Tshe JOURNAL JUNIOR..
Mm Harris An son i . - Editor.
The Junior Is published by the Minneapolis Journal for the public
■chool children of the northwest, in and above the fifth grade, and is de
voted principally to their own writings. There is no expense attached,
and all are welcomed as competitors. The editor wishes to encourage cor
respondence and suggestions from teachers. All correspondence should
be addressed to the Editor Journal Junior.
Hither and Yon.
IN HIS inaugural address President McKinley said: "Our
diversified productions, however, are Increasing in such
unprecedented volume as to admonish us of the necessity ot
Btill further enlarging our foreign markets by broader commer
Now we have heard this before, many times and in many
variations, but if you will take a map and follow out our pres
ent markets, you will undoubtedly be a little startled to see
where we-have already gone.
Leaving out the European countries, which almost universal
ly take our products, from molasses to bicycles, even Russia, the
half-civilized, calling for our ropes, railway appliances, agricul
tural implements, leather goods, etc., and not counting in our
new island possessions, the facts still remain that we are com
mercially .known in the small states of northern Africa, in Egypt,
Persia, Abyssinia, India, the East Indies, Australia, South Africa,
China, Japan, Mexico, and all through South America. Naturally,
too, Canada is one of our patrons.
And now a little study as to what these goods are. In nearly
•▼cry country cotton goods, tools and machinery figure, while our
shoes are rapidly walking into favor close behind. Canned goods
Co even among the semi-civilized, and typewriters, bicycles and
•ewing machines reveal that the old world is beginning to follow
in the footsteps of the quickest working nation on earth. Ameri
can clocks are telling time in every quarter of the world, while
American built locomotives and machinery are helping the march
of civilization. One other manufacture that also features largely
everywhere is our scientific apparatus.
When Americans begin to study this matter seriously they
eanuot help but ask, "How in the world did those old countries
erer get on before we began to make things for them?" To tell
the truth, the world did not get along half so well until the
United States began to help, and the reason that we have suc
ceeded in making all these things so that the rest of the world
demands them is because from the very start we considered noth
ing could be made too well for our own use right here at home.
Where Drawing' Is Useful.
Perhaps a goot many of the Juniors who do not feel that
fliey are "born artists." object to taking lessons in drawing, even
when the instruction is made as delightful as 'it is nowadays.
Nevertheless, keep at it. Drawing is of use to everybody, no
matter what his occupation. For instance, here is a list of only
fifty occupations where drawing is at least a great help, if not
an actual necessity:
Artists, architects, astronomers, boat builders, boilermakers,
book binders, botanists, carpenters, carriage Guilders, chemists,
civil engineers, clockmakers, contractors, decorators, designers,
dressmakers, electrical engineers, engine builders, engravers,
manufacturers of farm implements, hydraulic engineers, illustra
tors, inventors,iron workers, lecturers, landscape gardeners.litho
graphers, map and chart makers, machinery manufacturers,
mechanics, officers, mining engineers, model makers,
navigators, opticians, patent solicitors, patternmakers, physicists,
publishers, reporters, sculptors, shoe manufacturers, sign paint
ers, steam fitters, stone cutters, surveyors, tailors. This covers
the more common employments, and the list could be made to
Include another fifty or more. So, drawing is just as much of a
necessary study as some of the others, and you should all do
yoar best in it, even though there are others whose natural gifts
enable them to shine more brightFy.
Discovered Many Times.
The news has just reached Japan that China claims to have
discovered America long before Christopher Columbus came.
Since Japan won in her little difference with China some years
ago, and now especially since China has been so disgraced in the
eyes of the whole world, Japan is not willing to admit that any
thing good ever came out of China. Hence* Japanese learned ones
claim that there are documents to prove that the Japanese dis
covered the American continent before even the Chinese claim
to have done so. What difference does it make, anyway? Per
haps all the men who claim to have discovered"America, from the
fabled Lief Ericsson down to Columbus himself, are entitled to
credit The continent was big enough to accommodate a dozen
more explorers of those early days, and when it comes right
down to the truth of the matter, the world has kept discovering
something about us ever since, and still has not come to the end
ot our surprises.
President McKinley defined well the power and the respon
sibility of American citizenship when he said in his inaugural
address: "Existing problems demand the thought and quicken
the conscience of the country and the responsibility fox their
presence as well as for their righteous settlement rests upon us
all; no more upon me than upon you." The public acts of the
president usually reflect the sentiment of the majority of the
people. So if things go wrong, the people must stand their
star* of the blame.
The small boy skater, who revels in his sail, may not know
that in other parts of the world where skating is unknown, theee
■ant are put to a very practical use. In Ceylon, the native run-
Ben or express messengers, use a similar device to assist them.
Blade out of banyan leaves. Strange, Isn't it, that what Is work
iar grownups in one part of the world is play in another and en-
Japed ©oly by the younger generation T
THE JOURNAL JUNIOR, MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY,-MARCH 9, 1901.
of the Flags
COLONIAL Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revo
lution recently offered six large American flags to the six
schoolrooms in Minneapolis sending in the best papers
on George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. The former subject
was assigned to the fourth and fifth grades, the latter to the
sixth, seventh and eighth. The best two papers were then selected
from each room by the principal and teacher and sent to the
committee representing Colonial Chapter. In awarding the
prizes especial credit was given for originality of treatment.
When the committee came to read the papers they found them of
such excellence thai they added four more flags to those already
announced. The following prize psfpers on Abraham Lincoln are
printed exactly as they were written. A second installment will
follow next Saturday containing those on George Washington.
In addition to the prizes, the following are entitled to Hon
Clara Anderson, B Room, Logan; Marjorie Chase, A, Cltnton;
Tessie Jones, A, Douglas; Edward Gamelgard, B, Washington;
Bessie Ackerman, Jefferson; Nellie Erb, B, Monroe; Harry Poses,
Jefferson; Hester Ripley, Jefferson; Alma Andersoa, A. Everett;
Florence Parlin, J, Madison; William Alden, A. Sidney Pratt;
Arnold Shutter, X, Madison; Marion Maxon, A, Sidney Pratt;
Russell Johnson, H, Washington; Marjorie Boardman, J, Douglas;
Agnes Perry, D, Everett.
Agnes Perry, D Room, Everett School, was barred from the
contest for the reason that though she sits in a fourth grade room
she is only in third grade. She insisted upon entering the con
test, however, and her work compared well with that of older
Among all the heroes of ages, and their name is legion, there
13 not one truer, nobler heart, one grander soul than that of
Abraham Lincoln. The old Greek saying, "There is no very great
man without a very great fault," is,proved the rule by this
remarkable exception. And after this man had become the
greatest personage of his time, fate destined him to fall by the
bloody hand of an assassin. ; ?. . .: . :
Abraham Lincoln was born in Hardin county, Kentucky,
Feb. 12, 1809. When the boy was seven years of age the family
moved to Indiana, where Lincoln's mother died. In the same
year that Mrs. Lincoln died (1818) Thomas Lincoln, Abraham
Lincoln's father, married a certain Widow Johnston, who taught
her illiterate husband and stepson to read and write. The books
of Lincoln's childhood were : the Bible, Pilgrim's Progress,
Weem's Life of Washington and the Poems of Robert Burns.
In 1828 Abraham went on a flatboat to New Orleans, and
there became a bitter enemy of slavery. When he returned, the
family moved to Illinois. Lincoln went to New Orleans again,
and returning, engaged as a captain of volunteers in the Black
Hawk war. ■-■'■ • Cr^.^vi!
In 1834 he was elected to the legislature of Illinois. At the
next election, he was defeated and retired to private t life and
the study of law until 1840, when he # and Mr. Douglas (after
ward senator) stumped the state. In this series of debates he be
came the western. champion of the republican party, then had
not entered national politics.
X entered national politics. to Miss Mary Todd, and was
In 1839 Lincoln became engaged to Miss Mary Todd, and was
married Nov. 4, 1842. From this time till he was elected presi
dent, Lincoln's home was in Springfield, where he owned a com
trtable cottage. now acquired great reputation, and was conse-
Lincoln had now acquired great reputation, and was conse
quently elected to congress in 1846. His former rival, Mr. Doug
las, was in the senate. In the session of 1847 Lincoln introduced
a bill .for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia.
The bill met with such violent opposition that it was not brought
to a vote. with such violent opposition that it was not brought
•In 1856 Douglas ran for re-election for the senate. Lincoln
opposed him. Then began a famous series- of speeches between
Lincoln and Douglas, the principal ones being at Springfield and
Pcoria. When reports of these speeches reached the /east, Lin
coln was "invited to speak at New York. 1n.1560 he did speak
at the Cooper Institute in New York, in February. . This speech
gave the easterners to know that Lincoln was more than a mere
stump speaker, and it opened the way for his nomination at the
national republican convention, held at Chicago the same year.
After his election Lincoln sought .in every possible way to
avert war, but in vain. South Carolina and the gulf states had
already seceded and on April 12, '1861, fire was opened on Fort
Sumter. The president then called for volunteers, and the civil
war was on. An extra session of congress was called July 4, 1861.
In 1862 people so loudly called for the emancipation of the
slaves that Lincoln yielded, and on Sept. 22, 1862, shortly after
the battle ■of Sharpsburg; the preliminary proclamation was
published. Jan. 1, 1863, saw the publication of the emancipation
proclamation, declaring that no slavery should exist in the United
States or territory belonging to the United States. This was
made constitutional by the passage of the thirteenth amendment
In December, 1865. - -
President Lincoln was re-elected in 1864 and delivered his
second inaugural address. But he was not destined to live long.
On the 14th of April, 1865, he and his family were at Ford's the
ater, when Wilkes Booth drew a pistol and shot the- president
"of the United States through the brain. Early the next morning
the s martyred president expired.
Abraham Lincoln is considered as a true American patriot.
His love for his country was so great that he appointed, to fill
vacancies In his cabinet, men who had basely insulted him,
simply, because he knew them to be fitted for the office. He hated
slavery as much as any. abolitionist, yet he would not go to ex
treme measures which might ruin everything. His sole purpose
was to save the union. His emancipation proclamation was only
wrung from him by the necessities of war. In reply to a letter
from Horace Greeley he wrote: "My purpose is to save the union
and neither save nor destroy slavery. If I could save the union
by freeing some of the slaves and letting others alone, I would
do that! if I could save the union by freeing no slaves at all, I
would do that; if I could save the union by freeing all the slaves,
5 I would do that also." ■ •.'■ r,.. -.
The people who revolted against, him mourned for him as
* sincerely as did those who fought beside him and had their blood
mixed with his in martyrdom: His name shall be handed down
from father to son for generations yet to come. "One.of the few
; the immortal names that were not born to die." . ■
_; Eighth Grade, : Vv;- ' —George Kearney. -
. *V Madison School. ■-
•■■■:' . ' *> . ~
"He was a man
Take him for all in all
We shall not look upon his like again."
Abraham Lincoln, our first president from the western states,
was born Feb. 12, 1809, in Kentucky. His parents were poor and
when he was a small boy he had to help in supporting the fam
ily. He lived in a log cabin with only one room.
When Lincoln was eight years old the family moved to In
diana and shortly after his mother died. Only eighteen months
later Mr. Lincoln married again. Abraham loved his stepmother
He loved to read very much and every book he got hold of h«
read over and over. Hia school education, compared with other
great men, was very meagre, only twelve months In all, bat h«
had an educated mother who taught him.
Lincoln says of himself, "I am slow to learn and slow to
forget that which I have learned."
The books that he read were Robinson Crusoe, Aesop's Fables,
Pilgrim's Progress, The Life of Washington and the Bible.
When he was thirteen years old his father instructed him in
the carpenter trade and a year after he was employed at six
dollars a month to manage a ferry across the Ohio river.
In 1828 they moved to Illinois. When Lincoln went there he
was poor and unknown, but when he went away, thirty years
later, he was known to every one. The early part of his life
there he helped his father clear eighteen acres of land. He had
a very small supply of clothing, so he made a bargain with Nancy
Miller to make him a pair of trousers! For evwy<-yard of cloth
he was to split four hundred rails, aria as he wa* Six feet four
Inches in height it took fourteen hundred rails to pay for them.
At the age of twenty-two he went to New Orleans and there
he first saw the selling .of slaves, and he said to John Hanks, "If
ever I'get a chance to hit that institution, I'll hit it hard."
During the Black Hawk war he enlisted as a private and was
He was elected postmaster of New Salem and he established
the "free delivery" system by carrying mail around in his hat.
He was elected to the legislature four times.
On Jan. 16, 1849, he introduced a bill to abolish slavery in the
District of Columbia.
On May 16, 1860, he was nominated president and three years
later he issued the emancipation proclamation. In 1864 he was
He had perfect control of himself even' during the darkest
days of the civil war, when he had the heaviest of burdens. It
was only before his friend, Stanton, and one or two other friends,
that he was known to give way.
Stanton once said that Lincoln would come in after midnight,
throw himself down on a sofa and cry, "Stanton, these things
will kill me! I shall go mad! I can't stand It!"
He had a great sense of humor which kept him from sinking
under the weight of his burdens. When people exasperated him
he would tell a funny story and relieve himself by a hearty laugh.
His religion was simple but very real.
After the battle of Gettysburg General Sickles asked him why
he was so sure of victory, and Lincoln said: "I will tell you if
you will never tell anybody. Before the battle I went into my
little room and got down on my knees and prayed to God as I had
never prayed before. I told Him that this was His war that we
could not stand any more Chancellorsvilles or Fredericksburgs
and that if He would stand by me I would stand by Him; and He
did, and I will. From that hour I had no fear about Gettysburg."
On April 12, 1865, while at a theater, he was shot by J Wilke3
Booth, one of the actors. At twenty-two minutes past 7 the
next morning he died. His body was embalmed and taken to
Springfield. He was buried May 4.
"Hia monument stands as the altar of a nation's fame and his
name will live to guide the world to enfranchisement "
A Eighth Grade, -Marian Rickard.
I Room, East Side High School. |
Abraham Lincoln was a strictly self-made man. He was
born in Hardin -county, Kentucky. His parents were very poor,
his father being a carpenter without any trade, his mother a
noble woman who taught him to read and write as well as she
could. When "Abe" was only eight years old, he moved to
Spencer county, Indiana. Here he received about a year's school
ing, going to school at odd times.
In his tenth year his mother died, and poor "Abe" had all
he could do to provide food for himself and his little sister. Hi 3
father was away most of the time, but when he was at home he
• tried to help "Abe" in a rough way.
About a year after this, Thomas Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln's
father, did about the only good thing he ever did, ho married a
good woman for the sake of his children. -Frcm this woman Lin
coln received his first encouragement to study, and he borrowed
every book in the neighborhood and read them.
He studied law and surveying in his spare moments, and wa3
a good lawyer. He was also renowned for his athletic powers-,
and no one dared wrestle with him. In a fight he was always
For some time he was clerk in Gentryville. and he was so
"square and fair" that he became known as ''Honest Abe."
No corn husking nor log rolling was complete without him.
for he was a very good-natured fellow and was always ready to
make a speech.
In 1828 he made a trading voyage to New Orleans. There he
saw much of the misery created by slavery; husband separated
from Wife, mother from children, brother from sister, at a slave
sale. Then and there he vowed that if ever he should have the
power he would suppress slavery, and he did, as we shall see
In IS3O he moved to Illinois and helped his father clear land
and build a hut to live in.
•Two years after this he joined a military company, of which
he was made captain. This was during the Black Hawk war, but
Lincoln took no part in the war.
In 1834 he served in the Illinois legislature, and was dis
tinguished for his brilliant speeches. *
A few years previous to his nomination for president he was
nominated for vice president, Stephen Douglas being the demo
cratic candidate. Although Douglas was elected, Lincoln's elo
quence and good sense led to his nomination for president in 1860.
In November. 1860, he was elected president, and in March,
1861, he was inaugurated. He now had authority to help the
slaves, and he did^not forget his vow. In 1862 he issued the eman
cipation proclamation, warning the seceded states that after Jan.
1, 1863, slaves were free unless the states again joined the union!
In 1862 an amendment was made forbidding slavery forever in the
In November, 1865, Lincoln was again elected president. John
son being vice president. On the 4th of March he was again in
Oij the night of April 14th. during the time when he was lay
ing plans for pacifying the country, Lincoln was sitting in a box
in the Ford's theater in Washington, when an actor, who was half
crazed over what he thought was the wrongs of the south, crept
up behind him and shot him through the head. The assassin
then leaped over the rail of the box, shouting in Latin, "So be
it ever to tyrants." No name could be molfe unfitting to Lincoln
than that of a tyrant.
In the morning when "the tyrant" died, Seward, his secre
tary, who was the first to break the silence, said, with emotion,
"Now be belongs to the ages."
The train which bore his remains to Springfield, 111., stopped
at many large cities, and the silence with which the immense
crowds of people pressed toward the coffin to look at the body of
the dead ruler, showed a feeling too deep for words or tears.
Never in the history of the United States has so much been
made of so little, so great a man out of so humble a child. Lin-
coin may be compared with Patrick Henry, both men were of
humble origin, both became great political speakers; but, unlike
- Henry, Lincoln had not the great imagination, and, unlike Lin
coln, Henry had not so much worldly wisdom.
Lincoln was a man in every sense of the word, honest and up
right; he cherished no malice toward anybody, great or small,
and was the well wisher of all.
Washington was called the father of his country. Lincoln
maj honestly be called "The country's big brother"; for he ajr
xml | txt