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THE JOURNAL LUCIAN SWIFT, J. S. McLAIN, MANAGER. EDITOR. SUBSCRIPTION TERMS Payable to The Journal Printing Co. Delivered by Mall. One copy, one month.. J0.35 One copy, three months 1.00 Od<> copy, six months 2.00 One copy, one year...... 4.00 Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.50 Delivered by Carrier. One copy, one week 8 cents One copy, one month... ...35 cents Single copy .......'..... 2 cents TUB JOURNAL. is published ■ very eveuinjs;, except Sunday, at 47-40 Fourth Street South, Journal Building. Minneapolis, Minn. c. J. unison. Manager Foreign Adver tising Department / NEW YORK OFFICE— B6. 87, 88 Tribune building. CHICAGO OFFICE—3O7, ZS/S Stock Ex change building. CHANGKS OF ADDRESS Subscribers ordering addresses of their papers changed must always give their former as well as present address. CONTINUED All papers are continued until an ex plicit order is received for discontinuance, and until all arrearages are paid. 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The Mayor's Use of Words Mayor Ames has replied to The Journal's strictures on his laudation of saloons and saloon-keepers in such a clumsy way as to lay himself open either to the charge of crude word jugglery or that of crass ignorance of the meaning of common words. In his address of welcome to the Baloon-keepers' convention the mayor as serted that their business is an "hon orable" one, and that they are entitled to as much "respect" as the farmer, the grocer or any one else in the community. At the banquet of the liquor dealers last night the mayor said: A certain local editor has seen fit to criti cize me for a speech made before you two days ago, and, for fear that he might think 1 am ready to retract, I say again that your business is a legitimate one, the same as the grocery or clothing business. If the mayor really believes that he ■was reiterating his first-quoted assertion, he must hold that "honorable", "respect" and "legitimate" have substantially the same meaning. And if he takes that com mon meaning to be that assigned by the dictionaries to "legitimate," The Jour nal has no quarrel with him. On the other hand, if he does apply his words correctly he now recedes from his original position as to the respecta bility of saloon-keepers. The word "legitimate" may be defined as having the sanction of law or estab lished custom. It is plain that the saloon is a legitimate institution. But let us see what is the meaning of this "respect" to which the mayor says saloon-keepers are entitled as much as the farmer, the grocer or any one else in the community. A good definition of "re spect" is: A Just regard for an appreciation of excel lence, especially moral worth. The mayor will have a hard time to make the farmer, the grocer, the doctor, the minister, the nurse, the merchant, the engineer, the lawyer, the scholar, the laboring man, believe that the saloon keeper's business Is entitled to as much consideration for "moral worth" as theirs. And In the use of the word "honorable," the mayor again exhibits with respect to •words that lack of definite ideas which characterizes his views on law enforce ment. "Honorable" means "worthy of honor in any degree from respectability to eminence." "Honor" is defined as "consideration due or paid, as on account of worth, character or distinguished serv ices." Now, to prove that the saloon-keepers business is an honorable one will require a more skillfull misapplication of words than the mayor used in his first attempt. Saloon keeping is legitimate, and the saloon appears to be a necessary evil at the present- time, but the occupation can not be correctly defined as honorable or as worthy of respect. The liberal uee of rope in which our present mayor is indulging can be relied upon to produce the usual result. Russian Trade Those Americans who have acquired vanity and overconfidence by constant feeding upon the gratifying reports of the steady advancement of the United States toward the leading place in the world's trade may well ponder these words of Laare Allatini, president of the Rome, Italy, Chamber of Commerce: I consider America's action very hard, es pecially at present, when she is rich and prosperous. She ought to bo willing to ex tend a helping hand to other countries, in stead of grasping every possible advantage for herself. It is only human nature if other countries seek to offset such a course. This refers to Secretary Gage's action with respect to Italian beet sugar. It suggests the necessity of the wisest and most liberal policy on our part to hold the great trade we are winning and at the same time make our patrons our friends. In private life there is Quite as much in keeping and wisely using a fortune as in winning it. Similarly with the nation. It should not be content to have won; it should strive to conserve. Says the New York Sun: If a mistake has been made, either through misleading information or a hasty and too suspicious interpretation of the circumstance that Russia remits certain excise or internal revenue taxes on articles to be exported. Precisely as this government does with regard to certain articles which we tax internally for home consumption but permit to go abroad untaxed—then the mistake cannot be cor rected too Bpeedlly or too frankly. And no pride of individual opinion should be suffered to stand in the way of such rectification. That Secretary Gage has made a mis take, if not of construction of the law at least in the exercise of the powers of discretion conferred upon the treasury de partment, is more and more the opinion of those who are in a position to Judge. If a mistake has been made, the sooner it is rectified the hotter. The United States is too great to permit false pride in sus taining a position once taken to prevent it from doing its duty and acknowledging error. Moreover, we cannot afford to lose the friendship and therefore the trade of Rus sia. Americans and American products stand high in Russia and the trade affect ed is a mere bagatelle compared with the injury Russia can do us in retaliation. While we exported to Russia last year over $10,000,000 worth of goods we im ported from that country only $7,000,000 worth. The great trade that Is now de veloping In Siberia will be ours almost for the asking. Last year we sent to that part of the Russian empire over $3,000,000 worth of our £troducts and took in return less than $1,000 worth. It is suggested that the police depart ment should use the telephone hereafter if it is to be altogether successful In giv ing notice to gamblers before the deputy sheriffs get there. There is only one ! thing that can beat that arrangement and that is to give the warrants to the sheriff j in the first place and never say anything to the police about it. President Northrup's New Honor The election of President Northrop of the state university to be one of the board of directors of the Washington Memorial Institution, is both a proper recognition of President Northrop and an earnest of the importance of the work to be done by this new educational organization. It is to be in the broadest sense a na tional university. It will do a work no college or university in America can do. It will make every department of the na tional government, susceptible of adapta tion to such ends, a factor in university life. All the great laboratories, all the scientific departments, the libraries, —all departments which may advance the student beyond the limit of our best uni versities, will be open to graduate students. Not only will there be no tuition, but each student who shows capabilities of the desired order, will be paid by the govern ment for his -ervices while he is engaged in original scientific post graduate work. The importance of this work is not easy to comprehend. It will round out the academic lives of the best men of the na tion. They will be admirably fitted for personal pursuits, should they elect to work in their own interests, or they will be star men in the service of the gov ernment or as instructors in leading edu cational institutions. There will be no faculty; there will be no degrees, and no tuition; nor will there be any buildings save one, an executive building. All the work will be carried on in government departments, under the supervision of the government specialists; though each student will be given the widest latitude. In case a degree is sought, the student will be referred back to his own institution. There will be a board of visitors con sisting of the President of the United states, the chief justice of the supreme court, the members of the cabinet, the librarian of congress, and the secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, together with President Eliot of Harvard. The board of directors will consist of the following men and women, known widely as repre sentative educators: Dr. Edwin A. Alderman, president Tular.e University. Professor A. Graham Bell, Regent Smith sonian Institution. Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler of Columbia College. Dr. C. W. Dabney, president University of Tennessee. Dr. D. C. Gilman of Johns Hopkins Uni versity. Dr. A. T. Hadley, president of Yale Uni versity. Dr. William R. Harper, president Univer sity of Chicago. Mrs. Phoebe A. Hearst, regent University of California. Mrs. Archibald Hopkins, president of the George Washington Memorial Association. Dr. C. Hart Merriam of the department of agriculture. Dr. Cyrus Northrop, president University of Minnesota. Dr. H. S. Pritchett, president Massachu setts Institute of Technology. Dr. George M. Sternberg, surgeon general United States army. Dr. Charles D. Walcott, director United States geological survey. Colonel Carroll D. Wright, United States commissioner of labor. These names will indicate the high character of those among whom Dr. Northrop will be associated upon this board. Dr. Gilman, who has just retired from the presidency of Johns Hopkins, has been chosen rector of the institution. For many years, for a century, in fact, since the death of Washington, plans have periodically been discussed for a great national university. It is believed that such an institution is now assured, wide in its scope, inviting in its courses valu able in its results. It is a compliment to our own university and city, and to the state as well, that the fitness of Dr. Northrop for membership in this institu tion's first board of directors has been recognized. Dr. Ames wants the saloon elevated in the popular estimation so that ladies can step in and "cod their booze" without exciting any more remark than such ac tion does in Europe. There is one thing we like about the doctor. His ideals of municipal progress and the higher civic life are so freely expressed that it is impossible to mistake them. An Alarming Possibility The farmers of Osage county, Kansas, have introduced a startling innovation in the gentle art of road agency. If willing laborers, bound for work in one section of the country, can be by force of arms compelled to leave their train at the points of the pitchfork and the muzzle of the shotgun to work for higher wages in another section there are dark times ahead for all travelers. The tomato can tourist may yet be sub jected to the indignity of forced removal from his berth on the bounding trucks or the downy bumpers, to the hard and well paid toil of the fields. Indeed, that stage has already been reached in the evolution of the desperation of the farmer. Were not thirty hobos driven from the right-of way in lowa the other day and compelled to accept $2 per day for their services? But what Is to hinder the determined farmer from holding up the millionaire's special train and putting him and all his guests to work in the fields? What, indeed. Is to keep the sons of the this "TVTTf TNI TNI H 1 A l-'f IT" JOXJENAIii; soil from stopping every passenger train that comes their way and driving the pas sengers into the hot fields there to toll their lives away until —the frost is on the pumpkin and the fodder's in the shock? While we hear much of the success Americans are having In getting foreign contracts in railroad supplies and metal products generally, and while it is undeni able that our exports of manufactures are making the most gratifying gains, it must not be taken for granted that the trade of the world is already at our mercy. The South American trade is a constant re minder to Americans that there are yet many fields for them to conquer. During the last three years South America im ported from the United Kingdom 1,784, --547,400 yards of cotton piece goods as compared with an insignificant 198,814,759 from the United States. Foundations Strong- At the laying of the corner stone of the National Memorial university at Mason City, lowa, yesterday. Judge Torrence of Minneapolis very appropriately congratu lated the Sons of Veterans upon the wis dom of choosing such a form of tribute to the Grand Army of the Republic, which stands for the highest patriotic en deavor, having its great stimulus in in telligence of the masses which promotes intelligent use of republican liberty. "In no other way could their fitness to be in trusted with the ark of the covenant and its sacred oracles and to be trusted sentinels of their country's liberties be more clearly established," said Judge Torrance. This nation, at the very out set, gave full recognition to the vital im portance of education the freest, that American youth might grow up, not only grounded in the essentials of popular edu cation, but be impregnated with a proper understanding of our institutions and early possess quickened patriotic con sciences. In his valuable paper on "Some Legacies of the Ordinance of 1787," read before the State Historical Society, Judge James Oscar Pierce refers to the fact that re ligious liberty and popular education were first adopted as national ideals, by thi3 ordinance. These principles were, in deed, in this ordinance established as parts of the foundations of other states whose ultimate greatness was foreseen. "Thus." says the Judge, "did these pe culiarly American institutions, the free church and free school, become a part of our national, no less than our state life. Broadened by it from local into continen tal operation, they are not the least among the priceless legacies left to the citizens of America by the ordinance of 1787." This ordinance of 1787 was the last work done by the old continental congress, which was noted for its extreme im potency during its existence, because of the unwillingness of the states to give it power to carry out even any of its own resolutions, when the country was in urgent need of a strong and energetic ex executive power. But, while the federal constitutional convention was sitting in Philadelphia, the old Continental im potency rose to the occasion and although charged with usurption in some quarters, proceeded to exercise the national power, as a necessity, to attach to the union a large expanse of territory,which has since been carved into the states of Ohio, In diana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin. This territory was the hinterland of New York, Virginia, Connecticut and Massa chusetts and they resisted cession to the government until Maryland declared that she would not sign the articles of con federation until they ceded their claims to the United States. Judge Pierce Rives a very interesting sketch of the controversy from the close of the war for Independence to the adop tion of the federal constitution, over the important subject of the future govern ment, whether it should be a league of sovereign states or a nation with a gov ernment which had the power to govern. Madison in several papers in the Federal ist, beginning at number 38, brings out the points in this controversy very clearly. The ordinance of 1787 practically settled the question of the validity of the exercise of national power when expedient and necessary, even when such exercise rode roughshod over the chartered authority. In that case congress created a terri torial government with governor and legislature, courts and militia and con ferred civil and religious liberty, pro hibited slavery and notably, set apart a liberal land reservation for the promotion of public education. The university at Mason City should not only be dedicated to the Grand Army of the Republic, but also to the memory of the men of the old continental congress who passed the grand liberty-promoting ordinance of 1787. The mayor thinks that with the aid of his police he could destroy the usefulness of every church in town. Don't know about that, but we could make a close guess as to what has destroyed the use fulness of his police. A Slow Coach Hot weather Is a devltalizer but some men and bodies of men can become devitalized without the aid or connivance of excessive temperatures. There is the Minneapolis park board, for instance, which, would never think of transacting business, in less than two or three sessions. If the board had developed a little more energy during the time of frosty nights and bracing days several hundred, if not thousande of citi zens, would now be warding off the devi talizing tendancy by bathing in the cool water of Calhoun or the swift current of the Mississippi. The new bathhouses should have been ready toy June 15, at the latest. Those at Lake Calhoun are prom ised for July 1 and those on the river a week or two later. As bath houses are used chiefly when the ice is out, it would seem to have been the board's duty to have them ready for the hot weather. Here we are in what may prove to be the hottest week of the year with nothing in the way of public bathing and swimming conveniences ex cept the old (bathhouse for men at Cal houn. For some reason the mayor failed yes terday to refer to the editor who com mented on his cordial welcome to the saloon-keepers as "pin-headed." The failure is interesting, as we have noticed that heretofore when the mayor has been disposed to be absolutely merciless towards the critical editor he has always employed that term with deadly effect. It's true that a lot of the church peo ple did vote for him for mayor. This must be what the doctor referred to when he spoke of the prevalence of hypocrisy in the churches. There is, indeed, a good deal of inconsistency between profession and performance in a churchman's vote for a man like Ames. The doctor is right about that. The The coal man has seen the ,_ . countenance of the ice man irageay and the Berene &Q & solemn Joy in Coal that makes its home in those lineaments and has drawn inspiration there from in "hiatlng" the price of the anthracite crop to a figure that crowds the $8 mark. He has also promised a figure of $8.25 for Sep tember and after, that he intimates, with a grave and solicitous air, that we are in the hands of providence and the Coal Trust, providence with a small p and the Coal Trust in capitals. Between the two, the ordinary coalbln owner would prefer to trust in providence, notwith standing the Yankee's remark about provi dence and lightning that "providence was all powerful, but it was sometimes keerless." The Coal Baron is never careless. He now owns the coal carrying roads, and is, selling his surplus abroad and he knows that you have to have his mineral whether it is $8.25 or $10.25. A dollar or two a ton cuts little figure with him. It is an awful thing to fall into the hands of the living Coal Baron. The mercury slid gaily up, It made the fat man shiver; The small boy wriggled from his ctothes And shot into the river. Above the stacione de pump. Just where he hadn't oughter, That onnery lad would freely swim, Within our drinking water. The Chicago Journal says that people who become prohibitionists for the time being do no figure in the nervous prostration lists of the hot spell. Too many of the prostrations are not nervous at all. The engagement of General Grant's grand daughter to Mr. Balfour has been broken off. The parties found that "they could not agree about anything." This is sometimes found out after marriage. Agoncillo cabled the Philippine junta at Hongkong asking what he should do. The 'gram was never delivered, for nothing could be found of the junta but a few flyspecks. A government biologist says the monkey can be trained to do valuable manual labor. Are we to be overrun by the cheap monkey labor of Africa? The friendly care of the police depart ment for the gambling house" would seem to show great humanity on the part of the law's guardians. Burke O'Brien didn't get there quite soon enough, although he did the best he could under the circumstances and should not be censured. A gas well has been struck in Texas that lets go like a Kansas populist in hard times. It has been impossible so far to get it under control. When Mayor Ames' elevated saloon for ladies also comes into vogue, we may ex pect to have a 14c bargain counter for "high balls." The doctors tell us that ice water is cook ing the geese of a grea: many otherwise sensible people. AMUSEMENTS Foyer Chat. To those who like good music, singing and dancing, the vaudeville bill at the Lyceum this week should prove a treat, as there Is a mingling of grand opera, comic opera, bur lesque and several refined singing anc 1 danc ing acts. There is also a bit of character work by Tom Nawn which is a gem. The polyscope contributes materially to the en tertainment with new comic views and pano ramas. In the production of "Trilby." in which the Pike company is to open its season at the Metropolitan next Monday night, the "three musketeers of the brush," Taffy, The Laird and Little Billie, will be impersonated by Fred J. Butler, Byron Douglas and John B. Maher. These three deeply interesting character studies it will therefore be seen, are to be in exceedingly capable hands. Her schel Mayall, the popular "heavy" man of the company, is to be the Svengali and this magnificent part it is certain will, have Some of 'Gene Field's Early Poems The St. Louis Globe-Democrat reprints some of Eugene Field's early poems that appeared, before he became famous, in the old St. Louis Times. A few of them are reprinted here: Meloncollc. Three melons went sailing out in the west, Nutmeg, water and musk — Three little boys at evening dusk, While Nature brooded in damp suspense, Climbed over a ten-rail, eight-foot fence And stowed a melon beneath each vest. Three little colics appeared that night And tackled the cherubs three— O, the groan, the pain, the misery. The cramp, the gripe and the inward hurt, The fate that the doctors couldn't avert— Three undertakers at morning's light. Yet melons go sailing everywhere; And women are born to weep, And boys will forage while farmers sleep, And colics will come where melons go, And so will doctors and every woe That points the way to the golden stair. Timely Warning. Young men and girls, as you by night Inspect the silent stars — Orion, Saturn, Venus bright— Beware of watchful Mars. Orthographical. With tragic air the forlorn heir Once chased the chaste Louise; She quickly guessed her guest was there To please her with his pleas. Now at her side he kneeling sighed His sighs of woeful size; "O, hear me here, for 10, most low I rise before your eyes. This soul is sole thine own, Louise— 'Twill never wean, I ween, The love that I for aye shall feel, Tho' mean may be its mien!" "You know I cannot tell you no," The maid made answer true — "I love you aught, as sure I ought— To you 'tis due I do!" "Since you are won, O, fairest one. The marriage rite is right— The chapel aisle I'll lead you up This night," exclaimed ths knight. Mt»» Bangi. The beauteous, buxom Bertha Bangs Is one of our divinest girls; She bangs the doors and bangs the chairs And likewise bangs her auburn curls. She bangs on the pianny, too, And bangs upon the light guitar— But, O, of all the bangs she bangs, She mostly bangs her auburn hair. O, banging, bouncing, buxom belle, The poet's lyre with rapture twangs— Responsive to the influence Of thy beloved and beauteous bangs. Geographical Derfvlttve*. "Now," in a. Chine tone she said, "I will be Frank, 'tis true— Altho' you Arab brilliant catch, I do sot caffer you!" "O lady, Dane to bear my suit— This heart is Scot by thee"— "Nay, «Ir, I can not heed your word* an artistic Impersonation. In the matter of costuming and scenery the production will prove of more than passing interest. The advance sale of seats la now open at the box office of the Metropolitan and will con tinue up until 6 o'clock each evening for the remainder of the week. MINNESOTA POLITICS The beat judgment of the ninth district politicians is that next summer will see four congressional candidates in the field—Just four and no more. Beginning from the north, the quartet is named as follows: A. Grindeland, of Warren, Marshall county. Halvor Steenerson, of Crookston, Polk county. S. G. Comstock, of Moorhead, Clay county. Ezra Valentine, of Breckenridge, Wilkln county. Of these four, Grindeland and Comstock are now candidates. The latter will not admit that he is in the field, but he has been launched by the Moorhead Independent, and is everywhere considered in the race. From all accounts, Valentine and Steenerson are both determined to get into the race, and are only waiting for an opportune moment to shy their castors in the ring. Otter Tail county comes pretty near hold ing the key to the situation. The largest county in the district, it will have no candi date, unless Elmer Adams should come out, as has been suggested. Otter Tail cast 3,018 republican votes last year, and with four candidates in the field, could just about name the nominee. Adams has declared that he will be neutral in the primary election con teat; but when it comes to a point where ha can name the winner, he is likely to take a hand again. —C. B. C. Tariff and the Trusts. To the Editor of The Journal: "Dalzell's new tariff idea," that it is neces sary to keep tan oade articles from the free list in order protect the small manu facturer, was extensively used during the campaign of 1900. While it may not be clear to some of U3 how the tariff keeps the big fellows from eating up the little fellows, who, it seems, are at all times at their mer cy, nevertheless, if It can be shown that it does so, I cannot see why it is not a legiti mate use for the tariff. If some one who has the information at hand will publish a good long article showing how it is possible for hundreds of small factories all over the country to keep running in spite of the trusts, and what, if any, influence the tariff has in the case, he will confer a favor on the public. The only explanation I have seen is that the small factories start up too fast for the trusts to buy them out. But why do they have to buy them out when they can kill them, as the^ do our independent butcher shops, by selling below cost? —Alvin Hildreth. Spirit Lake, Minn., June 26. No Liquor at Camp Lakeview. To the Editor of The Journal: In a recent issue of The Journa) there was an article to the effect that the adjutant general of this state had decided to have the post canteen at Camp Lakeview this year, not following the example of our national government in abolishing the sale of liquors in the camp. It has caused much comment and some investigation. To-day the editor of the Minnesota Signal, 0. K. Neil of Kenyon, Minn., called at my office an<l handed me a letter to himself from General Libby, which makes a very different version of the matter than that found in your paper. I herewith hand you for publication Adju tant General Libby's letter. I wish to state right here that temperance workers are not against the existence of the army post as a store, but we are opposed to the store being made a saloon or bar for sale of intoxicating liquors. Nor is there go ing to be a "coming to grief" of the anti canteen advocates. The facts are steadily and unquestionably coming to the support of the general government in abolishing the army sale of liquors. The next step should be to abolish from our army that small con tingent of officers and privates who are to day slaves to their appetites for liquor. —Richard H. Battey, State Superintenden The adjutant general's letter: To the Editor of Signal, Kenyon, Minn.: In your issue of June 14 you charge me as hav ing decided in favor of establishing a canteen at Camp Lakeview, which is not true, but on the contrary, I have embodied in the contract with the post trader the following, viz.: "And it is further understood and agreed by and between the parties hereto, that said second parties will not in any manner, direct ly or indirectly, deal in spirituous, vinous, malt or intoxicating liquors of any descrip tion whatsoever on said grounds. "In case of default in or violation of any of the conditions of this agreemnt by said parties of the second part, it shall be op tional for the party of the first part to ter minate the same and retain the consideration received thereunder as liquidated damages for such default or breach." I hope you will do me the kindness of placing me right before "fond fathers and loving mothers," to whom you have appealed, to see that their boys are not turned over to the brewers' association. I have never enter tained the thought of allowing liquor sold on the grounds, and furthermore, I do not intend to. Very respectfully, —E. D. Libby, Adjutant General. For you Arnaut to me!" " "Pis Welsh," she added freezingly, 'Since Siam pressed so far, To Hindoo you do longer here, And so, good sir, Tartar!" "What Ottoman like me to do?" Bewailed the stricken man; "I'll Finnish up my mad career And wed the Gallican!" Tiring of this he would take a single pair of words and work with great determination and seriousness until he had constructed a poem to fit them—as in the following where the play on words is a true pun and not merely sound echo as in the preceding: Misinterpretation. "I want a Parian statuette, The new design," she said; "How will that do?" the clerk inquired As pointing up o'er head. She looked an lo! a Venus fair, Of most voluptuous limb— "You nasty man!" she fairly screamed, A-frownlng sore on him. "I may deserve," he stammered forth, "A punishment condign— But really, mann, I tho't you asked Me for a nude design!" The Fatal Tuning Fork. So highly educated was The charming Lester Brown, He could outwarble any youth In all our warbling town; And, oh! when he got up to sing He brought his houses down. He was a tenor-barytone Of sweet and high degree, He allegroed on major fiats And anted on high C; And murmured arias and sich In any minor key. But, oh! without his tuning fork, Which on his heel he smote. This educated Brown could not Inaugurate a note — A tuning fork is such a help To ear and lungs and throat! But once when he got up to sing With true robusto zest, A forte ballad allegro, He felt down in his vest For that there tuning fork and found 'Twas non inyentus est. Yet, with his name and fame at stake. He started madly out. And when he ceased his audience Gave an approving shout— And of his great and grand success The critics had no doubt. But in the silence of his room, At midnight and alone, He tried the tuning fork and found He'd fallen half a tone! It crushed his educated soul- He died without a moan. THUKSDAY EVENING, JUNE 27, 1901. AN AVERTED TRAGEDY By CHARLES L. SHERWOOD. Copyright, 1901, by C. L. Sherwood. It was only yesterday at breakfast that he had asked, half in earnest, whether she expected company. And she had granted a certain reasonableness to question, for there was twice as much meat on the table as was necessary. Also it was the first of the month, and their pre-nuptial figures on the cost of living had been more than doubled, while the pre-nuptial earning capacity had in no way increased. So, though this first manifestation of a spirit of criticism cut her two-months-old wifellness, It was passed over, for John was very loving toward her. She was duly sorry about her extravagance, and, with a pat on the cheek, told him she would try to figure more closely. But this morning they had eaten in sil ence. She could not speak, for she was on the verge of tears. Neither did he spsak, ex cept to say that she did not understand, but would, when she had thought it over. Now she had thought it over, and almost decided that she had never, in the two years of their acquaintance, known the real John. She almost reached the conclusion that he had deceived her; that he was not the sunny, open-faced boy he seemed, but a brute who could not control his temper and who took pleasure in coldly and cruelly showing it to her. So she cried, In the cozy little front room of the little house in the suburbs, and the torn collar on the dresser in their rooms was, to her, mute evidence of his true self. The truth of the tragedy was this. . The collar he had tried to put on that morning was frayed and saw-toothed, old and useless. He had scratched his neck, and he had said, not altogether pleasantly, r.hat it should never have gone to the laundry: and then, vindic tively, she thought, he had deliberately torn it in two. All it meant to her was the loss of her Ideal, and that was everything. And then he had not seemed to see how she felt. The words in her mind Were: "Now we know that he never could know, and never could under stand." It looked that way, and helplessly he also realized it, though, perhaps, it should have been, "did not understand." He half quoted the lines himself as he left her, but he quoted them verbatim with the proper pronouns, and then was sorry they had come to hl3 mind. All the way to the city it worried him. Why had she not answered him when he had spoken to her Immediately after the collar episode? It had always brought an answer that hearty, kindly, '"What's the trouble, Mrs. Daily New York Letter BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL, No. 21 Park Row, New York. I'ennsy After Honor*. June 27.—Oarsmen of America are intently watching reports from England concerning the crew of the University of Pennsylvania, now there to compete in the Henley regatta. This is the third eight ever sent from Amer ica in quest of the grand challenge cup, and we still wait for an American crew to win this event, which is the most important in the regatta. Both Cornell and Yale have tried for the prize and failed; each time they competed, the famous Leander Rowing club of London was the winner. But, in the opin ion of our experts, the crew this year is the best ever sent to compete with the best of England. The men have been especially pre pared for the events, and, indeed, so much attention has been given to the Henley crew of the University of Pennsylvania that the regular 'varsity crew this year is not ex pected to make a particularly strong show ing. The importance placed in the Henley crew is shown by the fact that Ellis Ward, the coach, left for England with the crew, to remain away during the important Pough keepsie races. The entries for the grand challenge cup race thi3 year afford the Qua kers a chance to meet the best oarsmen of Europe. Xot only the rowing strength of England is entered, but also that of every other country. With the University of Penn sylvania, Leander, Trinity Hall, Thames Boat club, Cambridge, New College, Paris and Nereus Rowing club of Amsterdam, crews competing, the finest exhibition of row ing ever witnessed at Henley is looked for July 2, 3 and 4. The Leanders have four men on their crew who took part in the big university boat race last March. A Divorce Law Scandal. Another Instance strikingly exhibiting the necessity for uniform divorce laws for the various states of tHe union has come to light through a decision just rendered by the ap pellate division of the supreme court. In it the court declares that, though Martha Starbuck had ceased to be the wife of Wil liam Starbuck twenty-seven years ago, Star buck himself had continued to be her hus band until the time of his death, though le gally married to another woman during the interim under the laws of the state of Penn sylvania. The action was brought by Martha Starbuck against the second Mr 3. Starbuck, as executor of her former husband's estate, with the view of recovering the first wife's dower right in the deceased man's property. The second wife, however, introduced evi dence to show that the first wife, in 1874, had secured a divorce from William Star buck in the courts of Massachusetts on the ground of cruelty. Thereupon the court, after due deliberation, delivered itself of the opinion that William Starbuck, being a citi zen of New York, and cruelty not being a SHE WAS IN 100 BATTLES "Mother" Ferguson, a Field Nurse Throughout the Civil War, Now Dependent on Charity. New York Evening Sun. In a shabby attic of a litle frame house at 315 Sixteenth street, Brooklyn, lives a de crepit old woman of some 75 years, deaf, and bent with age and dependent for her susten ance on the charity of friends, who have scarcely enough for themselves. This is "Mother" Ferguson, who served as a field nurse throughout the civil war, was In over 100 battles, and was complimented and hon ored by great, generals and even by Lincoln himself for her brave work in the field. Al ways she wears on her faded shawl a Grand Army button and a small tintype of Lincoln, with a rosette of the national colors. This is all that is left to the old woman now— pride in being a veteran" of the great Army of the Potomac. "Mother" Ferguson looks feeble and life less enough wliile sitting quietly in her chair, but as soon as she gets warmed fcito talking of the battles she has been throi^h, the bloodshed she witnessed and the generals she knew, age and the rheumatism, from which she suffers severely, are forgot, while her eyes flash and she becomes all animation. Phil Sheridan was her favorite general and she never tires of telling of his daring ex ploits. The old woman was born in England. She remembers Queen Victoria's coronation in 1839, "as though it were yesterday," she says. Two years after that event she came to America and married. When the war broke out her husband joined the First New York cavalry, the "Lincoln cavalry," and Mrs. Ferguson volunteered as a regimental field nurse. This morning, in telling her story, she said: "I served through it all, from Bull Run to Appomattox. Lincoln's cavalry was recruited at 765 Broadway, and was the first union cav alry organised. We went to Washington first, and I slept In the house where Colonel Ells worth of the Zouaves, was staying. Then came the fighting. I served under Sheridan, Kearny, McClellan, Franklin, Porter and Hunter. I was in the three days' fighting at Gettysburg—the worst slaughter I ever saw. THE PRESENT DUTY The present moment is divinely sent; The present duty is thy Master's will. O thou who longest for some noble work, Do thou this hour thy given task fulfill! And thou shalt find, though sir all at first it seemed, It is the work of which thou oft has dreamed, i . —Asna Temple. John?" bis pet name these two months. Then he said: "If she's going to get huffy and quiet about nothing, all right." But, as he thought it over, perhaps he had not been exactly affable at the table. He had kissed her goo* by, however, and her response was of th« passive, dutiful variety. It made him blu« to think of it. At the office he found that he had to re check all his additions, and the second book keeper was spared the usual "Jollying." Bj 9 o'clock he found that he was shading every figure he made. There was one page in last year's cash book similarly disfigured—the day after she had accepted him. So be stopped work and sharpened a lead pencil. By th* time he had used up two inches of it and th* neat pile of red shavings had grown to mag nificent proportions his brow was less cloud ed, and he reached to the side of his desk and rang a messenger call. It was 11 o'clock when, at the door of * certain little house in the suburbs, a tearful little housewife took a package from the blue-coated messenger of peace. The flowers were violets, her favorites, and this was the note with them: "Dearest Mrs. John—Probably I am a brute. Probably I don't understand. But, anyway, 1 want to let you know I am sorry. I haven't had any great peace of mind since I left you, and I thought it might make you feel better to let you know that I really wasn't very angry when I tore up my collar; that is, not angrier than any man ever is when he puU on one of those saw-toothed things. And If you'd had the experience with starched linen I have, you'd appreciate this, but, thank goodness, you're not mannish enough to have run to them. (You'll have to read this twice to catch my meaning.) "The fact is this: In my boarding-house life I always tore up a collar the moment It shewed signs of dissolution. But I haven't a doubt that I paid laundry bills enough, at 2 cents per, on useless collars, to keep us la theater tickets for a year. So there. "Q. E. D.—eb we used to love to write after problems when we were in the high school. "Well, I've got to catch up on some work I mixed up this morning, so will close. Hop* you liked the flowers. Will be home by 5 al latest. Lovingly, —John." At 5 o'clock on the porch of the little housi in the suburbs stood a young housewife in i fresh lawn gown with fresh flowers scattered through it, and pink ribbons twisted about it, where they ought to be—at least, so Jotu thought, for it was his favorite gown. She wore a bunch of violeta at her belt, and—well, they got Inside the little hall wit* all the haste that was meet and seemly. ground for absolute divorce In this state. th« divorce had operated only to terminate th« first Mrs. Starbuck's status as Mr. Starbuek's wife, while leaving him, beyond question, her lawful husband. But not only did the court hold that, though he had no wife, ha was still the woman's husband; it also stated that Starbuck's second marriage, had it oc curred in New Yor, would have been an out right case of bigamy. If there could be a greater muddle than this, it must be amoag the Martians. The Pan-American Flag. For several days passers-by have been pui zling over the signincance of a strange flag which has been fluttering in the breeze from the turrets of the Waldorf-Astoria. Innu merable guesses have been haaarded as to the nationality of which it is the emblem. Consisting of a field of blue next to the staff, with a large white star in the center of tho field; a broad, white field coming next, in which is a golden eagle with outstretched wings; and then a field of red with four white stars placed crosswise. The guessera bave ventured practically every country ou the globe, from Beloochlstan to Montenegro. Inquiries of the hotel clerks, however, dis close the fact that guesssers are more'curi ous than up to date, for the flag is the Pan- American standard, the official emblem of the Buffalo exposition, and is flown as such by the hotel management in honor of t'aa large number of visitors staying at the Wal dorf en route to Buffalo. Miss Adelaide Thorpe is the designer of the flag, which waa chosen in a competition held during tin spring. The single star Is the north staj for North America; the four stars are thos« of the Southern Cross, for South America, while the golden eagle is for All-America. Some Jiew Sinner*. Several new singers will be heard at the Metropolitan opera house next winter. They are to fill as best they can the places of som* old favorites who will be missing. The most gifted appears to be Mme. Klaus, who not long since sang Isolde to Ernst Van Dyck a Tristan. She is a woman of much fervor, who is well liked in Germany. Her voice must be of excellent range and power, as she sings not only Isolde and the Brunhildes, but Ortrude as well. The new Wagnerian tenor who has made the greatest impression at Covent Garden is Herr Knote from Munich. His young Siegfried is described as a tri umph, and Maurice Grau was not slow to secure him. An Italian tenor who has done exceedingly well is Guiseppe Anselmi. Though but 24 years <jjd, his Duke in "Rigoletto" and Tirriddu in •■Cavalleria RusUcana" have been highly praised. Other newcomers for New York will be De Clery, a Parisian bary tone, a protege of Plancon; Devrilhac, an other deep-voiced Frenchman, and Valero, an Italian tenor. —N. N. A. I was with Sheridan when he rode up th« Shenandoah. He was the finest of them all "Did I ever feel sick at the bloodshed? In a battle you don't think of that As soon as the bullets begin to fly you lose all feeilng for everything, and could wade through blood, so long as the battle is won. Once General Fitz-Joha Porter sent me to the rear, but I came back again on the next ammunition wagon. I eouidn"t stay way from any fighting. When General Porter died a few days ago I wanted to go to his funeral, but I was kept home with the rheumatism." Mother Ferguson saw Lincoln first at Har rison's Landing, after a defeat. An officer told Lincoln that she was "the mother of his cavalry." She helped the boys of Corcoran's brigade, at one time made coffee for the soldiers of the Sixth-night, and helped bury some of the Twenty-first at Piedmont. Perhaps the most picturesque Incident of her career was when after a furlough she rejoined the regiment at Martlnsburg, bring ing with her twenty-one recruits from New York. As she marched Into camp with her recruits the colonel of the regiment greeted her with the words: "Here comes Mother Ferguson with re-enforcements; now w« won't get licked." Many years afterward, when Cleveland had been first elected, "Mother" Ferguson was invited by a man who knew her record to view from his stand the Cleveland parade In New York. She was jostled and pushed back by the younger perrons on the stand, and finally, growing angry, she pulled off her cloak and, swinging It sharply on the should ers of those about her, cried out that she Was a veteran and must see the soldiers. The persons about her called up three policemen and the old woman was about to be arrested when she recognized two of the policemen as her old recruits. "Mother" Ferguson had a good view of the parade after that. For the past three year* "Mother" Fergu son has been unable to work. Bourke Cock ran tried to get her a pension while he wu in congress, but was unsuccessful. Speaks Risht Out. Chicago Chronicl*. Unlike most democratic politicians, Perry Beimont Is not afraid to say what he thinks. He declares that the party cannot hope for success unless it unloads Mr. Bryan. Ninety nine per cent of Intelligent democrats bellev* the same thing, but the popullatlc terrorism prevents them from saying so.