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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, June 20, 1901, Image 5

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Payable to The Journal Printing Co.
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THIS JOURNAL is published
every evculng, except Sunday, at
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Building, Minneapolis, Minn.
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tising Department .
NEW YORK OFFICE—B6, 87. 88 Tribune j
change building. . -
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Subscriber* will pleaite notify the
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The Journal la on sals at the news
stands of the following hotels:
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St. Louis, Planters' Hotel, Southern
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Boston, Young's Hotel, United
States, Touralne.
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Washington, D. C—Arlington Hotel, Ra
Chicago, lll.—Auditorium Annex, ~ Great
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Mountains From Mole Hills
The New York Evening Post affirms that
the republican party "may fall asunder
by reason of the tariff question, the trust
question and the reciprocity treaties."
This view is jubilantly taken also by the
Atlanta Constitution and other represen
tative democratic journals.
These papers have discovered that they
have made no political capitol out of the
anti-imperial ism campaign, the obvious
fact being that there is no imperialism to
fight and that McKinley has not assumed
the purple or ordered a jeweled crown,
but is conducting the government of the
United States in accordance with the acts
of congress in a very proper and success
ful manner.
The basis of this democratic hope of
republican disintegration is the opposition
of certain republican senators to the rec
iprocity treaties negotiated by Commis
sioner Kasson in accordance with the
terms of the tariff law, reciprocity clause,
"which Senator Aldrich and other repub
lican senators voted for in 1897. These
republican senators oppose the policy of
reciprocity which has been emphatically
Indorsed by their party and winch is sup
ported heartily by the president, who has
affirmed more than once that "protection
and reciprocity go hand in hand" and are,
in fact, twin policies.
In addition to* this, difference within the
republican party is the opposition of cer
tain republicans to the program an
nounced by Congressman Babcock of Wis
consin, of attacking monopolistic indus
trial combinations by free-listing articles
monopolistically manipulated.
The republican party, however, is not
"disrupted"; is not "falling asunder"
under these differences. Thepolilcyof rec
iprocity and that of applying the free
list to monopoly products are supported
by a majority of the republican party.
The opposition comes from the Protective
Tariff League and the Home Market Club.
The administration stands with the
masses of republican voters for reciproc
ity and the 2 Oper cent tariff concession,
for which Mr. Aldrlcb himself voted with
the other republican senators. The
president and Mr. Babcock are equally
good protectionists and good republicans
and therefore they do not entertain the
irrational view that high tariff duties
must be perpetuated through all time,
after they have accomplished the object
for which they were levied. This view
is that which will prevail in any conten
tion within the republican party as to its
The democrats seem to think that there
is a brilliant opportunity for their party
to unite on a tariff issue. What do the
democrats mean by "tariff issue?" The
history of the campaigns of 1889 and 1892
and of the preceding ones shows what
they mean. "Tariff for revenue only";
that is the democratic comprehension of
a tariff issue. If they introduce that
issue in the congressional elections next
year or in the national campaign of 1904,
they will be routed as heretofore. Pro
tectionist sentiment is growing, even in
the southern states, and is likely to de
velop there strongly by 1904. The demo
cratic party will not even unite on "tariff
for revenue only" without harnessing it
self to a dead weight of Impractical
theories. If a rational group pulls out
from the socialist element which has made
up Bryan's strength, and puts forth a
ticket it will be impotent to consolidate
the party.
A few democratic organs are calling for
"tariff revision on safe lines." but that is
not what the party wants. The demo
cratic extremists are a constant handicap
to that party.
The extreme protectionists of the re
publican party are somewhat color blind,
but the changed conditions in these lat
ter days will force them to see things as
they are on purely business grounds. In
the words of Mr. Search, president of the
National Association of Manufacturers:
Conditions which now confront us in our
foreign trade present the opportunity and
Impose upon us the duty of readjusting our
commercial relations with other countries
upon such a basis as shall insure freer inter
course without any sacrifice of material in
terests by either party. To put it in a word,
reciprocity is thp nue fa?tcr Uiat is or the
utmost value to us in the present stage of our
export trade.
Mr. Search is a republican and a pro
tectionist and he takes the rational and
praciica.l business view of the subject and
the vest niajority of republicans agree
•with aim.
It is announced from Washington tha:
Lord Paumefote, Great Britain's anibi^
sador to this country, will not return to
the United States to resume the diplomatic
duties which he has so long and so ac
ceptably performed. Lord Pauncefote has
filled his position during periods of
"strained" relations between his govern
ment and ours, and has shown admirable
coolness and ability under all circum
stances. He has perfectly understood the
situation here and has taken the proper
measure of public sentiment in this coun
try. In every respect hie official career
has been marked by sound sense and real
ability. It is to be hoped that his succes
sor will be equally acceptable.
The leader of the new third party now
being organized in Missouri out of va
rious elements of discontent, and ex
pected to have the support of Mr. Bryan,
when asked if this movement would not
be likely to result in turning the state
over to the republicans, said: "I do not
know, but I would a great deal rather
the republicans should win than the pres
ent organization of democrats." As the
present organization of democrats is sup
posed to stand on the Kansas City plat
form and wear the Bryan colors, the
prospects for democratic harmony do not
seem to grow much brighter. The plat
form of this new party fails to make any
mention of that tariff for revenue only
idea which Mr. Jones of Arkansas tells
us will be the leading issue of the next
The Globe undertakes to convict The
Journal of inconsistency because this
paper insists that the tariff was not in
tended to provide protection for one
American industry against another while
it at the same time supports the Grout
bill. If the Grout bill were what the
Glot>e represents it to be the charge of
inconsistency might stand, but the Grout
bill is not a measure intended to attack
one industry in the interest of and for
the benefit of another. The Grout bill
is simply an effort to enforce honesty
where it seems impossible to get it in any
other way. When hog butter ceases to be
palmed off on the unsuspecting and un
protected public for cow's butter, but is
offered and sold for just what it is, there
will be no demand for discrimination
against it. The Globe says that '"the
Grout bill was intended to cut off com
petition that a trust might flourish." If
the Globe means to be taken seriously, it
must not talk nonsense. It knows, if it
knows anything about the matter at all,
that nothing of the kind was intended,
and nothing of the kind could possibly
have resulted.
Migrating Americans
The steamer lists published in the New
York papers are interesting to behold in
these days of "the leafy month of June."
The big transatlantic liners are taking
out on each steamer day from three hun
dred to five or six hundred passengers
each. There are, of course, pretty June
brides (the brides of June are necessarily
pretty) and bridegrooms hovering over
them and family groups and groups of
girls under chaperones bound for a con
tinental jaunt, and business men wij.h the
purposeful look in their eyes.
These people who crowd the decks and
saloons are Americans chiefly, who are
going, for the most part, to enjoy them
selves and spend the money made easily
in speculations or by hard work of years
at some daily grind. These are some of
the Americans who are said to spend on
an average an aggregate of $100,000,000
each year in European travel and inci
dental outlays for personal profit. No
wonder the European ho3telry keepers
like to see these Americans coming.
But Americans do not confine them
selves to England and the continent of
Europe. They go wherever there is some
thing to see, and delight in going where
few or any people have been before them.
Travel is made so easy now through mod
ern enterprise, and rates have come down
so much through competition, that "going
abroad" has ceased to be an event in the
individual life and the Atlantic has be
come a ferry way for the traveling multi
tude. When Bayard Taylor wrote his
"Views Afoot," a trip to Europe made
an individual a hero in his native town.
To-day, an extensive European tour Is an
everyday occurrence. Our tourists are
found mountaineering in the Bavarian
Highlands, the Swiss Alps, and in the
Himalayas, where "the dome of the
world" rears Its snow-capped head, and
viewing Norwegian scenery from Trondh
jem to the North Cape; traversing the
shores of the Mediterranean from Mar
seilles to Joppa and taking a turn by rail
to Jerusalem and sailing through the
Grecian archipelago and interviewing the
Greeks from the Piraeus to Olympia and
Delphi; lingering before the Sphinx in
Egypt, and then they may turn up in Ice
land at Kevkjavik and the great geyser.
The whole world is open to the tourist
except inhospitable Tibet and the llamas
there will have to yield before long to the
travel spirit of the outside world.
Our traveling Americans spend their
money with magnificent liberality abroad.
Each one of them is supposed to be a mil
lionaire or a multimillionaire. They can
not disabuse the foreign mind of that no
tion. The foreign mind proceeds from
that notion to devise new means to pluck
Americans and the foreign mind suc
ceeds oftener than it fails. Before very
long it is likely there will be several
first-class summer hotels erected at the
North Pole, and several lines of splendid
balloons traversing the aerial billows be
tween them and the ports of the eastern
and western hemispheres most conveni
ently located. That trip will be all the
rage for some time, even if the confident
prediction of Americus Symmes of a sub
polar paradise is not realized. The north
pole is about the only point now un
trodden by the enterprising American
A local democrat paraphrased the old
saying that "all the world loves a lover"
by saying that "all the world loves a
winner," and the paraphrase is as true
as the original. He employs it to indi
cate that Mr. Bryan is no longer a presi
dential possibility. He is not a winner
but a loser, and a loser cannot command
the affections of those who hope to profit
by his success. There are columns of
political philosophy and volumes of argu
ment against Bryan as a possibility m
that sage remark.
A dispatch from St. Petersburg tells us
that Senator Beverldge descended on Count
Tolstoy armed with twenty-four topics for
d'scußslon. and adds that on each of these
he and Count Tolstoy were found to hold
diametrically opposed vlewa. So much the
worse for Tolstoy. Another interesting
part of the story is that Burton Holmes,
the picture lecturer, was working hard at
a cinematograph, leveled at the count and
the senator while they were engaged in
their debate, and next year Holmes will
show us a photograph of the effect pro
duced upon Tolstoy by Beveridge's remarks
at the time they were made.
Charley Towne said at Ann Arbor yes
terday, where he had just arrived from hie
oil wells in Texas to attend the univer
sity commencement, that he did not ex
pect to be a millionaire, though he
shouldn't mind seeing how it feels. He
thinks it would not hurt him politically
because the country is getting rich and
that "a man can be a millionaire without
being a monopolist." We are very much
afraid our Charley is becoming demoral
ized. He already begins to talk like a
Suggested by a Strike
The strike in the National Cash Regis
ter company's factory at Dayton, attracted
general attention and excited much sur
prise because of the conditions which are
known to have existed in that Institu
tion. The National Cash Register com
pany had become famous for the consid
eration shown by its management for the
health, comfort and general welfare of its
employes. Comforts not common in other
factories, and luxuries elsewhere un
known, were provided for the employes of
that establishment; kindergartens, read
ing rooms, associations for the beautify
ing of their homes and premises, cooking
schools, instruction in the mechanic
arts, prizes for suggestions calculated to
improve the work of the factory were
provided, and in many other ways efforts
were made by the management to make
the conditions of labor as agreeable and
pleasant as possible—and all this in ad
dition to the highest wages paid for that
class of work. All these things were done
freely and liberally by the management,
not with any professions of benevolence,
but as a business proposition.
Into this condition of things came the
principle of trade unionism. Unions were
organized in the various branches until
there were some twenty-five different
unions represented among the 2,300 em
ployes of the factory. The conditions
still remained satisfactory until the walk
ing delegate began to get busy and to
discover causes for controversy. But even
these difficulties were adjusted from time
to time, until finally the issue was raised
as to the right of the management to dis
charge four men from the brass foundry
department—two of them, according to
the management, for lack of work, on© of
them »for incompetence, and another for
The union to which these men belonged
demanded that they be reinstated, and
upon the refusal of the management to
comply, ordered a strike. Stoppage of
work in that department threw the en
tire factory into confusion, and the com
pany closed the doors. About 2,300 em
ployes have been out of work for over a
month. Monday the factory opened again,
the employes in other departments, mem
bers of other unions, having finally re
pudiated the action of the brass founders
and having asked to be allowed to re
turn to work on the conditions obtaining
before the strike commenced. The Allied
Metal Mechanics have also refused to ap
prove the action of the brass founders'
union in ordering the strike, and the
management, in asserting its right to dis
charge for good reasons, is apparently
sustained by all the unions interested ex
cept the one in which the trouble orig
The incident is not without value, be
cause it shows that, conceding the un
doubted benefits of trade unions as a gen
eral proposition, it is evident that the
power of leadership in the union may be
abused, and that when it is it brings dis
tress and loss not only upon employer
■but employe. The employes of the Cash
Register company have lost at the rate of
$5,000 a day in the way of wages since the
strike began. How much they have lost
in the way of kindly disposition on the
part of their employers to maintain the
unusually favorable conditions of labor
which have heretofore obtained In that,
factory will depend largely upon the tem
per of the men who own the factory. It
is to be hoped, however, that they'will
be men of large hearts and generous
views, and that they will not, because of
the mistakes of the union leaders, deny
to all their employes the considerate
treatment which has been accorded In this
model institution in the past.
Have you filed your personal property
statement with the city assessor? A num
ber of millionaires are said to have for
gotten it up to date, and while your name
may not be in the published list, perhaps
it ought to be.
It is possible to discover occasionally
in the columns of the Globe some slight
indication of the reason why Mr. Hill
owns a newspaper.
«»t The Professional Woman's
League, ntow in session in
Nothingness New York, got a little touch
of the Sow of the 6clence" the other
day when Miss Maida Craig
en, in a neat talk, told the ladies how to "sit
in the silence" and go off into the Nothing
ness of the Now. To sit thus every day at
noon was Miss Craigen's receipt for the ban
ishment of the cares of life.
"It is a revelation to many," said she, "to
learn that right among us in the busy, com
plicated, diverse lives of New York women
there are hundreds who endeavor during some
pa?t of the noon hour to sit in silence, at
peace with all the world and thomselvee."
Most of the leaguers assumed a "not
guilty" expression, but the dreamy attitude of
the few proclaimed the fact that they had
"communed with their real selves" and found
the process satisfactory.
Miss Craigen went on to tell how in this
silence, a woman might attain to her ideals.
She "sees herself as she would be, dwelling
on her most desired quality. No matter,"
cays Miss Craigen, "what her physical or per
sonal limitations that cry for freedom from
her soul opens the floodgates of the uni
No matter what the result, there are cal
lous, hardened men all over this broad land
of ours who will throw no obstacle In the
way of the ladies sitting on the silence during
the noon hour.
An oW maids' insurance company has been
organized in Denmark which, for a certain
premium advanced annually until the insured
girl is 40 years old, binds itself to pay her a
pension the rest of her life if she remains
unmarried at the close of the period. Any
lady «ho fears for her future will thus be
insured against neglect on the part of man.
When It comes to dealing with the brute,
however, most women know those little arts
that render her fully able to take care of'
George Boggs of Oklahoma was convicted
of thefts of United States registered pack
ages on the testimony of Henry Tollman, a
handwriting expert of Chicago. Thomas
Lovelady, a clerk in the Tecumseh postofflce,
has just confessed to tho theft and to the
handwriting. It Is a pity that Mr. Tollman
Composed of Chinese Characters Which
Were Once Crude Pictures of the Ob
jects They Represent as Words.
Th« almost hopelessly complicated scratches
which ornament the tea chests from over eeas
are descended from neat little pictures which
the ancient Celestials used to draw to repre
sent all sorts of real objects. These gradually
got to mean things more and more distantly
related to the originals, the first meaning of
which became forgotten, while at the same
time the pictures grew more angular, till
now the average Chinaman has no idea they
were once drawings. But in some of the very
old writing which has been preserved we can
make out traces of objects, almost as much
like the real things as 5-year-old Tommy's
drawings of men, birds and beasts on his
The educated native will perhaps tell you
that the angular writing came about owing
to an emperor who couldn't draw ordering all
the curves to be abolished from the writing
a Men. ■■■«■■ Pig Dright. -
a M«n. n° u,'Y .- Pjo Bright.
v. "i" *
6p^ - *Tf J>aw^. Sundays.
X *■*•" ; p^ *5;
iSM 1* a v iff H J. S
"""«"■ n^'tv Sun tXj Hapless
P^'soner '■&•* rjooi^ to Woman
.r Woman
| Ob«tad» a
*5 V 7\ , ffl
TH- T?oe|-orG>ver TJelct "^aco
... . - - ... . ■ ■ "
of his time. In reality it was a. matter of
business, something like the introduction of
upright penmanship in our day. And, by the
bye, our own letters are derived from pic
tures, though that is another and a very long
As John Chinaman's ABC includes about
300 separate items it would take" up en
tirely too much space to explain them all.
Only a few interesting ones are given, how
ever, showing what they mean by examples
of how they are built up into more complicat
ed words. A horiizontal stroke means simply
one, and it is also employed to signify level
surface, hence earth or heaven (the earth of
the old Chinese was as flat as a pancake;
heaven ditto). But the usual symbol for
heaven introduced a man—at least, what the
Chinaman thinks he looks like. Only a pair
of legs, but it shows you have a biped to
deal with. As a concession let us endow him
with arms. Now he Is making the most of
had not been called as an expert on the other
side. Doubtless he would have testified tha
other way with equal facility. Theu he would
have been right.
The buM fight in South Omaha, so the gov
ernor says, must be pulled off without injury
to the bull or the whole outfit will be ar
rested. If some fightless bull can be obtained
that will agree not to injure the torreorre
orreadors the affair will be as screaming a
success as a French duel with knitting
needles with gum wads on the points of them.
Mrs. Botha paid no attention to rumors
of her mission in Europe until the other day,
when she let loose the following pregnant
sentence: "My husband should and will con
tinue the war until victory or death over
takes him." This shows that the Botha fam
ily is as yet "unreconstructed."
A five-day debate on the immortality of the
soul has begun in the Park street church,
Boston, between Elder Miles Grant of Boston
and Rev. Hubert C. Browne of New Orleans.
Elder Grant contends that a. dead mau is un
conscious till the resurrection, and Mr.
■Browne thinks otherwise.
The Knockers Club got out and held a spe
cial meeting to-day over the man who comes
home at 3:30 a. in. and mows his lawn, arous
i ing the whole block to lurid, heai-t-lightning
; profanity point.
An alderman at McKeesport, Pa., resigned
on the ground that a man couldn't be both
an alderman and a Christian. They never
try to be out here. They are apparently
satisfied to be just plain aldermen with no
The Toronto World Is catching the "Pan-
American" idea but it wants a second center
of power at Ottawa. The boys are doing a
pretty good pan-Am job at Wa&hJngton, the
real center of this hemisphere.
Loud complaints of crowded cars again
come from New York. Tammany ought to
fine every man $5 who stands up in the street
cars. That might stop it.
A day has passed without Elijah Dowie
calling his enemy a- wart.
Some of the delivery wagon angels aie try-
His Calendar 11 Days Slow
Chicago "Record Herald.
Somewhere, either on the ocean or across the Russian steppes, Professor Max
ime Maximowitch Kovalevsky, one of the leding members of the faculty of the
University of St. Petersburg and a historian of international reputation, is traveling
toward America to keep an engagement with President Harper of the University of
Chicago. His learned mind is undisturbed by any doubts about arriving here on
time, for he is a methodical man and never travels anywhere without consulting his
calendar. Unfortunately, however, it is the Greek calendar. He will reach the
campus eleven days late.
Professor Kovalevsky accepted an invitation to address the' students of the uni
versity during the decennial celebration, and his name appeared on the program
for yesterday's ceremonies. He is also to give a course of lectures on Russian life
"during the summer months. In addition his name appears on the list of those to
be honored at the convocation exercises to-day with the degree of LL. D.
When the decennial exercises began it was ascertained that the distinguished
foreigner had left his home in St. Petersburg only the day before and was traveling
leisurely along in the firm conviction that June 15 meant in reality June 26. With
his trusty Greek calendar pasted in the inside of his valise he is no doubt planning
out the various telling points of the speech he will never make. There is a uni
versity rule that all on whom degrees are conferred must attend the convocation
exercises, but some special dispensation will be necessary in this case. The fail
ure of the professor to arrive according to the modern calendar has caused the only
hitch in the whole decennial program.
Unity of Our National Life
Among the commencement season speakers at the University of Chicago was
M. Jules Cambon, the French minister. His topic was "The Role of the Universi
ties in the Formation of the National Idea." He said:
President McKinley inspired my subject for
me when I was visiting him after his return
from hie trip. I asked him what most im
pressed him while away, and he replied:
' The unity of our national life." What Is a
nation? It would seem that geographical
unity made one, yet that is not so. Look at
the Rhine and Brandenberg; look at Breton
and Provence; look at Maine and California.
How much they differ, yet they bear a po
litical unty. Italy was a nation long before
it was politically so. Turkey Is politically a
power, yet not so nationally. Race and na
tion do not necessarily harmonize. Look at
France; it has many nationalities within its
borders. Look at America; the same is true.
What, then, makes a nation? It is the aggre
gate of man animated by the same senti
ments —the same moral sentiments—and it is
hlmself, and we have the sign for great. Put
a horizontal line above this and now we get
heaven, i. c., something greater than man.
Draw a man in an. inclosure and the word is
prisoner. Draw him with arms and some
thing under them and the useful word thief
is the result. Take another instance, the
symbol for mouth is Just a little square pota
to trap. Two mouths side by side means to
bawl; you must have observed instances.
Stick some lines above a mouth to represent
words, and the result is speech. Draw two
speeches side by side and a third on top, that
will mean rapid speech, stuttering. Xow draw
a man with his head hanging down and add a
mouth; this actually means "down in the
We now take roof or cover and the symbol
Tor that respectable animal the pig; he stands
on his hind legs. Put your pig under a roof
and the result is a family. The next two dia-
grams are of the sun and moon; you can
understand how they came about. Sun and
moon together stand for bright. Sun rising
above the ground signifies dawn. We next
have the Chinese equivalent of doorway and
mountain; notice the three peaks in the lat
ter. A mountain in a doorway gives obstacle.
Mouth In a doorway would be ask, speech in
a doorway remonstrance, ear in a doorway
eavesdropper. The character for field shows
a rice field with irrigation canals, that for
prosperity represents the rays of the sun
coming down from the heavens.
Next let us combine one, mouth, field and
prosperity, the whole lot is the Chinese word
for happiness, i. c., if one mouth or person
has a rice field (all to himself, of course),
and prosperity, the sum total is happiness.
Lovely woman is reserved for the last. Plane
her safely under a cover, remaining outside
yourself, of course, and the result is peace,
rest, tranquillity.
ing to run down their old fees, the bicyclists,
who have to dodge quicker than a million
aire when the personal tax list comes
The Philadelphia politicians refused to give
John Wanamaker a bargain on the street rail
way franchises. They needed the loot them
Object, lessons are getting so rommon that
the anti-tariff reform people have to wear
Foyer Chat.
Waterbury Bros, and Tenny, in their mu
sical act, are making the hit of the bill at the
Lyceum this week, while Burt Shepard is
pleasing the people with a very clever mono
logue and good songs. The polyscope, as
usual, furnishes a goodly share of the enter
tainment with new views, the best of which
i8 a panoramic picture of "Cinderella."
There will be five more performances, in
cluding a matinee to-morrow and Saturday.
The best program of the season is promised
at the Lyceum next week and includes Tom
Nawn and a company of six people in a
one act farce in three scenes, entitled "Pat
and the Genii."
Police Officials Corrupt.
New York Express.
The police forces in their upper branches
are habitually and thoroughly corrupt.
The Hunter* Quail.
Philadelphia Times.
The latest is said to be a trust in the quail
market. When it comes to trade corners
everything is fair game.
It Means Much.
Omaha News.
Now Justice Brewer is married, he will
probably find out what it means to have his
decisions reversed.
Accounted For.
Cincinnati Enquirer.
•It is stated that Mayor Tom L. Johnson
started in life as a messenger boy. That ac
counts for his great powers in deliberation.
a modern force. Israel had a national soul,
the only exception in ancient history.
National life is a moral force. A nation
is a moral person. It has a moral and Intel
iectuiii personality. Universities are the crea
tors as well as the results of national con
sciousness. The university is the intellectual
staff of a nation—a great task is this. Amer
ica Is the toiler of the eleventh hour of the
gospel. Europe gives you the succession of
ita work; it makes you the beneficiary of its
struggles. You are to conquer for the un
born sons of humanity's best and purest.
You come from all portions of the globe
you must remember all your origins. You
are truly the trustees of the best, and you
must live up to your task. Chicago must be
in the forefront. Its university must take
a leading part. 1 must thank you for your
interest in French literature and language.
Trains That Pass in the Night
Copyright, 1901. by C. C. Brown.
Somerville, being only a day oifiee, was
usually closed for. the night promptly at 8
p. m. But at 11 o'clock one exceptionally
cold night early in December the fire" light
from the little office stove half revealed two
youthful forms huddled close to its grateful
warmth, and earnestly engaged in whispered
The little building which served as a
station for the X. B. & W. railroad at
Somerville also afforded accommodation for,
a residence in its upper story, and was oc
cupied by the family of Silas Carver, the
station agent. The family consisted of Silas,
his wife and their daughter, Nellie, an ex
tremely pretty girl about 16 years of age
Somerville was an unimportant station, and
the salary attached to its agency was so
small that In the winter season Silas used
to add a few dollars to his scanty income by
the sale of chest protectors to hapless travel
ers. By frequently reciting the merits of the
protectors, Silas had convinced himself that it
was simply foolhardy not to wear them in
cold weather, and insisted upon his wife and
daughter wearing them throughout the win
Some four yeara before Ned Marsden, or
phaned and homeless at 15 years of ago, had
been taken in by Silas as helper at the sta
tion. He had proven himself a bright, ambi
tious boy, and had acquired so thorough a
knowledge of telegraphy that he nad, upon
Silas' recommendation, been appointed night
operator at Litchfield, seven miles north of
There he at first gave promise of rapid
advancement, but, unfortunately, he had be
come hopelessly enamored of pretty NelAe
Carver, and Nellie had become more than
interested in him. So he soon began to spend
most of his days in her society at Somer
ville, forfeiting the sleep so essential for a
satisfactory performance of his duties at
night, and, in consequence, rendered the com
pany indifferent service. He had finally been
Silas, having recommended him so highly,
regarded this as a personal affront, and had
upbraided him unsparingly, and also laid
strict injunction upon Nellie to have nothing
more to do with him.
It immediately became necessary for Ned
to seek a position elsewhere; but to leave
without seeing Nellie was not to be thought
of. His familiarity with the habits of the
Carvers suggested to him the ease with which
a meeting might be arranged if she would
admit him to the office after her parents were
asleep. To this Nellie had consented, though
with much misgiving, for she was not given
to deceit of any kind.
"Oh, Ned," she whispered, "you shouldn't
have asked me to do this. What would father
say, if he knew it?"
"I know it, Nell," replied the boy, "but I'm
going away to-morrow—perhaps forever—and
I couldn't go without seeing you. He'll never
know it, anyway. '■
"I hope not, I'm sure," said Nellie, only
partially reassured. "But I must tell mother;
I have never deceived her before, and I do
feel so guilty."
"All right! You may tell mother, and just
give her this from me," answered he, at the
same time pressing a boyish kiss upon her
half resisting lips.
"Stop, Ned! Do stop! Tell me all about
yourself, where you are going, and why.
Oh, what is the matter?" she concluded, for
Ned had suddenly leaped to the table on
which the telegraph instrument was busily
:'Sh! just a minute," he cautioned, and
listened eagerly to the clicking instrument.
Suddenly he exclaimed in a horror-stricken
voice. "My God, Nell! the operator at Denis
failed to deliver an order to The Limited' to
meet 'The Southern Express' here; both think
they have right of track, and sure to collide
if something isn't done to prevent it. The
train dispatcher is frantic; listen! he's calling
Somerville now, in hopes of finding 'Si'
awake; he might as well be calling somebody
in a graveyard for all the good it'll do him."
"Why, no, Ned! You can answer him. Do!
See what he wants."
"Not much," replied Ned, grimly. "That's
Sam Smithers, the dispatcher, who reported
me for being fresh one night, 'cause, when
I was half asleep, I gave him the same num
ber on three different engines, and when he
said, 'All engines look alike to you, I guess,'
I told him, 'No, there was one out here in a
sawmill looked a little different from the
others.' Let him sweat it out. If I did an
swer him he'd only tell me to do what I'm
going to anyway, then he'd get all the credit
for it."
"Wh-wh-what are we going to do, Ned?"
stammered the frightened girl.
"Do?" returned he, scornfully. "Why, stop
them, of course. We want the red lantern
first. Where is it?"
"Oh, it's not here, Ned. Father loaned
it to the church people to be used in decorat
ing the hall for their fair to-morrow night.
You know, this Is not a night office, and
we never use it."
"That's nice. Never mind, we'll tak* the
white one ahd wrap the red flag around it—do
Just as welL"
"But there is no red flag," wailed the un
happy girl, "the local ran over it yesterday.
Father ordered another at once, but it hasn't
come yet."
"Well, that beats the devil!" exclaimed Ned
in disgust. "A railroad office without a dan
ger signal! To think of 'Old Si' lecturing mo
for neglect of duty. I don't know what we
will do now, unless," he continued, hope
fully, "you have on a red petticoat."
"But I haven't, Ned!" cried the girl In
utter despair. "Mine is white."
"Then I guess we're stuck. But, no! You
year a chest protector?"
"Good! Is It a red one?" •
"Good! Good! Yank it off, quick! Go
on, now; don't be foolish. I won't look at
you." This last as the girl, after an in
voluntary motion toward her thvoat, had
Daily New York Letter
No. 21 Park Row, New York.
Wasteful Extravagance.
June 20. —The pace for magnificent resi
dences just set by James B. Haggin, the
Kentucky horseman, mine-owner and multi
millionaire, will be a hard one for others to
follow. Some time ago, in looking around
for a residence site, Mr. Haggin became
greatly impressed with the lot on Fifth ave
nue and Sixty-third street, on which is the
quarter of a million dollar building of the
Progress club, one of the most exclusive or
ganizations of the Metropolis. This did not
deter tire Kentuckian, however. The an-
nouncement is made that the property has
been acquired by the millionaire horseman at
a cost of nearly $750,000. The clubhouse will
be torn down to make room for a million
dollar residence, designed "to be one of the
finest in New York. The new residence will
be distant only three blocks from the home
of the famous Metropolitan, better known as
the Millionaires' club, at Fifth avenue and
Sixtieth street, and in view of the pecedent
established by Mr. Haggin, it would not be
surprising to learn that that building had
been bought out to make room for spme other
millionaire member df the western contin
gent. Mr. Haggin has been for some time
an extensive purchaser of >few York real
estate for speculative purposes, having in
vested within the last two years over $5,000,000
in various parcels of improved real estate in
the Battery end of Manhattan island.
Corsets for Men.
Disciples of Beau Brummel have so indus
triously touted the idea of corsets for men
that something of a demand has actually
been caused. With the advent of the negligee
shirt and peg-top trousers, the masoiilfne
cuiaet girdle is becoming part of the staple
supply of the average haberdashery. Accord
ing to Xew York corset-makers, the last year
has seen a marked increase in the number of
calls for this article of effete masculine at
tire. The No, 8 -waist 18 evidently no longer
to be exclusively the charm and glory of
femininity. Ever since Mary Ellen Lease and
the regardless Mrs. Bloomer threw down the
gauntlet to the gentler portion of the sterner
aex by brazenly pilfering the thunder of their
collars and pantaloons, the masculine devo
tees of fashion has patiently awaited a pre
text for retaliation. The frock coat was at
one time advanced as a casus belli, as it is very
difficult, without whalebone assistance, to
«ive it the right set and curve* oa ta» aver*
By C. Clayton Brown.
hesitated while her face became suffused wltlt
blushes. "This is a matter of life and deati,
Nell. Be sensible."
In another moment he bad It from her
trembling hands, and after he had carefully
fastened it between the frame and the white
globe of the lantern, noted critically the
bright red tinge it gave to the lantern's light.
Then, placing it in her hands, he said:
"There's yours. Now what shall I use? Oh,
yes, the switch light, to be sure. It is red
on two sides, and will do if I hold it right.
Nell, you must go up the track and stop the
express; I'll look after the limited; she's the
dangerous one. I think Johnnie Clark is run
ning her to-night, and he only touches the
high places when he's late. Get Just as far
up the track as you can, and when the head
light comes Into sight swing your lantern till
he answers It. Look out for the cattle guard
at the croseing and don't stumble. Now go."
A low, steady rumbling, borne from a dls
.tance on the still, frosty air, reminded him
that there yet remained important work to
He hastened to the high switch target and
clambered up its dozen iron rounds, so cold it
was painful to release his hands from them,
wrenched the warning signal from its socket,
and slid to the ground. Then, after one fleet
ing .glance to see if Nellie'e signal was still
visible, he sped quickly, but carefully, down
the track, holding one red Bide of the heavy
lantern directly before him.
With startling shrillness came the whistle
from the fast approaching limited; Its engi
neer, believing that he had absolute right oi
track, was using every ounce of steam in a
mad endeavor to make up time.
The whistle blast just sounded wae the
customary one for the highway crossing at
the foot of the one-mile hill. This hill the
limited must ascend and round the curve at
itu summit before Somerville would come into
Ned knew it would take the train at least
three minutes to ascend the hill and round
the curve, and to avert the collision he must
get the signal to them before they pitched
over the summit of the hill and struck tht
heavy down grade into Somerrili*.
He had only a little more than two min
utes' time in which to cover 200 yards on an
up grade and handicapped by the weight of
the heavy lantern. Two short, sharp whlatla
blasts from behind told him that Nellie's sig
nal had been seen, and that the express
would be stopped far enough below the sta
tion to make all safe, if he could only com
municate the danger to the limited in time.
The steady, even exhaust from the engine
of the latter train was becoming horribly dis
Great beads of perspiration stood out upon
his forehead as he redoubled his efforts. His
heart almost failed 'him when he saw the
rays from the engine's headlight, veer to the
north as it reached the tangent of the curve,
but he struggled bravely on, and in half a
minute more stood breathless and trembling,
but happy and triumphant, at the top of tho
hill, looking straight into the fiercely glaring
headlight and swinging his lantern across
the track.
Once, twice, thrice! He swung It without
response. "My God!" he thought. "Johnnie
Clark must be mad to go lurching around
this curve with his eyes shut!"
But even with the thought there came the
acknowledgment of the signal, followed im
mediately by a hoarse shriek for "brakes,"
which notified the crew in the coaches behind
that danger lurked ahead.
Ned had done all he could, and had barely
time to step aside before the train went rush
ing by; but the grinding of the brakes told
him that Johnnie had the "emergency" ap
plied, and that if sand held out his efforts
were not in vain.
It was some little time before the exhausted
boy could summon strength to retrace his
3teps. He had not proceeded far before he
met a flagman hastening back to protect the
limited's rear end, who shouted back as he
passed, "What's the matter here, pardner?"
but waited not for a reply.
Ned soon came upon the final scene of the
event, where stood the panting locomotives,
scarce twenty feet apart, snorting defiance at
each other as if furious at being cheated of
the fray.
There he found Nellie, who with incoherent
words and trembling voice, wa6 endeavoring
.to explain the situation to the bewildered
trainmen. Ned at once assumed this not
very difficult task, and It required but few
words from him to elucidate matters to his
quick-witted audience.
Then, after one or two smoke-begrimed
kisses had been reverently pressed upon Nel
lie's fear-whitened forehead, and one or two
"God bless you, boys" for Ned, one train
had backed into the aiding and allowed the
other to pass it on the main line, and soon
both had sped on into the darkness and the
night, bearing their precious loads of living
freight, who, all unconscious of their narrow
escape were calmly slumbering.
After a long consultation the young lovers
decided that Silas must be made acquainted
with the facts at once. After Silas had tele
graphed a report of it to hia superintendent
they were alternately scolded and caressed
until daylight. The next day the following
letter came to Silas:
"Dayton, Dec. 5, 19—.—Silas Carver, Agent
Somerville—Referring to your telegraphic re
port concerning trains 72 and 93 meeting on
main line at your station, I wish to inform
you that the failure of Night Operator Thom
as, at Denis, to deliver an order to No. 93
was the cause of the unforunate occurrence..
"I believe I am acquainted with all the
particulars of the incident, and hope you have
not been too severe with the young people on
account of their disregard of parental author
"I desire you to express to them my grate
ful appreciation of their timely and heroic
action. I hope, at an early date, to make
more substantial recognition of it.
"Meanwhile, In view of last night's occur
rence, I have decided to make a night office
of your station at once, and wish you would
say to Mr. Marsden that he Is hereby ap
pointed night operator at Somerville.
—"B. M. Burnham, Supt."
age biped's figure. The general public re
fused to sanction the innovation, however,
and though a few West Point cadets now and
then tried to give the corset a boom, the old
time gallusses refused to give up the ship,
and the peace party still prevailed. But now,
that the shirtwaist and the peg-top trousers
have come among us, the war Is on, and the
wasp-waist man will vie with the Gibson girl
for the laurels of grace and beauty. The
corset-makers say tneir trade in the giu
ments for men is on the increase.
The Chair of Chinese.
Great importance is attached by the fac
ulty of Columbia University to the chair of
Chinese literature and language, recently
founded by an anonymous donor. The Igno
rance of the American people of Chinese mat
ters in general is almost aa great as the ut
ter igborance of the Celestial concerning the>
civilized "barbarian." Additional Importance
is given to the purposes of the new depart
ment by the events in the east during tha
last few years, which have wrought a com
plete metamorphosis In the Chinese situa
tion. Civilization has very naturally pushed
its way into those quarters where it has been
most welcome; but, in view of the vast pos
sibilities of China's industrial and commer
cial development, it is certainly time that
an effort be made to at least partly dispel
the prevailing Ignorance concerning the coun
try and its people. Americans especially
should know them, as the open door and tha
integrity of the empire are, perhaps, oC
greater importance to American trade than
to that of any other country. And, while a
thorough mastery of her language and litera
ture will hardly be acquired by the average
student, even a fair knowledge of Chinese
history, institutions, language and racial
chara.ctcri3w<-9 wai prove of great business
and commercial value. The donation wu
made without condition except reservation of
the right to increase the original gift of
1100,000 if such action should prove advisable.
Whoever tha donor may be, he Is receiving
the thanks and approval of both press and
~N. N. ▲.
Grafters at Work Everywhere I
Bemidji Pioneer.
; One of our agricultural papers ; says , thai
. grafting can ,be successfully done only In the
> spring iof the year. There ; are a . few men,
in Bemidji who stem to be quit* ftUOCMBftI!
4t "fMttaf" U* JTMT MUAdt •

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