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The worm has turned in Philadelphia |
and the plundered citizens met in force
last night to voice their woes and arrange
for a war a l'outronce against the re
lentless grip of the "bosses." The citi
zens realized the other day how much
they were in the power of a group of
Usurpers, when a purchased council passed
franchise bills which the mayor signed
and presented "free gratis" to the street
railway companies and contemptuously
spat upon the Wanamaker offer of $3,000,
--©OO cash for the franchises which had been
co readily handed over to the monopoly
■without consulting the interests of the
At the meeting last night, the veteran
reformer, Col. A. K. McClure, was pres
ent with his battle armor on and doubtless
as ready to attack the combination as he
■was twenty odd years ago, when he j
started the Philadelphia Times and split
In two and splintered a successful gang of
municipal thieves and put some heart
Into the plundered citizens. Charles
Emory Smith, the postmaster general, who
is a resident of Philadelphia and editor of
the Press, also inspired the assembly by
telegraphing a message in which he said:
"It is time for a new declaration of inde
pendence. Philadelphia ought to rise in
her might against jobbers in her
public rights and ravishers of her sacred
safeguards of law."
When a group of men capture a city and
assume proprietary rights over the lives
and property of citizens and enter upon
a career of plunder, the only way to get
them out is through a popular revolution
at the polls. As Josiah Flynt's ex-grafter
told him: "If the pub wants things done
level ther's no power can prevent 'em."
And if the Philadelphia "pub" wants level
administration they can have it and so
can every other "pub," if they choose to
make the fight. It requires a fight to
the finish. It requires organization of
the fighting force of the strongest, with
no dress parade elements; with the most
Intelligent direction and tireless persist
ance; inscribing on its banners "Lay on
and spare not!"
The blood of the "pub" in Philadelphia
Is up and the "pub" seems to want things
"done level" and they -will on that line
conquer if they do not get tired. That
is the trouble with many municipal re
formers. They nearly burst blood vessels
denouncing the constricting rings and
bosses, but, in a square, no surrender
fight, a no-discharge fight, they weaken
and pull out saying: "It takes too
much time." This kind of reform is im
potent to save a city from the buccaneers.
There have bean times in New York when
even Tammany has been made to tremble,
because of the manifestation by the "pub"
that it wanted things "done level," but
the "pub" has weakened and dropped its
■weapons and Tammany has resumed its
predatory sway. If we would reform our
cities the old guard must be continually
on the watch tower, keen to note and
crush the first movement in resuscitation
of the enemy who has been downed.
It is to be hoped that the Philadelphia
reformers have counted, the cost of a
•war with the municipal ring and will go
in to win. They will not win if they con
fine their work to letting off fireworks at
A mass meeting.
A Serious Matter
This circus ticket difficulty at the city
hall is really a serious affair. It must not
be supposed that because a circus ticket
is in itself an insignificant piece cf paste
board it cannot be tho cause of serious
differences. Each of the disputants—T. R.
Brown, the mayor's private secretary, and
L A. Lydiard, city clerk —has good reasons
lor his position. Mr. Lydiard represents
Ihe principle of precedent, the very basis
of all social and legal customs. On the
other hand Mr. Brown represents the idea
of innovation, which is essential to prog
ress. But as Brown holds the tickets we
can see how Lydiard will, for the first time
in years, pay to see the circus If he sees it
at all. As it is one of the rules of the
game at the city hall that an official shall
pay for nothing in the amusement or
transportation lines, Mr. Lydiard will lose
caete. Thus does the number of "Doc"
Ames' enemies multiply.
In the vast tracts of virgin timber land
owned by the state in the Philippine
Islands, the government has a splendid
opportunity to apply practical forestry.
Captain George Ahem, chief of the
island's bureau of forestry, estimates the
forest area at from 20,000,000 to 40,000,000
acres. The island of Mindanao, the great
unexplored Island of the group, has" its
entire area covered with splendid forest
growths. The development of China,
bound to follow fast on the settlement
of the present internal troubles in that
country, will lead to a great demand for
the timber of the Philippines. The gov
ernment should early establish regulations
which shall keep lands best adapted to
forestry from passing into the possession
of private owners and permit timber to be
removed only in accordance with rules
which shall insure the preservation of the
forests of the reserved tracts.
National Tax Reduction
On July 1 there wil be a considerable
reduction of federal taxation which was
levied to provide means to meet the ex
penses of the Spanish war in the war rev
enue bill of 1898.
By the act of the last congress the 2
cent tax on each bank check, the 1-cent
tax on express receipts and the 1-cent
tax on telegraphic and telephone mes
sages are repealed and the public will be
immensely pleased with such relief, for
these taxes strike into the public's every
day life and are troublesome, although a
comparatively easy way for the govern
ment to secure revenue. Other taxes
abolished are the stamps required to be
affixed to proprietary medicines, perfum
ery and drugs and the 10-cent tax on bills
of lading and that on charter parties
which is uncomfortably high; the tax on
money orders, warehouse receipts, prom
issory notes, power of attorney, on mort
gages, leases, insurance policies, sight
drafts, commercial brokers and chewing
gum. A number of taxes are modified,
as those on beer and cigars. Beer tax has
been modified from $2 a barrel and 7*£
per cent discount to $1.60 per barrel, and
the 7% per cent discount is repealed. The
beer tax was no burden to the consum
ers or producers of beer, as it made no
difference in the consumption, for con
sumption of beer has actually increased
under the visitation of taxation. The tax
on cigars and cigarettes has been modi
fied from 20 to 50 per cent on the former,
according to weight, and reduced to 18
and 36 cents a pound as to the latter.
Conveyances below $2,500 are exempted,
and above that amount the tax has been
reduced from 50 cents for each $500 to 25
cents per $500. The legacies of charitable,
religious, literary or educational charac
ter were excluded from taxation after
March 1 of this year. Passage tickets are
exempted below $50 in value and a dis
count of 20 per cent is allowed on the
tobacco and snuff tax of 12 cents a pound.
The cost of the insular wars, which the
nation undertook in 1898, has been war
rant enough for the taxation which has
been levied. In 1897 the cost of maintain
ing our army and navy was $83,511,813; in
1900 the cost was $190,727,844, and the
estimate for this year is $203,000,000. The
reduction of the Philippine force and the
withdrawal of our troops from Cuba will
cause a drop in the expenditures. The
Philippines and Porto Rico will probably,
ere long, pay for the maintenance of the
troops in garrison on those islands. The
war with Spain has entailed a new pen
sion list on the government .which now
has on that account a pay roll of over
$800,000, and will soon be a million dol
lars a year. War is not only "hell," as
General Sherman said, but it is a fearful
ly expensive thing.
Possible Effect on the Colleges
With the self-made men of millions who,
with their great and glittering combina
tions of railroads and industries and
mines, now so fully occupy the public
stage, rushing into print to warn their
youthful emulators against college edu
cations it will be strange if the great uni
versities do not experience a pronounced
falling off in attendance within the next
few years. On every hand successful
makers of millions, powerful directors of
groat Combinations of human beings, lead
ers of vast armies of workers—the heroes
of the day—are warning boys against the
handicaps of the college course and
strenuously advising them to leap into the
arena at the end of a course in the grade
schools or, at the most, a high school
course. The voices that are raised in de
fense of tho college education are few and
feeble though Rockefeller snd Morgan and
other millionaires are heaping up the en
dowments of the very institutions their
friends are decrying.
Not Ashamed to be Rich
Time was when men of wealth were
reluctant to confess their riches,as if they
were something to be ashamed of. Even
the man who was most successful at pil
ing up the dollars and turning
the channels of returns toward
himself, had a sort of uncomfort
able idea that there might after all
be somewhat of literal truth in the
Biblical figure of the camel and the
needle's eye. While many men were
striving for wealth, few would admit that
they cared especially for* wealth itself.
Ostensibly they were merely busying
themselves in a virtuous manner; and if
wealth should turn out to be their lot,
they were resigned to it. It was forever
preached to people that wealth did not
bring happiness and was not an especially
desirable object for a life's activity.
But this affectation is fast disappearing.
Men of all classes and occupations, admit
ting a few exceptions, are now so eager
and determined in and jostle each other
so hard in the feverish struggle for wealth
that It is no longer worth while to at
tempt to conceal the common goal. To
say now that wealth is not an object
worth attaining is to convict the most of
the gTeat men of our times of wasting
their lives, for there are to-day more
great men engaged in commerce, mining
and industry than in politics or the lib
Bird S., Coler, controller of the city of
New York, voices the common feeling of
the masses of the American people when
he- says in a contributed article in a cur
To be really and thoroughly happy, a man
to-day must have money. No matter what
may have been true In times past, in the
twentieth century money stands as the great
monument of human endeavor.
And, in a material world, why should It
not be so? In this age of manufactures
and trade, money gives power, position,
direction of affairs, and an opportunity for
cherished activities, to say nothing of the
physical and intellectual pleasures to
which it is the avenue.
John D. Rockefeller, who represents un
counted millions besides his own great
wealth, admitted in an interview the
other day that his riches had made him
happier than he could have been without
THE MHSTKBAFOLIB JOUKNAI/.
them. He said that there were some
things in life better than wealth —as, of
course, there are—but he, toad to admit
that wealth was to him a source of posi
tive happiness. If Rockefeller can derive
pleasure" from a mass of wealth which,
acordlng to old notions. Ought to- worry
htm to death and eat all the pleasure out
of life, why should not men of fewer mil
lions as frankly admit that wealth, other
conditions being favorable, does bring
The simple truth Is that to most active
and ambitious men wealth means in this
age what success in war has meant in
other ages, what success in literature
meant in still others. With some qualifi
cations the man of wealth is the man of
power, influence and commanding posi
tion. " In other words, the man of wealth
regards himself as the successful man and,
generally speaking, those who think of
themselves as successful are happy.
The success of Joseph E. Hayden,
United States consul at Castellmare di
Stabia, Italy, in demonstrating, contrary
to the prejudice of the Italian manufac
turers, that American flour i 3 suitable for
macaroni making, should lead to a con
siderable development of American wheat
exportations to Italy. Mr. Hayden's sug
gestion that the American government
might profitably admit free of duty or at
a decreased tariff macaroni' made from
American wheat, is well worth consider
ing. Such a step might lead to a good
market. At present Italy buys neither
wheat nor flour from us, though it ten
ported 878,235 tons of wheat principally
from Russia in 1898.
The Popular Science Monthly -points out
that America is by no means tne only
country in the world where academic free
dom is occasionally entrenched upon.
In fact it comes to the conclusion that
though our state universities are subject
to political control and private universi
ties are generally denominational and
dependent on the charity of patrons our
university professors "have a reasonably
satisfactory status." At the Royal En
gineering College at Coopers Hill, Eng
land, half the faculty were recntly dis
missed without a hearing. An eminent
chemist was dismissed from the Uni
versity of Paris because he was partisan
Certainly no American profesor has de
veloped such servility in bowing to the
interference of the university authori
ties as Dr. Albert Fleischmann of the
chair of zoology at Erlangen, Bavaria.
In 1896 Dr. Fleischmann published the
first part of a text book based on the now
generally accepted theory evolution.
In 1897 the Bavarian landtag ■ which
probably knows about as much about
zoology as a Minnesota legislature, ex
pressed the wish that representatives of
the natural sciences in Bavarian universi
ties should not be evolutionists.
Immediately following this wish Dr.
Fleischmann, who was then associate pro
fessor with an ambition to rise, brought
out the second part of his text book,
which contained a special chapter wherein
the theory of evolution was declared to
The easy adapter of science to the views
of the landtag received his reward. He
is now full professor.
Imagine the Minnesota, legislature di
recting Prof. Nachtrieb of the state uni
versity to "cut out" evolution.
If you can accomplish that mental feat,
endeavor to imagine Prof. Nachtrieb
promptly declaring after the legislature
decree, that evolution is an absurdity.
We have in this city what is called re
stricted public gambling. It is restricted
to eight different places. • ■
Playing They have a bull fight on
rilith tbe Buffal° midway, but the
UJlzn toreadors are not allowed to
Dynamite Puncture the bull. The
male cow, however, has no
such restrictions and while he has not suc
ceeded In impaling any adventurous ■ Lattn-
American yet, the chances for a sprightly
Mexican funeral before the show is over
seem to be very fair. The strange part of it
Is, too, that the audience Is entirely on the
side of the defender of the cow's^home and
honor. When he scores or comes near it,
there Is the greatest applause, but the hair
breadth escape of the matador is received in
The point seems to be that the bulls in the
southern countries have been the under dogs
in the fights for so long, that an American
audience would not care now if he stepped
rather carelessly on a few Latins just by way
of evening things up.
The toreador is a scornful child, clad in
gay, rich colors, (ha: the bull- dislikes. And
when a bull takes an antipathy he seems to
hold a strong mental grasp of the feeling. No
boy ever attempted to go through a field
owned by a cross bull without discovering
this peculiarity. Even the cow has her feel
ings, but they are usually under better con
trol, due, of course, to her feminine nature.
People who de*slre to fool with a bull are
free to do so, but the American idea is to
climb a tree under this stress of circum
stances and to stay there until the critter is
elsewhere. It is not handsome or dignified
but it is safer.
A police captain of Brooklyn has cleaned
out his precinct of toughs and hoodlums by
ordering his men to fan them with their
clubs. The precinct is given a wide berth
now. Once in a while the wrong man is
fanned but the police don't mind that.
A New Jersey "kid" having seen a para
chute jumper do his act, took his mother's
umbrella and descended from the top of the
house by the air line. The umbrella "turned
on him" and the doctors are doing the rest.
A bicycle repairer is charged with strewing
tacks and glass on the Fifth street path to
boom his business. Unfortunately the city's
tag does not guarantee any one against punct
ures on the paths.
Mlnnetonka people have been coming in
these hot mornings reporting, as usual, how
nice and cool it was out at the lake, some
even claiming to have seen thin ice formed
during the nights.
New York is seriously troubled by a horse
epidemic. The animal's storage battery gives
out half way between stations.
A Missouri farmer has given $30,000 to
Tarkio college. Now and then farming pays.
An active crusade against the wearing of
ladies' corsets is being carried on at Buda
pest. The Hungarian minister for public in
struction has issued an energetic order
against their use, forbidding all girl pupils
atending the public and private day schools
in Hungary to wear them. Herr yon Wlas
slcs declares in his order that the corset pre
vents the full development of the bodily or
gans and stunts the growth. He desires a
uniform blouse to be adopted in its stead.
This order has been sympathetically received
In educational circles, but regret is expressed
that the female teachers have not been in
cluded in it, as it is thought their example
may be prejudicial to their pupils.
One by One the JLlst Grows.
Then there Is Hon. Tom Reed, who is be
lieved to have substantial objections to the
third-term notion. ,
Unless Arrested It Will Be the Bane of the Party as
Bourbonism 'Was the Bane of the Democracy.
There are signs In republicanism which
would give to a well organized democracy,
were there such a thing, hope. To a degreo
the conscience and to a degree the judgment
of sundry republicanism may be said to be
troubled by some of the consequences of pro
tection. When men in Australia, New Zea
land, China, India, Egypt, Russia, Germany,
France and England pay less for things sent
to them from the United States, and made
here, than men In thiß country pay for the
same things, men here are beginning to de
clare that they pay too much. For answer
they are told that if..thos* here are not con
tent with paying more for what-la made near
to them and among them, than those afar
off, to "whom it is sent at grpat expense,
then wages here must come do^n, and the
devil will be to pay.
This is wanting in clearness. Home buy
ers suppose that they are paying the cost
and a fair profit on home products. They
do not suppose, and it is hard to make them
believe, that they are also, paying the wages
of the employes of manufacturers. Manufac
turers were supposed to pay them themselves.
Employes have supposed that manufacturers
pay their wages, which were fairly earned
by fair work. They do not suppose that they
owe their wages to something other than
their labor, to the toil or bounty or ransom,
for instance, exacted from consumers in the
form of exorbitant prices put upon articles
in the home market.
The threat to reduce wages, If the tariff
is interfered with, is not wisely made to a
nation that resents threats. Manufacturers
would do better to reduce prices than to
threaten to reduce wages. To be sure, the
reduction of prices may involve reduction of
profits, but even if profits were reduced, the
whole people would get the benefit of low
ered charges, and prosperity would increase
among the whole people instead of merely
among a portion of the people, whether large
or small. Then, again, the profits might not
be reduced at all. Lowered prices might
bring about larger sales, and the reduced
charge on the articles might be more than
made up by the increased demand for them.
Moreover, there might be a shift in prices
instead of a cut. Just now the highest prices
are shifted over the heads of Americans, and
the lowest are shifted over the heads of
foreigners. Suppose the shifts were reversed.
Nor is the case met when it is stated that
if Americans cannot undersell foreigners
abroad, they will lose markets abroad. It
Americans can undersell foreigners abroad,
they can also undersell at home every for
eign manufacturer that tried to compete with
them here. If foreigners reap the cheapness
TUNES PLAYED ON BOULDERS
Upper Bucks county has long been noted
for its many natural curiosities. Within a
radius of a few miles Is to be found the Dur
ham cave, as yet unexplored to its full ex
tent; the Palisades of Pennsylvania along the
Delaware, the "Scheppen Dall," the Iron
mines of Durham, the ore of which is the
richest in the United States; the Ringing
Rocks of Nockamixon, and the Ringing Rocks
of Stony Garden, the two largest fields in
Pennsylvania, the area covered being not
larger, but the ringing sounds mudh better.
There are three fields of these rocks at
Stony Garden, situated at the foot of Haycock
mountain, in Haycock township, 620 feet
above sea level. The largest of these fields
covers an area of a quarter of a mile long
and an average width of 200 feet, the other
two covering about an acre and a quarter
each. The Garden is considered by geolpgists
to be the root of an extinct volcano, which,
while in a state of ebullition some 400,000
years ago (geological reckoning), upturned
these stones of- fflWspar formation and left
them heaped up .inf weird, fantastic forms,
making a most desolate-looking spot on the
mountain side, tot,' although surrounded'by
heavy timber and growing verdure, not a
tree or shrub can be found within the Garden,
and no soil can bo seen between the crevices
of the rocks.
These rock* ar« supposed to have their
bed 1,600 feet underneath on the Archaean
or primitive rocks, and when struck with a
hammer their clear, bell-like tones can be
heard a mile distant.
The rocks as they He in the Garden are
said to have four distinct tones, running
The change in the temperature caused a
largely increased attendance at the Lyceum
last evening to see the vaudeville ?how. The
program is making the biggest kind of a
hit and if the weather should continue cool
the theater would unquestionably be packed
for the last three performances, to-night and
to-morrow afternoon and evening.
It would have been difficult to have made
a better selection for an opening play for
the Pike Theater company's season than
"Trilby." Not only has it been played but
seldom in this city, but it is rich in oppor
tunities for those playing in it. "Trilby" is
a sterling good play, with the atmosphere of
the Bohemian life of Paris about it, and
with a vein of mystery running through it
that heightens the love interest to a most
absorbing degree. The Pike company's pro
duction will be on a most elaborate scale and
the fact that great interest is being taken 'n
it was demonstrated by the first day's ad
vance sale yesterday.
COLONY OF SONG BIRDS
In a roomy apartment on the roof of his
home, 1130 Light street, Joseph B. Harig
has an interesting collection of about 150
foreign song birds, all apparently as happy
and contented as in their native woods. Ear
ly in the morning their singing fills the
neighborhood with melody.
Many of the species, especially the finches
and linnets, interbreed, and new colors and
subspecies are constantly being produced.
The most valuable songsters are the "mules,"
produced by interbreeding of the canaries and
finches. Several of these bird "mules" are
in the collection.
The different species included are Euro
pean gold finches, gray, blue and green
linnets, chaffinches, siskins, bullfinches, Vir
ginia red birds, nonpareils, Japanese robins,
Brazilian cardinals, Australian shell para
quets, Brazilian paraquets, white Java spar
rows, gray Java sp*arrows, Norwich canaries,
Cinnamon canaries, St. Andreasburg rollers,
African finches, blue buntings and strawberry
finches. Mr. Harig visits the aviary. each
day and the birds swarm about him, perch
ing upon any available part of his body and
eating from his lips or hands. He frequent
ly opens the doors, but the birds never go
MIRRORS FRIGHTEN BIRDS
"I learned a trick while in the Philippines
In the matter of keeping birds out of fruit
trees," volunteered a well-known official of
the postoffice department to a Star reporter,
"which may be of value to many just now,
when so many cherries are being destroyed
by birds. It is simple, inexpensive and, as
far as I could observe, practical. It consists
in hanging a small mirror on the top limbs
of the tree. There should be at least six
inches of string to the mirror, so that it can
swing about as it is blown by the wind.
The flash of the mirror, it appears, scares
the birds away. One or two five-cent mir
rors hung on a tree is sufficient, though, of
course, three or four would be that much
better. I was told that this method had
worked in the Philippines successfully for
many years, and that the birds do not grow
familiar with it, as they do with a scare-
crow. Since my return here I find that the
mirror scare is not unknown here, and that
it has been in use by Michigan fruit-growers
for many years. I have tried it myself in a
small way and it is amusing what a stir it
creates among the birds."
Walkover for Chauneey.
Baltimore American. ,
The contest for the original third-term man
man has narrowed down to Senator Depew.
Iwbteli competition assures, Americans can
not, in morals or in logic, be deprived of
the benefits of a fair system which, on its
American side, means monopoly and the
highest prices, and which, on its foreign,
side, means competition and the lowest
prices, gives to Americans the rough end
of the matter. They are patient, because
prosperous, and because patient and pros
perous, they have been uncomplaining. But
they are thinking, and they are beginning
to complain. And neither wage-reducing
threats, nor adjurations to party harmony,
nor golden words about prosperity, nor as
surances of the danger of tariff legislation
will permanently quiet them.
The United States must either directly re
duce some duties from a prohibitive point,
or must Indirectly relieve the pressure by
reciprocity treaties which the senate has per
sistently neglected to consider at all. Those
treaties propose that certain products of for
eign countries shall be admitted Into the
United States at a lower rate of duty than
that provided in the Dingley law, in return
for the admission of products of the United
States into foreign countries at less than the
tariff rates of those countries.
The time has come when our people must
admit that protection as a principle has ac
complished its work, and that the modifica
tion of it mugt commence. Either the pend-
ing reciprocity treaties should be ratified or
there should be a. uniform cut in duties, di
rectly to secure a result which the adoption
of the treaties might in another way bring
about. Those who foresee this and who fore
say It will suffer no discredit in history either
as moralists or economists. Those who are
trying to siience them under pressure of
party exigency or profit exigency are Insen
sibly taking that attitude toward protection
which a purblind democracy took toward the
union, toward freedom, toward the war
amendments, toward specie payments, toward
the gold standard, toward the paramountcy
of national law and toward expansion.
Protection is a thing as to which a party
can become quite as Bourbonish as democra
cy did toward those other matters. And Bour
bonlsm, unless arrested, will be the bane of
republicanism Just as it was the bane of its
political adversary. Expansion as to terri
tory is an accomplished fact and a settled
issue. Expansion as to markets, as to the
markets of the whole world, is the coming
Issue In politics, and If the democracy, drop
ping its infernal nonsense on lapsed ques
tions, can realign around living issues and
command the affirmative of the expansion
issue, as to the markets of the world, their
opponents will have no one to blame but
from the middle D on the piano, but can be
easily tuned to form a gamut. It remained,
however, for the late William J. Buck, his
torian of Bucks and Montgomery counties,
to conceive the idea of their possibilities as
producers of melody, and for Dr. J. J. Ott, of
Pleasant Valley, to carry out the Idea. Sev
eral years ago Dr. Ott selected a number of
rocks from the Garden, weighing about 200
pounds each, and carefully tuned them until
he had a full octave upon which to draw
musical sounds. At a meeting of the Buck
wampun Historical and Literary society, held
at the Garden, he gave selections on the
rocks, accompanied by a full brass band,
among which was a composition of his own,
entitled, "Sounds from the Ringing Rocks,''
and the clear, bell-like tones could be dis
tinctly heard ringing out high above the
notes of the horns.
The Ringing Rooks of Nockamixon are
situated about a mile and a half from Bridge
ton, opposite Milfortf, N. J., and, while the
field 16 not so large as at Stony Garden and
the rocks not #f such clear tones, they are
more picturesquely located.
In hi» climb to reach the ringing rocks
the visitor is greeted by many cheering in
scriptions along the way, such as "la this
the way to heaven Or ?" and as he
scrambles along in the hot sun he feels as
if it was "or," and he is reminded of the
legend that this desert spot was made by his
satanic majesty himself. The story goe« that,
in stalking about the earth before departing
for the inferno through the Devils Hole-
Durham Cave—the devil, In stepping across
the Delaware, broke his apron string and
sat down here to repair it, forever blighting
the spot for-any utility to man.
OTHER PEOPLE'S NOTIONS
"The Case of H. Clay Evans."
To the Editor of The Journal:
I was gratified to read, a few days ago,
your editorial on "The Case of H. Clay Ev
ans." It was well put, and I wish that more
of our leading republican journals would take
the same position, and as vigorously, as
I have served under six commissioners of
pensions, and during my entire term of serv
ice in the pension office, H. Clay Evans is
the only commissioner who has served
through a full term without a congressional
investigation. In this statement I want it
distinctly understood that I owe nothing to
H. Clay Evans. He turned me down for dep
uty commissioner at. the beginning of his ad
ministration, but I know him to be a fearless,
capable, efficient public official.
Your statement of the Tanner matter was
none too strong. I was in the pension office
undfr Tanner. His ambition was to issue
1,000 pension certificates a day without much
regard to the justice of the claim. His ad
ministration has made the way thorny for
each commissioner since, because so much of
the loose work done during the short time
he was in offlc,e has had to be reviewed and
done over since. It is a fact that during his
administration of the pension office cliques
were running that office, and men in the
pension office in cliques were reratlng them
selves as pensioners. And as a result of all
this, President Harrison was obliged to ask
for and insist upon his resignation. Other
wise one of the worst scandals that ever dis
graced an office in Washington would have
attached to the republican party.
When H. Clay Evans took charge of the
pension office, four years ago, Tanner under
took to "run" it for him. But H. Clay Ev
ans is not the kind of official who allows his
office to be run by a man of Tanner's style.
Out of personal spite, Tanner was the means,
not long afterward, of having the G. A. R.,
at its national encampment at Cincinnati,'
pass a series of resolutions condemning the
commissioner for, among other things, not
adjudicating claims based upon rheumatism
incurred in the service, when any one who
has any working knowledge of the pension
office knows that there is no other one dis
ability, unless it be diarrhoea, on which there
are more adjudications of pension claims than
upon rheumatism. Ell Torrance of your city
tried to choke off these resolutions, but Tan
ner's tongue was too oily and they went
through, much to the discredit of the G. A. R.
It makes little difference what Corporal
Tanner and General Sickles say as to who
are at the bottom of the opposition to Ev
ans. It is the pension attorneys first and
foremost. Evans has been hunting them
down too closely to make it comfortable for
them. The soldiers get their ammunition
from the National Tribune, a paper started
and conducted by George E. Lemon till his
death, a man whose fees as pension attorney
amounted to about |1,000 a day, all of which
came out of the soldiers' pensions. Many
soldiers, even intelligent ones, are duped by
what this paper tells them of the present
commissioner of pensions.
„. „ , —E. W. Young.
St. Paul, June 27.
Would Prove Useful.
We trust that Mr. Bryan will succeed in
gathering all the political rummage into his
new party, and keeping it there.
Courting a Bid.
Ex-President Cleveland is giving out inter
views like a man who anticipates an invita
tion to step into the breach.
Not Yet Located.
Senator Allison says he is too old to be
president, but the man who thinks himself too
youag is yet to be found.
FKIDAY EVENING, JUNE 28, 1901.
By CHARLES LEE TAYLOR.
Copyright, 1901, hy A. S. Richardson,
"Aye! it is good—it is good!" said old
Kloofman, the burgher, when the Transvaal
declared war against the English. "The
English have ever made us trouble, and now
we shall- drive them beyond the borders and
never let oue of them set foot on our land
again. Gott! but I like this declaration of
"But the English are many, father, and
they know much of war," replied his daugh
"What of that!" he almost shouted as he
walked to and fro. "We are thousands and
ten of thousands, and we also know some
thing of war. Besides, we are at home, and
they must come from over the sea; they stand
up shoulder to shoulder to shoot, while we
take cover and make every bullet tell; they
will get lost on the veldt and among the
kopjes, while we know every rod of ground.
I aay we shall kill them off like flies and be
rid of them forever, and it is good—good—
Kloofman had passed his eightieth birthday,
and, though able to oversee things, there
was no more actual farm work for him on
the broad acres. Mary, his only child, and
motherless for several years, was now a girl
of 20. The farmhouse of stone sat in the
shadow of a rugged mountain, and the Kloof
man lands 6tretched across the veldt for two
Within two days after the declaration of
war burghers were passing the house on foot
and on horseback, as they made haste to re
port to the nearest town. There were boys
of 16 and men of 60, and when they halted
for water and to exchange words Kloofman
looked at the gray-haired men and exclaimed:
"Walt for me! I will get my rifle and horse
and go with you! Never shall It be said that
Jacob Kloofman tarried at home while there
was war in the land and a foe to threaten
"Nay, nay," replied youth and graybeard
together. "A man of 60 is not old in this
mountain air, but a man of 80 has seen his
best days and must sit by his fireside and
read of the victories we shall win."
"But I must help—l must help," stoutly
persisted the old patriot. "Shall it be said
that Kloofman did nothing for his country
while other men were marching and fighting
"You cannot ride or fight with us," they
gently answered, "but you can aid the caus?
in other ways. We shall need horses and
oxen and hay and grain, and we shall need
lint and bandages and nursing. Be ready to
give when we call, and you shall reap honors
Days later, when a battle had been won
and ther.e.was rejoicing from house to house
all over the land, old Jacob sat under the
apple tree shading his front door and wept.
"What is it, rather?" asked the daughter,
as she left her work to caress his snow-white
"Think of it, daughter," he continued as
fresh tears came. "Of all the houses for
miles around mine alone cannot send at least
one soldier to fight for our liberties. Some
send five, some three, some two. There is no
one here to go, and I am grieved and
"Be comforted," she whispered, with a
blush he could not see for his tears. "Karl
■Onderman has come here very often of late."
"Yes—Karl Onderman—an honest young
"He—he loves me, father."
"And I—l love him. But for the war he
would have asked you for my hand. I have
pledged my love, and he goes to war to rep
resent the housn of Kloofman."
"That is good—very good," murmured the
old man. "It is an honor to us, and yet he
is not of our blod. I cannot go and you can
not go, but I ask you to promise me this: If
ever the hated English come this way, as the
fighting goes on, they shall not step over our
Daily New York Letter
BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL.
No. 21 Park Row, Now York.
Cassatt'a R. R. Coup.
June 28.—A new tmter is to be established
in New York city and it will mark the great
est centralization ever attempted in this town.
Herald Scuare is soon to blossom forth as
the hub around which all the rtst of the
city will revolve. It will be the heart of th»
metropolis' activity and underneath the city's
surface at that point will be another city of
business and bustle and all under the control
of the Pennsylvania Railroad company. At
an early date ths New York Central road will
have to refrain from styling itself as the
only railroad running into New York city,
for the Pennsylvania wili not only be running
into the heart of the town, but will perform
the act from two different directions and wllJ
control the direct traffic from the west to New
England. Developments of the last few days
in this direction have been of the most start
ling sort and th? town is awak«- now to the
fact that the Cassatt people have outwitted
everybody here. Following on a long: formu
lated plan of action, the climax of which
was, however, most skilfully concealed, the
railroad magnates from the keystone state
have the necessary land and the necessary
money and are about to start actively on
the developments planned. Tunnels from
both sides will te constructed to run into
the city at Herald Square, the one from Long
Island City under the East river, and the
other from Hoboken under the North river.
They will meet In the vicinity of Broadway,
Sixth avenue and Thirty-fourth street and
under this section of the City for some acres
will be immense stations and freight yards
for the accommodation of the traffic that can
be passed under the North river and then on
under the East river, thence by connections
of the Long Island railroad to Boston with
out change of cars for passengers or delays
for freight. The plans of the road are the
greatest of their kind ever proposed and
even without the additional aid of the coming
North river bridge, which will also be a
Pennsylvania property when completed, will
give that railroad domination of all the
traffic of the metropolis.
The Real Estate Bon*fht Up.
Hardly had the financiers, real estate peo
ple and the general public had an opportunity
to digest the news of the East river tunne!
to Herald Square, for the benefit of the Long
Island road, a chattel of the Pennsylvania,
when the tales of real estate purchases in the
Herald Square vicinage became public prop
erty. Then came the information of the gen
eral stupendous scheme of the Pennsylvania
people and the aforesaid financiers, real estate
people and general public are suffering from
an acuto attack of indigestion. According to
the Pennsylvania idea a belt line will be
constructed about the eastern side of the
Brooklyn borough, connecting with the New
England and Northern roads by a series of
bridges to the Bronk. and by this line and
ferries from Bay bridge to the new Pennsyl
vania terminal at Greenville in New Jersey
immediate connection will be effected between
the Pennsylvania line and Boston without
waiting for tunnels or bridges. Those affairs
will later on merely amplify and enlargs on
the service, although the connections first
named wi'.l probably handle a greater part of
the freight business even them. Then, too,
the summer resorts of Long Island are to ba
aided and built up not only by advantageous
train service through the East river tunnel,
Pennsylvania's! Fame Abroad.
New York Journal.
In selecting a presidential candidate, Penn
sylvania 13 ruled out by the fact that its
votes are certain in any case, and also by
the nauseous reputation of Its republican
politicians, which would make a Pennsylva
nian name on the national ticket equivalent
to the selection of the Princess de Chimay as
a patroness of a debutantes' cotillion.
Mar Riae to an Inquiry.
Senator Beveridge cannot understand why
Senator Fairbanks should be a more promi
nent candidate for president than the Junior
senator from Indiana.
A Utopian Dream.
The report that Pierpont Morgan has be
come the sole owner of a Georgia watermelon
is doubtless falsa
threshold. We have rifles and bullets. We
will barricade the house and fight them off.
Promise me that we shall.fight."
"But I am only a girl, father, and you are
an old man," she protested.
"But we must fight them—you—must prom
ise. We must do it because we have no kin
to send to war. If you will not promise,
"I will promise," she said as she went back
to her work. .
Weeks passed, and one day as father and
daughter stood in' the door listening to th€
distant rumble of cannon from the north, tn«
girl's keen eyes caught sight of red uniforms
end flashing arms on the narrow highway.
"Father, the English are coming!" sha
said, with a gasp.
"God! but Is it so!" he shouted. "How
many, girl—how many?"
"And^ they ride this way to capture, burn
and destroy! Daughter, do you remember
"I do, father."
"Then bar the door, shutter the wlndowi
and raise the flag of Kloofman to the roof!
War has come to us at last and I am glad.
We will show these Englishmen how old and
young—men and women—can fight and die toi
liberty. Ah! my old eyes can dimly see them
now, and I feel like shouting and laughing!"
It was a raiding party of five hundred Brit
ish cavalry, accompanied by half a battery.
They were seizing horses, oxen and car'u
for transportation, but neither burning nor
destroying. But for the sight of the flag of
defiance fluttering above the farmhouse, they
might have cleared the fields and shed's and
passed on. That flag meant that a score or
more of burghers had gathered and meant to
make a fight of it. A3 skirmishers press-d
forward two rifles were discharged and \
soldier threw up his arms and fell upon the
grass. A hundred men were dismounted and
advanced, and for a quarter of an hour they
fired briskly at doors and windows. At tn'
tervals a rifle cracked In response to the bark
of a carbine, and at each a soldier went down
to rise no more. A flag of truce was sent
forward with a demand for surrender, and it
was Kloofman who unbarred the door and
stood bareheaded in the open and called out:
"Go back and say that we shall fight to
the death. Jacob Kloofman had no son to
send to the front and he was too old to go
himself, but when war comes to his own door
he will show you English how a burgher can
die for liberty and his home!"
"The fools!" muttered the colonel as he
received the message. "It Is a stone house
and there may be twenty men inside of it
with rifles, but a few shells from the guns
will make ruins of the place. My compli
ments to Captain Davis, and tell him to
open flre at once."
Five minutes later the three rifled guns
were hurling shell at the old farmhouse The
missiles tore their way through the roof ahd
entered by door and windows. The soldiers
cheered and looked for spedy surrender. There
was no longer any rifle-firing, but the flag
did not come down. When the guns had flred
three or four rounds apiece, a white flag was
sent forward again. No one appeared in de
fiance this time. The man who bore it walked
straight to the house and peered in through
the terrible gaps left by the shells. Then he
slowly returned and reported to the colonel:
"No one to answer, sir. I think they mint
all be dead."
The dismounted men moved up, led by tn»
colonel. No hostile bullet greeted them. In
a circle and with carbines ready, they closed
in on the battered house. At length tho
colonel and one of his aides entered with
their hats In the hands, and the colonels
voice had a catch in It as he said:
"Men, uncover! The defenders of this housa
were an old man and a young girl, father
and daughter, and they were torn to death by
the shells! Let them be buried with our own
dead, and with all the honors, God rest theii
but by the liberal application of capital am
well, for the party in control of the Pennsyl
vania line is not suffering from lack of caslx
and is more than wUling to lay it out itt
ipve^ments promising as much as will Long
Iswj-.nd realty in view of the plans formulate-1
by the railroads. As an indication of this
the men in the know have alrtady bought
up all of the purchasable property in tha
Herald Square section and are holding -It for
fancy prices when their plans have been put
into effect. As for the road itself, it was
only a little over a year ago that the Pennsyl
vania legislature increased its capital sock
to $100,000,000 and all of the new stock was
sold to the old stockholders for the purpose
of securing cash for the Long Island road
purchase, the establishment of the Greenville
terminal, the purchase of Long Island real
estate, the Pennsylvania Steel company and
the organization of the East River Tunnel
Easy for the "Cop."
Members of New York's "finest" are about
to receive the leisure afforded by the three
platoon system, for the adoption of which
they have been fighting for several years.
Under the new scheme the force will be regu
larly divided into three parts and each set
will be worked for eight hours at a time and
will then be given eight hours of reserve
duty. That will require the men to sleep or
rest at the station houses during that period,
after which they will go on patrol duty foi
another eight hours and will then take eithe?
one or two days off, as will yet be decided
upon. The men are naturally jubilant over
their prospects as every man will have a good
deal of leisure time guaranteed him. Inci
dentally it is a good Tammany move for the
From TO to 90 per cent of the horses !n N«w
York are suffering from the grip. Veterinar
ians are puzzled and horse owners are vexed,
while business is not a little inconvenienced
thereby. A little over a week ago the trouble
first became apparent, first afflicting the high
bred roadsters and coach horses, and then
moving on the dray horses and other animals
of more humble station. Among the heavy
draught horses the trouble is most pre
valent, the symptoms being fever, cough, loss
of appetite and a general weakness, which in
many cases amounts almost to a collapse in
harness. The veterinarians, while not sura
of the exact nature of the disease, do agree
that the unusual weather conditions of the
past two months, with the great amount of
rain, have been responsible for the trouble.
Free Public Baths.
Ten of the free public baths provided by the
city have been opened and five more will be
turned over to the people within another
■jreek. These free baths are great institutions
in their way and evidently fill a "long felt
want" as for several weeks before the grand
opening there were many inquiries at the
bath houses by persons who had evidently
been strangers to aqua pura since tho baths
closed last fall. During the last season over
six million persons took advantage of the
baths and It la expected that this year the
figures will be enlarged upon, especially if
tho summer is a warm one. The batha ar-?
scattered all along the waterfront, from the
Battery to Harlem, on both the North and
East rivers. They are open from 5 o'clock in
the morning until 9 o'clock in the evening.
— K. N. A.
Always at the Wire.
In all his Journeying Senator Beverldg*
never gets far from a telegraph office.
HEART AND MIND
If all the dead whom I have known ally*
Could rise unsheeted from their every gray*
What is the question I would first contrive
And which the friend whose answer I would
Not to the great philosopher or sage
My unreluctant tongue should be ■untied.
Though in that hour I might believe an as*
Of longing -wonder could be satisfied;
Not to the teacher of the ways divine,
Nor preacher of the faith he'd held «
These well might follow in an ordered Una
As one by one the mind should give then
But, searching for one face, the heart wouU
"Dost thou remember me, my all in all?"
—John George Romanes.
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