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THE JOURNAL LUCIAN SWIFT, J. S. McLAIK, .v MANAGER. v EDITOR. THE: JOURNAL i« published every evening, except Sunday, at 47-49 Fourth Street South, Journal Building, Minneapolis, Minn. mmm \ m\ m "-■itn ■!■■ ■■m * JEr' C. J. Blllaon, Manager Eastern Adver tising. NEW YORK OFFICE—B6, 87, 88 Tribune building. CHICAGO OFFICE—3OB Stock Exchange building. England and Monroeism It is cabled from London that the Standard of that city, commenting upon the refusal of the British government to accept the amendments to the Hay- Puuucefote treaty, suggests that the time lias come for England and the European powers to unite and attack the Monroe doctrine and give their attention to "the commercial possibilities of the dormant southern half of the continent." This is a very silly declaration. The Monroe doctrine, as first outlined by Mr. Canning, the British minister of foreign affairs, and by Mr. Adams our eecretary of state, and some months later put in definite shape by President Monroe (in December, 1823), was not directed against the commercial exploitation of European nations in this hemisphere, but against the extension of the monarchical system to any portion of this hemisphere, and Europe was warned against interfering with the Spanish colonies which had, one after the other, revolted and declared their independence. England was very anxious to have this declaration made be cause she then had a considerable trade ■wiLh Spanish America which European in terference would impair. England, Ger many and Prance have been pushing their trade in Spanish America with great vigor, •while we have been slow to take advant age of the trade opportunities. The Mon roe Doctrine lays no obstacle in the way of this trade against foreigners. It stands against the extension of European poli litical systems on this side through col ouies. It is limited to the exclusion of foreign colonies from both continents where no colonies existed at the time of the declaration and to the prevention of forcible attempts to introduce monarchical institutions into any American territory, or otherwise interfere to oppress Ameri can states. The doctrine does not pre vent a European nation from making wars or treaties with an independent -American state, but it does apply, if the results of such European action are detri mental to our national interests or threat en our national security. We do not declare that Europe shall not trade on this hemisphere, but that Europe shall not be reckless enough in the prog ress of her commercial greed, to attempt France's experiment in 1864-65 in Mexico, or even experiment in a minor way along that line. We are taking the part of a world power in the affairs of the world where our in terests are jeopardized or need promoting and will continue to do so. We have ex tended our Pacific coast line within a few hundred miles of China. That does not prevent us from holding the position of warden of the western hemisphere with a minatory hand uplifted, warning land grabbing Europe away from two contin ents consecrated to republican liberty. The Care of Defectives Upon the point of requiring insane pa tteats who are financially able to do so to pay the expense of their hospital treat ment, to which reference was made yester day, it may be added that the state of New York has received from patients who are able to pay for their own care, or who had friends financially able to pay for their treatment, $80,000 during the past year. We have no means of estimating how much might be saved to the state of Minnesota if this practice were adopted here, but unquestionably among the thou sands of insane patients in this state there are hundreds whose care and treatment should be paid for out of their own re sources, or those of their friends, but who are to-day supported entirely at pub lic expense. Aside from the fact that treatment of insanity generally requires restraint of the person, there is no more reason why a man should not pay for i treatment for mental disease in his own case, or that of his dependents, than that he should not pay for treatment for some bodily disease, although perfectly able financially to do co. And the matter of restraint is not a suf ficient reason for exempting the estate of the patient or his well-conditioned rela tives. Another consideration is that if this rule were in force theTe would be less of the ] not uncommon practice of throwing off upon the state the care of old and im becile relatives by those who have grown tired of earing for them or who wish to escape the expense. If the expense could not be avoided there would be less in ducement to make such people public charges and less overcrowding of the pub lic institutions maintained for th© benefit of defectives. Why wouldn't this be a good time in connection with the creation of a board of control to adopt this sensible and busi nesslike practice as to the care of defec tives of all kinds by the state? Yet in Doubt The success of the movement to promote "temperance in the army" by abolishing the post canteen Is recorded, in a special Instance, by the Chicago Times-Herald. The first pay day at Fort Sheridan since the post canteen was closed has recently passed, and the people who live in the vicinity of the post have had an oppor tunity to acquire information and observe facts which should be of value in further consideration of this subject by the au thorities. It appears, according to the Times-Herald, that pay day was followed by a general exodus of the soldiers to the ealoons of Waukegan, Highwood and Chi cago. Instead of light beer, the strongest drink served at the canteen, large quan tities of vile whisky were consumed, re sulting in many rows and disturbances, bruise* heads, discolored eyes and other evidences of "habits of sobriety." In one saloon there was a riot in which the fix tures were badly smashed up, a rgcruit seriously beaten, and which led 'to the swearing in of ten deputy marshals who patrolled the town all night to insure the safety of citizens. This is the sort of thing which experi ence has demonstrated is likely to happen when the saloon outside of the camp is substituted as a place of resort for the canteen conducted under the surveillance of the officers of the post. The theory of no post canteen assumes that the absence of such an institution also argues the absence of the appetite for anything in the way of strong drink, but the assumption is manifestly a mis take. The officers of the army have told congress and the country what their ex perience has been, and that just such things as happened at Chicago would hap pen if the canteen were abolished. Much as the "fighting man's" disposition to- in dulge in strong drink is to be deplored, deploring it does not abolish it, and there is left only the practical question as to what is the best way to deal with this ex isting condition. The wisdom of trying to deal with it by closing the canteen and leaving open the adjacent groggery and the disreputable resorts that cluster about it has not yet been demonstrated. Rev. R. A. Torrey, formerly of Minne apolis, now of Chicago, is severely criticis ing the public schools of that city. He says: The Chicago pubiic schools are the worst in the country. They are of no value in de veloping the pupils. Too many fads have been put in. and instead of training the mind to think soundly, the pupil is fed with men tal pabulum iv such a manner that he does not benefit by it. It takes a Minneapolis man to tell 'em what's what, and likewise what isn't what. A Spiritual Uneasiness Rev. Robert F. Coyle, pastor of the large and fashionable Central Presbyterian church of Denver, gave his parishioners a surprise last Sunday and hurt their feel ings almost beyond repair. In presenting his resignation, which was an unexpected move, Dr. Coyle said that he could not smile upon many of the in iquities of the fashionable life. Wine sup pers given by members of his church he could not tolerate. Dancing he could not affiliate with a fitness for church mem bership. The sound of rustling silk down the aisles of his church on Sunday morn ing might represent the kind of cash ba sis to carry on a big church with the pomp and splendor that would dazzle the eye, but it was no lure to him. Vanity of vanities it seemed to him and an awful vision of a withered soul sprang up in the sound of it all. He said he must refuse to be housed in an expensive parsonage, preach beautiful sermons on a Sunday, make fashionable calls through the week and overlook all this poverty of service for the betterment of mankind, just for the sake of being paid a good salary. Dr. Coyle has been doing some work among the laboring classes and has not been sustained in it by his people. He desires to sever his connection with the church that he may carry on this work. It is a strange commentary on the con dition of a church professedly Christian when a man like R. F. Coyle, who is well known here, finds it necessary to get out of it and away from it in order to do the work of the Mas ter most effectively. What Mr. Coyle wants to do is to carry the gospel to the poor, which is commendable surely, but who is going to carry the gospel to the rich? One gets the idea somehow from the language of hia resignation that the people he is leaving are about as much in need of it as anybody. Professor Herron says he Is "awaiting the era-making words of infinite daring." This form of -words must be something like those of the man at 7:30 when he says, "Dearie, I'm going to run down town a few minutes to-nlgit." P. Y. Jucklins was yesterday elected Chief Leg Elongator in the Anicent Order of Buf faloes, while D. Nation Jones was chosen Past Grand Dough Extractor of the Unini tiated Branch. It was a grand sight in the commons when each. Irishman annexed four policemen and one big Irishman eight policemen. That shows why we make our policemen out of Irishmen. Mr. Schwab has accepted a position with the steel trust. Charles is a good boy and will make a valuable man for the corpora tion. We look to see him work his way to the top. Some lottery tickets bought by George Washington have been found. There is no evidence, however, that George ever drew anything but his breath. The Texas tornado is working its way up toward Mrs. Nation. We place our financial support on the lady if it comes to a contest. Brooklyn is going to have a great musical event, some celebrities preparing to execute Bach's "Passion." Now, what is Bach mad about? The New York Journal is still turning out advertising type editorials that treat seri ous subjects in "The Brass Monkey" style. The water department says "boil it," but most of the typhoid patients make remarks much more forcible. Until eight or so Tommies are sitting on each Boer, the country will not be com pletely quieted. The Grand Wallower of the Order of Buf faloes is doing his work well. Six-toe Lopez Is loose again. AMERICAN TEA CULTURE In the March Review of Reviews Leonora B. Elils discusses the outlook tßr tea produc tion in this country- A deal of humor has been expended on American tea gardens and no man was more ridiculed than Hon. Win. G. Le Due of Minnesota for expressing the belief, when he had charge of the old agri cultural bureau, that American tea drinkers would one day be getting all the tea they want out of American soil. The South Caro lina tea culture has been often described, but Mrs. Ellis writes in a more hopeful vein than than others. After inaugurating tea culture in 1881, the ■ government gave it up in 3883 on the ground that climatic conditions were unfavorable. Dr. Shepard, a gentleman of culture, then undertook to produce tea and was aided by the government with tea seed from Asia. Near Summerville, S. C, he has shown that the tea plant can be successfully cultivated in the south Atlantic section of this country and tea made commercially profitable. He has overcome all alleged climatic difficulties and tested all available varieties of tea and soils. Dr. Shepard has seventy-five acres planted to tea and other tea gardens have been opened. It costs 27% cents a pound to produce the American tea, and he «ell 3it (at retail) at $1 a pound. He expects to reduce the cost of production to 14 cents ere long. At the wholesale selling price of 60 cents a pound, the producer gets a profit of 22 l,£ cents a pound. It is shown that, with some varie ties, the profit per acre is nearly $70, while $40 is a usual profit per acre. The prospect of raising tea for home consumption is ap parently good. We consume nearly 93,000,000 pounds a year of tea. If we produced It a new and profitable industry, employing many thousands of people, would be established. The feat does not seem impossible of accom plishment. Teddy In Dissrnlae. . Boston ■ Herald. The notable feature of '■ the Inauguration preliminaries is the quiet, modest and , un obtrusive manner in which Theodore Roose velt arrived in Washington. Or Cornet*. Birmingham Age-Herald. . Gunner Morgan's weakness is that be - does net.wear a monocle. THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL. New York Daily Letter. BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL, No. 2.1 Park Row. The Actor*' BoaU. March 13.—This la the time of the year when the eastward flight of theatrtpftl organ izations begins, and from the outlook the pas senger lists of outgoing steaiuships^wlll for some time contain the names of many profes sional folk. One of the first of the big at tractions to take flight to the British capital will be "The Girl from Up There," which, with the company headed by Edna May, will leave April 10. Old ocean travelers will often wait for a "theatrical ship" before booking for passage, for then a Journey means six or seven days of enjoyment and sociability. Not only passengers enjoy trips across with the members of the profession, but the stewards, pursers and officers like voyages with such a jolly crowd, although their hands are kept full with added work as a result. Stars have to be satisfied, wine account* looked after and disputes of chorus girls settled. Nat Goodwin when he goes across is the life of these gatherings, and the same may be said of the genial De Wolf Hopper. In his room the great American game is'played, and sto ries are told. For the women passengers the event of the day is meal time. They get a near view of the actress they have often Been across the footlights. The appearance of the great "star" is always the feature of the food hour. Some Jarring: >»(i-h. On shipboard the soubrette is at her best. Accompanied by one and sometimes two of the male persuasion, she is always to be seen on deck if seasickness and the weather per mits. There No. 7 of the chorus can discuss 'with No. 6 how persevering Lord Fltz Doo dle's sou was when they were at the Snaftes bury, or how sorry the young Earl Goodfellow was to let her return to America, and his plans for coming over in the spring. There is another side to the history of the theatrical ship, the unpleasant side, though unpleasant things occur on ships carrying such a cargo. Recently there was a war of words on an Atlantic transport line steamship because a Philadelphia dominie refused to recite "The Horse Sale" from "David Harum" when he found the names of two Casino girls on the list of entertainers. The ship was divided as a result of the clergyman's action, but the girls sensibly settled the matter by not ap pearing. The clergyman recited "The Horse Sale," but was greeted by little applause. A Peruvian Bark. The new Peruvian consul general, Senor Evaldo Tirado, has reached here from Colon on the Ward liner City of Washington. He has taken possession of the consulate at No. 19 Whitehall street, succeeding his nephew, Alfonso F. Pezet. Senor Tirado says his country is more prosperous than ever before in Its history, as it has now had seven years of peace, and the energies of the people have been wholly devoted to industry. He states that Peru will welcome the advent of Ameri can and English capital, the country leaning toward the Anglo-Saxon as against the domi nation of Spanish influences. Americans who have invested their money in Peru, he says, have grown rich very fast, citing an instance where a New Yorker a few years ago pur chased a gold mine for $200,000, and is now taking out $100,000 worth of gold a month. The Old Jumel Mansion. At last steps have been taken to acquire city ownership of the famous old Jumel man sion and grounds situated on Washington Heights. The board of public improvements has adopted a resolution for the purchase of the mansion at One-hundred-and-sixtieth street and Harlem river, for $150,000. A year ago the same board refused to approve this plan, which was submitted by the Sons of the American Revolution and the Society for the Preservation of Historical Places. But a pleasing change has come over the spirit of the members' dreams and they are now back ing the project. The mansion will be a mu nicipal possession, to be preserved as nearly as possible in its original condition. The grounds will be transformed into a small public park, and the house, which was re spectively the headquarters of General Waah ington and the residence of Aaron Burr, will be kept as a museum for revolutionary relics. Porto Kic-aiiM Antoniahed. Officers and privates of the native Porto Rican regiment which took part in the inau gural parade at Washington stopped off at New York on the way to the transport for home. It was interesting to see the impres sion our town made upon these men, none of whom had ever been here before, and all of whom had the most vague ideas of New York skyscrapers, street railway systems, and even of building elevators. No man in the entire military detachment had ever been on an elevator before he came to New York, and they were all decidedly reluctant to make the experiment. Captain A. D. Ray mond took a party of thirty non-commis sioned officers and privates about the city. They wandered along Broadway, gazing up at the .tall buildings, which they had at first supposed were the palaces of American mil lionaires. Finally they went to the top of one of the Park Row buildings and took a view of the city, declaring that it seemed about as big as the whole island of Porto Rico. After stopping two days here, the Porto Rican troops, numbering 280, in charge of Major William E. Almy, sailed on the transport Sedgwick for San Juan. The sol diers, while here, suffered greatly from the cold- -N. N. A. AMUSEMENTS Foyer Chat. "Arizona," with its pictures of military and cowboy life in the great southwest, with its exciting melodramatic situations in the third and fourth acts, with its novel love scene between the Mexican vaquero and his German sweetheart, and with its kindly humorous master character of the Arizona ranchman, Cacby, is drawing large audi ences to the Metropolitan. The play will run the rest of the week with matinee on Saturday. At the Metropolitan box office to-morrow morning the sale of seats will begin for the engagement of Collamarini, supported by Colonel Thompson's Boston Lyric Opera com pany. The engagement i 3 for seven nights and two matinee performances, opening next Sunday. During the week CoMamarini will be seen oa Monday and Thursday nights in the title role of Bizet's romantic opera, "Car men," as Azucena in "II Trovatore" on Tues day evening, and In "Mignon" Friday night. "The Idol's Eye" will be presented Sun day night and at the Wednesday matinee, "Wang" Wednesday night and Saturday matinee, and "The Fencing Master" Satur day night. "The King of the Opium Ring." with its scenes of life In Chinatown in San Fran cisco, its entertaining atory in which are in termingled comedy, pathos and sensation galore, is pleasing local theater-goers at the Bijou this week. The scenic effects are un usually elaborate and there are a number of entertaining specialties interspersed. The Wm. H. West Minstrels, newly and magnificently equipped with a large com pany, more novel acts, more famous com edians and greater singers than ever before, will be the attraction at the Bijou the com ing week. Mr. West, realizing the demand for more comedy, more mirth-provoking features than have been seen iv minstrel pro-grams in recent years, has gathered a galaxy of burnt-cork comedians that gives ample assurance of an entertainment replete with mirth and clean, wholesome fun. The West Minstrels liave always been strong from a musical standpoint. This year is no ex ception in that respect, the vocal corps being headed by that phenomenal singer, Richard J. Jose, augumented by such splendid singers as Manuel Romain, John P. Rodgers, Wil liam Hallett and a chorus of powerlul voices. The setting of the first act is said to be rich in splendor, gorgeous and harmonious in color, and withal to show extreme good taste in Its artistic design. It Serve*. Nebraska State Journal. Governor Van Sant of Minnesota gives It out that according to his lexicon a prize fight is a fist fight with a prize offered to the win ner, and consequently they can't palm off any "athletic exhibitions" on him where they fight with their fists for a prize. The east ern papers are showering more or less ridi cule upon the governor for his definition but as it has the merit of being short and easy of comprehension the chances are that it will stand, the test of the lexicographers. TALKING CANDIDATES ALREADY Rivalry in Sight for Bob Dunn's Berth—Editors Suspicious of Lind. Odin Halden of Duluth, who Is serving his fourth term as auditor of St. Louis county, is being talked of as a candidate for state auditor. Halden !s popular In Duluth. and has made a good record in the auditor's office. He is of Norwegian descent. It is generally believed that J. F. Jacobson, the Lac-qui-parle statesman, will also be a candidate for the place vow held by Dunn. Jacobsou is alao a Norwegian, and is far better known throughout the state than Hal den. He has one disadvantage, the fact 'hat in his long and aggressive career in the legis lature, he had made enemies, some of whom would go to some length to defeat him. The fate of the gross earnings measure, for which Jacobson is chief sponsor at this Mwtaa, will largely determ^ie the issuf of his candidacy. It is Jaoobsou's trump card. Another Duluth man mentioned for a state office is Wm. Sargent, present sheriff of St. Louis county. Sargent Is being groomed for clerk of the supreme court, in case Dar Reese is willing to let go at the close of this term. Of course Duluth cannot have two places on the state ticket, and one of the two will have to take a back seat when the campaign gets warm a year hence. Julius Schmahl, the energetic clerk of the present house of representatives, is likely to be a candidate for secretary of stat^ next year. Schmahl is a country editor now, and a graduate of the twin city school of journal ism. He is making :i good record as chief clerk of the house, and coming to the front in politics. Hays, of the Sleepy Eye Dispatch, has already made a tender of his support. The republican state press refuses to be lieve that John Lind is out of politics, and his latest announcement is treated as another edition of the rallying cry of four years past. The Delano Eagle says: John Lind says he is permanently out of politics and he has located for the practice of law in Minneapolis, it is pretty safe to pre dict, however, that he will be very much in evidence at the next democratic state conven- The Benson Times follows suit in the fol lowing: Ex-Governor Lind will make his home in Minneapolis hereafter, where he has formed a law partnership with Judge Ueland, and has just denied that he is a candidate for gov ernor in. 1902. Governor Sam can easily see what work he has ahead of him, for ex-Gov ernor John always makes the announcements of his candidacy in the form of a denial. Auditor Dunn's paper, the Princeton Union, takes another view: Minneapolis will be the future home of John Lind. He has announced that he will prac tice law in that city, but there is a suspicion that he was attracted there by the ease with which democrats may become identified with the republican party through primary election route. The foregoing expressions, which are only samples of the current gossip, make the friends of the ex-governor very tired. They say that he is perfectly sincere in bis attempt to "NELL" BY A. C. ROWSEY. Copyright, 1901, by A. S. Richardson. The gang had been in camp all day to celebrate the arrival of the pay car. And a tougher gang never helped to push the Union Pacific to its western terminus. In the long, narrow room bafk of Casey's bar many a reckless fellW had staked his month's wages—and lost. Casey had been busy all day and evening wiping out old ac counts and starting fresh ones. Across the road in his ro^igh board shanty the civil en gineer, who directed the gang, tried to snatch a few hours' sleep in spite of the Bedlam reigning about him. But the fates were against him. At 3 o'clock In the morning a thunderous rap sounded on his door, and a rough voice shouted: "Judge, you're wanted!" The engineer was judge, jury and the whole judicial department in that camp.' He held stakes, decided bets, attended lynching bees, presided at chicken fights and baptisms. He was all right so long as his decisions were popular—otherwise he had to shoot first. Inwardly groaning and wondering what sore of a scrimmage was on now, he admitted his visitors, then, sitting on the edge of his bunk, surveyed the tough-looking delegation. In the faint, flickering candle-light the men stood awkwaidly silent. At last the spokes man remarked huskily: "Nell's dead, judge. That danged rough's got in its work at last. An' if ever a gal was on the square, Nell was. She's got to be given a bang-up send-off, an', judge, you're the fellow what's got to boss it." For a moment the engineer was mute. His great, muscular hands were clasped tightly between his wide-spread knees, his gazp was apparently riveted on a corner of the room, where the dim light threw rantastic shadows. The spokesman clicked his heels impatiently and the engineer looked up. "Have a gTave dug on the mountain side — up where the pines begin to cover the slope. You know the place. Tell Pat Gafferty to pick out the best lumber in the yard for— the —the —box. I think there's a pair of extra blankets over at the storehouse. They're better than nothing for a lining. We'll have the funeral in the morning." As the delegation moved toward the door, the spokesman, a fellow with an unsavory reputation from one end of Montana to the other, stepped close to the engineer and touched the latter's arm: "Say, judge, we don't watit no monkey business about this. Got to be done up right. You can spiel some soft stuff —religion, or somethin" sort uv suited to Nell." "I reckon so, if the camp will stand for it and not show up drunk," replied the en gineer. "Well, I guess the boys won't drink much more. I'll just shut Casey's up an' make sure." A little later pistol shots rang out across the street. Casey's was being shut up. Then, through the misty moonlight of the early dawn, the sturdy young engineer walked up to Nell's. In hie eastern home the fragrant arbutus was pushing its way through the moist leaves. Perhaps in his mother's old fashioned garden crocuses were blooming. Hut here, twelve hundred feet above sea level, there were only frost-bound rocks and frozen clay. On the slope men were break ing away Nell's last resting-place with picks. She lay on a rickety shake-down in a di lapidated shanty. A cotton blanket and i torn quilt were thrown over her emaciated form, and her poor little face was ptnebed as if from starvation. In the opposite corner of the room, where a fire burned feebly, her Chinese husband was wrapping something in Nell's old skirt. From the depths of the bundle issued a wail. The engineer turned and saw the Chinaman stealing from the shanty. He was taking tht> child to the only woman in the camp, a rough but. motherly Irishwoman. Xo sooner was he alone with the dead than the young eastener sprang into action. Slip ping his hand under the pillow, he drew forth a package of papers and photographs. A mo ment later nothing remained but a few feath ery ashes on the hearthstone. He had kept the only promise Nell had ever exacted, per formed the only favor she haa ever accepted at his hands. Then, as he stood gazing on the fragile form and thought of the life cut short on tb© road of transgression, the pathos of it A SCHOOLMA'AM OX SIPERIVrKBID ENTS In the March Forum Miaa Alice Irwin Thompson, an Indiana teacher, records her viewu on "The Superintendent from a Pri mary Teacher's Point of View." Doubtless she relates her own experience. She has found that a superintendent with a hobby is a serious hindrance to the effective work of a primary teacher. A large percentage of them "ride a gayly caparisoned, dappled steed that gallops industriously and grace fully from September to June without get ting anywhere." The sperintendent may make arithmetic the central subject to which all other subjects must be shown to bear relation. Then the superintendent who is an experimenter, la another hindrance to ef- get out of politics, and his new business venture will require his entire attention. In fact, he could not afford to make a cam paign. A good friend of Linda, and a promi nent democrat, said the other day: "Why can't they take John Lind at his word for once? Heretofore, it has been the democrats who refused to let him retire from politics. Now it is the republicans who won't let him rest. They are making a regular bugaboo of him. 1 venture to say that some day, many years hence, I hope, when John Lind ia gathered to his fathers, some coun try editor out in Pipedream county will say: 'Don't you believe him. He's only playing possum. He'll be running for governor next summer just the same as ever.' " Several democratic papers, which are dis posed to take Lind at hia word, and look for a new man to lead the democratic forces next year, are talking of R. S. Keishus, the state grain inspector, as a candidate. Reishus served a term in the state ser>a*.e, but his principal claim to public attention wouM be his service in the grain department. It is a safe proposition that the republican press would put Ketshus on the defensive, and make the state grain inspection record of two years past an issue. Frank Day indorses Reishus in the Martin County Sentinel, lie says: It is true that Ed Reishus is strong with the people and the record he has made in the state senate and as chief grain inspector stamps him as a man who can be trusted. As a candidate for governor he would unite the forces opposed to ring rule and conduct a clean and vigorous campaign. Senator MeKusick's bill creating a nine teenth judicial district out of the counties of Chisago. Pine and Kanabec, passed the sen ate yesterday. It is predicted that if the bill goes through the house, as it probably will, it will shortly be Judge McKusick, and the senate hajls will know the present senator from Pine no more. The Anoka Herald gives the legislature the following advice: The republican members of the legislature have decided on a seventy-day session, leav ing twenty days for an adjourned session next year, to tackle the question of tax law re vision, which will be reported upon by a commission to be appointed by the governor. It Is a wise move, and will, therefore, strengthen tiie party at the next election. It might be added that considerable more strength could be furnished the aforesaid party if the legislature would pull itself to gether for a week and pass the reapportion ment bill, the board of control bill and the gross earnings tax bill and then shut up shop. The Red Wing republican deal, by which Robert Jamison was to take a:i interest in the paper, and H. B. Chamberlain was to be come editor, has fallen through. At the last minute Bixby and Jamison failed to agree, and Jamison withdrew his proposition. Bixby still retains control of the paper, which is without a managing editor since Grondahl's retirement. —C. B. C. all struck his very soul. He recalled step by step the story as Nell had told him. A wayward, beautiful girl, she had fled from a peaceful home circle to sing and dance in a 'Frisco music hall. Then the man had come along, a handsome, blustering pros pector, one of the kind that never pans out. Another flight, and this time they hit the trail into the country known as Sierra coun ty. Before they had been out a year she was taken ill with small-pox, and the man took to his heels in the night, leaving her ■without a week's rations or an armful of "wood. And winter was coming on. When Xell woke up from a horrible de lirium a Chinaman was bending over her. He had stumbled into the shack, glad to escape the vengeance of a blizzard. He had more sand than the white man. In the face of a thirty-foot snowfall he kept the shanty warm, and he nursed her through a nasty attack of smallpox—brought her through without a scar en her beautiful face. When the trail was open again they made their way to the nearest camp, and one day the gang brought in a frozen body. It was Nell's prospector. He had met something worse than smallpox—a Montana blizzard. Before they left that camp Nell married the Chinaman. He had stood by her, savod her life and had learned to love her—and Nell was grateful. He did his best, but every westerner knows how much a Chinaman earns out there and how he lives. When he shipped in with the Union Pacific gang the men went wild over Nell. She seemed like some fair mountain flower, transplanted to a noxious swamp. The fellows would have given her anything to make her comfortable, but Nell was proud. She shared the shanty and the earnings of the Chink and no more. There were men in that camp who would have put the Chinaman out of the way for less than Nell's love, but she was steadfast. She never forgot the blizzard, the smallpox horror and the almond-eyed man who had stood between her and death—and the men knew it. And now it was all over—a few tears on the pillow, a wan hand like a bird's claw clutching the gray blanket, .and, standing with folded arms at her side, the only man in camp who knew Nell's real name and history. At 10 o'clock that morning the strange cortege wound its way up to the slope where the pines sang a gentle, pleading chant and where the eye could see the great valley in its vestments of dazzling snow. The pine box was lowered into the grave, only three feet in depth. The men bared their heads and looked expectantly at the engineer. He held no piayerbgok in his hand. To these men of his gang sonorous phrases would carry no meaning. He must speak their own tongue. He hesitated. The spokesman of the delegation cleared his throat suggestively, and the tongue of the engineer was loosened: "We are mighty humble, but perhaps the Almighty has given us up long ago and don't care to listen. We all are willing to take our dose over on the Great Divide, but we want poor Nell let down easy. Perhaps she has done wrong, but she was a woman, and a woman is not to be treated like us men. She suffered a lot before she died, and, oh, Lord, tote it up and Buspeud the regula tions just this once. Don't let Nell be turned away when she comes and knocks at the big gate. She was more sinned against than sinner. And, oh, Lord, she was grit clear through. "We did our best to make her comfortable, but she's gone to you because you can do better by her if you will. And, good Lord, you're not going to shirk the deal, but you'll throw your golden gates wide open and ask no questions when you hear Nell's knock?" Men shook hands and made up quarrels as they marched by the little mound, each dropping a small stone on the grave as be passed. The Irishman, Pat Oafferty, was the last. He carried a slab, bearing in rough hewn letters the word "Nell.'' And down in his shanty Neil's baby girl was being rocked to sleep. In a prosperous western city a graceful woman presides over a pleasant home. In her face there is a strange blending of Cau casian and Chinese beauty. Her husband is a successful lawyer, and they have two bright children. Occasionally this home cir cle is increased by a gray haired man. The woman greets him tenderly and calls him "Father." Yet In the offices of the great railway which he serves he is known as a bachelor. He is the engineer who prayed at the funeral of "Nell." fective work. "He flourishes a crackling di ploma and jingles medals galore for football and oratory; but the great requisite, peda gogical insight, he has never come lv sight of, not even at long range." He discrimi nates not between good theories and bad ones; he springs In a haphazard way experi ments upon a school without consulting the teacher and crowds the teacher with theo ries. The fossil superintendent is also an obstruction, for he does not comprehend the real purpose of. school organization. The board chooses a superintendent chiefly for hia personality. With a proper comprehen sion of his duty, he adjusts his best educa tional conceptions to existing conditions. He has a definite, increasing purpose and stami na to carry it out. He Is helpful. He helps the primary teacher to see the relation of her WEDNESDAY EVENING, MABCH 13,-1901. MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL'S CURRENT TOPICS SEMES (Copyright, 1901, by Victor F. Lawson.) PAPERS BY EXPERTS AND SPECIALISTS OP NATIONAL REPUTATION. THE WOMEN'S CLUB MOVEMENT. INFLUENCE OF WOMEN'S CLUBS IN SECURING THE LEGAL RIGHTS OF "WOMEN. - (By Catherine Waugh McCulloeh of the Chi cago bar.) The first effort known to history when women's pleading gained lp?al rich's wo« the asking from Moses by the daughters of Zelophehad for a share in their deceased father's real estate. The daughters of Zelop hehad were not members of the General Federation of Women's dubs, but an inde pendent non-auxiliary association, doubtless considered very presumptuous in asking such favors. But after their request was granted no other woman felt any compunctions about accepting the benefits which accrued through this preenmpttßO. From that time on, some women have been brave enough to ask for certain desired rights from their legal super iors, and many women without hesitation 'have accepted the results of their work. The great woman movement of the last half century had in it, however, fewer of the societies which sought to confer bounties, or asked favors for themselves or others. The religious, abolition, missionary, humane, tem perance and philanthropic organizations were of those that sought to give to help others. There were through the early y.-ars- small groups of earnest women who did ask for women all rights which men enjoyed. They asked this merely on the ground of justice and not because of the great good they might accomplish, which latter motive doubtless would have proved more powerful to the ma jority of women. Besides these groups of women, there have come to' great prominence in the last ten or twenty years other groups organized principally for self-culture. These are the women's clubs. They began with exhaustive studies of the past, but soon came to thorough study of the present—of living people and liv ing questions. Having hearts, they could not fail to be touched by grief; having minds, they could not be prevented from searching for causes and suggesting remedies, and, hav ing consciences, they couM not be with held from earnest, consecrated effort. Grievous Results of I njust Laws. To some the wrongs under which their own sex suffered appealed strongly and they discovered that unjust laws were the founda tion of some of theso wrongs. They be lieved that married women ought no longer to suffer under the disabilities theretofore imposed by law —that they should have a right to their own wages, a right to control property given to or earned by them, a right to share in their children's custody and train ing and to a portion of the family income and a right to help choose the family home. They said that women should have a right to re ceive the benefits of schools supported by public money, a right to fair and equal wages at employment for which they hart special adaptation, a right to enter any pro fession or employment, a right to justice in the courtroom, a right to protection of their persons from assault and disease and pro tection of their property from unjust seizure, unfair taxation and outside encroachments. Such legal right should be assured to all women. When a woman or a club of women began to think about these subjects they soon wished to secure legal rights for women. While it may be natural for a club woman to claim a great deal of what has been accomplished to be due to the influence of clubs, it must be admitted that it is only recently that the clubs auxiliary to state and national federations have interested themselves in securing legal recognition of these rights, for only during the last decade have these combinations of clubs arisen and long before that many states had made changes in the law relating to women. It might be safely said that before the. organi zation of the General Federation of Women's clubs or state federation much of this work had been done by other organizations of women, notably the suffrage associations. Work of Individual Reformers. Progressive, cultured women twenty, thirty and even thirty-five years ago accomplished many changes. Women like Lucy Stone and Susan B. Anthony lectured from town to town about the injustice of depriving women of these rights and aroused many to peti tion legislatures, congresses and city councHs. Some influenced their lawmaklng friends. For instance, in Illinois, in those earlier days, men like Judge Tuley, Judge Bradwell, the late Senator M. B. Castle, the revered Senator D. L. Whiting, felt so much the spirit of equality which was the goal of the women of their families and acquaintance that they made the woman's cause their own, and la bored to pass laws just to women. This was r.ot merely the gratuitous effort of chivalrous men but work influenced to a great extent how far we can never know —by such women as Katheriue Tuley, Myra Bradwell and Lil lian Whiting. The securing of certain rights, such as the right to enter professions, has not been as a general rule the work of any organization, but of individual women. Take, for example, the right of women to practice law, striven for in Tarioua states during the past thirty years. That women were forbidden to prac tice law did not inconvenience many women nor appeal to the sympathies of the mass of women. So the particular woman who de sired thi3 right made her individual struggle alone through courts and legislatures and when the right was once established, it stood there for all women. I nwelflwh ttnbor for Others. Some clubs in their infancy have been afraid of public questions and others older may have but tardily outgrown their infan tile fear of the bugaboo "woman's rights." But the clubs as a rule are not now alarmed at the discussion of public questions. Much of their public work is, however, on local and municipal matters and on state or na tional questions which affect men and women equally. The preservation of forests, of cliff dwellings, of noted historical spots, of places of renowned beaujy.of colonial manor houses, of churches, of battlefields, of records, the efforts in behalf of proper management of state institutions, the work to perfect the publk- schools, to establish state traveling libraries—this valuable work takes much time, is helpful to the community at large, is work with lawmakers, but is not an effort to gain legal rights for women. However, many clubs are now instructing their legisla tive committees to look after the rights of women. It is interesting to notice that organized womanhood has been keener to discern the actual injustice to a small number of unfor tunate and suffering women than to see the possible wrongs to the many average normal women. Th«y have asked for women cus todians of women criminals in jails and po lice stations, for reform schools, to help girl delinquents, for womanly care of women pau pers and insane, for legal protection to wom en workers from long hours, unjust fines and unsanitary conditions. The Hubs of Wisconsin. Georgia, Connec ticut, Illinois, Massachusetts and other states are asking better legislation for working women and children. The clubs of Georgia want matrons In all city jails. A'ithigan clubs secured the pas sage of a bill making it obligatory to have women physicians in state, institutions where women and cht'dren are held. California and Vermont clubs are working for a similar law. The Chicago Woman's Club has long stood for thi» principle. Florida clubs are already work to the rest of the course, and helps her to correct deficient organization. He weans the teachers from ancient, methods and theo ries which they worship and, in their stead, enthroned a little child. His best service comes through constant, rational guidance through the educational processes, and espe cially through the personal stimulus to broader culture and loftier heights in the professional life. Will It Be a Dental show* Kansas City Star. Speculation is already beginning to arise as to who. the man will be with whom Mr. McKinley will ride from the White House to the capitol March 4, 1905. Will he wear eyeglasses and show his strong white teeth very much when he smiles? striving to raise the age of protection of A girl's chastity from 10 to 18 years, and clubs in other states will indorse such bills when presented. Georgia also asked that the mar riage age : of girls \be raised from 11) .to 16 years. " ,. t _ " '•..; Bitter Defeat* H*t by Vomen. • ■■. This work planned relates ■ the legal rights of women, but is particularly for the unfortunate or helpless. Not all these meas ures will pass, for woman's Influence has Its limits. The New York clubs felt this keenly when-their favored .measure failed to pass.' They a&ked for a stale -industrial | school for girls, where household arts and crafts could be taught to girls as other established schools wore teaching manual work to boys. They felt t that the sixty homes In the state for fallen women would not be so overcrowded if as girls the inmates had been instructed in some useful occupation. The courtesy of the legislators and their promise to give the matter careful consideration encouraged the women. Their hopes fell when later they received word that the fuDds were so low and the necessities for oiher objects to great that the appropriation teeded could not be made. About the same day, however, the legislature had funda enough to establish in a male college a chair in veterinary science at the cost of $200, MX) and to appropriate $150, --000 for a military parade. It is natural to suppose that these unselfish women earnestly desired something in the line of rights and power just thon and wished that they were cot limited to begging .for such bills v favors. In Illinois, Kentucky and Michigan earnest efforts were made for better accommodation for women students at the state universities and colleges. The Illinois bill was vetoed by the governor, but the Michigan measure was successful. In some of the states the women are yet begging admittance to such schools. The Georgia club urged a bill admitting women to the state university and to the textile de partment of their school of technology. Earnest Work \ow in Progreu. Notice that these efforts are purely unself ish, the securing of rights for women other than the petitioners. Even the effort to se cure laws allowing women to be placed on school boards is not so much to give women rights as to improve the schools. In Arkan sas, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Georgia and Tennessee the state club organisations work for this and many local clubs in states where such laws have been previously passed work to have their provisions carried out. Delaware clubs are working to Becure a vote on school questions, and the Minnesota clubs rejoice over success in gaining the vote on library matters. The Georgia clubs were able to prevent the passage of a bill forbid ding a woman the right to be assistant state librarian. Connecticut clubs are Investigating the guardianship laws; Massachusetts and Mis souri clubs the laws relating to women employes, and the clubs in several other states are making special study of laws re lating to women and trying to secure better enforcement of good laws. Rhode Island clubs are publishing a volume of the laws relating to women. The foregoing i 3 what the club» are now actually doing or what they did last year. Such unselfish charitable work in the im provement of laws deserves success, but ha 3 often betn followed by failure. For example, the Georgia clubs worked faithfully for a bill to raise the age of protection for girls from 30 years, for a bill prohibting the labor of children under 12 in factories and for a bill to admit women to the state textil* school. All three of these measures have been de feated by the Georgia representatives, rep resenting surely not the womanhood of the state. The Vermont legislature has also defeated a woman's club bll! providing for women on boards of asylums where women are confined. These are bitter lessons. A Georgia woman in the Atlanta Journal says: "Women in Georgia are growing a little tired of liearing about their influence as being all-powerful and finding it, upon test, to absolutely noth ing." But as long as women are deprived of the ballot they must expect many defeats of cherished bills before the continual drop ping of persuasion and petitions and Influence can wear away the stone of prejudice. Much Still KeiualuM to Be Done. Notwithstanding such defeats, the stata legislatures this winter are meeting many progressive clubwomen ardently champion ing bills to secure various legal rights for women. They also meet members of the suffrage associations, whose primary object is the ballot, but who have always worked also for lesser rights. The National Ameri can Suffrage Association, when requested by statesoeieties, has been recommending to each the legislation most needed and most likely to win success. Lawmakers will have little opportunity this winter to err ignorantly. There is much yet to be accomplished, though after-dinner speakers, referring to the progress In the nineteenth century, generally talk in such glowing terms of woman's advanced posi tion as to lead one to infer that there is nothing more to be desired. But there is still something more to be done before all the rights of women are secured. The twentieth, century has a chance to improve on the past. In some eight state wives have either no control or only partial control over their own property, and in twice as many no control over their wages. In some eight states wives have either no prevail^ by which the husband has the use of all the wife's real estate during his life; even after her death, should she have given birth to a living child. In these same states the wife has only dower in her husband's real estate —that is, the use of one-third after his death. While many states provide for a wife's sup port suited to her condition in life, whioh. however, is often hard to enforce, in others she can compel no support unices divorced. Why Women Need the Ballot. In many states wives are made equally liable for family support, but in most they are allowed no share in family income, lv three-fourths of the states mothers are not equal to fathers in the guardianship of their children. In about half the states the age of protection for a girl's chastity, called age of consent, is 14 years or lower. In maav states seduction is no crime. In several of the states women are not admitted to the bar nor to higher schools of learning and c*a hold no elective position. In all the states ex.ept the four where women vote, the wages of women are on the average much lower than those of men em ployed on the same kind of work. The knowl edge of such gross inequality and legal in justice convinces women that they are yet, distant from the millennium. Even when laws are theoretically fair and equal, it is difficult sometimes to secure their just enforcement for women In courts officered only by men. elected or appointed by men only. Women's lack of political power operates to their disadvantage in securing and enforcing legal rights. From her that hath not political rights are taken away even the legal rights which she hath. The struggle to secure the ballot for women is another story, but until the ballot is ob tained, women "will meet with many defeats iv securing further legal rights and in hold- Ing fast those now allowed. The ballot 1n the hands of American womanhood will be the one assurance of stable justice to women. -< ■-■. • - ■ #:\ - . . ■ . Have SomethlnK With l»? Sioux City Journal. Every Illinois member of the house of rep resentatives voted for the appropriation of $5,000,000 for the St. Louis exposition. When St. Louis bears this she ought to go out and drink a schooner of Mississippi river ■water. Depend* on Whose Ox In Gored. The powers seem to have made something of a mistake in stealing Sir Robert Hart's house. It is wrong to steal from anybody ex cept a Chinaman. Don't Want to Gorge Onraelve*. Let Denmark take her time. We are no* very hungry for islands, not having thor oughly digested those we swallowed at OUT last sitting.