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THE JOURNAL
i . =
LUCIAN SWIFT, J. S. McLAIX
MANAGER. . EDITOR.
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THE JOURNAL, la publUhec*
every evening, except Sunday, at
47-49 Fourth Street South. Journal
Building, Minneapolis. Minn.
C. J. mtl.oii. Manager Foreign Adver
tising Department.
NEW YORK OFFICE—, 87, 88 Tribune
building.
CHICAGO OFFICE— •*>« Stock Ex
change building. , . ■
CU.V.VGES OF ADDRESS
Subscribers ordering addresses of their
papers changed must always give th«ir
former as well as present address.
The Grand Jury's Repobt
The chief trouble with the grand jury's
report is that the grand jury has taken it
out so largely in scolding and has done
go little to bring the scolded under the
discipline of the law. What the grand
Jury says is true enough. Almost any
body will agree to that except the sub
jects of the criticism and their political
and personal friends. But this denuncia
tion cf the present administration would
have been much more effective if it had
been accompanied by some presentments
to the court for trial. About the only
•ffect apparently is to excite resentment
on the part of the administration and pro
voke it to still further excesses and
abuses of authority. It would seem as if
nothing could halt the administration in
its progress along the lines it has chosen j
to follow until it arrived at that point j
•where impeachment becomes necessary.
Fortunately there still remains the
county executive, the sheriff's office,
through which citizens may put obstacles
in the way of lawlessness, punish crim
inals, check the reign of vice, restrict
the power of the saloon, control the
gamblers, and in other ways secure for
the community that protection against the
vicious element which the present admin
istration is determined it shall not have,
and in this direction the people must look
for whatever relief is to be secured.
In the meantime this administration is
making a record which the republican
party of Minneapolis must deal with. The
consequences cannot be escaped. The
blind partizanship which confirmed at the
regular election the wretched mistake of
the primaries will bring its legitimate
consequences. The republicans are bound
to repudiate absolutely this whole ad
ministration, and the quicker they do it
the better. There ought to fee at this
time some expression of republican lead
ership in order that it may be understood
and asserted that Amesism is not repub
licanism; that it never was and never can
be.
One of the most important parts of the
report of the grand jury is its recom
mendations with regard to ■ the city hos
pital. As long as Dr. Ames Is the "whole j
thing" in the board of corrections and
charities, the probabilities are that there
•will be no attention paid to those recom
mendations. The grand jury finds, how
ever, that our city hospital is one of the
last places to which a sick man or any
one requiring surgical attendance would
wish to go. Here is an institution that
ought to command the confidence of the
public. It exists particularly for the
benefit of the poor. In view of the reve
lations that have been made with regard
to }hat institution, it must be a desperate
case which would induce any one to sub
mit himself to treatment there. The con
ditions which obtain there are a disgrace
to the community which has provided lib
erally in the way of money raised by tax
ation for the support of a public hospital.
The old proverb—
Xo rogue e'er felt the halter draw
With good opinion of the law,
receives #. fresh illustration of its truth
in Minneapolis Just now.
The Wedge in South Carolina
The democratic journals are taking a
■wrong view of republican sentiment as to
the McLaurin-Tillman incident in South
Carolina.
The republicans are not counting Sen
ator McLaurin in the republican ranks at
all. It is Senator Tillman who is placing
McLaurin there and holding him up for
execration to the South Carolina people.
Republicans, of course, look with some
satisfaction upon the division of demo
cratic sentiment In the state which has
been notorious for its adhesion to ex
treme democratic views, for it means that
there will be a readjustment of politics
In the southern states and that the ele
ment which has done most to intensify
sectional feeling and stay the progress
of the Souths strong development is,
after a long term of domination, getting
on the underside.
Tillman may win in the proposed sena
torial contest, but he will never win
again on his platform. Indeed Tillman,
the man who was chiefly instrumental in
the amalgamation of populism and south
ern democracy, showed significant weak
ness at his last election, for, at the pri
maries, his name was scratched from the
democratic ticket by thirty thousand
voters out of a round one hundred thou
sand. He is not supreme.
A split among the South Carolina Bour
bons is likely to extend through the whole,
chain of ex-slave states. It means that.
In the south, there will be two white
men's parties calling themselves demo
cratic, insuring the dissolution of south
ern solidarity, the antagonism of the
party of progress and nationalism and the
party of retrograde Bourbonism.
It is barely possible that McLaurin will
be sustained at the primaries, which in
South Carolina determine the election,
as the primary determination is manda
tory upon the state legislature. Tillman
Is evidently going to have very hard
work to whi? his constituents into line.
The people of the south are gravitati|g
toward independence of the old demo
cratic party leaders, under the Influence
of the great industrial development there,
the general business prosperity, and the
growth of nationalism and pride of coun
try.
McLaurin voted for the ratification of
the treaty of Paris and for many bills
embodying; features of the policy of the
administration. He represents the ele
ment which has lost faith in the reac
tionary program of the populized democ
racy which Tillman represents. He repre
sents the element which places business
considerations and great southern mater
ial interests before allegiance to demon
strated rotten and losing policies of a de
caying regime.
The republican party is naturally
pleased with a division of the southern
democrats on these lineß. It believes in
progress; In the to-day and the to
morrow, and does not linger over the past
after the fashion of the Bourbons.
We cannot point with pride to the per
formance of the county attorney's office
in the first Briggs case. If the prosecut
ing officer and his assistants really mean
business, they will have to make a better
showing in the way of evidence and selec
tion of jurors in the future than they did
yesterday. The acceptance of two cer
tain men on that Jury would have been
recognized by anybody else as establish
ing to a moral certainty the impossibility
of conviction no matter what the evidence
might be.
The attorneys against the government
in the insular cases are said to be con
ferring with regard to a rehearing, in the
hope of getting one or two of the ma
jority judges on reargument to change
their minds. It is to be hoped this will
not be done—it would be too bad to get
that distinguished court any more mixed
on that question than it is now.
Holidays
Decoration Day, as it is popularly spoken
of, or Memorial Day as it is officially des
ignated, is one of the few holidays which
the American people have at their com
mand on which there is something ap
proaching a general suspension of busi
ness. Even on this day there are thou
sands who have only a half holiday. Of
the other recognized holidays, the Fourth |
of July, Christmas and New Year's day
receive large recognition. Labor day, a^
legal holiday in many states, is enjoyed |
by only a portion of the laborers—not |
more than a fourth part of them. If all j
the laborers observed the day there would j
not be a store or an office open for busi- j
ness. The term laborer is very compre- j
hensive. It covers a very vast multitude
of busy working people. Thus in our
country we have comparatively few holi
days on secular days. It is indisputable
that it would be better if we had more.
Our neighbors of the Republic of Mex
ico have an embarrassment of holidays.
Most of them are religious in their na
ture, but the observance is very largely j
secular. They are days for bull fights, j
cocking mains and other saorts and gen- J
eral hilarity. There are not less than
130 to 140 of these holidays. The peon
will not deign to work during the joyous
hours. He would rather live in abject J
poverty than miss the thrilling pleasures j
of the holiday. His holidays, with the Sun
days, occupy nearly two-thirds of the year.
This is going to the extreme of recreation,
just as we go to the other extreme and
have too few days for healthful relaxation.
Mr. Charles Conant, in his paper on the
increase of wealth in this country during
the last quarter of a century in the cur
rent number of The Forum, expresses the !
opinion that the vast accretion is due i
largely to the intense activity and develop- j
ment of our manufacturing forces with i
their superior advantages of labor-saving
machinery and ingeniously constructed i
tools, together with the working of our
shops and factories at a high tension and
up to the measure of their working ca
pacity. This also involves the continuous i
activity of human labor, which has less
relaxation than labor in any other country j
has. He points out that in England, j
where the labor unions insist upon fre- j
quent holidays for the men, and where, I
even when the employers are pressed for ,
time in which to complete their contracts, '
the men quit their work to witness and ■
engage in athletic sports and amuse- j
ments, the proprietor has been placed at
j a great disadvantage and American enter
prise comes in and takes contract after
contract from him.
In our country, workmen are not so
addicted to holidays at unseasonable j
times. They get higher wages and are
far better off in every way than are the
British workmen. They are not demand
ing a day off here and a half-day off there, j
and so they lose little time except when j
a strike is on. A day in the woods or on I
the lakes, where the sun has a chance to
tan the skin and one comes in contact
with the sounds and sights and harmony
of nature, is a substantial good for soul
and body. We all need the touch of na
ture, the influence of free air, unobstruct
ed sunlight, the atmosphere of the woods
and the presence of singing birds and of
flowers. These stir the aesthetic and
better nature and heal the hurts we re
ceive along the toilsome march of ' the
daily life.
"Doc" Ames brands the Tribune as the
official organ of his administration. This
seems to call for expressions of sympa
thy and condolence, which are hereby
extended to our unfortunate contempor
ary.
The spectacle of an ex-dance house pro
prietor, now an officer of this adminis
tration, condemning the activities of the
grand jury and denouncing their_ .criti
cism as a revival of Connecticut blue laws,
is something that could possibly never
happen under any other than an Ames ad
ministration —the kind of an administra
tion which everybody who voted for Ames
was bound to anticipate when he cast his
ballot that way.
Righteous A writer in Pearson's Sfly3
Ai X fii«uuj that Spanish bullfighters
Wrath of will not fight cows, it is
the Cow aot a matter of gallantry
to the sex. The toreador is
sincerely afraid of the cow. When the bull
gets cross he lowers his head, shuts his eyes
and goes straight ahead like a locomotive.
It is possible to dodge an attack like this. But
the cow, when arouseti, keeps her eyes wide
open and is alert and ready for every move
ment. And sometimes she moves first. The
result is that the gallant Spanish cow an
noyer is more likely than not to go up about
a million feet into the air before the umpire
calls "play." Every lady bicyclist, knows
the formidable appearance of a cow in a nar
row country lane. If one can imagine this
gentle animal robbed of her offspring and her
feelings otherwise injured, it is easily possible
to see what a powerful enemy she might be
come in the presence of a Spanish dude car
rying a red table cloth. If the cow is well
treated, she does her work uncomplainingly,
never worries and never strikes. This is the
Anglo-Saxon idea of cow life. It is only un
der distorted and unnatural Spanish ideals
that, she becomes the raging terror of the
ring, stepping on toreadors and ruining much
fine red toggery and fringing, and filling the
soul of the populace with alarm. In this out
burst of anger the cow Is justified, and the
more Latins she tosses into the air or atepa,
THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
on, the better pleased public sentiment in
this section of the globe will b«.
Thomas A. Edison proclaims a new process
for making cement which will bring the
prices down to such a figure that cement will
be one of the most comrtou materials In the
building of houses. All tbat it Is necessary to
do Is to make a mold and pour your seml
llquld house into it. The lumber baron Is no*
losing any sleep over it vet.
A bill has been introduced lv the Georgia
legislature to empower the state commis
sioner of agriculture to Inspect proprietary
medicines and decide which are wholesome.
The medicines that pass muster will doubtless
advertise in flaming letters: "Punk's Pills
are Indorsed by the state of Georgia."
The Blue Earth Post editor claims he passed
a house the other night that should be looked
after by the police. He heard blood-curdling
yells, but on closer investigation It was only
the oldest daughter letting loose "The Song
that Keached My Heart."
Some of the Chicago street cleaners struck
against Mrs. Paul as a "boss." The lady got
the foolish idea in her noddle that the streets
ought to be cleaned'and the sod on the bou
levards taken up, dusted and hung on the
line to air.
A new weather bureau has been provided
for Manila. If we can't turn out a better
brand of climate than the effete medieval
Spanish clime that has been supplied to tbose
islands for 100 years past, It is time to evac
uate.
Mrs. Shaw, a Chicago evangelist, says that
wh» r. a woman gets sanctlncation she will not
uotlce what other women are wearing. This
seems to mean a complete change of the
lower nature.
While it remains coolish outside, the corn
und wheat roots are just burrowing down and
getting a grip on the soil that will make th?
crop killer despair later on.
State Senator Plunkett of Tammany Hall
says that Croker'a candidate for mayor
"won't be no bookworm." He is more likely
to be a bookmaker.
The Filipinos are about to see some of "the
beauties of the American school system."
The United States is preparing to send out
500 school teachers.
The Mad Mullah shows signs of striking at
England on the upper Nile. Bull is raw mad
and Mull is certain to have the row of his
life.
Paris is going to have a congress of poets.
This seems to disprove the prevalent idea
that the poets are all dead.
J. Adam Bede is said to be around In the
new eighth district chucking the farmer and
his baby under the chin.
The constitution cannot be hurried. It takes
Its time following the flag.
MINNESOTA POLITICS
According to a prominent seventh district
politician who was in the city yesterday,
A. Y. Volstead of Granite Falls is a serious
possibility in the race for congress. The
gentleman quoted believes that Volstead will
try for the nomination- and that he will make
the others hustle. He expects to see Eddy,
Dowling and Young In the field, though the
last two are not saying a word as yet. The
Jo vm a l's informant said further:
I "If Eddy is behind Volstead's candidacy,
| he is making as big a mtotake as Whiteman
J did when he brought out Kittel Halvorson.
j Volstead is known nearly all orer the district
jas an able lawyer. He is not a politician,
and has not a po!i*i •ian's gift of mixing, but
if he could loosen up and shake off his judi
cial reserve he would make a great run. For
one thing, his nationality would cut quite a
figure in that district, and with the other
three candidates all of American extraction,
he would have to be reckoned with at the
finish."
Elmer Adams has been legislated out of
Eddy's district, but he still has a keen inter
est in the welfare of the Qlenwood man. In
reply to the App'leton Tribune, he takes up
the cudgels for Eddy in an editorial of some
length. Among other things he says:
i Congressman Eddy has been particularly
| fortunate in the character of the opposition
I he has had to meet, both in his convention
and election fights.
Those republicans who were anxious to take
his place in 1898 and 1900 insisted that he
: was a "failure" and spent their time and
j money going up nnd down the district pro
claiming the fact to the people in order
! to enlighten them so that they might select a
I man who would be a "sucees?." The city
dailies, one and all, defeated him for reuoml
| nation with startling regularity.
« The congressman, contrary to the advice of
i his friends, never came home to mak» a pre
j convention canvass, but remained in Wash
-1 ington quietly attending to his duties—passing
j bills building Indian schools, public buildings,
, free home measures and other "failures"—
i and the people were foolish enough, notwith
j standing the solemn protestations of men who
j were willing to admit that they were capable
of making brilliant successes as congressman,
to give him five-sixths of the delegates.
Congressman Eddy is not a genius or a
great statesman, and does not pretend to
be, and he never has been an "advertiser"
or seeker after newspaper notoriety. He has.
•however, reached as high a place "among
i the shining lights" of congress as Dowling
has reached among the "shining lights" of
the legislature, or as Senator Young has
among the "shining lights" of the state sen
ate.
Just let Eddy's rivals contest the nomi
nation with him on the ground that he is of
"no account" and he will get more votes than
i all of them.
j Congressman Eddy may or may not be a
candidate in the new seventh, he may or
may not be nominated if he is a candidate,
but we are all well enough acquainted with
him to assert that if he goes into the fight
the other fellow will know he has been run
ning.
In justice to Senator Young, it must be
said that the article in the Appleton Tribune
was printed without his knowledge, and
though it was done by a friend of Young's,
the senator was not responsible for its criti
cism of other candidates. —C. B. C.
AMUSEMENTS
Foyer Chaf.
The story of the new colonial drama, "At
Valley Forge," which comes to the Bijou next
week, is promised to furnish a notable exam
ple of dramatic construction. It is a story in
stage form dealing with the colonial period,
and is replete with many sensational sur
prises and a splendid heart interest, which,
together with the comedy, is said to round
out the whole and make the play and the
production one of unusual merit. The cos
tuming is said to be elaborate and the scenic
Investiture complete in detail. Messrs. Lester
& Co. promise a cast of unusual excellence,
with Wm. L. Roberts and Miss Olive Martin
as the features.
One of the most pathetic episodes in our na
tional history is the story of Nathan Hale,
the patriot spy, who suffered death during
the revolutionary epoch. This story, as
graphically described by the successful play
wright Clyde Fitch, will be presented at th»
Metropolitan to-night.
Another big vaudeville company is billed
for the last half of next week at the Metro
politan. The bill is headed by "The Girl with
the Auburn Hair," whose act has been one
of the mysteries of the vaudeville stage for
three seasons.
There will be a brilliant gathering at the
Metropolitan opera-house Monday, Tuesday
and Wednesday evenings, on the advent of
E. H. Sothern as Hamlet, with one of the
most elaborate scenic productions ever made
here. Since Irving's revivals there has not
been seen in America such a production.
Owing to its elaborate nature, the curtain will
| rise at 7:45 p. m.
Tbe Tramp a Nuisance.
Albany Evenlnk Journal.
The tramp Is not only a nuisance, a pest;
but he«is also a menace to public safety. He
has been tolerated and treated with leniency
altogether too long. It is time to make him
understand that there is no longer a place
for him in the United States, the home of
industrious, active millions.
Gold Is Easy.
Portland Oregonian.
The chief cause of "flush times" Is that
gold is "easy.' We have rejected the folly
of debased money, and people no longer keep
gold, but pay it out freely.
Minneapolis Journal's Current Topic Series.
Papers by Experts and Specialists of National Reputation.
THE ART OF
LIVING A HUNDRED YEARS.
XV.—INIM STRY, MORALITY AND OLD
A(JE.
By Frederick L. Hoffman, statistician of the
* Prudential Lift, Insurance Company of
America.
Copyright, 1901, by victor F. Lawson.
In a recently published volume, "The Map
of Life," Mr. Lecky has laid down a prin
ciple which I cannot but think Indispensable
as a guiding rule in .every discussion of old
age and the value, of Increased longevity.
"In all civilized countries," Mr. Lecky
writes, "the average {duration] of life bus
been raised and there is good reason to be
lieve that not, only old ago, but also active,
useful, enjoyable old ago, has bs come much
more frequent." A useful, enjoyable, active
old' age, not mere continued existence, but
LlFE—not a weary, monotonous drag of
days, but active, useful, cheerful hours, a
blessing to the man who lives and to those
who live with him. "What 1 admire in
Ramsay," said Boswell to Dr. Johnson, "is
his continuing so young." "Why, yes,
sir," answered the old doctor, "I value my
self upon this, that there Is nothing of the
old man in my conversation." In a more
pointed manner Hazliit reflected upon old
aga in his remark: "Artists, 1 think, who
have succeeded in their chief objects, live
to be old ani are agreeable old men. Their
minds keep alive to the last. Cosway's.
spirit never flaggtd till after 90, and Nolle
kins, though nearly blind, passed all his
mornings in giving directions atyjut some
group or bust in his workshop." Such, then,
Is the ideal conception of old age; a cheer
ful, useful existence, not a mere continued
life of useless years added to other years
which have wearily preceded*it.
Industry lies at the bottom of social prog
ress, and happiness and long life invariably
go hand in hand with days well spent In
active employments. Proof is not wanting
to show that the man who works has al
lotted to him a longer Fhare of life
than the man who does nr»t work, an idle
aristocrat or vagabond and tramp. Occu
pied males, according to trustworthy data,
enjoy a mortality 132 per cent more favor
able than those who eat their bread in idle
ness, and perhaps in no manner and way
has nature stamped the sin of idleness with
more emphatic disapproval than In the severe
rule that he who does not work for his
bread shall not live long enough to enjoy
the fruit of the labors of others.
Value of Temperance and Morality.
With industry goes morality as a most,
perhaps the most, important factor mak
ing for continued and enjoyable existence.
Whether it be morality in general, or as
implied in anti-social trades, he whose ex
istence is adverse to social progress is not
likely to live long and ply his trade. Mar
ried women with children, following the
business of motherhood and home life, are
among the most blessed in years and happy
hours. Liquor dealers are short-lived, in
fact, arc among those whose days are least,
because their usual habita of intemperance
cause most havoc to their constitutions.
Temperance in drinking i&, as a rule, an es
sential requirement for long-continued life,
though some fond of "the golden-brown drink
that England has brewed for a thousand
Octobers" have lived to see the dawn of
another century, after a life which, in the
opinion of teetotalers, should have been cut
short in youth. Intemperance in eating Is
probably far more fatal to long life than any
■other factor, since idleness and immorality
most often go with gluttony. Overweight, in
fact, is recognized by medical examiners as
one of the signs most unfavorable to longev
ity, tending to nervous, circulatory and kin
dred diseases.
: Morality and industy, then, must be ac
cepted as essentials'making for a long ex
istence. Jews and Quakers enjoy a long life
and old age which for cheerfulness and use
fulness has probably no equal. Negroes are
among those wtao 'have the shortest span cf
! life, and the exphrt&frtion Is simple and plain
to all who have looked beneath the sur
face Ind who have leatned with Katz-el that
"the frequency of old people is not so much
to be ascribed to longevity as to early
Her First Memorial Day.
Copyright, 1901, by A. S. Richardson.
When Lucille Morgan reached her «ew
home in southern Ohio, just before the civil
war broke out, her young heart was a very
storm center of rebellion. The imperious
southern beauty wailed against Fate, which
in the form of yellow fever had devastated
the dear old plantation home, and sent her,
an heiress but parenfless, to her only living
relatives, an uncle and aunt. She shivered
at their undemonstrative reception, the sever
ity of the substantial farmhouse, and the
simple service of the household. And most
of all was she disgusted with the democratic
customs of the north.
On the plantation; the overseer was an evil
to be endured and utilized, but not to be re
ceived on terms of equality. Yet here, Henry
Willis, the strapping, square-shouldered,
clear-eyed young man who managed Uncle
Johnson's great farm, ate at the same table
with the family and drove with them to church
on Sundays. And when the garrulous aunt
told her that Henry had been a waif, taken
from the county poorhouse, Lucflle's proud
little head was held more aggressively than
ever.
Yet it was Henry Willis who shed the first
rays of sunshine in Lucllle's saddened life.
He broke the best horse on the farm for her
to ride. He Initiated her into the beauties
of northern woodlands. When she spoke hun
grily of the open fireplaces at the plantation,
Henry banished the cheerless box stove from
her room and built a tiny fireplace in Its
stead. She longed for the* flowers and the
birds and the sunshine, and Henry built a
great flower box in her south window, and
bought a bird when he went to Cincinnati on
business for Uncle Johnson. And he knew
she was grateful, for when he rode up to the
house from the frosty fields, he could see her
dark brown head among the blooming plants.
When the war clouds gathered, Lucille was
the most miserable girl In Ohio. She hated
those cold-blooded northerners who could not
understand the divine right of the white race
to exact service from the black. She wished
she was a man and could don the gray uni
form. She even thought ehe might write to
President Davis and offer her small fortune
and her services as nurse to the cause. And
oh, how she despised the stolid young fellows,
drilling dally and calmly waiting orders to
join the federal forces. Probably she cor
rectly measured the grim strength and deter
mination of these northern lads, so different
Daily New York Letter.
BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL,
No. 21 Park Row.
Indian Relics.
New York, May 30.—The latest valuable ad
dition to the American Museum of Natural
History is the Douglass collection of Indian
relies and prehistoric anthropological speci
mens, numbering In all about twenty-three
thousand. The collection is the gift of Ander
E. Douglass, who has for more than twenty
years made a specialty of gathering relics of
the kind, and, in the judgment of the offi
cials of the Museum, few contributions have
been made to the institution of such great
historic and scientific value. In looking over
the exhibition one is especially impressed
with the display of tomahawks. Of these
about 1,500 are in perfect condition. There
are also 8,396 arrow heads and more than
2,000 spear heads In the collection. Of pipes
there are 375 examples wonderfully carved,
more than thirty having exquisitely chiselled
human features or figures as ornamentation.
There is also displayed a large series of
ornaments of gold and its alloys exhumed
from Huacas in South America. There are
massive nose and ear labrets, necklaces,
rings, beads, hairpins and figures of gods
in gold. In all, there are 155 specimens. The
display of bronze ornaments and Implements
Is also lmpresaive. The collection also con
tains flageolets from Mexico, Aztec stamps
and seals and a notable series of banner
stones from the valley of Mexico.
An Army Scandal.
Forts Schuyler and Wadsworth, the two
most Important fortifications in and about
senility." This point Is one which Is often
overlooked In essays upon longevity, and
appearance and vivid imagination take tha
place of authenticated record of birth and
death. *
Thoac Who Live Lon«.
Mere physical labor, mere activity as
such, even If prolonged for many years,
cannot b<* looked upon ns being of intrinsic
social and economic value. It was Carlyle
who touched upon the point with his com
mon emphasis in the remark- "In the name
of production, be brutes." Merchants, trad
ers, brokers and all who make the accumu
lutlon of wealth their primary object are
les3 likely to live long than these who rele
gate the pursuit of wealth to the secondary
place. The years which a man lives after
60 are indeed to be considered the most
Important, since the complacent retrospect
of active, useful years finds In this period
of afterglow Its rich reward. A study of
sudden deaths of men of affairs will point
out lessens of the utmost significance, and
we see men like William Windom, Henry
George, Roswell P. Flower or Garret A.
Hobart pass away at a time when they had
just reached the period of greatest useful
ness.
Among tho.se whose lives are longest we
may mention clergymen, gardeners, farmers,
teacbtfrs, laborers on farms, artists, engrav
ers, sculptors and architects. The lives of
eminent painters alone are a worthy record
of long-continued, useful existence, conclud
ing with a cheerful old age, a blessing and
hope to new generations. Clergymen have
lived long largely, no doubt, because of use
ful lives lived In temperate ways and helped
by a prudent self-denial of things human,
which are most apt to cut short Ihe natural
life of man. There is much to be learned
from the vital statistics of occupations which
may be applied to a higher social philosophy.
List of Dangerous Ocucpatlons.
The list of dangerous and unhealthful trades
id indeed a Ion; and, to a sensitive mind, a
shocking one. Fllemakers, potters, hatters,
printers, stonecutters, glassworkers and
smelters work under conditions which cut
short their existence, while yet they render
useful—in fact, indispensable service to the
community. Most of the conditions which
make for ill health in the industries named
could be—as others have been—removed, but
commercial greed and human indifference are
the cause of continued existence of factors
detrimental to human progress hardly yet
recognized by otherwise intelligent observers.
Conditions of factory life are not as bad in
this country as they are abroad, but even
j here they affect to a considerable degree the
health and longevity of employes.
There Is Implied in this not only a great
social waste, but a direct and considerable
loss to the employer himself, in that employes
developed to a high degree of efficiency die
just when their services are the most useful.
Thus, lead poisoning in the potteries, phos
phorus poisoning In match works, mercurial
poisoning in hat factories and lung diseases
in glass works cause annually premature
deaths of thousands of able workmen Just
when these men h^ve reached the age of 40
or 50 and when a lesser degree of activity
with more intelligence would produce a suffi
cient income fora cheerful period of advanced
age. Immense progress has been made, espe
cially in this country, where factories are
new and where money is liberally spent for
■ improvements tending to better the conditions
under which worklngmen live, but a vast
field is yet unexplored and unrecognized. In
dustrial hygiene is in its infancy. The tfme
will come when workingmen will use their
unions 4 more for their health than for their
wages, and when strikes'will take place be
cause of conditions which shorten life, rather
than becaus§ of conditions which are of far
less importance. As yet the average work
man has but faintly realized the immense
possibilities of social amelioration in the di
rection of a healthier and a longer life.
The End of One Who Despairs.
It is not a pleasing task to digress from this
essay upon long life into the mystery of de
spair and self-inflicted death. "Life is a
conflict and a march," wrote Mazzini many
years ago, in strenuous opposition to Oarlyle's
gospel of despair. "Not life itself, but the
deviation from life, is a disease; life Is sa
cred, life is the aspiration toward the ideal.
from the dashing, Impetuous chivalry of he/
southern friends.
Then came the most dreadful day of all.
when Henry walked into the farmhouse clad
in the fateful blue uniform. He had never
told them of his intention, and he had always
refrained from discussing the vexed question.
Perhaps that is one reason the girt had
learned to care for him. Under her breath
she had sung a tender refrain:
"He loves me, and he will not take arms
against my dear south."
He followed her up the stairs, straight into
the room where everything spoke of his ten
der thoughtfulness. She walked to the win
dow where the flowers bloomed riotiously
and the bird caroled madly. Then he stood
beside her. She turned on him passionately:
"How dare you come to me in that uni
form?" *
He never flinched, but took both of her
hands in his.
"That was the hardest part of all, Lucille
dear—to face you with that look in your
eyes. This is harder than the thought of
battles and wounds and prisons. But 1 could
do nothing else —and be a man —not even for
your love, the dearest thing in the world
to me."
The girl seemed turned to stone, and to
the man at her side, this was worse than an
outburst of passionate reproach.
"I'm not fighting against your people and
your principles, Lucille, but for my flag and
my president. They both need me, and Lu
cille, can't you understand? Can't you say
something?"
Then the girl turned and looked at him
with cold, pitiless eyes.
"Yes, I can say just this. I hate you—and
I hope I will never look on your face again."
Then she turned back to the window, but
the bird had stopped singing, and the flowers
seemed to bow their heads.
Henry walked down the narrow stairway,
then came the murmur of voices, a long,
shivering sob, and she knew that Aunt John
son had parted with the boy who was as dear
to her as if he had been her first born.
The weeks dragged drearily into months,
brightened at the Johnson farm only by rare
letters from southern camps. The kindly
farmer and his wife had dreams of promo
tion for their boy who had started in as a
private. They talked bravely of the day
when he should came home with straps on his
this city, are contributing their evidence to
the generally deplorable army conditions that
have followed the abolition of the army can
teen. For several months accounts of drunk
enness, disorder and Insubordination have
been frequently sent out from these army
posts and the officers lay the blame directly
at the doors of the members of congress who
voted to throw out the canteen against the
advice and protest of best army authorities.
Following every pay day the guardhouses
are filled with men charged with intoxication
and other infractions of discipline, until
Captain William R. Hamilton, in command of
Fort Schuyler, has openly protested against
the prevailing conditions.
"If the men cannot drink inside the reser
vations," he says, "they will drink outside,
and the reaction from their enforced ab
stinence invariably results in measureless ex
cesses."
The records show the percentage of deser
tions from the army is increasing, the social
side of army life for the men having been
practically wiped out. Reports from Fort
Wadsworth indicate a like state of affairs.
Work there has been crippled by trouble with
the soldiers and army men think it time the
foolishness be stopped.
An Blectrical Combine.
It is now officially announced that William
C. Whitney and Anthony N. Brady have se
cured supreme control of practically all the
electrical heat, light and power companies iv
New York City. The filing of papers in
corporating the New York Edison company
completed the vast project that originated
with Mr. Brady four yean ago. In 1887 the
THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 30, 1901.
It Is blasphemy to pronounce oue word of an
ger against It." I add his words, "We must
not discredit it, but make it holy." Suicide,
i-outempt for life, must be included in the
deadly sins. Those who have helped to make
tho world a better place to live In are the
men and women who have realized that we
are here to do our duty, inspired by t a deep
and active feeling of duty which* once^more
in the words of Mazzint, "he believes to be
the mission of man upon earth." This duty
includes cheerfulness, patient forbearance,
yet Joy of living and existence". Vital feelings
of delight, not the soul-deadening cry of de
spair and unwarranted complaint. Such a
life only is worth living to the end of 100
years. If men wish to live long they must
grow old gracefully and to the last hour re
main cheerful, for there is an Immense eco
nomic gain in cheerfulness, just as there is a
political, or at least a social, economy of
courage and the spirit to dare.
Let a man but will to live and he can. Will
Is largely a moral product, and will without
activity, effort and aim is Impossible, "Why.
even death itself stands still and waits an
hour sometimes for such a will." Ay, death
will «valt many a year for the man who has
lived aright his years and who has an objec:
worth living for.
Iriereaited Leuu'th of Life.
I have not thought it worth while to enter
at length upon the question of the possibility
of long-continued existence. It need not be
pointed out that there is no set limit to life,
and there appear no physiological reasons
why life should end, why the heart should
cease to perform Us functions at the age of
70 any more than at 120. Certainly, the facts
are abundant tending to prove that authenti
cated old age is being attained by men and
women in this country with an Increasing de
| gree of frequency, and, what is better, to;
I quote the words of E. P. Powell, "It Is cer- !
tain that our American men at 60 are not j
broken up as badly as our fathers at 40." I
Immense gains have been made in the direc- j
tion of decreasing the mortality of children,
and larger numbers reach the age of 30 and
40 than at any other period of our history i
but there are still at work deadly foes to long ;
life which continue to elude the control of j
man. Typhoid fever, consumption, and the !
various forms of lung diseases cause prema- j
ture death In many cases when life could j
have been prolonged under improved condi- j
tions. But it is to the diseases of middle life i
and of the age period 55 and over, the affee- j
tions of the heart and nervous system, the
various forms of liver and urinary diseases,
and among women even more than among ;
men, the most dread disease of cancer, that
old age is far more rare than it would be
could medical science make the progress
which surgery has made, and reach that point i
of exactitude and control of forces by which
a disease in its early stages can be success
fully arrested. Unhappily, medical treatment
is usually sought too late, at a time when
the system has been too far broken down by
the encroachment of disease germs destroy
ing vital ticsue.
Improving Habit* of Yonth.
Thus far the gain has been mostly upon the
younger lives: it Is in yovth that we form
our habits, and I believe that our young men,
spite of all remarks to the contrary, are to
day stronger, healthier, more active and more
ambitious than the youth of any nation at
any time in the past. It is no longer fash
ionable to look pale and delicate, with a ten
dency to consumption or scrofula or anaemia.
Men and maidens to-day must look healthy
if they would find partners, and it is simply
social justice that those unfit to marry and
procreate their species should not tlo so.
There is a substantial reason for the de
creased marriage rate, and that Js that large
numbers of women—a far too large propor
tion —are unfit for marriage. It is better so.
There is no need for a large increase In pop
ulation, but every possible need for an in
creased appreciation of the value of life itself,
and the increased possibilities for Individual
development.
John Burn Bailey called attention to the
fact which he had noted from his own inqui
ries "that the mentally deficient or intellec
tually inactive fail to be represented in his
list of the long-lived; energy of brain must
coexist with vigor of body to insure extreme
longevity," and to this remark 1 may add one
of Hufeland's observations on the art of pro-
p| By Amy Merrill.
shoulder. Then came a message from Libby
prisou and--silence. The war was over, the
wounded and the well came home, and thjere.
came also silent soldiers who were laid to
rest In the village cemetery. But Henry was
among neither the well, nor the wounded,
nor yet the voiceless soldiers. But from
the Johnson farm-house went forth many a
prayer, many a heart-broken sigh, for those
who lay in the trenches to the south —the un
known dead.
After a fashion, the farm was worked and
the crops were garnered, but the old couple
seemed never to rally from their loss. And
then came the bitter winter, which brought
pneumonia and peace to them both.
Lucille was alone. The villagers and neigh
boring farmers whispered that now the
haughty beauty would probably sell out the
old place, and go back to her beloved south,
but her lawyers knew better. A strange
whim seized the girl to keep the place just as
it had always stood. She hired a competent
man and wife to assist her, and went at the
work in a fashion that made the critical
neighbors open their eyes. Not that she
cared what they said or thought. She had
made no friends among the village women.
Yet one rare day in May as she drove back
to the farm from a trip to the village, she
made the first overtures of friendship. A
young woman was walking toward the ceme
tery, a mass of spring flowers clasped against
her black dress. Lucille knew the story of
that girl—how she had married a village
lad, then followed htm to the depot, waved
her hand at him bravely, and had never seen
him again until a few of his old comrades
had brought back the flag-draped coflln.
Lucille drew up her horse sharply.
"Good afternoo.i, Mrs. Davis, are you go-
Ing far ? May I take you in the buggy?"
The young widow raised her eyes in sur
prise at the gentle tones. The villagel girls
had never understood nor cared to know
the little rebel.
"I am just going to the cemetery to put
some flowers and a fresh flag on my hus
band's grave."
Ah, the thrill of pride, strong yet pitiful
in that word husband. Lucille's lips quivered,
then set firmly. .
"Let me drive you over. I—l shall be
very glad."
Without a word, the other woman accepted
the unexpected offer. Side by side they rode
to the city of the dead, and Lucille, with
New York Gas and Electric Light, Heat and
Power company was incorporated with a
capital of $25,000,000. Having completed this
move, Mr. Brady took the scheme to Mr.
Whitney, and a $45,000,000 monopoly Is the re
sult. Under control of these financiers the
organization has absorbed nine other corpor
ations in the last three years, including tele
graph and electric subways in various parts
of Greater New York, until now It has the
entire cjty in its grasp. Last year millions
of dollars were spent by the company in es
tablishing the largest power plant in the
world on First avenue and Thirty-ninth
street, the contract for the boilers alone
amounting to $500,000. They are capable of
generating 120,000 horse power. The build
ing itself covers 54,000 square feet, while
above tower four great steel stacks nineteen
feet in diameter and 132 feet high. The im
mense plant now in course of construction
in Manchester, England, is the only power
house in existence that compares with it.
Attack on a Piano.
Music charms failed utterly last night to
soothe the savage breasts of the dozen famil
ies living at No. 100 Attorney street. Jacob
Richman moved in a week ago with his
daughter, Sarah, and a piano. The other
tenants stood it as long as possible and then
decided that, it was time to act. Headed by
Hyman Gauleskie, eighteen, they gathered in
front of Richman's door and hooted. Still the
music continued. Gauleskie sprang at the
door and broke it down. Then the tenants at
tacked the Riehmans and the young man.
Gauleskie felled Mrs. Richman with a bottle.
Some one ran for the police. The entire re-
longing life, that "no instance can be found
of an idler having attained to a remarkabl*
old age."
Old A«e That U Worth Having.
What I have tried to make clear in thesa
few remarks upon industry and long life it
the necessary relation between continued
years and increasing usefulness. Mere con
tinued years cannot be looked upon or de
sired from an individual or social point' •
of view unless the increase of years brings
increase of happiness to the one who livei
beyond the normal age, and to those with
whom hia existence is Interwoven. '-Whj
stay we on earth unless we grow?" Every
thing pertaining to the right view of loni
life is to be found in these r»-w words of
Browning, "unless we grow." Not a stand
still, jot a retrogression, a second child
hood, decrepit and dependent, but a strong,
persistent vitality continued to the end.
Without- an intellectual life such existence
is impossible. It must prtove a bore to the
man who lives and to those who have to Hv«
with him. No one has expressed thi»
thought more beautifully than Hamerton:
"I compare the life of the Intellectual"—
and, as he has said elsewhere, the intellec
tual life is possible to all who earnestly de
sire it—"to a long wedge of gold: the thin
end of it begins at birth, and the depth and
value of it go on Indefinitely, increasing
until at last comes Death, who stops the
auriferous process. Oh. the happiness of
the fortunate old men whose thoughts went
deeper and deeper like a wall that runs out
into the sea." Such, then, Is Jgw old age,
the long life worth living, worth striving
for, worth fighting for.
Chances of Living 100 Year*.
What, then, are the chances of reacblni
the age of 100 under present-day condi
tions? The answer to this question is some
what difficult, since life tables are basei
on the general population, for which tht
returns at advanced ages arc- notably In
error, while data supplied by life-insurancs
companies are not applicable to the peopla
in general, including the unhealthy and oth
erwise impaired from an insurance point ol
view. For Massachusetts a recent lif«
table has been prepared by which It is
possible to arrive at the point desired with at
least an approximate degree of accuracy.
Dr. S. W. Abbott has calculated on the re
turns for the years 1893-7 that out of 10,004
born in thai state nine persons may be ex
pected to reach the century mark, and those
who attain this age may still expect to live
1.2 years longer if males, and 1.5 years
longer if females. A comparative table for
the year 1855 shows that about half a cen
tury ago very few indeed had a chance to
reach the extreme age of 100, since by n
table prepared by Elliott only nine out ol
100,000 would survive to that age. In other
words, the chance of attaining the age of
100 in Massachusetts is to-day ten times f
what it was half a century ago.
But in a large measure the attaining of
old age by the few is of far leas importance
to the community than the attaining of
middle age and years past middle age by
the many. Every death between the agefc
of 15 and 30 ia a social calamity and eco
nomic loss, in that a life conies to an end
when most has been sunk in Its production
and when least has been returned to the
community in the shape of productive labor
and surplus gain. It is. then, a matter of
importance to note that there has been a
material increase in the number of thoea
who survive to the ages of SO,' 40 and 50,
although the gain has not been as large as
would be desirable and as will be possible
under better conditions of city Ufa. At
present, in Massachusetts, there are ex
pected to survive to the age of 50 5.275 per
sons out of every 10,u00 born, agsinst 4,400
survivors out of the same number in 1855.
At the age of SO the number of survivors
is 1,266 at present, against 1,059 half a cen
tury ago; and thus most valuable lives, valu
able because of enhanced intelligence and
comprehension, have been saved to the siatt
because of the sanitary and other social prog*
ress made during the last fifty years.
white face and dim eyes, watched while tha
widow decked the grass-grown mound.
• "Why do you cry?" she asked suddenly,
as she saw Lucille's tears. "You have no
grave to mourn over."
"Perhaps that is the reason," whispered
Lucille so softly that the other woman barely
caught the words.
When a.he reached the farm, the afternoon
shadows fvll aslant the cheery living room,
but she passed swiftly up the stairs. In
the south window, the flowers bent their
heads towards the sweet spring air. She
stripped every blossom, end with eager,
trembling fingers twined them with soft
green. Then she went back to the sitting
room. Over the severe haircloth sofa, hung
Henry's picture, an oil paintlr.g done from
the only photograph Aunt Johnson had owned.
Softly Lucille crossed the room and hung
the wreath under the picture. Next she
drew from her pocket a tiny flag—the flag
he had loved —and fastened it in the wreath.
With that act, the last vestige of pride seem
ed to die out, and she fell sobbing on the
great sofa
"If only I had told him that I loved him.
But he thought—oh, what must he have
thought, when he was dying?"
A step sounded in the hall without, and
■the sitting room swung open. Lucille, sprang
to her feet, terrifled and humiliated that any
stranger should look upon ber grief. Sh«
faced the intruder with much of her old
imperiousness, but at the first glance, her
arms dropped limply to her side, a hand
seemed to press upon her throat, her heart,
and she could not speak.
Instantly he was at her side. His eyes
glanced from her face, white and startled,
to the wreath and flag under the picture.
"It was wrong, I know, Lucille, but when
I heard the dear old folks were dead, I did
not see the use in coming back. You had
said —" •
Her hand was on his lips, but he took It
gravely in his own and went on:
"I tried to lose myself, way out in Godfor
saken Kansas, but you seemed to call me,
and I had to come. Is it ail right?"
"0, Henry, Henry, my heart was calling
for you all the time, only I would not admit
it—until to-day."
And Henry Willis, looking up at the tiny
flag, nestling under his picture, understood.
The bitter question was buried forever be
tween them.
05 * -0»
serve force of the Eldrldge street station wa3
half way up the stairs when some one turned
off the gas in the basement.
The police seized everybody they could find
in the darkness, so nearly every family was
represented when the prisoners were lined up
in the station. The Riehmans and their
guest and Hyman Gauleskie were finally
weeded out and Gauleskie was made a pris
oner charged with asasult.
Mrs. Richman was attended by an ambu
lance surgeon.
The Ucrroni' Wedding? Present.
The only wedding present to Dr. and Mrs.
Herron was one from the bride's mother. It
consists of a thirty-flve-acre farm at Meta
chen, N. J., where there is already a colony
of socialistic and anarchistic artists and
writers. This farm is to be occupied by a
group called "The Social Crusade," who will
do farm work there daring the coming sum
mer. The place is to be run by Dr. Herron,
J. Stilt Wilson, WilHam Wise, Benjamin F.
Wilson. William T. Brown and Franklin H.
Wentworth. They -will raise potatoes and
berries on a co-operative plan.
—N. N. A.
Work Cut Out for Him.
Albany Evening Journal.
We predict for Mr. Bryan an exceedingly
busy time if he adheres to his determination
to try to read out of the party every demo
crat who rises to advise his party to depart
from the course over which it haa twic«
cone to disaster and demoralization.

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