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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, May 21, 1901, Image 5

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THE JOURNAL
LUOIAN SWIFT, J. & M«LAIN,
MANAGES. EDITOU. \ >
SUBSCRIPTION TERMS
Payable to Tht Journal Printing- Co.
Delivered by Mail.- --;
One copy, one month •«• $0.85
One copy, three months 1-00
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Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.50
Delivered by Carrier.
One copy, one week cents
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Single copy 2 cents
The Isthmian Canal
There arrived in New York, yesterday,
Irom. Nicaragua, the party of engineers
who have been engaged surveying the
route for the proposed Nicaragua ship
canal. This is probably the last survey
ing party to report, as Admiral Walker
and the commission have received all the
material derived from the survey of the
various canal routes necessary to frame
their report to the government. The
commission is now engaged on that re
port, which will be completed by July 1.
Admiral Walker talks as if the Nica
ragua canal route bad been definitely
chosen, and that the inchoate Panama
ditch was out of the question entirely.
While it is reported that Secretary Hay
is negotiating with Nicaragua and Costa
Rica to secure a right of way for the
proposed canal, it may be remembered
that, in the preliminary report mede by
the Walker commission last winter, it
was conceded that the Panama route is
shorter, has fewer locks to construct,
less curvature than the Nicaragua route,
and will cost less. The only argument of
fered in favor of the Nicaragua route was
that It would be a shorter route from New
York to San Francisco, as it is so much
farther north, but the Panama route
■would be much the shorter route from
New York and New Orleans to the west
coast of South America, where a big mar
ket for our export .trade is looming up.
Admiral Walker, from his careful data, is
of the opinion that the cost of a Nica
ragua canal will be $38,000,000 more than
the cost of completing the Panama canal,
leaving out the cost of acquiring that
property, which is worth from $34,0O»,000
to $40,000,000, according to expert esti
mates.
The violent affection of many of our
statesmen for the Nicaragua route at any
cost is too emotional to be of practical
utility, and the business sense of the
country is beginning to discern that, as a
matter of good business, it will be better
to locate the ship canal where the physi
cal difficulties are at the minimum, where
the distance is shorter by a hundred
miles, and where the cost will be very
much less than $200,000,000. If we con
struct the Nicaragua canal as an exclusive
American work, barring out the neutrali
zation principle, for which our government
has contended for the past fifty years, the
completion of the Paoiama canal will be
hastened by Europe, and our government
would face the embarrassment of a rival
canal under European ownership, which,
to say the least, would not be a matter
of congratulation. The Walker commia
eion estimates that by 1914, when the
Nicaragua canal may be completed, the
traffic would reach 7,000,000 tons a year.
The tonnage passing through the Suez
canal ie about 10.000,000 tons a year. If.
however, two ship canals are constructed
across the Isthmus, neither of them would
pay as an Investment.
The Hlbbing News says that a wagon
load of slot machines arrived there Mon
day night and were distributed about the
saloons. These may be the machines
which suddenly went out of business in
thi» city recently. They seem to have
resumed business at Hibbing under slight
ly different conditions, for it is stated
that each machine contributes ?10 a month
to the village strong box.
The Duluth Herald's remedy for the dis
advantage which the independent mine
owner suffers is fair rates on the railroads.
The only guaranty of fair rates on the
railroads is a reliable railroad commis
sion. Does the Duluth Herald feel quite
sure at this time that we have that kind
of a commission?
The Machinists' Strike
The order of President O'Connell of the
National Association of Machinists has
not been followed by a genral compliance
on the part of the machinists and allied
trades, although that official looks for a'
speedy signing of the agreement by all
employers in the National Metal Trade
association. This association and the Na
tional Metal Trades' Council, the latter
composed of affiliated metal-working
trade unions, met at New York a year
ago, and, after a long discussion, agreed
upoa the submission of all their griev
ances, all questions in dispute between
them, to arbitration. It is held by the
employers that the agreement has not
lapsed, and many of them hold that, in
giving the workmen a fifty-four-hour
week, they have already met the spirit
of the nine-hour day demand, but the men
want the work per day to be nine hours
only, -whatever may be the pressure of
work. As to wages, it has developed that
a number of the metal-working trades
unions have only demanded the nine-hour
day and have received it. Most of them
demand a wage increase from 12% to 15
per oent.
The demand for ten hours' pay for nine
hours' work is generally regarded by em
ployers as straining the fabric of their
liberality too much, but the movement
of the men for shorter time and more
wages grows out of the conviction that
the country is surely in a very prosper
ous condition, and that they ought to get
a reasonable share of that prosperity. In
the metal-working trades there has been
a considerable amount of this sharing, as
wages have been increased two or three
times. The demand of the men, as formu
lated, is for the nine-hour day "with an
increase of wages sufficient to overcome
the loss of the hour in time." They de
mand agreement as to arbitration of all
disputes that may arise in the future,
but this has already been agreed upon at
the conference last summer in New York
between the National Metal Trades' asso
ciation, composed of employers and the
National Metal Trades' council, com
posed of the affiliated metal working trade
unions, and the present differences should
have been referred for settlement to an
arbitration board. They demand the right
to regulate the number of apprentices
who shall be allowed to work in the shop's,
but such regulation is in operation in al
most all the shops now.. They demand
tVat there shall be no discrimination
against machinists because of their mem
bership in the union. This is a proper
demand and equally so is its corollary
that there should be no discrimination
against machinists because they are not
members of the union. This is fundamen
tal law and gospel. The right of a man
to work for a living, either in or out of
a union, cannot lawfully be impaired or
obstructed.
It is likely from the present outlook
that the machinists may gain their de
mands. Production will be somewhat re
duced, but our American workmen are
not likely to follow the bad example of
their English brethren, who, when labor-
saving machinery is introduced, refuse to
run it up to .more than a third or two
thirds of its capacity, and thus have ob
structed the prompt execution of orders
by their employers and entailed loss of
business, which is not very advantageous
for the workmen. It is evident that the
present strike of the machinists and the
incidental cessation of work, could have
been avoided had the employers and
workmen carried out the agreement as to
arbitration effected last year at the con
ference of employers and labor unions in
New York, and for failure to abide by that
agreement the workmen seem to have
been more to blame than the employers
who have in some instances favored arbi
tration.
Ames and Reform!
We have had Ames under this adminis
tration from the beginning of the year. It
seems that we are now to have reform.
The mayor is not interfering with the dis
semination of the report that he realizes
that he has made a mistake in the policy
which he has pursued and in many of the
appointments that he has made, and that
unless he is to ruin his political prospects
absolutely he must change that policy in
some particulars and cure some of the
appointments by dismissals. For this rea
son there is a feeling of unrest at the
city hall and an apprehension concerning
reform that affects the appetite and dis
turbs the slumbers of some "of the
finest."
We shall see what we shall see.
A Business Principle in Religion
The dispatches from Toledo describe the
inauguration of a new plan of co-opera
tion among what are called the evangeli
cal churches of that city, which suggests
that the children of light are learning les
sons from the children of this world. The
story in substance is that the evangelical
churches of that city have formed a sort
of trust or combination. They have agreed
to co-operate instead of compete, to com
bine instead of antagonize. They have
surveyed the city with reference to church
extension and the promotion of the relig
ious interests of the community, and have
decided that hereafter when new churches
are to be established the predominant de
nomination and the preference of the peo
ple in that locality shall determine the
religious body with which the new church
shall be affiliated, and that the people of
all protestant and orthodox affiliations
shall be invited to unite in the one or
ganization and establish one church rather
than undertake to build up rival societies
and erect different houses for the worship
of the one God.
This is a practical proof of the progress
of church union which could be put into
practice in every city with profit to the
churches.
Whether anything of this kind has ever
been contemplated or is possible in Minne
apolis does not yet appear. But certainly
the wisdom of the plan adopted in Toledo
must appeal to the good judgment of the
church people everywhere. It is in a
sense the application of business prin
ciples to chtrch affairs. Combination and
centralization and the higher organization
of industry and trade tends to eliminate
ruinous competition. The Toledo churches
are only applying the same principle to
the promotion of church interests in that
city. And where better could harmony
of action, co-operation and united effort
be applied than in the substitution of this
principle among the churches for the
methods of rivalry and competition which
have heretofore prevailed? It certainly
makes for the greater efficiency of all re
ligious effort and meets the problem of
half a dozen weak, struggling, debt-bur
dened, poorly equipped and poorly pas
tored little churches in the smaller towns
of the country. It may not always con
tribute to denominational growth, but
what is denominational growth compared
to the more substantial growth and great
er efficiency of religious institutions
among the people?
Pettigrew eeems to have found a new
way to smash the trusts. It is reported
that he is to be president of one of the
largest of them.
At the meeting of the Presbyterian gen
eral assembly yesterday the committee on
temperance expressed .the hope that the
government might discover some substi
tute for the canteen, adding: "Measures
should be sought both from the national
and the state legislatures for the pro
tection of our soldiers and veterans from
the saloon traps set so thickly around the
entrances to army posts and soldiers'
camps." With this sentiment every right
thinking person will be in hearty sympa
thy. It is exceedingly desirable that the
temptations to which the soldier is sub
jected be reduced to the lowest possible
number and force. There is in this mod
est expression, however, a different view
of the question from that which contents
itself with denouncing the restricted and
restraining post canteen and leaves the
soldier at liberty to go to the devil with
out hindrance in the'"saloon traps set so
thickly around the entrances to army
posts and soldiers' camps." Everything
that can be done to discourage the habit
of drink and eliminate it is the proper
thing for the government to undertake
as to its soldiers. But the government has
got no credit to itself in being governed
in this matter of liquor legislation affect
ing soldiers' camps, by the clamor of
thoughtless, although well-meaning, peo
ple rather than by its own experience and
the testimony of its own officers.
"How to Any oue wno is thinking
_ .of writing an essay on the
Succeed subject of success in society
in Society" should not overlook the ca
reer of Harry Lehr, former
ly of Baltimore, but who easily broke into
the sacred circle by the sheer force of genius
and who, it is now announced, is to marry
the rich and joyous young widow of John
Victor Danljren.
Mr. Lebr had social backing enough on his
arrival in New York to obtain a few intro
ductions, and he did the rest. His specialty
was supplying strange forms of amusement
to the jaded devotees of the four or more
hundred. Without the weight of Ward Mc-
Allister, he had all of his sweetness and
light and, in addition to this, a strain of a
kind of innocent deviltry that proved to be
very fetching. One epochal night he waded
•hrougb a fountain with a young society ma
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
tron, on a dare, on the way home from a the
ater party. Again he paraded a faghionable
street of Newport in company with two ultra
fashionable dames and carried a large French
doll.
These masterful strokes of wit secured him
the position as agent of a champagne house
at $10,(XX> a year. It was his duty to call for
a particular brand of the society cider, and
the smart set admired his nerve and laid it fti
stock.
The social awim, to mix a nice metaphor,
proved to be pay dirt to Harry from the grass
roots down. He advanced by leaps and
bounds until, as stated, he 13 to honor the
month of June by selecting it as the time of
year to lead to the altar the rich young
widow.
Young men with "presence" and with pres
ence of mind should take note of Mr. Lehr's
career. It is a beautiful example of what a
young man may do if he persevere*.
The Torreus land reglstraton law is being
accepted in Chicago as permanently estab
lished, and the abstract and title guaranty
companies-are giving up their fight. The
system is so simple and easy that it saves
the lawyers and abstract people the trouble
of their laborious search of records. And yet
they are not fully satisfied.
A little 3-year-old boy ran away and wan
dered out Into Sixteenth street yesterday, and
inside of five minutes scorchers were seen
hastening from all parts of the city to run
over him.
A Chicago man's excised stomach has been
preserved in alcohol. Many men prefer to
preserve their utomachs in this way without
the expense of having them cut.out.
The supreme court is doing some very
'.engthy thinking on the colonial cases. There
are scoras of people who have already decided
them offhand.
The KaDsas harvest is nearly ready, and
the winter hoboes of that state are rapidly
working north.
AMUSEMENTS
"The Hlifhwayiiiini" at the Metro
politan.
Katherine Oermalne demonstrated to a
large audience at the Metropolitan last even
ing that it is no trick at all to rush heed
lessly up to death's door, take a stout knock,
and then skurry back to the portals of life
and light. She bounded on to the stage and
sang like a lark just as if the potent poison
of nine little strychnine pills had not lured
her so far into the undiscovered country
twenty-four hours before that her existence
hung by a thread and a tiny thread at that.
Miss Germaine's pluck won her the en
thusiastic admiration of her audience and a
stranger would never have guessed that the
artist was not quite herself. Her song at the
opening ot the second act was one of the
gems of the evening, but when the audience
demanded its repetition she shook her head
with a significant smile.
The entire performance went with a vi^
and dash quite surprising, the other mem
bers of the cast being apparently determined
to make up for any shortcomings that might
be noticeable in their prima donna. As a
result of this unusual effort thP concerted
numbers of DeKoven and Smith's opera werp
sung with magnificent effect, notably in the
second and third acts, when the singers'
solicitude for Miss Germaine took op a con
fident air.
"The Highwayman" was heard in Minne
apolis last season with Miss Germaine in tho
role of Lady Constance Sinclaire. It is not
the best work of its makers, but it is an in
teresting effort both musically and dramatic
ally. The book has to do witb the adventures
of a wild rollicking young Irishman, Cap
tain Scarlet, who takes to robbing on the
king's highway because he has lost his
fortune at cards. A price Is put upon his
head and Foxy Quiller, whofti Minneapolitans
will remember in the same breath with H.
W. TreDenick, goes after the reward. Red
coated British soldiers also seek the £1,000
pertaining to Scarlet's head, and the clashes
between these opposing intertsts are numer
ous and amusing. Through divers and sundry
constructive efforts of the librettist, three
other people are constrained to impersonate
the gallant captain, and some very comical
complications result In Act II in the lonely
country place chosen by the real Scarlet for
his operations. In this act a stage roach,
drawn by real horses and the appearance of
a quartet of Captain Scarlet's surrounded by
the country folk and the brilliant soldiery,
produce some beautiful pictures. •
Edmund Stanley, whose robusto tenor and
fine figure will be readily recalled, sang the
role of Captain Scarlet in splendid fashion.
His Irish song and duet with Lady Con
stance won the heartiest applause. W. H.
Thompson, as Captain Rodney, Pamala'a
lover, aroused enthusiasm by his flnp bary
tone solo in the third act. Addie Sharp, a
mite of a girl and a very young girl too, was
delightfully sweet and ingenuous as Dollle
Primrose, barmaid of the Cat and Fiddle
tavern. Miss Bonnie May, as Lady Pamala,
sang sweetly and looked prettier than any
doll in creation.
R. A. Bresee, to whom was allotted the
difficult task of speaking Foxy Quiller's quaint
and unctuous lines, acquitted himself credit
ably, although suffering from the prestige of
his Illustrious predecessor !n the role.
Mr. TreDenick leaves for New York this
evening to place himself under the care of a
specialist. He is suffering rrom an aggra
vated attack of laryngitis and will be com
pelled to stay at home and nurse his voice
all summer instead of being able to accept
the flattering offers which he is receiving
daily. —W. A. D.
"A Telephone Girl" at the Bijou.
The Bijou has a stellar attraction in "A
Telephone Girl" this week, the musical farce
comedy which made such a pronounced hit
in this city last season. It seems hard to
believe, in these days of managerial decep
tion, but the cast is superior to that of a
year ago, with one or two exceptions. Miss
Lewis, Minneapolis' own telephone girt, who
formerly led the semicircle of short-skirted
"centrals," is no longer In the cast In her
capacity of chief operator; but as the part
Is an unimportant one, the performance does
not suffer. The changes in the principal
roles, notably in that of Hans Nix, "In
spektorkatelphons—City New York," are all
for the better, and the entire performance
goes with a dash and abandon refreshing to
behold. In fact, "the line Is busy" from the
moment the girls appear until they ring off
in a wild chorus with a "tara-ra-bum-de
ay" flavor.
The great character in this swift enter
tainment- is Hans Nix, the inspector, as con
ceived and executed by Harry Hermsen. It
is scarcely an exaggeration to say that no
more unique comedy creation exists on the
American boards. The part has been shorn
of its redundancy until every exit and en
trance of the eccentric Dutchman, including
his every word and gesture, keep an audi
ence in spas-ms of laughter. Great is Hans
Nix as se°n by Harry Hermsen.
The important role of Estelle is intrusted
to Miss Mabel Hite, a comedienne of high
rank. Miss Hite is not only a capable ac
tress when acting is necessary, but she is
a female clown par excellence. Her dance
in the second act is one of the funniest that
ever happened anywhere. Then there is Wln
fleld Douglas as Snuffles, a «fast boy who cau
sing and dance like a whirlwind, and his
team mate, Margie Ford, as the adorable
Toots. Miss Ford is an exquisite dancer and
a rare burlesquer. An exceptionally clever
dancing specialty is also contributed by the
Chapelle sisters, which scores a tremen
dous hit. " V",
One of the best turns in the show is the
singing and dancing specialty of Flora Par
ker, "captain of the telephone girls." Charles
Burrows as Ebenezer Fairfax and John J.
Magee as Saunders, are still in the cast, and
they contribute largely to the success of a
highly meritorious performance. Edith Gib
bons as Rosey, Beauty Fairfax's maid, was
a chic, vivacious servant and a picture worth
seeing in the second act. —W. A. D.
Foyer Chat.
Richard Mansfield opened in St. Paul last
eight to the largest audience of the present
season at the Metropolitan in that city, and
the morning papers speak in the highest
terms of praise of the production. Mr. Mans
field opens his engagement of three.nights at
the Metropolitan in this city Thursday night.
Jessie Bartlett Davis and her big company
of vaudeville artists will be seen at the Met
ropolitan the first half of next week, com
mencing Sunday, with matinees Monday,
Tuesday and Wednesday.
Howard Kyle will be seen at the Metropoli
tan the last half of next week ■in Clyde
Fitch's play of the revolutionary period,
"Nathan Hale." i
Minneapolis Journal's Current Topic Series.
Papers by Experts and Specialists of National Reputation.
COLONIAL GOVERNMENTS
OF TO-DAY.
Series under the supervision of Piefesaor
Joun H. Finley of Princeton university.
XIV.—THK COXGO FKKK STATE
(By Harry Tuck Sherman of Antwerp.)
(Copyright. 1901, by Victor F. Lawson.)
Whoever undertakes to write a record of the
nineteenth century must place to the credit
of King Leopold of Belgium and his people
the opening up and the civilization of oue
of the richest countries of the tropics. To be
sure, King Leopold has had able lieutenants
in the gigantic task that he undertook iv
Africa, but to him are due the incentive,
the Inspiration, the Ideas, while those who
surround him execute those ideas with honor
to themselves and satisfaction to the leader.
The fact that Leopold 11. is sovereign of the
Congo Free £tate leads many into the belief
that that country is, after all, but a colony
of Belgium. This is by no means the case,
for, though it is true that the entire govern
ment of the Central African nation is in the
hands of Belgians, who have entored its serv
i.e. the state owes allegiance to no country
or people. Belgium, however, has a finan
cial claim on the revenues of the state, for
by virtue of a tivaty dated July. 1, 181)0, the
Belgian government agreed to loan to the
Free State the sum of $5,000,000, $1,000,000 10
be paid down on the signing of the conven
tion and $400,000 annually for ten years. Six
mouths after the last payment—made in Au
gust, 1900—the Belgian government reserved
the right to annex the entire Congo Free
State as a colony.
The government, however, is not disposed
to raise the Question of annexation, as the
majority in parliament, is opposed to it. The
Free State retains the loan for another ten
years, paying interest at the rate of 2Vi per
cent, no interest having been paid during
the first period of ten years. This, then, is
the only bond' of union between the two
countries beyond the fact that they have the
same sovereign.
An Enormom Country.
Covering an enormous area, the Congo
Free State lies on the equator, extending o
degrees to the north and 14 degrees to the
south. Of course the Congo river is a most
valuable feature of the new country and is
navigable from its mouth to Stanley Falls,
a distance of 900 miles, with the exception of
the rapids and falls from Yelala to Leopold
ville, on Stanley pool, a distance of 280 miles.
The union of the two navigable portions was
absolutely essential to the future prosperity
of the state. In fact, Stanley warned King
Leopold that if a railway were not built, all
the Congo Free State would not be worth a
dollar.
This warning was heeded, and Colonel
Thys, often called the Belgian Cecil Rhodes,
started the project, which at first seemed an
almost impossible task. After years of labor
the railway was opened in July, 1898, and its
inauguration brought the riches of the land
to the very doors of the civilized world.
Splendid first-class passenger steamers now
run regularly from European ports to Boma
and Matadi, and these; together with the
railway, bring Antwerp, the world's market
for the rich Congo produce, within twenty
days of Stanley Falls.
The resources ci this vast, fertile territory
are boundless and the field for new enter
prises is without limit. Of most value at
present are the supplies of India rubber and
ivory. The profits realized in dealing in those
products are enormous.
System of Government.
The administration of such a huge country,
peopled by millions of savages, has proved
one of the greatest problems of colonization
that any body of men ever attempted to
solve. The supreme power is vested in King
Leopold, and the central government, with
its seat in Brussels, is placed under the im
mediate control of a secretary of state, as-
Diplomacy. J& By Frances Wilson.
Copyright, 1901, by Frances Wilson.
She looked down ruefully at her new walk
ing gown and patent leather boots. What
should she do! It was half past 5, and for
three-quarters of an hour she had stood at
the entrance of the great office building, wait
ing for a chance to get to the cars between
drops. It was coming down in straight, un
erring lines, that struck the pavement like
javelins and made a thousand splashes in
the water already there.
She sent a furtive glance at the cabs which
were scurrying up and down the street, sum
moned now to one building, now to another,
and evolved a new beauty formula—"To pre
vent wrinkles, take cabs."
"Won't you take this?" The voice was so
near her that she gave a startled jump. A
man was standing on the step below her,
holding an umbrella and a card in his out
stretched hand.
"I'm with a friend and do not need it, and
you can return it to me."
The words were spoken hurriedly, and be
fore she knew what had happened—before, in-
deed, she recovered from her astonishment
enough to notice his face —she was holding
the umbrella and the card in her hand, and
her benefactor had melted back into the
crowd of dripping figures which was making
its way as one man toward the street car
lines.
"Why," she gasped in amazement, "I didn't
even get a glimpse of him! I've heard of
effacing one's self, but that's the neatest
illustration of it that I've ever seen. He
must have a nice mother!"
She looked at the card and read:
"Mr. Murray Sheldon,
Union League Club."
His business address—Wall street—had been
hurriedly scrawled upon it in pencil. She
tucked the card carefully away in her purse
and, with her mind full of the little episode,
joined the crowd of bobbing umbrellas which
was moving down the street. .
As she entered the elevated train she saw
with satisfaction that one of the cross seats
was still vacant and seated herself by the
window with a comfortable sense of being
coddled by Dame Fortune. Two gentlemen
who occupied the opposite seat exchanged a
quick look as she did so. She was vaguely
annoyed, for she felt sure that, she had been
indulging in that idiotic habit of smiling at
her thoughts which was always making pao
ple stare at her in amazement.
The rain rolled smoothly down the car win
dows and the train squirmed around curves
and stopped from time to time to take up a
few more dripping humans, but she was only
Daily New York Letter.
BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL,
No. 21 Park Row, New York.
A Boom In Floating Palaceii.
May 21.—Ac is usual in a year when the
International yachting trophy is at stake,
there is a big boom among the designers and
builders of pleasure craft. This is even more
pronounced this year, because so many peo
ple are suffering from an over-abundance of
the purchasing medium. The shipbuilding
yards are so busy turning out yachts and
pleasure craft that their workmen are rushed
to the utmost in their efforts to complete
work on time. Many a launching will be de
layed for weeks and months after the date
first set because of the inability of master
mechanics to get labor and material on time,
but the general congestion in the trade is
responsible for this. A remarkable thing
about the present building of yachts is their
great size as compared with those of former
years. An expert marine architect is respon
sible for the statement that, not counting
the half-raters, knockabouts, small sloops
and catboats, upwards of $20,000,000 worth of
new yacht work was contracted for last fall,
and of this, the larger portion is due for de
livery between now and the middle of June.
Many of the largest have already been
launched, and ail sorts of ceremonies for
other launchlngs have been planned for the
next few months.
Some Handsome Boats.
One of the handsomest yachts now build
ing is the Orizaba, for Henry Clay Pierce
of St. Louis. The yacht is a steamer, 258
feet long and is building at Elizabethpori.
Another palace of the season will be the
Irene, for Leonard Lewlsohn of this city.
Edward R. Ladew's new Orienta, Just
launched, la another beauty, while Charles
sisted by his chief secretary, a general treas
urer and three general secretaries, who pre
side over the department of foreign affairs,
finance and the interior. In Brussels also sit
the Congo Free State supreme court of ap
peal, composed of some of the leading mem
bers of the Belgian bar, and to which all
appeal cases are sent from Boma. From
Brussels are issued all laws and decrees,
and the local government, with its seat at
Boma, acts in obedience to the king and his
udvisers in Brussels. The fact that the cen
tral government is at Brussels is merely a
matter of convenience to enable the king
to be in constant and direct communication
with his functionaries.
Secretary of State for the Congo.
Next to King Leopold, the chief figure in
the management of the affairs of this vast
new country is Baron Van Eetvelde, the
king's secretary of state for the Congo. To
A GOVERNMENT STATION ON THE CON GO.
him i 3 due the credit for the splendid organ
ization both, of internal and of foreign affairs.
At Brussels, where he is in constant commu
nication with King Leopold, he strives
against great obstacles to civilization and
progress, combating the Arabs, who contin
ually seek to escape the vigilance of the Con
go government and carry on the slave trade,
listening to the complaints of the missiona
ries and introducing new reforms.
At Boma resides the governor general, the
state Inspector and several directors of de
partments, all of whom, together with the
judge of appeal, the keeper of deeds and a
certain number of other members, not ex
ceeding five, form the governor general's
consulting committee. The different depart
ments are those of justice, transportation,,
marine, public works, commissary, agricul
ture and industry, defense, public force and
finance.
For purposes of administration the state is
subdivided into districts, over each of which
is placed a district commission or deputy
governor. The district, if very far from the
seat of government, is again subdivided into
zones, presided over by chiefs of zones, who
correspond directly with the governor, though
reporting all their communications to the
district commissioner, under whose authori-
ty they are directly placed.
Native Chiefs Are Recognized.
In October, 1891, a royal decree recognized
the rank of the native chiefs, placing them
under the authority of the district commis
sioner or his delegate. This measure has
greatly assisted the work of organization.
Justice is administered as far as possible
on the lines of the French code, which is
vaguely conscious of It. She was dreaming,
but she could scarcely have told of what.
She opened her eyes in bewilderment. Sure
ly, the Thirty-third street station! She made
her way quiokly through the crowd, barely
managing to get off before the gate closed,
and congratulating herself upon her escape.
But her elation was soon changed to conster
nation, for the umbrella—Mr. Murray Shel
don's umbrella —was missing.
She- stood there in the rain staring help
lessly at her empty hand. She might take
the next train and follow the umbrella up.
Then she remembered dismally that she
didn't know whether it was a Fifty-eighth
street or a Harlem train. There was nothing
to do but go home, start out early in the
morning and visit the Lost Article office.
But if she didn't find it! She became posi
tively hollow-eyed as she recalled that it had
a very odd handle —evidently a curio—for it
had an unusual, made-to-order look. It was
probably some souvenir of travel, something
which had associations, and she turned faint
as she pictured to herself Mr. Sheldon's emo
tions when he received the pleasing informa
tion that she had lost it.
Nine o'clock the next morning found her
in the dingy room, where by the murky yel
low light of a solitary gas Jet lost articles of
every description peered coquettishly out
from the shelves which lined the walls.
There were hundreds of umbrellas—umbrel
las with wooden handles, ivory handles. Dres
den handles, handles of glass, gold and silver
—there were umbrellas of every sort known
to man, it seemed to her, save only the one
she was seeking. It was sickening!
She made her way dejectedly to the office.
"Sick?" inquired the senior partner, who
was her second cousin, and who had moro
than once lectured her upon her carelessness.
She shook her head despondently.
"Lost something?" was the next question,
adn this time she looked at him without an
swering.
"I'd tell you about it," she volunteered at
last, "if you were not so unsympathetic."
But having reached the point where she
must unburden her mind, she told him any
way, remarking in a dignified tone as he
burst into a peal of laughter, "I am glad that
it amuses you."
"But what do you suppose that the handle
was?" she asked anxiously, overlooking his
brutal behavior in her anxiety to get expert
opinion.
"From your description I should fancy that
It might be a walrus tusk, which he or some
friend had brought back as a relic of an Arc
tic trip "
The girl groaned.
J. Fletcher of Providence has a new $250,000
yacht in the Alvina, built at Wilmington,
Del.
Up on the Harlem river workmen are fin
ishing another steam yacht for Samuel H.
Vandergrift of Pittsburg. The yacht la as
yet unnamed, but will be a large oue, with
a water line length of 85 feet. Still another
fine new steam yacht being built at Wilming
ton is for H. C. Wintringham, and will be
called the Cangarda. Her length will be 127
feet over all. Over in Brooklyn they are
finishing off a 60-foot steam yacht for Ed
ward If. Brown, formerly commodore of the
New York Yacht club. In addition, immense
sums have been placed this spring for the
construction of auxiliary schooner yachts
and out-«nd-out sailing schooners for off
shore cruising. One of the finest of these
is the Idler, being built for Henry T. Sloane
of the New Yoik Yacht club. The Idler is
115 feet long and one of the finest craft of
composite construction that has ever been
turned out. Another really fine steam auxil
iary schooner is the steel Edris, which Ches
ter W. Chapin is having built at the Eliza
tethport yards. She is booked for Florida
waters for a long cruise. A handsome 90-foot
auxiliary schooner, built for W. T. Rainey
of Philadelphia, is a noteworthy craft, as
is also one completed for E. A. Fairchild,
while one of the finest sailing schooners ever
constructed in America is being completed
on Shooters' island for Robert E. Tod of the
New York Yacht club. She is to replace the
famous Katrina, will be 152 feet all over and
will have a hull of steel.
Divorce Case Record.
Justice Glegerich of the supreme court
holds the record for the trial of divorce
cases. With a calendar containing 119 actions
TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 21, 1901.
the system in practice in Belgium. The
legislation of the- Free State is based on the
Belgium law, with special laws for the pro
tection of the natives and their interests.
Every year sees a great improvemen' in
matters of administration and justice. Ex-
perience goes far toward enlightening the
rulers of this enormous tropical land. It is
quite certain that no more abuses exist in
the valley of the Congo river than in any
other African colony, whether British. Dutch
or French. This is saying much, for the
Belgians have been in central Afrtca but
fifteen years, while the British and Dutch
colonies are old.
P«-i.|il«- of the Congo Free State.
One of the most interesting features of
the Congo Free State is its people-, who
are divided into many tribes, all differing
essentially from one another. Apart from
some well-known individuals, such as Muene
Putu and Aluata Yamvo, in the =south; Munza
and the Sultans Semio and Djabbir in the
north, the latter reigning over a large area,
the population of the valley of the Congo
lives in independent tribes, each under the
rule of a chief whose power is over a number
of subjects not greater than the population
of a medium-sized European village. Most
of the native villages contain no more than
fifty habitations, which include a population
of from 200 to 250.
The defense of such an enormous terri
tory as that of the Congo valley was at first
an almost hopeless problem and yet from
110 men in ISB9 the armed force rose to 12,000
in 1900. This "force publique" is the guar
dian of the peace, the guaranty of the state's
security, and may be ranked among rhe best
of colonial armies. Organized, instructed and
disciplined by Belgian officers, the Belgians
are naturally very proud of its. well-known
and fully recognized efficiency, for it has
freed the state from the Arabs and pro
tected its frontier from invasion—notably
from the fanatical dervishes—has successfully
quelled the internal feuds among native
tribes, protected the stations and guaranteed
the freedom and safety of the routes, seen
to the execution of the judgments of the
tribunals and, in short, acted as the right
hand of the government.
Schools and Missions.
The Congo Free State has realized from
the very first the importance of the spiritual
welfare of the nation and its first effort is
directed toward the child, but having as its
principle the respecting of native liberty
it in no way interferes with the education
of those children toward whom the parents
"What do you think I would better do?"
she asked with tears in her voice.
"There is the great Examplar," murmured
her cousin dreamily, "he who uttered the
immortal words, 'I did it with my littli
hatchet.' " And he looked at her teasingly.
"I don't agree with you," she protested
hastily; "I think it's a case for diplomacy.
What I need is time to think." And having
gotten his advice, she proceeded, woman
like, to act upon her own judgment.
A few minutes later the office boy handed
Mr. Sheldon a note which informed him tha*
she "had carelessly failed to bring his um
brella down" that morning and which ex
pressed the hope that "a few hours' delay in
returning it would cause him no inconven
ience."
Upon reading this note Mr. Sheldon"s eye
brows went up involuntarily and he swung
around in his chair and gazed for a moment
at the rack in the corner of his room. Then
he looked at the letter and then—he burst
out laughing! After some hesitation he re
marked aloud: "If the lady says she has
forgotten to bring my umbrella down—why
she has—that's all." And he penned a po
lite reply which conveyed to Miss Hatton
Mr. Sheldon's earnest hope that she would
give herself no uneasiness about the matter
and would consult her own convenience about
returning the umbrella.
There was a quizzical look in his eyes for
the rest of the morning and something of the
uneasiness that tormented Miss Hatton her
self was discernible in his manner. She must
be dreadfully uncomfortable he knew. But
he would wait a few hours and give her a
chance to make another move before he
acted.
For the truth of the matter was that' the
umbrella was resting in the rack in the
corner of his private office—but how was he
to communicate the fact to her in the face
of her note regretting "that she had care
lessly failed to bring it down," etc. He,
too, was sparring for time.
"Poor little girl," he thought, as he re
turned from his lunch at 2 o'clock and there
-was still no word. She Is probably making
herself sick over it. She must be told—but
how to do it—that was the question.
Ah—the very thing. He seated himself at
his desk and rapidly wrote the following
note:
"My Dear Miss Hatton: I have Just come
in and find my umbrella in the rack. I
trust that you have put yourself to no trouble
in the matter, else I should feel that the um
brella had been of more annoyance than
service to you. Sincerely yours.
—"Murray Sheldon."
for the severance of the ties that bind, when
he opened court on one day this week, the
justice heard forty-two cases before he ad
journed court for the day and rendered de
cisions in thirty-seven of them. The other
five must needs have further testimony before
a decision will be given. Of course all these
cases were undefended, but" nevertheless the
law requires corroborated testimony in each
case of the misdeeds of the man or woman
from whom freedom is sought by the one
bearing the other side of the yoke. Thi3
necessitates keeptng court in session until
after 11 o'clock at night while case after
case, each as alike as two peas with the ex
ception of the names of plaintiffs, defend
ants and co-respondents, was reeled off to
the attentive, or seemingly attentive, ear of
the justice. Then he gave the welcome de
cisions to thirty-seven plaintiffs, who were
awaiting the word to contract further matri
monial alliances. In spite of the fact that
there are several needy and waiting ministers
to tie other knots, the remainder of the 113
cases were sent over to October.
Blind Pool Bonanza.
The profits of a "blind pool" bucket shop
were shown in the testimony of a former
partner in the notorious Dean syndicate.
While he was in the firm, $500,000 was re
ceived and but $2,000 lost in Wall street. The
partners divided $.''.10,000 between them.
The Xlgrht-SticU fare.
A crusade agaist "fake" cripples by the
police department developed some ludicrous
incidents to-day. No, sanatorium ever effect
ed as marvelou3 cures as did a few partol
men with night sticks. The blind were made
to see. the deaf to hear and the tame to walk.
In Fifth avenue, usually a beggar's para-
accomplish their duty; the task of winning
these children to what we consider a civil
ized education is lefc to the missions. Th*
Btate takes under its wing all children who
are abandoned, those who have been rescued
from the Arab slave-traders and those whom
the parents wilfully neglect. For these chil
dren schools have been established through
out the state, and there the rising black gen
eration is taughi. every conceivable trade
destined to be of any use in Africa. Besides
these schools, which may be compared with
our orphan asylums, there are mission,
schools, numerous, well-conducted and giving
really gratifying results. And yet children
are not the only ones who go to school in the
Congo, for every station, every camp, every
post, every workshlp or -workyard is a real
school governed by wise rules and regula
tions, where, by contact with the white man,
the native familiarizes himself with what we
flatter ourselves is the highest degree of
civilization, our own.
Protestant missions flourish alongside of tho
Catholic missions and all are doing good work
with practical results.
RennltM of the Great Enterprise.
Many voices have been raised against th 9
state, its government and its king; some
missionaries have called the attention of
Christianity to what they consider to be
tPrrible abuses; district agents of large com
panies holding important concessions hava
been discovered perpetrating the gravest of
misdemeanors; some Europeans in power
have been accused of murder and crimes even
more terrible, committed through abuse of
their power over the blacks when all superior
authority has been too far away to keep its
KING LEOPOLD 11.
watchful eye upon them. Yet in every rase
that has been brought to light the young
state has never tried to hide its shame, ljut
has made every endeavor to bring the mis
creants to justice.
In such a new country, such a vast terri
tory as the Congo, no nation has ever suc
ceeded in organizing such a government, in
the short^space of fifteen years, as that or
ganized by King Leopold and his able sup
porters. From every point of view it may
justly be said that the Belgians have worked
marvels in central Africa and King Leopold,
whose life work it has been, is now gather
ing the fruits of his labors and his subjects
are reaping the benefit of that country, whose
riches are a source of steadily increasing
profits to those who have risked their capital
there. The industry of Belgium has found
a new outlet, the home markets have become
animated by the steady influx of the Congo's
tropical products and before many years we
may safely count upon the Congo Free State
as the wealthiest and most prosperous of all
tropical countries.
He rang for the office boy and sent the
note, feeling that at last the episode was
closed.
The note was handed Miss Hatton ten min
utes later and she gave a gasp as she rec
ognized the writing. She had gained time
to think and she had thought and thought
and thought, but to no purpose. And now—
probably Mr. Sheldon was leaving town or
something and wanted his umbrella.
"Read it to me," she said, appealingly.
"Read it out loud.'
There was no mistake. Mr. Sheldon thanked
her for returning his umbrella! Even the
senior partner looked puzzled.
"What shall I do now?" she demanded.
"Have you ever happened to notice how
very like a confessional the telephone booth
looks?" he inquired in an innocent manner.
"Perhaps that will be the best way," she
agreed.
The glib speech which she had prepared
suddenly went out of her mind when, in
answer to her rather timid "Is this Mr.
Sheldon? 1' a masculine voice affirmed that it
was and waited for her to reveal herself
further.
"This is Miss Hatton—" What was sho
going to say next? She could not remember.
"I want to tell you that I did it—l mean
that I didn't return your umbrella. I left
it on an "L- train."
She could have bitten her tongue at the
way in which she blurted out this crude
statement. She had meant to put it so dif
ferently.
A queer sound came over the wire. She
hoped nervously that Mr. Sheldon was not
apoplectic and was distinctly relieved when,
after a second's pause, his reply came.
"I shall have to confess," he said, in a
confidential tone, "that I knew you did not
return it."
She almost dropped the receiver. Was tha
umbrella bewitched, or was she losing her
mind.
"You see," he went on; "my friend and 1,
sat opposite you on the train last night. We
were rather amused at tie coincidence. (That
accounted for the quick glance that had so
annoyed her.) 1 saw that you did not rec
ognize me, and it wa* not until the train
was under way that I discovered that you
had left the umbrella."
■"But you didn't tell me," she began, im
petuously.
"1 know," quickly came the answer. "But
you see, Miss Hatton, 1 was practicing a
little diplomacy."
"So was I," she confessed. In a very small
voice. ""Please let's forgive each other."
disc, one panhandler was laboriously drag?
ging himself along near St. Patrick's cathei
dral, with his left leg apparently paralyzed.
A policeman kicked him forcibly and the
supposed cripple ran like a deer for six
blocks. Another seeker after alms was sit
ting on a stoop, hat in lap, and a sign pinned
to his coat, "I have no arms." Nor did he—
in his coat sleeve—for the reason that they
were tied to his side. Two blind men grop
ing their way through the crowd were able
to detect the officer who approached them,
and later an oculist declared they had unusu
ally good eyesight. All sorts and conditions of
fakirs, from 12-year-old boys to gray-haired
men, were gathered in by the police.
-N. N. A.
South Dakota Land Boom.
Sioux Falls Argus Leader.
The day of booming land, values In South
Dakota is at hand. We have before ua a
case efrom Clay county, where. In 1892, a man
bought a quarter section of land for $15
which he has sold for $37.50, having added
very few improvements meanwhile. Here is
an increase of over £50 »er cent in eight
year 3, or 30 per cent a year! South Dakota
jand beats any trust In the countrj as a
money-maker.
Xevr Southern Republicanism.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
The whites of the south ought to be able to
divide on the vital questions of the day from
this time onward with the freedom which is
seen in the north and the west. • • • The
country is ■undoubtedly on the eve of a break
In the democratic line in South Carolina and
its neighboring states, and the creation of a
new and vigorous republican, party through
out the entire south.

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