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LUCIAN SWIFT, J. Su MoLAIN,
; MANAGER. ' v EDITOR.
THE; JOURNAL is published
every evening, except Sunday, "at
47-49 Fourth Street: South, .Journal
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C J. Bullion, Manager Foreign Adver
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A REFRESHING CONTRAST
The course of The Minneapolis Journal
with reference to the questions coming up
in the legislature affecting corporations is
in refreshing contrast to the subservient
attitude of nearly all the other twin city
papers. The Journal's independent atti
tude^ worthy of note and hearty com
The British Budget Statement
The British budget statement made by
the chancellor of the exchequer in the
British house of commons, yesterday, to
gether with his recommendation of ad
ditional taxation and increases on pres
ent taxation, were sufficiently suggestive
to Englishmen that Secretary Joseph
Chamberlain's South African war is a
very costly amusement and that British
export trade is suffering and that Britain
needs a resourceful financier at the helm
like Henry IV.'s Sully or Grand Old Man
Gladstone. When th© chancellor of the
exchequer says: "I think the house will
see the war has brought the country to
the verge of ruin;" and Vernon Harcourt, a
liberal leader, says: "We cannot go on
without involving this country in financial
ruin," the situation is necessarily pretty
The chancellor proves this by the fig
ures of the cost of the Boer war, which
has aggregated $755,000,000 so far and is
costing now about $7,000,000 a week. With
a deficit of $275,000,000 It is necessary to
float a loan of $300,000,000, while the in
come tax is increased and duties are laid
on refined and raw sugar and molasses,
from which even British West Indian col
onial sugar is not excepted, and glucose
Is mad© dutiable and a protective duty
of a shilling a ton is laid on coal ex
ported. This ia the only protective duty
laid, as the other duties may be called
It is evident, however, that Britain is
weakening on free trade for she has de
cided that refrigerated beef for army use
must be of home production and that
means protection of the British farmer.
Britain does not admit that she is resort
ing to protection, but gravitation that way
has commenced and recently the chancel
lor of the exchequer was hinting at a duty
on breadstuffs, but he saw that It would
hardly pay when British farmers can't
begin to grow cereal food up to the mea
sure of the supply needed.
The truth of the chancellor's statement
about tha decline of British export trade
cannot be doubted. The London Mail has
published a series of gloomy statisticial
articles on the subject. The situation is
depressing, but it -will hardly do for
Americans to assume that Britain, as an
Industrial force, is in a moribund condi
tion. The straits into which she has come
are stimulating an aggressive spirit, which
means a strong movement for the rehabil
itation of the export trade. British iron
mongers are arranging to buy vast areas
of Swedish iron lands to enable them to
get their raw material cheaper for com
petitive purposes. British manufacturers
are installing American machine tools in
their plants so as to turn out better work
and throughout industrial England there
Is a movement to induce the British work
man to imitate his American brother and
drop his superabundant sporting engage
ments in cricket, football and fishing and
attend to his work so that his employer
may complete hia contracts on time. The
delay in filling orders in English shops,
which has been such an advantage to
American manufacturing contractors, is
caused, not only by the poorer tools used,
but largely by the insistence of the work
man upon limiting work to get time for
The chancellor's lugubrious statement,
yesterday, is likely to stimulate British
activity to repair the damages in the ex
port trade. Hitherto the extension of
trade within the empire has had less ar
tificial stimulus than that of any other na
tion and while imperial federation, which
would be a distinct advantage to England,
is but slenderly favored as yet in the
colonies, it may in time be brought about
through various possible stimuli.
In our own country we should not be so
overconfident of maintaining and strength
ening our present commanding position
that we shall grow careless and unmind
ful of opportunities and disdainful of the
commercial and industrial devices and
processes of our European competitors.
England, Germany and France are prepar
ing to tight us with our own weapons.
The Minneapolis Journal is shaking hands
with, itself, bowing to its reflection in the
mirror and throwing nice little bouquets at
ltsolf—nice little bouquets which its author
ized agents have been gathering out in the
country. Those little knots of wind flowers
can be had for the asking, but arbutus—well,
there don't seem to be any of that sort com
ing The Journal's way.—St. Paul Globe.
This is one of the Globe's daily exhi
bitions of distress over the handsome and
unsolicited compliments the country press
is paying to The Journal for its ser
vices to the state in connection with the
work of the legislature, while the Globe
end Its contemporaries truckled to the
public service corporations. The Globe
need not feel so badly; nobody expects it,
under existing circumstances of okner&hip,
to do differently. As for 'arbutus," no,
none of "that sort" came The Jour
nal's way. When the "arbutus" was
passed The Journal was not favored.
It seems to be pretty well understood,
dear Globe, that The Journal is not
an "arbutus" paper.
The Chicago Evening Post has demon
strated that while Mr. Harmsworth may
know what the English public wants in
the way of newspapers, he is not a safe
guide as to the American choice. The
under existing circumstances of ownership,
adopted the tabloid form only to abandon
it and return .to the ordinary size* of
page in order to save its circulation
Aguinaldo is reported to have refused
to issue an address to the insurrectos
calling upon them to surrender and accept
Don Emilio doubtless wants to be coaxed
and petted to issue the document and se
cure some large advantages for himself.
He has taken the oath of allegiance, but
practically maintains an attitude of hos
tility to the sovereignty of the United
States and can be tried by court martial
as a prisoner of war and leader and pro
moter of insurrection.
It is probable that too much has been
made of Don Emilio's influence over the
insurrectos. Since his capture, insurrec
tionary officers have said that he was not
necessary to them and they could go ahead
with the fighting without him. As the
insurrectos were disintegrating and sur
rendering before Don Emilio was cap
tured, it is evident that he did not have
influence enough to prevent disaffection,
which continues on a large scale. As long
as he could by a bold system of lies and
misrepresentation. keep the Filipinos
from discovering the real intentions of
the United States, he was able to secure
their adhesion. Since the Taft commis
sion has succeeded in communicating di
rectly with the natives a great change
has taken place in Filipino sentiment,
which insures the early pacification of the
Enough has been accomplished by the
Taft commission to show the people that
their best interests are insured of ac
tualization through American sovereignty
and not through a tyrannical halfbreed
dictatorship, of whose rigors they have
had a disagreeable taste. Forced levies
on the natives for supplies, looting,
house-burning, massacre of those disloyal
to Aguinaldo or whom he considered
dangerous rivals, as in the case of Luna,
and other samples of Aguinaldo's style
of government show to great disadvantage
beside the civil and religious liberty and
educational facilities, local autonomy,
peace and prosperity and protection for
life and property, characteristic of Ameri
It is rumored that Funston did not cap
ture Don Emilio, but a cousin of the
slippery insurgent leader. But, even if
the government has been hoaxed, it makes
no difference, for the collapse of the in
surgents is a foregone conclusion. It is
beyond the power of Aguinaldo to put an
army in the field or to revive the ex
Ilinrle fnr The new theory that
LL/orK jur teacners should amuse and
the Board of entertain their pupils, so
Education as to sugar-coat their little
pill of instruction, is taking
deep root in Chicago and is being carried out
to quite unheard-of lengths. Thus the child
is shown such words as ••hop," "skip" or
"jump," then the words are pronounced dis
tinctly, and then the teacher hops, skips or
jumps and each pupil is required to follow
her example, calling out the word as he does
Lia little '-stunt." From these simple words
the system proceeds to difficult sentences,
sufh as "wash your face," "comb your hair"
and "brush your clothes," the teacher repeat
ing the words and going through the opera
tion which they describe, while the children
follow her example. As a variation, the pu
pils are taught to mew like the cat and per
form other exercises that would have given
Horace Mann and other early educational ex
perts heart failure.
Doubtless for such sentences as "stand on
your hands" the masculine superintendent of
schools is called in and balances gracefully
in the air before the delighted children. Or
the board of education may be called on to
do a little song with clog dance at the end.
Something simple and poetic, say:
We are pussy willows,
Growing in the spring;
When the wind blows o'er us
See us danca and sing.
At this point the board of education breaks
into its little clog, while the children keep
time by patting their hands. In this way
the board of education may be made decidedly
useful and kept in good humor to prevent
quarreling over the finances and the location
of new schoolhouses.
The field of the educators with their "object
lessons" is gradually but surely widening. It
is a hopeful sign.
The Boston Globe shows how it is Irish
generalship that is fighting England's battles.
General Horatio Herbert Kitchener is de
scended from an old Irish family and was
born in Ireland.
General Frederick S. Roberts is descended
from an old Irish family of Waterford. The
general was born in India.
General George S. White was born in Ire
land of Irish parentage.
General Garnet Wolseley is of Irish descent
and was born in Dublin,
These are the gentlemen on whom Maud
Gonne should call.
Boston has a horse show now going on. The
horse is that rather cumbersome four-legged
animal that u*ed to draw our vehicles and eat
the oats that the Scotchman left.
Mrs. Nation's paper has given up the ghost.
Its literary flavor was strong and goaty and
its news was old. The first, number was
enough to satisfy everybody.
The marriage of Mary E. Wilkios. the nov
elist, has been postponed again. The gentle
man will soon have to sue Miss Wilkins for
breaches of promise.
New England Methodist ministers in con
vention took action against fishing on Sun
day. Well, that does seem to be the" minis
ter's busy day.
Arbor Day will soon be here, and the
schoolbouse janitor is dusting off the old
beanpole for use again.
The Michigan legislature is said to be at
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
work on a bill to prohibit any man with a
pink wart on his nose from holding office.
If they could prevent any wart from holding
office the republic -would be greatly benefited.
The operation of having the stomach cut out
is said to be a severe strain on the doctors.
The patients ' also exhibit evidences of
Kansas City held a $500 fine over Mrs. Na
tion while she left the city. It worked well.
Why not try it on the blind pigs?
Al G. Field's Mlnntr<-I» at the Metro
Al G. Field's Greater Minstrels are worthy
of their title. A large audience voted their
entertainment a success at the Metropolitan
last night, and from the enthusiasm evoked,
it is certain that a motion to make the vote
unanimous would have passed with cheers.
Mr. Field's press agent might honestly ap
propriate the old circus catch line and ad
vertise "three shows in one and all for one
price' of admission." For Field's Greater
Minstrels Include not only a first-class mins
trel show but a high-class vaudeville enter
tainment, with a section of the Buffalo Bill
show thrown in.
The minstrel part of the bill is highly
meritorious, as it serves to introduce some
capable singers and ccmediar.s. Arthur Yule
sang "The Palms" with magnificent effect.
His pure lyric tenor was also heard in other
ambitious numbers. Billy Taylor's singing
of "The Sunset Gun," was another spirited
effort which aroused the audience. Rees
Prosser was enthusiastically welcomed in his
songs, "For L#ove Alone" and "When the
Harvest Days Are Over."
The first part introduced A' G. Field, John
H. Blackford, Tommy Donnelly p.nd Arthur
Kigby in "moke" skits of persiflage and
harangues that put the audience in good
humor. Their jokes were mixed, like all
those of the minstrel ilk, but :he new ones
were in the majority.
The olio opened with an extremely funny
skit entitled -'One Day at the White House,"
the same being a wild take-off on President
McKinley, Marcus A. Hanna and Teddy Roose
velt. It takes an American audience to sit
convulsed at seeing their president ridiculed
in merciless fashion, and it is likely that the
laughers felt a bit ashamed of themselves.
The ridicule is piled on too thick whero it
affects the president. Senator Hanna and the
picturesque rough rider may be proper butts
for ridicule, but the person of the president
should be inviolate. The skit ought to be
The Blackford Brothers in "The Coon from
Arkansaw," a musical sketch, was one of the
most enjoyable features. John H. Blackford's
violin playing, during which he narrated his
adventures at a country dance, was highly
artistic besides being irresistibly funny. The
turn of the dancing professors was as neat
as anything ever seen in Minneapolis. The
eccentric gyrations of one of them evoked
uproarious merriment irom all parts of the
house. . •
Bob Keys and Eddie McDonald gave a re
markable exhibition of acrobatic eccentrici
ties, embracing some of the most difficult
feats of strength and agility ever witnessed.
In a-ddition to being acrobatic stars of the
first magnitude, both are born comedians and
their pranks kept the fun going at a fast
pace. Pascatel, a cl«ver contortionist, was
another star feature of the program.
The big troupe of Moorish Mamelukes in
sports, games and pastimes peculiar to the
orient, concluded the entertaining perform
ance. Their act was highly spectacular and
aroused great enthusiasm. It Is the same
marvelous exhibition of fast tumbling and
pyramid work that constitutes one of the t4g
features of the Buffalo Bill show.
Field's Greater Minstrels are immense.
—W. A. D.
l>ella Fox and her big company of vaude
ville artists will appear at the Metropolitan
Sunday evening for an engagement of four
nights and three matinees. The advance sale
has been large and the prospects for a suc
cessful engagement are most encouraging.
Otis Skinner and- his players will present
at the Metropolitan the last half of next week
'•Prince Otto," which was adapted by Mr.
Skinner from Robert Louis Stevenson's novel.
The play had a very successful run at Mc-
Vicker's theater in Chicago last summer, and
also played a successful engagement at Wal
lack's theater. New York, early in the sea
But three more performances remain of the
engagement at the Bijou of the Royal Lilli
putians in their merry spectacular farce
comedy, "The Merry Tramps." The entertain
ment is a most novel one and the attendance
thus far has been most flattering. The final
afternoon performance occurs to-morrow
That versatile comedian and golden-voiced
singer, Al H. Wilson, in a really good
comedy, '"The Watch on the Rhine," "will be
the bill at the Bijou the coming week. The
play is brim full of bright lines, laughable
situations and original character studies. The
story is well told throughout, and is just com
plicated enough to keep the fun
going at a rapid rate, with just
enough pathos to throw in the
darker shades by way of contrast. Mr.
Wilson has a part that brings him out as a
comedian of quiet methods. He introduces a
number of pretty songs that charm and en
thrall. The company carries all its own
OTHER PEOPLE'S NOTIONS
Work of the Building Inspector.
To the Editor of The Journal.
Will you kindly give space in your paper
to a few lines in reply to the communication
of "B. A. Q." ia last nights Journal,
which he terms "Remarks Relating to Good
Government." In this case, it seems ,to him
to mean the erection of fire escapes. As a
rule, I think such communications unworthy
of answer when signed only by initials, but
in order that "Bag 1 may have something in
it and may receive information which he evi
dently lacks, I break the rule in this in
I have been a taxpayer in this city for the
past twenty years and claim to have as much
interest as "B. A. G." in "good city gov
ernment," and I agree with him that the
ordinance relating to fire escapes is a good
one, and for his information will state that
I have already ordered the erection of thirty
nine fire escapes since Jan. 1, this year and
that twenty-seven of these have already been
finished, notwithstanding the fact that the
taxpayers who owned the buildings protested
vigorously in many cases that there was no
necessity for them.
We shall j continue :to order ; the erection •of
fire escapes as -• time can be given .to this
work and as necessity demands. * The inspec
tor of buildings is required, among other
things, to inspect new buildings in process
of construction, to inspect old and dangerous
buildings, heavily loaded floors, to figure
safe floor loads for warehouses and other
buildings, . : to order the erection r of fire
escapes, .and in general to look after the
safety of all buildings. I have but one as
sistant for the above mentioned, duties and
do not think that the above record in the
matter of fire escapes is subject to just criti
cism. If "B. A. G." will kindly notify me
TJonM Pticular buildings he refers ■ to.
I would; consider -it a favor, and will make
an examination of the buildings and : take
such action as the cases may require. >
—James G. Houghton,
,„ , -Inspector of Buildings
■Minneapolis, April 19. -: u'"«s.
■Making- Her Record.
Mrs Nation may not be attracting as much
attention as formerly, but she is stacking
one of the most imposing police records tha*
any reformer can boast.
Sigrn of Recklessness.
Kansas City Journal.
The German emperor has developed a sud
dne interest in American roller skates Lat°r
Wghb l? ay d° B°me experimentln* the
An Appropriate Heading.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat
A lecture recently delivered at Lincoln, on
the subject. "The Philosophy of Profanity "
deserves to be classed under the head of
Xerve, With a Man Around It.
Funston !s merely nerve with a man built
up around It.
Minneapolis Journal's Current Topics Series.
Papers By Experts and Specialists of National Reputation.
LIFE A CENTURY AGO.
IX — EARLY FIRE PROTECTION
By Alice Morse Earle. Author of "Colonial
Days in Old New York," "Stage Coach and
Taveru Days," etc.
(Copyright. 1501, by Victor F. Lawson.)
There was scant flre insurance a century
ago. In Philadelphia was "The Philadelphia
Contributorship for the Insurance of Houses
by Loas by Fire," which is supposed to have
FIREMAN'S CERTIFICATE OF APPOINTMENT, 1787.
been founded by Franklin, and which still
exists. The rate was 20 shillings on £*00,
the policy running for seven years. The pre
mium was in the nature of a loan, returned
at the end of the term without interest. No
house with shade trees near it would be in
sured. A label was tagged to the insured
house. A rival insurance company was start
ed and took the distinguishing tag of lab. I
of a tree to affix to the house, since it insured
For many years these two Philadelphia flro
insurance companies were the only on.es. It
is not known that by 1795 a single building
<M|^tt3J|^ Z&^>^^^^J&3tl^SrM&*tftM-^zie^^*ss=*-~ — S"^*~~~~
NEW YOK FIRE ENGINE AND ENGINE
(From an old print.)
in B'cston was insured against fire. Thera
existed a primitive sort of mutual insurance,
which was another example of the general
helpfulness, the neighborliness which every
where existed. It was a recognition of the
principle that the loss which is sharp to"a ;
single person falls lightly on many. A citi
zen whose house or shop had been destroyed
would send out a paper or publish a notice
calling attention to his misfortune and ask
ing the assistance of his fellow-townsmen on
the ground that God's hand might uext visit
Uf>e Tomb of Ayun Musa. By Osborne O'Connor.
Copyrigttt,'M&W, by Osborne O'Connor.
If you have visited Alexandria, Egypt, you
will remember the five cemeteries in the
western suburbs of the ancient city. In two
of these cemeteries there have been no burials
for the last fifty years, and in the one known
as "The Sleep of the Hgly Dead" you will
find the tomb of Ayun Musa. This cemetery
covers about five acres of ground, is sur
rounded by a stone wall in a more or lesa
dilapidated condition, and one might wander
there ior days and meet no one to order him
j away. So great is the reverence among most
I natives for the long-buried dead, and so
strong is the feeling of superstition in his
nature, that it is almost impossible to induce
him to enter these holy grounds in broad day
Ayun Musa was a soldier and a statesman
who lived 500 years ago. Hi 6 popularity made
him enemies, who conspired and brought
about his ignominious death, and years after
his demise, when it was known that he had
been an innocent sacrifice, a tomb was built
in "The Sleep of the Holy Dead" to honor his
memory. No one knows whether his remains
were actually laid in the tomb or not, and at
this late date it would be hard to find any
body who cared.
It is a stone vault, with a rusty iron door
hanging by one hinge, and tablets on each
side of the door giving the name, age, date
of birth and death, etc. The vault is a room
about twelve feet square, and in the center
is a marble sarcophagus which perhaps once
held a coffin. Ten years ago a tourist could
enter the grounds, find the vault for himself,
and passing the hanging iron door, descend
the six steps into the gruesome room. If the
darkness and the mold and the bats did not
shake his nerve, he could light matches and
take a peep into the great stone receptacle
and behold dust and spiders and perhaps a
dead bat at the bottom. As it was- then, so it
probably is to-day. Your Egyptian has little
use for a dead man, no matter what he was in
life. The reverence I have spoken of is more
Daily New YorK Letter. j& j& j&
BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL,
No. 21 Park Row.
The Circus Again.
April 19.—As for the annually recurring
circus, the small boy and his sister are again
able to disport in their element of anticipation
and realization. Fcr nearly a week the circus
has been cut of Its winter 'home at Columbus
and in waiting at Ambrose park. South
Brooklyn, for the time to move in the Garden
after the departing Indian* and rough riders.
When the circus came to town it was like
the arrival of Noah's ark, only more so, as
about every kind and sort of animal was rep
resented only by many more than two varie
ties as a rule. As soon as Buffalo Bill gets
through on Saturday night the circus will
move in and get itself in shape on Sunday
for the regulation parades and two perform
ances on Monday. A circus in New York is
no Email affair for it always lasts from one
to three weeks at the Garden, which is packed
at every performance, for climatic conditions
have no effect as they do when the show is
tented In the open. And the indoor circus has
come to be rather a social ever.t too. Nightly
ths boxes at the Garden are filled with men
and women In evening clothes.
War of Christian Science.
The Christian Scientists are certainly pass
ing through a severe ordeal. From all sides
they are being bombarded by their critics.
Both science and religion are denouncing the
new faith. The denunciations are now taking
the shape of personalities leveled chiefly at
Mrs. Eddy. Sunday Dr. Parkhurst, in his
sermon, was particularly severe, and in an
address to the Baptist Ministers' conference,
Rev. Dr. A. G. Lawson, of Camden, said:
"As a literature Christian Science is merely
a hodge-podge, without system or order or
original ideas or good sense. Its philosophy
is regretted by every competent student of
Merely an Oversight.
St. Louis Btar.
Notwithstanding Mr. Bryan insists the
empire jg here, congress at its last session
failed to make any allowance for a royal
them and they would need the help he now
implored. These petitions were not necessa
rily from those in destitute circumstances,
and it may be assumed that liberal response
was given. There were also friendly socie
ties which carried out these methods. The
Massachusetts Mutual, the first company in
Masaschusetts, was established with the cen
tury; it had some curious rules. If a policy
holder allowed his pump to get out of order
and remain so after his attention had been
called to it, he had to pay a fine of $2. He
was also fined if his chimney caught flre.
, I'he first fire insurance lawsuit in the United
States was brought against this company in
Caring for the Fire Backets.
Fire rules were rigid enough everywhere.
There was a fine of £1 for disobeying any
order of the fire warden. If the householder
could not display to the warden his fire
buckets hanging in good order in their proper
place be was fined. In New York, if the
constable fetched home the fire buckets to
the owner after the fire, he got 6 shillings
apiece for his pains. This was deemed exces
sive and it was more than hinted that the
constable hid them in order to claim the re
ward. Usually the buckets were left in a
pile or set up on fence posts and owners and
their servants came to claim- them the follow
ing day. Sometimes they were lost by being
put carelessly into the river to be filled and
left to sink to tne bottom. So they were not
a cheap accessory to the household.
Tlie Old Volunteer Firemen.
The old volunteer firemen of the first half
of the nineteenth century were a picturesque
and inspiring group. All classes of society,
from the wealthy merchant to the humblest
workman, served under the volunteer's heavy
hat. Men left their homes to risk their lives
for the preservation of the homes of others,
and they did it unasked, and as simply as if
they were walking to church. The fire lad
dies of the first salaried companies were
made immortal by Chanfrau on the stage
and through innumerable caricatures in the
press. "Mose" in his red shirt, with black
broadcloth trousers tucked into boot-tops, and
his distinguishing "soap-locks" hanging down
his shaven cheeks, was a real character. It
is told that in New York in 1820 there were
500 alarms of fire, so the companies were
never idle. The fights, contests of skill, ri
valries of love and "wash-outs" of the dif-
I ideal thiin actual. In my search for mummies
I have met many an Egyptian who grieved
that his father and mother had not been dead
long enough to bring $50 in the open market
as specimens. Unless it came to the ears of
the authorities that some foreigner was
breaking open tombs and shipping away bones
by the hogshead they would not set a guard
over a cemetery.
In visiting "The Sleep of the Holy Dead" at
Alexandria I was actuated wholly by curiosity
and was not even looking for a relic or a sou
venir. I had wandered about for two or three
hours, when I came to the tomb of Ayun
Mus-a. I had not encountered a person of
either sex and time had slipped past rapidly.
It lacked only half an hour of sunset when I
stood before the rusty gate and sought to de
cipher the tablets. I had found other vaults
open, but had not entered, and why I sudden
ly decided to enter here I cannot say.
I knew there would be a sarcophagus, with
its iid firmly cemented and nothing to be
seen, but 1 squeezed my way past the broken
gate and descended the steps. At the bottom
of the gate was a great accumulation of
leaves and dirt, blown in by the winds of
centuries, and as I climbed over the heap I
struck a match to look around. There was
the sarcophagus in the center of the vault,
but before the match went out I had seen that
it had no cover. I must have & peep into it,
and so I struck another match and advanced.
An instant after the flame appeared I heard
a movement in the vault. It was midnight
darkness down there, unless one faced the
gate. The flame of the match did not show
even the further wall. My heart leaped as
the noise reached my ear, and for an instant
I thought of som»-evil-minded person lying
there in wait. Then I laughed at the idea.
Those old vaults were the homes of rats and
bats, and it was one of those creatures I
heard moving about. I stepped forward to
look into the sarcophagus, but as I reached it
my second match burned out. I had a third
in my fingers when I received a blow on the
philosophy, and as a science It discredits
every scientific demonstration. As a pro
fessedly Christian church the organization
throws down every vital doctrine of Chris
tianity. It is, moreover, an immoral system,
and it is bound to bring a sad harvest of cor
ruption. If it had not been for its pre
tended power to heal, it never would have
attained notoriety. Its healers collect their
fees in advance, and 1 have never heard of
any of their so called churches doing one
bit of humanitarian work among the poor
and the unfortunate." Dr. Lawson's paper
is to be printed by the conference. It can
not be disputed, however, that Christian
Science is thriving in spite of criticism.
Marked by a Tablet.
A bronze tablet in the front, corridor of the
old Hall of Records was unveiled with ap
propriate cert-monies Monday, which was Hhe
anniversary of the 15th of April tIT years
ago, when the last British soldier in the war
of the revolution sailed irom New York. The
tablet is unfortunately worded, and may have
to be changed, but it recites the main fact,
that this venerable building was used as a
British prison during the war for independ
ence. The inscription reads: "This tablet
marks the site of the provost prison, where
patriots died for the cause of freedom, about
A. D. 1756. Erected by the Mary Washington
Colonial Chapter of the American Revolu
tion, April 13, A. D. 1901." A period and
the word "erected" should have been inserted
after the word "freedom."
Everything for Sale.
Every necessity and most of the luxuries
of life are displayed for bale in the streets
of New York. A man can feed and clothe
himself, furnish Us house and invest his
fortune without entering a store, and the
very rich and the very poor are alike patrons
of th» curiotrs atrtdoor disfrtsiy- Tb« ■'curb-
A Distrustful Subscriber.
There Is one thing of which Aguinaldo has
become thoroughly convinced, and that is,
if you see it in the Commoner, it in aot neces
FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 19, 1901.
ferent companies were episodes of American
life, and the engineer with his trumpet was
a hero. The orgies of the firemen's annual
musters grew to be obnoxious to many law
abiding citizens, and when my father, in a
position of authority, refused to countenance
these musters until certain restrictions were
enforced, he was threatened with personal
assault and a general riot seemed inevitable.
When Fire Engine* Came Into I'se.
When fire engines came into more general
use still more attention was paid to the form
ation of fire companies. Small wages were
paid, fire drills were held, certificates of con
duct were given. A eeriain number manned
the rope, and each had duties assigned. When
the fire was over and the engine was again in
the engine-house a roll was called and all ab
sentees were fined.
The newspapers had constantly from per
sons who had lost property by fire cards of
thanks to all who had helped them in their
time of need. Thus in 1827 in a Hartford
newspaper Enoch Perkins presented his cor
dial thanks to the engineers, fire wardens and
members of the lire society for their assist
ance at the fire at his dwelling place.
About Spontaneous Combustion.
Public spirit was also shown in warning
against the causes of fire. Spontaneous com
bustion was a great theme.
A modern reader of the Aurora of February,
1801, would be surprised to see so much of its
few columns taken up by one item. There
had been a fire in Philadelphia in a tallow
chandler's, and he published an elaborate ex
planation of the cause. A workman had
melted up, to recast, some old candles that
in some way had lost their shape and become
fused together. He strained out the old wicks
from these melted candles and cast them
aside, and these wicks became fired in Some
mysterious manner akin to spontaneous com
busMon. . The chandler published this rela
tion, also the long and wordy affidavit of half
a dozen workmen, candlemakers, who affirmed
that they had seen fire generated from a simi
lar cause, and that they gave their testimony
dimply out of kindly interest in the world at
large, to "warn others against similar loss* by
fire from a similar cause.
->• "SS-. ■
THB VOLUNTEER FIREMAN IN POLITICS
(From an old print in advocacy of the election of James Gulick as register of the city of
The Fire Plugs of Earlier Times.
There will occasionally be seen in the
streets of eastern cities the words "Fire
Plug" cut into a wall or post. Until a year
or two ago (and I presume it is there still)
the inscription "Fire Plug, 26 Feet," was cut
in the granite wall of the burial ground in
Washington street, opposite Rutland street,
Boston. These fire plugs are primitive relics
of the old wooden aqueduct days when the
head and went down in a heap on the floor.
When I came to it was night, aud 1 found
myself lying among bushes and blocks of
stone. 1 was weak and dazed, and it seemed
as if my head iwould split open with pain.
No doubt it was a full hour before I crawled
out and staggered toward the lights of the
city. 1 had been conveyed a distance of al
most a mile from the cemetery, and daylight
came as I sat down on the steps of a house
to hold my aching head in my hands and
try to reason out the situation. I heard the
voice of a native saying that I had been
assaulted; a crowd gathered: some one
brought a doctor, and presently I recovered
sufficiently to give the name of my hotel
and ask that a carriage be called: I had re
ceived a smart rap, but a bad scalp wound
was the only result. After two 'days in bed
I was all right. I had not told my story,
and the landlord, the doctor and others sim
ply looked upon it as a case of assault while
I was prowling about the streets at midnight.
The fact that I had been robbed down to the
last coin was corroborative evidence, and I
received many words of caution about Ameri
can recklessness. I did not give up my story
until 1 was able to visit the chief of police
in person. When I told him what had hap
pened he laughed and said:
"Ah, you foreigners—you must always have
a story to account for everything; but in this
case, why need you tell one? There is no
wife to be deceived."
"Then you don't believe what 1 say?" I
"You went wandering about the streets at
night. You may have had a love adventUTe.
You followed It up too sharply, and the re
sult was a broken head. Perhaps the woman
was a decoy. You are old enough to know
what these things may lead to."
"But I am no fool. I tell you I was struck
dowfl in the tomb of Ayun Musa, and it must
have taken two men to carry me away. What
-were they doing in that place? Why did they
assault me? If I had been assaulted else-
stone broker" who handles millions of dollars
worth of stocks and the Hester street push
cart man with clothes, flowers or lunch, all
eater successfully to the outdoor trade. The
sidewalk salesman Is found 'n greatest variety
in the dowrtown financial district. Every
day at noon Broad street is crowded with a
remarkable perambulating restaurant. These
curious vehicles gather in the side streets
and at the stroke of 12 race for good posi
tions. They together serve a remarkably
varied menu of both hot and cold dishes. In
the same block are to be found dog ye iders.
while nearby a crowd of curbstone brokers
rush from side to side In the excitement of
speculation in Standard Oil stock and other
issues of both high and low grade. . Then
there are the pushcart vender 3of Park row
with their fruit ar.d clothing and books. On
the East Side, however, is found the home
of the pushcart. Fish, groceries, dry goods,
clothes, shoes, hats and domestic articles
are crowded together in long lines of carts
until the onlooker wonders how any store
keeper In the district manages to survive.
Dinners in Every Tongue,
A man can order a dinner in Xew York in
a full dozen different languages, the only pro
viso being that he knows the languages.
Every tongue apparently has a restaurant of
its own with \ta native dishes, cooks and
waiters. There is no better time to study the
foreign element than while they eat; the
dishes may not always appeal to one, but a
visit to the quaint dining-room will repay the
effort. The French restaurants are, of course,
generally known, so well in fact they are
losing their foreign flavor. Originally the
French cafes in New York were small, low
ceiled rooms, where everyone spoke French
and where it was the custom to follow dinner
with an impromptu concert to which any
guest was at liberty to contribute. But this
is a thing of the past. Chinatown still re
mains intensely Chinese and there one may
He la Too Great.
Sioux City Journal.
. Mr. - Cleveland' is, the only living, ex-preal
dent of. the United, States; , and' it 1; seems;' sad
to see. so many democrats trying to kill
him nit. _ '■ • ■■. ■"■ .-.-:-■■. ' ,'V' ,
water supply came through a row of -willow
•ogs laid on either side of the wall from
Jamaica pond into the heart of Boston. At
the point marked by this inscription there
was a sort of tank formed of oak boards that
would hold about three hogsheads of water,
and in it a small wooden plug was set. At au
alarm of fire the plug was drawn and the
fire engine took—what water it could get. The
words '-26 feet" indicated the force of the
water. There were iv all twenty or these
fire plugs in Boston. The word "hydrant"
LEATHER FIRE BUCKETS.
(From an old print.)
has in general supplanted the word "pluf,"
though I am told the latter is stilt used in
some of our cities.
A Great Fire in New York.
The fire of the Merchants' Exchange in 1535
was a great crisis in the development of the
city of New York. The water supply of the
city had been meager and miserable to aa
incredible degree. There were wells, but even
horses refused to drink the water from them;
the water was full of fllth; there was a tea
water pump which supplied drinking water,
then carried by carts all over the town. There
was a very scant aqueduct system by which
a poor supply of torackiah water was pumped
up from wells and carried by hollow log?
through a few streets. After this disastrous
fire the Croton water syetem was evolved and
' perfected. It was opened with a street pa-
rade, a formal dinner, a ball and a concert,
at which an anthem was sung having sue&
verses as these:
Water leaps, jfs if delighted,
While her conquered foes retire.
Pale contagion flies, affrighted.
With the baffled demon. Fire.
&t&az cMotst: (qosiSl
where or in any other manner there ie no
reason why I should not say so."
"Well?" answered the chief.
"Well, why not have the vault searched?"
"For what reason?"
"To discover who is lurking there, of
■'But why should I care who Is lurking
"Don't you care anything about catching
criminals in this part of the world?"
"We catch hundreds, but we do not look
for them in the cities of the dead. I wish
you good morning, sir!"
The official took it that I was either a fool
or a liar, and I was mad about it. How
ever, as I could do nothing without him, I
had about decided to let the matter drop,
when I ran across an American from Chicago.
When I told him the yarn he offered to ac
company me to the tomb. Arming ourselves
and taking candles, we set out for the cem
etery. It will still be remembered in Alex
andria what we discovered there. There was
a man asleep on the floor who proved to be
a notorious and much wanted robber, and
that sarcophagus was full to the brim with
spoils. He had robbed pedestrians, houses,
stores and even churches, and most of the
stuff was right there. My watch, pin, ring
and $200 in cash were only a small bit of
the plunder. That tomb was his hiding
place and his home, and he had depended
upon superstition to keep intruders away.
We marched him out a prisoner and gave
him up to the authorities. I was at flrs:
inclined to rub it in on the chief of police.
He twigged the fact, and with very sober
countenance turned on me with:
"Yes, you were telling me a straight story,
is appears, and you have made a capture for
which I thank you; but don't get too fresh
over it. Under the laws of Egypt I can have
you sent to prison for ten years for entering
a vault of the dead without official permis
sion. Do you see?"
I saw and had nothing more to say.
• get a real Chinese dinner, something that
cannot be done in the uptown Chinese res-
S taurants. There are several Greek restaurants
but they are seldom visited by others than
Greeks and the dishes are incomprehensible
alike to the American eye and stomach. The
Turkish and Spanish restaurants are alike
unfanviliar, the food being too fiery to suit
Americans. The German and Hungarian
restaurants meet with general favor, while
Vienna cafes and English ehopbouse* have
become so common they have lost tfceir
Little Is understood outside the city of th«
work done by the Legal Aid Society, really
one of the most important charities of our
metropolitan life. It gives law for nothing,
free advice, unpaid protection to the poor
against the unscrupulous rich, and it gives
thousands of dollars worth each yf-ar. Near
ly 15,000 cases were aided in 1900. against a
Httle over 9,000 cases the year before. Poor
people often need legal aid more than they
need food and clothing, and at times when a
lawyer's fee is entirely beyond their reach.
These are cases where the Legal Aid Society
comes in to advantage. It has Just com
pleted its twenty-fifth year and its work
has been extended to all the sections of th«
city where the poor and illiterate reside. Th«
most common complaints received by the
organization, coupled with requests for ass'st
ance, are for arrears of wages. There were
over 6,000 such complaints last year. Appli
cation to recover property, to recover for
breach of contract and for damages for per
sonal injuries also rang among the most num
erous. Many applications come from sailors
and are directed against dishonest landlords
and to obtain salvage and prize money.
Practically every nation in the world is rep
resented among the applicants, natives of this
country, however, leading the list.
—X. M. A.
Vain Quest for Backbone.
Japan's protest is somewhat weakened by
the belief that she wishes to find one alleged
Christian power with backbone enough to
stand by her before she begins to fight.