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THE NEW TAXIDIERMY
-NOT MERE STUFFING
It Is a Fine Art, Far in Advance of the Old
Mounting—Some Samples of
A ORBY POX.
" Mounted and photographed by H. W. Howliag.
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RED FOX, WITH DUCK IN HIS MOUTH. '.
Mounted by H, V?. Howling.
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A TIMBER KOLF PROM NORTHERN MINNESOTA.
Mounted tad photographed by H. W. Howling,
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NORTHERN MINNESOTA WILD CAT, VTLTH PREY.
Mounted by H. W. Howling.
Taxidermy is an art which does not re
ceive half the public attention which it
merits in the Dresent day. In a recent
article on the subject Professor W. T.
Hornaday, a recognized authority, has said
that it is at once the most vexatious and
most difficult of all the arts, beside which
painting and sculpture are mere pastimes.
It is within the last two decades that
taxidermy has undergone the wonderful
evolution which has placed It in the fore
front of the arts. Here, in the United
States, it has become a peculiarly valu
able adjunct of science in preserving with
absolute fidelity to life specimens of ani
mals rapidly becoming extinct owing to
the war of extermination, which sports
men have been allowed to wage against
The Art Taken Seriously.
The serious consideration of taxidermy
commenced with the organization of. the
Society of American Taxidermists at
Wards Natural Science Establishment,
Rochester, N. V., March 12, 1880. The eyes
of a discerning public were first opened
to the treasures of art, offered by taxi
dermy, at the big competitive exhibition
in New York in 1883. Since then taxi
dermy has steadily grown in favor. The
United States National Museum and the
American Museum helped place taxidermy
on the proud pinnacle it occupies to-day
by demanding the highest degree of per
. The stuffing process is a thing of the
past with the high art taxidermists, whose
work necessarily requires no small amount
of artistic skill. There are plenty of the
old school of "stuffers" still to be found,
but any connoisseur, who goes looking for
a model specimen of an elk, a deer, a
caribou or other wild animal, gives the
gentlemen of tho old school a very wide
The Use of the Maaniltia.
In order to counterfeit life—to make
the subject absolutely true to nature in
the smallest detail— the masters of the
art first become anatomists and then mod
elers in clay. . The new method uses the
"mannikln." This consists of . movable
rods, ribs of lath and muscles and tendons
of excelsior, which are wrought into the
final skeleton shape by the use of long
needles and an unlimited supply of twine
The skin of the subject is made to fit
the model, , which is constructed with i
faithful attention to the anatomy of the
animal being treated, a layer of soft mod
eling clay, which takes the place of flesh
in its smoothness and pliability, covering
the excelsior model. The taxidermist thus
becomes the absolute master of his sub
There are many so-called taxidermists
in Minneapolis to-day, but . most of , them
still adhere to the old methods, and most
of their subjects have the corpulent look
which was once.the distinguishing feature
of all specimens to be seen in taxidermists'
shops. - W/.
A Local Artist.
An artist in his line is H. W. Howling
of 415 Second street XE., one of the beot
known taxidermists In the west, whose
work takes high rank with the best which
the east can offer in his art. The ■accom
panying: cuts give an excellent idea of his
■ work. -He does all of his work with mannl
kins, over which he models a surface of
papier mache,. or clay, to which, when
dry and carved by hand, the skin is glued
down. Says Mr.. Howling: v
. My plan is t£> build a preliminary body of
staves— skeleton, -If you please, . around
which I, wind . excelsior, previous measure
ments and my knowledge of anatomy giving
me the proper idea of the contour and the
symmetrical outlines to be preserved. The
shoulders and legs are given their proper
shape with the clay, and the ordinary promi
nence of the muscles Is not overlooked. I
constantly discover Imperfections in my work,
even when it looks ready for the skin. It is
only, after repeated trials that I succeed in
making the skin fit the clay cover, when it is
sewed up and 'the specimen Is as near life
then in appearance as it is possible to
It -is only within the last decade that fur
rugs have been made artistic as well as use
ful. .Formerly the skull was .removed and
the head skin stuffed full of the old familiar
sawdust, the mouth being closely . sewed : up,
thus leaving to the head no resemblance to
the animal from which it was taken. Now
adays we boil and clean the skull and then
fit the skin tightly over the head piece. The
Jaws . are • distended at an • angle of forty-five
degrees and the mouth cavern is fitted with
red; papier mache tongue and gums, which
Impart to It a very lifelike appearance, which
becomes the more pronounced when you have
a pair of fierce eyes staring at you from be
neath • bushr . brows. >.
Improvement! ;In Eyes.
Speaking of eyes, there's whtr* a wonderful,
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOUBNAE.
stride haa been made in the taxidermist's art.
To-day the manufacturers of eyes have re
duced that art to such perfection that you
cannot tell the artificial eyes from those of
the living animal.
The Idea of Grouping;.
The museum group Idea for stuffed ani
mals met the disapproval of the judges at
the first exhibition of the S. A. T. in 1880.
Now many taxidermists, Mr. Howling
among them, make a specialty of group
ing wild animals and birds in perfectly
natural attitudes. At the very time the
Idea was adjudged impracticable by
American taxidermists,' the South Ken
sington Museum at London was being
supplied with a series of bird groups of
great artistic excellence —the most im
posing in the world.
The mounting of quadrupeds in "fam
ily" groups began at Wards in 1879, but
it was not until 1887 that it became pop
ular. All doubts as to the desirability of
the plan was swept away when the group
of buffalo was unveiled at the United
States National Museum. "That herd,'
said Mr. Howling, "Is so wonderfully life
like that it looks as though it had been
taken right off the plains."
In the National Museum there are three
groups by William Palmer which fairly
challenge admiration. They are com
posed of caribou, mountain sheep and
Great Series of (iroupN.
One of the most extensive series of
groups of American quadrupeds mounted
by Professor L. L. Dyche of the Univer
sity of Kansas, is to be put on exhibition
in a zoological museum for which the
legislature of that state has just appro
priated $150,000. .In these groups are
some magnificent specimens of moose, elk,
The "Gopher" in Gopher Skins
The "Gopher" the annual publication of
th 6 "U," will be out Tuesday. The print
ing was finished last week and the book
placed in the hands of the binder. There
was considerable delay here, however,
preventing the issuing of the book thia
week as had been planned. The delay was
due to the inability of the binder to pro
cure gopher skins which will be used on
the first front cover. When the unique
idea of having this symbolical binding was
first broached by the board of editors, it
was considered impracticable, as some
1,200 skins would be needed. The board,
however, had "set its cap" for the gopher
cover and insisted on having it. The
binder had no little difficulty in contract
ing for the skins, but finally .placed the
order with one of the leading fur houses
of the twin cities, which promised to de
liver the skins on the date set by the
binder. Either the hunters for gophers
were not active, or the little animals were
more discreet than usual, for the furrier
had to confess that he was unable to cap
ture enough to fill the order in the time
specified. The remainder will be in to
day or Monday and it is expected that the
book will be in the hands of subscribers
Some Xovel Futures.
While the Gopher must needs be very
like other Gophers and like other college
EBBS' • tJ£SsEBSSHsEBiSr^SR£££!SBBKSBB[^£BGSMB^- •■ •.
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ANGUS D. McKENNON,
annuals as far as its general make-up Is
concerned this year's book will have much
of local color, and of history that will be
of particular interest to the university
student of to-day, and especially to the
members of the junior class, under whose
auspices the publication is gotten out. The
binding will be something unique. The
various colleges in the university, the de
partments, the literary societies, the fra
ternities and the sororities will all have
splendid representation. The chronicle
of the year has been given special atten
tion by the board of editors, is very
bright, breezy and accurate. Because of
Minnesota's ascendency in the field of
athletics, this year's Gopher will give this
department a good showing, with a care
ful account of the past season on gridiron,
track and diamond.
The Board of Editors.
The board of editors of the '02 Gopher
Is composed of the following elected by
Managing editor, J. Claire Wyman.
Editor-in-chief, Angus D. McKinnon.
Business manager, Charles J. Brand.
Assistant business manager, Charles
IOWA LAW COLLEGE'S CHANCELLOR
/■ > • 5 A
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Professor Charles N. Gregory, Who Gives Up His Place as
. Assistant Dean of the Wisconsin Law School at Madison,
to Accept New Honors and Responsibilities in lowa.
caribou, mountain sheep and goats, all
of them Bhlot, measured, skinned and
mounted by the most energetic and suc
cessful hunter and taxidermißt who ever
went after North American big game.
There are other Interesting groups of
birds and quadrupeds at the Cory Mu
seum, Palm Beach, Florida, Cambridge
Museum of Comparative Zoology, the
Carnegie Museum, Pittsburg, the Mil
waukee Public Museum, and the Field
Columbian Museum, Chicago.
The Menage Collection.
The Menage collection of birds and
quadrupeds from the Philippines, which
has been on exhibition at the Minne
apolis public library for some years, is a
fair beginning in this city. The collection
includes the remarkable grouping of an
Davles' method of mounting fish is a
feature of taxidermy to which Mr. How
ling has paid particular attention. By
this method the fish is encased In a thin
gelatin mould, the natural colors, which
are not lasting, being then painted on
the covering. Mr. Howling has some fine
specimens of bass and spotted maskalonge
from Cass Lake, weighing, some of them,
as high as thirty-eight pounds. From
Hayward, Wis., he gets brown maska
longes weighing forty-five pounds. One
of these latter was mounted for Frank
Mann/m of the New York Life building.
The half-tone showing a fox in the act
of making off with a duck, was made
possible by the marksmanship of Mrs.
Shattiick, the famous Minneapolis rifle
shot. Mrs. Shattuck caught sly Reynard
in the act of carrying off a tame duck,
and she promptly dropped him with her
rifle. Mr. Howling has pictured the fox
and his prey in his last official act.
Artiat, Anna D. Blitz.
Assistant artist. Will McK. Baxter.
Associate editors, Lee O. Kellogg, Mary
F. Sanford, Elizabeth K. Andrews, Ruth
West, Adelaide Robbios. Will E. Grim
shaw, Carl Herri'k, Bertie Nelson, Frank
Silloway, Herman Drecksler, D. R. Miller,
Frank H. Tilson and Max VV. Buell.
Three Hard Workers.
The greater share of the work has fall
en on the three executive officers —the
managing editor, the editor-in-chief and
the business manager. Claire Wyman,
managing editor, is a Minneapolis boy,
sonof J. T. Wyman of 1029 Fourth street
SE. He is a member of the Chi Psi fra
ternity. He has had complete supervision
of the conduct of«the work of the as
sistants until within the past month,
when illness prevented active work with
the board. The editor-in-chief, Angus
McKinnon, is the son of Alexander Mc-
Kinnon, formerly of Crookston, Minn.,
but for the past two years a resident of
Minneapolis. Since Mr. Wyman's illness
the arduous and trying work of preparing
the manuscript lor the printer, making up
the forms and issuing the book, have fall
en to the editor-in-chief. The finances
of the publication have been in the hands
of Charles Brand, the business manager,
who cornea to the university from Big
J. CLAIRE WYMA>T,
Stone City, S. D.
Although the finished books have not
yet been sent out from the binder's, parts
of the publication Indicate that the
Gopher of the class of '02 will equal in ap
pearance, interest and accuracy any book
ever issued by the "U."
The Minnesota Daily, yesterday, under
the head "A Scoop a la Journal," pub
lishes the following concerning the con
tents of the Gopher:
Taken as a whole, the book is much the
same as previous Gophers. There are, of
course, sensational features, among them be
ing a delicate piece of fiction from the happy
pen of Allyn R. Cobbs, entitled "A Race for
Life; or, How Gilhllau Won Against Odds."
This is a beautiful story and will prove very
popular. A number of poems are included —
"Over the Rolling Prairie," by an author
comparatively unknown to the university
world, being particularly expressive. The
junior album shows a very neat and unique
arrangement and i& a credit to the engraver.
Sa/e for occasional "lapses," the literary
and artistic character of ths book Is up to
the usual high standard attained by past pub
"Queen of the Lake" With Her Christener and Captain
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eS Kr ■' r jciißaff'?™**
Prairie-skirt Big Stone has a new boat
—"Queen of the Lake" —designed simply
as a pleasure craft and so built as to
navigate shallow or deep water in all
kinds of weather. Sea-going battleships
and men-of-war are launched with display
and eclat. So, too, was Big Stone's new
steamer. Miss Clara A. Balsta christened
GREAT MEET OF
MEN WITH AXES
The Modern Woodman Head Camp
to Be a Monster Gath
No convention, save possibly that of the
G. A. R.. has ever attracted such atten
tion as is being accorded the Twelfth
Head Camp of the Order of Modern Amer
ican Woodmen to be held in St. Paul the
week of June 10. It is the biggest frater
nal society of the world, and of its 600,000
members, the states of Minnesota, lowa,
Wisconsin, Illinois. Michigan Nebraska,
Kansas, Missouri, and the Dakotas. fur
nish 450,000, or three-fourths. It is ex
pected therefore that the attendance will
be larger than the largest on record,
which was 67,000 at Kansas City two years
To such great proportions have these
national gatherings grown that it is pro
posed to hold them only every three years
instead of two years hereafter, because
of the expense Incurred, which this year
amounts to $150,000 for the per diem of
the delegates alone.
The arogram for the week really does
not begin until the formal opening of the
convention, or head camp as it is called,
Tuesday morning at the auditorium, but
the advance guard is expected to arrive as
early as Sunday, and the caucusing of
state delegations, and the arrival of For
ester degree teams is scheduled for Mon
day night. The business sessions are to
continue daily through the week, Thurs
day, the day of the parade excepted, until
the installation of new officers ou Satur
W. H. DAWSON, MINNEAPOLIS.
State deputy head donsul for Minnesota— the
oldest deputy on the force in the entire
jurisdiction, having been engaged in, the
field work for nearly sixteen years.
DAN DALY'S GOLF STORY
"Stage jokes are rarely made to order,"
said Dan Daly. "Mine turn up in all
sorts of queer ways. In a barroom the
other night I heard a fellow say he was
going to open a saloon on Broadway.
'Who did you every whip?' asked the bar
tender. Ttie next night I worked it into
The Girl From Up There,' and it gets a
bigger laugh than anything else I say.
My most successful stage joke—the golf
story— came to me by accident, too. One
afternoon 'while lounging about the Casino
stage I picked up a scrap of newspaper
that had evidently been used to wrap up
something. In glancing it over I found
the golf etory, credited to 'Exchange.' I
don't even know what paper it was, as
part of the page was torn off. It looked
like one of those patent insides used in
v 'The odd thing about it all was that 1
was never allowed to tell the whole story.
You know it goes on to explain that after
you hit tho ball you walk a mile, and that
if you find it the same day you win. At
that point the audience thought the climax
had been reached and laughed. The first
time I tried to finish the story, but no
body heard me and I never tried it again.
It would have been useless. The story
continues that if you don't find the ball
the same day you send your man to look
for it the next, and if he finds it, he wins.
"A-fter a while I saw that the audience
was right and that the story really ended
better where they insisted it should. At
first, though, it made me .pretty mad."
"North Coast Limited"
Resumes service on Northern Pacific next
Sunday, May 5, at 10:10 a. m. It carries
a superb electric-lighted Observation
Car, having library, buffet, bath and bar
ber shop and two smoking rooms in it.
Telephone your want ads to No. 9, either
line. You will be told the price and you
can send the money in.
SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 4, 1901.
the "Queen," and Editor John Keefe made
the formal address of the citizen's com
mittee and in its behalf presented Com
modore John F. Wein with an elegant
silver set. The Ortonvllle brass band let
go and the people shouted as with one
voice. The "Queen" is 20x85 feet,has double
deck, flat bottom and stern wheel. Her
The features in which the public will be
most interested will be the parades by the
Forester teams, with their bands which
are to occur each evening, and the con-
tests for iirizes between them which be
gin Wednesday. For the best drilled
team $500 is offered, $400 for the second,
$300 for the third, $200 for the fourth, $100
for the fifth, $75 for the sixth and $50 for
the seventh, for teams outside of St. Paul,
while prizes of $300, $150 and $75 will be
offered St. Paul teams, and $300, $150 and
$75 for band prizes.
The Foresters are to be in camp at Uni
versity avenue and Victoria street, and it
is expected their number will reach 5,000.
Major General J. N. Recce of Illinois will
be in command and the camp will be con
ducted on strictly military lines. There
will be dress parades and daily exhibition
Tuesday night Compeny C, of the Third
regiment, Duluth, is to give a drill of
nations in the correct uniforms of each at
the Auditorium. Wednesday night Unity
camp of St. Paul will exemplify the secret
work of the order. Thursday morning the
big parade will occur, after which it is
expected there will be some athletic
events for prizes at the state fair grounds.
In the evening a grand ball takes place
at the Auditorium. Friday there will be
an excursion to Hotel St. Louis at Lake
Minnetonka. The Forester degree teams
will also visit Minneapolis that day, it is
7. W. WMITM, ROCK FALLS, ILL.
A vetermn member of the national board of
directors, who was appointed general attor
ney of the order In July, 1899.
JERRY LOVEJOY BURRO OF ARIZONA
Arrayed la purple «ad flae linen, lor his prea flotation, to' Postmaster Ixrvejoy.— by A,- , /
machinery is modern and her convea*
iences for passengers unsurpassed' by
boats of her size. Commodore Wein con
templates making regular daily trips to
Bruin' 3 Valley and return on schedule
time, stopping at all intermediate points.
He can carry 300 passengers, and SOU or
more with his new barge attached.
...... - ,
W. A. N TORTHCOTE, GREEXVTLLE, ILL.,
Head consul, ML, W. of A. He has held the
position of chief executive of the order for
eleven years, and has been indorsed by the
Illinois ramp for re-election. He Is serv
ing his second term as lieutenant governor
of Illinois, aud will preside over the head
expected and give a parade.
The Woodmen of St. Paul have raised
a fund of $15,000 to expend in entertain
ing. Sixth and Cedar streets are to be
illuminated -with festoons of incandescent
lights, three to each square, while at the
Auditorium and the Hotel Ryan will be
fine electric displays emblematic of the
order, including a hugh ax fifty feet long,
made ot incandescent lights.
The_ reviewing stand for the parade i 9
to be located at the Ryan Hotel on Sixth
street and at least six governors of state 3
are expected among the dignitaries, and
possibly President McKlnley, if he can
be prevailed upon to change his route upon
his return from California so as to in
clude St. Paul. The anticipations for the
week's attendance run as high as 100,000.
Already 2,000 applications for rooms have
been received, although the convention ia
six weeks distant.
I ■:- 1 ' * * ■' ■■■■1: ' ■>:'; , ■-.-. ' - '*Q[sTr^Sf^ * '
F. O. VAN COLDER, SYCAMORE, ILL.
He has been editor of the Modern "Woodman
for six years, and is one of the best know*
men in the order.