Newspaper Page Text
THE JOURNAL LUCIAN SWIFT, I J. S. McLAIN, MANAGER. EDITOR. THE JOURNAL U published ever}* evening, except Sunday, at 47— Fourth Street South, Journal Building', Minneapolis, Minn. C. J. Billaion, Manager Foreign Adver tising Department. NEW YORK OFFICE—B6, 87, 88 Tribune building. - CHICAGO OFFICE—3O7, 308 Stock Ex change building. SUBSCRIPTION TERMS Payable to The Journal Printing, Co. Delivered by Mail. One copy, one month $0.35 One copy, three months 1.00 One copy, six months 2.00 One copy, one year 4.00 Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.50 Delivered by Carrier. One copy, one week Scents One copy, one month 35 cents Single copy 2 cents Making History The controversy in the house over the railroad gross earnings tax bill has de veloped a good deal of personal feeling. Contests of that kind are apt to create personal resentments and excite antago nisms which sometime*; blind the partici pants to a dear aud correct view of the cousiderations before them. Some mem bers of the house are reported to have said that they would like to support the bill but they did not quite enjoy the tac iifs of the advocates of the measure. This may be quite natural, and yet every member of the house is bound to concede that his vote should be governed by higher considerations, and when the thing i« all over he will be better satisfied with himself if he has cast his vote in accord ance with the wishes of his constituents ami ihe dictates of his own conscience and judgment than if he allows himself to be swayed by feelings of personal ani mosity. Such considerations always look larger at the time they arise than they do afterwards. As a matter of fact, the members are making history for them selves and their party in this gross earn ings bill, and they owe it to themselves to let their action be determined by the highest considerations. There is a proposition before the legis lature to raise the salary of the fire war den from $1,200 to $1,800. We hope it will pass. The office is a very important one to this state. It has been most ad mirably filled by General Andrews, who has given to the duties of the office in telligent and faithful attention. The re sults are important and the labor re quired out of all proportion to the com pensation which he has received. Fur thermore, ihe office is one of dignity and importance—no mere clerkship—but in volves intelligent and enthusiastic work and requires the entire time of the ex cellent gentleman and faithful servant who has done so much to arouse public sentiment in this state to the great im portance of protection against destruc tion of forests by fire and the develop ment of sentiment among the people gen erally on the subject of forest care and forest growth. This proposed increase is only a fair recognition of services already rendered, and of the ability and disposi tion to continue this work on the same intelligent and profitable lines. The Same Principle One of the questions to be decided by the courts when the gross earnings bill becomes a law, and the question of its validity comes to be tested, will be the power of the legislature to change a rate of taxation on the gross earnings of rail roads which was agreed to as early as the territorial existence of Minnesota, and has been acquiesced in and in effect confirmed by subsequent legislatures up to the pres ent time. It is a generally accepted legal propo sition, we understand, that one generation cannot bind another by public contract, the terms of which are inimical to public policy and the general good. It has even been contended that one legislature can not bind its successor, or one city council Its successor, when it can be shown that the obligation sought to be imposed is un reasonable and inimical to the public good. In other words, contracts binding the public the courts will assume must be reasonable and fair, otherwise the repre sentatives chosen at one time and making such contracts cannot bind representatives subsequently selected and compel their aequiesence in the obligations assumed by their predecessors. Three cases decided by the supreme court last Monday relate to contracts with water companies in the towns of Roger's Park, Freeport and Danville, Illinois. It appears that these towns made contracts -with water companies and fixed rates cov ering a period of thirty years. City coun cils elected at a later period passed or dinances reducing the water rates. The companies resisted the reduction in the courts. The matter was fought through the lower courts, the supreme court of the state, and on to the supreme court of the United States, the courts in every instance holding in favor of the councils and against the companies. There is no purpose here to go into a legal discussion of the various considera tions entering into the case. It is suffi cient to say that in general terms the principle involved is substantially that which would come before our courts if th« railroad gross earnings tax bill becomes a law- and the railroads resist the proposed increase. The supreme court of Illinois held that "power is possessed by the state to pre vent extortion by quasi-public corpora tions, and to restrict them to the. ex action of reasonable rates and charges. * • * * a rate or a price reasonable and just when fixed may in the future become so unreasonable that the exaction of such a rate or price is but an extortion. • * * * * * Whenever the evil of extortion exists the power of eradicating it may be successfully in voked. * • • * The suggestions (of the companies) omit from consideration the controlling fact that quasi-public cor porations ere created by the state for the good of the public, to serve the public, and that they accept corporate life subject to the power retained by their creator to regulate and control them for the public good." The United States supreme court de clares, in a word, in confirmation of this position, that an ordinance passed by town anil city authorities, granting to water companies the right to lay pipes and sell the commodity for a term of years,andalso fixing the rates to be charged, is not in the nature of an unchangeable contract, but that an unreasonable rate may be re duced to a fair price at any time by the public authorities. The company's rem edy, if the new scale of rates is deemed unreasonably low and unjust, is to appeal to the courts aud have the action of the city council reviewed. This states the principle which we un derstand is involved in this proposed in crease in the railroad gross earnings tax in this state. While the rate of taxation agreed upon in the first instance may or may not have been reasonable, the point at issue, and the question to be deter mined through the passage of this law, is whether it is still reasonable and fair. The principle at stake is in effect the same that has been enunciated by the suprem* court of the United States in this decision. Xor is it altogether a new principle, but has been clearly indicated in numerous decistons of the courts. This fact is, of course, well understood by the able at torneys of the railroad companies, at least their intense activity against the bill sug gests such a feeling of apprehension that if it is passed and the rate increased the power to increase it reasonably will be sustained by the courts. This ought to a further indication to the members of the legislature as to their duty in the matter, and leave no hesitation on their part to support the bill and se cure to their constituents and the state at large the benefits for which they have long coute>nded. Aguinaldo Bagged It is suspiciously near the suggestive first of April, but the latest announce ment -of the capture of Don Emilio Aguin aldo by General Funston comes with such an atmosphere of verity about it that there is no reasonable ground upon which to doubt the truth of the report. This event certainly will have no little effect in de termining the duration of the guerrilla warfare in the Philippine archipelago. With Don Emilio In conference with the members of the Taft commission and com prehending the very great decline of his ability to keep his friends up to the fight ing point and to play the dictator over di minishing guerrilla bands, there is strong probability that he will be brought to see the absurdity of hanging to the flimsy illusion that, through the support of the democratic party in this country, together with the Atkinsonian so-called anti-im perialist contingent, he may yet be exalt ed as dictator in Luzon. Don Emilio, in captivity, will not be an inspiring spec tacle to the Tagalogs who have been de ceived by him and have suffered from the looting and rapine of his guerrillas now afield. In 1599 they were taught by him that he was about to drive the Americans into the and that in 1900 the election of Bryan would insure the disappearance of our flag and the establishment of Aguinaldo's government. There has been great dis illusioning in the native mind in the Phil ippines. As the disintegrated army of Aguinaldo has "caught on" to the truth, they have been coming in and surrender ing and accepting the situation by thou sands, notably since the Taft commission has been doing its work of introducing civil government and schools as territory is acquired from the disorders of guerrilla warfare. Our government is likely to deal more leniently with Aguinaldo than he deserves. He, however, is really not so deserving of blame as the Americans who have for two years past done everything they could to keep him afield with his army fighting the United States. The home insurgents have fooled the rebel leader with the falsest of promises and made him believe that the vast majority of this nation was in close sympathy with him. These pernicious home conspirators deserve punishment more than does Aguinaldo. He has done his own people great injury and he may now realize the duty of mak ing reparation by aiding our government in its good work of restoring peace and business, and giving protection to life and property and free institutions in the islands. Indeed, after some study of in ternational law, Aguinaldo may be led to adm-it that our title to the Philippines is perfectly valid and is not a question of fact, and that he himself traded away the last vestige of his own shadowy claim to the islands to Spain for the consideration of $400,000 cash. The advocates of the gross earnings bill won a decided victory in the house yes terday when they succeeded *in taking the bill from the table, although by a margin of only one vote, and then by an almost unanimous vote made it a special order for to-morrow morning. The bill is now before the house on its merits, where it belongs. The opposition spared no pains to prevent this result, but the sentiment of the state has been too strong on the matter, and members who were honestly in doubt at first have come to realize that the public interest demands and the political exigencies require that this republican legislature shall not smother a proposition of so much im portance, but shall give it a fair hearing and straight vote. The Cedar Rapids Road The efforts of the business men and the city council, led by the Commercial Club, to induce the Burlington, Cedar Rapids & Northern Railway, to give the shippers of this city suitable facilities for handling business, and to make Minneapolis the principal northern terminus, are commend able in every respeot, and certainly de serve the serious consideration of that corporation. The resolutions adopted by the council yesterday and printed in yesterday"s Journal, state the case admirably. It is rather difficult to discuss the proposi tion on its merits without seeming to make or to imply threats of unpleasant conse quences if the Cedar Rapids road does not make Minneapolis its direct and principal terminal at the twin cities. We do not understand that anything of the kind is in tended. It is not necesasry. Minneapolis, however, can get along without this road much better than the road can get along without Minneapolis. A statement of this kind may be regarded as threatening, but it is only the declaration of a fact, and in view of this fact it need not surprise the Cedar Rapids railroad people if they should discover at least a strong indifference to the existence of their road on the part of this community if they fail to provide for Minneapolis shippers the facilities which it has been shown can be and should be provided. The matter, however, it is believed and hoped, can be adjusted on terms of mutual good will and profit. It has been shown that the road can obtain splendid terminals at a very moderate expense, and when the management of the company understands, as they will be given to understand, just how the business men of this city feel about the matter, the probabilities are that they will be disposed to consider these reasonable THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL. demands and be willing to comply with them. It would certainly seem to be the reasonable view to take. A new road coming into a territory already well oc cupied, so far as terminal business is con cerned, cannot fail to appreciate the ad vantage of entering on terms of good will and of meeting with a cordial reception on the part of the business men. And as for the building of this new line— nobody will seriously contend that it is coming up here just for the business it can get at St. Paul. The bulk of the business it wants and hopes to get is at Minneapolis, as everybody knows. The state press continues to voice the sentiment of the people from the different sections of the state on the gross earnings bill and almost without exception—and these exceptions can generally be ac counted for—the papers favor the bill. The members do not lack for suggestions as to what the people want. A Good Showing or None at All The commission appointed to represent this state in the pan-American exposition have returned from an examination of the prospects at Buffalo and urge upon the leg islature the increase of the appropriation from $20,000 to $50,000. The commission is composed of men whose judgment is en titled to respectful consideration, and in whose honesty of purpose The Jour n a 1 can entertain no doubt. These men have studied the situation, have a knowl edge of what the exposition is likely to be, what the opportunities are for the profit able display of the resources of the state, and also how much 'would be required to make a creditable showing there in com parison with other states. They ask more than double the amount the legislature originally appropriated, and yet, if that is their judgment, the legis lature is bound to listen to it with re spect and meet the request from the standpoint of the ability of the state to furnish the money asked for. As a general proposition we are in clined to the view that an effort of this kind would better be well done or not at tempted at all. Not that we are to set out to spend more money than anybody else, but that we cannot afford to make an ex hibition at all unless it is creditable to our state. Minnesota, in variety and richness of resources, is not behind any state in the union. If a display is to be made at Buf falo at all we ought to show that fact to the world. Fair and Liberal Treatment in Order The city council is asked to make cer tain concessions to the Wisconsin Central railroad in the matter of street vacations which are indispensable, in,part at least, to the carrying out of the plan of improve ments contemplated by that company in this city. It is to be hoped that the city council will view the proposition in a liberal spirit and aid the railroad company in every rea sonable and proper way. The improve ments they contemplate are important and are in the line of furnishing to the busi ness men just those advantages and facili ties which they are demanding of the Bur lington, Cedar Rapids & Northern, but they cannot be provided unless the coun cil is disposed to treat with reasonable fairness the request made for the aban donment of certain stub ends of streets, the use of parts of which, at least, will be of no value to anybody now that the rail road has acquired the abutting property. No doubt there are private interests to be protected, and these should be guarded with proper care, but private interest is not so important as the public advantage, and after having been reasonably com pensated must yield to "the greatest good for the greatest number." The Red Wing Republican tells of an old book in that town in the following language: An object of more than common interest, one which would arouse in a bibliophile a covetousness bordering on a desire to break the seventh commandment, is an illuminated Bible printed in Nuremberg, Germany, over three centuries and a half ago, and now the property of one of our citizens. Just why the book should have such a sur prising effect the Republican does not state. The mountains are now full of snow, and the prairies are soaked with water. The opening of the crop year could not be more auspicious. Unless our old friend the hopper drops in, look out for wheat. When the trump of fame gets hold of the four great Russians, Kouropatkin, Mouravieff, Sipiagnine and Pobodonostzeff, it will be in danger of throwing a shoe. The treasury now contains about $500,000,000 in gold and $480,000,000 in silver, the largest treasure ever accumulated anywhere in the world at one time. Uncle is thrifty. An Illinois genius stole a freight train. Shucks! If he had been a real enough genius he would have had the road and several competing linea. A high-class "Uncle Tom's Cabin" with Wilton Lackaye doing the Uncletomming is making money in New York. General Kitchener regrets to report that he sent out a squad of dentists with forceps "to draw De Wet's fire." Tennessee%s state librarian is a pretty wo man, and the lawmakers have suddenly be come bibliophiles. Mr. Bryan is attacking Uncle Cleveland. The old man has been fishing so much that he is fly-proof. AMUSEMENTS Foyer Chat. There will be four more opportunities to see Anna Held and her company in "Papa's Wife" at the Metropolitan. Although the ad vance sales have been large, good seats can still be secured. The patrons of the Metropolitan will wel come the announcement of a return next Sun day for a week's engagement of "The Dairy Farm,' with the same company and all of th° scenery and mechanical effects which made it so popular on its visit earlier in the sea son. "The Dairy Farm" is quaint, homelike and rustic. Two large audiences witnessed "Lost in the Desert" at the Bijou yesterday. This melo drama is one of the best seen here in some time. One of the realistic features Is the race for lire, in which two horses are seen gallop ing at full speed. On the back of one Is lashed the hero, who is finally rescued by a friendly Arab, The company is an entirely capable one and includes a troupe of Bedouin Arabs, whose acrobatic specialty is one of the best features of its kind ever seen here Alberta Gallatin. who will appear at the Bijou the coming week in "Nell Gwynne " la bringing one of the theatrical successes of the season. It is now being played at two differ ent theaters in London, where it has been running over six months. It was played in New York for over four months, and there are three prominent women stars playing ver sions of it in this country. The version pre sented by Miss GaHatln Is said to be bright witty and historically one of the most consis tent of them all. The company is said to be a most capable one, the costumes gorgeous and the whole production one of merit. New York Daily Letter. BUREAU OP THE JOURNAL, No. 21 Park Row. A Rent of f20,000. March 28.—Still another magnificent hotel is to go up on Fifth avenue, and John W. Gates, he of American Steel and Wire fame, is to build It. Mr. Gates has become more and more interested In New York and New Yorkers during recent years, and it looks as though he was about to settle with us for good, adding to the already large colony of western millionaires residing here. His latest plans contemplate the erection of an eighteen story apartment hotel on the southeast cor ner of Fifty-second street and Fifth avenue. The corner, with 125 feet fronting on the avenue and 300 feet on the side street, has just been purchased by a syndicate headed by Mr. Gates. Sketches for the proposed building have been prepared and a choice will soon be made. The new structure will harmonize in design with the new Union dub, which will be its next door neighbor. It is stated that the new hotel, without the land, will cost $2,000,000 and will be the handsomest of its kind in America. It will be made up mainly of suites of three rooms and a bath, for which rentals of from $3 000 to $20,000 a year will be charged. Millions In Dock*. Should plans made by a syndicate headed by Edward F. Cragiu go through, the largest <lry dock In the world will be built on the Jersey flats. The proposition is to construct an island on these flats between Bedloe's and Ellis Islands in New York harbor, and tc put the dry dock on this Island. The Cragiu syndicate has Just appeared before the New York harbor board in advocacy of the proposition, but is being bitterly op posed. The Pennsylvania railroad heads the opposing interests, as the railroad itself is anticipating improvements amounting to from $6,000,000 to $8,000,000 iv the same locality. Wonderful HUtorical 'Now that the New York Historical Society has dropped the project of amalgamating with the New York public library, it is seek ing a new uptown home for its own use. Had the affiliation with the library been ac complished, the Lenox library building would have become the home of the Historical So ciety. Such strong opposition was shown among the members to this plan that it was decided to drop it altogether and build a new structure on the splendid site which the so ciety already owns In Central Park West In accordance with this, a special committee has been authorized to secure further sub scriptions for the proposed structure. Every person appreciating the rich historical in terest of New York will wish the best suc cess to the labors of this committee. In an other three years the society will complete one hundred years of existence. The quar ters have long since been outgrown by the bringing together of various collections of books, portraits and relics. Few people in New York realize how rare and how large these collections have become. There is not another historical society in the United States which can boast their equal in size interest or rarity. Helping? Out the Drng Man. One of the latest things in the fidelity and casualty line is to insure druggists agAist what is called the "wrong prescription man. ' There are several companies in town which for from $15 to $25 a year, guarantee chem ists against damages arising from mistakes in compounding drugs. One of the most successful of these companies already has over a thousand druggists on its list of sub scribers. The idea of insuring druggists against loss from their own mistakes origi nated in the belief of a number of pharma cists that they were the victims of a gang of rogues, who made a practice of pretend ing that wrong medicines had been given to some member of their families, with more or less serious results. Officers of the fidel ity and casualty companies declare that there was such a gang and that its operations w-=>r."> broken up when the companies first assumed the responsibility of protecting druggists Some of these companies have also started guaranteeing saloon-keepers against finan cial loss through being locked up for viola tion of the excise law. X jj THE GROSS EARXIXGS TAX Winona Repablican-If the people of the state could only vote on the question, we ap prehend that the Jacobson bill to increase th 3 gross earnings tax upon the railroads from 3 to 4 per cent would carry by an almost over whelming majority. Albert Lea Enterprise-It would be an out rage on the part of this legislature if it should fail to pass a law relative to giving the people of the state at the next general election an opportunity to vote upon the prop osition to increase the gross railroad earn ings tax. Winona Republican-Last fall Winona coun ty.sent two democrats to the legislature and one republican. The latter was not bound by any party platform or by any campaign rec ord to vote for the 4 per cent bill but Mr Anderson was found lined up with the friends of the measure on every vote. Messrs. Gainey and Slkorski, with the weight of their party declaration in favor of the very measure that was before them, with John Lind's words ringing in their ears, with the ugly charges of bribery before their eyes, disregarded all this and voted to send the measure to the tax commission to report in a year or two St. Cloud Times—According to the 'official report of State Auditor Dunn, the average tax rate paid by. citizens upon the entire as sessed valuation of property in Minnesota is U mills. He further stated that the 3 per cent gross earnings tax paid by the railroads is only 8 mills upon one-third of the valua tion of their property, as returned by them selves to the railroad commissioners. It will thus be observed that the railroads only pay one-third as much tax as the merchant the real estate owner, the farmer and the work ing man. Still, there are members of the house who declare that tie railroads pay kTf'hnw a ,maj° rlty of that bod votes to kill a bill to increase the railroad tax rate only 2o per cent. St. Cloud Journal-Press-If the legislature will pass the Jacobson bill and the primary election law, it will have made the best rec ord of any legislature in this state for several years It elected two "United -States senators in a highly creditable manner, and the bills it has passed will meet with general approval. the opportunity to make so good a showing, it would be a political crime to lead the people to belibve that a majority of the members had been captured by railroad influ ences by slaughtering the gross earnings bill Renville Record-It is a source of great gratification to Renville county to know that our representatives in the lower house are lined up right on the Jacobson gross earnings bill. ° Sacred Heart Journal—The dilly-dallying methods employed by the past several legis latures in adopting a plan for a just and equitable taxation of railroad property in this state have been sufficient to arouse the wrath of every man. The plea that the bill if passed will be unconstitutional has been worn threadbare and proven false by the very fact that the railroad companies have so persist ently lobbied against the passage of such an act. If the railroad companies did not believe that this state could change or increase their taxes they would not care a rap how many bills this or previous legislatures passed to do to. Mankato Free Press-The legislature owes it to the people to clear its skirts entirely of any imputation such as Mr. Jacobson "has made, and his charges are so clear and em phatic that they should be fully investigated and no whitewashing of any kind allowed. There has been much said about corruption in connection with legislation affecting rail ways in his state for years past, and with these definite charges, it is time the real state of affairs be shown up. It is only jus tice to the people and the roads to show whether the many allegations that have been made contain only wind or are mixed with facts. None of the Voter**' Ha»inens. Milwaukee Journal. r One of the beauties of th# present system of electing officeholders Is that the politicians save the dear people all the trouble of select ing candidates. What do . the t voters t know about who needs an office,, anyway? It Will Be Fixed. Cincinnati Commercial-Tribune. It wouldn't be a bad Idea for Mr. Carne gie to hare it fixed so Croker can't get at it. A PARADOX BY EDITH WYATT. Copyright, 1901, by S. S. McClure Co. Every Sunday there used to come to Mrs. Norrisi' house on Dearborn avenue an ac quaintance of her youth, now an old family friend. Mrs. Holly waa a stout lady, with a pink face, and a frank, innocent, false front of frizzly brown hair, pointing down between her good-natured blue eyes. She dressed in purple or black 3atin waists, the chains banded by little sliding clasps. Mrs. Holly was short of breath, laughed a great deal, waddled In walking, and always brought with her on Sundays a pug dos, Ada, loved by do one but her mistress. Ada was Mrs. Holly's only domestic com panion. The lady lived In a dingy family hotel on Clark street, near the bridge, among eating houses and in the close neighborhood of noisy railroad trains. Here Mrs. Holly had always stayed in the lifetime of her hus band, a cross, exacting little person, and here she continued to stay after his death in a room furnished with plush and cane chairs, a case of stuffed birds, a red cushion for Ada, and a piano of jangled strings and yellow keys. On the walls hung romantic pictures, •'The Sailor's Return," ajid "At the Stile," draped with satin scarfs, or with silk bags pendant from their upper corners. Mrs. Holly always carried one of the silk bags with her when she came up on Sun days. In It she would bring dog biscuit and sugar for Ada, her car fare, and occasionally a paper novel. "1 brought up a good book for Harry," she would say. "I know he's fond of reading. Here 'tis, Harry; I know you'll like it. It's the prettiest story I've seen in a long time," and she would bestow on the ailent Harry ••Wa'ter Wingate's Sweet heart," or "Was He in Love With His Wife?" Not only was the unfortunate young man obliged to accept Mrs. Holly's loans of fiction with calm, and to refrain from shooting Ada, but also to tolerate his sister Elsie's warm attachment to the unworthy Mrs. Holly. There was in the old lady something good and simple that Elsie admired and liked. When she was a child and sat on Mrs. Holly's lap and slid the clasps of her chains, Elsie had once been allowed alter urgent request to 3pend a day at "The Wilson House," and at that time she and Mrs. Holly had termed a lasting friendship of the high a ship tattooed on his arm. Mrs. Holly, so to speak, encouraged Eisie, and Elsie encouraged Mrs. Holly. As an old and faithful guest, Mrs. Holly was highly esteemed at "Wilson House." Bellboys dashed about fleetly for her. Waitresses brought her individual dishes; and indulged her young visiting friend in a lavish caprice of selection from the bill of fare. The ele vator boy took Mrs. Holly and her guest for rides up and down in the elevator, and the bellboy would come into Mrs. Holly's room in the afternoon to play for them on his har monica, and to show them his white mice and a hip tattooed on his arm. After Elsie was older, when she had be come somewhat sated with elevator hiding, the white mice had long been dead, and the bellboy, now the bookkeeper, though still a friend, had grown too old and proud to play on his harmonica and show his tattooing to visiting ladies, she would amuse herself by reading from Mrs. Holly's large stores of paper novels, "Was He in Love With Hla Wife?" and "Lady Linden's Secret." Mrs. Holly played "The Battle of Waterloo" on the piano for her, and sometimes she sang in a high, queer voice, quite unlike her speak ing voice, "Rosalie, the Prairie Flower," "Jamie's on the Stormy Sea," and a glum song about "Death Has Wed the Little Beauty, Bell?. Brandon, and She Sleeps 'Neath the Old Arbcr Tree." Often Mrs. Holly would take Elsie down town to assist in shopping, and to give her soda water; and for these trips the hostess would make a long preparation. She would fill her bag with lists, and tie a heavy black wool veil around the edge of her bonnet. Elsie was always afraid she would thoughtless ly pull it down over her ey&3, and be totally blinded to the outer world. Then she would, after ten minutes' twisting and investigation, manage to put some change for carfare into a small brovn Mexican puzzle purse. Noth ing so very harmless in appearance ever ex cited a more passionate hatred than did this innocent puzzle purse on the street car lines of Chicago. Mrs. Holly would sometimes pull every one of its thirty little brown flaps before she found the right one. The con ductor, patient, and even diverted through the first ten or twelve, would finally almost grit his teeth with despair. Misguided ladies would kindly offer their help, unaware that success with Mrs. Holly's demoniac purse could be obtained, not by intelligence, but only chance; and when finally the thing flew open a faint sign of relief and a sense of rest after labor would be perceptible throughout the car. "I always think 1 won't take it," Mrs. Holly would say to Elsie. "An' then it seems a' handy." It was in order to guide Mrs. Holly down town on one of her flurried trips that Elsie went one afternoon to "The Wilson House." There was a mild drizzle of rain, and Mrs. Holly said they would better not go "into the city" that day. "We'll Just have a nice little visit here. I'm so scared of the thunder storms and cyclones. How's your mother, dear?" "Very well, thanks, Mrs. Holly." '•I s'pose now you want me to play you 'The Battle-of Waterloo.' I never saw such a girl. Well, I don't know if 1 will t'day." "Why, Mrs. Holly—this is so sudden. After all these years you're not going to give up " "I was trying to tease you a little honey," said Mrs. Holly, playfully. She sat down at the piano, smoothed her skirts a little, and went through "The Battle of Waterloo," "Cannon," "Reveille," and all. Mrs. Holly sat down in one of the cane rocking chairs and began to rock gently, pushing herself with both feet. "Do you know that piece always makes me think of Mr. Allerton?" "Did I ever see Mr. Allerton?" "No, my dear. He was dead and gone be fore you peeped. But you know the place where the Marseillaise comes in th' 'Battle of Waterloo?' " "Yes." "That portion he said he thought was s' pa thetic, s'ggestin,' they was s' confident, you know, and yet goin' t' be beaten." This flight of sympathetic fancy, inspired by the ludicrous and wooden commonplace of "The Battle of Waterloo," somewhat inter ested Elsie in Mr. Allerton; further, Mrs. Holly spoke of him with a touch of conscious ness that she was mentioning some one rather unusual. 80 that Elsie asked, "Did Mr. Al lerton live here?" "No, my dear, he came from Georgia, and he was in Detroit when we were there, before I was married. Why, I guess a better man than Mr. Allerton never lived. Yes, he was a good friend to me. I wish you could have seen him, my dear. I never speak much about him; but I often think about him; he wa3 such a good man." Mrs. Holly went to the table and opened an album to a picture Elsie had often noticed before from its faint likeness to the picture of Poe. "There he is," she said. "It's a good pic tare, too. I'm s' glad t' have it." The picture, an old card photograph, showed the head and shoulders of a young man in military dress, plainly a gentleman and plainly a southerner. He had a good mouth, a very high brow—it was in this the photograph was like Poe's—and an expression of grave courage. Elsie had often looked at the picture before with admiration, not only for the remarkable beauty and seriousness of the expression, but because the countenance and bearing of the man seemed to her those of a person of gen uinely romantic, almost tragic temperament. "Mr. AUerton must have been rather grand in some ways." she ventured. "Yes, that's just what he was—grand. He wasn't like other people. You can see that just by lookin' at him." She clipped out the photograph and turned it over to show the name written on the back, "Edward Scott Allerton." "His mother was a Scott, and that was the reason why Mr. Allerton had such a hard time." Elsie instantly felt that from the first time she saw Mr. Allerton'a face she had known that he had a hard time. "Yes, there was insanity in the family. His mother went insane; and his brother went insane; and Mr. Allerton took all the care of them both for years, just as If they were children. His mother made him promise when he was a little boy that he wouldn't ever let any one else take care of her. So he never did. He couldn't even have married at any rate. But you can imagine what a ter rible, terrible burden, an' he was so devoted to that mother and brother— not that they were very much, I thought, when they were all right. But it waa just he had such a splendid feeling for his family." THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 28, 1901. MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL'S CORRENT TOPICS SERIES (Copyright, 1901. by Victor P. L«awson.) PAPERS BY EXPERTS AND SPECIA LISTS OP NATIONAL. REPUTATION. THE ART OF LIVING A HUNDRED YEARS. VI REST-HOW IT I*ROL©JVGS LIFE By Dr. Charles K. Mills of Philadelphia. The word rest In same languages means a measure of distance, a mile, for instance; in one of its ancient forms it contains the idea of rejoicing or pleasure. When the doctor ad vises rest to his overworked or overworked patient. If his advice is of practical worth it will include suggestions and directions as to the methods of measuring both work and rest, and of adding to that rest such recrea tion as is most suitable to the patient's needs. Simply to tell a sick man that he must rest, without showing him the best way of doing this, will usually be of little service. Some times, indeed, the effort to rest becomes itself a task, or what Is rest for one man may be a task for another. Honest labor, physical or mental, should not impair health nor shorten life. The man who works with his brain, if well equipped, should stand longer hours than those usually forced upon the average mechanic, provided food and rest are properly supplied. The word rest as here used covers not only simple repose or inaction of body and mind, but rec reation and sleep. It is not work which maims or kills, but overwork. 111-regulated work and work out of season. I ltder-Rest and Overwork, tJnder-rest is often as great an evil as over work. To say that & man is overworked is not exactly the same as to say that he is under-rested. Some of those who work hard do not iv reality overwork, but they do not know how to rest, even though the time and opportunity to rest are at their disposal. They have spent so much time in learning how to work and in working that they know nothing else. This is true of men in all walks of life, but especially of business and professional men, some of whom still further dissipate their energies in their efforts to recuperate. The doctor who deals with the overworked and under-rested has always a serious prob lem presented to him. A man comes to him with a story of failing powers of attention, of irritable temper, of confusion of ideas, of a feeling of feebleness, of pain or discomfort in the head or spine, of restlessness by day and sleeplessness by night, and asks for ad vice that will bring relief; a woman comes "with a story of undue emotionality, of mental depression, of interference with normal func tions, of weariness and hopelessness—with many of the symptoms of the man, and where these are wanting with others of her own to make up the lack; the child or youth is brought with a story of bad conduct, of cho reic twitchings, of loss of interest in school work, of failing strength, and often of special disorders of digestion or excretion. In most of these cases what is most needed is rest. The value and virtue of rest should be made as much the object of the earnest physician's study as drugs and waters, instruments and commonly accepted methods of treatment. Rest as a. Cure for Organic Disease. Rest properly taken does much to prolong and make comfortable the lives not only of those suffering from functional diseases of the nervous system, but for a considerable per centage of those who are afflicted with organ ic and often incurable disease. It is rest on which we must most rely for the relief of that pre-eminently American disease, neurasthenia or nervous exhaustion. A -well-known clergyman, in an even better known religious journal, recently delivered himself of the opinion that there is no such thing as nervous prostration, defining the condition which is called by this name by saying that it Is "simply a lack of will pow er, a sinking into imagination which plays havoc with religion and usefulness." The clergyman is not alone in this opinion, for not a few otherwise well-informed physicians hold the same view. They seem to believe that neurasthenia is a good label with which to excuse a man for his shortcomings, or to procure for him a holiday; or perhaps because hysteria and melancholia are so often asso ciated with neurasthenia, or neurasthenia is so often the soil from which melancholia and hysteria develop, the affection is not regarded as worthy of a separate habitation and name I believe, however, that there is a more or less serious functional nervous disorder which in its pure type should be designated neurasthenia or nervous prostration and for this affection rest is the best remedy al though other measures may prove useful ad juvants. The neurasthenic, like Serenus in his letter to Seneca, finds himself "in a state of mind which, although not the worst, is particular ly complaining and sullen." "I am neither sick nor well," he says. And yet he is sick but fortunately it may be only for a sea son, If he seeks and obtains the rest which he requires. How Rest Prolongs Life. Rest serves a great purpose in preserving the usefulness and prolonging the lives even of those who are stricken with incurable maladies, but maladies which do not neces sarily soon threaten death. It is well worth while to lay stress upon this phase of the subject. Many a man through inheritance, misfortune or fault has become the victim of an organic disease of the nervous system or of some other part of the body, a disease which cannot be cured and which fills him with dread and despair when once he has become aware of its presence. Such a one should not say to himself: "I am sick and cannot get well, therefore I may as well give up and wait for the end"—but just as the healthy man should study his limitations, so should the sick man study his. His inquiry should be directed to determine Low he can make himself or keep himself most useful, notwithstanding the illness with which he is afflicted. I nave sometimes said that I feel inclined to advise life Insurance companies to risk endowment policies of ten or fifteen years on many cases of chronic disease of ths nerves, spinal cord and brStn, with the same confidence that they would en those in good health, with the proviso that such patients be Instructed and agreo to follow a course of life to be prescribed for them. Many a case of loeomotor fltaxla, of paralysis from neutri tls or clot, 01 diabetes, or of Bright's disease has almast as good a "hance of ten to twenty years of life and a large degree of usefulness as his healthy neighbor has of twenty to thirty years. Like the man grow ing old, what he needs to do is to change his plane of activity. Drugs and other well chosen methods of treatment will do some thing for him, but more can be done by rest and change In mode of life. Combating Serious Diseases. The story is told of a man suffering from locomotor Ptaxla who was steadily and rapidly getting worse, but who by what seemed an ill stroke of fortune, broke his leg and was compelled to take to his bed for several months. On rising after the bone had knit it was found that he had made more improve ment In the painful and crippling symptoms of his disease than he had done under much previous treatment. Pacts like this in con nection with the teachings of physiology have "Did he do anything besides take care of the mother and brother?" "Yes. He made indexes or something for an insurance office—something he could do at home. My dear, he couldn't leave that poor, old crazy Mrs. Allerton for a minute, or for more than an hour, possibly, at the time. My brother was in the insurance office that he worked for—that was how I knew him." Mrs. Holly paused. The dignity and un accustomed quiet and seriousness of her manner as she spoke of her old acquaintance had before been noticeable to Elsie, and she looked at her friend with a little surprise. "My dear, maybe you can hardly believe it, when I'm so different from him. Of course, I know that, and looking different now, too, from when I was 20, But he loved me. Yes. Our bouse was near theirs, so he used to come often to leave messages with my broth er to take to the office, and to see him about their business, and in that way he came to care very much for me. He even spoke to me about It. He told me that he wanted me to know that if he could ever help me In any way I must ask him. He spoke to my moth er, too, about that. He was such a responsi ble person—you can't think. He was s' used to taking care of people, and s' interested In what would happen to me. He knew I would marry; and so he talked to me about that. shown that rest properly directed Is one of the best therapeutic measures la the treat ment of this disease. The patients suffering from ataxia and from similar degenerative diseases of the nervous system who are col lected together in hospitals for chronic nerv ous maladies, like the wards for nervous dis eases of the Philadelphia hospital, or tha world-famous wards of the Salpetriere of Paris, live on for many years after the full development of their diseases, largely because their lives are spent removed from care, from the necessity of making a living, and under what is,for them good diet and hygiene. I know of patients suffering from diabetea who have made more than one fortune after they have been doomed to die by foot-in-the grave doctors, and after they have been re fused short endowment policies in careful Ufa insurance companies; but they have beea able to do this not alone by the diet and medicine prescribed for them, but by learn ing how best to live under the limitations imposed by their maladies. They hava learned to work in a more orderly and sys tematic manner, and above all to seek rest and change when they are required. How Patients Lone Their Chance** One great trouble with patients suffering from such chronic diseases is that they liva In an atmosphere of unrest as regards treat ment; they are not willing to leave either themselves or thfclr disease alone. They must always be up and doing, in many cases tho truth being that the more they do the more rapidly they decline. They go from place to place; they grasp at every straw of relict offered by the wise, the ignorant, or the un scrupulous, and thereby sometimes lose tha few chances that are left to them. They should not say to the doctor, "Can you cure me?" but, "What can you do to relieve my sufferings, improve my health and prolong my life?" It Is not necessary for such pa tients always to give up the work in which, they are engaged, but it is arways necessary that they do this work under requirement* of the new situations. How and when to rest are for them always among the moat important things to learn. I have knowa not a few such patients to be hastened to their graves by trying methods of treatment which involve exercise of an unsuitable or even violent character. Exersise has a great place even in the treatment of some organia diseases, but, improperly directed, it may add to the ills of the patient and hasten processes of decay and degeneration. Som« well advertised apostles of exercise travel from city to city and gather in the weak, th« halt and the depressed, and, preaching a sermon which is applicable to a few, allura the many into a routine of therapeutic over work which can only prove distastrous. Avoid I nreftt: Get Proper Rest. The problems included under a discussion of rest as the conserver or health and pro longer of life may be presented from two practical standpoints; first, the avoidance of habits of unrest, and, second, the best meth od of obtaining the rest that is required. Much space need not be taken up with a consideration of the first of these heads. Nos a few of those who suffer from nervous op other breakdown do so because their lives and work are full of unrest. Of two busi ness men who have equal amounts of work to do, and are practically equal in physical strength and mental capacity, one goes about his task with a system and steadiness that do nat wear either upon himself or those with whom he comes in contact; the other, with such restlessness and unnecessary out put as to keep himself in a half-exhausted stat? and those around him disturbed and disquieted. Perhaps his unrest is shown la the unnecessary steps which he takes or the unnecessary rapidity with which he takes them; in talking too long or too excitedly; in driving when leading would do better—in brief, in expending more energy than is necessary even for the full accomplishment of the work in hand. The feelings of those compelled by fate to keep company with these useful but irritating mortals are best expressed by the slang expression, "Give us a rest"; but as a rule they never either rest themselves nor let any one about them rest. One set of men do their work with smooth ness and with only that loss of vitality which is easily repaired by their daily In come of food and sleep, the other is always giving out more than can be thus .§ upplied. One saves his forces at the same time that he uses them, the other is wasting much that he might easily save. One physician is worn out before his hours of work have half expired; the other goes evenly and quletly through the hard day's work. The -work that nags and harasses one man scarcely ruffles the other. Combining Rest With Work. Much of this is due to the fact that many, perhaps most men have not learned to con serve their forces while at work; to combine rest with work, or at least work without un necessary restlessness. Often much couid be done to prevent breakdown by simply seizing the little opportunities which either* offer or can be made, to rest body and mind, either while at labor or during the intervals which come in so many forms of labor. Men stand or move about at their work, when they could just as readily sit. Sometimes both men and women are forced by the rules of the estab lishment to waste their energies standing or walking when they might be saved by giving opportunities to rest when standing or walk ing are not required by the exigencies of business. Stools without backs and desks of Improper shape or size sometimes add to the labor, and prevent rest, which even during labor might be easily had. In the foolish haste which governs so many, even the quickly eaten meal of the business man is not taken with the quiet and rest which could be obtained. He sits on a high and unbacked stool at a counter, with aa empty chair and table within reach, appar ently fearful lest he may be tempted by a lit tle more comfort to prolong the time snatched from his business. Banish the Spirit of Unrest. Much of the work that is done in thU struggling world must be done in haste and with energy, or the results wished for will not be obtained; but while this is true, It Is also true that often more haste is taken and more energy expended than is called for by necessity. The spirit of unrest dominate* too much. How is rest to be secured? This question, cannot be answered by merely general state ments. The individual must be studied even more than the disease. The rest which Is on© man's meat may be another's poison. Rest, especially for' those stricken or threatened with nervous disease, Is to be obtained through dally periods of rest and recreation, through seasonal vacations or holidays, through travel and change of climate, through well-selected reading and diversion, and through methods of rest treatment. Note.—Next Thursday will be published aa article by Dr. Mills on "Rest—How to Get It." He wanted me to be certain to marry a good man." "I think that was very fine of him." Elsi« looked at the photograph, its deep inward eyes, the eyes of one who had no very clear perception of the outer world; but she saw plainly how a man, serious, poetic, of higli conceptions, could have been unenvlous of any of her friend's qualities but those that were excellent and beautiful. "Where was he when he died?" Elsie asked after a while. "Oh, he was insane for two years before ha died. It was a long time ago, nearly twenty years ago. But he had put by enough to hay« the mother and brother taken care or. H« was so afraid he would have to leave them a burden to some one—but he didn't. I was so glad of that." They eat for a while in.silence. The rain had stopped; the 6 o'clock whistles were blow- Ing and sounding through the city, and Elsie knew she must go. She and Mrs. HoFly part ed with tenderness and understanding, and she walked home with the photograph of ids: Allerton still in her mind. Sure of ThU Distinction. ' Atlanta Journal. Perhaps no one will attempt to deny tbat Grover Cleveland Is the greatest living tV president.