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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, March 26, 1901, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1901-03-26/ed-1/seq-4/

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T H 12 JOURNAL Is published
every evening', except , Sunday, at
47-49 Fourth Street South, Journal
Building, Minneapolis, Minn.
C J. mutton, Manager Foreign Adver
tising Department. .
NEW YORK OFFICE— 87, 88 Tribune
building. »
change building.
Payable to The Journal Printing Co.
Delivered by Mail.
One copy, one month $0.35
One copy, three months 1.00
One copy, six months 2.00
One copy, one year 4.00
Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.50
Delivered by Carrier.
One copy, one week 8 cents
One copy, one month 35 cents
Single copy 2 cents
Worse Than the Boodle Talk
The fear is expressed on the part of
fcome republican members thai the talk
of bribery in connection with the work
of the legislature will hurt the republi
can party.
It won't hurt it half as much as will
a failure to pass the gross earnings bill.
The people of the state have been call
ins 'or this increase in railroad taxation
for years and both parties promised it
iv the last campaign. The defeat of the
■measure at this session by postponement
till the extra session increases greatly
the chances for the defeat of the meas
ure altogether by this legislature. If the
opposition to the measure can prevent its
passage at a long session of seventy-nine
days on the flimsy pretext of reference
to the tax commission it ■will not have
much difficulty in inventing some excuse
sufficient to head off the proposition, at
the short session next year—and it is
not to be expected that the legislature
on an election year is going to hold an
extra session that will materially increase
altogether the length of a full regular
No, the best way to destroy the effect
of the boodle talk is to pass the gross
earnings bill now—a measure carrying
to a test in the courts a question -with
which the tax commission has nothing
to do and cannot decide, either as to the
amount of the increase or the constitu
tionality of the law. Any move to post
pone is only to incur greater danger that
this legislature will finally adjourn with
out complying with this general and fair
Details of Lord Lansdowne's reply to our
government on the subject of the amended
canal treaty reveal a most courteous dis
position and some very sensible comments
upon the extraordinarily contradictory ter
minology of the amendments. Had we been
given by Great Britain the same experi
ence our senate has given her, there would
be heard to-day a fearful and detonating
roar from Moosehead Lake to the Rio
Grande and from Port Townsend to Key
"West demanding speedy vengeance and the
evisceration of John Bull. Lord Lans
downe racher sarcastically calls attention
to th< absurdity of leaving the treaty
■with jg clause declaring the principle of
neutrality along- with Another declaring
that the United States may take any meas
ure it may find necessary for securing by
Its own forces the defense of the United
States and the maintenance of public
order. Lansdowne naturally says:
"It eeems the amendment might be bo
constructed as leaving open to the United
States at any moment, not only if war
existed, but even if it were anticipated, to
take measures, however stringent and far
reaching, which in their own Judgment
might be represented as suitable for the
purpose of protecting their national inter
ests. Such an enactment would strike at
the very root of that general principle of
neutralization upon -which the Clayton-
Bulwer treaty was based and which was
reaffirmed in the convention as drafted."
Lord Lansdowne also shows the absur
dity of contending that the Davis amend
ment to the canal treaty was identical or
an&lagous to a provision of the Suez canal
treaty, article ten, which gives the sultan
of Turkey or the khedive of Egypt the
right, notwithstanding other provisions of
the treaty, to take measures for the de
fense of Egypt, i. c., for the defense of the
canal itself, of which the control could
only be secured by attacking Egypt The
l>avis amendment gives our government
th# right to take such measures as it sees
fit for the defense of the United States
and use the canal as an instrument of
war and close it or open it at pleasure as
Buch, which nullifies any declaration of
neutrality in the treaty.
In the Suez canal treaty there is not the
slightest Intimation of according to the
eultan or the khedive any power to impair
thm neutrality of the canal. Article eleven
of tie suez canal treaty distinctly declares
that "the measures which shall be taken
in the cases provided for in articles nine
and ten of the present treaty, must not
constitute an obstacle to the free us© of
the canal." The amendment to the Hay-
Pauncefote treaty very emphatically pro
vides for the deliberate obstruction of the
canal to commerce and its use as an in
strument of war. It will be far better
for our government to handle this canal
question as a purely business matter and
carry it out as such. Otherwise it will
prove a boomerang on our Lands.
The Fine Arts Exhibition
The second annual exhibition of the Min
neapolis Society of Fine Arts is a public
event that should not escape the notice of
anyone interested in the harmonious de
velopment of the city. The society is the
chief organized art influence in the com
munity and it is entitled to the support
of all whose wish to see the art interests
of the city keep pace with its material
prosperity. It is not* altogether a question
of one's individual love and appreciation
of pictures in general or of the pictures
shown at the exhibition; it is more than
that —a matter of civic pride.
The annual exhibition of the art so
ciety Las a twofold purpose—to teach to
the whole city what is good in art and to
afford the gratification which comes
from seeing beautiful things and to en
large the permanent art treasures of the
The first is promoted by bringing up the
attendance to the highest possible point.
In this the society has done its part by
placing the admission at the lowest figures
possible to meet the expenses. Should
anything remain over it would go into the
picture fund. The educational work is
considered so important that provision Is
made for admitting the school children
free and last year there were no more
appreciative visitors and many showed the
effect of the art training of the public
schools by their intelligent appreciation.
The purchase of pictures from the an
nual collection is important and indeed,
vital to the success of the exhibitions.
The city is not only enriched by every
purchase, but these insure the securing of
more and better works for the exhibitions
each succeeding year. Last year the so
ciety raised by subscription a fund and
purchased LAthroy's "Clouds and Hills"
one of the gems of the collection. This
year there will not only be a subscription
list circulated outside but all visitors will
be given an opportunity to subscribe any
amounts, large or small, at the gallery.
A subscription was already in progress for
the purchase of one of Robert Koehler's
works for the permanent gallery, and it
is probable that the society will merge
its subscription with that and purchase
"The Strike," which Mr. Koehler is ex
hibiting this year.
This would be a happy solution of the
desire expressed lo show the public ap
preciation of Mr. Koehler's work in the
art school and as a public spirited citi
zen and no more suitable time or way
could be found, for it is due to Mr. Koeh
ler's large experience, untiring energy,
and zeal for the art development of the
city that these exhibitions have been made
The membership of the art society is in
creasing gratifyingly but should be at
least quadrupled. The society is begin
ning to see the possibility, with continued
support, of offering either a series of
prizes or medals that will have an im
portant influence in bringing fine pic
tures to the city. With the improve
ment of the exhibitions the proportion of
private sales should increase, for with the
best brought to our doors and with op
portunity for studying long and carefully
in the gallery, there will be less need of
going east or abroad to buy pictures.
A Profitable Investment for
Probably no other single agency has done
more for the promotion of the interests
of Minnesota than the state fair. For a
score of years the fair has brought to
gether annually an exhibit of the best
that the state could produce, affording
each year a record of the agricultural
progress of the community and bringing
into touch all the elements of the popu
lation. Through all this time it has been
distinctively educational and generally
free from objectionable features. But
during the past half-dozen years the Min
nesota fair has taken on a larger impor
tance. From the position of a local state
exhibit it has risen to that of a national
display. It has takea first place among
the state fairs of the country both in
number and quality of exhibits and In
attendance, and now it has added to all
this the feature of a national live atock
Last September the largest display of
live stock ever held in the world was
gathered together at the Hamline
grounds; this year an even more remark
able exhibit is practically assured. And
we are not noting these facts because
they "sound big." It may be pleasant to
the pride of the state to hold these great
exhibitions; but there is a practical im
portance in them that is of far more
worth than any sentimental considera
tions. The money value to the north
west through the introduction of a few
hundred pure-bred cattle to its farms
each year will soon be enormous.
Of equal value to the northwest is the
splendid advertising which these national
stock shows give this part of the coun
try. It is a fact that many people still
regard this part of the country as bleak
and frigid. Stock farmers, especially,
have not, as a class, looked with favor
upon the northwest. The succulent
grasses, the fields of clover and fodder,
the blue lakes and clear streams, the
rich farms and great cities were a revela
tion to many intelligent stock men who
visited Minnesota for the first time last
year. They were equally surprised when
northwestern farmers came into the auc
tion tent at Hamline and counted out
bank bills for blooded stock; they had
thought that our farmers would not buy
high-priced animals. These men have
gone back to their homes all over the
east and south and have never ceased to
talk of the beauties of Minnesota, while
the stock and farm papers have been
full of the praises of the northwest. Last
year's show opened many eyes. Not a
little of the great immigration of this
year may be credited to the stock ex
hibition of 1900.
Last September the exhibition was
given under great difficulties because of
lack of facilities. Though our state fair
has trebled in size in a decade, it has
not in that time received a cent for new
buildings. A live stock amphitheater,
a building for the display of agricultural
exhibits, a machinery building and some
minor structures are imperatively needed.
Twice last summer the whole plant at
Hamline was threatened with destruction
'because of insufficient water supply.
The people of Minnesota can spend
their money in no better way than in giv
ing to the state fair the buildings and
fire protection which its public-spirited
managers ask of the legislature. It will
be money well spent—an investment
which will be indirectly to the profit of
every resident of the state. The legis
lature is confronted by many claims, but
if the people make it plain that they
want the state fair taken care of the
legislators will assuredly make the neces
sary appropriation.
Chairman Mallory of the bribery investi
gating committee gives out a hint that if
anybody can find the committee it is wel
come to present charges after they first satis
fy him that the charges are worth investi
gating. Mr. Mallory meets dally and is open
to conviction.
We are commanded to love all men. But.
speaking of the man that comes In and ex
pectorates on the restaurant floor—well, we
can love him, but our preferences lie else
Some foolish creatures are asking where
Mr. Carnegie got all this money that he is
giving away so generously. Brethren, let us
not be too particular.
The czar has just put on his boiler-plate
shirt and is wearing a stove lid on his
bosom. His pantaloons are expected frota
the foundry shortly.
A Russian ttudent shot at Pobiedonostzeft".
It doesn't seem as though he could miss
Did somebody say that what this country
seeded was free silver coinage? Or was that
a dream?
The' tornado has reached *»" far north as
Alabama. At present Minnesota has noth
ing more dangerous than th« robin liar.
Whoever expects to corrupt the house with
a miserable pittance of $40,000 will get fooled.
The crises in China are getting as com
mon as old brass in an auction shop.
Good evening; have you bought a legisla
ture yet?
George K. Kent has lost his diamonds.
Going ou the stage?
-IMiS Ull.l.
OhSsago County Courier—The effort to refer
Jacobson's gioss earnings tax bill to the tax
commission was a cowardly procedure, an
underhanded way to kill the bill. As the
commission would have neither the power to
amend nor pass the bill, the only thing it
could do would be to report on it to the next
legislature. And meanwhile the railroads
would have a breathing spell to devise new
schemes for its defeat. Mere's to Jacobson
and justice.
Wadeua Pioneer-Journal—lf the gross earn
ings bill had not been agitated for several
years, proposition to refer It to a commis
sion would appear more plausible. In the last
campaign it became an issue, and the people
demanded it in the platforms of both the
great parties. To now attempt to dodge th<»
responsibility of passing it is unmanly and
dishonest. No one will deny that it Is of vast
importance to the railroads 10 have this
postponed and sidetracked as long as possible.
Each year the bill fajls to become a law it
saves the railroads of this state $500,000 in
taxes. This extra tax would not be burden
some to them, but would only be a fair pro
portion of what other people rHy- The peo
ple of the state of Minnesota are in favor
of fairly testing the constitutionality of this
gross earnings question. The only way this
can be done is for the legislature to pass the
bill, have i*. approved by the people. Then
the railroads will appeal to the courts, and
this question will be settled once and for all.
Every other plan is a mere subterfuge and
scheme to delay irs passage, and the people of
the state of Minnesota will not stand for 11.
Moorhead Independent—The Jacobson bill
to increase the railroad gross earnings fax to
4 per cent has stirred up a tempest in the
house. Mr. Jacobson charged ou the floor
of the house that money had been freely used
to defeat the bill and that some members
were guilty of accepting bribes. It looks as
though Mr. Jacobson knows what has beeu
going on and there is consternation in cer
tain quarters.
Mankato Free Press—The charge of bribery
in connection with the gross earnings bill
seems to have stirred up a warm time in the
house at St. Paul. It is claime<rthat Messrs.
Jacobson and Washburn have affidavits which
show a conspiracy aimed to defeat the bill
and it is alleged that it involves a number
of house member-.
New Ulm News—Mr. Jacobson. the stalwart
representative in the legislature from Lac
qui-Parle county, who introduced the bill to
increase the railroad gross earnings tax from
3 to 4 per cent, is making a hot fight to pass
the bill and to prevent its reference to the
tax commission.
Owatonna Journal—Whether or not money
was used»pr attempted to be used to Influence
railroad legislation at the present session of
the legislature will probably never be known.
Legislative investigating committees have a
singular facility for not finding out disagree
able things.
Hutchinson Leader—ln a speech in the
house of representatives last Wednesday Mr.
Jacobson showed that the aggregate value of
railroad stock and bonds representing Min
nesota property Is $326,000,000 Applying the
usual standard of assessment, one-third, and
multiplying the quotient by 25 mills, the
average rate other property is compelled to
pay, ho obtained a total of $2,700,000, a mil
lion and a quarter more than the railroads
are now paying. Were they taxed upon a 4
per cent basis the state's income from this
source would be $1,900,000, a sum almost a
million leas than the aggregate would be un
der the system of taxation adopted *vith refer
ence to other property.
Still water Messenger—Mr .lacobson of Lac
qui-Parle county, and Mr. Washburn of Hen
nepin, have raised a hornet's nest in the
house by charging corruption on the part of
the railroads, in defeating the railroad gross
earnings bill. The thoroughly reckless ac
tion so far of members in regard to the Ilurd
oil bill, and other sinecures that should be
abolished, and the people relieved from oner
ous and unnecessary taxes indicate that there
is a corruption fund that is playing a de
moralizing part with the honesty of our legis
Pipestone Star—The smoothness with which
everything had been moving along in the
legislature up to this time has received a rude
interruption in the sensational charges of
corruption which are now being made by
Representative Jacobson and others. A bill
had been introduced to increase the gross
earnings tax on railroads, and an effort had
been made by a certain faction to kill the
bill by referring it to the tax commission.
This purpose was covered up by some plaus
ible arguments, but if the charges now being
made are true, it appears that bribery was
at the root of the whole movement.
Albert Lea Tribune—The proposed law to
compel railroads to pay a gToss earnings tax
of 4 rather than 3 per cent is simply an
effort to have these Riant institutions pay
their share of the taxes of the country, and It
is but just, for the railroads have been pay-
Ing the same rate for many years while in
almost every community taxes have increased
to a greater or le3s degree. The raiiroad3
pay a percentage of what they earn, while
Individuals pay taxes on what they possess
regardless of its earning capacity. The lobby
has been getting in its deadly work upon the
members who are susceptible to that Influ
ence and the constituents of those men
should treat them as Freeborn county treats
Fergus Falls Journal—lt looks now as
though the proposition to increase the gross
earnings tax on railroads would be referred
by the present legislature to the tax com
mission which has been appointed by Gover
nor Van Sant. If this is done it will be
quite i. saving for the roads. When the
gross earnings tax was defeated in the senate
two years ago, Governor Lind figured that
it would save the roads of the state $600,000
a year for four years, or $2,400,000. This may
be rather large but should railroad earnings
continue to increase it may reach this
Wadena Plone&r Journal—The people of the
state of Minnesota, irrespective of political
affiliations, certainly have just cause to sev
erely criticise and censure the majority in
the lower house of the state legislature for
its evident disposition to kill the Jacobson
gross earnings tax upon the railroads for this
session. The action of the house is all the
more despicable when it is taken into con
sideration that two years ago that body passed
this same bill by a large majority, and later
on when it met defeat in the senate and
some of the members of thta body were being
publicly condemned for voting against it,
many of these representatives, who Wednes
day voted to practically kill the bill, curried
favor with their unsophisticated and confiding
constituents by calling attention to the fact
that they voted for the bill. Two years ago
the railroads made no fight in the house, but
confined their '"arguments" to the senate.
This year It has been understood for some
time that the senate would pass the bill
if the house did, so the railroads confined
their "work" to the house.
Fergus Falls Journal—The bill to increase
the gross earnings tax on railroads was de
feated In the house last night by a vote of 64
to 50. Mr. Jacobson of Lac qul Parle and W.
D. Washburn, Jr., of Minneapolis led ' the
fight for the bill while Mr. Laybourn of
Duluth led the fight against it. An attempt
was made to dodge the issue by referring it
to the tax . commission, :, but Jacobson put
the railroad crowd , right on , the "• rack and
demanded that they vote for or against the
bill. Mr. Washburn gave notice that he
would move to reconsider the bill. Lay
bourn ' tried tto '■ give -it i the' finishing ' touches
and bury it then and there, but was not suc
cessful. Jacobson and Washburn openly
charged that the railroads had been cor
rupting * members to vote against the bill
and a committee to inv»»y.«v*>» has been
appointed.' '*,:"- v .."■'.
Anna Held in »i'«i>a'» Wife" at the
French to her finger tips, overflowing with
youth, life end beauty, Anna Held Is every
thing that fancy had painted her. It happens
that this is no light tribute to her charms,
for seldom has a new star In the theatrical
firmament been heralded in terms of such
extravagant praise. At first a saucy ehan
teuse like her country-woman Guilbert, to
whose talents she added the supreme one of
beauty, Miss Held has under the wonderfully
fostering influence of American dollars de
veloped Into a comedienne with a broader
and better charter. Lissome of figure, mobile
of feature, with the elasticity and spirits of
youth and a voice not specially musical but
nevertheless tuned to expi^s* the most dpli
cate shades of meaning, she is well equipped
for this better Held of endeavor. She h/is the
knack, which seems to be every French
woman's heritage, of making the most of her
physical gifts, and as these are opulent
enough, she would win success merely as a
beautiful woman who knows how to choose
her raiment and how to wear it well. The
French have coined the word '"chic" to ex
press the peculiar charm of such a woman
and as there is no English equivalent for tho
word one must borrow it, perforce.
But quite aside from her charm of face
and figure and manner, quite aside too from
her ability to sing a bit of a (bansonette
with a delicate and not offensive suggestlve
uess, Anna Held gives promise of higher
achievements iv the fleia of comedy. This
promise seems to have surprised both critics
and public, and although it is not much more
than a promise in the present vehicle,
"Papa's Wife," one may without danger in
dulge in prophecies of worthier works. The
revelation comes in the supper scene of the
second act, when .the guileless bride, fresh
from the convent, makes the acquaintance of
champagne and, innocently enough, goes
through the various stages of ttpsloess. The
tact and discretion with which Miss Held
handles this trying scene are almost be
yond belief. Certainly, there are very few
women on the stage to-day who could invest
it with such an appearance of innocence or
indicate under these conditions such innate
purity of heart. In fact. Miss Held's imper
sonation of the little convent girl, married
off French fashion to an old roue, is re
markable throughout for this quality of sug
gesting absolute innocence in various situa
tions more or less trying.
One thing that will contribute to the suc
cess of Miss Held's career in America is the
marvelous ease with which she seems to have
acquired English in the comparatively brief
time she has spent here. She speaks, of
course, with an accent, but it is a pretty,
piquant accent that does not interfere with
intelligibility. Her English is better to-day
than either -Rhea or Modjeska was able to
speak after years of study and practice.
'•Papa's Wife" Is a rather weak mixture
of two French vaudeville sketches turned out
by Harry B. Smith, and furnished with some
colorless musical numbers by De Koven and
others. But it furnishes, after all, a very
satisfactory medium for Miss Held and the
unusually good support which has been given
her. Charles A. Bigelow is the chief laugh
maker and he is one of the best in the busi
ness. He impersonates a lank and facile
music teacher at the convent, whose progress
through the skit is beset with tribulations
that try but cannot break his spirit. This
is an original creation, unlike anything ever
seen before. In spite of the hurricanes of
laughter with which the trusting, sorely
tried but always cheerful professor Is greeted,
Mr. Bigelow manages to convey an impression
of truth in his characterization. There is less
of exaggeration, less of caricature in the
picture, eccentric though It is, than might
be expected. The scene where the elephantine I
Rosalie faints on his hands is, of course,
somewhat overdrawn, but it is wildly, deliri
ously funny—so funny that the house is left
at its conclusion gasping helplessly for
breath. The color is laid on broadly enough
here, but there are delicate touches all
through that proclaim Mr. Bigelow a master
in low comedy. George Marion is admir
able as the French major whose lot in life
it Is to be deceived by a succession of gay
charmers. He has the military way of speech
and action and makes an excellent foil for
Miss Held in the supper scene. Max Figman
plays the two roles of father and son ac
ceptably and Dan Collyer as the black valet
does well with a rather barren role.
The chorus is collectively and individually
good to look at. It also betrays a commend
able disposition to share in the action when
occasion arises and never fails to be pretty
and girlish. Moreover, it is arrayed in vari
ant samples of purple and fine linen at vari
ous times. The production as a whole is
munificently and tastefully staged. The pict
ure presented in each of the three acts is
strikingly effective. _w B C
"Lout in the Desert" at the Bijou.
"From Greenland's Icy Mountains to In
dia's Coral Strand" is a far stretch of coun
try, and yet scarce farther than the route
traversed by a party of Americans who are
wrecked on the coast of Arabia in "Lost in
the Desert." the Bijou offering this week
The wreck Is caused by the consuming desire
of the villain to posses the true-hearted girl
who loves the good-looking young man Vho
is wrongly accused of having stolen the
bank's funds.
The first act takes place on board ship and
barring some redundancy of speech, is a
good piece of -dramatic construction.' The
plot is clearly outlined and the marshalling
of incidents leading up to the burning of the
ship is accomplished so cleverly that the
exciting climax is invested with "real splen
dor and terror.
The scenes In Arabia, although broken and
picturesque, crowd upon each other so fast
that legitimate excuses for the extraordinary
carryings on of the dramatis personae are
not furnished. The result is that there is a
good deal of sound and fury signifying noth
ing but a frenzied desire to "make a killing,"
as it were. Thrilling scenes, tremendous cli
maxes, amazing disclosures follow- with the
regularity of waves. In one most exciting
scene, the heroine is bound to a wild horse
in true Mazeppa fashion, and the terrified
steed is given a free rein across the track
less desert. At least that is the way it ap
pears. This effect is produced by the old
device used in the "County Fair" and other
race-borse plays, which shows a live horse
galloping like mad on a rotary machine be
fore a moving panorama to suggest the idea
of rapid movement. A friendly Arab pur
sues and captures the wild horse and saves
the young woman "all right."
The stage pictures showing life In Arabia
are interesting and of great educational value.
The eye takes in at a glance what dozens of
pages of historical writing could not impart
half so well, and in this respect "Lost in the
Desert" is highly meritorious.
The star feature of the play Is the big
group of acrobats and gymnasts, consisting or
eight men and two boys. Their feats of
strength and skill are wonderful and are
everywhere received with great enthusiasm.
No apparatus is used, as all of their acts are
confined to pyramid work and acrobatic jug
gling with each other.
The company includes Helen Aubuery, a
capable actress; Edwin Walters as the hero,
end Orlin Kyle as Duncan Howard, the four
ply villain. The comedy bits supplied by
Albert C. Davis and Iza Breyer are good in
themselves but do not facilitate the action.to
any appreciable extent. Two or three "play
ers" would never be missed from the crist.
The production is a big one and there are
few dull moments in It. —W. A. D.
Foyer Chat.
"The Dairy Farm," which begins a week's
engagement at the Metropolitan next Sunday,
is a play which appeals to the non-theater
goer in very much the same manner as the
"Old Homestead" and "The Little Minister,"
while having a strong hold on the regular
theater patrons. The play will be presented
here with the same scenic surroundings and
the same competent cast as when seen here
last September. The sale of seats begins
Thursday morning.
The coining week at the Bijou Alberta Gal
latin, supported by her own company, will
appear as Nell Gwynne. Miss OallaUn
is not only a charming and pretty woman and
an accomplished actress, but an ideal Nell
Gwynne. She has appeared in support of
Richard Mansfleld, T. W. Keene, Mrs. Piske,
Henry Miller and Joseph Jefferson. She is
eminently fitted to give a finished grace anJ
charm to saucy -Nell Gwynne, a work of
originality, replete with wit, pathos and ro
mantic situations. The production is said to
be sumptuous, correct and seenically com
plete, and is staged under the immediate
supervision of Miss Qallatln.
Copyright, 1901, by T. C. McClure.
Out on the wide veranda of Washington
Manor an Italian orchestra was playing a
Hungarian air. Within the great, white-pil
lared house on the heights the annual recep
tion of the Daughters of the Perpetual Evo
lution was being held in strict accordance
with the traditions of an impressive and pa
triotic order. Fifty youths in buff and blue
uniforms were hastening about over the white
lawn with no apparent object other than to
show their powdered hair la the dear light
of day. On the steps were standing some of
the Washington Guards, all unconscious of
the fact that their uniforms were modeled
after the garb of British officers iv the reigu
of George the Third.
Taken all in all, it was a day of triumph
for Mrs. James Henry Melton. She had al
ways longed for ancestors, and now that she
had established the fact that she had a revolu
tionary one, her cup of joy was filled to
overflowing. The house in which she lived
had belonged to an old American family
which had long ago lapsed into hopeless
The way of Mrs. Melton to preferment as
the descendant of revolutionary stock had
been the road of the rough. She had at first
applied to the Daughters of the Real Con
volution, who required that ail candidates
for admission must be descended in the male
line from an officer who fought in. the war
for American independence.
"Shall 1 send in my family record?" she
asked of the secretary of the order.
■#lt will not be necessary," was the reply.
"We have your name and it will be so easy
to flnd out all about you, my dear Mrs.
Mrs. Melton was overcome with vexation a
week later, when she recived notification from
the grand secretary that her application
could not be granted for the reason that her
ancestor, Colonel Bainbridge Tarlton, had
been so unfortunate as to have commanded a
regiment of Hessians.
Of this disappointment the Daughters of the
Perpetual Evolution had been founded,
and Mrs. James Henry Melton became the
first regent of a new chapter. Ancestors
from the feminine side of the house were
accepted. She had purchased the old house
on the outskirts of the metropolis, for it was
said that General George Washington had
once used it as his headquarters, it was far
from a comfortable dwelling-house at the beat,
and Mrs. Melton frowned upon modern im
provements. The rooms were gradually filled
with strange wares from antique shops, and
the building was dedicated as a perpetual
siirine to the Father of his Country. There
was an oak out on the lawn which a young
French officer had planted. There was also
a stately elm supposed to have been placed
there in its Infancy by the hands of the great
liberator himself. The house became the
headquarters of the Daughters of the Per
petual Evolution, and now there was talk of
selecting Mrs. Melton as the grand regent of
the order in the United States. The organ
ization had grown and Mrs. Melton was en
gaged in making persistent avowals of her
unworthiness to be the head of such a dis
tinguished body. The reception which she
was giving on the day preceding the annual
election was seized upon by some of Mrs.
Melton's freiends as an opportunity to in
crease her capital as a candidate.
Under such circumstances, and with her
mind upon such large ambitions, it was ex
ceedingly distasteful to her that young John
Dunstan should persist in his attentions to
her daughter. Isabel Melton had ideas of her
own, and she had on several occasions ex
pressed unsympathetic opinions of the Daugh
ters of the Perpetual Evolution. She had not
even asked for admission to the local chap
ter. Such heresy as this Mrs. Melton could
attribute only to the influence of young Mr.
Dunstan. He made washing soda which he
called by a patriotic name. The title was
emblazoned on the fences along many miles
of railroad. To Mrs. Melton it seemed re
markable that a daughter of hers should look
with favor on anybody who was not of the
purest revolutionary strain. There was Rich
ard Waldover Perkins, for instance, who
fulfilled every condition of eligibility. He
was the direct descendant of one who rad
"followed the fortunes of the Continental
army." He was rich and his mother was
actually thinking of furnishing the funds for
the casting of bronze tablets which the
Daughters might place on certain public
buildings in the metropolis.
"If you only had some war-like forbears,"
said Isabel Melton to Dunstan that after
noon as they sat beneath the historic oak
"1 think that we might easily overcome tha
maternal objections."
'Mine did not begin fighting until the
Mexican and civil wars," replied Dunstan.
"They became generals and colonels, but,
after all, that does not count for much.
Strange that the new name for the wash
ing soda did not soften her any."
From the house there issued a babel of
voices. Apparently many expressions of won
der, mingled with the general uproar. Relays
of daughters hurried from the lawn to the
great front door. Richard Waldover Perkins,
In resplendent uniform, hurried down the
cinder walk.
"You really must come in," he said. "It
is the most interesting thing you ever saw.
Mr. Melton says he will not examine them
until you come. The papers, you know. A
secret cupboard has been found near the old
Around the fireplace the Daughters of the
Perpetual Evolution had foregathered. The
air was filled with exclamations. Iv the
center of the group was James H^nry Mel
ton, the husband of the prospective regent, a
■white whiskered, benevolent person, was
■waiting to read a page of yellowed paper.
"This house being now completed," he
read, "I, Ebenezer Huntington, wish to say
in this year of grace, 1800, that it was built
after the independence of our country had
been achieved, and at no time did it serve
as a headquarters for General George Wash
ington. Only a few years have passed, yet
there are several hundreds such places, and
Mrs. Melton rushed forward, too late to
atop her husband. Had he known the con
tents of that paper and the consequences
which it bore b.9 could not have acted with
such remarkable lack of diplomacy.
He heard later the views of a tearful woman
who sat in a room strewn with torn and
aged papers and still festooned with the
decorations of the most disastrous reception
in all her days. A certain Mr. Perkins who
had found the secret spring by accident,
had just taken a hasty and apologetic leave
and under the oak Isabel Melton and John
Dunstan sat looking hopefully at the sky
of early spring.
Increase of Population.
To the Editor of The Journal:
What is the average yearly natural in
crease, that is, outside of immigration of
population in the United States? What was
the natural increase from 1890 to 1900*— In
Census bureau officials say that no accurate
computation of the natural increase in popu
lation outside of immigration has ever been
made. The returns for 1900 will show it,
but they will not be compiled for some
April Smart Set.
The Care of Infanta.
"She makes herself the slave of her baby "
"Yes; she won't permit anybody else to
weigh him, and the result is that she can't
be away from home more than two hours at
a time."
Thought It Probable.
Miss Withers—He asked me to marry him
last night.
The* Friend—And did you?i
Necessary Apology.
. He—Newly wed is always ' talking about his
•wife's money. " •■ "'
| She—That's very . strange.
'*i "Not so very. You just ought to see her."
.Ideal Enough for Earth.
Miss Bridesoon—What Is your Idea of tie
Ideal | lover?
Miss Yellowleaf—The one who marries.
When the Dreamer* Wake,
; Cora—Was their marriage a surprise?
' Lena— No; but everybody thinks It will be.
""•irTTiBM i iJrTmrmTHinmTii.nHiciiini m ■- - , .. , i
(Copyright, 1901. by Victor F. Lawson.)
Series under the supervision of Professor
Jo'nn H. Finley of Princeton university.
By Robert de Caix, Foreign Editor of the
Journal dcs Debats.
A look at the map will show that the French
republic has acquired a veritable empire.
Her flag now floats over more than £500,000
square miles and 50,000,000 natives of all
jr ■'-■ /**+ - mmo^ - - S £ *'"*^
colors. All this territorial progress was ac
complished within a score of years. When
the third republic took charge of the destinies
of France that country had but one large
colony—Algeria. In more distant regions she
possessed only a few microscopic remnants
of the vast colonial domain of the old
monarchy; a few islands in the West Indies,
Guiana, settlements without hinterland on
the African coast and five miserable pieces
of inclosed land in British India, the only
remains of the great work of Dupleix. To
this colonial dust the monarchy had added
New Caledonia and the second empire Cochin-
Chlna. Such had betn, aside from the con
quest of Algeria, the only addition to France's
colonial domain during the first three-quar
ters of the nineteenth century, while she had
been a prey incessantly to the paralyzing
struggles of hostile doctrines, makers and
unmakerß of constitutions.
Suddenly, toward 1880, France came out of
her torpor. About that time all Europe, in
deed, arrived at a historic turning point.
Italy and Germany had become something
more than mere geographical terms. The
nations were united into greajt, solid masses
that offered no longer the same opportunities
for war, since they had become so much
more terrible than in the past. Then all the
peoples of Europe, having recovered from
the struggles that gave rise to this last con
centration of the great nations, thrown back
upon the world beyond the sta by the formid
able might of their neighbors, turned to the
work of colonization in which England until
then had been supreme.
Extending Colonial Possessions.
France reached out into Asia and took an
active part in the apportionment of Africa.
She took possession of the eastern half of
Indo-China, and secured Madagascar, which
she conquered a little later. Algeria, enlarged
by Tunis, began to extend across the desert
toward the south, while Senegal, the small
colonies of the coast of Guinea and the
French Congo, became real territories and
stretched toward the center of the continent,
bo that they all at last met on the banks
of Lake Tchad. This Joining of all the Afri
can possessions of France into a single em
pire became a concrete reality on the day
when three columns, one from Algeria, a sec
ond from Senegal and a third from Congo
united south of Lake Tchad and crushed aud
killed Rabah, the last great slave-holding
chief, who had continued to lay waste the
interior of the African continent.
Such an expansion could not fail to have
an important influence upon the people con
cerned in it. In the opinion of all the young
er generation the real adversary of France
is no longer the nation which took two prov
inces from us thirty years ago, but rather the
one we have met for twenty years on every
road that leads ua toward colonial empire.
Certainly no Frenchman yet renounces the
hope of regaining Alsace-Lorraine, but at the
bottom of their hearts Frenchmen expect It
no longer from a war against Germany, which
■was considered only a few years ago a
necessity to be accepted almost gladly; now
they hope for it mainly through the advent
of a sort of European millennium. To-day
the French must expect eventful clouds of
war rather from the northwesc than from the
Coiit of Colonial Armies.
Under such conditions it seems that the
uppermost care of France would be the de
fense and domination of her colonial empire.
One's first care generally is to keep what one
has acquired. Frence has amply provided
In that direction. In fact, 139.775 French
soldiers are maintained in the colonies, or 22
per cent of the total army, at a total annual
cost of J38.000.0000 The colonial army is
particularly burdensome, requiring twice tha
list of officers actively employed normally,
for the periodical sojourn of those officers
In Europe for the sake of health, including
both voyages, takes up as much time a 8
their stay in the colonies.
The size of the army and of the budget
shows with what weight the colonies press
upon France, and alao to what degree the
country has become enamored of a colonial
policy that lays such burdens upon it. Some
even go so far as to say that it compromises
our security In .Europe, and it is certain
that the distribution of guch an Important
share of the French military forces in various
parts of the globe would render us weaker in
the presence of a continental storm.
To Defend the Colonlep.
The colonial forces ne«d a further word of
explanation. They do not serve merely for
the purpose of maintaining order among the
natives. They are augmented because of the
fear of a possible invasion from without. Our
colonial troops constitute much less an army
of dominion than one of defense. It would,
in truth, be a serious mistake to believe that
the conquest of the French colonial empire
has given rise everywhere to struggles with
the natives. The history of the warfare in
Algeria must not create a wrong impression
in that respect. It was only through a num
ber of mistakes in Mussulman politics, whioh
even an extraordinary display of military
heroism could not correct, that the conquest
of Algeria has extended over more than
twenty years and has often put In movement
more than 100,000 soldiers all at once.
Besides thoae to Algeria, France has or
ganized but three heavy military expeditions
—that of Tonquin, where we employed 25,000
men: that of Madagascar, which required
16,000, and, finally, that of Dahomey, of much
more modest proportions. As to Tunis,
France sent many troops there, but It was
much, less a question of crushing the natives,
the majority of whom did not even make v
attempt to resist, than of making an im
posing political demonstration. As an offset
to these military movements, there are colo
nies whose conquest did not put any soldiers
In motion. The Immense region of the Con
go has been gradually occupied by the prog
ress of civil administrators, who advanced ad
diplomatists la 'he midst of tribes without
cohesion and who but very rarely had to fall
back upon the services of the mere police
escorts that accompanied them. In the west
ern Sudan, on the contrary, the French have
warred incessantly, but the conquest was
achieved very slowly, employing scarcely any
more forces than those normally attached to
that dependency. To-day the French posts,
which stretch on one side from Senegal to
Lake Tchad, and on the other from Lake
Tchad to the Congo, are held by fewer than
10,000 men.
Complications at Fa»hoda.
It Is, therefore, not the mass of natives,
but rather the possibility of outside danger,
that compels us to maintain in the colonies
such large forces. To tell the truth, France
had been conducting her colonial policy fop
more than fifteen years without considering
the possibility of a foreign war. The French
republic had conquered finally a vast empira
without providing an instrument for its de
Suddenly the difficulty at Fashoda arose.
It found France with colonies insufficiently
guarded, facing the danger of beholding the
sea occupied by a much more powerful navy
than that of France, which might make it
impossible to send help to the colonial forces
hastily. Therefore reinforcements were dis
patched to all the colonies, hardly any of
which have been recalled so far. It caj?,
therefore, be said that, at the present time,
the troops of the French colonies are on a
war footing. They have been Increased so
as to be able to hold back an aggressor-
even were he wholly master of the sea—long
enough to discourage an attack.
Bui it is apparent that the present state of
affairs cannot last, and already the govern
ment is at work putting order Into the situa
tion created by the Fashoda incident. In the
very beginning the French government un
derstood that there could be no great colo
nial politics without a navy. The difficul
ties of Great Britain's war with the Boers
show what the troubles would be if even the
greatest naval power were to attempt an at
tack upon the colonies of a nation prepared
to disturb her military transports. There
has been adopted in France a naval program
carrying $140,000,000 for vessels and naval sta
tions from 1901 to 1907, without counting tha
$60,000,000 which we devote regularly each
year to the navy.
Moreover, an effort is in progress to adopt
a positive military method for the defense of
the colonies. The creation of a special co
lonial army has just been voted.
Organizing a Colonial Army.
The colonial army will be composed of
3,299 artillerymen in the colonies and about
the same number in France, 28,18(5 soldiers
of -colonial infantry and 24,968 native sharp
shooters, half of whom are to be drawn from
Indo-China, the other half from Africa. All
these troops have a proportionate number of
officers, ensigns and special corps. Of the
25,166 soldiers of colonial infantry, 1G.373 will
be in garrison In France and will form, with
that part of the colonial artillery also so
journing in Europe, an army corps capable of
participating in the defense of the metropolis.
It is probable that, instead of endeavoring
to increase the number of permanent troops
stationed in the colonies, reserves will be
organized there that can be mobilized at
first call. In Reunion, Guadeloupe and Mar
tinique, this is already being done, and In
each of these islands 6,000 men could be
called together in case of war.
In more extended possessions the same sya
tem will be applied on a much larger scale,
and already the desire is clear to look no
ionger upon the colonies merely from the
viewpoint of military defense, but rather to
find in them elements of strength for France.
Such elements have been revealed already in
Algeria. In 1870-1 the Algerian troops played
an Important part in the war with Germany.
Soldier* From Algeria.
The garrison of Algeria never has been dis
tinguished from the army of the republic,
whose nineteenth corps it forms. The rule
has been established that the recruits from
Algeria shall perform their military service
hereafter In the capital of France. Every
year 5,000 of these young men are thus
brought to Paris. Besides, the military or
ganization of the Arabian population, which
Is now completely subjected, is more and
more available every year, and in case of
war, Algeria and Tunis would put into the
Held at least 120,000 soldiers for France.
There la already a question of military
utilization of western Africa. But it goes
without saying that the tax-burdened French
men—approximately 100 francs (S2O) a head,
merely for state taxes—cannot be expected to
provide all the expenses of such an enter
prise. The colonies will have to provide
partly for this themselves. This lead* us to
examining the development of industry In
the French colonies in another paper.
Paris, France.
■Note—' de \ Calx's article on "The Colo
nies of France—Their Trade : and; Govern
ment," will be; published next Tuesday,
. ..' ; . Good That Protttetb.
As long ;as our civilization is essentially
one of property, of force, of exclusiveness,.
it will be ■ mocked dv delusion*. • Our riches
.•will leave us : sick; :;there will be bitterness
<n our laughter: and our wine will burn
cur mouth. Only that sood profits which. wo
can taste C with all doors • open ; and whlca T
serves all men.

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