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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, May 04, 1901, Journal Junior, Image 22

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045366/1901-05-04/ed-1/seq-22/

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manuscripts by hand. The revival of learning gave an impetus to
all branches of work. - Minds were quickened and new ideas and
thoughts sent vibrating through r the countries ' preparatory to -
scientific discoveries and inventions and grand literatures. Na
tions gradually grew more tolerant toward each other, as their
minds and thoughts were broadened, and indirectly trade and
commerce were also benefited.
••" ■ When men began to take delight in books we find the intem
perance and grosser pastimes of the sixteenth century dying out.
But its most inestimable value to mankind lies in the fact that
it rendered aid in teaching the people \ true Christianity by
printing the Bible. Not even the best lawyer would think of
practicing law without . first giving the subject \ his
earnest study and neither can people really under
stand religion 1 without a personal knowledge of its. laws
and history. Before this. time Christianity had. sunk to a mere
matter of forms and the Latin prayers of the priests, which
could not be expected to help the uneducated people much. For
these reasons the invention of printing is my choice.
—Katharine Talbot Finkle,
High School. ' ' - ■ . . - " . Moorhead, Minn-
Few Could Bead and Write.
. . (Honorable Mention.)
The discovery of America was mucn more important to the
fifteenth century than the invention of printing. The : principal .
~~ reasons are that very few people knew how to read and write,
the knowledge being confined principally to the religious orders
and the principal traders. There were great; numbers of poor,
unemployed people and adventurers, and the Americas opened
up a new field for these. The invention of printing was of in
terest only to such learned men as the monks and those men
who spent their lives in searching for knowledge. The discovery
of America gave a new impulse to learning and furnished a new ,
field for the student. Men, encouraged by the success of Colum- ,
bus, set out in all directions to discover and explore. The results
of these expeditions and what they saw were printed and eagerly -
read and caused other men to seek a way to the new world. There \
came about this time a desire to learn of older days, when Greece
and Rome ruled the world, but at first oaly the monks and
learned men were interested in this. The merchants and naviga
tors were more interested in the theories of the size and shape
of the earth. There was a great demand for; new markets, and
Spain, just recovering from her long war with the Moors, wanted -
gold to fill her empty treasury. Also there were many who. hav
ing served in the war, were asking pay and new employment, and
these things in some degree induced Queen Isabella to assist: the .
man who talked of finding gold by the shipload. .'. As soon as the
news came that Columbus had discovered a new continent all na
tions were eager to gain a foothold and so began the coloaiza
tion period of the new world. —Grace Rollins.
Seventh Grade, Rochester, Minn.
'^:-4/-- ."" - ' *
From Flat to Hound.
(Honorable . Mention.).
The discovery of America was more important to the people S
©f the fifteenth century for many reasons. It taught the people
more about geography. They found out that the earth was;
1 round, not flat, as they always had thought. It helped the people
of Europe to get more territory and taught them that there were
other people in the world of whom they knew nothing. The
Pilgrims had a place of refuge, but if America had not been dis
covered th? 7 would have had to live in Europe and obey the
laws of their king or queen. Printing was a, very great and good
invention and taught the people many things, but.the people of •
the fifteenth century did not care much. about their education.
Printing helps us much more than it did the people of the cen
tury in which it was discovered, for we read more than they did.
-j-r-r. ■: . . ;,. ■- —Eva Miller, -IV S
Fifth Grade. . Lorrg Prairie. Minn.
X
From All Parts of the Globe.
The discovery of America was more important than the in
tention of printing. America has proved to be the home of friend
less people, for those who could not have the religious freedom
" they wanted in Europe, and those who were persecuted and im
prisoned for the debts they could not pay. This country has
proved to be a most desirable home for people . from : nearly
all parts of the globe. America has raised some of the most
intelligent men in the world and if printing had not been in
vented when it was some of them would have invented it.
—Mayme Mayer,
Seventh Grade. Staples, Minn.
Work of the Monks.
Printing did the people of the fifteenth century more good
than the discovery of America. About the time when. the art of
Northwestern Topics.
For Saturday, May IS:
"YOUR FAVORITE NAMES. WHY?"
All of us have certain names which we think are pret
tier than any others in the world. What are yours for
boy and girl? Why? Is it because you think the names
are pretty in themselves or because they have been borne
by some one of whom you think a very great deal, or
why? The papers must be mailed so as to reach the office
not later than
Friday Morainp, May 10.
They must be strictly original, written in ink, on one
side only of the paper, not more than 300 words in length,
marked with the number of word 3 and signed with the
grade, school, name and address of the writer. The
papers must not be rolled.
For Saturday, May 25:
"A NOTABLE MEMORIAL DAY? WHY?"
Memorial Day is a holiday peculiar to the United
States and associated with events which are peculiarly
American. There is always a general public observance
of it, and so there must sometime have been something
specially interesting for each of you to write about. Per
haps it was not a happening connected with the day's
celebration, but if it happened on that day, and is of
enough account to make you remember that one Me
morial Day especially, it will answer the demands of the
topic all right. The papers must be mailed so as to reach
the office not later than
Friday Morning, May 17.
They must be strictly original, written in ink, on one
side only of the paper, not more than 300 words in length,
marked with the number of words and signed with the
grade, school, name and address of the writer. The
papers must not be rolled.
THE JOURNAL JUNIOR. MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, MAY 4. 1901.
printing from movable blocks was invented, the revival' of class
ical learning was convulsing Europe. The only books were then
written by the monks and only the richer classes could afford to =
buy them, but* when printing from movable blocks was invented
all this was revolutionized and soon in all parts of the country
people were at work printing books with the new process. If this
had not happened the enthusiasm for learning would, have died
out, just as \\ did with the crusades a few centuries before, and
the modern world would have been the loser.
While the discovery of America did not help the people of the
fifteenth century to any great extent, yet it dispelled their fears
and superstitions concerning the great ocean across which no one
had ever sailed. It was not till the first of the seventeenth cen
tury that the discovery of America began to affect the countries •
of Europe, and for that reason printing is by far the greater of
the two. —Frank Kendall, .\
Tenth Grade. Warren, Minn. . ;
*
The Land of the Free. '■>"■".
r - I consider the discovery of America far greater than the in
vention of printing by John .Gutenberg,. because it was of greater
benefit to everybody. True, it would have been hard to get along
without printing, but it would have been harder to get along
without America. The discovery of America gave a place of
Maxims
Of »
Great
Emperor
Marcus
Aurelius
refuge to the persecuted of every nation and to this land of. the
free came rich and poor alike. Even if we had the knowledge
of printing and America had not been discovered, it would . be
of little use. for the rich would have everything and the poor
would be so tyrannized over that J. doubt if they would have ,
a single book or newspaper. > In America the poor have almost
as many as the rich. : —Mary Kane
A Sixth Grade. Belle Plain*, Minn.
District No. 4:2. : v :" - ..
ft
Rich and Poor "Alike. ,
The discovery of America in- 1492 meant very little to the
poorer class of' people, for they bad nothing with which to pay
their passage or anything with which to make a living if they
came here. To the richer class it was a place in ' which to
invest their money, \ and many fruitless expeditions, were sent
out. When printing was invented in the latter part of the fif
teenth century it brought a new world.of. enlightenment to the-.,
people, rich and poor. When papers were first brought out the
poor people knew nothing whatever of the world around them.
The Bible was printed, and though at a great cost, it was pur
chased by great numbers, who before that time had never seen
one. Printing changed the people from barbarians to civilized
„n ations. - Therefore, though at present it may seem that the dis
covery had more to do towards the enlightenment of the world
than the invention of printing, in the fifteenth century print
ing had far more influence upon civilization than the discovery
of America. v-- =-- ■• —Arthur Kerr,
Tenth Grade. • '- • - Worthington, Minn.
, *.;-•-•
' Old Theories Upset.
- During the fifteenth century : the discovery of America did
more "good than printing. Printing did not amount to much at
this time, as it was very slow and hard work. The Bible was
printed for the first time in ' 1455. . The ; discovery of America
caused the great nations to send men to explore- America and to
enlarge their territories. .It killed the old theories about the '
earth being flat, about monsters and Serpents stationed at the :
end of the sea to destroy all ; things that came there, and water
boiling at some places. The people learned that the earth was
round, and sailors ceased to be afraid to go on voyages far from
land. i=-'i^- ■•"-"•"■■,. —Ivan Valgamore,
Eighth Grade. - Jackson, Minn.
i . - - -. ft
First In Time and Importance. •
: In my opinion printing had more effect upon the people of
the fifteenth century than the discovery of America. The dis
covery of ' America occurred .at the end of the century, while
printing was invented. in the first half. Therefore the discovery
of America could not have very, far reaching effects rin the few
years : that remained of- the \ century; besides It effected only; a
few adventurers and kings who wished ;to extend their do-
V mains. It had no marked effect upon the people as a whole until ■
many years later. :. Printing, on the other hand, had a very dis- .
tinct influence. Books were produced at a much : smaller ex
pense than was possible formerly, and consequently a much
greater part of the people read them, and thereby [ were raised
out of the ignorant state' in which „ they were at this. time. It.
greatly aided the revival of learning, by ■ printing the ideas ;of
learned men at a cost which enabled the greater part of the
; people to read them, and by stimulating a desire to gain knowl
edge. -: Had 'it • not been for the artr of printing, \ the discovery
of America would not have been known to the world so soon.
" The reformation would probably not have become a fact in his
tory, and people would have been in their ignorant state for cen
turies longer than they were. .' In fact, printing ;is the:greatest
invention recorded in the annals of history.
—August I. Bystrom,
"* Tenth Grade. ' '- ''^ ' - Warren, Minn.
ft
Without One or «ie Other. "1
| The invention of printing and the discovery, of America have.
:i both hadvery much to do with the education r of the world. But
■taking into consideration the ; effect on the world 'in ; the; early
- centuries printing has produced better results. If; America had _
been discovered ; and printing had not . been invented the people
'- could have settled here just as .well, but - they would not have re- ;
' ceived such a good educational influence as they did .when print
ing was invented. Books could . not have: been read at so little •
Be neither slave nor tyrant to anybody.
Be always doing something serviceable
to mankind, and let tKis constant generos
ity be your only pleasure.
That which is not for the interest of the
whole swarm is not for the interest of the
single bee.
Men are born to be serviceable to each
other, therefore either reform the world
or bear with it.
Consider that our anger and impatience
often strove much more mischievous than
the things about which we are angry or
impatient.
, cost, and the majority of the people would have known very little.
about the world and have been, for the most part, ignorant. - If
America had '-■. not : been . discovered the people in - Europe, with
the help ; ot printing ito educate themselves," would have gone
along very well without America. Therefore, taking everything
into consideration, printing had the greater and better in
fluence on the people. - —Victoria Anderson,
Eighth Grade. Renville, - Minn.
■ - -.. ■ * ' V • ~
A Place of Refuge.
The discovery of America was of much more importance than v
the invention of printing. One reason* is because it has given
so many people a home. If America had not been discovered the
Puritans would not have had a place to go where they could
worship as they liked. Besides, printing is not so important as
the discovery of America because books could be written by hand
if it were necessary. - ' —Sadie Wood, -
A Fifth Grade, 773 Pascal Ay., Hamline, Minn.
Hancock School.
Paved the Way.
The discovery of America did more for the people in the
fifteenth century than the invention of printing. If America had
not been discovered the pilgrims would not have had a chance to
come over here and serve God a3
they wished. They had a chance to
get more land, build churches and
worship God as they wished to. They
also helped to civilize the Indians.
—Homer Horton,
Stewartville, Minn.
Fifth Grade.
Not a Sea of Darkness;
The discovery of America and the
invention of printing. have done so
much for the world that it is hard
to tell which is the greater or which
has done the more good. What has
the discovery of America done? After
the time of Columbus it gave em
ployment to a great number of men.
Men who could not find work at
home turned their eyes to America,
and, in fact, that is what they do
to-day. It proved that the world
was round and that the Atlantic was
not a sea of darkness. Later on it
gave a homo to those who were
persecuted either for their religious
or their civil views. Let us now see
what printing has done. It has en-
lightened and educated the world by
giving us books and other reading matter. Before the time of
printing a book was a rare thing and only the wealthiest could
possess one. But printing has changed this by putting books and
papers within the reach of all. Without printing there would
be no schools or great institutions of learning. Printing ha 3
done more for the world than any other thing.
—Cora M. Lykken,
Ninth Grade. Grafton, N. D,
ft
Home* Across the Atlantic.
Printing was a great event in the fifteenth century, but the
discovery of America was more important. We could have got
ten along without printing, but it would be very hard to get
along without America. The poor people in foreign countries
who were persecuted on account of their religion came to
America and found a home. The poor people in England, who
were put into prison because they could not pay their debts,
came over to America, where they were not disturbed. Before
the discovery of America there were so many people in the eld
world they could hardly raise enough food to keep them, but
after the new world was discovered they had no more difficulty
as nearly everything could be raised in America.
—Ruth Sargent,
A Eighth Grade. 313 Housten Ay., Crookston, Minn.
ft
More Good Points.
Both the discovery of America and the Invention of print*
ing had great effects on the people of that day. When printing
was invented a great many more books and pamphlets came into
use, thereby affording an opportunity for the people to secure
reading and find out the news of the day. The discovery of
America made Spain the most powerful nation in Europe through
th© precious metals she obtained in Mexico. America gave
Europe prodircts and luxuries of immense value, it caused the
peasants of Europe to come to this country and obtain land that
they could own. America afforded new possibilities and oppor
tunities to all. Summing up the points on both sides the dis
covery of America was the more important.
Eighth Grade, —Thomas Mangan.
Lincoln School. Morris, Minn.
The Value Not Realised.
_ During the fifteenth century the great value of the discovery
of America did not impress the people very much. As for print
ing, much attention was paid .to this new ■ art. It benefited the
people greatly, for it saved labor and expense, not to mention
the time which it took to produce books and other printed mat
ter. The new world did not benefit the old, but rather caused
more trouble and expense. Nothing profitable was brought back
from America and ; a great deal of expense was attached to the -
planting of colonies. I therefore can see no reason why printing
did not benefit the people of the fifteenth century the more.
—John Cashel,
Eighth Grade. Graf ton, N. D.
- A Wide and Fertile Expense. _... -
The discovery of America was a wonderful event. It gave
r such a wide . and fertile expanse Qf country for civilization to
spread upon that. we have become one of the greatest nations
of the earth. Printing was the greatest invention: of the age.
There never has been anything invented that was so universally
adopted by the world. I:am ; inclined } to believe that , the dis
covery of America was more beneficial to the people of that age;
than printing was, because in that age there was much ignorance
among the people and they thought more of a new country than
of printing. . .. \ . —Harriet Varner, ■
• B Sixth Grade, • Golden Valley. Minn.
Oak Grove School.
*S
One Led to the Other.
."■';. To the people of the fifteenth century the invention of print
ing was of the greater importance. During the revival of learning
schools were established in Italy, France and England. About
this time. printing was :invented and ' many books were published.
People were anxious to learn. They studied and asked questions
about the ; size.and: shape of the earth. In this way Columbus -;
was set to thinking upon the same subject and in time discovered ••
America. For this . reason we may ;say; that'-the" invention of

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