out according to program. But
I missed it clean that time.
"Dry shod, your eye!" said the hotel man
scornfully. "It ain't the water that does the
damage. It's the gas. When Kanawha gets
up very high—and she's higher now-than for
years—the natural gas outlets get shut off.
Nobody knows just where they are, but
they're in the river or on the banks some
where, and when the water shuts 'em off the
gas puffs out all around the country, spe
cially in the mines. Then, after a few of
the 4>oys has keeled over or there's been a
biow-out or two, they knock off and wait for
the river to go down. Town'll be full of 'em
tbis afternoon, and Campbellstown full of
miners is about as peart a spot as you'll find
in West Virginia."
"Peart" it certainly was. There were two
shooing affrays and. a general fight that
afternoon. By my invltatlbn a dozen of the
visiting miners came in and had drinks qn
me, and I gave them a taste of my quality
by blowing flame instead of froth from my
beer and lighting my cigar with the end of
my finger. Morose fellows they were; the
effect, I believe, of working in darkness; but
they served my purposes by spreading abroad
the fame of my gifts so that I was assured
oi a crowd that night. One of my guests, a
powerful fellow, with an evil eye, seemed to
take a distaste for me, and cursed me as he
left, for no other reason than that he didn't
"take to my ways," and announced his inten
tion of being at the performance and seeing
that things "went right."
"Kinder ugly, eh?" commented my host.
"That's Sledge Turner, and he's one of the
worst men in these parts when he's drunk.
He always goes heeled, too."
. I had an overflowing house that night, and
in the third row I beheld Mr. Turner's for
bidding face. Everything went well, and I
soon had my audience in a condition of min
gled delight and awe. When I went down
lnt,o the body of the house to collect silver
dollars, white mice and other miscellanies
from my admiring spectators I was in such
high spirits over the success of the evening
that I did a foolish thing. I pulled a dollar
from between the scowling eyes of Sledge
Turner. At the same time I saw the hilt o?
a murderous knife projecting from his belt
and heard his announcement that he'd have
that dollar back or cut my heart out.
After the performance, as my assistant was
out in the box office and I was getting my
apparatus packed, the door burst open and
Turner had me by the throat with both hands.
Between his teeth he held the big knife I had
seen. There was hate and murder in his eye.
The profession of magic makes a man quick
to think in emergencies. It also provides
him with resources hot possessed by the av
erage man. In an instant I bad-sent a spurt
of flame for Turner's face from the wire in
my sleeve connected with the battery be
tween my •shoulders. The durrent wasn't
strong enough to v knock him down, but it
loosed his grip on me, and the next instant
I gave him a Japanese elbow trick. Down he
went, and lay there, strangling on the floor,
for I had caught him fair in the throat, and
the blow Is an ugly one. It struck me chill
ingly that I had rather overdone the thing.
Throwing a long ulster over my Inferno cos
tume of scarlet and black, I explained hasti
ly to my assistants and made my way back
to the hotel. Ten minutes later my host
entered my room without the formality of
knocking. In his hand he held a revolver.
"Take this and git for your life," he said,
thrusting the weapon into my hand. "You've
done Sledge Turner and the lodge is after
"It was in self-defense," I said. "Whatever
the lodge may be, it can't "
"It's the Miners' lodge," he interrupted.
"Blood—oath and life for life. Sledge was
a member. If they get their hands on to
you they'll string you up like a cat."
There was a hoarse roar outside that grew
Dearer and nearer.
"Hustle," cried my kindly host. "No time
for the door. Take the window. Keep right
down the river road. Ten miles down you'll
strike Carton. You'll be safe there."
To reach the ground was an easy matter.
My chances were good. My tights made an
excellent light running costume. I was an
athlete and in good training; a magician has
to be. The roar of the river told me the road,
and as I sped away into the darkness I ran
full upon a man and knocked him flat. The
mischief was done. The view-halloo of the
han-hunt rang in the air, and with a roar the
pack of human hounds was on my trail.
Down the road I went at my best speed, a
good hundred yards in advance of the van of
my pursuers. Presently I became aware of
a brightness in front of me, and coming
around a turn, I saw half a dozen negroes
seated around a flre at the roadside. There
was but one thing to do. With a demoniac
roar I charged them. It was as I had hoped.
The sight of a scarlet and black devil leaping
at them from out the blackness of night was
enough. Like rabbits they plunged into the
brush, and the sound of their frantic prayers
bore me company as I sprinted past the flre.
It would have made a corking fine poster,
that scene, "The-Apparition of Pyro." Then,
a shot sounded out behind me, and I put all
my thought* into my heels. I was gaining
on the pursuit when my feet splashed Into
water and I was up to my knees before I
I wasn't in the river, for I could hear the
flood roaring well to the right of me; besidea,
this water was stagnant. The true nature of
the pool flashed into my kead; it was % back
water from the river that had flooded the
road, and was probably but a short distance
across. But if (he miners knew of any path
around they could head me off,' as my prog
ress through the water would be slow, even
if I did not have to swim for it and lose my
bearings. Nevertheless, straight ahead was
my only chance.
Before I had got waist deep there was a
flicker of light on the bank, and by the glow
of a brand which they had snatched from the
negroes' flre I saw a group of my pursuers
peering out toward me.
"He's taken to the water," eaid one
"Then we've g6t him," cried another
"Bill, you and Blbbey get around and head
I kept on till the water was at my shoul
ders. Then something choked me, like a rope
around my neck. I had heard about the
choking feeling of despair and I thought this
was M. I staggered and almost fell as
a strange, thick smell clogged my nose. On
the surface of the wateT there was a bubbling
and chuckling. I could feel it at my feet,
too. It was queer, but queer things don't
make much difference to a man who is going
to be hanged In five minutes. That was my
first thought. Then I had a better one. I
remembered the high water and the gas, and
I knew what that bubbling was, and was
ready to take the chance to do a special turn
for my life.
Of course, I had to have some talk. You
don't get the full effect of these things with
out a good spiel. The only thing I could
think of was a patter from a book called the
"Last Day of Pompey," so I gave 'em that.
"Earth-born villains," I shouted, "behold
how the avenging Orcus spoute forth flames
from the face of the waters to protect it*
There -were , answering shouts from ' all
around the. ; pond. v "There he !la " and
V Where's the ; rope?" 1; - .*' >';;
."Silence," I yelled, "and behold!" ,; ~
i Then ;I ; flashed". my ;. electric spark j Into the
middle of the gas and dove. ; When I came
up; tea ; yards ? away, after , staying \ down as
lon« Tas I could, there was a big circle of red,
yellow;i and i |lue "i flame i dancing I beautifully
over the '< water.'-> -On 5 the i shore :' the brands
flickered, but.they cast light 7 only ,■ on t trees
and bushes. There wasn't a living being h : in
sight, but all 1, around i' there : was 1 a mighty
crashing [I of f; brush • and v howls i that ■;would
;aaame'* oatamount. -The Miners' Lodge had 1
.-. •■ ■ -■ : "■■■.■'rjiiaaßßßMWßscfiKt- ■ . » -- .-
MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 18, 1901.
MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL'S CURRENT TOPICS SERIES
(Copyright,: 1901, by Victor If. La,wsen.) •
PAPERS BY EXPERTS AND SPECIALiaTS OP NATIONAL REPUTATION.
THE OPPORTUNITY AND
(This series, which is under the direction of
President Andrew S. Draper of the Univer
sity of Illinois, will close -with "A Study of
American Opportunity," by Senator Ceorge
F. Hoar of Massachusetts.)
I—ROBERT HOMERS BROOKINGS.
Robert S. Brookings of St. Louis, 51 yeara
old, worth $20,000,000, founder and benefactor
of various educational and charitable insti
tutions, was born and raised on a Maryland
farm. The date of his birth was Jan. 22,
1850. At 17 years of age, in 1867, he left his
father's house and went to the west. Apply
ing for work at the office of the Cupples A
Marston Woodenware company of St. Louis,
he was hired at a small wage. Tall, vigor
ous, handsome and silent, the "new boy"
quickly established himself as a promising
clerk in the growing woodenware house, and
at the end of a year his early success and
his boyish audacity prompted him to apply
for a traveling man's territory. He was con
tent to take the least promising and most
unpopular assignment, for which the salary
was the smallest. With half-pitying en
couragement the firm gave him a»uthwest
Missouri in which to secure trade, and when
but 18 years old he packed his trunks with
samples and essayed the forlorn hope of get
ting up a "paying business" in what was
then regarded as the slowest district in the
west. In six months he had proved that
he was a first-class traveling salesman, and
in twelve months he was reinforced with an
assistant. Southwest Missouri began to be a
profitable factor in the earnings of the house,
and the trade grew continually, requiring
soon a number of men to care for it.
Instead of limiting his field of operations
to the newly discovered territory the young
salesman led his older helper up to take
full charge of the trade there and then went
back to his superiors and asked for other
tasks. They gave him in turn the remotest,
most difficult and least hospitable districts,
and he built up valuable trade in each. He
did not fail to give himself due credit for
these achievements. With all his silence,
discipline and loyalty he had a full appre
ciation of his personal value as a salesman
and organizer. After three years of this
work he -told President Samuel Cupples, the
head of the firm, that he had reached a point
where it seemed most profitable for him to
engage in business on his own account. Mr.
Cupples had already placed a high valuation
on the services of the young Marylander, and
so instead of permitting him to set up as a
competitor he offered to his salesman the
position of junior partner and general man
ager of the firm. In twelve years the young
man had attained the position of vice presi
dent and the house of which he was yet man
ager had surpassed, every competitor in its
race for commercial supremacy.
The Rescue of a Great Library.
Up to this time Mr. Brookings' success had
been dependent upon his ability to gain trade,
upon hard and incessant work and upon his
ceaseless energy in looking after the physical
requirements-of a growing business. In 18S2
his salary was Increased from $10,000 to $25,
--000 a year. As a financier his talents were
widely recognized, and he was accepted as
an authority among credit men and a coun
selor of bankers. He became a director of
the Mercantile library, a large, cumbrous
and money-losing institution dear to the
hearts of his fellow citizens, but slipping
into decay for lack of good business manage
ment. Mr. Brookings secured plans for a
new building for the ltbrary, floated the
bonds and supervised the construction of a
suitable home fcr the books. The structure
is one of the best office buildings in St. Louis
and a source of abundant revenue to the
Mercantile library, which occupies the upper
floors. Through saving this popular public
Institution Mr. Brookings came quickly Into
prominence aa a wise and generous man of
During the dozen years of his closest appli
cation to business, the young merchant not
only studied art, but became a liberal patron
of artists. His good Judgment enabled him
to appreciate the best produqts of foreign and
home studios and he collected pictures of
high merit. In Locust street, near Jefferson
avenue, he built for himself a beautiful reai-
chased the devil just as far as they wanted
to. My act was a sure-enough hit.
I crawled out on the opposite side and went
on to Carton in a boat that I found. Two
days later my assistant came along. Sledge
Turner wasn't dead after all; that's the rea
son they hadn't lynched Bob. He said if I'd
go back there I could play to 8. R. O. for a
month; but I couldn't see it: I'd had enough.
But it was a great ad for me. Some day I'm
going to make an act out of that night's
TO THE MEMORY OF ALICE! STACY
How short this life. *
To one who strove to tread
The upward path and who had almost won!
May her quiet unassuming life*
Teach her classmates all
This life is but a stepping-stone to life be
And not until we shall have reached that goal
May we know that we have won the race^
. So - near the: students'. crown—Commence
,. meat-Day!. . ■■•■■■'-': '■... \: ;■ , •
That star which shines before us all.
So • near ' that day '■■ to ' which - her eager * heart
' -v: aspired! _' ■ : \V.\ -"-• ";"V ■^\.'.:".^f
'; ■ But now her ' fondest hopes are far '• beyond.
Her * life ; was only lent to * those .. who loved
her,here, • ' :'. V --.v '.-■*?
And given back. when !summoned by the Ono
■^,;, above. -;-. ■■ .. '.■ . ,'" '. .' ,-. ]..i.^ -,'
Who i gives, , and also hath the right. to take
-■■""".away.'; .■.■'*.-* ...'.-'•.,..
■ : ■ ■.•■' .■';. *;\*Susie Kohen.
Central High School, Class of 1901. -
■ ■': Standing. by the Governor. ,'
':' ; ;^ ■■• Cambridge Press. '-** -■. '/ , lj' j
' While Van Sant may err in some of his ap
pointments f (it •is only human, for what gov
ernor never did), he is.truly a governor of
the people, for the.people and ,' by the people.
He will "i be "able,* also, <during hia ' present
term, to find out a thing or two, and better
know mho 'are' his true : and.trusty friends. -;
dence, and "Brookings' bachelor hall"—he to
unmarried—soon became famous for the ho»
--pltallty dispensed thefe.
A Notable Economy In Bnsineii.
Not_ satisfied with having built up a trade
the greatest of its kind in the world, Mr.
Brookings conceived the Idea of concentrat
ing under one roof and in one vast warehouse
all the great business houses of the city. His
plan included the saving of drayage, the
avoidance of warehouse charges and of the
loss of valuable time in receiving and ship
ping freight of all kinds. He induced Mr.
Cupples, his business associate, to join him
in acquiring ground in the heart of St. Louis
and erecting upon It a structure vast enough
to house comfortably more than a score of
the largest business concerns of St. Louis.
The leading wholesale grocers and jobbers
did not fail to see tbe advantage of the
change. They became tenants of "Cupples
Station," as it is called. So famous was the
success of this, enterprise that the great cities
of Europe, as well as of the United SUt«s,
ROBERT SOMERS BROOKINGS.
I soon sent experts to study the merits of the
vast warehouse in which twenty firms trans
acted their business, loading and unloading
freight under their own roof, where stood
for their accommodation the cars of a dozen
different railroads. At the time of its com
pletion, "Cupples Station," the joint prop
erty of Mr." Brookings and Mr. Cupples, was
appraised at $3,000,000, and its value is now
reckoned at 45,000,000. Its net earnings are
more than $150,000 a year.
Splendid Endowment of a Inivernlty
Five years ago Mr. Brookings was elerted
president of the board of trustees of Wash
ington University, the leading educational
institution of St. Louis. Its finances were
in a bad way, its future was circumscribed
and its attaira were almost at a standstill.
Prom his own means Mr. Brookings Imme
diately supplied money enough to prevent
the university from running behind in its
expenses. "I will never be president of any
thing that has a, deficit," he "declared. Then
he set about planning for the university's
future. Its old buildings in a downtown
street were to his eyes dreary and unattrac
tive. He conceived the idea of making for it
a new home on a beautiful eminence near
Forest park, in the western suburbs of the
city. He headed a subscription list for the
purchase of the land and soon had prepared
the way for the new buildings on the site
which he had chosen.
Mr. Brookings then induced Mr. Cupples to
join him in an audacious and generous
scheme for the endowment of the university.
A little over a year ago they transferred to
it the magnificent "Cupples Station," with
its annual revenue of more than $150,000. It
was the most princely gift to a university
ever bestowed between Chicago and San Fran
cisco. At the same time Mr. Brookings
transferred to the university hi 3 salary of
$25,000 a year. He remans the president of
the university's board of trustees, and under
his supervision a splendid group of build
ings is being erected for the institution's
Getting a Hint Front a Competitor.
Mr. Brookings' busy life has left him little
tfme for extensive travel or recreation. Dur
ing the thirty-four years of his business ca
reer he has not had more than six months'
vacation, and even then he was not able
wholly to withdraw his mind from the af
fairs of his firm. His close application to
its interests is illustrated by an incident
which occurred while he was on a pleasure
trip to Alaska. In one of the coast towns he
f«und on sale clothespins made by his firm
but bearing the mark of a competitor. Won
dering how his rivaf. could undersell him
with his own wares, he pursued his in
quiries till he found that, while his good's
were going to Alaska by way of Cape Horn,
those of his competitior were sent direct by
way of Vancouver. He was not content until
he regained- control of the Alaska market.
Within the last few years Mr. Brookings
has purchased a beautiful estate and country
residence below Crystal City, on th« wesetrn
bank of the Mlssisslpi. Here U his summer
home, and here are his chief art treasures,
his library and his deer park, and here he
spends such leisure as he can gain from the
cares of business.
—Richard H. Benton.
The narrower valley and the steeper hill's
Gave nearer dwelling to our folk in n«wer
E'er thou, great Westland, welcomed us to
The wide, sweet reach of fair and open
And he who breathes with thee a plenteous
Feels nigh a greater freedom so inspired,
As though thy hills anticipated death
And gave the soul the freedom it desired*
The plow has turned long furrows iv thy sod.
The red sun dawns upon thy wrinkled
Where met it once the plumed goldenrod;
So truiy has our race possessed the West—
Proud Nature here, reflecting the Great Spir
Thou wide, usurped land of a native, exiled
race. —3lyra Wrraa.
It Haa Cnongh.
Memphis Cooiercial Apes!.
Mr. Lentz's talk of nominating Mr. Bryan
a third time is all talk. Mr. Bryan is all
right personally, but he has received two
nominations from his party and been over
whelmingly defeated. The party will take a
practical view of the situation. 'There Is no
use going through the slaughterhouse every
tour years out of sentiment.
TnUlnK J. Hsm'i Route.
•J. Hamilton Lewis will not with interest
the efforts of several other statesmen to talk
themselves into lasting recollection Just on
the eve of departure.
A '•.:.: A Noble* Revenge. v.
But wouldn't it :be a nobler revenge on St. '
Louis to make" Illinois' exhibit at the Wortd'3 '
Fair In 1903, better r !than- that of any other .'"
tun*;: - : .- ' ; ,■ .-:.."-
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