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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNpKE.
PKICE TWO CENTS. DISCUSSING k REVISION Pending Business of Presby terian General Assembly. AN UNIMPEDED DEBATE Decks Cleared for Action Upon This Most Momentous Question. DESIRE OF THE* PRESBYTERIES Statistical Showing of Their Pref erence* In Relation to the Creed. Philadelphia, May 23.—The important question of revising the creed, which for the past two years has been agitating the Presbyterian church, came before the gen eral assembly to-day, and a long debate ensued. Last week the report of the spec ial committee on revision, of which the Rew Dr. Charles A. Dickey of thi9 city is chairman, was made the order for 9 o'clock to-day, with the additional condi tion that the discussion should not be in terrupted by other business until the com missioners had reached some definite con clusion. The committee was appointed by the general assembly at St. Louis last year. The controversy regarding revision has led to the formation of three groups among the 640 commissioners to the gen eral assembly. First, there is the con servative group, composed of those op posed to any change whatever in the doc trinal standards of the church. Then there is a party desirous of setting aside the confession of faith as not truthfully expressing the belief of the church. Be tween these stand the centrists, who fa vor maintaining the old confession with a few modifications and who desire the adoption of a clear "declarative" state ment setting forth the most important doctrines and laying special emphasis upon the love of God for mankind and the work of the Holy Spirit. How the Presbyteries Stood. In answer to the questions submitted to the presbyteries, fifty asked the as sembly to dismiss the whole subject, one waß undecided, four said they neither de sired a revision, a supplemental state ment nor the dismissal of the whole sub ject and of the 23J presbyteries, 15 in the United States and 16 in foreign lands failed to respond. Of the remaining pres byteries, nearly two-thirds of the whole number asking for some change in the creedal statement, 47 desire a revision of the confession, 11 an -explanatory state ment, 1 revision and an explanatory statement, 52 a supplemental statement, 15 revision and a supplemental state ment, 1 an explanatory statement and a supplemental statement, 14 a substitute creed, 1 an alternative creed, and 6 some change, not specified. After the opening hymn, "Come, Thou, Almighty King," prayer was offered by Rev. Dr. David S. Kennedy of Allegheny, Pa., who invoked the divine.assistance in the consideration of-the momentous ques tion before the assembly. The debate on revision was delayed by the report of the committee on bills and overtures and other matters. Rev. Dr. Asa S. Fiske of Washington, D. C, offered a resolution congratulating President McKinley upon the prompt recovery from an apparently fatal illness of Mrs. Mc- Kinley and offering thanks to God at the prospect of her early return to her home. The resolution was unanimously adopted. Dr. Roberts, stated clerk, announced that there Is still two days' business to be disposed of after the revision question is settled. The Report Read. The order of the day, the reading of the report of the special commitee on re vision, came before the assembly at 10 o'clock. Rev. Dr. Dickey, chairman of the committee, read the report, and was closely followed by all the commissioners, ■who held copies. A minority report, signed by Rev. Dr. McKibben of Cincinnati and E. W. Hum phrey of Louisville, was read by Dr. Mc- Kibben. In presenting the report, Dr. Mc- Kibben said he would like to say a word regarding the spirit which prevailed at the meetings of the committee. He de clared that sensational reports had ap peared ie the newspapers v/hich were with out one iota of truth. Dr. McKibben said the meetings of the commission were con ducted under the most harmonious condi tions. On motion of Dr. James D. Moffatt of the Washington, Pa., presbytery, the re ports were received. Rev. Dr. Samuel J. Nlccolb of St. Louis moved that as the first recommendations in both reports were similar, those recom mendations be adopted. Dr. Dickey claimed that under the rules of the assembly he and Dr. McKibben were entitled to speak on their reports be fore any motions were presented. Dr. Nlccolb said he made the motion in the interest of fairness. The main issue, he said, was the appointment of a com mittee whose instructions were to come later, and he believed that by adopting the first recommendation the assembly would have the whole report in better shape for consideration. Rev. Dr. John De Witt of Princeton sprang to his feet and addressing Dr. Xic colb said: "How do you know we want to appoint a committee? Suppose we want to dismiss the matter?" Dr. Moffatt moved a substitute motion to adopt the whole of the majority re port. Several amendments were offered, but there was so much confusion that Dr. Kiccolb withdrew his motion. Dr. Moffatt Ihen moved to adopt the majority report. An amendment was offered to substitute ihe majority report. To DiiCDm the Whole Matter. Before the last motion was put Dr. Seorge D. Baker of Philadelphia offered the following: Whereas, The vote of the presbyteries on creedal revision indicates an utter lack of unanimity as to what should be done in the matter; and, whereas, this lack of unanimity means a protracted period of controversy and unrest in case the movement for revision be persisted in; and, whereas, the disturb ance of the Confession of Faith would be in the way of union or reunion with other churches now holding this symbol unim paired, which unon is earnestly desired and prayed for; therefore. Resolved. That this general assembly deems it inexpedient to proceed further in the matter of revision at this time, and it hereby dismisses the whole matter. Tlje reading of the resolution brought forth considerable applause. There were loud calls for Dr. Dickey to speak on the resolution. Before he got started on his subject, however, a point of order was raised against discussion of the resolu tion to indefinitely postpone. To expedite matters, Dr. Baker changed the wording of his resolution as originally written by striking out the words "indefinitely post- Cuntinued on Secoad Page, STRANGLES HIMSELF Bresci, the Assassin of King Humbert, Commit ted Suicide in the Penitentiary, Making a Rope From His Blankets. Rome, May 28.— c ,c. "■» assassin of the late King Humbert, h nxnitted suicide at the penitentiary of Santo Stefano. Bresci recently had been suffering from extreme excitement, declared to be from remorse. Tuesday night he made a rope from his blankets and strangled himself. On the wall of Bresci's cell the word "Vengeance" was scratched with his bloody thumb-nail. Bresci's violence last week culminated in his attacking a jailor, in consequence of which he was placed in a straightjacket. Later the prisoner feigned docility in GOES DOWN WITH ALL ON BOARD British Steamer, Croft, Sinks in Mid-Atlantic, and the Story Is Told by a Message in a Bottle. Londan, May 23.—A bottle which was picked up at Granton to-day contained a message saying that the steamer Croft, with all hands, was sinking in mid- Atlantic. The British steamer Croft of Death in a Volcanic Eruption Batavia, Java, May 23.—The volcano of Keloet is in eruption. The lava is threatening the Blitar coffee plantations and has endangered Kediri. The district is in total darkness. It is reported that there has been great loss of life, many natives having been overwhelmed with lava. The population of Blitar is fleeing. A heavy rain of cinders continued falling to-day, covering six districts, aggregat ing one-third of the island, including Kediri, Surakarta and Samarang. New Place Found for Pettigrew Special to The Journal. • Sioux Falls, S. D., May 23.—Ex-Senator R. F. Pettigrew does not admit he has had a tender of any position by President Hill and says positively there is no truth in the story of the tender''of the presidency of the Northern Pacific. Asked whether he had been offered the head of the legal department of the Great Northern. Mr. Pettigrew answered, "I have nothing to Bay." It is understood here that Pettigrew has been offered the position of manager of the land department of the Northern Pacific and Great Northern. The senator and wife left last night for the Pacific coast. Spring Lambs Killed by Crows Special to The Journal. Baraboo, Wis., May 23. —Farmers in Richland county have been losing many spring lambs of late, and could not for a long time account for the loss. Recently a farmer who had lost several lambs discovered that it was the work of crows. The crows alight upon the backs of young lambs and with their bills drill holes in the top of the animals' heads, and in this manner succeed in killing them. Tied on the Platt Amendment Havana, May 23.—El Mundo claims to-day that the Cuban constitutional conven tion stands 14 to 14 on the Platt amendment. President Capote being opposed to it and controlling the deciding vote. llliSiiiiiliSiilsilffii THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 23, 1901. order to secure an opportunity to commit suicide which he accomplished by hanging himself with an improvised rope attached to the celling. In the earlier days of hia imprisonment, Bresci resented orders to keep silent and threatened to kill him self. At a cabinet council held at the Quirnal to-day Signor Giolitti, minister of the in terior, informed the king of the suicide of Bresci. His majesty remained pensive for a few moments and then said: "It is, perhaps, the best thing that could have happened to the unhappy man." the Arrow line, laden with grain and gen eral merchandise, sailed from New York Jan. 25, 1899, for Leith and Dundee with a crew of twenty-five men and was never again heard of. She has long since been posted as missing, at Lloyds. THE HAZER HAZED, CORTELYOD FOR CABINET President's Secretary to Be Given a Boost. POSTMASTER GENERAL Reporf of Mr. Smith's Retirement Persisted In. EXAMINED FOR WEST POINT Fate of Some Northwestern Boys "Who Yearn for Shoulder strap*. From The Journal Bureau. Room US, Pott Building, Washington. :.;,_ Washington, May 23.—Seemingly relia ble information has been received here that George Cortelyou, secretary to the president, is soon to receive a very sub stantial promotion. It is said that the president intends to put him into the cabinet, providing matters work out as he now anticipates. In spite of an explicit denial, the story still goes around that Postmaster General Smith will soon retire and this is the place, which rumor says Cortelyou is to have. It is not impossi ble, however, that it will be "something equally as good." It has been customary for the president to 3o something hand some for a secretary who proves efficient and it is well known that Cortelyou has made himself unusually strong. EXAMINATION The mental exami nation of candidates FOR for cadetships has been finished at the CADETSHIPS. naval academy. The candidates from the northwest who failed to come up to exact requirements and were allowed to pass by the academy board were: Vaugan H. Coman of Wisconsin and Cornelius N. Stanton of lowa. George S. Sweeney of lowa and Walter E. Kennedy of Wisconsin failed on mental tests and were rejected by the board. The physical tests are still in progress. CRISIS IN The crisis in Alex. McKenzie's pardon McKEN'ZIE case seems rapidly approaching. Presi- CASE. dent McKinley has gone ovtr the case carefully with the judges of the federal court of appeals in San Francisco and the department of justice here has been kept fully advised of everything that has hap pened. It was thought the president would announce his decision several days ago, but he changed his mind and con cluded to hold the case open until late this week. It is believed he will act be fore starting east. As a result of con ferences in San Francisco, it is said at the department of jnitice th*t the presi dent and judges have finally reached com mon ground and that whatever the presi dent's action is, they will indorse It. Let ters and telegrams have been exchanged between Senator McCumber, now under stood to be at home in Wabpeton, and certain people in San Francisco in an effort to secure through McCumber the consent of McKenzie's North Dakota friends to the agreement the president and judges seem to have reached. The nature of this agreement will not be discussed by the attorney general, but it is inti mated that both the president and the judges have yielded certain points. —W. W. Jermane. Washington Small Talk. Increases in salaries of presidential post masters were announced to-day as follows: lowa—lncreases: Arlington, $1,000 to $1,100; Mason City, $2,500 to $2,600; Musoatine, $2,500 to $2,700; Newton, $2,300 to $2,400; Oakland, $1,200 to $1,300; Onawa, $1,600 to $1,700; Ot tumwa, $3,000 to $3,100. South Dakota—lps wich, $1,000 to $1,100. I>r. W. S. Cuff has been appointed pension examining surgeon at Morris. Minn. J. F. Taylor was to-day appointed postmas ter at Sciola, Montgomery county, lowa. Tolstoi's message to the Americans says that war is a leading cause of the miseries of the world. THE FIGHT IS ON THE SEAS James J. Hill Sketches for the Journal the Transportation Problem of the Century and Its Solution. The Pacific Routes Against the Suez—Strategic Position of the Northern Roads and the Burlington. "The fight is on the high xseas. The great traffic contest is between the Pacific on the one hand, and the Suez canal and Cape Horn ou the other." This is the way James J. Hill, of the Great Northern, put the traffic situation, in the comprehensive interview with which he favored The Journal this morn ing. "It Is not a fight between this section, or city, or road, or the other," continued Mr. Hill, "at least so far as I am con cerned. It Is a big question of traffic de velopment; It is a question of commercial development and industrial development for the country at large. Our competitor is not here, not in New York, not in San Francisco; he is on the high seas. Our fight is national, or rather, it is interna tional. Our problem is to get hold of the commerce of the Pacific ocean and bring it across the Pacific and across the United States, instead of allowing It to be di verted around the globe via the Suez canal and Cape Horn." Then he had a word to say regarding those who thought he was engaged in a traffic fight. Shoving his hand through his hair and striding quickly across the room, he "said in a subdued tone full of energy: "All I desire is to be let alone, to be left in peace, and do what I can to de velop the country' 3 commerce, unhindered by petty jealousies and slanders. "I do not expect to receive any bless ings for my labors during this life," said Mr. Hill with a laugh. "But I shall try to lay the foundations of my work so deep," he continued, "that when I pass from the scene it will not be necessary for those who follow to dig it all up and begin over again." A Glance Into the Future. "Novf, looking at it broadly, what Is the situation? What of our commercial future? Turn to our rate of population growth. We are doubling every thirty years. We have multiplied more during the past thirty-flve years than during the 300 preceding. From the landing of the Mayflower down to the close of the civil war we grew to 35,000,000; but since 1865 we have increased 41,000,000. At this rate during the next thirty years we may grow to 150,000,000. "What shall we do with this popula tion? How many can we use in manufac turing? We now employ less than one quarter. At the most not over one-third, or 50,000,000, can be employed in manu factures, railroading, trade and the pro fessions. The bulk of the remaining 100,000,000 must go to the land. Where will they go? Not to New England with its rocky and unproductive hills. New England, to use a term in physics, is filled to the 'saturation' point. Nor will the south take much of the increase, with the exception of the Latin influx from south ern Europe. No, the great increase will be in the valleys of the Ohio, Mississippi, Missouri and westward, the fertile prairies of the great central west and be yond, wherever irrigation is possible. , "Now then, what will these 100,000,000 on the land of the west produce? Food, will they not? They will produce the three great staples of traffic —food, fuel and shelter —but food in the main." What Asia Will Buy. "Now, cross the Pacific and what do we find? Millions of people, and what can they buy? What can a man who earns a shilling a day, and that is the average wage of the orient, buy of us? Can he buy luxuries? Can he buy any great amount of manufactured goods at all? No. Me will buy only what he is com pelled to buy to sustain life. He will do most of his own manufacturing, after a little, for labor with him is cheap and plenty. He will want of us only the simple staples, as grain, provisions, raw cotton, etc.," from which to weave his cloth, and perhaps a little lumber, coal and some hand tools. But his principal demand will be for food —just the products which the present coming population of America's great central and western, zone is prepared to furnish. "So here we have a big traffic proposi tion —to place the great surplus staples of central and western America at the door of the orient, and bring back from the latter anything that we can use. The future has in store for us along this line a vast commerce. Pnget Sound the Short Cat. "The next question is: How shall it be handled; by what route shall it go? Shall America handle it, or Europe? Will it go by the Pacific -or by the Suez and Korn? I hope that America will handle it, and by the Pacific. Geography and nature declare it and trade cannot resist them." Mr. Hill then brought out from a stack of atlasses a number of maps giving ocean distances; showing that Puget sound, by the great meridian circles, is the short cut for commerce, not only with Japan and northern China, but with Manila and the entire Pacific coast of Asia. The BnrJingrton Territory. "We come now," said Mr. Hill, "to your question regarding the Burlington and the resources of the Burlington territory. The Burlington has food and fuel to a degree not possessed by any other trans portation system. Reaching from Chicago to Dearer, and from toe twia cities to 12 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK. St. Louis and Kansas City, it covers the richest and most diversified zone in the world in the production of grain and pro visions and fuel. Now, what do these central prairies of Illinois, lowa, Mis souri and Nebraska require in return? They need lumber. From where is the lumber to come? From Washington and British Columbia. That is the only re gion with a heavy lumber surplus. Now look at the volume of this traffic. The great central belt between the Alleghenies and the Rockies consumes something like 10,000,000,000 feet of lumber annually, and produces perhaps half of that. Some of this will come from the south, but the bulk from the Puget Sound country. "Thus, on the one hand, we have a vast surplus volume of grain, provisions and fuel in the Mississippi and Missouri val leys seeking eastern and western outlets, and a similar large surplus product of lumber in the Puget sound country like wise pushing for markets, and especially for the treeless prairies of the Mississippi and Missouri. Now, grain, provisions, fuel and lumber constitute the principal heavy staples which govern traffic and make traffic routes. What, then, have we reached? We have a tremendous volume of traffic across the northwest between Puget sound and the Mississippi valley. The northern roads will carry westward the meat and corn and coal, together with the raw cotton originating within Burlington territory at St. Louis, and will place these products on the Pacific docks for export to Asia, sfnd for the return trip the freight trains will bring back lumber for the central west and the east. Nature and her products govern transportation routes and traffic; we railway men can simply get in line or fall out by the way. Now, these facts, "which I have gone into farther than I intended, demonstrate the future of a great northwestern traffic, do they not?" Ilurling(on-\orthern Pacific Status. "What is the status of the Burlington deal, Mr. Hill?" asked The Journal representative. "The purchase of the Burlington by the northern roads is accomplished. The con dition that two-thirds of the. Burlington shares be deposited for exchange for Great Northern-Northern Pacific bonds on or before May 20, has been more than met. In fact, 95 per cent of the shares had been deposited with the directors on May 18, when I left New Yorte." "How about the control of the Northern Pacific? Have the Union Pacific inter ests bought the road, as claimed?" "The Northern Pacific," said Mr. Hill, with a smile, "has not changed bands. It is in the same control that it was, and under the same traffic polilcy." "Does the purchase of the Burlington by the Northern roads, then imply that the Burlington will handle Great North ern and Northern Pacific freight east and south of the twin cities?" "The Burlington, of course, along with the other Chicago roads. There are six good Chicago roads, and they must always interchange their traffic." "But it is claimed, Mr. Hill, that in order to make good the guarantee of 8 per cent on the Burlington shares, which the basis of exchange implies, the North ern roads will have to give the Burling ton a largely increased slice of their traffic volume, for Burlington stock now is earning only 6 per cent." Nature and the Shipper Control. "It is too early now to talk of trans portation economics and traffic manage ment, and I do not propose to do so simp ly to satisfy the critics. But let me ask this: Who is the man who says by what road a certain lot of freight shall be hauled? The shipper has the say, not I. How can I dictate to you what road shall haul your goods? That is your affair. And what will govern you in your choice of road? Two things—the directness of the route and the rate. But these, again, are governed by the fact as to which road is built and run most closely in accord with nature and commerce; in other words, is the shortest cut between the sources of supply and demand, possesses the easiest grades, has the most economical and scien tific methods, has in its territory the greatest volume of the staple articles of traffic, and has laid its rails along the nat ural trade highways of present and future generations. "After all is said, we railway managers are largely automatons in the shuttle. We must move as nature and commerce dic tate. We succeed only as we obey the great natural laws and the public interest. As between roads and magnates, it is a case of survival of the fittest. Who ie the fittest; which road, what route? That which geography, gravitation, climate, production, population, commercd and progress select, control and support. The others must pass from view." Wouldn't Show the Vaccination Scar Special to The Journal. Sault Ste Marie, Mich., May 23.—Sault Ste Marie. Ont, has begun a smallpox quarantine against Sault Ste Marie, Mich., and la enforcing it. At the Canadian ferry dock an inspector is stationed, who permits nobody to land unless in the pos session of a certificate of vaccination, or who can show scfcr:* of successful vaccina tion. « The alternative is to return to thia side or to submit forthwith to the opera tion. A funny incident transpired yesterday afternoon when two young ladies visited the Canadian Soo. They had not heard of the quatantlne and consequently were not prepared for the ordeal. One of them promptly exposed her arm and was passed. During the Inspectian the other appeared deeply- perturbed and when asked by the Inspector if she had been vaccinated, replied affirmatively. "Bare your arm," said the doctor. "But, sir," she said blushingly, "I was not vaccinated on the arm, but on the leg.** Then the' physician blushed in turn, took the lady's word for it and passed her along. There is really no occasion for the quarantine here. The camps have nearly all broken up for the season and there are only a tew mild cases, which were promptly, taken to the isolation hospital. __^ Decoyed to Chicago and Robbed Special to The Journal. ;, ;:;'..^r^y;:-; . v , • ,; Chicago, May 23.—John McNulty believes he was decoyed from Duluth, Minn., . that hhre r might be robbed. The Desplalnes street police are looking for his assailants; McNulty received a • telegram three days ago to come to Chicago at [ once; as an .;: uncle had died and left him some money. s He was : advised that he would be met at i?i the train here by someone who would \ care for him. ? When \he readied < the } North western station he was met by two men, and together, they set out for the northwest side.' : On : the % way they stopped at - several saloons and •in the ' end- the - Duluth ; man was abandoned. * ' ' . rrr; He awoke early yesterday morning outside the alley entrance to a saloon. Hi» pockets, had been turned inside «at sal to* pars*, containing was gone. WHOLESALE INDICTMENT More Than ioo Saloonkeepers Under the Ban. GRAND JUEY'S WORK They Are Accused of Illegally Transferiing Licenses. THE BREWERS ARE INTERESTED Will Fight . for Saloonkeeper*— . tlonal Brewen' Association May Be Drawn In. Over a hundred saloonkeepers have bees indicted by the grand jury for illegally transferring licenses. . The indictments may be returned to-night or to-morrow. t : The Jury's final report will contain ■ sweeping condemnation of the practice of transferring saloon licenses. The busi ness of handling saloon license : has reached a point where absolutely no at* tention is paid to the ordinance govern ing those instruments. Neither the city; council, the city clerk, the city controller or the license committee is consulted re- ■ garding such transfers. They are made with the sanction of the license inspec tor alone, an officer who; derives his au thority from the superintendent of police or the mayor himself. / . The license ordinance expressly de* Clares: "No license granted under this ordinance shall be assignable," and in an other place the language is equally ex-« plicit regarding another phase of the busi ness, to-wit: "Any license granted un* der the conditions of this ordinance shall be.void if the business permitted thereby, is removed to another locality : than th« one described in said license." As most of the saloons owe their ex* istence to the brewers who foster them. It is clear that any transfers that are made must be handled by those financial agencies. The brewers . say they cannot afford to invest $1,000 in a license, to lose it a few weeks afterwards should it be discovered that the man selected to run. the saloon is dishonest or incompetent or both. The brewer naturally seeks to save himself by placing the saloon in other hands, hence the transfer of the license through the medium of the li cense inspector. The Brewers' Side. The brewers maintain that there Is no reason in the world why such transfers should not be made. They declare that it is wholly to their interest to secure good men to conduct the saloons under their supervision, and that to suppose they would put a disreputable man in. charge of a saloon is as absurd as to sup pose a railroad company would put a drunken flagman to watch a bridge. There are, of course, many saloons which are in nowise dependent upon the brewers for support, some of them of the lowest type, end the grand jury hopes to reach this class of offenders who cheat the law by dodging behind license trans fers. There is no doubt but that if an attempt is made to stop the trafficking in liquor licenses, the brewers will put up a tre mendous fight. They say they have right and common sense on their side, and they have plenty of money to spend in the courts. If the fight should be pre cipitated it would not be the local brewers alone with whom the authorities would have to contend, but with the National Brewers' association, an organization with millions of dollars back of it, ready to b* used in Just such cases. Jury Still Grinding. The grand Jury called a halt in its in vestigation of nickel-ln-the-slot gambling and other kindred evils this morning, and. by way of diversion, some attention was given to the business of the criminal branch of the municipal court. The Jury summoned Ed Allen, clerk of the court, who appeared loaded down with huge books containing the records of th» court. More Indictments. Last evening the Jury returned anothe* batch of fourteen indictments, several of which, it 1b thought, are against Fred A. Briggs, who Is already under a of charges, and It Is rumored that at least two of the bills are on more serious counts than the ones already returned. It is thought that the Jury will not mak« a final report until Monday, and in th« meantime will take a day off and visit the several city and county institutions. PLUNGING IN WHEAT '.*' Sew Diversion of Members of th« New York: Stock Exchange. JT*u> Tor* Sun Special Strvtou . ':.,'*. New York, May 23.—For the first tim« in several years the members of the stock exchange are plunging heavily in wheat.' The Waldorf-Astoria crowd around. the» United . States Steel post are carrying about 1,500,000 bushels of wheat futures* 'The stock exchange members plunge mora heavily than the local speculators on th* produce exchange.