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THE JOURNAL LUCIAN SWIFT, J. S. McLAIN, MANAGER. EDITOR. SUBSCRIPTION TERMS Payable to The Journal Printing: Co, Delivered by Mail. One copy, one month $0.35 One copy, three months 1.00 Odo copy, six m0nth5........* 2.00 One copy, one. year./................ 4.00 Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.50 Delivered by Carrier. One copy, one week.............. 8 cents One copy, one month. 35 cents Single copy 2 cents THE JOURNAL, I* published every evening, except Sunday, at 47-49 Fourth. Street South, Journal Building;, Minneapolis, -Minn. C. J. BilUou, Manager Foreign Adver tising Department. NEW YORK OFFICE— 87, 88 Tribune building. CHICAGO OFFICE— V*& Stock Ex change building. . > CHANGES OF ADDRESS Subscribers ordering addresses of their papers changed must always give their former as well as present address. - OOVTUUaUI All papers are continued until an ex plicit order is received for discontinuance, and until all arrearages are paid. •'--:'■ co-ui-kAJ.vrs Subscriber* will please notify the Office In every cane that their paper la not delivered promptly or the collections not properly made. The Journal Is on sale at tha news stands o£ the following hotels: Plttsburg, Pa.—lJu Quesne. Sail Lake City, Utah—Tne Knutsford. Omaha, Neb.—Paxton Hotel. Los Angeles, Cal.—Hotel Van Nuya. Denver, Col.—Brown's Palace Hotel. I St. Louis. Mo.—Planters' Hotel, Southern Hotel. Kansas City, Mo.— Coates House. Boston, Mass.—Young's Hotel. United States, Touraine. Cleveland. —Hollenden House, Weddell House. Cincinnati, Ohio—Grand Hotel. Detroit. Mich.—Russell House, Cadillac. Washington, D. C—Arlington Hotel, Ra leigh. Chicago, 111.—Auditorium Annex, Great Northern New York City—lmperial, Holland, Murray Hill, Waldorf. Spokane, Wash.—Spokane Hotel. Tacoma, Wash.—Tacoina Hotel. Seattle, Wash.—Butler Hotel. Portland, Oregon—Portland Hotel. Perklna Hotel. Municipal Buccaneers The worm has turned in Philadelphia | and the plundered citizens met in force last night to voice their woes and arrange for a war a l'outronce against the re lentless grip of the "bosses." The citi zens realized the other day how much they were in the power of a group of Usurpers, when a purchased council passed franchise bills which the mayor signed and presented "free gratis" to the street railway companies and contemptuously spat upon the Wanamaker offer of $3,000, --©OO cash for the franchises which had been co readily handed over to the monopoly ■without consulting the interests of the public. At the meeting last night, the veteran reformer, Col. A. K. McClure, was pres ent with his battle armor on and doubtless as ready to attack the combination as he ■was twenty odd years ago, when he j started the Philadelphia Times and split In two and splintered a successful gang of municipal thieves and put some heart Into the plundered citizens. Charles Emory Smith, the postmaster general, who is a resident of Philadelphia and editor of the Press, also inspired the assembly by telegraphing a message in which he said: "It is time for a new declaration of inde pendence. Philadelphia ought to rise in her might against jobbers in her public rights and ravishers of her sacred safeguards of law." When a group of men capture a city and assume proprietary rights over the lives and property of citizens and enter upon a career of plunder, the only way to get them out is through a popular revolution at the polls. As Josiah Flynt's ex-grafter told him: "If the pub wants things done level ther's no power can prevent 'em." And if the Philadelphia "pub" wants level administration they can have it and so can every other "pub," if they choose to make the fight. It requires a fight to the finish. It requires organization of the fighting force of the strongest, with no dress parade elements; with the most Intelligent direction and tireless persist ance; inscribing on its banners "Lay on and spare not!" The blood of the "pub" in Philadelphia Is up and the "pub" seems to want things "done level" and they -will on that line conquer if they do not get tired. That is the trouble with many municipal re formers. They nearly burst blood vessels denouncing the constricting rings and bosses, but, in a square, no surrender fight, a no-discharge fight, they weaken and pull out saying: "It takes too much time." This kind of reform is im potent to save a city from the buccaneers. There have bean times in New York when even Tammany has been made to tremble, because of the manifestation by the "pub" that it wanted things "done level," but the "pub" has weakened and dropped its ■weapons and Tammany has resumed its predatory sway. If we would reform our cities the old guard must be continually on the watch tower, keen to note and crush the first movement in resuscitation of the enemy who has been downed. It is to be hoped that the Philadelphia reformers have counted, the cost of a •war with the municipal ring and will go in to win. They will not win if they con fine their work to letting off fireworks at A mass meeting. A Serious Matter This circus ticket difficulty at the city hall is really a serious affair. It must not be supposed that because a circus ticket is in itself an insignificant piece cf paste board it cannot be tho cause of serious differences. Each of the disputants—T. R. Brown, the mayor's private secretary, and L A. Lydiard, city clerk —has good reasons lor his position. Mr. Lydiard represents Ihe principle of precedent, the very basis of all social and legal customs. On the other hand Mr. Brown represents the idea of innovation, which is essential to prog ress. But as Brown holds the tickets we can see how Lydiard will, for the first time in years, pay to see the circus If he sees it at all. As it is one of the rules of the game at the city hall that an official shall pay for nothing in the amusement or transportation lines, Mr. Lydiard will lose caete. Thus does the number of "Doc" Ames' enemies multiply. In the vast tracts of virgin timber land owned by the state in the Philippine Islands, the government has a splendid opportunity to apply practical forestry. Captain George Ahem, chief of the island's bureau of forestry, estimates the forest area at from 20,000,000 to 40,000,000 acres. The island of Mindanao, the great unexplored Island of the group, has" its entire area covered with splendid forest growths. The development of China, bound to follow fast on the settlement of the present internal troubles in that country, will lead to a great demand for the timber of the Philippines. The gov ernment should early establish regulations which shall keep lands best adapted to forestry from passing into the possession of private owners and permit timber to be removed only in accordance with rules which shall insure the preservation of the forests of the reserved tracts. National Tax Reduction On July 1 there wil be a considerable reduction of federal taxation which was levied to provide means to meet the ex penses of the Spanish war in the war rev enue bill of 1898. By the act of the last congress the 2 cent tax on each bank check, the 1-cent tax on express receipts and the 1-cent tax on telegraphic and telephone mes sages are repealed and the public will be immensely pleased with such relief, for these taxes strike into the public's every day life and are troublesome, although a comparatively easy way for the govern ment to secure revenue. Other taxes abolished are the stamps required to be affixed to proprietary medicines, perfum ery and drugs and the 10-cent tax on bills of lading and that on charter parties which is uncomfortably high; the tax on money orders, warehouse receipts, prom issory notes, power of attorney, on mort gages, leases, insurance policies, sight drafts, commercial brokers and chewing gum. A number of taxes are modified, as those on beer and cigars. Beer tax has been modified from $2 a barrel and 7*£ per cent discount to $1.60 per barrel, and the 7% per cent discount is repealed. The beer tax was no burden to the consum ers or producers of beer, as it made no difference in the consumption, for con sumption of beer has actually increased under the visitation of taxation. The tax on cigars and cigarettes has been modi fied from 20 to 50 per cent on the former, according to weight, and reduced to 18 and 36 cents a pound as to the latter. Conveyances below $2,500 are exempted, and above that amount the tax has been reduced from 50 cents for each $500 to 25 cents per $500. The legacies of charitable, religious, literary or educational charac ter were excluded from taxation after March 1 of this year. Passage tickets are exempted below $50 in value and a dis count of 20 per cent is allowed on the tobacco and snuff tax of 12 cents a pound. The cost of the insular wars, which the nation undertook in 1898, has been war rant enough for the taxation which has been levied. In 1897 the cost of maintain ing our army and navy was $83,511,813; in 1900 the cost was $190,727,844, and the estimate for this year is $203,000,000. The reduction of the Philippine force and the withdrawal of our troops from Cuba will cause a drop in the expenditures. The Philippines and Porto Rico will probably, ere long, pay for the maintenance of the troops in garrison on those islands. The war with Spain has entailed a new pen sion list on the government .which now has on that account a pay roll of over $800,000, and will soon be a million dol lars a year. War is not only "hell," as General Sherman said, but it is a fearful ly expensive thing. Possible Effect on the Colleges With the self-made men of millions who, with their great and glittering combina tions of railroads and industries and mines, now so fully occupy the public stage, rushing into print to warn their youthful emulators against college edu cations it will be strange if the great uni versities do not experience a pronounced falling off in attendance within the next few years. On every hand successful makers of millions, powerful directors of groat Combinations of human beings, lead ers of vast armies of workers—the heroes of the day—are warning boys against the handicaps of the college course and strenuously advising them to leap into the arena at the end of a course in the grade schools or, at the most, a high school course. The voices that are raised in de fense of tho college education are few and feeble though Rockefeller snd Morgan and other millionaires are heaping up the en dowments of the very institutions their friends are decrying. Not Ashamed to be Rich Time was when men of wealth were reluctant to confess their riches,as if they were something to be ashamed of. Even the man who was most successful at pil ing up the dollars and turning the channels of returns toward himself, had a sort of uncomfort able idea that there might after all be somewhat of literal truth in the Biblical figure of the camel and the needle's eye. While many men were striving for wealth, few would admit that they cared especially for* wealth itself. Ostensibly they were merely busying themselves in a virtuous manner; and if wealth should turn out to be their lot, they were resigned to it. It was forever preached to people that wealth did not bring happiness and was not an especially desirable object for a life's activity. But this affectation is fast disappearing. Men of all classes and occupations, admit ting a few exceptions, are now so eager and determined in and jostle each other so hard in the feverish struggle for wealth that It is no longer worth while to at tempt to conceal the common goal. To say now that wealth is not an object worth attaining is to convict the most of the gTeat men of our times of wasting their lives, for there are to-day more great men engaged in commerce, mining and industry than in politics or the lib eral professions. Bird S., Coler, controller of the city of New York, voices the common feeling of the masses of the American people when he- says in a contributed article in a cur rent periodical: To be really and thoroughly happy, a man to-day must have money. No matter what may have been true In times past, in the twentieth century money stands as the great monument of human endeavor. And, in a material world, why should It not be so? In this age of manufactures and trade, money gives power, position, direction of affairs, and an opportunity for cherished activities, to say nothing of the physical and intellectual pleasures to which it is the avenue. John D. Rockefeller, who represents un counted millions besides his own great wealth, admitted in an interview the other day that his riches had made him happier than he could have been without THE MHSTKBAFOLIB JOUKNAI/. them. He said that there were some things in life better than wealth —as, of course, there are—but he, toad to admit that wealth was to him a source of posi tive happiness. If Rockefeller can derive pleasure" from a mass of wealth which, acordlng to old notions. Ought to- worry htm to death and eat all the pleasure out of life, why should not men of fewer mil lions as frankly admit that wealth, other conditions being favorable, does bring happiness? The simple truth Is that to most active and ambitious men wealth means in this age what success in war has meant in other ages, what success in literature meant in still others. With some qualifi cations the man of wealth is the man of power, influence and commanding posi tion. " In other words, the man of wealth regards himself as the successful man and, generally speaking, those who think of themselves as successful are happy. The success of Joseph E. Hayden, United States consul at Castellmare di Stabia, Italy, in demonstrating, contrary to the prejudice of the Italian manufac turers, that American flour i 3 suitable for macaroni making, should lead to a con siderable development of American wheat exportations to Italy. Mr. Hayden's sug gestion that the American government might profitably admit free of duty or at a decreased tariff macaroni' made from American wheat, is well worth consider ing. Such a step might lead to a good market. At present Italy buys neither wheat nor flour from us, though it ten ported 878,235 tons of wheat principally from Russia in 1898. Academic Freedom The Popular Science Monthly -points out that America is by no means tne only country in the world where academic free dom is occasionally entrenched upon. In fact it comes to the conclusion that though our state universities are subject to political control and private universi ties are generally denominational and dependent on the charity of patrons our university professors "have a reasonably satisfactory status." At the Royal En gineering College at Coopers Hill, Eng land, half the faculty were recntly dis missed without a hearing. An eminent chemist was dismissed from the Uni versity of Paris because he was partisan of Dreyfus. Certainly no American profesor has de veloped such servility in bowing to the interference of the university authori ties as Dr. Albert Fleischmann of the chair of zoology at Erlangen, Bavaria. In 1896 Dr. Fleischmann published the first part of a text book based on the now generally accepted theory evolution. In 1897 the Bavarian landtag ■ which probably knows about as much about zoology as a Minnesota legislature, ex pressed the wish that representatives of the natural sciences in Bavarian universi ties should not be evolutionists. Immediately following this wish Dr. Fleischmann, who was then associate pro fessor with an ambition to rise, brought out the second part of his text book, which contained a special chapter wherein the theory of evolution was declared to be absurd. The easy adapter of science to the views of the landtag received his reward. He is now full professor. Imagine the Minnesota, legislature di recting Prof. Nachtrieb of the state uni versity to "cut out" evolution. If you can accomplish that mental feat, endeavor to imagine Prof. Nachtrieb promptly declaring after the legislature decree, that evolution is an absurdity. We have in this city what is called re stricted public gambling. It is restricted to eight different places. • ■ Playing They have a bull fight on rilith tbe Buffal° midway, but the UJlzn toreadors are not allowed to Dynamite Puncture the bull. The male cow, however, has no such restrictions and while he has not suc ceeded In impaling any adventurous ■ Lattn- American yet, the chances for a sprightly Mexican funeral before the show is over seem to be very fair. The strange part of it Is, too, that the audience Is entirely on the side of the defender of the cow's^home and honor. When he scores or comes near it, there Is the greatest applause, but the hair breadth escape of the matador is received in respectful silence. The point seems to be that the bulls in the southern countries have been the under dogs in the fights for so long, that an American audience would not care now if he stepped rather carelessly on a few Latins just by way of evening things up. The toreador is a scornful child, clad in gay, rich colors, (ha: the bull- dislikes. And when a bull takes an antipathy he seems to hold a strong mental grasp of the feeling. No boy ever attempted to go through a field owned by a cross bull without discovering this peculiarity. Even the cow has her feel ings, but they are usually under better con trol, due, of course, to her feminine nature. People who de*slre to fool with a bull are free to do so, but the American idea is to climb a tree under this stress of circum stances and to stay there until the critter is elsewhere. It is not handsome or dignified but it is safer. A police captain of Brooklyn has cleaned out his precinct of toughs and hoodlums by ordering his men to fan them with their clubs. The precinct is given a wide berth now. Once in a while the wrong man is fanned but the police don't mind that. A New Jersey "kid" having seen a para chute jumper do his act, took his mother's umbrella and descended from the top of the house by the air line. The umbrella "turned on him" and the doctors are doing the rest. A bicycle repairer is charged with strewing tacks and glass on the Fifth street path to boom his business. Unfortunately the city's tag does not guarantee any one against punct ures on the paths. Mlnnetonka people have been coming in these hot mornings reporting, as usual, how nice and cool it was out at the lake, some even claiming to have seen thin ice formed during the nights. New York is seriously troubled by a horse epidemic. The animal's storage battery gives out half way between stations. A Missouri farmer has given $30,000 to Tarkio college. Now and then farming pays. ANTI-CORSET CRUSADE Baltimore Sun. An active crusade against the wearing of ladies' corsets is being carried on at Buda pest. The Hungarian minister for public in struction has issued an energetic order against their use, forbidding all girl pupils atending the public and private day schools in Hungary to wear them. Herr yon Wlas slcs declares in his order that the corset pre vents the full development of the bodily or gans and stunts the growth. He desires a uniform blouse to be adopted in its stead. This order has been sympathetically received In educational circles, but regret is expressed that the female teachers have not been in cluded in it, as it is thought their example may be prejudicial to their pupils. One by One the JLlst Grows. Washington Post. Then there Is Hon. Tom Reed, who is be lieved to have substantial objections to the third-term notion. , REPUBLICAN BOURBONISM Unless Arrested It Will Be the Bane of the Party as Bourbonism 'Was the Bane of the Democracy. Brooklyn Eagle. There are signs In republicanism which would give to a well organized democracy, were there such a thing, hope. To a degreo the conscience and to a degree the judgment of sundry republicanism may be said to be troubled by some of the consequences of pro tection. When men in Australia, New Zea land, China, India, Egypt, Russia, Germany, France and England pay less for things sent to them from the United States, and made here, than men In thiß country pay for the same things, men here are beginning to de clare that they pay too much. For answer they are told that if..thos* here are not con tent with paying more for what-la made near to them and among them, than those afar off, to "whom it is sent at grpat expense, then wages here must come do^n, and the devil will be to pay. This is wanting in clearness. Home buy ers suppose that they are paying the cost and a fair profit on home products. They do not suppose, and it is hard to make them believe, that they are also, paying the wages of the employes of manufacturers. Manufac turers were supposed to pay them themselves. Employes have supposed that manufacturers pay their wages, which were fairly earned by fair work. They do not suppose that they owe their wages to something other than their labor, to the toil or bounty or ransom, for instance, exacted from consumers in the form of exorbitant prices put upon articles in the home market. The threat to reduce wages, If the tariff is interfered with, is not wisely made to a nation that resents threats. Manufacturers would do better to reduce prices than to threaten to reduce wages. To be sure, the reduction of prices may involve reduction of profits, but even if profits were reduced, the whole people would get the benefit of low ered charges, and prosperity would increase among the whole people instead of merely among a portion of the people, whether large or small. Then, again, the profits might not be reduced at all. Lowered prices might bring about larger sales, and the reduced charge on the articles might be more than made up by the increased demand for them. Moreover, there might be a shift in prices instead of a cut. Just now the highest prices are shifted over the heads of Americans, and the lowest are shifted over the heads of foreigners. Suppose the shifts were reversed. Nor is the case met when it is stated that if Americans cannot undersell foreigners abroad, they will lose markets abroad. It Americans can undersell foreigners abroad, they can also undersell at home every for eign manufacturer that tried to compete with them here. If foreigners reap the cheapness TUNES PLAYED ON BOULDERS Philadelphia Record. Upper Bucks county has long been noted for its many natural curiosities. Within a radius of a few miles Is to be found the Dur ham cave, as yet unexplored to its full ex tent; the Palisades of Pennsylvania along the Delaware, the "Scheppen Dall," the Iron mines of Durham, the ore of which is the richest in the United States; the Ringing Rocks of Nockamixon, and the Ringing Rocks of Stony Garden, the two largest fields in Pennsylvania, the area covered being not larger, but the ringing sounds mudh better. There are three fields of these rocks at Stony Garden, situated at the foot of Haycock mountain, in Haycock township, 620 feet above sea level. The largest of these fields covers an area of a quarter of a mile long and an average width of 200 feet, the other two covering about an acre and a quarter each. The Garden is considered by geolpgists to be the root of an extinct volcano, which, while in a state of ebullition some 400,000 years ago (geological reckoning), upturned these stones of- fflWspar formation and left them heaped up .inf weird, fantastic forms, making a most desolate-looking spot on the mountain side, tot,' although surrounded'by heavy timber and growing verdure, not a tree or shrub can be found within the Garden, and no soil can bo seen between the crevices of the rocks. These rock* ar« supposed to have their bed 1,600 feet underneath on the Archaean or primitive rocks, and when struck with a hammer their clear, bell-like tones can be heard a mile distant. The rocks as they He in the Garden are said to have four distinct tones, running AMUSEMENTS Foyer Chat. The change in the temperature caused a largely increased attendance at the Lyceum last evening to see the vaudeville ?how. The program is making the biggest kind of a hit and if the weather should continue cool the theater would unquestionably be packed for the last three performances, to-night and to-morrow afternoon and evening. It would have been difficult to have made a better selection for an opening play for the Pike Theater company's season than "Trilby." Not only has it been played but seldom in this city, but it is rich in oppor tunities for those playing in it. "Trilby" is a sterling good play, with the atmosphere of the Bohemian life of Paris about it, and with a vein of mystery running through it that heightens the love interest to a most absorbing degree. The Pike company's pro duction will be on a most elaborate scale and the fact that great interest is being taken 'n it was demonstrated by the first day's ad vance sale yesterday. COLONY OF SONG BIRDS Baltimore Sun. In a roomy apartment on the roof of his home, 1130 Light street, Joseph B. Harig has an interesting collection of about 150 foreign song birds, all apparently as happy and contented as in their native woods. Ear ly in the morning their singing fills the neighborhood with melody. Many of the species, especially the finches and linnets, interbreed, and new colors and subspecies are constantly being produced. The most valuable songsters are the "mules," produced by interbreeding of the canaries and finches. Several of these bird "mules" are in the collection. The different species included are Euro pean gold finches, gray, blue and green linnets, chaffinches, siskins, bullfinches, Vir ginia red birds, nonpareils, Japanese robins, Brazilian cardinals, Australian shell para quets, Brazilian paraquets, white Java spar rows, gray Java sp*arrows, Norwich canaries, Cinnamon canaries, St. Andreasburg rollers, African finches, blue buntings and strawberry finches. Mr. Harig visits the aviary. each day and the birds swarm about him, perch ing upon any available part of his body and eating from his lips or hands. He frequent ly opens the doors, but the birds never go far away. MIRRORS FRIGHTEN BIRDS Washington Star. "I learned a trick while in the Philippines In the matter of keeping birds out of fruit trees," volunteered a well-known official of the postoffice department to a Star reporter, "which may be of value to many just now, when so many cherries are being destroyed by birds. It is simple, inexpensive and, as far as I could observe, practical. It consists in hanging a small mirror on the top limbs of the tree. There should be at least six inches of string to the mirror, so that it can swing about as it is blown by the wind. The flash of the mirror, it appears, scares the birds away. One or two five-cent mir rors hung on a tree is sufficient, though, of course, three or four would be that much better. I was told that this method had worked in the Philippines successfully for many years, and that the birds do not grow familiar with it, as they do with a scare- crow. Since my return here I find that the mirror scare is not unknown here, and that it has been in use by Michigan fruit-growers for many years. I have tried it myself in a small way and it is amusing what a stir it creates among the birds." Walkover for Chauneey. Baltimore American. , The contest for the original third-term man man has narrowed down to Senator Depew. Iwbteli competition assures, Americans can not, in morals or in logic, be deprived of the benefits of a fair system which, on its American side, means monopoly and the highest prices, and which, on its foreign, side, means competition and the lowest prices, gives to Americans the rough end of the matter. They are patient, because prosperous, and because patient and pros perous, they have been uncomplaining. But they are thinking, and they are beginning to complain. And neither wage-reducing threats, nor adjurations to party harmony, nor golden words about prosperity, nor as surances of the danger of tariff legislation will permanently quiet them. The United States must either directly re duce some duties from a prohibitive point, or must Indirectly relieve the pressure by reciprocity treaties which the senate has per sistently neglected to consider at all. Those treaties propose that certain products of for eign countries shall be admitted Into the United States at a lower rate of duty than that provided in the Dingley law, in return for the admission of products of the United States into foreign countries at less than the tariff rates of those countries. The time has come when our people must admit that protection as a principle has ac complished its work, and that the modifica tion of it mugt commence. Either the pend- ing reciprocity treaties should be ratified or there should be a. uniform cut in duties, di rectly to secure a result which the adoption of the treaties might in another way bring about. Those who foresee this and who fore say It will suffer no discredit in history either as moralists or economists. Those who are trying to siience them under pressure of party exigency or profit exigency are Insen sibly taking that attitude toward protection which a purblind democracy took toward the union, toward freedom, toward the war amendments, toward specie payments, toward the gold standard, toward the paramountcy of national law and toward expansion. Protection is a thing as to which a party can become quite as Bourbonish as democra cy did toward those other matters. And Bour bonlsm, unless arrested, will be the bane of republicanism Just as it was the bane of its political adversary. Expansion as to terri tory is an accomplished fact and a settled issue. Expansion as to markets, as to the markets of the whole world, is the coming Issue In politics, and If the democracy, drop ping its infernal nonsense on lapsed ques tions, can realign around living issues and command the affirmative of the expansion issue, as to the markets of the world, their opponents will have no one to blame but themselves. from the middle D on the piano, but can be easily tuned to form a gamut. It remained, however, for the late William J. Buck, his torian of Bucks and Montgomery counties, to conceive the idea of their possibilities as producers of melody, and for Dr. J. J. Ott, of Pleasant Valley, to carry out the Idea. Sev eral years ago Dr. Ott selected a number of rocks from the Garden, weighing about 200 pounds each, and carefully tuned them until he had a full octave upon which to draw musical sounds. At a meeting of the Buck wampun Historical and Literary society, held at the Garden, he gave selections on the rocks, accompanied by a full brass band, among which was a composition of his own, entitled, "Sounds from the Ringing Rocks,'' and the clear, bell-like tones could be dis tinctly heard ringing out high above the notes of the horns. The Ringing Rooks of Nockamixon are situated about a mile and a half from Bridge ton, opposite Milfortf, N. J., and, while the field 16 not so large as at Stony Garden and the rocks not #f such clear tones, they are more picturesquely located. In hi» climb to reach the ringing rocks the visitor is greeted by many cheering in scriptions along the way, such as "la this the way to heaven Or ?" and as he scrambles along in the hot sun he feels as if it was "or," and he is reminded of the legend that this desert spot was made by his satanic majesty himself. The story goe« that, in stalking about the earth before departing for the inferno through the Devils Hole- Durham Cave—the devil, In stepping across the Delaware, broke his apron string and sat down here to repair it, forever blighting the spot for-any utility to man. OTHER PEOPLE'S NOTIONS "The Case of H. Clay Evans." To the Editor of The Journal: I was gratified to read, a few days ago, your editorial on "The Case of H. Clay Ev ans." It was well put, and I wish that more of our leading republican journals would take the same position, and as vigorously, as you do I have served under six commissioners of pensions, and during my entire term of serv ice in the pension office, H. Clay Evans is the only commissioner who has served through a full term without a congressional investigation. In this statement I want it distinctly understood that I owe nothing to H. Clay Evans. He turned me down for dep uty commissioner at. the beginning of his ad ministration, but I know him to be a fearless, capable, efficient public official. Your statement of the Tanner matter was none too strong. I was in the pension office undfr Tanner. His ambition was to issue 1,000 pension certificates a day without much regard to the justice of the claim. His ad ministration has made the way thorny for each commissioner since, because so much of the loose work done during the short time he was in offlc,e has had to be reviewed and done over since. It is a fact that during his administration of the pension office cliques were running that office, and men in the pension office in cliques were reratlng them selves as pensioners. And as a result of all this, President Harrison was obliged to ask for and insist upon his resignation. Other wise one of the worst scandals that ever dis graced an office in Washington would have attached to the republican party. When H. Clay Evans took charge of the pension office, four years ago, Tanner under took to "run" it for him. But H. Clay Ev ans is not the kind of official who allows his office to be run by a man of Tanner's style. Out of personal spite, Tanner was the means, not long afterward, of having the G. A. R., at its national encampment at Cincinnati,' pass a series of resolutions condemning the commissioner for, among other things, not adjudicating claims based upon rheumatism incurred in the service, when any one who has any working knowledge of the pension office knows that there is no other one dis ability, unless it be diarrhoea, on which there are more adjudications of pension claims than upon rheumatism. Ell Torrance of your city tried to choke off these resolutions, but Tan ner's tongue was too oily and they went through, much to the discredit of the G. A. R. It makes little difference what Corporal Tanner and General Sickles say as to who are at the bottom of the opposition to Ev ans. It is the pension attorneys first and foremost. Evans has been hunting them down too closely to make it comfortable for them. The soldiers get their ammunition from the National Tribune, a paper started and conducted by George E. Lemon till his death, a man whose fees as pension attorney amounted to about |1,000 a day, all of which came out of the soldiers' pensions. Many soldiers, even intelligent ones, are duped by what this paper tells them of the present commissioner of pensions. „. „ , —E. W. Young. St. Paul, June 27. Would Prove Useful. Baltimore American. We trust that Mr. Bryan will succeed in gathering all the political rummage into his new party, and keeping it there. Courting a Bid. Baltimore American Ex-President Cleveland is giving out inter views like a man who anticipates an invita tion to step into the breach. Not Yet Located. Chicago Record-Herald. Senator Allison says he is too old to be president, but the man who thinks himself too youag is yet to be found. FKIDAY EVENING, JUNE 28, 1901. KLOOFMAN'S FORT By CHARLES LEE TAYLOR. Copyright, 1901, hy A. S. Richardson, "Aye! it is good—it is good!" said old Kloofman, the burgher, when the Transvaal declared war against the English. "The English have ever made us trouble, and now we shall- drive them beyond the borders and never let oue of them set foot on our land again. Gott! but I like this declaration of war!' 1 "But the English are many, father, and they know much of war," replied his daugh ter Mary. "What of that!" he almost shouted as he walked to and fro. "We are thousands and ten of thousands, and we also know some thing of war. Besides, we are at home, and they must come from over the sea; they stand up shoulder to shoulder to shoot, while we take cover and make every bullet tell; they will get lost on the veldt and among the kopjes, while we know every rod of ground. I aay we shall kill them off like flies and be rid of them forever, and it is good—good— good!" Kloofman had passed his eightieth birthday, and, though able to oversee things, there was no more actual farm work for him on the broad acres. Mary, his only child, and motherless for several years, was now a girl of 20. The farmhouse of stone sat in the shadow of a rugged mountain, and the Kloof man lands 6tretched across the veldt for two milts. Within two days after the declaration of war burghers were passing the house on foot and on horseback, as they made haste to re port to the nearest town. There were boys of 16 and men of 60, and when they halted for water and to exchange words Kloofman looked at the gray-haired men and exclaimed: "Walt for me! I will get my rifle and horse and go with you! Never shall It be said that Jacob Kloofman tarried at home while there was war in the land and a foe to threaten our liberties." "Nay, nay," replied youth and graybeard together. "A man of 60 is not old in this mountain air, but a man of 80 has seen his best days and must sit by his fireside and read of the victories we shall win." "But I must help—l must help," stoutly persisted the old patriot. "Shall it be said that Kloofman did nothing for his country while other men were marching and fighting and dying?" "You cannot ride or fight with us," they gently answered, "but you can aid the caus? in other ways. We shall need horses and oxen and hay and grain, and we shall need lint and bandages and nursing. Be ready to give when we call, and you shall reap honors with us." Days later, when a battle had been won and ther.e.was rejoicing from house to house all over the land, old Jacob sat under the apple tree shading his front door and wept. "What is it, rather?" asked the daughter, as she left her work to caress his snow-white locks. "Think of it, daughter," he continued as fresh tears came. "Of all the houses for miles around mine alone cannot send at least one soldier to fight for our liberties. Some send five, some three, some two. There is no one here to go, and I am grieved and broken." "Be comforted," she whispered, with a blush he could not see for his tears. "Karl ■Onderman has come here very often of late." "Yes—Karl Onderman—an honest young man." "He—he loves me, father." "Oh-ho!" "And I—l love him. But for the war he would have asked you for my hand. I have pledged my love, and he goes to war to rep resent the housn of Kloofman." "That is good—very good," murmured the old man. "It is an honor to us, and yet he is not of our blod. I cannot go and you can not go, but I ask you to promise me this: If ever the hated English come this way, as the fighting goes on, they shall not step over our Daily New York Letter BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL. No. 21 Park Row, Now York. Cassatt'a R. R. Coup. June 28.—A new tmter is to be established in New York city and it will mark the great est centralization ever attempted in this town. Herald Scuare is soon to blossom forth as the hub around which all the rtst of the city will revolve. It will be the heart of th» metropolis' activity and underneath the city's surface at that point will be another city of business and bustle and all under the control of the Pennsylvania Railroad company. At an early date ths New York Central road will have to refrain from styling itself as the only railroad running into New York city, for the Pennsylvania wili not only be running into the heart of the town, but will perform the act from two different directions and wllJ control the direct traffic from the west to New England. Developments of the last few days in this direction have been of the most start ling sort and th? town is awak«- now to the fact that the Cassatt people have outwitted everybody here. Following on a long: formu lated plan of action, the climax of which was, however, most skilfully concealed, the railroad magnates from the keystone state have the necessary land and the necessary money and are about to start actively on the developments planned. Tunnels from both sides will te constructed to run into the city at Herald Square, the one from Long Island City under the East river, and the other from Hoboken under the North river. They will meet In the vicinity of Broadway, Sixth avenue and Thirty-fourth street and under this section of the City for some acres will be immense stations and freight yards for the accommodation of the traffic that can be passed under the North river and then on under the East river, thence by connections of the Long Island railroad to Boston with out change of cars for passengers or delays for freight. The plans of the road are the greatest of their kind ever proposed and even without the additional aid of the coming North river bridge, which will also be a Pennsylvania property when completed, will give that railroad domination of all the traffic of the metropolis. The Real Estate Bon*fht Up. Hardly had the financiers, real estate peo ple and the general public had an opportunity to digest the news of the East river tunne! to Herald Square, for the benefit of the Long Island road, a chattel of the Pennsylvania, when the tales of real estate purchases in the Herald Square vicinage became public prop erty. Then came the information of the gen eral stupendous scheme of the Pennsylvania people and the aforesaid financiers, real estate people and general public are suffering from an acuto attack of indigestion. According to the Pennsylvania idea a belt line will be constructed about the eastern side of the Brooklyn borough, connecting with the New England and Northern roads by a series of bridges to the Bronk. and by this line and ferries from Bay bridge to the new Pennsyl vania terminal at Greenville in New Jersey immediate connection will be effected between the Pennsylvania line and Boston without waiting for tunnels or bridges. Those affairs will later on merely amplify and enlargs on the service, although the connections first named wi'.l probably handle a greater part of the freight business even them. Then, too, the summer resorts of Long Island are to ba aided and built up not only by advantageous train service through the East river tunnel, Pennsylvania's! Fame Abroad. New York Journal. In selecting a presidential candidate, Penn sylvania 13 ruled out by the fact that its votes are certain in any case, and also by the nauseous reputation of Its republican politicians, which would make a Pennsylva nian name on the national ticket equivalent to the selection of the Princess de Chimay as a patroness of a debutantes' cotillion. Mar Riae to an Inquiry. Louisville Post. Senator Beveridge cannot understand why Senator Fairbanks should be a more promi nent candidate for president than the Junior senator from Indiana. A Utopian Dream. Nashville American. The report that Pierpont Morgan has be come the sole owner of a Georgia watermelon is doubtless falsa threshold. We have rifles and bullets. We will barricade the house and fight them off. Promise me that we shall.fight." "But I am only a girl, father, and you are an old man," she protested. "But we must fight them—you—must prom ise. We must do it because we have no kin to send to war. If you will not promise, then—then—" "I will promise," she said as she went back to her work. . Weeks passed, and one day as father and daughter stood in' the door listening to th€ distant rumble of cannon from the north, tn« girl's keen eyes caught sight of red uniforms end flashing arms on the narrow highway. "Father, the English are coming!" sha said, with a gasp. "God! but Is it so!" he shouted. "How many, girl—how many?" "Hundreds!" "And^ they ride this way to capture, burn and destroy! Daughter, do you remember your promise?" "I do, father." "Then bar the door, shutter the wlndowi and raise the flag of Kloofman to the roof! War has come to us at last and I am glad. We will show these Englishmen how old and young—men and women—can fight and die toi liberty. Ah! my old eyes can dimly see them now, and I feel like shouting and laughing!" It was a raiding party of five hundred Brit ish cavalry, accompanied by half a battery. They were seizing horses, oxen and car'u for transportation, but neither burning nor destroying. But for the sight of the flag of defiance fluttering above the farmhouse, they might have cleared the fields and shed's and passed on. That flag meant that a score or more of burghers had gathered and meant to make a fight of it. A3 skirmishers press-d forward two rifles were discharged and \ soldier threw up his arms and fell upon the grass. A hundred men were dismounted and advanced, and for a quarter of an hour they fired briskly at doors and windows. At tn' tervals a rifle cracked In response to the bark of a carbine, and at each a soldier went down to rise no more. A flag of truce was sent forward with a demand for surrender, and it was Kloofman who unbarred the door and stood bareheaded in the open and called out: "Go back and say that we shall fight to the death. Jacob Kloofman had no son to send to the front and he was too old to go himself, but when war comes to his own door he will show you English how a burgher can die for liberty and his home!" "The fools!" muttered the colonel as he received the message. "It Is a stone house and there may be twenty men inside of it with rifles, but a few shells from the guns will make ruins of the place. My compli ments to Captain Davis, and tell him to open flre at once." Five minutes later the three rifled guns were hurling shell at the old farmhouse The missiles tore their way through the roof ahd entered by door and windows. The soldiers cheered and looked for spedy surrender. There was no longer any rifle-firing, but the flag did not come down. When the guns had flred three or four rounds apiece, a white flag was sent forward again. No one appeared in de fiance this time. The man who bore it walked straight to the house and peered in through the terrible gaps left by the shells. Then he slowly returned and reported to the colonel: "No one to answer, sir. I think they mint all be dead." The dismounted men moved up, led by tn» colonel. No hostile bullet greeted them. In a circle and with carbines ready, they closed in on the battered house. At length tho colonel and one of his aides entered with their hats In the hands, and the colonels voice had a catch in It as he said: "Men, uncover! The defenders of this housa were an old man and a young girl, father and daughter, and they were torn to death by the shells! Let them be buried with our own dead, and with all the honors, God rest theii souls!" but by the liberal application of capital am well, for the party in control of the Pennsyl vania line is not suffering from lack of caslx and is more than wUling to lay it out itt ipve^ments promising as much as will Long Iswj-.nd realty in view of the plans formulate-1 by the railroads. As an indication of this the men in the know have alrtady bought up all of the purchasable property in tha Herald Square section and are holding -It for fancy prices when their plans have been put into effect. As for the road itself, it was only a little over a year ago that the Pennsyl vania legislature increased its capital sock to $100,000,000 and all of the new stock was sold to the old stockholders for the purpose of securing cash for the Long Island road purchase, the establishment of the Greenville terminal, the purchase of Long Island real estate, the Pennsylvania Steel company and the organization of the East River Tunnel company. Easy for the "Cop." Members of New York's "finest" are about to receive the leisure afforded by the three platoon system, for the adoption of which they have been fighting for several years. Under the new scheme the force will be regu larly divided into three parts and each set will be worked for eight hours at a time and will then be given eight hours of reserve duty. That will require the men to sleep or rest at the station houses during that period, after which they will go on patrol duty foi another eight hours and will then take eithe? one or two days off, as will yet be decided upon. The men are naturally jubilant over their prospects as every man will have a good deal of leisure time guaranteed him. Inci dentally it is a good Tammany move for the political campaign. From TO to 90 per cent of the horses !n N«w York are suffering from the grip. Veterinar ians are puzzled and horse owners are vexed, while business is not a little inconvenienced thereby. A little over a week ago the trouble first became apparent, first afflicting the high bred roadsters and coach horses, and then moving on the dray horses and other animals of more humble station. Among the heavy draught horses the trouble is most pre valent, the symptoms being fever, cough, loss of appetite and a general weakness, which in many cases amounts almost to a collapse in harness. The veterinarians, while not sura of the exact nature of the disease, do agree that the unusual weather conditions of the past two months, with the great amount of rain, have been responsible for the trouble. Free Public Baths. Ten of the free public baths provided by the city have been opened and five more will be turned over to the people within another ■jreek. These free baths are great institutions in their way and evidently fill a "long felt want" as for several weeks before the grand opening there were many inquiries at the bath houses by persons who had evidently been strangers to aqua pura since tho baths closed last fall. During the last season over six million persons took advantage of the baths and It la expected that this year the figures will be enlarged upon, especially if tho summer is a warm one. The batha ar-? scattered all along the waterfront, from the Battery to Harlem, on both the North and East rivers. They are open from 5 o'clock in the morning until 9 o'clock in the evening. — K. N. A. Always at the Wire. Boston Advertiser. In all his Journeying Senator Beverldg* never gets far from a telegraph office. HEART AND MIND If all the dead whom I have known ally* Could rise unsheeted from their every gray* What is the question I would first contrive And which the friend whose answer I would crave? t Not to the great philosopher or sage My unreluctant tongue should be ■untied. Though in that hour I might believe an as* Of longing -wonder could be satisfied; Not to the teacher of the ways divine, Nor preacher of the faith he'd held « carth — These well might follow in an ordered Una As one by one the mind should give then birth— But, searching for one face, the heart wouU call, "Dost thou remember me, my all in all?" —John George Romanes.