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Some Lame Excuses
The Pioneer Press thinks it does not
follow that because Minneapolis furnishes
the Omaha road. 143 per cent more busi
ness in the way of freight shipments and
63 per cent more in the way of receipts
than St. Paul, that the oflftces of the
Omaha road should foe moved to this city.
Of course, the Omaha might maintain
Its general offices at Shakopee or Hamil
ton, if it saw fit, but, naturally, one would
expect the headquarters to he located
■where the most business is done, and
since, during the past ten years, the
Omaha has increased its business in Min
neapolis 50 per cent, and decreased it in
St. Paul 33 per cent, the propriety of
having the constitution follow the flag, so
to speak, does not seem to require much
The Pioneer also falls back upon' the
fact that St. Paul has been the headquar
ters of the company from the beginning,
and that that is a reason why It should
continue to be, and, also, cites the invest
ment of money in an office building in St.
Paul as a reason for maintaining the gen
eral offices of the road there. The pre
sumption is, however, that the property
in St. Paul could t>e rented for other pur
poses, and the fact is that it is becoming
Inadequate to meet the demands of the
company, which will require a new quar
ters building in all probability in the
But the interesting point is that the
Pioneer has abandoned all thought of
claiming the headquarters and special
consideration for St. Paul by the Omaha
road on the ground of business done. It
relies now upon the reluctance with which
employes of the company would break up
home associations and social ties in St
Paul if they were required to move to
Minneapolis. As a reason for adhering to
ft particular business policy on the part of
A railroad this is something new. The
time when railroads began to regard the
preference of their employes as to place
oi residence when these preferences con
flict with the business interests of the
road, if it has come at all has stolen in
unawares. The railroad employe is a good
deal like the soldier—he goes wherever
he is told to, and lives wherever his detail
to service requires.
This seems to be the best the Pioneer
can do, however, in resisting the logic of
events, the demands of business, the de
velopment of trade and the best interests
of the railroad company.
The Lobillard Way
Pierre Lorillard, the wealthy tobacco
manufacturer, who died two weeks ago
leaving a fortune of only $4,000,000, though
it was estimated to be worth 125,000,000,
applied throughout his life an economic
system to which some other rich people
often appeal in particular instances of
extravagance. Mr. Lorillard's idea of
the duty of the rich was tbjit they should
spend as lavishly as possible, thereby
"putting money into circulation" as the
common phrase has it. He held that if a
rich man spent every cent of his income
in princely style, dispensing dollars and
eagles and double-eagles right and left
on the road through life he would help
himself as well as the public to realize
the greatest satisfaction from his for
His idea of an adequate income was that
It should be a thousand dollars a day and
expenses; a mere hundred thousand a
year, he said, was barely enough to enable
a man to understand how much he could
«njoy life if he had more. He was a
rich man who found no fault with him
self because he was rich, but frankly
expressed his enjoyment of his es
tate in life. He regularly spent
an income which must have ap
proximated if it did not exceed a
thousand dollars a day and at times en
croached on the capital—as the compara
tively small estate shows. Withal he was
a great man and accomplished some note
worthy feats, chief among which was that
of introducing the fashion among the very
rich of serving champagne from a large
pitcher holding several quarts.
White Mr. Lorillard may have applied
hie economic system' more intelligently
and systematically than others. It is one
held in high repute by many people, es
pecially the tradesmen who cater to high
livers. The notorious, riotously extrava
gant Bradley-Martin ball, given in a
time of great suffering among the poor,
jras warmly defended. It will be remem
bered, on the ground that it poured out
a golden stream for dresses and jewels,
decorations and flowers, music and show;
and that hundreds, perhaps thousands, of
poor people were benefited by this full
flooded river of wealth in a time of
The theory Is one easy to combat and
has as much standing in economics as the
common notion that skeletons of extinct
animals may be reproduced from a single
bone has in palaeontology. Practically
It is not reasonable because modern for
tunes are not hoards kept in closely
guarded vaults; they are, instead, in the
numerous channels of business. If they
are drawn upon for extravagant expend
itures the amount of capital engaged
in producing wealth is decreased, and the
community is that much poorer. Morally
extravagance, merely for extravagance's
sake, is not to be justified. The starving
man is not altogether wrong when he
protests that his fortunate brother has
no right to waste his wealth while the
other dies. Moreover extravagance cre
ates an undesirable class whose special
business it is to humor and live upon the
extravagant. Finally, as Ruskin points
out, it is wrong to create a demand which
makes thousands toil in producing friv
olous and ephemeral things, good only
to make a show, when there is so much
useful work to be done and Is yet left
Hinsey, the imperial prince of the en
dowment rank of the Knights of Pythias,
says that Supreme Chancellor Fethers has
been trying to drive him out of the order
for some time. It would seem to be a
pity that he didn't succeed a long time
The Pioneer Press says: "The Minne
apolis Journal takes a great deal of un
necessary trouble to show that the rail
roads carry a good deal more freight ton
nage to and from Minneapolis than to and
from St. Paul." No trouble at all, es
teemed contemporary. On the contrary,
it is rather a pleasure to place the public
in possession of information which it
should know. In fact, that is one of the
things for which The Journal ex
ists, and, furthermore, we are not quite
through with this agreeable task.
The Missionaries in Their Own
The China Missionary Alliance, which
comprises fully nine-tenths of the whole
body of Protestant missionaries in* China,
has issued a statement to the press de
fending the missionaries against the ad
verse criticism which has been showered
upon them on account of the recent
tumults in China. The two main classes
of this criticism have been, first, that the
missionaries are chiefly responsible for
the recent uprising; and, second, that
they have manifested an un-Christian
spirit in suggesting the punishment of
those who were guilty of the massacre
of foreigners and native Christians.
The statement makes out a very good
case on both points. It shows that the
causes of the insurrection were manifold
and deep-rooted and that its purpose was
anti-foreign rather than anti-Christian.
It is explained that while the attempt to
introduce a foreign religion into China
necessarily arouses opposition and re
sentment, the extent of these has "been
overestimated. At the same time the
missionaries have ever striven to be tact
ful and respectful of Chinese etiquette
and customs. Moreover, the various in
stitutions conducted by the missionaries
have had a conciliatory effect that more
than offset the opposition caused by the
nature of their undertaking.
We have never believed that the mis
sionaries were barbarously thirsting for
revenge, as has been often asserted, and
their statement on this point is ample.
They show that the action of the public
meeting held in Shanghai last Septem
ber has been strangely misconstrued.
( The meeting asked merely that justice
! be dealt out to the guilty, to the end that
order might be restored and maintained
in China, and not that personal revenge
j might be taken.
The North China Daily News, the lead
ing paper in China, which well under
stands Chinese character and actions, sus
tains the position taken by the mission
aries, pronounces the defense adequate
and declares that there is no general dis
like of missionaries among the people of
China. The News states that in its in
ception the Boxer uprising was not anti-
Christian but anti-Manchu and was
turned against the Christians by Yu
Hsien, then governor of Shantung; the
diversion not being difficult because the
masses of the Boxers were in the field
for plunder more than for anything else.
Herbert L. Bridgeman of Buffalo, com
mander of the Peary relief ship Erik,
which sailed yesterday from Sidney, C. 8.,
said, before starting, that he was confi
dent that Lieutenant Peary has already
reached the North Pole. Whether Mr.
Bridgeman's confidence i 3 warranted will
not be known before October at the ear
liest, but if Peary really has reached the
goal of so many generations of effort
after his own many unsuccessful attempts,
he will have attained a fame that will
amply reward him tor all his efforts.
France's Fete Day
The French people, from President Lou
bet down to- the street urchin and rag
picker, very enthusiastically and variously
celebrated yesterday the anniversary of
the storming of the Bastile in 1789. There
were outcroppings of red-handed commun
ism, militant socialism, and a Deroulede
demonstration, all of which were held in
check by the police for the sake of ap
pearances. On such occasions all the ene
mies of the French republic endeavor to
celebrate the affair of the Bastile each
after his own ideas of the meaning of the
day, which originally ushered in a period
of bloodthirsty frenzy on the part of a
nation who had for years been the harried
victims of a remorseless monarchical tyr
anny and for that tyranny substituted a
far worse tyranny and wassail of blood.
After two unsuccessful attempts to es
tablish a republic, the French have suc
ceeded at last in maintaining a strongly
centralized government of that name,
through much storm and stress, for forty
years, regarding the proclamation of
Bept. 4, 1870, as the commencement of the
system. To an outsider the history of the
third republic suggests much instability,
for there have been thirty-two ministries
since the proclamation, equivalent to so
many administrations of the government,
for the president is irresponsible beyond
the nominating of the ministries, who are
directly responsible to the chamber of
THE MIOTSTEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
deputies for carrying out the will of the
It is no little proof of the progress of
the French people that the republic exists
to-day in spite of the hostility of its In
ternal enemies, the monarchists, imperial
ists, radical republicans and socialists.
There has been a deal of extravagance and
misgovernment and brazen treachery of the
republic's enemies, secular and religious,
but the republic still stands and the people
must have a large degree of prosperity to
endure the strain of heavy taxation which
they have to pay for the privilege of bear
ing the name "republic." The budget for
the year ending March 31, 1901, showed
total expenditures of 3,554,000,000 francs,
or about $690,000,000, or $18 per capita, as
compared with our per capita of less than
$6 for all purposes.
France's population, moreover. Is not in
creasing much. It is practically station
ary. Since 1850 her population has in
creased from 35,000,000 to 38,600,000, while
Germany's population has increased in the
same time 60 per cent. France's 10 per
cent increase has been chiefly ffrom the in
flux of foreigners, bo that the outlook is
improving in that particular. To meet
the enormous budgets, largely for military
and naval purposes, there must be money
in the hands of the people, and they have
shown their ability to meet whatever pub
lic charges are laid upon them and make
no complaint of expenditures for war pur
poses. That the French have much capital
to invest is evident from the fact that
they hold not less than $900,000,000 of the
Russian national debt and have invested
largely in Russian joint stock companies.
A country which accumulates money as
the French do, under their very eevsre
taxing ystem, must be in a rather substan
tial financial condition. France is, indeed,
a phenomenon among European nations.
Through navigation from great lake
ports to trans-Atlantic points gives
promise of being successful. The Chicago
company which has led the way seems to
be meeting with a fair degree of success,
and its fleet of four boats is now making
regular trips. It will Interest Scandina
vian residents of the northwest to know
that Danish capitalists propose to estab
lish another line between Copenhagen and
Chicago. It will not be long before Du
luth will have direct steamship connec
tion with Europe. The development of
this water route should ultimately be of
great assistance to the interior of the
country in providing cheap transport for
European imports as well as for our ex
ports to Europe.
The heirs of the late Jacob S. Rogers,
the millionaire locomotive builder, who
left almost all of his immense fortune to
the Metropolitan Museum of Art of New
York city, hope to break the will partly
because by a slip of the pen the million
aire repeated the word "thousand" so
that one paragraph of the will provides
that "seventy-five thousand thousand"
shall be given to a certain nephew. As
the error is obvious, since that many
thousand would be $75,000,000, or about
ten times the whole estate, it is not pos
sible that the courts will gratify the hope
of the heirs.
The Element of Opportunity
A New York correspondent who was
moved to reflection by the spectacle of
thirty millionaires, more or less, return
ing from England on the same steamer,
found that about the only characteristic
they have in common is their tactiturnity.
Men of the most different habits, man
ners and methods have been equally suc
cessful in amassing wealth. Russell Sage
would be sure that no young man as
careless in little money matters as Car
negie is could ever attain wealth, but
there he is, and is far richer than the
careful, calculating, penny-rubbing Sage.
The correspondent concludes that a
combination of opportunity and ability to
see and utilize the opportunity are the es
sential factors in the accumulation of
wealth. Opportunities which open up the
road to great riches do not always come
to even those who are prepared to take
advantage of them. This view of the in
teresting subject leaves room for the
operations of chance. A New York bank
er asserts that he has known many men
who had all the qualities, mental, moral
and physical, supposed to be essential to
great material success, who nevertheless
failed of the goal because they did not
chance to meet the opportunity they were
ever looking for.
While most successful men are inclined
to credit their achievements wholly to in
dustry, frugality and determination.
leaving out chance or luck altogether,
there can be no doubt that some men are
more favored in opportunities than
others. At any rate, there is some con
solation in this view for the earnest man
who has not made what the world calls
a success. It should lead him to take life
more contentedly, and be satisfied to ac
cept the issue, after having done his best.
A revival of "Uncle Tom's Cabin" is
having a successful run in Paris. It's all
up with the French. This is the last
damning proof of their decadence.
_, a , If there 1b anything that
IHe Jtuto S ia funny to the party not
Victims concerned in it, it is a
new bicycle rider bearing
down on a telegraph pole when he doesn't
want to go that way. But if this is not
amusing, a tenderfoot trying to control the
steering gear of a bucking broncho is pretty
certain to give a strong subjective joy to a
man up a tree.
A new form of pleasure it now working
its way to the front in the observation of
some other person's automobile, control of
which has been lost by the millionaire who
holds the Thing's rudder. When the auto
feels something give 'way inside, when some
thing slips off, or the steering gear falls to
connect, then come the time* of trial for
our retired men of wealth.
An automobile containing two heavy Chi
cago boys who had made their money In
pork or something of that character, and
who lived in gloomy brown-stone jails on
Michigan avenue, bucked on them last week,
and the Chicago papers give long accounts
of their states of mind. The auto chased
Itself in several directions and then started
directly into a drug store. Both men jumped
out. The vehicle went On a few feet, then
changed Its mind and ran back. The mil
lionaires were scrambling to their feet when
it struck them. After it had lain down on
them it stopped and they were prisoners
until a policeman came along and pulled
them out. Their wounds were dressed in a
neighboring hospital. One of the milionelres
then announced that he had had enough. The
other wants more and is having the ma
chine operated on.
The good old-fashioned sport of walking
commends itself to our waiting thought.
Rose Davidson, who represent Hawaii at
Buffalo, says that there Are lots of Ha
waiian heiresses who would marry American
men if the right kind would show up there.
The girls are a trifle brown but very hand
tome when they are young. Our old friend
Genius of Stephen Foster
John Habberton in Literary Era.
The songs most sung throughout our land
to-day, and the only American songs known
in all other civilized lands, are those of Ste
phen C. Foster, who
TUNEFUL LEGACY died almost forty
years ago. Foster left
LEFT more than 150 song 3,
of which the melodies
TO THE WORLD as well as the words
were his own. That
not all of them are remembered should not
surprise any one, for what lover of music
(cannot count on the fingers of one hand all
the really "popular" songs of some great
But to count all of Foster's songs that have
retained their place in the affections of two
generations, and bid fair to live forever, one
must use all his fingers and thumbs and
borrow some extra digits from his friend 3.
Exclude, if you will, Foster's songs in lighter
vein, such as "Oh, Susanna," which took the
world by storm, and to the music of which
scores of other songs have been "set," and
his wartime songs, like "We Are Coming,
Father Abraham," which hundreds of thou
sand^ of ex-soldiers still sing, roar or croak,
there still remain many others of his com
positions which the traveling American may
hear in every civilized part of the world.
Foster's "Old Folks at Home' is the most
popular song in existence. It has been trans
lated into all the languages of Europe and
also into some of Asia
and the isles of the MOST POPULAR
sea. The lines are po
etic only In the sense SONG
of suggestion; they are
so simple and artless IN EXISTENCE
that It would seem
any school child could pen them and improve
upon them, but they express the sentiment
of every homesick man or woman that ever
lived. Compared with "The Old Folks at
Home," Kipling's "Mandalay," which has
been said by some high authorities to be the
acme of homesick expression, Is a disgusting
emulsion of beer and sensuality.
There is an oft-told story of a regiment of
troops, with pay overdue four months, that
waa overtaken by the paymaster Just as it
reached a camp near a great city, in which
everything was "wide open." Many of the
men, with their pockets full of money,
"broke guard" and returned to camp in a
condition prejudicial to good order and mili
tary discipline. The guard themselves be
came untrustworthy, good men though they
had been on the march and in battle; the
sober men of the regiment strove unsuccess
fully to restrain the uncontrollable, the
colonel gravitated between slaughter and sui
cide, when suddenly the leader of the band
asked permission to try his hand on the dis
turbing element. Grouping his musicians in
the center of the, camp he started "The Old
Folks at Home," and played unceasingly for
half an hour, when the officer of the guard
reported that the camp was entirely quiet,
Grover Cleveland waa said to have been
slightly touched that way once.
Thes« are gorgeous picnic days in the shady
dell save where the hornet lifts father into
the air and the mosquito drinks deep drafts
from the crimson tide of little Mabel's young
Mr. Carnegie says he Is too busy to run
for mayor of New York. It is plain that the
great founder's retirement from business
did not wholly take him out of the game.
A burglar at Ben ton, Wis., carried his
nitroglycerln in his hip pocket. It ruined
his trousers and the authorities buried what
ever pieces of burglar could be found.
The Atlanta Journal suggests a searching
party to hunt 'for one T. Roosevelt. Mr.
Roosevelt may Charlieross for a year or two,
but he will be easily found in 1904.
The Indianapolis grand Jury actually cen
sured the men who hare been sending sane
people to the insane asylum for the sake of
fees. Goodness, wasn't that harsh!
It took nine years of strong diplomatic
work to pry that $95,000 from Turkey. It
cost nearly that in stamps and used up near
ly the whole stock of ultimatum paper.
Memphis wants Mr. Carnegie to "build a
monument to his name" in the shape of a
university to be located at Memphis. Good
Idea —for Memphis.
1 The ' action of the Ohio convention reminds
| one of the Chinaman who, when he is hav
ing bad luck, bats his Joss with a club. •
After being located for a few. weeks about
two feet from the j future | life, Missouri j and
Kansas have not cooled oft a bit.
PRACTICAL WIRELESS TELEGRA
PHY : . . •..,
; . -. •... London Outlook. • . .;:'•■'.,.
: Wonderful and yet more wonderful is, the
progress made with wireless telegraphy, but
wonderful only for a day. The. day after
sees it become commercial at the rate of six
pence halfpenny per . word. That . was the !
charge on .; board the Cunard earner Lu
cania, which has been fitted with the | Mar
conl apparatus, and gave it a practical and
successful trial last Sunday. ' Par out on the
open sea, cut off from all visible connection
with land, those on board were able to trans
mit messages to 'lightships,, passing ; vessels
and to the shore by the mysterious electric
waves, ', and \ receive answers by the same
means. Electricity, in : fact, is transforming
the whole - conditions of human existence. -. ]'
At a table of German aud English students
recently one pleasant little German was keen
on showing his knowledge of English. Every
sentence of his was bound to contain hayve
and alretty; a bit of slang was to him as
ponderous as the voice of an oracle, and
the English tii was simply impossible. H*
commented brokenly on the bewket on the
table, and the gaynose In M.'s buttonhole.
But the climax was reached in answer to a
question put in good German:
"Are you going to the lecture to-night,
"Ach, no!" with a wave of his hand; "der
ghost is retty, but der meat is feeble."
Then the quiet man straightened out our
wrinkled brows by suggesting that possibly
he meant, "The spirit is willing, but the flesh
American Money In England.
Another sign of the American conquest. A
fruiterer in the West End is marking his
goods in United States coinage—strawberries,
for instance, at 16 cents a basket. This is a
trifle superfluous, for most Americana who
come over here know perfectly well the value
of English money, and of English goods too.
Yet, after all, the fruiterer Is perhaps only
foreshadowing the inevitable. We are having
a new coinage, and we might as well accept
the situation—call our sovereigns $5 pieces,
our shillings "quarters," our sixpences
"dimes" and our halfpennies "cents."
LOTe'l Endearing Phraae,
Atlanta Constitution. -
We once heard a Billville matron calling
to her husband, who was digging bait in the
garden, "Honey, ef you don't drap that hoe
an' fetch me in a cord o' wood I'll break this
washpot over yer head, honey!"
EVER MEET HEH!
Her husband is all right—but he is so fat!
Her little boy is all right—but he Is grow
ing so spindling!
Her home is all right—but the paint is too
Did she like the last lecture at the club?
Liked what he said very much—but his hair
was cut so short—like a prize fighter!
Her new tailor suit is all right—but Mrs.
Xyz has her coat a trifle, the merest shred
longer, and It's much better!
Her new hat is elegant—but If that ribbon
was s shade darker, now—!
The Balance Sheet.
:"^ With; the close"of business on Saturday the
United States} go ement ended I the • most
( successful financial year la its history.4 This
■Is I ample \ proof, to . those : eminent critics ; r of
the administration gate ; into the ; front
end of the ; field r glasses, that ;the"country is
going to the sternal fcow-wowa. '-: -"-. \
even the most uproarious drunkards having
wept themselves to sleep.
. Several songs that have long survived the
author, as well as the "peculiar institution"
that suggested them, were reflections of slave
life. Among them is
KNEW SONG "Old Black Joe." Of
this it may be said in
BY passing that when Wil
helmj, the virtuoso vio
lAS MELODY. linist, first reached the
United States he went at
once, with a great enthusiasm and a small
English vocabulary, to a music store and
demanded the score of something which he
called "Black Jack." The man at the counter
knew no musical piece with that name, and
not even Wilbelmj's card stimulated his
"Ach, hlmmel!" exclaimed the virtuoso.
"Gif me a violin."
The instrument was brought WilhelmJ
looked at it suspiciously and sniffed sarcastic
ally at each chord that responded to the tun
ing keys, but when the instrument had been
brought to its best the violinist forgot it and
himself as he drew the bow and brought forth
some recollections of the music of which he
was in search. They were not entirely ac
cording to score, but when he stopped and
"Know you not that divine air?" the answer
came chorally from twenty throats "Old
"Ach, bo! That will I play to the Ameri
cans. When they know It not, they are
Wilhelmj's "first night" went slowly,
though he played morceaus of the masters
with faultless technique. Not to capture a
first night audience is equivalent to a de
feat. Wllhelmj was mortified and angry, but
he gave the American barbarians one more
chance. He played "Old Black Joe," and his
fortune was made.
The secret of Foster's popularity Is in the
wedding of words and sentiment to music,
bo that the "blend" pleases and satisfies, and
the sentiment is re
called whenever the HIS SONGS HAVE
music is heard. Poetry
Is ' read but little In STOOD
comparison with senti
mental prose, as many TEST OP TIME,
publishers will testify
•adly, but songs that are praised as highly
as poems sell by tens of thousands.
Were this a review of Foster's works,
many additional titles of songs that have
stood the test of almost half n century of
use might be named. Among them are "My
Old Kentucky Home," "There's a Good Time
Coming," "Massa's in the Cold, Cold
Ground," "Nelly Bly," and "Gentle Annie,"
but enough has been said to show that the
best known and best loved song writer in
the world came not from any great musical
center of Europe, but from a town that in
Foster's day was "way out west" in the
United States, and that the author was an
unique combination of manly sentiment and
The Pikes in "Sowing the Wind."
The Pike Theater company -entered upon
the third Week of its stay at the Metropol
itan last evening. The play given was
Sydney Grundy's famous problem of the
sexes. "Sowing the Wind," and for the man
ner of its presentation there can be nothing
but praise. The Pike company has done
nothing in Minneapolis, either in this or
In previous seasons, that has created a more
profound impression than this much^dis
cussed English drama.
♦>,Ww?., Mr' Grundy flrst exploited "Sowing
the Wind" in London, Mrs. Grundy-the apo
cryphal personage of that name, and not the
author's wife—was greatly shocked. The
theme of the play was not new, quite the
contrary, but its treatment was so daring
so unconventional and so biting, withal that
not Mrs. Grundy alone, but a host of lesser
celebrities, including not a few of the Lon
don critics, the professional nil admirari of
the Eng!i«h capital, held up their hands in
amaaement. Since then, however, we have
had a surfeit of such plays as "Zaza "
and "Sapho," and "Sowing the Wind" has
become, if not caviare to the general at
least innocuous and unexciting by compari
son. All of which clarifies the situation in
that it permits a view of the Grundy work
unwarped by prejudice and devoid of artifi
"Sowing the Wind" Is a strong play
there are few stronger among current day
productions. It has an interest beyond the
passing hour, an interest that grows with
consideration. The question which it pre
sents is not to be brushed aside idly. Why
should the woman who has made one false
step suffer throughout her life while the
man goes free? Why should she be ostra
cised while society smiles upon him? Why
should their child be compelled to bear the
Ignominy of its mother? Every one knows
that such a condition is unjust, and every
one knows equally well that it exists. Why?
That is the query Mr. Grundy has pro
pounded, and he has left you to answer it as
you think best, and as you, in your liber
ality or your littleness, may elect.
As for the play as a play, the brilliancy
of its dialogue and the unusual strength of
its situations have been commented upon
too frequently to require further commenda
tion. "Sowing the Wind" has been pre
sented in Minneapolis on two previous oc
casions, once badly and once well hut
never better than it was last night. It
serves to introduce Miss Lavinla Shannon
the new leading lady of the Pike company'
and in a role which affords a hard test of
her capabilities. It is little wonder that
Miss Shannon, early in the evening, evinced
a slight nervousness which, however, wore
away as she became imbued with the' spirit
of her part. It serves also to present Byron
Douglas and Herschel Mayall in characters
entirely dissimilar from their accustomed
work, and in both cases with eminently sat
Place aux dames! To Miss Shannon must
be attributed much of the success of the
presentation. She depicted the character of
Rosamond with a warmth and vigor of un
derstanding that was truly delightful, and
»s she was made to feel more and more the
sympathy of her audience her work grew in
intensity and effectiveness. The personality
of Rosamond, moulded as it was in the cru
cible of social intolerance and bigotry, Is
most difficulty of adequate portrayal. How
ever, In Miss Shannon is found an able ex
Not leas commendable was the Lord Bra
bazon of Byron Douglas. In the famous "sex
against sex" scene of the third act, in which
he and Miss Shannon have the stage to
themselves, the approval of the audience, ex
pressed In storms of applause from every
part of the house, was a testimonial richly
merited by both. Four times the curtain
was rolled up and then came the stereotyped
demand for a "speech." After such a scene,
so excellently presented, even the curtain
call seemed incongruous. The cry of
"speech" was ridiculous.
Herschel Mayall as Ned Annesley, Rosa
mond's lover and Brabazon's adopted son,
played with excellent discretion a part that
would tempt less artistic actor to heroics.
John B. Maher gave a very humorous and
enjoyable characterization of Sir Richard
Cursitor. and Miss Emllle Melville's inter
pretation of the Hon. Mrs. Pretwell was
very well managed. The other roles were
In capable hands.
\ "Sowing the Wind" Is lavishly mounted
and effectively costumed. The patrons of the
Piks company owe a debt of gratitude to
Manager Hunt for providing them with so
adequate a production of so excellent a play,
by far the most pretentious and the best
thing the company has ever done In this city.
The engagement continues through the week
with the usual popular priced Wednesday
and Saturday matinees. —L.
Ibsen's Love of HU Fellow-Man.
Christiania Letter to Pall Mall Gazette.
Now and then Ibsen can go out In an open
carriage, but the frequent demonstrations of
respect tendered to him cause so much irrita
tion that he has sometimes turned back, re
fusing to go out again that day.
The Cannibal Flah.
Joe Jefferson in Ladles' Home Journal.
And that reminds me that Helen Keller once
asked me how I Justified my killing so many
fish. I explained to her that the flsh Is
naturally a cannibal and is constantly killing
other fish—hundreds of 'em—and so, by kill
ing one flsh, I save the lives of hundreds of
others. "I suppose it's for that humane rea
son, then, that you catch them," she re
plied. And Mr. Jefferson chuckled with en
joyment of Miss Keller'* explanation of his
1 benevolent defense for hi* favorite pastime.
MONDAY EVENING, JULY 15, 1901.
'^Btff hospitality/ H;|m ;
Copyright, 1901, by W. A. Tice.
"Bessie Whitney of all girls! She's abso
lutely devoid of sentiment; so cool and cal
culating, just as one might expect the daugh
ter of a political boas to be. At school she
never chummed much w^th the girls. She
kept an account book, too, and put down
every treat —sodas, fudges and everything—
as if she was working her way through col
lege Instead of being the daughter of a man
who's made a fortune in politics!"
Frank Jameson had tried to laugh down his
pretty sister's vehement protests. He had
even declared it was all due to her sisterly
Jealousy; but now as he rushed toward New
York, the home of his fiancee, the words
rang In his ear and stood out boldly on the
paper he was trying to read.
He lived over again that last evening In
New York, when he had asked Bessie Whit
ney to be his wife. He recalled with a sud
den pang how quietly his proposal had been
received. Then he had thought it was be
cause Bessie was deeply impressed by the
seriousness of the moment. Now he won
dered If it were true that she did not feel
the deep passion that thrilled his whole be
ing when she had whispered that almost in
audible "yes," that she was indifferent.
He tossed aside his paper impatiently and
glanced carelessly at his traveling compan
ion. A middle-aged man, clearly a stranger
to this section of the country, he leaned for
ward eagerly to study the scenery. Jame
son regarded the Intense expression with
some amusement. Here was something to
divert his uphappy trend o! thought.
"Perhaps you'd like to sit next to the win
dow," he suggested. "Pretty country along
here, especially if you're interested in farm
The stranger looked at Prank in surprise.
The unexpected courtesy somehow suddenly
carried him west of the Allegheny moun
"Thanks; don't mind if I do," he answered
heartily. "I'm interested in farming all
right. Got as fine a quarter section near
Sterling, Minn., as ever you saw."
"Sterling? Why, I know a fellow out
there, Jimmy Eckstrom—was in my class at
"Eckstrom? O, yes; there is an Eckstrom
lives about two miles south of Sterling.
Their boy go to school with you?"
With thla entering wedge thir acquaintance
broadened rapidly. Before Jersey City was
reached Jameson had heard all about the pio
neer struggles of John Wilson of Sterling,
and Mr. Wilson had been given some valu
able pointers as to what sightseeing de
served his attention on this, his first visit
to the metropolis. As they boarded the ferry
boat Wilson remarked that he guessed he'd
stop at Smith & McNelll's. Jameson smiled.
Yes, he knew where Smith & McNelll's whs
and he'd be only too glad to see that Wil
son reached there safely.
Wilson, cheap satchel in hand, was making
straight for the cabin marked "men."
"Better take the other side," suggested
Jameson, pointing to the ladies' cabin.
"You'll get a better view of the harbor."
They had not walked half the length of
the cabin before Jameson realized that they
were attracting attention. They were an
oddly assorted couple—the stoop-shouldered
westener in his "store clothes" and rusty
slouch hat, and the dapper New Yorker, clad
in raiment of London cut Jameson looked
neither to right nor left, but felt conscious
that amused feminine glances were following
What followed never would have happened,
so Jameson declares, if, on that particular
day, George Raymond had not worn a red
tie. But George Raymond and the tie ap
peared on the scene Just as Jameson was
posting Wilson on the location of the Statue
of Liberty. He clapped Jameson on the
shoulder and exclaimed:
"Where in the world have you been the last
four or five days? I've been down to the
office half a dozen times."
Daily New York Letter
BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL,
No. 21 Park Row, New York.
Uncle Sam's Roof Garden.
July 15. —Uncle Sam has gone into the roof
garden business. These attractive hot
weather places of amusement have multiplied
enormously In the large cities of the coun
try, but it remains for the metropolis alore
to possess the first and only roof garden
conducted by the United States government.
In a moment of inspiration the architects of
the new buildings on Ellis Island made plans
for roof gardens at the north and south ends
of the main structure and they have pro
duced one that for general utility and
picturesqueness is far ahead of its rivals.
The north roof is for the present reserved
for the officials of the immigration bureau,
but the south roof, which opens from the
detention headquarters, has been turned over
to the immigrants. During the hot weather
the garden has done much to ameliorate the
conditions prevailing among the thousands
of immigrants detained on the island until
relative or friends are heard from, or until
Bent back for various reasons to the coun
tries from which they come. But apart from
the aid to health and sanitation the open air
gives to the Immigrants the Ellis Island roof
garden adds immensely to the scenic effect of
the immigrant crowd. As night comes on
strains of song float on the air, songs of all
nations; a Neapolitan boat song, German love
songs and Irish melodies. As the cool breezes
creep up from the sea the music grows merrier
and the dancers gayer, until all the troubles
of the Immigrants, past and future, are lost
in the pleasures of the fleeting hour.
The Park Chair Squabble.
There are to be no pay chairs in New
York's free parks. The very combination of
"pay" and "free" has acted like a red flag
on a mad bull so far as "the masses" are
concerned, Park Commissioner Clausen has
at last decided to cancel the pay-chair privi
lege granted to Oscar F. Spate. From tho
very first, despite the scheme's man) com
mendable features, the public and most of the
daily press have opposed the innovation. As
a matter of fact, it is not absolutely new,
for in the public parks all over Europe It
is customary for enterprising persons to ex
ploit the pay-seat privilege. But New York
ers, with a lofty contempt for consistency,
determined to have none of it. Practically
every Intelligent man who resented the "class
distinctions," supposed to be engendered by
the pay-chair system, was aware that such
distinctions are enforced everywhere else.
Money makes the distinction and it is ac
quiesced in by these same people In hotels
and theaters, on steamships and railroads,
and in fact in every walk of life except those
bordered by "keep of the grass" signs. And
there they were determined, and Police Com
missioner Murphy was determined, and most
of the daily papers were determined vhat
there should be no "first" and "second
class." In support of their contention the
public got mad and sat in the chairs and
refused to pay. The police, obeying instruc
tions, kept their orbs glued on the empyrean
and refused to see the row that invariably
followed when the chair attendants attempted
to eject the; men who refused either to pay or
get up. There were broken heads and broken
ankles, suits for thousands of dollars, heart
rending cartoons, oaths and curses, editorials
and mush, and such a conflict of authority
that pendemonlum was a child's playground
in comparison. Then Commissioner Clausen
"backed down" and canceled the privilege
The chairs will be purchased by him and
presented by him to the city as relics of a
unique, internecine warfare.
Panic In Chinatown.
Chinatown has had a picnic. That is the
women and children have, for only the wives
and children of the merchants of Chinatown
were Included in the party. The men stayed
at home. And as a picnic it was the most
remarkable New York has ever turned out
Some of the picnickers had seldom or never
before been out of doors, while quite a num
ber had been cooped up for fully twenty years
In the tenements of Chinatown. The picnic
was given under the auspices of the Interna
tional Sunshine society and took In Midland
Beach, Westerlelgh and Staten Island, There
were eighty-six in the party, which repre
sented the smart set of Chinatown. All the
women wore jewels In their hair and aach
Jameson acknowledged the greeting, then
turned to introduce the westerner whom
George was regarding curiously.
•'Mr. Wilson knows the 'Eckstroms at Ster
ling, George. You remember Jimmy Eck
"Sure," answered George, feeling absently
in his pocket as if he had suddenly remem
bered something. "Say, Prank, loan me &
quarter will you. I haven't a cent in change,
and I want to run up on the 'L.' Or, bettei
still, change this twenty for me."
"Can't do It, old man. You know, sisten
don't do a thing to their older brothers wh«
go home for a visit. Perhaps Mr. Wilson
here might oblige."
But Mr. Wilson suddenly stopped, clutched
his bag and edged rapidly aw&y from the
two young men. When he had placed good
six feet between them and himself be ex
"No, you don't. I've heerd of you bunco
steerers before. I ain't as green as I look.
You don't 3hort-change me. I read the pa
pers, I do. Know Jimmy Eckstrom, do you?
With flushed cheeks and blazing eyes
Jameson tried to explain matters. George
roared with laughter. His mirth added fuel
to the flames of Wilson's wrath, and he
again raised his voice in vigorous protest.
Deck hands, accompanied by a plain-clothes
man, suddenly appeared.
"What's this?" demanded the detective.
"Trying to short change—bunco me!" yelled
Wilson. "There, see that fellow, holding
that twenty-dollar bill. The other one was
in the scheme, too."
The plain-clothes man spoke quietly but
"You two'll have to go with me."
"To police headquarters."
The boat was touching the dock. The color
fled from Jameson's face. Of course It was
only an unpleasant misunderstanding. Ht?
pulled out his card. The detective took it
and smiled. Cards, even engraved ones, are
cheap. And there was the twenty-dollar bill
in George's hand. Could better proof be
Jameson was rapidly losing his temper.
"Well, I don't go a step. The old man
was mistaken. We can easily Identify our
selves without going near police headquar
An ugly look came Into the detective's eyes.
He started to speak, when from the curious
throng around them came the swish of femi
nine draperies and a small gloved hand was
laid on the detective's arm.
"May I speak tc you, Dlease?"
Jameson whirled round to face—Bessie
The detective frowned. Ah, a confererate!
The young lady handed him a card and the
frown faded. He bowed obsequeously and
turned aside, not without keeping one eye
on his prospective prisoners, however. Jame
son hesitated between Jumping overboard and
knocking the detective down. George was
swearing softly at the westerner, and the
crowd, craning to see the finish of the little
drama, was pushing its way to the pier.
When the detective turned his face was
wreathed in smiles.
"I guess this is a mistake. The young
man Morris Whitney's daughter's engaged to
ain't turning confidence tricks."
He took the arm of the bewildered west
erner and walked toward the dock. George
started to tell Jameson what he thought of
the whole performance, but Jameson was
hurrying back through the ladies' cabin. He
had seen a slender figure in dark-blue with
her face turned steadfastly toward the Jer
They were the last to leave the boat, and
that night Jameson wrote to his sister:
"It's not always the sentimental girl who's
the bravest. There are two kinds of senti
ment, little sister, and some day I hope you'll
understand the sort that Bessie has— and
mother and child tried to outdo her neigh
bor in the costliness of their trousers. AH
of them wore shoes like round-bottomed row
boats, but only three of the women wore
hats. Thd others wore their hair braided.
The start was made from Mott street, and
there were twenty-four coaches to take the
party down to the boat. When the women
came out of their dwellings they wore veils
over their faces, some of them carrying small
parasols, while fifteen carried babies. Ten
had white women as nursery maids, while
twenty-seven dragged children by the hand
in the traditional way. After visiting the
various points of Interest they were served
with luncheon at Westerleigh, following
which strings of fireworks were exploded
for the benefit of the children and 6,000 pieces
of fireworks set off for the amusement of the
grown folks. Before returning to Chinatown
each member of the party was presented with
a souvenir in the shape of a silvered cup.
The picnic was in every way a unique suc
Not Pleased With the Police.
Despite the charges continuallr made
against the metropolitan police, New Yorkers
are proud of the organization and do not
hesitate to stand up for it whenever the force
is assailed. Yet in the denunciation of the
force by Walter S. Rockey, a druggist in
Thirty-fourth street and Eighth avenue, even
the most vehement partizan of the police
must, to some degree, concur. Mr. Rockey
is a patient man. Eight times was his neat
little pharmacy looted by inconsiderate
thieves and still Mr. Rockey maintained si
lence. But when for the ninth Urn* burglars
ransacked the store from cellar to garret
smoking his best cigars and devouring his
ice cream sodas while doing the Job, Mr.
Rockey's patience gave out. Two policemen
are scheduled to pass the pharmacy every
few minutes during the night and a light is
always left burning in the store to indicate
to the police that "all's right" inside. Yet
notwithstanding the fact that the burglars
extinguished that luminary during their
operations, it was left to Mr. Rockey himself
to discover the next day that he was poorer
by $40© in stock than on the evening previous.
Then Mr. Rockey unloosed the rials of his
indignation and employed a private watchman
and a bulldog to protect the premises.
Lawyer* Attacks on Character.
According to a decision handed down the
other day lawyers cannot make attacks upon
the private life of a person on the witness
stand under the guise of cross-examination
This is the decision of the Judges in the ease
of Frank Mowbray, the valet, against Howard
Gould. A. H. Hummel was the attorney who
argued the appeal. He contended that the
Judge had erred in allowing certain facts
calculated to reflect upon the character of the
defendant and his wife to go before the
Jury. The Judges decided that such testimony
was either to coerce the party Into a settle
ment or else to unduly and unjustly prejodlce
the Jury against the person.
Fell From Sky Unhurt.
The other afternoon an elevator hi the Syn
dicate building, the tallest office building
In the world, dropped fifteen stories. One
passenger and the elevator man took the
plunge with It. and, strange to «ay, neither
was injured, except for a severe shaking up.
Towing Coal at Sea.
The experiment of towing coal from Phila
delphia to Havana In barges has been «uc
cessfully carried out. Two barges carrying
2,800 tons were safely landed In Havana after
a run of ten days and the rteamer returned
to Philadelphia, light, In four days
The experiment Is of interert to Plttsburg
for there to no reason why bargea may not
be loaded on the Monongahela and sent
through to Cuban or South American P "u
as they are to New Orleans. The barge, win
necessarily be of different type from thos"
will go across the ocean. —N?N. A.
Omaha is making a loud outerr thAt -th«