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jo urn JUNIOR 1 MtoufSfmlfc^^' *&* P* I tJBH O Wilt ißF*#*.-^r*^.MW<mwi i I'nniimwwwiui.w— nwi^Mfl ( r^ ■JTmbßi 'Si P - -1 I HI W 14H Id■ ■■MMipiMMWiMiBV «S Rt~'-4S BHb BU* n/n9B W>- ■ tump B#« PRESIDENT MoKINLEY READING HIS INAUGURAL ADDRESS ON THE STEPS OF THE CAPITOL LAST MONDAY Copyright Photograph by C. M. Bell. WHAT GOV. GEN. WOOD HAS DONE Smith B. Hall Thinks Him a Success in Cuba, in Spite of What Captious Washington Correspondents Say. i "fit «wB i I ■ vl'/ ilKi HPI v ~ 5/ m I I tffi hf JB I! «H> I MAJOR QENTSRAL LEONARD WOO According to several Washington corre spondents Major General Wood has been a failure as a diplomat in Cuba. They seem to think that a sort of a political David Harum would have been able to have con ■ trolled the situation better for the McKin ley administration and to have reconciled the radical Cuban leaders to "the pur poses of this government," whatever that means. I have not the temerity to enter into a dispute with a Washington correspondent on that point. He understands the poli tical confidence game of diplomacy, which Webster defines as the "art of securing advantages" -better than I, but I do dislike to see General Wood's administration written down as a failure, to have it rep resented that he has been merely a. good chief of police,"' that he is not in touch with men of affairs, has let things drift, and controls the situation only by author ity of arms." Any military commander could have done that, it is argued. Undoubtedly the administration is disap pointed tnd the American people are dis appointed to find the Cubans not only un grateful, but childishly perverse in refus ing to recognize that the United States has the moral right to safeguard its own interests in the framing of a constitution lor the proposed republic defining the re lation* of the two countries. It has been an unpleasant revelation amounting to a shock to learn after fight ing for the Cubans and spending more than $400,000,000 in the war brought on by our efforts to save them from practical ex termination by the Spaniards that they •want us to "get out," especially when we have become responsible for their future good conduct; to have them deny us coal ing stations and still expect us to protect them from foreign aggressions. It is ex asperating and all that, btit is General Wood to be blamed for the pig-headedness, moral blindness, narrow-mindedness, and ifilocy of a clique of conspirators whom the Cubans allow to be their leaders in this grave crisis? %o Bay mind General Wood has acted THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNiE M THE INAUGURATION D. TJ. S. A., GOVERNOR OF CUBA. ■with the greatest shrewdness in dealing with the Cubans in open fairness, and not trying to outwit them. He has given them all the rope they asked and they have proceeded to hang themselves. They have demonstrated their unfltness for self-gov ernment before they acquired the power to do much damage. They have shown the shallownesa of their '"patriotism" and the dishonesty of their intentions, besides ex posing their ingratitude. In brief, he has made them "tip their hand" for our fu ture guidance. Your cute diplomat would probably have tried to "string them along" to give a semblance of acquiescence either to an nexation or government under a protec torate, which I presume is what is in*ant by "serving the purposes of this govern ment." The confidence of congress in the ad ministration's honesty of purpose, how ever, would not have been won but for General Wood's undiplomatic course. Fif teen months ago this confidence did not exist. The appearance of Brother Abner McKinley and other financial diplomats at Havana had excited the suspicion that th#| island was to be turned over to the trusts and syndicates to fatten upon, and the Foraker bill was jammed through congress to head off their getting hold of any fran chiss fc I was sent to Cuba by a Cincinnati editor who was so excited over the situa tion that I was given only two hours' no tice and didn't have time even to pack a trunk. There had been a great deal of annexa tion talk and General Woods appointment to succeed General Brooke, who had been denounced as "un-American," was sur mised to mean the encouragement of that plan. I was to get signed statements from leading Cubans as to just what they wanted. In an American city a reporter would have little difficulty in getting people to declare their preferences? upon such a proposition, but not so in Cuba. They were as non-committal as so many cove oysters. They were waiting to hear Gen eral Wood declare himself, so they could SATURDAY EVENING, MARCH 9, 1901 Jump with the cat ■when the bag was opened and be on the winning side. When he arrived and gave it out that "Cuba was to be free and Independent," they were every man jack of them for inde pendence. Men with business interests, and Spaniards whose safety actually de pended upon the presence of American troops, were dumb when asked about an nexation. "I heard General "Wood make his first announcement as to what his policy would be. It was at a dinner at which only him self and newspaper men were present- Here are his words just as I jotted them down on a menu card: I mean to shape my administration with the chic object in view of giving the island to the Cubans just as soon as It is demon strated that they are capable of self-govern ment. I have positive Instructions on that point. I hope to give them an object lesson that will teach them that stability of gov ernment depends absolutely on justice being shown to all classes, irrespective of social standing, politics or religion. On the reform of the judiciary, which will carry with it a careful revision.of the laws now in force, and the education of the people by a school system, based upon the American plan, I rely chiefly to accomplish this grand result. Gradually the Americans employed in the different departments of the government are to be withdrawn and Cu bans substituted. Mine is not to be a mili tary administration in the usual sense of the word. I do not expect to use soldiers to enforce laws, and I expect to use the same methods as does the governor of any state of the union. I think the honor of America is at stake now more than ever. I expect co operation from my countrymen here and at home to further the efforts I shall put forth with ail the energy I am capable of to make Cuba free in the complete sense of the word. "With the understanding that he was not. to be quoted, General Wood volun teered to answer any questions, and he talked over the situation very cordially. I remember that he gave two years as his estimate as the time necessary to fit the Cubans for self-government, of which time but little more than one-half has expired. He asked the correspondents to be careful of their assertions, to in vestigate and not jump at conclusions, and said he would be found to be ac cessible and ready at all times to give information. He absolutely kept faith in this respect, and what was more, seemed to be as good a judge as to what constituted news as the ablest of correspondents. There was little use of a writer exercising his fancy by guessing as to this or that probability when he could get accurate information at the palace for the asking. So the "pipe dreams" from Havana that had been an noying the administration at Washington, ceased In a large measure because of General Wood's "lack of diplomacy," his knowledge of human nature, and faith in newspaper men. General Wood struck me as being about the best all-around executive I have seen in a public position. He has the power of application or concentration to an un usual degree. He would have made a fine managing editor on a big newspaper, and would acquit himself well in any. po sition requiring quick judgment and the SENATOR GAMBLE AND HIS FAMILY SENATOR R. J. GAMBLE. Special to The Journal. Yanktcn, S. D., March 9.—The bar of V ankton has bad among its members, a number of men -whose names have been a credit to the state and to the profession. Most prminent among them has been fnat of Robert J. Ganiblfc, late of the firm of Gamble & Dillon, lately dissolved on Mr. Gamble's election to the United States senate. Mr. Gamble has practiced law in Yankton for twen ty-five years, and has gained an enviable reputation as a statesman and a business man. In 1894 he was elected congressman, de feated in 1896. He was a candidate for re-election in 1900, but withdrew from the congressional field and accepted tne almost unani mous call to the United States senate, and on March 4 took bis seat in that body. Mrs. Carrie Osborne Gamble, wife of thtne new senator from Soufh Dakota, is a lady of prominence in Yankton, being a leader in church and social circles. She is a native of Minnesota, but for the pa«t eighteen years has resided in Yankton. Ralph A. Gamble, the 15»year-old «oa. and only child, was born in Yanktoa. He is a general favorite among his fellow pla* mates, a bright and promising lad. faculty of rapidly taking up diversified matters of detail and making the dis position of each the sole object of thought for the time being. I saw him receive 300 people at Santi ago on a flying trip he had made from Havana partly by water and partly by riding at breackneck speed on horseback across the country. He disposed of the business completely in six hours. Catch ing sight of me in the anteroom, he sent out to learn what I wanted. When he was told that I had traveled the length of the island for an interview, he sent back word: "Write out your questions so I can think them over and I'll see you at the ball to-night." True to his promise, after holding a reception and walking through a dance, he c <r ; ie to me. We sat in the patio or courtyard, where he dic tated his impressions of his trip for twenty minutes. In the meantime, Cuban notables, military officers and other who were almost ready to fight for the priv ilege of meeting him, had gathered around us in a circle, but he apparently saw none of them, and was as much alone with his thoughts as if no one were pres ent. General Wood has followed out the policy outlined in the little interview I have quoted to the letter. He first lo cated the troops in all the towns and cities on the outskirts so there would be no appearance of military supervision, leaving the preservation of peace to the native police and rural guard, composed also of Cubans. He inspected the prisons and ordered the release of several hun dred poor wretches who had been confined for litle or no cause. The hospitals came next. He pushed the schools with such vigor that within a year there was an at tendance of 150,000 pupils at 3,000 schools with 3,500 teachers. He put in force a decree allowing the giving of state's evidence to be received in mitigation of punishment as in this country, and at once organized a commission to revise the Spanish code and laws. What he accom plished in the way of sanitation and other municipal reforms has been little short of miraculous. The first week he was In Cuba he began "sending for the leaders of various politi cal factions who had been stirring up dis sension. Most of them were soon provid ed with offices of one sort or another and rumors of revolution much more threat ening than now speedily ceesed in spite of the fact that he was not a "diplomat" ac cording to the plans and specifications of the Washington correspondents. He stayed up nights to meet the Cubans and cultivate their* friendship at their innumerable balls and parties. He and the heads of the departments entertained far beyond the limitations of salaries of military officers for this purpose, and it was money well spent. While he felt compelled to suppress public gambling, cock-fighting and bull-fighting, he tried to offset it by encouraging outdoor sport's and spectacles of one kind and another, for the Cubans must have something do ing in the way of shows or they are as unhappy as children not allowed to play. He paved the way for the spring elec tions so quietly that instead of riots and insurrections freely predicted, there seemed to be almo3t a lack of interest. When he issued his order for the con- If 4riH MRS. CARRIE OSBORKBS GAMBLE. Mjun* tap FV»«nli *"-i. In ' i ___—, — • ■ OLD-TIME INAUGURAL BALLS The old-time inaugural ball Invitations reproduced above were lent to Th cJo vm a 1 by Edwin Clark of this pity, who, in 1857 Jn company with W. A. Croffut, started the Falls Evening News, the first daily paper at St. Anthony Falls. >Ir. Clark says that the newspaper venture was not highly remunerative during the years immediately following, consequently when the late W. S. King owner of the rival paper, the Atlas, made hi m a reasonable offer for the printing establi shm«nt in 1863; ha accepted it, and took tem porary employment as a clerk in the house of representatives at Washington. While th ere he occasionally gathered interesting souvenirs, the above among them. The one he values the least was Dr. Thomas' permit to enter the Kalorama (smallpox) hospi tal as a patient, and the one he most highly prizes is a commission issued to him in 1565 as U. S. Indiau agea-t for file Chippewas of Minnesota and Dakota by Presldeut Ivincol n, signed only two days before his assassin ation. stitutional convention he stated explicit ly that the delegates must frame a con stitution for a free and stable govern ment, and define the relations between the new republic and the United States, and that the instrument must be sub mitted to congress for approval. That the benighted Cubans did not prepare such a constitution as the United States could, would or shou'd adopt, is a mistake hard ly to be laid at his door. It is charged by one Washington cor respondent that he made a mistake in arranging for a small convention of thirty-one delegates, whereas a larger convention would have aided the con servative party to assert itself. This is mere conjecture at very long range. That the result would not have been dif ferent, it seems to me, is attested by the fact that Maximo Gomez had but to issue a few days before election a pronuncia mento saying that only revolutionists should have seats in the convention in order to secure the defeat of all the con servative candidates save one. This pronunciamento was practically notice for all the Spanish-born Cubans to keep away from the polls, and as a result hut half the registered vote was cast. What diplomacy could prevail against an influence like that. Even coercion could not have. Isn't it likely too that this same in fluence which drove voters away from the polls controlled the convention absolutely, and was exerted in the direction of a con stitution without recognizing the right of the United States to intervene for the pro tection of what promise to be vast com mercial interests, the protection of Amer icans and the 65,000 Spanish citizens who have secured for themselves, under the treaty of aPris, the protection of the United States government? This idea of what it is to be "free and independent" looks mightily as though it might be derived from the dictation of this same Maximo Gomez whose San Do mingo training fitted him for the leader ship of the revolutionists. Up to date it seems to me as if Gen eral Wood had managed the Cuban ques tion and situation pretty well, considering the fact that he was given the impossible task of satisfying the Cuban leaders with out giving them what they want, what they have schemed years for, starved for and fought for — "Cuba libre" without any string to it. , —Smith B. Hall. THE CAMERA CLUB The first part of Robert Koehler's lec ture to the Camera Club on Wednesday was in the nature of a chapter from the history of art. That part of his lecture more directly relating to photography was illustrated by a number of beautiful por traits, as well as illustrations from pho tographic magazines and other sources. Next week slides from Newark and Philadelphia will be shown. As the Phil adelphia club to-day occupies a prominent place in American photography and has a number of members capable of turning out first class work, their set of slides ought to be of high standard, and mem bers will be well repaid by'turning out to this exhibition. The Minneapolis set of slides is meeting with much approval round the circuit. The following is an excerpt from a letter by a member of the Chicago Society of Amateur Photographers, where the Min neapolis set has just been shown: "Your box of this year is the best in general that we have seen for years. I mean in variety of subject, execution, etc. All on a very even standard and that of high excellence." Members are again requested to bear in mind that all prints for the forthcoming exhibition must be in the hands of the committee by April 1. On March 20 a demonstration in Flashlight Photography will be given by H. E. Murdock. "■ vHH^hk * '"' RALPH A. GAMBLE. •vTM aa''Tf — ir y SOCIAL SUCCESS OF THE MCKINLEY ADMINISTRATION Records Show the President's First Term as the Most Hospitable and Brilliant Since the War. Prom the social standpoint the first ad- ministration of President McKinley has been notable. It was predicted four years ago, that Mrs. McKinley's delicate health would prevent many of the state functions now regarded as obligator}' upon the presi dent and his household. Far from this be ing the case, the administration has been the most brilliant and hospitable since the civil war. Only four of the state receptions lapsed because of death or illness. The New Year of 1898 found the president and Mrs. Mc- Kinley mourning the death of the former's venerable mother, and the customary re ception at the White House was not held. The president this winter was obliged to withdraw invitations to three receptions— those to ths judiciary, the congress and the army and navy. President and Mrs. McKinley have been careful to respond to the hospitality ex tended by the members of their official family. None of the secretaries of his cabinet has prepared a feast in his honor at which the president was too busy to attend. This example might be commend ed to the attention of many statesmen at the capital -who labor under lighter bur dens than the president. It is no uncom mon disappointment for a Washington hostess to prepare a fete in honor of a distinguished statesman and then have the guest of honor send a tardy excuse for his absence. In addition to the routine functions President and Mrs. McKinley have pre sided over some entertainments which are recorded in national and international an nals. Adiodk these were the banquets to President Dole, to Prince Albert of Bel gium, to President Iglesias of Costa Rica, to Premier Laurier of Canada and to Ad miral Dewey, and the state dinners in honor of the joint high commission, the peace commission to conclude the Span ish-American ware nd the commissioners to the Paris Exposition. The social success of the early portion of the administration was largely due to the kindly hospitality of Vice President and Mrs. Hobart. It is seldom that two people became so endeared to the general public as they did. Their entertainments, simple but elegant, are still a theme of pleasant recollections. Mr. Hobart ably seconded his chief, just as Mrs. Hobart was the main dependence of Mrs. Mc- Kinley. The friendship between the four people was of that rare devotion seldom seen in public life. The vice president gave more entertainments in the two years of his official life than moat hosts can crowd into four, and he and his wife are said to have been the most feted peo ple who ever figured in official life. Mrs. Sherman added but little to the so cial history of the early administration. She was in feeble health and barely able to preside at the obligatory hospitalities of her home. To Mrs. Gage, Mrs. Russell A. Alger and Mrs. James A. Gray must be accorded the social supremacy of the first half of the administration after Mrs. Hobart. ' Mrs. Gage Is still at her post, and has the honor, -with Mies Wilson, of being the IOWA DEBATERS WITH SOUTH DAKOTA 1- C'vTv * *■' *?a^^F.^'jT^SHP^^^-'^ ■**'• v^^ffiS HbOHl^^' '*"t?Swri™B" ■♦ ■ Bt oft i JBj IbS jIBb BSbw^ BBib^^ FRED A LBERT, Reinb eck. J. W. MARTIN, Fonda. Special to The Journal. lowa City, lowa, March 9.—The Philomathian Society of the state university of lowa will have a debate with the University of South Dakota at VermilHon about the Ist or April. The men representing the Philomathian Society are Hugh S. Buffum of Le Roy, Iowa; J. W. Martin of Fonda, lowa, and Fred Albert of Reinbeck, lowa. The question submitted by South Dakota is: "Resolved, That the Porto Rican tariff act ia in accord ance with the principles of American government." The team from lowa ha« chosen the negative side o£ tho question. GAVE HER A REST. Mr. Borem —She asked me to sing, and insisted upon encore after encore. Miss Pepprey—Yes, she told me after ward that anything was better than sit ting there and talking to you all ev&cing. jn* part n _■'".- JSTJXJSu A .j A* - - *• so TTBJSL At JIT JSTIOB ; . . only hostess of the original cabinet ladles who will participate officially in the fes tivities of the second administration. Mrs. John D. Long, wife of the secretary of the navy, is a confirmed invalid and but rarely comes to the capital. Socially the administration has not lost by the numerous cabinet changes. The hostesses who at present preside over the homes of the cabinet officers are repre sentative women in every particular and have tendered hospitality generously. Mrs; John Hay was a leader in Wash ington society many years before her hus band acecpted a cabinet portfolio. She is a woman of fine presence and carries her self with dignity and reserve. She is the hostess par excellence of the diplomatic corps. She understands all the niceties of social diplomatic etiquette. No lapses from the strict dignity which hedges around the exalted office of secretary of state are permitted by her. Mrs. Hay before her marriage was Miss Clara Stone, daughter of Amasa Stone of Cleveland. She is a native of the presi dent's natal state, a distinction shared by Mrs. Gage, and Mrs. John W. Griggs. As Mrs, Hitchcock and Miss Wilson were born respectively in Missouri and lowa, the west has the predominating influence in the feminine portion of cabinet circles. Mrs. Gage is a handsome, stately woman who has made scores of friends, official and unofficial, during her residence here. She is quiet in her tastes, cordial in her manners and possessed of that inestimable gift, tact, Mr. and Mrs. Gage entertain lavishly, but their functions are all unos tentatious. Mrs. Elihu Root, wlf3 of the secretary of war, Is a cordial, gracious hostess to the lowly as well as to the great, and she has shown as much ability in dealing witli the delicate social questions in the army set as Mr. Root has in handling the great er problems of his department. The wife of the retiring attorney-gen eral, Mrs. Griggs, is a universal favorite. Mrs. Griggs is the youngest of the cabinet matrons. The Misses Griggs, daughters of the attorney-general by a former mar riage, made their debut here and are thor oughly identified with the fashionable life of the capital. Mrs. Charles Emory Smith, wife of the postmaster general, is a pleasant, kindly hostess, who has quietly but surely added to the popularity of the administration. Mrs. Ethan Allen Hitchcock, wife of the secretary of the interior, has been one of the most generous hostesses in the cabinet set. She has established quite a repu tation as a giver of good dinners, and with her two daughters is admired not only in. political circles but among all classes of polite society at the capital. Miss Flora Wilson, daughter of the sec retary of agriculture and the presiding lady of his home, is a charming young woman with cordial, engaging manners. She has made her father's home one of the most popular resorts at the capital. Throughout the four years Bhe has un remittingly dispensed the hospitalities at her own home and appeared at the White House when her presence was required. HUGH 8. BUFFCK, Le Roy. A CLEAN RECORD. Gushley—Colonel Bluenose boasts that in all his experience as a soldier he never knew what it m«ant to retreat. Lushley—Why, he doesn't even know what It means to treat oa.ce.