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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, May 20, 1901, Image 1

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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNALS
PRICE TWO CENTS.
CONGRESS AND
THE TARIFF
Forecast of the Policy to Be
Pursued by Republicans.
SENATOR CULLOM BUSY
Putting In His Vacation iv a Study
of the-Reciprocity Question.
OUR MANUFACTURES ABROAD
Inquiry Instigated by a Minnesota
I'oßgrmimaa and What
May Come of It.
TVom The .Tn^rruil Bureau. Room *8, To&
Jiuildlng, Washlnuton.
Washington, May 20.—With the growing
probability that the tariff will be dis
i-ussed in the next congress, either
through the Babcock proposition to take
the duty off trust articles, or through a
general bill aimed at the trusts as a
whole, there is an increasing interest in
tariff questions generally, for it is be
lieved that if congress takes up the ques
tion in a serious way, the issue for the
next campaign will at once be made. Sen
ator Cullom's announced intention of re
maining in Washington practically all
summer and fall in order that he may
study the question of reciprocity treaties
at close range is suggestive of one way
in which the republican party may under
take to meet the threatened demand for
tariff reduction.
Senator Cullom is very close to the re
publican organization in congress; is, in
fact, a part of it, and notwithstanding the
probability that his summer investiga
tions have been rendered necessary, in
part, by his desire* to become the chair
man of the committee on foreign rela
tions, it will everywhere be conceded that
he is not preparing to emphasize the need
for reciprocity treaties unadvisedly. It is
exceedingly probable that the senate,
should tariff reduction be deemed unwise
from the republican point of view, will
endeavor to divert attention from it, and
at the same time stimulate trade, by rati
fying certain of the treaties which have
been pigeon-holed in the room of the
committee on foreign relations ever since
the time of Senator Davis.
New Friend* for Reciprocity.
In proportion as the threats of a
European commercial alliance against the
Vnited States gain ground, the reciprocity
treaty idea finds new friends, and it is
quite possible that the most important
work of congress next winter, from a
practical business standpoint, will be the
enactment of legislation, or the ratifica
tion of reciprocity treaties, which will
render such an alliance inoperative.
The only legislation that could be
cha*i-eil would include a revision of the
Dingiey tariff, with a view to lowering
duties on certain staple articles of trade
shipped to us from European ports. The
republican party will never willingly
consent to this revison, for it would stir
up partisan political discussion of a very
bitter sort, and possibly be regarded by
the business world as a willful menace
to the much-talked-of McKinley pros
perity. The Babcock idea of removing the
duty on trust articles belongs to this
legislative family. It differs from the
general tariff revision proposition in de
gree rather than in kind, and would be
strongly opposed within the republican
party even if it were not mixed up with
the trust question.
Republican Policy.
If I am right in saying that congress
■will not willingly revise the tariff, then
the moat available remedy remaining is
the ratification of the reciprocity treaties
■which have' knocked about in the senate
for several years with nobody so poor as
to do them reverence. And it is quite
possible, as already pointed out, that in
coming to Washington during the heated
term to make a special study of these
treaties, Senator Cullom not only involun
tarily gives a hint as to who will be the
next chairman of the committee on for
eign relations, which has the treaties in
charge, but also, and what is of more gen
eral interest, a hint as to what the re
publican policy will be next winter, when
the time shall have come to meet face to
face the Babcock bill and measures of a
similar character.
With reference to the Babcock bill It
should be said again that the sale of
American goods in the foreign markets
at a lower price than the same goods
bring at home, is not in itself a convinc
ing argument for the removal of the
tariff; for it frequently happens that these
low prices abroad mean the disposal of a
surplus and keep the factories and mills
In operation all through the year, which
latter fact will appeal strongly to organ
ized labor. It also frequently happens
that these lower prices abroad mean the
gale of old and unsalable stock. In proof
of this statement Australia offers an il
lustration. Back in 1888 and in 1890, when
the McKinley bill was an issue before
the country, the democrats charged on the
stump, with great force, that McCormick
harvesting and other agricultural ma
chines were Being sold in Australia for
a sum much smaller than was being
asked for the same machinery In this
country.
The charge was proved by the consular
records, certain consuls in Australia in
official reports to the state department
having quoted the prices asked in that
country for the McCormick goods. Not
until several years had passed by, and the
McKinley bill had ceased to be an issue,
•was the proper explanation found for the
democratic charge. It then was learned
that the machines offered for sale in Aus
tralia were of obsolete patterns which were
no longer available for the American
trade. New inventions from year to year
had so radically and rapidly changed the
models as to make a machine out of date
by the time it was a year old. The
American farmer would have only the lat
est and best goods, and necessarily the
old stock, of which a great quantity ac
cumulated in spite of anything the manu
facturers could do. had to be offered
abroad for whatever it would bring. And
this is all that there was in the demo
cratic charge that the McKinley bill was
enabling the McCormick company to sell
its agricultural machinery in Australia for
less money than was asked for the same
machinery in this country.
Tawney'i Inqnisitivenem.
It is easy to see from what has been
eaid here that the tariff is not in all cases,
nor necessarily in the important ones, re
sponsible for the fact that American goods
are sold abroad mare cheaply than at
home. This subject bears directly upon
the inquiries which Congressman Tawney
cf Minnesota has asked the state depart
ment to propounr to American consuls
in all European ports. If the suggestions
offered in the foregoing paragraph are
■worth anything, it will make no difference
what reply these consular ctflcers make to
the Tawney questions, for it will throw
no light upon the main proposition.
Another illustration similar in charac-
Continued on Second Page,
BOFFALO AS
A SHOW TOWN
Bad Weather for Pan-Amer
ican Exposition Opening.
ADDRESS FROM "TEDDY"
Civic and Military Parade Moves,
Witnessed by Notables.
FLIGHT OF HOMING PIGEONS
Novel Method of Announcing the
Fructification of Buffalo*
Supreme Effort.
Buffalo. X. V., May 20.—Lowering
clouds that threatened rain and a wind
that blew in fitful gusts marked the
opening hours of the dedication day at
the Pan-American exposition. There was
a.partial clearing of the sky at 9:30,
which gave half-hearted promise of fur
ther improvement during the day. The
holiday crowds were astir early and the
earlier trains brought thousands of re
cruits to their ranks. The exposition
grounds and the business districts of the
city where the military and civic parade
formed were the centers that attracted
the largest numbers, wiiile the streets and
avenues connecting the two swarmed with
animated crowds. The street scenes were
picturesque. The Temple of Music, where
the formal exercises of the day were held,
was the center of activity, although every
part of the rainbow city had its admiring
crowds.
The military parade formed at the city
hall and the streets radiating from it,
and the foreign and state commissioners
and distinguished visitors were received
at the main entrance to the municipal
building. They were welcomed by repre
sentatives of the exposition commission
and later escorted to their carriages. The
scene about the city hall was a brilliant
one. The foreign representatives came in
evening attire and there were a dozen mil
itary and naval officers in full uniform
numbered in the group.
Senators Lodge and Hanna were early
arrivals at the city hall, while Vice Presi
dent Roosevelt and President Milburn did
not arrive until late. The crowd gave
them all liberal applause and the vice
president bowed repeatedly in acknowl
edgement.
The party moved off at 10:10, a squad
of mounted police clearing the way. State
troops led, followed by United States
artillerymen. The Mexican contingent
followed and after them were more mil
itiamen. Vice President Roosevelt viewed
the column from a carriage at the en
trance to.the city hall driveway and raised
his hat as swords went to a salute, arms
to a port, or a flag fluttered.
At the Temple of Music.
When the last of the military had
passed, Vice President Roosevelt was es
corted to a carriage. He was seated with
President Milburn. Senator Lodge rode
with Chairman Scatchard of the c: tr-utive
board. As soon as they were seated, the
line of carriages moved off. Mr. Roose
velt was cheered along the line and re
peatedly bowed his acknowledgments.
About noon the multitude began to enter
on the esplanade about the Temple of Mu
sic where the exercises were held. The
first of the ceremonies on the grounds was
the flight of 10,000 homing pigeons. The
pigeons, suddenly released from their cap-
I tivity, rose in a great mass, circling round
and round through the towers of the build
ings, rising higher and higher until grad
ually, as they got their bearings, they
darted away, first in pairs, then by the
score, until all had disappeared to the four
I points of the compass, bearing their mes
sages announcing the dedication of the
exposition.
The trooss were massed on and around
the Bridge of Triumph and at 12:15 o'clock
the officials and special guests, headed by
Vice President Roosevelt and President
Milburn, of the exposition, marched
through open ranks and on through the
roped enclosure to the Temple of Music.
The parade reformed and marched on
through the streets.
After the entry of the officials and
guests, the Temple of Music was thrown
open to those holding Invitations and rap
idly filled.
At 12:30 o'clock the galleries of the tem
ple were opened to the public and as soon
as they filled the portals were closed by
the police. Twenty minutes later. Presi
dent Milburn led the speakers and special
guests to the platform.
As the closing strains of the "Hallelu
jah Chorus," played by the Seventy-first
regiment band, died away. Bishop Fowler
offered the opening prayer.
President McKinley's Greeting.
President Milburn received an ovation
when he aro,se to speak, and it was some
time before he could secure attention. He
began by reading the telegrams and cable
grams of a congratulatory nature, com
mencing with this, of President McKinley,
from San Francisco:
Fellow citizens of the United States and
fellow-Americans from all over neighboring
nations: I send you greetings from the shores
of the Pacific with fervent prayew for the
benediction of heaven upon this beneficent
enterprise, with sincere congratulation to all
those whose energy end devotion have
brought it to pass, and with heartfelt wel
come to our guests from our sister republics
to whom we wish continued and abundant
prosperity. May there be no cloud upon
these grand festivities of peace and commerce,
no thought of rivalry except that generous
competition in useful arts and Industries
which benefits all. I earnestly hope that this
great exhibition may prove a blessing to every
country of this hemisphere and that even the
world at large may _proflt by the progress
of which we give proof by the lesson of our
e/forts and tbeir :esults. I trust that it may
become evident before this exhibition closes
that our vast and incrsasing prosperity is
fruitful of Dcthing but good to our elders
In the brotherhood of nations and that our
enward march may forever exemplify the
divine sentiment of "peace on earth and good
will to men." —William McKisley.
Telegrams or letters of congratulation
were also read from the governor general
of Canada, the presidents of Hayti, Colom
bia, Peru, Ecuador. Nicaragua, Uruguay,
Paraguay, Argentina- and Santo Domingo,
and the governors of Jamaica and Martin
ique. •
There was another cheer when Mayor
Diehl was introduced by President Mil
burn. The mayor said:
The opening of an exposition which is the
measure and index of a century's progress is
important but when its object Is to inaugu
rate a new era or social intercourse between
the nations of the western hemisphere it is
of the utmost consequence. No financial aid
has been given by tte federal government,
the state or the city to this great enterprise.
The millions of dollars which are represented
here have been contributed from the abund
ance of our capitalists and the wages of our
poor. .We rejoice in the accomplishment of
MONDAY EVENING, MAY 20, 1901.
' IN THE HANDS OF HIS FRIENDS?
Gen. Chaffee—Good-by, John, take keer o' yer'self.
this great undertaking. We have Invited the
world to witness our triumph and to partake
with us these fruits of 100 years of civiliza
tion and development. We give you cordial
greeting, and I assure you that our citizens
who have planned this festival for your en
tertainment will make you welcome and show
you generous hospitality.
Robert Cameron was next presented by
President Milburn and read his poem dedi
cated to the exposition.
The Orpheus Society sang "Salve Lib
erty," acompanied by. an orchestra, and
at the conclusion Vice President Roose
velt was presented and a storm of ap
plause gave him greeting as lie came for
ward. He said:
Roosevelt's Remark*.
In his address Vice President Roosevelt
said:
The century upon which we have just en
tered must inevitably be one of tremendous
triumph or of tremendous failure for the
whole human race; because, to an infinitely
greater extent than ever before humanity is
knit together in all its parts, for weal or for
woe. All about us there are innumerable
tendencies that tell for good and innumerable
tendencies that tell for evil. It is, of course,
a mere truism to say that our own acts mu#t
determine which set of tendencies shall over
coma the other. In order to act wisely we
must first see clearly. There is no place
among us for the mere pessimist; no man
who looks at life with a vision that sees
all things black or gray can do aught health
ful in molding the destiny of a mighty and
vigorous people. But there is just as little
use for the foolish optimist who refuses to
face the many and real evils that exist and
who fails to see that the only way to insure
the triumph of righteousness in the future is
to war against all that is base, weak and un
lovely in the present.
This twentieth century is big with the fate
of the nation's of mankind, because the fate
of each is now interwoven with the fate of
all to a degree never even approached in any
previous stage of history. No better proof
(ould be given than by this very exposition.
A century ago no such exposition could have
even been thought of. The larger part of
the territory represented here to-day by so
many free nations was not even mapped,
and very much of It was unknown to the
hardiest explorer. The Influence of America
upon old world affairs was imponderable.
World politics still meant European politics.
All that is now changed, not merely by what
has happened here In America, but by what
has happened elsewhere.
Much Yet to Learn.
During the last century we have on the
whole made long strides in the right direc
tion ; but we have very much yet to learn.
We all look forward to the day when there
shall be a nearer approximation than there
has ever yet been to the brotherhood of man,
and the peace of the world. More and more
we are learning that to love one's country
above all others Is in no way incompatible
with respecting aDd wishing well to all oth
ers, and that, as between man and man, so
between nation and nation, there should live
the great law of right. These are the goals
towards which we strive; and let us at least
earnestly endeavor to realize them here on
this continent. From Hudson's bay to Straits
of Magellan, we, the men of the two Ameri
cas, have been conquering the wilderness,
carving it into state and province, and seek
ing to build up in state and province gov
ernments which shall combine industrial
prosperity and moral well being. Let us ever
most vividly remember the falsity of the be
lief that any one of us is to be permanently
benefited by the hurt of another. Let us
strive to have our public men treat as
axiomatic the truth that it Is for the inter
est of every commonwealth in the western
hemisphere to sec every other commonwealth
grow into riches and in happiness, in material
wealth and In sober, strong self-respecting
manliness without which material wealth
avails so little.
To you of the republics south of us I wish
to say a special word. I believe with all my
heart in the Monroe doctrine. This doctrine
is not to be invoked for the aggrandizement
of any one of us here on this continent at
the expense of any one else on this continent.
It should be regarded simply as a great in
ternational Pan-American policy, vital to the
interests of all of us.
We should hold to a peculiarly rigid ac
countability those men who In public life,
or as editors of great papers, or as owner
of vast fortunes, or as leaders and moldei.
of opinion In the pulpit, or on the platform,
or at the bar, are guilty of wrongdoing, no
matter what form that wrongdoing may take.
There must and shall be no falling off in
the national traits of hardihood and manli
ness; and we must keep ever bright the love
of justice, the spirit of strong brotherly
friendship for one's fellcws, which we hope
and believe will hereafter stand as typical
of the men who make up this, the mightiest
republic upon which the sun has ever shown.
The speech of Vice-President Roosevelt
aroused a high spirit of enthusiasm, and
he was wildly cheered as he closed and
took his seat.
Senator Lodge was then presented. He,
too, was enthusiastically received and
gave a scholarly address.
NO UOXGER RESTRAINED.
New York, May 20—Vice Chancellor Pitney
in Jersey City to-day signed the order dis
solving the injunction restraining the Amal
gamated Copper company from absorbing the
Boston and jtiautaua and Bucte and Boston
companies.
IN THE HANDS OF HIS FRIENDS?
Gen. Chaffee —Good-by, John, take keer o' yer'self.
MOTLEYS' RETURN
It Is Expected to Take Place Within
a Week or Ten Days.
ARE GOING DIRECT TO CANTON
Pla.n« for the Trip Home—Move
ments of the Cabinet - .'■;,.-
Member*.
San Francisco, May ?9.—At an early
hour to-day no change has beea reported
in the condition of Mrs. McKinley. Al
though her condition has greatly im
proved the physicians have named a week
or ten days as the shortest possible time
in which she can gather strength to make
the trip across the continent. The Im
mediate members of the presidential party
will therefore remain here for that length
of time, though it is probable that the
others will leave for the east duriftg the
present weeek. The president and Mrs.
McKinley will go direct from San Fran
cisco to Canton. At Mrs. McKinley's old
home, surrounded by familiar faces and
with every comfort it is expected that her
recuperation will be more rapid than if
she went to Washington. President Mc-
Kinley spends much of each summer at
Canton and the arrival there will not be
far from the date of his regular annual
visit. He will probably proceed immedi
ately to Washington after leaving Mrs.
McKinley, returning to Canton as soon
as the more pressing public business has
been disposed of. Mi«s Mary Barber, Mrs.
McKinley's niece, will go with Mrs. Mc-
Kinley to Canton.
President and Mrs. McKinley will oc
cupy a different car from that which
brought them to this coast. The new car,
however, is one of tße same kind and fully
as luxurious. The train will be about as
large as the one that came west, having
accommodations for the president and
cabinet, ladies. Secretary and Mrs. Cor
telyou, Dr. and Mrs. Rixey, Mr. and Mrs.
Moore, Assistant Secretary Barnes and
the White House staff and eleven mem
bers of the press and photographers.
The Ogden route will be taken. Gov
ernor Oage has been informed by the
president that no stops of any length
would be made at Sacramento of else
where in router The president will not
leave the train though he may speak
briefly from the rear platform at one or
two important cities.
Secretary and Mrs. Hay expect to leave
to-day for Washington where important
matters of state await the attention of
the secretary. Postmaster General Smith
and Secretary Hitchcock will remain with
the president. Secretary Long, who left
yesterday for Colorado Springs, will pro
ceed to Washington as soon as posisble.
President McKinley had some early cal
lers. A deputation of clergymen compris
ing Rev. Drs. Pond, Gardner, Gannett and
Hs^nmond, the latter superintendent of
the Methodist Chinese mission, in com
pany with four Chinese ministers, called.
The Chinamen presented to Mr. McKinley
a beautiful banner together with a mem
orial, thanking him for his efforts In aid
ing the Chinese during the recent trouble
in China. The banner bore this inscription
in Chinese:
Presented to William McKinley, august
president of the great America, by the Chi-
Dese members of the Church of Jesus Christ
in San Francisco, as a tok«n of their honor
and praise.
The president accepted the banner and
thanked the delegation, which then re
tired. Secretary Cortelyou stated that the
president had made no arrangements for
to-day, but should decide later as to his
program. It is probable that he will re
view the returned soldiers from the Phil
ippines either to-day or to-morrow.
At 9:20 a. m. Secretary Cortelyou gave
out the following:
Mrs. McKinl«y's physician reported that
she had the best night since her illness and
that her progress is very satisfactory.
Crlaia Past.
San Francisco. Cal., May 20.—Mrs. Mc-
Kinley'g condition was so far improved
last evening that she was able to sit up
a while. There was a general feeling
that the crisis had passed and that Mrs.
McKinley would continue to gain strength.
No definite date has yet been decided
upon as to when the president will start
for the national capital, but it is hoped
that Mrs. McKinley will be able to travel
within a few dayß. Secretary Long left
this morning for Colorado Springs to visit
his daughter, who is ill.
President McKinley is in receipt of ca
blegrams from the king and queen of
England, President Loubet of France and
many other European potentates inquir
ing as to Mrs. McKinley's condition.
Baltimore, ■ May ? 20.—Machinists ;, to the
number of 800 refused to go to work in
this city as a result of the general . strike
order. ' ■ Firms f employing * about 400 men
Acceded to th* demand* of their employe*.
HE WILL PULL OUT
Statement Expected From Major
Conger to That Effect.
HIS CANDIDACY MEETS A FROST
Opposition to Cummins May Shift to
Trewin—Work Cut Out for
Mr. Hull.
Special to The Journal. |
Dcs Moines, lowa, May 20. —Develop-
ments of much significance in the con
gressional politics of the seventh district
accompanied the recent meeting of the
republican state central committee of
Polk county. Congressman Hull received
a serious setback and a corresponding,
impetus was given to the campaign of
Judge S. F. Prouty of the district court,
who is planning to force his way Into
Hull's time-worn congressional shoes.
Several weeks ago, Prouty sent out a
letter to the candidates for committeemen
urging that men be elected wbo were im
partial and not committed to Hull's inter
est. This letter stirred the Hull forces to
activity and when the primaries were held
they succeeded, as they supposed, in get
ting a safe majority of those on whom
they could depend op the committee. The
meeting of the committee for organiza
tion has just been held. A hard fight
arose over the chairmanship. The con
test ended in turning down the candidate
of the Hull men and in electing as chair
man Deputy County Treasurer Al Lay
man.
M. M. Robertson, who was the candidate
of the Hull supporters for the chairman
ship, was put_in as secretary as a balm
to the hurt feelings of the Hull contingent.
While Layman is not an avowed enemy
of Hull, he is regarded as friendly to
Prouty and at least as impartial. The in
cident is regarded here as of much im
portance as indicating that Prouty's
strength is greater than expected and as
strongly emphasizing what has been fore
told in various ways before, that Hull's
congresisbnal seat will be placed in great
jeopardy next year.
The Fight in Dallas.
The results of the gubernatorial fight
thus far have been generally favorable
to Cummins. It now appears certain the
anti-Cummins forces will fail to carry
Dallas county for Major Conger. A short
time ago the friends of Conger in Dallas
county gave up the idea of making a fight
for their candidate. It was then real
ized that to concede Dallas county to
Cummins would be likely to hurt irrepar
ably the Conger campaign. It was then
determined to fight and for the past ten
days every effort has been made to make
votes for Conger. The fight Is already
virtually lost to him in Dallas, as the
caucuses held the past two days have
given Cummins fifty-two instructed dele
gates in the county convention. Conger
has none and the Cummins leaders, who
need but ten votes more to control the
county convention, say they are assured
of two or three timee that number.
The real crisis of the Dallas county
fight was passed when the caucuses were
held in Perry Saturday. There the fight
was bitter in the extreme, prohibition and
temperance workers in Deis Molnes joining
in the fray against Cummins. The Conger
men lost in all three wards of Perry,
thus giving twenty-one delegates in the
county convention to Cummins and set
ting the tide for Cummins in the county
so strongly that both machine and anti
machine men agree it cannot be over
come.
It is asserted by the Conger mem the
leaders of the Cummins forces in Dallas
took snap judgment on them by calling
the caucus without giving requisite no
tice. The other side declares this untrue,
that ample notice was given and ample
time allowed all to vote that desired to
do so.
Conger Practically Out of It.
The general impresison here is that
the Conger movement has run its course
and that the opposition to Cummins will
now shift its supoprt to Trewin. Thus
far Cummins has 171 delegates. He has
Itarried Polk, Boons, Story, Woodbury
and Sac counties. O'Brien county, though
it instructed only for Brown for railroad
commissioner, is for Cummins. Guthrie
county has instructed for John Herriott.
Union county and Adams have instructed
for Judge H. M. Towner for supreme
Judge and are strongly anti-Cummins.
Major Conger has returned from Wash
ington and a statement is expected from
him refusing further to allow the use of
his name as a candidate.
NO INSULAR DECISION YET.
' Washington, * May 20.—The United 5. States
supreme \ court! to-day adjourned y until. next
Monday without announcing an opinion in the
insular ; cases. ; ,The/court' will adjourn: next
Monday "until' next < Octobet'""'"' """; " "■■;-_
12 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK.
MACHINISTS' STRIKE
IS INAUGURATED
Thousands of Workingmen Suspend Their La
bors in an Effort to Have a Nine-Hour
Working Day Recognized.
Only About One-Fourth of the Machinists in
New York Go Out—Status of the Strike
in Various Other Cities.
NUMBER OF STRIKERS REPORTED
Ansonia, Conn 500
Atlanta 100
Bay City, Mich 600
Boston 1,500
Bridgeport, Conn 700
Chicago 166
Cleveland 1,200
Dayton, Ohio 300
Detroit 550
Elizabeth, N. J 600
Grand Rapids, Mich 300
Hartford 1,350
Indianapolis 200
Louisville 200
Minneapolis 250
Milwaukee 1,600
New York 3,000
New Britain, Conn 180
New Haven 100
Washington, May 20.—A general strike
of the employes in the machinery and al
lied metal trades throughout the country
to enforce a nine-hour day with an in
crease of wages to meet the reduction in
the hours of labor, took effect to-day. Re
ports were received by President O'Con
nell of the National Association of Ma
chinists, and other officials who are in
this city, early in the forenoon, indicat
ing that a large number of establishments
heretofore holding out against the de
mands of the men were making the neces
sary concessions. Mr. O'Connell said It
was too early to make any # estimate of the
number of men out. His original figure
was 150,000 men directly affected, and sev
eral hundred thousand indirectly. This
figure has been largely reduced by a num
ber of agreements reached in the last two
or three days. Mr. O'Connell, while re
fusing to make any estimates or draw any
conclusions until later in the day, said
the reports so far received were of a very
encouraging nature:
In New England the first reports show
that many men are out, but the number in
the aggregate cannot be estimated aa
yet. The states mostly affected in New
England are Connecticut and Vermont.
From the former state telegraphic re
ports to the headquarters here show all
the machinists in the towns of Ansonia
and Derby are out. The men in the
principal towns in Vermont have struck.
These include St. Johnsbury, Rutland and
St. Albans. Massachusetts and New York
were late in making reports.
From Cincinnati the indications are that
all the men are out. This is one of the
points where the most difficulty in set
tlement has been apprehended. In Cleve
land, the situation has improved. While
the number of men out is not staked, the
report from there to-day announces that
the Automatic Refrigerator company, the
Grant Tool Co., the Danielson Tool com
pany, and Bollinger & Reilly have signed
with the men and work in those estab
lishments continues. In Wilmington, Del.,
several of the concerns are reported as
having agreed to .the terms this morning.
The report from Denver shows that no
trouble is expected there. About three
quarters of the concerns employing ma
chinists in that city have signed, and ne
gotiations are in progress for a settle
ment with others, which look hopeful.
The advices from Chicago indicate that
arrangements have bene made with a
great majority of the firms under which
the agreement is signed and will be en
forced.
FEW NEW YORKERS STRIKE
Only It.OOO of the 12,000 Men Go Out
Thus Far.
New York, May 20. —At the local head
quarters of the central executive board
of the International Association of -Ma
chinists it was said to-day that not more
than 3,000 out of 12,000 machinists in the
New York district were on strike. Many
of the employers in New York agreed to
the workmen's request for a nine-hour
day.
In Jersey City the only men on strike
were about forty men employed In the
small repair shops of the Central railroad
of New Jersey.'
At Plainfleld, N. J., fully 1,000 ma
chinest3 and helpers .have struck. They
were employed In the shops of the Scott
Printing Press company, the Potter Press
works, the Campbell Press works and the
Aluminum Plate and Press works. The
employee of the Pond Tool company had
the promise of the superintendent that'
their demands will be considered at the
annual meeting of the company.
At Elizabeth, 600 machinests employed
in the shops of the Central railroad of
New Jersey are out. Strikes are also
on at the shops of S. L. Morse & Son and
Bell, Wood & Co.
Among the large employers in New
York who refused the demands of the
machinists are the Robert Hoe Printing
Press company, the Garvin Machine com
pany, the Van Allen and Bouton company,
the Incandescent Arc Light company, the
Mundy Hoisting Engine company, the
Singer Manufacturing company. Ball &
Wood and Babcock & Wilcox. The Hoe
Printing Press company was willing to
concede the nine-hour day, but wished to
abrogate an agreement with the machin
ists that only union men should be em
ployed. This afternoon the executive com
mittee of the machinists for the New York
district reported that of the 12,000 en
rolled members in the fifteenth, 2,000 were
reported on strike, 6,000, after having
struck, effected an agreement and have
gone back to work again, and 5,000 yet to
be heard from. Theflfteenth district in
cludes Manhattan, Long and Staten
islands, all the Hudson river towns below
Newburtfh and Jersey City, Paterson,
Plainfleld, New Brunswick, Elizabetliport,
Newark aau the Aabeys, N. J,
Philadelphia 1,000
Pittsburg 100
Providence 550
Plainfield, N. J 1,000
Springfield, Mass 550
Scranton 3,000
Toledo 600
Trenton, N. J., : « .... 155
Waterbury, Conn 550
Wilmington, Del 330
Wilkesbaire 1.500
Total (definitely heard from) 15,781
President O'Connell estimates that
about 50,000 men struck to-day. He
bases this assertion on telegraphic advices
from the machinists headquarters in the
various cities.
About 400 machinests employed by the
Worthington Hydraulic Pump company in
Brookryn etruok, but returned to work
on a promise by the superintendent of the
works to submit his requests to the com-
AHEAD OF TIME
Cincinnati Machinist* Don't Wait
for 1O O'Cloclc.
Cincinnati, 0., May 20.—Although the
s.trike of machinists was not set for this
city until 10 a. m., many of the men re
fused to begin work at their regular hour,
":30 o'clock.
Samuel Gompers, president of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor, arrived thii
morning. Vice President Thomas Kidd
and Treasurer John B. Lennon, both mem
bers of the executive board of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor, joined him and
they ■immediately went into conference
with the local leaders of the International
Association of Machinists.
Meantime", without waiting for the of
ficial order operative at 10 a. m., proces
sions formed as early as 7:30 o'clock,
marched to the larger manufacturing con
cerns and called the men out. The re
sponse was quite general, even among em
ployes not members of the machinists' as
sociation, who had given no intimation
that they were in sympathy with the
strike. At several of the large plants,
however, the men are all at work, even
where no increase of wages has beea
granted.
Mellen "Knows Nothing."
At machinist headquarters it is re
ported three firms have to-day met the de
mands of the men, making fourteen ! firms
where there is no strike. In all the
others, the strike is declared to be com
plete, not only including machinists, but
all employes. The machinists claim that
3,000 of their fellow craftsmen and as
many others not machinists have quit
work. ,
IN MILWAUKEE -
■■....■■■ . ■
All the Twenty-eight Plant*, bat
Three Affected.
■•.:-.-■.'.-■- -: .'• •. .j . .-,.-,.■ - : ' . ■
Milwaukee, May About 1,600' ma
chinists responded to the order of Presi
dent James O'Connell of the International j
Association of Machinists,. and * went on
strike in the various. plants employing
machinists to-day. The men were Joined
■by several, hundred helpers. : The men
went to the various places of employment
as usual, but failing to see a notice com
plying with the machinists' demands for
a nine-hour day and a 12% : per cent In
crease in wages, turned... around and
walked quietly away. In . several .' in- _
stances, particularly at the shops ; which
are members of the national metal trades
association, representatives of the : plant
spoke a few words to the workmen, say
ing that the action of the machinists at
this time annulled the New York agree
ment and that if the men returned \to
work hereafter it would have to be on the
conditions which prevailed prior to the
establishment of the New York agreement.
The number of plants affected is twenty
five out of a total of twenty-eight in the
city. The shops employing the greatest
number of men _ are as follows:
B. P. Alils company, 600; Filer & Stowell
company, 125; Xordberg company, 175; &ucy
rus Steam Shovel company, South Milwaukee,
100; Vilter Manufacturing company, 60; Chris
tiansen Engineering company, 40; Pawling &
Harnlschfeger company, Kempsmith Machine
company, Browning Manufacturing company,
30 each; Kearney & Trecker, Pfen&nnstll &
Huback, Prinz & Rau, Prescott Pump com
pany, Liutter & Glea, American Bicycle com
pany, American Stamping and Enameling
company, 20 each; Weiler & Barth, Cutler &
Co., 25 each, and a few other smaller con
cerns from 6 to IS eaoh.
Geuder & Paeschke, Barnes & Phillips Au
tomobile company, Calleud & Henning and
the Egan company, employing in the aggre
gate about 100 men, have signed the agree
ment, and work continues at these plants
without interruption.
After leaving, the shops the men either
proceeded to their homes or visited one
of the three headquarters which have
been established in different parts of the
city where reports will be received on the^
strike conditions from time to time. The
present strike Is the largest one of the
kind In the history of the state.
Vacancies Soon Pilled.
PitUburg, Pa., May 20.—About 100 ma
chinists at the McKee* Rock plant of the
Pressed Steel Car company struck this
morning for a nine-hour day. It had been
arranged that all the organised labor at
the works also should come out on a
sympathetic strike, but this did not take
place. However, the strike leaders claim
a general strike will follow. The places
of the strikers have been filled by labor
ers employed about the mill.
Less than 100 machinists are Idle to
day at the other plants in the city, all
but four firms baring signed the scale.
The oil well supply company and the
American Bteel and Wire company signed
the scale to-day. Heyl and Patterson,
the Oliver Iron and Steel company and the
Plttsburg Shafting company have refused
to sign. In this district 104 firms employ
ing nearly 4,600 machinists have signed
the scale and the men are at work.
Few Striker* In Philadelphia.
Philadelphia, May 20.—1t Is estimated
that not more than 1,000 machinists have
quit work in this city because of the re
fusal of their employers to grant a. nine-

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