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THE JOURNAL LUCIAN SWIFT, J. & McLAIN, MANAGER. EDITOR. T H X J O I H N A 1, Is published every evening, except Sunday, at «7-4t» Fourth Street South, Journal Uuildiuti, Minneapolis, Minn. c. j. Billson, Manager Eastern Adver tising. NEW YORK OFFICE—B6, 87, 88 Tribune building. CHICAGO OFFICE—3OB Stock Exchange building. SLBSCHIPTION TERMS Payable to The Journal Printing Co. Delivered by mall. One copy, one month $0.35 One copy, three months 1.00 One copy, six months 2.00 One copy, one year 4.00 Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages. 1.60 Delivered by carrier. One copy, one week 8 cents One copy, one month 35 cents Single copy 2 cents CHANGES OF ADDHESS Subscribers ordering addresses # of their papers changed must always give their former as well as present address. •:' CONTINUED All papers are continued until an ex plicit order is received for discontinuance, and until all arrearages are paid. COMPLAINTS . ; Subscriber* -will please notify the office in every cane that their paper la not delivered promptly or the collections not properly made. The Journal Is on Bale at the news stands of the following hotels: Pituburg, Pa.—Du Ouesne. Bait Lake City, Utah—The Knutsford. Omaha, Neb.—Paxton Hotel. Los Angeles, Cal.—Hotel Van Nuys. San Francisco, Cal.—Palace Hotel. Denver, Col.--Brown's Palace Hotel. St. Louis, Mo.—Planters' Hotel, Southern Hotel. Kansas City, Mo. —Coates House. Boston. Mass.—Young's Hotel, United Butts, Touralne. Cleveland, Ohio—Hollenden House, "Weddell House. Cincinnati, Ohio—Grand Hotel. Detroit, Mich.—Russell House, Cadillac. Washington, D. C—Arlington Hotel, Ra leigh. Chicago, 111.—Auditorium Annex, Great Northern. New York City—lmperial, Holland, Murray Hill, Waldorf. Spokane, Wash.—Spokane Hotel. Tacoma, Wash. —Tacoma Hotel. Seattle, Wash.—Butler Hotel. Portland, Oregon—Portland Hotel, Perkins Hotel. Steel Combine's Prospects The current number of the Iron Age In dicates that the domestic hunger for iron end 3teel products is extraordinarily strong and apparently insatiable. The installa tion of new enterprises continues and with, a vigorous home market our exports of iron and steel keep up in a gratifying manner. The Russian retaliation of a 60 per cent Increase in her tariff duties on our iron and steel because of the coun tervailing duty our government has im posed on Russian sugar in accordance with our tariff law, will probably have no seri ous effect upon our trade, as Russia has not yet reached the industrial independ ence enabling her to depend upon her own resources. She will continue to buy our iron and steel products through other channels. The United States Steel Corporation Is reaching out to foreign lands for more properties in Its line to purchase and, if the plans adopted carry, there will be no European competition to fear. Of the three competitors in the world's iron and steel markets —Great Britain, Germany and the United States—whose combined output Is 78 per cent of all pig iron and 82 per cent of all the steel manufactured, Great Britain has lost the dominant po sition and our country has taken it, with Germany second. Great Britain is handi capped in the race by the fact that she has to draw about a third of her ore supply from Spain and elsewhere and she con fronts a growing deficiency of fuel. Our railway freights are one-fourth those of Great Britain and raw material can be transported long distances much more cheaply than in England and we have all the steel making material within our own borders in great abundance. The steel combine is in a position to capture mar kets and lead in international competition. Since the organzaton was effected there lhas been a strong advance in prices, but the advance began before the combine's an- nouncement. Prices have strengthened chiefly because there is a tremendous de mand at home for Iron and steel products Bad the export demand is keeping up well. The Steel Combine begins operations with a rising market. Many have been the speculations as to its earning power and predictions of a failure to earn the fixed annual charges for dividends on $43,000,000 but some very long heads have been con etructing this combine and if it is a •cheme to boom shares, sell out and quit, it is handled in an extraordinarily careful manner which would seem to indi cate a tenacious purpose. Against such a combine as this, nothing can be done, for the process of organiza tion is legitimate. No congress or legis lature can pass a law annulling a man's right to sell property that belongs to him or prohibit any man from buying property he cam pay for. Trade With China It is reported that a Chinese firm in San Francisco is negotiating for a large amount of flour to be shipped from the state of Washington to China during this year. United States Consul Miller at Chungking reports to the department of state that, last year, when confusion and bloodshed seemed to rule in China, our flour trade with that country aggregated *5,22 C,OOO in value, largely exceeding the trade of 1899. Mr. Miller says the In crease was shown at every port and that, wherever flour has been introduced, the Chinese palate prefers it to rice and all ■who can buy flour do so. With the settlement of the present com plications peacefully, there is no doubt that our flour trade with China will be a tremendous item in the future. It is in the rice-growing sections of China that foreign flour is most consumed. The Chi nese hare two modern flour mills at Shang hai, one with American equipment and the other with British machinery. This flour trade seems to have held its own very well through the tumultuary proceedings in China for the past year, a fact which sug gests what a vast increase there will be if the negotiations can be satisfactorily concluded and Chinese uprisings prevented. Our cotton goods trade with China has suffered greatly, for a large proportion of it was with north China ports, much of it,* indeed, with ports now under Russian control. There are large stocks of cotton goods from this country at Shanghai, which were ordered, before the Boxer uprising began. The rise in the price of such goods during the past year—from 6>4 to 7 cents to 9fc to 10 cents has, however, met the carrying charges meantime, these figures being on a raw cotton basis. Of course, new enterprises in China are at a standstill now, for nobody kno^ps what is going to happen. North China, where the prißcipal disturbances took place, is in an Impoverished condition be tween the destructive excesses of the Box ers and the "punitive expeditions" of the powers. Whatever occurs in China, how ever, our government is bound to insist that the pledges given by the European powers for the maintenance of the open door of trade in that country, shall be something more than diplomatic trifles. These powers ought to know by this time, that the United States is in no mood to be trifled with in this matter. They ought to know, too, that our government's position in this matter is backed by public opinion at home. Injustice to Hennepin The Hennepin delegation has introduced into the legislature a reapportionment bill which should become a law, but which in the present temper of the state's law makers seems to be doomed to an igno minious end. A combination or group of combinations seems to exist in the present legislature which has for its ob ject the humiliation of Minneapolis. To prevent this city from securing a congressional reapportionment that would do justice to its size, a majority of the legislature appears to be ready to adopt a reapportionment scheme which is ap parently unconstitutional. The.re can be no tenable argument for a reapportion ment plan which gives one congressman to 228,000 people and another to 154,000. When the Hennepin members protested against the majority plan in the commit tee, the advocates of this outrageous measure could not and did not defend themselves. The alleged arguments which are from time to time brought forward for the Daugherty bill are unthinkably absurd. This is one of these sapient contributions to dialectics: "Minneapolis is scheming to get two congressmen." The same alleged argument would em anate from the same sources if Hennepin county had 400,000 people. If Hennepin has 228,000 people they are all entitled to representation. If to give them that representation the county should be cut in two, cut it. This is plain justice, but up rises some Solomon and says: "I don't believe in dividing counties to make congressional districts." What wisdom! If Hennepin had 300,000 people this same man would oppose division. Never mind about unjust representation, but never, oh, never violate the sacred county lines. Now here is another battering ram of an argument used against justice to Hen nepin county: "If the primary election law is not ex tended to the whole state, the country districts thrown in with the east side of Hennepin would be entirely at the mercy of the Minneapolis manipulators." "Manipulators" is good. If Hennepin really had some, it would be getting its deserts. The trouble is that there are too many elsewhere. But what is the meaning of the quoted sentence? If a part of Hennepin were added to other counties to form a district the primary election law would not apply, for it dis tinctly embraces only officers chosen wholly within the county of Hennepin. Can anybody explain how the primary election law has any bearing at all? But that is on a par with the other arguments against Hennepin's plea for justice. The Journal does not believe that a majority of the people of the state ap prove of the high-handed course of the legislative majority in this matter. It is most slovenly treatment of a county which, in many an election, has been one of the pillars of republican success in this state. A Senatorial Mistake By its action of yesterday on the Hurd bill to put the state oil inspector's office on a salary basis, the Minnesota senate has put itself into an anomalous position. It is in favor of reforming a glaring abuse, but opposed to making the reform opera tive at once. "We believe in reforming our successors, but we ourselves are above the necessity," says the senate. Of course, it is not the entire senate, but only certain senators, who assume this ridiculous attitude. But the action of a few senators reflects seriously on the entire body, and it may Jeopardize this needed reform. In its last analysis, this action of cer tain senators means either favoritism to an official or the perpetuation for party purposes of an abuse which has become a scandal. In either case the position as sumed is wholly indefensible. Sound principle, and not personal favor or party convenience, should govern the action of ©very senator. To vote for this reform, and at the same time postpone its opera tion for two years. Is simply hypocritical. If the fee system is bad in principle and in effect, the honest course is to change it at once. Senatorial favor to the pres ent inspector is senatorial breach of duty to the people. Retention of the system so as to secure party revenue is no bet ter. The republican party does pot need any financial help from an overpaid oil inspector. .We protest as republicans against the present scale of fees, and we warn all republican senators who oppose the early adoption of the needed reform that by so doing they only injure the fair name of the party they profess to serve. The majority of the people of Minnesota are republicans from conviction, because they believe In the fair name and the honest tpurposes of their party. The only argument made yesterday against the immediate application of the reduced scale of fees Is that it is not cus tomary to reduce an official's fees during his term. This argument is almost too weak for words. The present incumbent has just been appointed. He took the office with notice that the reform was urged and would be demanded. If he should not be content with a living sal ary let him resign. His renunciation of an office with fair pay would indicate that he had accepted that office for some ulte rior purpose. No reputable political party can afford to bear the scandal of perpetuating a plain abuse of fundamental principles. Party expediency which violates such principles always reacts upon those who employ it. The United States has warned Denmark that she canot sell her Islands to anybody, else but us as they are ia our sphere of laflutnce. THE MINNEAPOLIS JOUKNAL. Let us now warn England that she cannot dispose of the Bermudas or Canada. p H . This strange belief that a followed person is sometimes fol by a Hoodoo, lowed by a "hoodoo," a be lief so streuuously held by the colored brother in some jectiona of the country, teems to have some foundation in experience If the story of Sylvester Keyes, a lumber dealer of Leon, Ohio, can be believed. Mr. Keyea some years back, in some way, got the'ldea of performing certain physical acts, for his spiritual good. He made a practice of going once around his bedroom on his knees as a penam.-e for his sins and for the purpose of warding off future trouble. Last weelt Mr. Keyes was visiting relatives north ot Seneca F-'.ils, N. V., and being tired on Wednesday night he omitted the custom for once. He was restless all night and dis turbed because of his neglect. His trouble's began in the morning. Going down stairs to breakfast he stepped on a tack. While eating breakfast he overturned the coffee utji and scalded both legs. In the forenoon he helped one of the men chop some firewood, and a stick flew up and struck him on the head. He started for the house, but slipped ou the ice and fell, bruising his faoe and dis coloring one eye Goiug up the steps into the house, a loose cave trough fell and struck him on the shoulder. Once inside, Mr. Keyea had his various wounds dressed and started for his room, but by mistake, owing to the bandaging on his injured eye, he opened the door leading to the cellar instead of the one going upstairs, next to it, and fell dawu the steps. He then refused to move but was carried to his room and placed in bed. He believes his series of misfortunes was due to his nerv ous state resulting from worry and fear be cause he had neglected his usual performance. Mr. Keyes is probably right. If we make laws like that for ourselves we shall bs punished by ourselves for breaking them. It is best to make no lawa for ourselves. A person with a' Friday hoodoo ou his trail loses one nice, whole day out of the week. A Farmington, Minn., man writes that Mrs. Nation's attack on the cigar is all right, as it has just killed two men in his town. The "bum cigar" is bad enough to kill weeds. A baseball player In San Francisco is known aa "The Human Sieve." Wbem-ver the ball goes in his direction the bleachers moan like the sea after a storm. Josef Hofmann is now the real musical thing in New York and the ladies in the audi ences do the nervous prostration act after each performance. General Alger is to build a model town in Florida on the Pullman plan. These canned towns seem to be prosperous for a time, but they usually get into trouble in the end". The chaplain of the Wisconsin house prayed that the an?lc*garette bill might pass.. The dude's deadly little nail is having hard sled ding everywhere. ■ Canada Is complaining because Morgan, Hill & Co. have secured a tailholf. tip there. Dear friends, it is useless to squirm. You are on the list. The senatorial pace is getting hot at Lincoln. Charges of bribery and free pass iniquity on the part of the railroads are alleged. A hospital corps will attend the second wolf hunt in Anarchy county. The peace and quiet of the vice presidency have been rudely stirred. Mon, hae ye ben oot oa ta links yet? AMUSEMENTS Thus. Q. Srabrooke in "The Round ers" at the Metropolitan. In the second act of "The Rounders" Will C. Mandeville as the Duke de Paty Dv Clam sings a song of ennui, the refrain and burden of which is "nothing new." It is a clever song, well sung. And it describes "The Rounders" very well —nothing new. The libretto sheds no credit upon the fame of Harry B. Smith. He has borrowed from the farce comedy writers the ancient theme of the unfaithful husband and the innocent wife with a desire for revenge. And along with the theme he has adopted the suggestive situ ations and the risky dialogue of the French school. This is bad enough, to be sure, with out the culminating and fatal mistake of failing to supply, any action worth speaking | of. The necessity of action in any kind ot»a stage performance cannot be too greatly em phasized. There is nothing doing in "The Rounders." During the first act nothing of consequence happens. The second act arouses I glimmerings of hope that something will hap- ! pen soon. The third act sees the demise of these hopes. The musical setting provided by L. Englander is of better material though not sufficiently characteristic or elaborate to entitle the work to honors as a comic opera. As usual >n such cases, the day is saved by the- cleverness of the company. Thomas Q. Seabrooke is one of the funniest of operatic comedians and in spite of the lack of real opportunities In "The Rounders" for the ex hibition of his talents, he succeeds in turning out a large output of laughter without seem ing effort. His character of an Irishman who has become grand vizier to the sultan and the proprietor in consequence of a century of wives is intrinsically funny. It was funny when Bobby Gaylor first introduced it in "An Irish Arab"—and it is funny now. But one cannot resist the reflection that the Celtic pasha would be funnier in Turkey trying to aid his royal master to run the country and at the same time struggling with questions of domestic government in his large and well assorted harem, than he can possibly be in a Spanish bathing resort or in Paris making love to a queen of the ballet. Mr. Seabrooke has a delicious brogue, a walk that is fun nier than any since the days of Pat Rooney and a sunny smile that makes his round Hibernian face as radiant as the rising sun. His O'Hoolihan 6ong Is worth going miles to enjoy. On the other hand, his case of alco holic paralysis at the close of the second act is so realistic as to be painful instead of funny. The house sat through it exhibiting signs of horror rather than of amusement. But Mr. Seabrooke is for the most part a clever entertainer who can sing a song, shake a foot or perpetrate a joke with the best of them. Mr. Mandevllle is his very able coadjutor. He is well remembered here for his excellent performance of the title role of "El Capltan" after DeWolf Hopper had turned to newer productions. He is a master in the exposi tion of the peculiar lugubrious brand of hu mor allotted to the duke, and moreover he sings a topical sing most effectively and in a pleasant voice. Harry Stuart supplies the German role which has come to be inevitable in such productions. He is the leader of a German band and a very funny one. Jeanette Lowrie as the innocent little Quakeress wife of the marquis is audaciously ingenuous. She has the gift which brought fame to Kate Cas tleton of cloaking audacity in the garb of in nocence. Her votee is her weak point and that isn't so bad within its own proper regis ter. Bertha Walzinger, an old favorite in comic opera, plays the queen of the ballet acceptably and her voice, though showing signs of wear, is pleasing. Nellie Lynch, third in the trio of soubrettes, is at her best when dancing. Mabel Blake plays the in evitable ancient female, whom Gilbert first made a fixture in comic opera, with that com plete sacrifice of personal charm necessary to success. The chorus, which is practically all femi nine, sings rather shrilly, having apparently been selected for some other than musical qualifications. To sum it up, 'The Round ers," even when judged by the not very high standard of such productions, is not worthy of the talents of Mr. Seabrooke and his com pany. One of its chief faults is its vulgarity. —W. B. C. Foyer Chat. The sale of seats for the Sousa concerts at the Lyceum theater opened with a rush yes terday. Everybody seems to have heard of the unparalleled success of Sousa in Europe and on his tour of the continent this season and all are anxious to see and hear the fa mous band that created such a furore in the musical centers of Europe. Next Sunday night "Arizona" opens a week's engagement at the Metropolitan, with matinees Wednesday and Saturday. This is sufficient for those who witnessed Augustus Thomas' great play last year. Others may look over the files of the New York papers and note the comments made during "Ari zona's" unparalleled run at the Herald Square New York Daily Letter. BUREAU OP THE JOURNAL, No. 21 Park Kow. A TrWnt In SteamahluK. , 'Maroli*B.—Now ( comes, a "trust" of,steam ships, controlling the -. trade' between" 'his country and ,; Brazil. ■ Negotiations life, said to have been practically completed for a con- ■ solidation of the Broth Steamship company. Limited,' and the Red Cross line. Both, are incorporated in.Liverpool and are represented by agents In 1 New York. ' News comes from Liverpool that an agreement had been reached by which the Booth Steamship' com pany is to absorb the Red Cross line, the consolidated company to be capitalized at 15,000,006. These two * lines have long been rivals in the Brazilian trade, although.it is i said they have l.ad a traffic agreement for | several months. Both lines covered the same field and ; practically had a monopoly of the trade to Para, Mauaos; Maranham and Ceaia. Each line has about fifteen steamships. *■' !f'* Relic of a. Great Firei ' A queer relic of the great Hoboken fire of last June, when several North German Lloyd steamers were wholly and others partly destroyed, Is now In the possession cf Second Officer .Einile Zander of the Kaiser Wllhelm der Grfesse. This is a portrait of th« German imperial family, apparently glued firmly to a piece of glass. It is now suspended In Mr. Zander's apartment. It looks as though the portrait of the Kaiser, his consort'"and his sons had been cut from the original cardboard and pasted on the glrss. As a matter of fact,' the picture went all through the fire at llo boken, on the' Saale, of which Mr. Zander was second officer. When he visited his apartments after the steamer had cooled down sufficiently to be .inspected, he j found every thing completely destroyed by the fire, the single exception' being this picture of the Kaiser, which was burned to a: crisp, save where ; the ( figures of the royal. personages appeared. At these, spots '■ the ' glass had be come firmly fastened to the picture, practical ly melted on, without, however, injuring the cardboard, The figures alone bad escaped, whereas the rest of the picture, together with woodwork,' iron and steel, and other ' fixtures, had been completely destroyed. Mr. Zander sent the picture to the Kaiser,< who returned' it after examination, and it is now a highly prized souvenir. ;,;r ( ; International \\>tliliu«. A pretty little American girl and a Jap anese diplomat were married at the city hali by an Irish alderman in the presence of sev eral German and English witnesses. Tocihi Takaiugi, vice consul for the mikado's gov ernment at thia port, was the groom, and his bride was Miss .Elizabeth Baker, daughter of a prominent broker. The groom is 27 years old, a graduate of Yale university and a mem'oer of one of the noblest families in Japan. Little Miss Baker's sweetheart was not looked on with favor by her family, and the lovers were separated. When she bought a bottle of carbolic acid, however, and threat ened to use it internally, undiluted, her family concluded that a wedding might be better than a funeral and gave their consent. It is another Central park match. The couple first mot on the Mall, and clandestine meet ings were a regular feature until the car bolic acid crisis brought them :o the mayor's office. Millions iv DinmonuN. According to a well-known expert New York is more lavishly set with diamonds than, any other city in the world. He estimates that f170.000.0a0 worth of precious gems are owned by prominent families here. Of this amount the Vandorbilt family heads the Us: with about $4,ooO,<ii"k>, and Mrs. O. H. P. Bel mont owns at least fSOO^OO. The Mackay family comes next with $1,000,000. The Astor J diamonds are also enormously valuable. "While many of the diamonds owned in New York are not so famous historically," says the gem expert, "still, in fineness, weight and beauty many of them are equal to the best foreign diamonds. The prices paid for some American gems are very high. Half a dozen American families own jewels which rank in intrinsic value with some of the gems possessed by royal houses of Europe." If you wish to get a view of the scintillating gems in all their profusion go to the opera ou a de Reszke night. On such an occasion it is estimated that the parteere boxes hold a collection of precious stones worth at least $25,<XJ0,000. Old Cannon Balls Found. Curious relics of revolutionary days are be ing constantly turned up .by men employed in excavating the new custom-house site at Bowling Green. To-day two solid shot, fifteen inches in circumstances and coated with rust, were unearthed. They were buried long be fore the days of Washington, according to several experts. Bowling Green is historic ground and all sorts of queer things have betn brought to light since work on the site of Steamship row began three weeks ago. I!* THE NBW ERA Professor Woodfow Wilson contributes an admirable paper to the Atlantic on "Democ racy and Efficiency," embodying a discussion of the new era "which has come upon us like a sudden vision of things unprophesied and for which no polity has been prepared," and the new duties and responsibilities which command us and leave us bo alternative but to obey if we would not be stragglers in the rear, He Impressively sums up the new tasks thrust upon us. "We might not," he says, "have seen our duty, had the Philippines not fallen to us by the fortune of war; but it would have been our duty, nevertheless, to play the part we now see ouselves obliged to play. The east is to be opened and trans formed whether we will or no; the standards of the west are to be imposed upon it; na tions and peoples which have stood still the centuries through, are to be quickened, and made part of the universal world of com merce and of ideas, which has so steadily been a-making by the advance of European power from age to age. It is our peculiar duty, as it is also England's, to moderate the process in the interests of liberty, to im part to the peoples thus driven out upon the road of change, so far as we have op nortunlty or can make it, our own principles x>t self-help: teach them order and self control in the midst of change; impart to them, if it be possible by contact and sym pathy and example, the drill and habit of law and obedience which we long ago got out of the strenuous processes of English his tory: secure for them, when we may, the free intercourse and the natural development ■which shall make them, at least, equal'mem bers of the family of nations." The new era, the professor hopes, may give to ourselves responsible leadership instead of government by mass meeting, a trained and thoroughly organized administrative service, instead of I administration by men privately nominated and blindly elected; a new notion of terms of office and of standards of policy. I FREE HOMES Rufuft Rockwell Wilson, in an interesting paper on the Hou. Galusha A. Grow and the homestead act, of which he is the author, contributed to The Wordl's Work for March, after referring to the issue of the first pat ent to Dr. Freeman In 1863, says: "During the thirty-eight years that have since elapsed, more than 200,000,000 acres of public lands hay* been entered, and more than 4,000.000 people have obtained free homes under the operation of the homestead act, while a tract far exceeding in area all th* thirteen original states has been peopled. And the homesteader still has a long future before him, for, of public land still remain ing open to settlement, Montana has 70,000,000 acres, Nevada 60,000,000, New Mexico 55.000,000 and Arizona a little more than 53,000,000. The long procession which Dr. Freeman headed has not yet halted: it still moves on, and its march will probably continue until the last available acre of public lands has been handed over by the government for the use of its citizens." Mr. Grow succeeded David Wilmot in con gress and has been a republican since the organization of that party. During his sin gle term as speaker he presided over three sessions of the house, and when the sinews of war had to be provided in 1861, he was the directing Bpirit in the making of provision for the conflict. And Mr. Grow is still a member of congress from Pennsylvania. New York: Doubleday, Page & Co. May Tarn the Table* on Va. Louisville Post. If the hanging of negroea does not cease in the north and west, it may become the pain ful duty of the people of south to hold indig nation meetings to denounce their northern brethren. The Brave Tin Soldier BY EDITH WYATT. Copyright 1901 by S. 3. McClurc Co. Fritzie Gross was a good-natured, blus tering young Jewish bachelor, living iv a boarding-house on Lincoln avenue, when h« was not on the road. He was a traveling salesman for Fred Einstein's clothing house, a blonde, ruddy German Jew, rather small, unwearying in practical Jokes. Mrs. Einstein and htr Mister aaid he was just as full of fun as he could be, and th<v not only laughed at his jokes, but believed In hit stories. These were always various instances of his own courage; their scene an office or a railway car; their circumstance the &ffer to the spirited Fritzie of some dis tasteful statement made by another man. their event. the- cowing and Tout of the otter liuiii in sucii terms as, "I'll pitch you dov.'n stars if I hear some' more talk like that," I says. "Vain to get pitch down stairs?" 1 says. '-Vant to get pitch down stairs right avay kvick?" ;While no one'exactly believed these stor ,l'ies, yet, somehow, Fritzte Gross was ad mired ,for them;- and whenever he was In Chicago he went to the Einstein-s to swagger and laugh-with the expansive Fred and his many family friends and to play with his children., They called him Uncle Fritzie, and they were all riotously fond of him; but, his best friends' ■ among them* were Selma and Becky, the eldest, children, two very pretty Httl* |irls, on.- 13' the other 14 years old. VSelma was dark and large, with a clear, olive coloring, eyes dusky and giorius and smooth, black hair, hanging in braids, swept back from a brow calm with all the loveli ness of . childhood and the domestic affec tion of her house. Beck's hair was curly, and hung loose /abou,t her shoulders and down around ;her ■ywaist; . She was much lighter and thinner than* Selma.- Her dresses swung gracefully around ankles straight and slender, and trip ping little, feet, beautifully shod.. Her skin was very white and her eyes blue and spar kling with the fierceness of a rather spoiled temper., .To Selma and Becky, Fritzie Gross liked to bring presents of ■ Roman sashes and gauze fans and jeweled buckles. He liked to have them down town, to sit at little tables in sparkling candy stores and drink soda water and eat pink-and-white ice cream. But espe cially he liked'to take them.to the matinee. It yras delightful to him to sit in the lighted • theater, with the gay music"-of comic opera sounding in some familiar overture, and Sel ma and Becky,blooming and happy on either side in "■'. light summer, silks, Voiding flower- Ing leghorn hats in.their laps. In the winter he would take them sleigh riding and skating. As soon as the ice was frozen over in the park he and Selma and Becky would start out with skrte bags, late in the afternoon, after school v.-as over. Be fore they could reach it, the North Pond would jf be- covered with skaters—little boys plunging madly, young girls gracefully dip ping and whirling; men swooping and strid ing; swinging skirts, bright-tipped hats and caps, dark coats and jackets, darting and flying under the blue winter sky, among the brown-and-white slopes, and the pillaring black tree trunks of the cold'park.. Fritzie Gross would wear a gaudy' purpie tippet and ..a. toboggan cap, and from his dress and manner of beating himself and of magnificently breasting the gale, one might have supposed the moderate winter gayeties of Lincoln park invested with all. the con ditions of Canadian-or Russian seasons." He dashed around, noisily buckling ladies' skates, and- whizzing delighted, shrieking children about the, ; pond, and showing off, cutting figure eights in the ice and skating backward with his scarf floating in the breeze. "'" When Fred Einstein came to watch some times. Fritzie Gross would teeter on one foot and tell him of different masterly scenes on the ice ponds, one, in particular; of a man of astonishing meekness, at Humboldt Park, who clumsily skated in a lady's way, and was told by Frizt Gross to "Get out of this park— get out already." Fritzie imitated his foe, replying, in a low, whining key, "Certainly, sir." "Get out of this park, I tell you, and go take a few skate lessons." One very cold winter the lake froze as far out as the crib. People took walks on the ice, and skaters crowded to the lake shore. It was at this time that SMina, Becky and Uncle Fritzie, very lively and noisy, started out, one afternoon, to skate on the lake. It was a fine, cold day. Across the bare, pray paths and roads of thp park, glittering with little white pockets of snow and blue splinters of ice, t*iey walked out to the shore, and there their afternoon spread be fore them. The sky was blue and dazzling with stream ing winter sunlight. In its unfathomable heights hung and floated snowy masses of toppling cloud, and nuderneath the ice-clad lake repeated in the colors of its calm scope the white and azure splendor of the heavens. Up to the horizon the veiled waters spread co'id"and vast; and north and south they met the city's smoke-hung shores, in hoary, sweeping line. A little breeze blew from the land: the air was cold as water in one's mouth, and it seemed to the children they could hardly wait to strap their skates and be off, flying over the frozen surface. Thjq seized each other's hands and shouted as they darted along the curve of the little sandy beech of their start, and out toward where a few other people were whizzing, black specks against the phite plain. They skated on and on—the fresh wind blowing behind, the stinging air in their faces, the free scope ahead, all ex hilarated them, and they had gone perhaps a mile when they saw across the dazzling field before them a wide, bla«k bar. The ice had broken there, and at a little distance from its edge a crowd of people stood, or slowly skated, looking at the gulf. Uncle Kritzie made the little girls sit down on the ice and took off their skates, noisily for the benefit-of the crowd: '•It is best—best to afooid all danger. Yon little slide too far, vhere vould you be so kvick? Vat vouli your mamma say to me then?" He kept tis own skates on, however, and with great difficulty balanced himself, to the admiration of all, by sticking one skate point into the ice. While they werp standing look ing at the black, lapping water, they saw skating toward it, a few yards from them, a little boy. He was plunging forward, swing ing his bowed arms, his cap pulled down over his eyes to protect them from the glare. He was going as fast as he could. They all cried out to him in one 1 common voice of horror. But his impulse had been too strong. He turned a questioning little face to them as his skate runner slid over the verge, and he was gone. A woman in the crowd began to wring her bands and groan. Men and boys glanced nervously at each other and the water, and they all with one accord moved ne-arer to it Meanwhile Uncle Fritzie had unbuckled his skates and thrown off his coat: his ruddy face had turned white. He ran along the ice to where the little boy had fallen, his high shoulders twitching, his purple tippet floating behind. Here- he turned, half facet the crowd, raised his chin proudly, and waved a reas suring hand to Selma and Becky. Everybody Shouted and he dived. Whether he reached the little boy: whether some undertow held them down; whether they came up under the ice, no one ever knew. In the sight of the watchers they did not come to the surface again. " It was a comfort to the little bey's mother to see the Einsteins, and weep with their bereavement. Fritzie Gross had uo relatives; but remote kindred were proud to mourn him. Black Mhii Han \o Choice. Indianapolis News. A negro m^ner of Camden, Mo., who killed a white miner in self-defense, he said, was lynched by a mob. The negro then, if his statement be true, had the alternative of being killed by one white man or a hundred. There is little choice between such alterna tives. In Sure of a Customer. Sioux City Journal. John L. Sullivan is now officiating as trav eling salesman for an eastern distillery. Business is bound to be good whether John sells much or not. l»e for the lale of Pinen. Pittsburg Dispatt h. The desire to secure that additional island is now justified on the theory that if the Cu bans refuse us roaling stations, the navy will have to go to the Isle of Pines and get wood. FRIDAY EVENING, MARCH 8, 190f. MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL'S CURRENT TOPICS SERIES (Copyright, 1901, by Victor P. Lawson.) PAPERS BY EXPERTS AND SPECIALISTS OF NATIONAL REPUTATION. AMERICAN LIFE A CENTURY AGO. Hl.-BO\.\KTS THAT OIK (iItAMI HOTHKRS WOKK (By Alice Morse Karl, author of "Costume in Colonial Times," "Home Life in Colonial Days, ' China Collecting in America, ' etc.) We learn from the newspapers of 18(!l what headgear was for sale—"straw, v cane, willow and chip bonnets; maids" village si law bonnets; women's and dames' bag, gipsy, Volney, Leghorn, Norway and Oar liand straw bonnets." These straw bonnets wen* worn in winter as well as In summer, chiefly in the morning, and were tied on the head with a crimson silk handkerchief. The working In tiraw has ever been a work of women, as was also its invention. Mrs. Isa bel iJenton of Beeston, Leeds, Knglaud, iv- * ' - l"?* '. ' ■ : ■ .* _ t WALKING DRESS AND ESVENING DRESS, lMo'l. vented straw hats in the time of Charles 1., and maintained herself and a large family thereby. In a work written by a Pennsylvania Qua ker in 1685 he urges that schools be provided where girls may be taught among other arts and mysteries "the making of straw works, such as hats and baskets." His useful hint was not carried out in any fullness till a century later, when many Americans awoke to the simultaneous consciousness that the costly and intricate straw bonnets made of the beautiful Italian braids could be suc cessfully imitated at home. Handsome Leg horn hats cost $20 to ?30. The first American inventor who was accorded a patent by the British government was a woman, Mrs. Sy billa Masters of Philadelphia, and it was for a method of using straw and palmetto for making hats. The first patent issued to a woman by the government of the l"nited States was also for an invention in straw bonnets. A third woman, a young girl named Betsy Metcalf of Providence, R. 1., started the manufacture of "straw headgear in this [ country. The Turban anil the Calash. Heavy beaver hats, with rolling brims like men's hats, were worn in full dress, and hats of velvet and satin: but the most character istic headgear of the first quarter of the eighteenth century was the turban; it out lasted changes of all scrts in other details of the costume. Nine-tenths of the women's portraits of that day, in youth and old age, display a turban. Great scarfs of gauze and net adorned or formed these turbans and strings of beads festooned them. Gold fringe | was a favorite decoration. The soft white turbans of crape and gauze were very becom ing to young women. A very odd and characteristic headgear was the calash. It had been invented to wear ■with the pompadours and powdered heads of the eighteenth century, but remained in favor till IS4O. It was shaped like a chaise top, was stiffened with canes or whalebones and could be pulled over the face. Wig's and Other Styles for the Hair. We have from letters and diaries of the day occasional glimpses of the fashions. Eliza tfouthgate Browne, a very spirited WOMEN'S DRESS IX 1832. young girl of 17, wrote at that time during her visits to Boston and Now York frequent ami interesting letters to her mother, and she opened the year ISoO thus: "Now, mama, what do you think I am going to ask for?—a wig. Eleanor has a new one ju^t like my hair ami only $5. 1 must either cut my hair or have one. 1 cannot dress it at all stylish. Mrs. Coffin bought Eleanor's and says she will get me one just like it; how much time it would save-^in one year we could save it in pins and paper, besides the trouble. At the assembly 1 was quite ashamed of my head, for nobody has long hair. If you will consent to my having one, do send me over a $."> bill by the post immediately after you receive this, for I am in hopes to have It for the next assembly. Do send me word Immediately if you can let me have one. It is not to be wondered that wigs had to be worn, the hair had been so tortured, so craped, Rtuffod, pomatumed, powdered and • •uried, that few women had any hair left. Mine. Tallien had thirty wigs of various col ors u:id Bhapes. This fashion lasted but a. lew years, varying with cropped heads. While the fashions of the town followed the modes of Paris, in the country simple modes prevailed An English traveler, Mr. Lambert, wrote thu.s in 1813 of the dress of New England women. Their light hair is tastefully turned up be hind in the modern style and fastened with a comb. Their dress is neat, simple and genteel, usually consisting of a printed cotton Jacket with long sleeves, a petticoat of the same, with a colored cotton apron or pincloth without sleeve 3 tied tight and covering the lower part of the bosom. Peter Parley gives an almost identical de- Bcriptioa of women's dress at that date. Graceful Fashion* Lately Revived. There is no doubt that the fashion for woman's dress of the year 1830 was c-Qarm- ing, though overdone. The leg-of-mutton si^eve was graceful, but a little too large; the shoulders were prettily displayed above a line of fine lace, but the line was too hori zontal, in evening dress it made the gown appear to be slipping off the shoulders. The nape of the np-k was left wholly exposed, and the hair was drawn up to the top of the head and down in front in a strained mode. The wide, full dress skirts were a little too short, for they displayed the ankles; the lace collarettes* and capes were too straight. The bodir-e was too plain and the straight waist lines were poor. Still, tha whole dress was pretty, and the modes all <L -erved the revival they have had during the last few years—a revival which Is, after all, rather surprising, for it extends even to the details—for instance, ermine and chinchilla, the furs of 1830, and osprey feathers and aigrettes, and point applique and similar laces. Our modern adoption oi these modes was not in extreme. Our leg-of-mutton. sleeves were not stiffened with whalebones nor stuffed with down pillows. Our skirts were longer, and we had beautiful and use ful capes, instead of Ecarfs and shawls, and we had not the same ungainly form of hair dressing. One curious and yet graceful ornament of the fashion of IS2U to 1840 we did uot revive. I refer to the feronniere, or band around tho head, from which depended a jewel or orna ment over the middle of the forehead, as may en in scores of portraits. With the smothly banded or ringleted hair it gives to every countenance a curiously submissi%-e iook, as if the jewel were hung on a slave it is, I believe, an oriental fashion. This feronniere was often composed of fine gold Venetian chain; sometimes also of black vel vet ribbon, of fine vines or artificial flowers, of silken cord, or strings of beads. By 1837 the style of the gown was sllghtly changed. The bodice became pointed and the waist smaller; the sleeves also were smaller, and a pelerine was worn tight-drawn over the folded arms. The skirts were longer. The girlish portraits of Queen Victoria snow these modes. Bows of ribbon down the dres3 front and large oval brooches were ail the fashion. Muffs, bouquets, fans and para sols all were smaller, and a general skimpi- ness of costume prevailed—a forerunner of the.meek and mild type of the modes which were established and beloved la the year IS4O. gfes c/£kst (oan£c.] "After" Not "To." Sioux City Tribune. 1 The report that J. Pierpont Morgan will go to Europe "-la undoubtedly an error. Mr. • Morgan is going after it. Knjoy It and Be Thankful, , Seattle Post-Intelligencer. A Missouri paper sagely observes that "the fascination of kissing, cannot be explained." Why try? '.'"'.*:".: ":■*■' "' : ''