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THE JOURNAL - LUCIAN SWIFT, ' J. S. McLAIN, MANAGER., EDITOR. T H 12 JOURNAL Is published every evening', except , Sunday, at 47-49 Fourth Street South, Journal Building, Minneapolis, Minn. C J. mutton, Manager Foreign Adver tising Department. . NEW YORK OFFICE— 87, 88 Tribune building. » CHICAGO OFFICE— 308 Stock Ex change building. SI BSt RIFTION TERMS Payable to The Journal Printing Co. Delivered by Mail. One copy, one month $0.35 One copy, three months 1.00 One copy, six months 2.00 One copy, one year 4.00 Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.50 Delivered by Carrier. One copy, one week 8 cents One copy, one month 35 cents Single copy 2 cents Worse Than the Boodle Talk The fear is expressed on the part of fcome republican members thai the talk of bribery in connection with the work of the legislature will hurt the republi can party. It won't hurt it half as much as will a failure to pass the gross earnings bill. The people of the state have been call ins 'or this increase in railroad taxation for years and both parties promised it iv the last campaign. The defeat of the ■measure at this session by postponement till the extra session increases greatly the chances for the defeat of the meas ure altogether by this legislature. If the opposition to the measure can prevent its passage at a long session of seventy-nine days on the flimsy pretext of reference to the tax commission it ■will not have much difficulty in inventing some excuse sufficient to head off the proposition, at the short session next year—and it is not to be expected that the legislature on an election year is going to hold an extra session that will materially increase altogether the length of a full regular session. No, the best way to destroy the effect of the boodle talk is to pass the gross earnings bill now—a measure carrying to a test in the courts a question -with which the tax commission has nothing to do and cannot decide, either as to the amount of the increase or the constitu tionality of the law. Any move to post pone is only to incur greater danger that this legislature will finally adjourn with out complying with this general and fair demand. LANDSDOWNE'S ANSWER Details of Lord Lansdowne's reply to our government on the subject of the amended canal treaty reveal a most courteous dis position and some very sensible comments upon the extraordinarily contradictory ter minology of the amendments. Had we been given by Great Britain the same experi ence our senate has given her, there would be heard to-day a fearful and detonating roar from Moosehead Lake to the Rio Grande and from Port Townsend to Key "West demanding speedy vengeance and the evisceration of John Bull. Lord Lans downe racher sarcastically calls attention to th< absurdity of leaving the treaty ■with jg clause declaring the principle of neutrality along- with Another declaring that the United States may take any meas ure it may find necessary for securing by Its own forces the defense of the United States and the maintenance of public order. Lansdowne naturally says: "It eeems the amendment might be bo constructed as leaving open to the United States at any moment, not only if war existed, but even if it were anticipated, to take measures, however stringent and far reaching, which in their own Judgment might be represented as suitable for the purpose of protecting their national inter ests. Such an enactment would strike at the very root of that general principle of neutralization upon -which the Clayton- Bulwer treaty was based and which was reaffirmed in the convention as drafted." Lord Lansdowne also shows the absur dity of contending that the Davis amend ment to the canal treaty was identical or an&lagous to a provision of the Suez canal treaty, article ten, which gives the sultan of Turkey or the khedive of Egypt the right, notwithstanding other provisions of the treaty, to take measures for the de fense of Egypt, i. c., for the defense of the canal itself, of which the control could only be secured by attacking Egypt The l>avis amendment gives our government th# right to take such measures as it sees fit for the defense of the United States and use the canal as an instrument of war and close it or open it at pleasure as Buch, which nullifies any declaration of neutrality in the treaty. In the Suez canal treaty there is not the slightest Intimation of according to the eultan or the khedive any power to impair thm neutrality of the canal. Article eleven of tie suez canal treaty distinctly declares that "the measures which shall be taken in the cases provided for in articles nine and ten of the present treaty, must not constitute an obstacle to the free us© of the canal." The amendment to the Hay- Pauncefote treaty very emphatically pro vides for the deliberate obstruction of the canal to commerce and its use as an in strument of war. It will be far better for our government to handle this canal question as a purely business matter and carry it out as such. Otherwise it will prove a boomerang on our Lands. The Fine Arts Exhibition The second annual exhibition of the Min neapolis Society of Fine Arts is a public event that should not escape the notice of anyone interested in the harmonious de velopment of the city. The society is the chief organized art influence in the com munity and it is entitled to the support of all whose wish to see the art interests of the city keep pace with its material prosperity. It is not* altogether a question of one's individual love and appreciation of pictures in general or of the pictures shown at the exhibition; it is more than that —a matter of civic pride. The annual exhibition of the art so ciety Las a twofold purpose—to teach to the whole city what is good in art and to afford the gratification which comes from seeing beautiful things and to en large the permanent art treasures of the city. The first is promoted by bringing up the attendance to the highest possible point. In this the society has done its part by placing the admission at the lowest figures possible to meet the expenses. Should anything remain over it would go into the picture fund. The educational work is considered so important that provision Is I made for admitting the school children free and last year there were no more appreciative visitors and many showed the effect of the art training of the public schools by their intelligent appreciation. The purchase of pictures from the an nual collection is important and indeed, vital to the success of the exhibitions. The city is not only enriched by every purchase, but these insure the securing of more and better works for the exhibitions each succeeding year. Last year the so ciety raised by subscription a fund and purchased LAthroy's "Clouds and Hills" one of the gems of the collection. This year there will not only be a subscription list circulated outside but all visitors will be given an opportunity to subscribe any amounts, large or small, at the gallery. A subscription was already in progress for the purchase of one of Robert Koehler's works for the permanent gallery, and it is probable that the society will merge its subscription with that and purchase "The Strike," which Mr. Koehler is ex hibiting this year. This would be a happy solution of the desire expressed lo show the public ap preciation of Mr. Koehler's work in the art school and as a public spirited citi zen and no more suitable time or way could be found, for it is due to Mr. Koeh ler's large experience, untiring energy, and zeal for the art development of the city that these exhibitions have been made possible. The membership of the art society is in creasing gratifyingly but should be at least quadrupled. The society is begin ning to see the possibility, with continued support, of offering either a series of prizes or medals that will have an im portant influence in bringing fine pic tures to the city. With the improve ment of the exhibitions the proportion of private sales should increase, for with the best brought to our doors and with op portunity for studying long and carefully in the gallery, there will be less need of going east or abroad to buy pictures. A Profitable Investment for Minnesota Probably no other single agency has done more for the promotion of the interests of Minnesota than the state fair. For a score of years the fair has brought to gether annually an exhibit of the best that the state could produce, affording each year a record of the agricultural progress of the community and bringing into touch all the elements of the popu lation. Through all this time it has been distinctively educational and generally free from objectionable features. But during the past half-dozen years the Min nesota fair has taken on a larger impor tance. From the position of a local state exhibit it has risen to that of a national display. It has takea first place among the state fairs of the country both in number and quality of exhibits and In attendance, and now it has added to all this the feature of a national live atock exhibition. Last September the largest display of live stock ever held in the world was gathered together at the Hamline grounds; this year an even more remark able exhibit is practically assured. And we are not noting these facts because they "sound big." It may be pleasant to the pride of the state to hold these great exhibitions; but there is a practical im portance in them that is of far more worth than any sentimental considera tions. The money value to the north west through the introduction of a few hundred pure-bred cattle to its farms each year will soon be enormous. Of equal value to the northwest is the splendid advertising which these national stock shows give this part of the coun try. It is a fact that many people still regard this part of the country as bleak and frigid. Stock farmers, especially, have not, as a class, looked with favor upon the northwest. The succulent grasses, the fields of clover and fodder, the blue lakes and clear streams, the rich farms and great cities were a revela tion to many intelligent stock men who visited Minnesota for the first time last year. They were equally surprised when northwestern farmers came into the auc tion tent at Hamline and counted out bank bills for blooded stock; they had thought that our farmers would not buy high-priced animals. These men have gone back to their homes all over the east and south and have never ceased to talk of the beauties of Minnesota, while the stock and farm papers have been full of the praises of the northwest. Last year's show opened many eyes. Not a little of the great immigration of this year may be credited to the stock ex hibition of 1900. Last September the exhibition was given under great difficulties because of lack of facilities. Though our state fair has trebled in size in a decade, it has not in that time received a cent for new buildings. A live stock amphitheater, a building for the display of agricultural exhibits, a machinery building and some minor structures are imperatively needed. Twice last summer the whole plant at Hamline was threatened with destruction 'because of insufficient water supply. The people of Minnesota can spend their money in no better way than in giv ing to the state fair the buildings and fire protection which its public-spirited managers ask of the legislature. It will be money well spent—an investment which will be indirectly to the profit of every resident of the state. The legis lature is confronted by many claims, but if the people make it plain that they want the state fair taken care of the legislators will assuredly make the neces sary appropriation. Chairman Mallory of the bribery investi gating committee gives out a hint that if anybody can find the committee it is wel come to present charges after they first satis fy him that the charges are worth investi gating. Mr. Mallory meets dally and is open to conviction. We are commanded to love all men. But. speaking of the man that comes In and ex pectorates on the restaurant floor—well, we can love him, but our preferences lie else where. Some foolish creatures are asking where Mr. Carnegie got all this money that he is giving away so generously. Brethren, let us not be too particular. The czar has just put on his boiler-plate shirt and is wearing a stove lid on his bosom. His pantaloons are expected frota the foundry shortly. A Russian ttudent shot at Pobiedonostzeft". It doesn't seem as though he could miss that. Did somebody say that what this country seeded was free silver coinage? Or was that a dream? The' tornado has reached *»" far north as THE MINNEAPOLIS JOUKJSIAL. Alabama. At present Minnesota has noth ing more dangerous than th« robin liar. Whoever expects to corrupt the house with a miserable pittance of $40,000 will get fooled. The crises in China are getting as com mon as old brass in an auction shop. Good evening; have you bought a legisla ture yet? George K. Kent has lost his diamonds. Going ou the stage? STATE PRESS OX THE GROSS EAR3 -IMiS Ull.l. OhSsago County Courier—The effort to refer Jacobson's gioss earnings tax bill to the tax commission was a cowardly procedure, an underhanded way to kill the bill. As the commission would have neither the power to amend nor pass the bill, the only thing it could do would be to report on it to the next legislature. And meanwhile the railroads would have a breathing spell to devise new schemes for its defeat. Mere's to Jacobson and justice. Wadeua Pioneer-Journal—lf the gross earn ings bill had not been agitated for several years, proposition to refer It to a commis sion would appear more plausible. In the last campaign it became an issue, and the people demanded it in the platforms of both the great parties. To now attempt to dodge th<» responsibility of passing it is unmanly and dishonest. No one will deny that it Is of vast importance to the railroads 10 have this postponed and sidetracked as long as possible. Each year the bill fajls to become a law it saves the railroads of this state $500,000 in taxes. This extra tax would not be burden some to them, but would only be a fair pro portion of what other people rHy- The peo ple of the state of Minnesota are in favor of fairly testing the constitutionality of this gross earnings question. The only way this can be done is for the legislature to pass the bill, have i*. approved by the people. Then the railroads will appeal to the courts, and this question will be settled once and for all. Every other plan is a mere subterfuge and scheme to delay irs passage, and the people of the state of Minnesota will not stand for 11. Moorhead Independent—The Jacobson bill to increase the railroad gross earnings fax to 4 per cent has stirred up a tempest in the house. Mr. Jacobson charged ou the floor of the house that money had been freely used to defeat the bill and that some members were guilty of accepting bribes. It looks as though Mr. Jacobson knows what has beeu going on and there is consternation in cer tain quarters. Mankato Free Press—The charge of bribery in connection with the gross earnings bill seems to have stirred up a warm time in the house at St. Paul. It is claime<rthat Messrs. Jacobson and Washburn have affidavits which show a conspiracy aimed to defeat the bill and it is alleged that it involves a number of house member-. New Ulm News—Mr. Jacobson. the stalwart representative in the legislature from Lac qui-Parle county, who introduced the bill to increase the railroad gross earnings tax from 3 to 4 per cent, is making a hot fight to pass the bill and to prevent its reference to the tax commission. Owatonna Journal—Whether or not money was used»pr attempted to be used to Influence railroad legislation at the present session of the legislature will probably never be known. Legislative investigating committees have a singular facility for not finding out disagree able things. Hutchinson Leader—ln a speech in the house of representatives last Wednesday Mr. Jacobson showed that the aggregate value of railroad stock and bonds representing Min nesota property Is $326,000,000 Applying the usual standard of assessment, one-third, and multiplying the quotient by 25 mills, the average rate other property is compelled to pay, ho obtained a total of $2,700,000, a mil lion and a quarter more than the railroads are now paying. Were they taxed upon a 4 per cent basis the state's income from this source would be $1,900,000, a sum almost a million leas than the aggregate would be un der the system of taxation adopted *vith refer ence to other property. Still water Messenger—Mr .lacobson of Lac qui-Parle county, and Mr. Washburn of Hen nepin, have raised a hornet's nest in the house by charging corruption on the part of the railroads, in defeating the railroad gross earnings bill. The thoroughly reckless ac tion so far of members in regard to the Ilurd oil bill, and other sinecures that should be abolished, and the people relieved from oner ous and unnecessary taxes indicate that there is a corruption fund that is playing a de moralizing part with the honesty of our legis lators. Pipestone Star—The smoothness with which everything had been moving along in the legislature up to this time has received a rude interruption in the sensational charges of corruption which are now being made by Representative Jacobson and others. A bill had been introduced to increase the gross earnings tax on railroads, and an effort had been made by a certain faction to kill the bill by referring it to the tax commission. This purpose was covered up by some plaus ible arguments, but if the charges now being made are true, it appears that bribery was at the root of the whole movement. Albert Lea Tribune—The proposed law to compel railroads to pay a gToss earnings tax of 4 rather than 3 per cent is simply an effort to have these Riant institutions pay their share of the taxes of the country, and It is but just, for the railroads have been pay- Ing the same rate for many years while in almost every community taxes have increased to a greater or le3s degree. The raiiroad3 pay a percentage of what they earn, while Individuals pay taxes on what they possess regardless of its earning capacity. The lobby has been getting in its deadly work upon the members who are susceptible to that Influ ence and the constituents of those men should treat them as Freeborn county treats traitors. Fergus Falls Journal—lt looks now as though the proposition to increase the gross earnings tax on railroads would be referred by the present legislature to the tax com mission which has been appointed by Gover nor Van Sant. If this is done it will be quite i. saving for the roads. When the gross earnings tax was defeated in the senate two years ago, Governor Lind figured that it would save the roads of the state $600,000 a year for four years, or $2,400,000. This may be rather large but should railroad earnings continue to increase it may reach this amount. Wadena Plone&r Journal—The people of the state of Minnesota, irrespective of political affiliations, certainly have just cause to sev erely criticise and censure the majority in the lower house of the state legislature for its evident disposition to kill the Jacobson gross earnings tax upon the railroads for this session. The action of the house is all the more despicable when it is taken into con sideration that two years ago that body passed this same bill by a large majority, and later on when it met defeat in the senate and some of the members of thta body were being publicly condemned for voting against it, many of these representatives, who Wednes day voted to practically kill the bill, curried favor with their unsophisticated and confiding constituents by calling attention to the fact that they voted for the bill. Two years ago the railroads made no fight in the house, but confined their '"arguments" to the senate. This year It has been understood for some time that the senate would pass the bill if the house did, so the railroads confined their "work" to the house. Fergus Falls Journal—The bill to increase the gross earnings tax on railroads was de feated In the house last night by a vote of 64 to 50. Mr. Jacobson of Lac qul Parle and W. D. Washburn, Jr., of Minneapolis led ' the fight for the bill while Mr. Laybourn of Duluth led the fight against it. An attempt was made to dodge the issue by referring it to the tax . commission, :, but Jacobson put the railroad crowd , right on , the "• rack and demanded that they vote for or against the bill. Mr. Washburn gave notice that he would move to reconsider the bill. Lay bourn ' tried tto '■ give -it i the' finishing ' touches and bury it then and there, but was not suc cessful. Jacobson and Washburn openly charged that the railroads had been cor rupting * members to vote against the bill and a committee to inv»»y.«v*>» has been appointed.' '*,:"- v .."■'. AMUSEMENTS Anna Held in »i'«i>a'» Wife" at the Metropolitan. French to her finger tips, overflowing with youth, life end beauty, Anna Held Is every thing that fancy had painted her. It happens that this is no light tribute to her charms, for seldom has a new star In the theatrical firmament been heralded in terms of such extravagant praise. At first a saucy ehan teuse like her country-woman Guilbert, to whose talents she added the supreme one of beauty, Miss Held has under the wonderfully fostering influence of American dollars de veloped Into a comedienne with a broader and better charter. Lissome of figure, mobile of feature, with the elasticity and spirits of youth and a voice not specially musical but nevertheless tuned to expi^s* the most dpli cate shades of meaning, she is well equipped for this better Held of endeavor. She h/is the knack, which seems to be every French woman's heritage, of making the most of her physical gifts, and as these are opulent enough, she would win success merely as a beautiful woman who knows how to choose her raiment and how to wear it well. The French have coined the word '"chic" to ex press the peculiar charm of such a woman and as there is no English equivalent for tho word one must borrow it, perforce. But quite aside from her charm of face and figure and manner, quite aside too from her ability to sing a bit of a (bansonette with a delicate and not offensive suggestlve uess, Anna Held gives promise of higher achievements iv the fleia of comedy. This promise seems to have surprised both critics and public, and although it is not much more than a promise in the present vehicle, "Papa's Wife," one may without danger in dulge in prophecies of worthier works. The revelation comes in the supper scene of the second act, when .the guileless bride, fresh from the convent, makes the acquaintance of champagne and, innocently enough, goes through the various stages of ttpsloess. The tact and discretion with which Miss Held handles this trying scene are almost be yond belief. Certainly, there are very few women on the stage to-day who could invest it with such an appearance of innocence or indicate under these conditions such innate purity of heart. In fact. Miss Held's imper sonation of the little convent girl, married off French fashion to an old roue, is re markable throughout for this quality of sug gesting absolute innocence in various situa tions more or less trying. One thing that will contribute to the suc cess of Miss Held's career in America is the marvelous ease with which she seems to have acquired English in the comparatively brief time she has spent here. She speaks, of course, with an accent, but it is a pretty, piquant accent that does not interfere with intelligibility. Her English is better to-day than either -Rhea or Modjeska was able to speak after years of study and practice. '•Papa's Wife" Is a rather weak mixture of two French vaudeville sketches turned out by Harry B. Smith, and furnished with some colorless musical numbers by De Koven and others. But it furnishes, after all, a very satisfactory medium for Miss Held and the unusually good support which has been given her. Charles A. Bigelow is the chief laugh maker and he is one of the best in the busi ness. He impersonates a lank and facile music teacher at the convent, whose progress through the skit is beset with tribulations that try but cannot break his spirit. This is an original creation, unlike anything ever seen before. In spite of the hurricanes of laughter with which the trusting, sorely tried but always cheerful professor Is greeted, Mr. Bigelow manages to convey an impression of truth in his characterization. There is less of exaggeration, less of caricature in the picture, eccentric though It is, than might be expected. The scene where the elephantine I Rosalie faints on his hands is, of course, somewhat overdrawn, but it is wildly, deliri ously funny—so funny that the house is left at its conclusion gasping helplessly for breath. The color is laid on broadly enough here, but there are delicate touches all through that proclaim Mr. Bigelow a master in low comedy. George Marion is admir able as the French major whose lot in life it Is to be deceived by a succession of gay charmers. He has the military way of speech and action and makes an excellent foil for Miss Held in the supper scene. Max Figman plays the two roles of father and son ac ceptably and Dan Collyer as the black valet does well with a rather barren role. The chorus is collectively and individually good to look at. It also betrays a commend able disposition to share in the action when occasion arises and never fails to be pretty and girlish. Moreover, it is arrayed in vari ant samples of purple and fine linen at vari ous times. The production as a whole is munificently and tastefully staged. The pict ure presented in each of the three acts is strikingly effective. _w B C "Lout in the Desert" at the Bijou. "From Greenland's Icy Mountains to In dia's Coral Strand" is a far stretch of coun try, and yet scarce farther than the route traversed by a party of Americans who are wrecked on the coast of Arabia in "Lost in the Desert." the Bijou offering this week The wreck Is caused by the consuming desire of the villain to posses the true-hearted girl who loves the good-looking young man Vho is wrongly accused of having stolen the bank's funds. The first act takes place on board ship and barring some redundancy of speech, is a good piece of -dramatic construction.' The plot is clearly outlined and the marshalling of incidents leading up to the burning of the ship is accomplished so cleverly that the exciting climax is invested with "real splen dor and terror. The scenes In Arabia, although broken and picturesque, crowd upon each other so fast that legitimate excuses for the extraordinary carryings on of the dramatis personae are not furnished. The result is that there is a good deal of sound and fury signifying noth ing but a frenzied desire to "make a killing," as it were. Thrilling scenes, tremendous cli maxes, amazing disclosures follow- with the regularity of waves. In one most exciting scene, the heroine is bound to a wild horse in true Mazeppa fashion, and the terrified steed is given a free rein across the track less desert. At least that is the way it ap pears. This effect is produced by the old device used in the "County Fair" and other race-borse plays, which shows a live horse galloping like mad on a rotary machine be fore a moving panorama to suggest the idea of rapid movement. A friendly Arab pur sues and captures the wild horse and saves the young woman "all right." The stage pictures showing life In Arabia are interesting and of great educational value. The eye takes in at a glance what dozens of pages of historical writing could not impart half so well, and in this respect "Lost in the Desert" is highly meritorious. The star feature of the play Is the big group of acrobats and gymnasts, consisting or eight men and two boys. Their feats of strength and skill are wonderful and are everywhere received with great enthusiasm. No apparatus is used, as all of their acts are confined to pyramid work and acrobatic jug gling with each other. The company includes Helen Aubuery, a capable actress; Edwin Walters as the hero, end Orlin Kyle as Duncan Howard, the four ply villain. The comedy bits supplied by Albert C. Davis and Iza Breyer are good in themselves but do not facilitate the action.to any appreciable extent. Two or three "play ers" would never be missed from the crist. The production is a big one and there are few dull moments in It. —W. A. D. Foyer Chat. "The Dairy Farm," which begins a week's engagement at the Metropolitan next Sunday, is a play which appeals to the non-theater goer in very much the same manner as the "Old Homestead" and "The Little Minister," while having a strong hold on the regular theater patrons. The play will be presented here with the same scenic surroundings and the same competent cast as when seen here last September. The sale of seats begins Thursday morning. The coining week at the Bijou Alberta Gal latin, supported by her own company, will appear as Nell Gwynne. Miss OallaUn is not only a charming and pretty woman and an accomplished actress, but an ideal Nell Gwynne. She has appeared in support of Richard Mansfleld, T. W. Keene, Mrs. Piske, Henry Miller and Joseph Jefferson. She is eminently fitted to give a finished grace anJ charm to saucy -Nell Gwynne, a work of originality, replete with wit, pathos and ro mantic situations. The production is said to be sumptuous, correct and seenically com plete, and is staged under the immediate supervision of Miss Qallatln. THE INTERVENING ANCESTOR BY ISABEL M. ASHTON. Copyright, 1901, by T. C. McClure. Out on the wide veranda of Washington Manor an Italian orchestra was playing a Hungarian air. Within the great, white-pil lared house on the heights the annual recep tion of the Daughters of the Perpetual Evo lution was being held in strict accordance with the traditions of an impressive and pa triotic order. Fifty youths in buff and blue uniforms were hastening about over the white lawn with no apparent object other than to show their powdered hair la the dear light of day. On the steps were standing some of the Washington Guards, all unconscious of the fact that their uniforms were modeled after the garb of British officers iv the reigu of George the Third. Taken all in all, it was a day of triumph for Mrs. James Henry Melton. She had al ways longed for ancestors, and now that she had established the fact that she had a revolu tionary one, her cup of joy was filled to overflowing. The house in which she lived had belonged to an old American family which had long ago lapsed into hopeless bankruptcy. The way of Mrs. Melton to preferment as the descendant of revolutionary stock had been the road of the rough. She had at first applied to the Daughters of the Real Con volution, who required that ail candidates for admission must be descended in the male line from an officer who fought in. the war for American independence. "Shall 1 send in my family record?" she asked of the secretary of the order. ■#lt will not be necessary," was the reply. "We have your name and it will be so easy to flnd out all about you, my dear Mrs. Melton." Mrs. Melton was overcome with vexation a week later, when she recived notification from the grand secretary that her application could not be granted for the reason that her ancestor, Colonel Bainbridge Tarlton, had been so unfortunate as to have commanded a regiment of Hessians. Of this disappointment the Daughters of the Perpetual Evolution had been founded, and Mrs. James Henry Melton became the first regent of a new chapter. Ancestors from the feminine side of the house were accepted. She had purchased the old house on the outskirts of the metropolis, for it was said that General George Washington had once used it as his headquarters, it was far from a comfortable dwelling-house at the beat, and Mrs. Melton frowned upon modern im provements. The rooms were gradually filled with strange wares from antique shops, and the building was dedicated as a perpetual siirine to the Father of his Country. There was an oak out on the lawn which a young French officer had planted. There was also a stately elm supposed to have been placed there in its Infancy by the hands of the great liberator himself. The house became the headquarters of the Daughters of the Per petual Evolution, and now there was talk of selecting Mrs. Melton as the grand regent of the order in the United States. The organ ization had grown and Mrs. Melton was en gaged in making persistent avowals of her unworthiness to be the head of such a dis tinguished body. The reception which she was giving on the day preceding the annual election was seized upon by some of Mrs. Melton's freiends as an opportunity to in crease her capital as a candidate. Under such circumstances, and with her mind upon such large ambitions, it was ex ceedingly distasteful to her that young John Dunstan should persist in his attentions to her daughter. Isabel Melton had ideas of her own, and she had on several occasions ex pressed unsympathetic opinions of the Daugh ters of the Perpetual Evolution. She had not even asked for admission to the local chap ter. Such heresy as this Mrs. Melton could attribute only to the influence of young Mr. Dunstan. He made washing soda which he called by a patriotic name. The title was emblazoned on the fences along many miles of railroad. To Mrs. Melton it seemed re markable that a daughter of hers should look with favor on anybody who was not of the purest revolutionary strain. There was Rich ard Waldover Perkins, for instance, who fulfilled every condition of eligibility. He was the direct descendant of one who rad "followed the fortunes of the Continental army." He was rich and his mother was actually thinking of furnishing the funds for the casting of bronze tablets which the Daughters might place on certain public buildings in the metropolis. "If you only had some war-like forbears," said Isabel Melton to Dunstan that after noon as they sat beneath the historic oak "1 think that we might easily overcome tha maternal objections." 'Mine did not begin fighting until the Mexican and civil wars," replied Dunstan. "They became generals and colonels, but, after all, that does not count for much. Strange that the new name for the wash ing soda did not soften her any." From the house there issued a babel of voices. Apparently many expressions of won der, mingled with the general uproar. Relays of daughters hurried from the lawn to the great front door. Richard Waldover Perkins, In resplendent uniform, hurried down the cinder walk. "You really must come in," he said. "It is the most interesting thing you ever saw. Mr. Melton says he will not examine them until you come. The papers, you know. A secret cupboard has been found near the old mantel." Around the fireplace the Daughters of the Perpetual Evolution had foregathered. The air was filled with exclamations. Iv the center of the group was James H^nry Mel ton, the husband of the prospective regent, a ■white whiskered, benevolent person, was ■waiting to read a page of yellowed paper. "This house being now completed," he read, "I, Ebenezer Huntington, wish to say in this year of grace, 1800, that it was built after the independence of our country had been achieved, and at no time did it serve as a headquarters for General George Wash ington. Only a few years have passed, yet there are several hundreds such places, and Mrs. Melton rushed forward, too late to atop her husband. Had he known the con tents of that paper and the consequences which it bore b.9 could not have acted with such remarkable lack of diplomacy. He heard later the views of a tearful woman who sat in a room strewn with torn and aged papers and still festooned with the decorations of the most disastrous reception in all her days. A certain Mr. Perkins who had found the secret spring by accident, had just taken a hasty and apologetic leave and under the oak Isabel Melton and John Dunstan sat looking hopefully at the sky of early spring. Increase of Population. To the Editor of The Journal: What is the average yearly natural in crease, that is, outside of immigration of population in the United States? What was the natural increase from 1890 to 1900*— In quirer. Census bureau officials say that no accurate computation of the natural increase in popu lation outside of immigration has ever been made. The returns for 1900 will show it, but they will not be compiled for some months. FRESH JOKES April Smart Set. The Care of Infanta. "She makes herself the slave of her baby " "Yes?" "Yes; she won't permit anybody else to weigh him, and the result is that she can't be away from home more than two hours at a time." Thought It Probable. Miss Withers—He asked me to marry him last night. The* Friend—And did you?i Necessary Apology. . He—Newly wed is always ' talking about his •wife's money. " •■ "' | She—That's very . strange. '*i "Not so very. You just ought to see her." .Ideal Enough for Earth. Miss Bridesoon—What Is your Idea of tie Ideal | lover? Miss Yellowleaf—The one who marries. When the Dreamer* Wake, ; Cora—Was their marriage a surprise? ' Lena— No; but everybody thinks It will be. ""•irTTiBM i iJrTmrmTHinmTii.nHiciiini m ■- - , .. , i TUESDAY EVENING, MARCH 26, 1901. MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL'S CIBENT TOPICS SERIES * (Copyright, 1901. by Victor F. Lawson.) PAPERS BY EXPERTS AND SPECIALISTS OF NATIONAL. REPUTATION. COLONIAL GOVERNMENTS OF TO-DAY. Series under the supervision of Professor Jo'nn H. Finley of Princeton university. VI.—THE COLrONIAL POLICY OF PRAFiCE By Robert de Caix, Foreign Editor of the Journal dcs Debats. A look at the map will show that the French republic has acquired a veritable empire. Her flag now floats over more than £500,000 square miles and 50,000,000 natives of all jr ■'-■ /**+ - mmo^ - - S £ *'"*^ NATIVE SOLDIER OF THE FRENCH SUDAN. colors. All this territorial progress was ac complished within a score of years. When the third republic took charge of the destinies of France that country had but one large colony—Algeria. In more distant regions she possessed only a few microscopic remnants of the vast colonial domain of the old monarchy; a few islands in the West Indies, Guiana, settlements without hinterland on the African coast and five miserable pieces of inclosed land in British India, the only remains of the great work of Dupleix. To this colonial dust the monarchy had added New Caledonia and the second empire Cochin- Chlna. Such had betn, aside from the con quest of Algeria, the only addition to France's colonial domain during the first three-quar ters of the nineteenth century, while she had been a prey incessantly to the paralyzing struggles of hostile doctrines, makers and unmakerß of constitutions. Suddenly, toward 1880, France came out of her torpor. About that time all Europe, in deed, arrived at a historic turning point. Italy and Germany had become something more than mere geographical terms. The nations were united into greajt, solid masses that offered no longer the same opportunities for war, since they had become so much more terrible than in the past. Then all the peoples of Europe, having recovered from the struggles that gave rise to this last con centration of the great nations, thrown back upon the world beyond the sta by the formid able might of their neighbors, turned to the work of colonization in which England until then had been supreme. Extending Colonial Possessions. France reached out into Asia and took an active part in the apportionment of Africa. She took possession of the eastern half of Indo-China, and secured Madagascar, which she conquered a little later. Algeria, enlarged by Tunis, began to extend across the desert toward the south, while Senegal, the small colonies of the coast of Guinea and the French Congo, became real territories and stretched toward the center of the continent, bo that they all at last met on the banks of Lake Tchad. This Joining of all the Afri can possessions of France into a single em pire became a concrete reality on the day when three columns, one from Algeria, a sec ond from Senegal and a third from Congo united south of Lake Tchad and crushed aud killed Rabah, the last great slave-holding chief, who had continued to lay waste the interior of the African continent. Such an expansion could not fail to have an important influence upon the people con cerned in it. In the opinion of all the young er generation the real adversary of France is no longer the nation which took two prov inces from us thirty years ago, but rather the one we have met for twenty years on every road that leads ua toward colonial empire. Certainly no Frenchman yet renounces the hope of regaining Alsace-Lorraine, but at the bottom of their hearts Frenchmen expect It no longer from a war against Germany, which ■was considered only a few years ago a necessity to be accepted almost gladly; now they hope for it mainly through the advent of a sort of European millennium. To-day the French must expect eventful clouds of war rather from the northwesc than from the east. Coiit of Colonial Armies. Under such conditions it seems that the uppermost care of France would be the de fense and domination of her colonial empire. One's first care generally is to keep what one has acquired. Frence has amply provided In that direction. In fact, 139.775 French soldiers are maintained in the colonies, or 22 per cent of the total army, at a total annual cost of J38.000.0000 The colonial army is particularly burdensome, requiring twice tha list of officers actively employed normally, for the periodical sojourn of those officers In Europe for the sake of health, including both voyages, takes up as much time a 8 their stay in the colonies. The size of the army and of the budget shows with what weight the colonies press upon France, and alao to what degree the country has become enamored of a colonial policy that lays such burdens upon it. Some even go so far as to say that it compromises our security In .Europe, and it is certain that the distribution of guch an Important share of the French military forces in various parts of the globe would render us weaker in the presence of a continental storm. To Defend the Colonlep. The colonial forces ne«d a further word of explanation. They do not serve merely for the purpose of maintaining order among the natives. They are augmented because of the fear of a possible invasion from without. Our colonial troops constitute much less an army of dominion than one of defense. It would, in truth, be a serious mistake to believe that the conquest of the French colonial empire has given rise everywhere to struggles with the natives. The history of the warfare in Algeria must not create a wrong impression in that respect. It was only through a num ber of mistakes in Mussulman politics, whioh even an extraordinary display of military heroism could not correct, that the conquest of Algeria has extended over more than twenty years and has often put In movement more than 100,000 soldiers all at once. Besides thoae to Algeria, France has or ganized but three heavy military expeditions —that of Tonquin, where we employed 25,000 men: that of Madagascar, which required 16,000, and, finally, that of Dahomey, of much more modest proportions. As to Tunis, France sent many troops there, but It was much, less a question of crushing the natives, the majority of whom did not even make v attempt to resist, than of making an im posing political demonstration. As an offset to these military movements, there are colo nies whose conquest did not put any soldiers In motion. The Immense region of the Con go has been gradually occupied by the prog ress of civil administrators, who advanced ad diplomatists la 'he midst of tribes without cohesion and who but very rarely had to fall back upon the services of the mere police escorts that accompanied them. In the west ern Sudan, on the contrary, the French have warred incessantly, but the conquest was achieved very slowly, employing scarcely any more forces than those normally attached to that dependency. To-day the French posts, which stretch on one side from Senegal to Lake Tchad, and on the other from Lake Tchad to the Congo, are held by fewer than 10,000 men. Complications at Fa»hoda. It Is, therefore, not the mass of natives, but rather the possibility of outside danger, that compels us to maintain in the colonies such large forces. To tell the truth, France had been conducting her colonial policy fop more than fifteen years without considering the possibility of a foreign war. The French republic had conquered finally a vast empira without providing an instrument for its de fense. Suddenly the difficulty at Fashoda arose. It found France with colonies insufficiently guarded, facing the danger of beholding the sea occupied by a much more powerful navy than that of France, which might make it impossible to send help to the colonial forces hastily. Therefore reinforcements were dis patched to all the colonies, hardly any of which have been recalled so far. It caj?, therefore, be said that, at the present time, the troops of the French colonies are on a war footing. They have been Increased so as to be able to hold back an aggressor- even were he wholly master of the sea—long enough to discourage an attack. Bui it is apparent that the present state of affairs cannot last, and already the govern ment is at work putting order Into the situa tion created by the Fashoda incident. In the very beginning the French government un derstood that there could be no great colo nial politics without a navy. The difficul ties of Great Britain's war with the Boers show what the troubles would be if even the greatest naval power were to attempt an at tack upon the colonies of a nation prepared to disturb her military transports. There has been adopted in France a naval program carrying $140,000,000 for vessels and naval sta tions from 1901 to 1907, without counting tha $60,000,000 which we devote regularly each year to the navy. Moreover, an effort is in progress to adopt a positive military method for the defense of the colonies. The creation of a special co lonial army has just been voted. Organizing a Colonial Army. The colonial army will be composed of 3,299 artillerymen in the colonies and about the same number in France, 28,18(5 soldiers of -colonial infantry and 24,968 native sharp shooters, half of whom are to be drawn from Indo-China, the other half from Africa. All these troops have a proportionate number of officers, ensigns and special corps. Of the 25,166 soldiers of colonial infantry, 1G.373 will be in garrison In France and will form, with that part of the colonial artillery also so journing in Europe, an army corps capable of participating in the defense of the metropolis. It is probable that, instead of endeavoring to increase the number of permanent troops stationed in the colonies, reserves will be organized there that can be mobilized at first call. In Reunion, Guadeloupe and Mar tinique, this is already being done, and In each of these islands 6,000 men could be called together in case of war. In more extended possessions the same sya tem will be applied on a much larger scale, and already the desire is clear to look no ionger upon the colonies merely from the viewpoint of military defense, but rather to find in them elements of strength for France. Such elements have been revealed already in Algeria. In 1870-1 the Algerian troops played an Important part in the war with Germany. Soldier* From Algeria. The garrison of Algeria never has been dis tinguished from the army of the republic, whose nineteenth corps it forms. The rule has been established that the recruits from Algeria shall perform their military service hereafter In the capital of France. Every year 5,000 of these young men are thus brought to Paris. Besides, the military or ganization of the Arabian population, which Is now completely subjected, is more and more available every year, and in case of war, Algeria and Tunis would put into the Held at least 120,000 soldiers for France. There la already a question of military utilization of western Africa. But it goes without saying that the tax-burdened French men—approximately 100 francs (S2O) a head, merely for state taxes—cannot be expected to provide all the expenses of such an enter prise. The colonies will have to provide partly for this themselves. This lead* us to examining the development of industry In the French colonies in another paper. Paris, France. ■Note—' de \ Calx's article on "The Colo nies of France—Their Trade : and; Govern ment," will be; published next Tuesday, . ..' ; . Good That Protttetb. As long ;as our civilization is essentially one of property, of force, of exclusiveness,. it will be ■ mocked dv delusion*. • Our riches .•will leave us : sick; :;there will be bitterness <n our laughter: and our wine will burn cur mouth. Only that sood profits which. wo can taste C with all doors • open ; and whlca T serves all men.