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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, May 18, 1901, Part II, Image 12

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VIST IX
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JOURNAL JUNIOR
PACIFIC BOTANICAL STATION
Professor Conway MacMillan Gives Light on
the Exact Status of This Interesting
Institution.
Several articles have appeared In the
twin city papers recently concerning the
Pacific coast botanical station which we
are establishing on Vancouver island.
These have been more or less erroneous
and it has seemed best to publish an au
thentic statement concerning the enter
prise bo that it may be plainly understood
by all who are interested. In the first
place It is not connected with the Uni
versity of Minnesota at the present time,
except in so far as its promoters are
connected with that Institution. Last
winter I laid plans before Governor
John S. Pillsbury and President Cyrus
Korthrop and learned that they viewed
with approval the general project. 1 have
kept them Informed of its progress, but it
lias been our ambition to put the station
en it* feet before asking the university
-^v a" * » • Wat**
w^B**^ I^^^^HH Bbc >»..-.«^^f>- -« *^t^fc . ■ -~% «_»sP^^^
CARPENTER AT WORK ON THE BEACH, SHAPING ROOF TIMBERS FOR THE STA
TION BTJ ILDINQS.
In any formal -way to become responsible
for it. This, it -was thought, -would be a
pleasing variation of the usual method
in suoh enterprises and would be more
likely to commend the project to the re
gents than if they were asked to bear the
risks themselves.
A. Very Modest Enterprise.
Again, the enterprise Is really a very
jnodest one and has been unduly magni
fied by comparisons with such wealthy and
long established marine stations as those
of Naples and Liverpool. The Minnesota
station Is simply a camp on a shore ex
traordinarily favorable for marine inves
tigations. The station buildings when
completed ■will remind one of an ordinary
Minnesota logging camp. Accommoda
tions have been provided for about eighty
people, and nearly or quite half that
dumber nave signified their Intention of
li__ . _____ __,
VIEW OF POINT RENFREW, B. C, SHOW
KIVER AND THE PO
Joining the party for the season of 1901.
The location at Port Renfrew (which is
not, as mistakenly stated a few evenings
ago, a naval staton of the Brtsh govern
ment, but some fifty miles farther north
than Esquimalt) is aout the most perfect
situation geographically that could
be found for our purposes on
the Pacific coast. It was sug
gested that the vicinity of Seattle
might have been chosen, but this would
have shut us off from easy access to the
Pacific ocean. J. M. Macoun, the gov
ernment botanist of Canada, suggested
Barkley sound on the west coast of Van
couver island as a preferable locality, but
this seemed too far from the waters of
Puget sound. Our aim was to establish
the station so that it would be accessible
both to sound and ocean waters and the
m
THE POINT BEHIND WHICH THE STATION IS LOCATED.
Port Renfrew district fulfilled all the
conditions.
I ses of Such a Station.
An idea of the nature of the station in
connection with a department of botany,
and its utility may be conveyed, perhaps
as well as in any other way, by a quo
tation from an address on the nature, or
ganization and work of a modern botanical
Institute delivered at the university last
•winter, in which it was said:
"For the inland botanical institute a
marine station is of the utmost value:
for the institute of a temperate country
the tropical station is helpful; for the
institute in the lowlands the mountain
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOUIPAL.
station lias its uses; for the iiretitute in
a well-watered region the desert station
is a source of great assistance. At such
stations advanced students will receive
most vitalizing impressions and the prob
lems of their own regions will come before
them in new and interesting lights. The
primary object of the station may thus
be accomplished both in the fields of in
struction and research.
It is a matter of experience that Bta
tions in connection with a botanical in
stitute raise the tone of its work in a
very marked degree and they are main
tained in connection with all institutions
of the first rank. Their oversight pre
sents a number of special problems and
•their management requires somewhat the
same attention to detail that is needed
in the establishment of a branch of some
mercantile or financial concern, such as a
department store or an insurance office.
A successful station will furnish ma
terials and problems for research; it will
stimulate and create enthusiasm; it will
promote the solidarity and spirit of co
operation in the institute; it will broaden
and invigorate the capacity for receiving
and Imparting instruction, it ■will neu
tralize tendencies to ultra-specialism; it
will keep the work of the institute In
close sympathy with nature; and it will
make its influence felt in every expres
sion of institute life."
Study of Mountain Vegetation.
A great advantage of the Pacific coast
over the Atlantic lies in the magnificent
opportunity of studying mountain vege
tation en route. Our party will go via
the Canadian Pacific rfcilway, stopping off
NO MOUNTAIN'S ALONG THE GORDON
STOFFICE BUILDING.
at Banff on the westbound trip and at
Glacier and Field upon the eastward jour
ney. This will enable the members of
th» party to familiarize themselves with
a great variety of facts, not only botani
cal but geological and physiographical,
that would altogether escape them upon a
journey to the Atlantic coast. In the com
paratively tame scenery of the Alleghenies
the phenomena of the timber line, the
snow line, the glacier and the avalanche,
in their relaticn to plant distribution,
cannot be studied. Besides the Atlantic
coast is somewhat hackneyed, stale and
uninteresting in botanical lines when com
pared with the virgin shores of the north
Pacific.
Enconraglng Assurances.
In entering upon the organization of
what is hoped '- be a permanent estab
lishment, it was very encouraging to re
ceive numerous expressions of interest
and assurances of assistance from many
distinguished and influential Canadians.
So many leters have been received that
it is possible to quote from but a few.
D. M. Eberts, attorney general of British
Columbia writes: "Kindly let me know
in what way I can at any time be of ser
vice to you and allow me to express my
hearty interest in and good wishes for the
success of your researches." A. J. Pineo.
president of the Western University of
Canada, says: "I iam deeply interested
in the report that you are establishing
a botanical station on the west coast of
SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 18, 190 L
Some Specimens of Work by Students in the
Minneapolis School of Fine Arts.
The school year of the Minneapolis
School of Fine Arts closed yeßterday, and
to-night the farewell reception of the
students to their friends and to the So
ciety of Fine Arts will be given in the
public library gallery and the rooms of
the school. The affair will be wholly In
formal with music and a minuet arranged
by Misses Cook and Knowlton. Dr. Hoa
mer will make an address. The feature
of the evening eagerly looked forward to
will be the announcement ot the winners
of the scholarships of next year. There
were six competitors for the Chase schol
arship in New York and many for the two
scholarships in the school. One of these
was established by William Hinkle and
the other by the pupils of the school.
In the rooms of the school will be hung
a collection of the work of the year, rep
resenting each pupil. Specimen work from
each class will be shown. This exhibi
tion will remain In place all of next week,
and is open to the public free. In addi
tion to arranging and hanging this ex
hibition, Director Koehler has been se
lecting work this week to send to the
Pan-American exhibition, where the
school is to have 200 feet of wall space In
the Minnesota building. A tine collec
tion will be arranged, including the work
of this and previous years.
The year just closing has been the most
successful in the history of the school,
the number of pupils in the regular
classes reaching 150, the high-water
mark. All of the classes except the free
Saturday night class show gains.
An interesting event of the week, show
ing the regard felt for the director, waa
the action of the pupils in purchasing one
of Mr. Koehler's paintings for the school.
It will hang for the present in the public
gallery, but is the property of the school.
The plan was a complete surprise to Mr.
Koehler, who knew nothing of it until
the committee visited him at his home
to make its selection.
The picture selected is a character
study of an old woman and It is espe
cially valuable from a student's stand
point, excelling in points of technique
difficult to acquire. It Is strong and
vigorous, quiet in color and simple
in composition. The dignified head
shows a kindly wrinkled face, framed in
white hair, drawn down in straight,
severe bands under a black bonnet. The
picture was painted in Munich juet twenty
years ago.
Vance Thompson, in last week's Satur
day Evening Post, writing from Paris,
gives the gratifying news that the French
government has purchased for the Luxem
bourg a painting by a former Minneapolis
artist, some of whose early pictures are
owned here. Lionel Walden, the artist
in question. Is the son of Rev. Treadwell
Walden, formerly of this city, and his
sister married G. A. Atnsworth of Min
neapolis. Mr. Thompson says:
I am no great admirer of the French gov
ernment of the day, for I am too good a
patriot to believe In cosmopolitanism and I
have never seen anything admirable In break
ing church windows. When I was a young
ster there was one bad boy in our neighbor
hood. I know he was bad. because he used
to throw stones at the minister's cat. The
socialists un-l internationalists who rule
France to-day are too much like that bad
boy to suit my conservative tastes. Still they
are good nv»n in their way. Their theories
aside, they act like decent fellows, instructed,
art-loving men and Frenchmen. Every now
and then th^ government announces that it
has bought seme picture and —by placing it
in a public gallery—given it to the people
and the world.
Not one great American painter of the day
is unrepresented In tLe national art galleries
of France. Look at the Luxembourg, with
its collection —finer than any in the Untted
States—of pictures by our best men, Whistler,
Sargent and a score of others. He, too,
works for his country who only stands and
paints.
However, while the best of the great
American artists' work is being bought in by
the French government to enrich France, the
government of our own country is quite un
concerned. And in a few years what would
we not give for Whistler's "Portrait of My
Mother," for Walden's "Cardiff Docks," for
Sargent's "Carmencita" —a king's ransom, my
friends. And that is the right kind of pat
riotism —the national preservation of the
works our men have made. It makes for the
future. Seed may be sown on a canvas as
well as on the prairies of the middle west. All
this means that the French government has
bought Lionel Wald?n's last salon picture—
that should have gone to the new home of art
that some statesman will found some day or'
other In Washington, D. C.
The committee soliciting money for the
purchase of Robert Koehler's picture,
"The Strike." is meeting with gratifying
success, and report that it has already
raised about half the sum required. That
it has been done so quietly is a proof
that the enterprise met with general ap
proval. The picture was described in the
daily papers and the project of buying it,
to become the property of the city, was
explained. A soliciting committee was
then appointed and generous contributions
followed. Some of these contributions
were obtained without interviews other
than over the telephone. This ready re
sponse should be placed to the credit of
the Minneapolis public.
To certain people not yet approached
this committee will mail circular letters,
and it is expected the remaining half of
the sum required may soon be reported
as obtained. This circular will be pub
lished In the local papers next week, and
everyone ho reads it is asked to con
sider it as addressed to himself and to
respond as generously as may be in a
subscription. To simplify the work of col
lecting, the committee suggests that con
tributions be sent to E. C. Gale, Guaranty
building, and every such contribution will
be duly credited.
this island. If it Is in my power at any
time to be of assistance in any way I shall
be glad to make my services available."
Bishop Edward Cridge of Victoria writes:
"I wish your enterprise every success and
if in any way I can advance its objects
it will give me great pleasure." The lord
bishop of British Columbia writes: "I
rejoice to hear of the prospects of a bo
tanical institute's being established on
this island and shall be happy to show my
interest in any way in my power."
Sir Henri P. Joly de Lotbiniere, lieuten
ant governor of British Columbia, says;
"I am glad to see that this project Is on
the point of realization and I sincerely
wish you all success." Richard Meßride,
minister of mines, says: "At all times It
will be a source of pleasure to me to give
your undertaking any assistance in my
power." John H. Turner, minister of
finance and agriculture of British Colum
bia, trusts "that such an institution will
be very successful here and I think It
will have every assistance from the peo
ple of British Columbia." The mayor of
Victoria, through the city clerk, writes
that he trusts that every facility will be
afforded us by the provincial government
and assures us of his own gratification
and that of the city council. The late
George M. Dawson, director of the geolog
ical survey of Canada, wrote Just before
his much-regretted demise to express the
interest he felt in the undertaking and
assured us of his readiness to assist. Syd- (
ney Fisher, minister of agriculture for
the Dominion, writes: "I can well be
lieve that your work will be useful to our
province and I am glad to see that such
ar. opportunity will be given for investi
gation." From the government botanists,
Messrs. John and J. M. Macoun, ther© Is
a cordial expression of Interest, and from
Professor Penhallow of McOill university
and Jeffries of the University of Toronto,
}two of the most distinguished botanists
In America, I have letters of great friend
liness and encouragement. From the
librarian of British Columbia and from
the curator of the magnificent British
IB
'mm
• * lift
SKETCH OP A HEAD, BY GEORGE WV DARLINO,
f I ■ -- - p
BTUDY FROM THE NUD^I BY JESSIE CAMPBEII*,
Columbian museum I have had letters and
words of unqualified interest and support.
The aotion of the parliament of British
Columbia in voting -an appropriation for
the road to the station, a measure which
was passed during my recent visit to Vic
toria, gave substantial evidence of the
friendly feeling towards our enterprise,
and 1 -was assured by. W. C Wells, chief
,■'-.v - - - ■
ONE OP THE BOTANICAIi STATION
BUILDINQS IN PROCESS OF ERECTION.
commissioner of land* and -works for Brit
ish Columbia, that ■it "was a pleasure to
the government to do what *It : could to
further our enterprise. /y ■ "":'
The party for the coast will leave Min
neapolis the 15th of June, remaining about
a month" on the seashore. ' It Is hoped
that the initial season may t» very suc
cessful in ©very respect. -'■-„
r ■ —Ckraway MacMUlan,
THERE WAS NEGRO BLOOD
IN THE MAN SHE LOVED
Why Miss Lizzie Rector Broke Her Engagement
to Dr. Wilkerson—A Story of Human
Interest.
Jersey City, May 18.—Blood has told
a tale that has brought misery to a
woman and to a man who love each other,
but who have broken their engagement
because in the veins of the man there
flows a drop or two of negro blood from
an ancestor generations in the past. So in
the famous old Rector homestead, in Jer
sey City, pretty Miss Lizzie has tearfully
put away all hopes of the coming summer
day when she was to have been married
to young Dr. Thoma3 T. Wilkerson, whose
dark eyes and black hair are now signifi
cant only of that strain of negro ancestry
that no one had suspected till his own
honor had made him confess it.
The Rectors are one of the prominent
families in Jersey City. Dr. Pierson Rec
tor, who died seven years ago,was one of the
leading physicians in Jersey City, and his
borne, at 100 Grand street, was the center
of social life. His son, Dr. Josehp M. Rec
tor, followed in his father's professional
footsteps. Young Dr. Rector has a large
practice, having married and made his
home In the most fashionable neighbor
hoods. One of the "Rector girls" mar
ried Dr. Charles D. Hill and lives next
to the old house, in Grand streeet. Miss
Lizzie, the second daughter, who is now
21 years old, is a favorite in the society
of that city.
'*■*■'* "* ' '-*'"-' ".._._* J. I . ""__ _'..'•. _ '
BTUDY OF A HEAD BY MISS KNOWLTON, % .
BTUDY IN THE LIFEC LASS BY D. W. POWL.ER,
After Dr. Rector's death Mrs. Rector
turned the homestead in Grand street into
a fashionable boarding house. Two years
ago young Dr. Wilkerson went to board
there, having been introduced by one of
the sons. Dr. Wilkerson was the head of
the United States Dental association, at
Warren and Montgomery streets. He wa?
then 32 years old, tall, athletic and hand
some, moving in the best social circles.
His Jet-black hair, dark complexion and
dark eyes made him strikingly handsome,
since no one then guessed their origin.
To this he added a charming personality.
The expected happened. Miss Lizzie and
Dr. Wilkerson fell in love. About a year
ago their engagement was announced and
met with cordial approval. They were to
have been married in the coming summer.
But two months ago Dr. Wilkerson told his
fiancee a story that wrecked their happi
ness. He acted as a man of honor, black
or white, would act.
He told Miss Lizzie that, generations
back, there had been a strain of African
blood in his family. It was the sad old
tale of slave days. Every since the time
of his grandmother the black strain had
been lost in the white till all remem
brance of it had been lost. He had lived
the life of a white man among gentlemen.
To all practical purposes he was a white
r-1 '
***RtfiIESOTA
SOCIETY.
man In manners, in habits, in looks. But
he felt that honor demanded that he tell
this woman of the taint in his ancestry.
Acted Like a Man of Honor.
It Is probable tbat Mis 9 Rector, coming
from a family of doctors, knew of the way
even a slight strain of African blood
sometimes concentrates In a child of some
later generations. It may be that her
brother told her. There was no reproach.
They decided that they could never marry.
To the man came the comfort of knowing
that he had played the gentleman, but the
girl has no such comfort. She only knows
that she has lost the man she loves, that
an unsurmountable barrier has come be
tween them. There is no possibility of
hope. She has withdrawn from society
and is seldom seen outside her mother's
home.
"Yes," said Dr. Wilkerson, last night,
"I was engaged to Miss Rector, and the
engagement has been broken off. It is
always better to tell the truth, and I will
tell it to the public, as I told It to her.
My parents were not known to have negro
bood in them, but it showed in my grand
mother. I have tried hard to live a rep
utable life. I have studied hard and have
"built up a large practice. I was educated
in the Presbyterian college and graduated
from the detal department of the Univers
ity of Xew York. I have many friends,
and I do not think I have lost any of them.
But to the woman I loved, I could not
flail under false colors. It is better that
she should know every bit of the truth
now rather than learn to repent after
our marriage. We lo<ve each other,
but we can never marry."
"Dr. Wilkerson'B friends believe he has
acted with scrupulous honor and are all
the more loyal to him. I know now all
about the ancestry of Dr. Wilkerson.
said Frederick A. Mollenhauer, principal
of the New Jersey School of Music,
honor him for what he has done. We are
all proud to be his friend*. White op
hUck. ha is a gentleman."

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