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SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST 3, lyui.
Books and Authors sssssjjDlTOß STEAD of the British Review of Reviews is a very clever char- IM| acter sketcher. He overdoes the matter sometimes as in his adulation of Paul Kruger and the Czar Nicholas. In the July issue of the Review of Reviews, he paints a character sketch of Dr. E. J. Dillon, who is de isssssl scribed as "far and away the ablest, most cultured, the most adventurous newspaper man all round I have ever met; I regard him with the admiration of de spair." This Dr. Dillon is comparatively unknown to London editors. One has to take his distinction on Mr. Stead's say-so. He was war correspondent for the Lon don Telegraph at Peking and spent his leisure time making a metrical translation of the Hebrew poets. He wrote graphic letters to the London papers in 1894-95, during the Armenian horrors; reported the Dreyfus trial for the Telegraph, sending three to six columns a day; was with the insurgents in Crete, disguised as a Greek *ionk and has shown himself a wonderful worker. Dillon is an Irishman, educated hi France, Russia and Germany, is at home in Sanskrit, Arabic, Hebrew; has studied in seven European universities and has taken degrees in three and lectured on com parative philology and classical languages at the University of Kharkoff and left it to enter journalism at Odessa, after which he began work on the English press. It would seem that such a scholarly man would prefer a quieter life, but he courts danger and loves excitement as the lamented MacGahan did. Dillon is more than a correspondent. He is skilled in the philosophy of current history and is versed in modern diplomacy and is a powerful writer. A man of his qualifications would rapidly make his literary reputation in this country. A writer in the August Book Buyer, contemplating "The Modern Child as a Reader," and the unmitigated trash presented to him for reading, concludes: "Mod ern children have so much else to do that they do not read as we used to read. They are embarrassed by riches. Books are cheap, abundant and little valued. , Many are turned out by skilful writers who wish only to profit by a passing fad or fancy, and such must be ephemeral. • • • Children who still love read ing are old-fashioned." This is not harsh judgment. There are certainly some ex cellent books for children written and books which it is desirable for children to read; but the Juvenile taste has been vitiated just as the adult taste has been vitiated with respect to fiction and craves the sensational. The child will not tol erate a didactic story unless it is didactic enough to let the very bad boy have about all he wants, and the story based on history must not adhere too closely to historic facts. A librarian recently stated that it is astonishing to see how many young persons, not infants, of course, take out books like Motley's histories and return them soon, admitting that they could not pull through fifty pages. The tas.te has been spoiled by the historical tales, so ve'aly and mushy, which they have read when younger 1. Mr. W. D. Howells, a much-criticized literary critic, in commenting on Frank Norris's "McTeague," which he thinks is "altogether a very remarkable book," says that Norrts's "true picture of life is not true because it leaves beauty out; life is squalid and cruel and vile and hateful, but it is noble and tender and pure and lovely, too." The question may well be asked whether these latter qualities of life &te constant, either in foreground or background. Mr. Norrls took McTeague and Trina and Macapa and Zeakon and the rest, just as he found them. He brought his camera to bear upon them and the sensitive film took what could be impressed upon it. There is no use trying to deck out a bad lot with labels announcing the pos sibility of ultimate virtue. Books like "McTeague" are necessary. Norris is a liter ary pre-Raphaelite and the novelist must portray the tragedy as well as the comedy of human life, separately very often, concurrently sometimes, just as they are. The Whirligig. By Mayne Lindsay, au thor of "The Valley of Sapphires." New York: Longman*, Green & Co., Nos. 91 and S3 Fifth avenue. Illustrated. Price, $1.26. This is a very thrilling, sensational ro mance. The hero, Francis Bothfleld, at 40, with a comfortable income, had done noth ing with his Ufa to make it of any use to his kind. Apparently he was destined to live out his years in obscurity, loafing from poiut to point in Europe, in an aimless way. Ar rived at Amaro and settling down comfort ably at his hotel, he is suddenly arrested and placed in confinement In the courthouse, where the trial o£ a certain Count Gottfried yon Incke is in progress, he charged with treason. Bothfleld howls against the out rage on a British citizen. But he is seized and carried off in a close carriage, wearing Count yon Incke's overcoat. Within the space of a few days, poor Bothfield was ab ducted from his hotel, with a limited supply of money in his pocket; disguised to repre sent the traitor yon Incke; escaped with the latter's overcoat on, in which were impor tant letters inculpating the count; took ref uge with a group of "reformers" who plot ted a revolt and a republic; fell in love for the first time in his life, with the beautiful daughter of a "reformer"; killed one of the reformers while defending the girl's father, and finally extricated himself, after being nearly killed in the breaking up of the "re formers' " den by the police, with Gisela, wfio had delivered to the chief of police the letters found in the overcoat and had done heroic things for her father and lover. Out of the closing tragedy, which left Count Incke dead as a door nail end Bothfleld faint from his wounds, came a new, exultant life for Bothfleld, who, in a few days, had felt the quickening power of ardent love and the love of a beautiful and heroic woman. From a selfish, cowardly egotist, as he himself confessed, he became a man of heroic action and purpose. He modestly said he fought because he could not In decency run away. But he was successful, as- he told Gisela, because "love—first love, mature, undreamed of love, animated him." It is hardly neces sary to say that he and Gisela married and went to live on the estate of Herr yon Ra denstein. Delrdre Wed and Other Poems. By Herbert French. New York: John Lane, the Bodley Head. The title poem in this book is based upon & Gaelic version of the tale of the wooing of Nuois by Deirdre. Deirdre fell in love with Nuois, "two shoulders above the men of Erin all," at first sight, and Nuois, unyieiding at first, succumbed to her persistence. The author has added new incidents and "Deirdre Wed"—weird, tragical, ever with a storm gray atmosphere, and thunder tones, and lightning flashes, will please, certainly, ali who promote the Gaelic revival and who take keen pleasure in Fiona McLeod's weird tales. But there is some fine poetry in this book. Here is a scene in Deirdre's wooing, when Xuois comes along with his brothers: And he heard a voice: "Son of Usnach, take me to be thy wife!" He bent from the withers, the blaze of her trembling drew The breath from his lips and the beat from his heart's life; Aud be said: "Who are thou, Queen?" But himself knew, And muttered: "Return, return unto him that I hate. For know. Him least of all I rob, least of all that live." But she cried: "Am I then a colt, that ye snare from a foe With a bridle's shaking? I am mine own to give." "Thy beauty would crumble away In the spate of my wild nights, And famine rake out thine embers, the lean paw Of jeopardy find thee. He is not rich in delights Whose harp is the gray fell in the winter's flaw." And she laid her arm round the neck of Sron: "Hast heard. Horse swollen-veined from battle, insulter of death— Whose back is only a perch for the desert bird— Whoso forehooves fight—whose passage is torn with teeth, And dust thou not shudder off the knees of a master deaf To the grief of the weak? And the lad deeply moved, rejoins: "Mount, then, O woman, behind me"—and light as a leaf Drawing her up from his foot to the smoking loins Shook loose the oxhide bridle. Even as the great gull dives From Mullrea's. moon-glittering peak when the sky is bare, Scraped naked by nine days' wind and sweepingly drives Over night-blurred gulfs and the long glens of the air, And feels up-tossing his breast an exhaust less breath bear on. Spouted from isleless ocean, to aid his flight So fiercely, so steadily gallopd the binewy Sron, ' Braced by that double burden to more de light. This is strong and effective Imagery, and it Is maintained throughout the poem. The reader will find much beauty in the shorter poems, as the "Ode on a Silver Birch," and "Claviers at Night." "Deirdre Wed" sug gests in every line the sturdy quality of the old fighters of the Gaelic tales. Tha massive character of the old, prehistoric fortresses in Ireland tells of muscular hero chiefs like Connachar and the sons of Usnach. Four-Leafed Clover. An Everyday Ro mance. By Maxwell Gray, author of "The Silence of Dean Maitland," etc New York- i D. Appleton & Co. Price |1 This is a story chiefly of two men and a woman. Marcia Ludlow, the heroine, had a habit of fainting when she caw Major Beau mont, even in the distance. The major was! not, however, in love with Marcia She t>vi-' deaOjr lored him. and was attractive enough ! LITERARY COMMENT NEW BOOKS to captivate most men. A rather obnoxious creature. Captain Borman, fancied her. He was not capable of any deep affection. Mar cla showed that she detested Borman in va rious ways. On one occasion she fiercely re buked him for beating his dog to death, and her vehemence caused him to back into a pool of dirty water with disastrous results. He revenged himself by writing a declaration of love to her and signing Beaumont's name to the letter, in which the request was made that Marcia would meet him at a certain place in the garden. Marcia went there, trembling with joy, having previously an swered the forged letter designating the place and expressing her happiness. Beaumont is amazed and honestly explains his position. It was a terrible trial for the deceived girl, of course, but she acquitted Beaumont of all fault in the matter. The author very cleverly depicts the outcome, which was not what Captain Borman anticipated, although he had the impudence to send Marcia a wedding present of a four-leavpd clover in emeralds set with brilliants In a bracelet. A four leaved clover was carried by Beaumont through the chances of war and he brought it to Marcia stained with hie own blood and regarding it as the guaranty of luck. The book is full of conversations embodying many smart and pointed sayings. Notes of Military Interest for 1900. War Department, Adjutant General's Office. Washington: Government Printing Office. In this volume there is a synopsis of the latest military budgets of various powers, with valuable notes on field artillery, small arms, traction engines, armored trains, high explosives, military balloons, etc., with many charts and illustrations. The details are given for each branch of the military serv ice. The budgets of the European powers show heavy increases in 1900 over the figures of 1899. Germany, for Instance, shows total current and extraordinary expenditures for 1899 at 642,893,281 marks (the mark is $0,238) as compared with 666,980,470 marks in 1900. The budget for the colonies was 5,531,193 marks. The French budget for 1900 fixed the ordinary expenses (military) at 633,093,750 francs, as compared with 624,552,286 francs in 1899. Great Britain's army estimates for 1900-1901 aggregate $307,497,000 for 430,000 men, as compared with $218,086,000 for 340 000 men in 1899-1900. Under the head of military bal loons, a sketch is given of the history of ballooning since 1782, when the Montgolfler brothers made the first balloon. Russia was the first to try dropping explosives from balloons. The Austrians, at the siege of Venice in 1849, attached shells with fuses ignited to small balloons intended to ex plode over the city, but the wind carried them over the Austrians themselves, and the shells burst disastrously. All the military powers are experimenting in military balloon service and balloons are employed in the armies of Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Eng land, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Ja pan, Portugal, Roumania, Russia, Spain Switzerland and the United States. Great improvements have been made in balloons, in the inflating gas and generators, and the time for inflating a balloon has been re duced from three hours to a few minutes. The balloon train is a regular feature of a mod ern army on the march. In England it takes the intestines of about 74,000 oxen to make an ordinary balloon. Such balloons are strong and tough and retain the charge of gas for weeks at a time, and when a balloon is struck by bullets and shrapnel the rents close automatically and there is very slight leakage. A considerable portion of the book is devoted to a description of the army maneuvers of the powers. The maps illus trating the maneuvers are very fine, showing every village and town and the topographical features of the country. Richard Croker. By Alfred Henry Lewis author of "Wolfville," etc. New York: Life Publishing company, 19 and 21 West Thir ty-first street. We have under the suggestive title, "Rich ardo Croker," a volume of 371 pages of un stinted laudation of the Tammany chieftain, tracing his life from the time when a 3-year old child he was buought to New York from the ancestral Irish home by his father. Mr, Lewis even traces Croker's ancestry back to the period of Cromwell and hints that it can be traced to the Norman invasion. How ever that may be, we have the story of the youth of Croker, his career as an athlete and a locomotive builder and a boxer. Croker is held up as a fine example to American youth because he quit school and books and learned a trade. Mr. Lewis means to make out that Croker is one of the greatest of Americans; leader and director of Tammany's 90,000; a believer in the "machine" and reared at the knee on the Tammany theory of or ganized politics, i. c., Tammany's roster, thir ty-flve captains to whom the subdivisions are absolutely obedient, perfect organization of workers, organized benevolence for political purposes. As the head of this effective ma- chinery, Croker has to keep alert. His biographer describes him as a total ab stainer, absolutely honest, personally pure, a devout churchman. This wonderful bundle of perfection, however, according to the biographer, is a skilful dissembler, "expert of the mask," and will "plow with the heifer of his foe," and with the foe himself if the plowing plows a profit. Apparently guileless, Croker is loaded with guile. He handles men for gain and uses them "with the same cool, steady cunning wherewith a mechanic uses tools." One gets wearied with the author's insistence that Croker has the daring of Cromwell, the genius of Ceasar and Napoleon and the cunning of Machi- • avelll. He believes Croker has inherited the cream of the greatness of all the world's leaders since Moses. He dwells upon Cro ker's every lineament and characteristic and with Boswellian fidelity and admiration re ; ports the utterances of the "boss," who haa a philosophy of life and its duties all his own. When a man sits down to defend Cro ker and the Tammany machine he has to assume a childlike credulity on the part of | his readers. Naturally he pitches into the . church and the clergy because the latt«r I 'have taken part in the revolts of citUeasj against the rule of Tammany. These are called "stallfed hypocrites." Abuse Is cheap. The Tammany view of labor is thus set forth: "There Is no uncommon outlook for a bet ter condition In any pose the labor element shall take. The masses are as full of trea son as the classes, and sell out for less. The so-called workingman, as he presents him self in politics, is not a spectacle of hope. There is but one greater fool than the work ingman, and that is the fool he works for. Both are the worst of Esaus and fairly con tend with one another as to which shall be more deeply deluded by the Jacob of politics as now is." The author professes to be astonished because "such often ill is spoken of Tammany Hall," which he affirms "from the first has stood for the rights of man rather than the privileges of money," and teaches that the "rights of property are second to the rights of humanity." New York taxpayers take a different view and, as they finger their pocketbooks, affirm that the Tammany machine has respect for neither kind of rights, but its policy has been to prove that it has a right to rob the public and enrich its henchmen through the multi plication and control of municipal offices and defeat every move of its victims by adroit work in the state legislature. The au thor argues that Croker is a model citizen who is by no means an enemy of the public welfare, but is a result of causes more power ful than he. Croker himself talks as if Tammany is the efficient protector of New York from corruption, but, as his biographer, in enumerating his virtues, says, he is a cunning hypocrite. It is proper to leave that judgment standing. The author takes occasion to give his views on American politics generally, wan dering away from Croker repeatedly, but he is very interesting in many respects, as he relates many good stories about Croker and others. His best writing is found in the story of the Tweed ring and John Scan nell's vengeance upon Donahue, who mur dered Scannell's brother Florence. The re cital is thrilling, showing the utter lawless ness which existed in New York through the domination of the plundering ring. There is in another chapter a defense of Aaron Burr and a lot of abuse of Hamilton, which is "done over" from the time-worn democratic diatribes. The author regards Bryan as a politician who "turned up the wrong lane" and is not likely to get back on the main road. He characterizes the current prosperity as "the prosperity of drunkenness, the pros perity that speculates but doesn't earn, that forays but doesn't work." Mr. Lewis seems to derive his ideas of prosperity from the habits of the party thieves of New York. There is a considerable portion of the United States outside the boroughs of New York city. Familiar Flowers of Field and Gar den. Described and Illustrated by F. Schuyler Mathews, author of "Familiar Trees," etc. New York: D. Appleton & Co., No. 72 Fifth avenue. Price, $1.40 net. This new edition (the sixth) of this very charming and useful book, contains fine orthochromatic photos from nature by L. W. Brownell and more than 200 drawings by the author; a systematic index and a floral calendar. The photographic reproductions aid greatly the identification of plants. The author is very happy In his literary style. He makes his science a joy and a delight to the reader. The flowers of each month are pleasantly described and the author easily communicates his own enthusiasm to the reader, and makes suggestions worthy of con sideration, as, with reference to the blue flag (iris verricolor), with its lovely blue violet flowers, with richly-veined petals, he says: "The iris is admirably adapted to decorative design, and the wonder Is that some of our artistic young ladies who are so skillful with the needle do not employ it of teller in embroidery; the opportunity here for a charming harmony of blues and greens is immeasurable. Blue wild flowers are not plentiful, and the perpetuation in our memories of this one seems to me especially desirable." A Drone and a Dreamer. By Nelson Lloyd, author of "The Chronic Loafer." New York: J. F. Taylor & Co. Price, $1.50. This Is an American novel and, like the best of recent American novels, the people in It do not adjourn to England or the con tinent and walk in a foreign atmosphere. They stay right here and maintain American characteristics and idiosyncracies, rural and urban. Arthur Marcy Invites two friends, Hume and Mlddleton, to his farm in Penn sylvania, a recent inheritance, Marcy know ing nothing about farming and his friends being club habitues. At the farm many people are encountered, notably Arthur's Cousin Joe, who injects a large amount of real humor in the story. The heroine, Maria Mclntosh, pretty and smart, is encountered by Hume while trouting in a neighboring stream, Maria being on the other bank try ing to catch the same trout. Their lines get tangled and after a struggle they are freed and the girl vanishes and Hume feels the i first sensation of love. His rival is John Roker, a local lawyer, and there is a very pretty little play between the three, the I girl having no use for Roker and trying ito make herself detest Hume. The climax i is reached in the extraordinary and sudden trip of Hume, Marcy and Cousin Joe to rescue Maria's father, who is carried off by j the detested Roker with Maria to the Klon dike, and the author is at his best describ ing that exciting trip, which so brought out Hume's heroism that it had its ultimate in a very effectively described love scene in the vicinity of Raymondstown. They started out to take a walk. It was a protracted walk. "We have gone very far," said Maria, ! glancing at me naively. "Is it very much further?" "Where?" said I. "Where we are going," said she. "Yes," I answered, "it is a very long way, i but the longer it is the better. It is a rough j way, too, Maria, but in this world the i smooth ways are blind alleys. You will trust > me, though, to make the way as easy as I I can." "Why, certainly," she said. We have walked together since that day. . Cousin Joe's philosophy is Impressive. Here are some of his nuggets: "A woman says most when she ain't talking." "There is an awful lot of men in this world that would do fust rate had they been boru kings, but who'll never work up to it. Nature is allus overproducin' jest as a precaution. It would be terrible if the time would come when they was a shortage of rulers. Nature realized that and over produced kings. And, boys, you'll find one of them sovereigns in every valley. He's a king without no kingdom." "If there's one thing I'm dead set agin its a man who has brains hangin' all over him like medals." "Blind folks never falls in love at first sight. If the tender sentyments is to be in spired by the mere opyration of lookin', then there must be somethin' worth lookin' at." "Don't you uns knew that all weemen has their Ideals, more or less, and that the average life of a first-class, beuncln', healthy ideal is jest about six months —after that they dies from lack o' nourishment" Literary Notes. Mrs. Alexander's "The Cost of Her Pride" has been issued in Lippincott's series of select novels. ■W. K. Curtis Ib touring In Norway and Sweden, gathering material for a book of travel notes. T. Y. Crowell & Co. report the Issue of the ! forty-second thousand of "In Tune with the j Infinite," by Ralph Waldo Trine. The August issue of the World's Work will : be a Pan-American number, describing and illustrating the -Pan-American exposition at | Buffalo. I Austin Dobson has retired from his posi | tion in the harbor and fisheries department of i the British government, with an additional pension for his. literary output. Mrs. Elizabeth Stoddard's "Two Men," "Temple House" and "The Morgesons," writ ten aboift forty years ago and in demand yet, I are to be issued in a uniform library edition. Clement Shorter is editing the Tatler, the new London illustrated paper. He formerly edited the Illustrated London News and the Sketch. He is well known by his work in this country and as a conspicuous leader of the Bronte cult. i A memorial structure, called the Walpurgis Hall, is to be erected on the Witches' Dancing ' Place in the Harz mountains, to perpetuate the German legend introduced in Goethe's "Faust." The Hall will be built in full view of the celebrated Brocken. George W. Jacobs & Co., Philadelphia, an ! nounce for autumn publication "Rook"* Nest," by Izola IL. Forrester, author of "The Girls of Bonnie Castle," and "Pussy Meow," by Mrs. S. Louise Patterson, with an intro • duction by Mrs. Sarah K. Bolton. The editor of the Literary Era expresses the belief that the term "conniptionfit" is a cor ruption of "catnipian," and "results from feminine observation of the way of a cat with the catnip leaf." There is room for further speculation in this conniption. Quail & Warner announce a new book by Joseph N. Quail, entitled "Brockman's Maverick," a story of Texas ranch life cattle roundups and range camps. Tli» regular o!d --| fashioned cowboy figures conspicuously with ( his big hat, bronzed face and debonaire' maa -1 George Moore, after writing on "Bvelyn THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL. Innes"two years, found he had written 150, --000 words and had , only: accomplished half the story, so he had that published under the title VEvelyn Inneß" and ,the latter 150,000 words la now published under the title "Slater Theresa." . ._.'//.;. .y. . -: , ■ ... :..* ■■■:-, Lennard Leigh, editor of "Whist Opinion," has written ' a book entitled - "Bridge ■ Whist- How to Play It," giving full directions, illus trative deals and , analyses and a complete code of laws, with notes showing the different usages at the more > prominent clubs. The publishers are Henry T. Coates &Co Phila delphia ,Pa. ' • •■" Dr. O, S. iMarden,-'? editor of Success has under hi 3 direction the preparation of "Tiie Success (Library," comprising 6,000 pages 1,500 original illsutrattons,,, and ninety-six full-page plates in color.. The text Is adapted for home, office, school and college and is written by many distinguished American and foreign writers. .*. The C. M. Clark Company will reproduce an original • miniature of Harmon Blenner hassett in the forthcoming Aaron Burr ro mance. This miniature was painted in Lon don just before Blennerhassett sailed for America in 1796. It is now owned by Blenner hassett's great-grand-nephew, Dr F G Mar tin, of Boston. In Cassell's National' Library series (New York: Cassell & Co., Nos. 7 and 9 W Eigh teenth street), Xenophon's famous "Memor abilia of Socrates" has just been published It is reprinted from Edward Bysshe's trans lation, published in 1712, and revised in 1722 The Introduction by Professor Henry Morley includes a biographical sketch of Xenophon. The sale of a copy of the first folio edition of Shakspere's works at a book sale in Lon don on July 16, for $8,600, suggests how few old books get to such dizzy heights of value in the book market. A copy of the third folio edition of the plays with the 1664 date brought ?100 at a sale some months ago, and the Holl well edition, of the plays, In sixteen VlUme3 ' 1858-18G3, brought $360., £ i : . J'%°Z ften,'- f says thrtcan Illustrated Methodist Magazine, "an author loses his reputation among his own people and In his own land? In his "Recent Message to the American People," Count Tolstoy mentions Garrison, Parker, I Emerson. Ballou and Thoreau as the American writers who had most Influenced him. But who to-day knows anything about Ballou, although his works would make one hundred duo declmo vol umes? It is difficult to find a dictionary of any kind that mentions his name." ." . Rand, MeXally & Co , Chicago, 1 have issued a very attractive "Handbook to the Pan- American Exposition, Buffalo and Niagara Falls," profusely illustrated, giving the list of officers of the exposition, a history of the origin and development of the fair, descrip tions of the grounds and buildings and exhib its with a guide to Buffalo and Niagara Falls and a map of the exposition grounds. The book is everything that such a guide should be. ._ Margaret Vandergrift has compressed much thought and sentiment in the following little poem, "Quests," in the August Atlantic: When the sunshine filled the sky And the days were long, ' Then we went, my heart and I Hunting, with a song, ■' - For a sigh. Now, when all the nights are long, And the winds are high, Go we, though with faith less strong Hunting, with a sigh, For a song. Says the London Mail's book reviewer* "The following publisher's description of a new novel is surely unique. Readers of the book should at least have their moneys worth: 'Starting from the Boomerang club, London, it traverses a wide territory, dealing in turn with the romance of hypnotism, the mysteries of Obi, the broad old English rustic humor, the freaka of modern Corinthianism, the vagaries of tropical love, the morbidities of the Gallic decadent, the foibles of the up to-date literary aspirant, the amours of Phi listia, and the glamor of Romany lore and love.' It is added that the new novel 'will be hailed by all genuine students of the pic turesque.' Its announcement will, anyhow." Of the late John Fiske, the Atlantic, to which he was a constant contributor, says editorially: "A friendly, very human man, fond of his home, his books and his music, his life was that of the true scholar, and it must be measured by his high aims and tire less industry. Endowed with greater powers than most of his contemporaries, he toiled, but the more diligently to accomplish the gigantic tasks which he had set for himself. To those who knew how precarious was his health, there was a pathos in that Latin motto carved above the fireplace in his libra ry, which exhorted him to live as if he wer° to die to-morrow, and to learn as if he w.re to live forevermore. Life and learning have now been cut short all too soon, both for his ! friends and for the world of letters." John Howard Bryant, the only living broth er of William Cullen Bryant, the poet, cele brated the ninety-fourth anniversary of his ■birthday, laat week at Princeton, 111., where he resides. During his long life he has been a school teacher, farmer, politician, poet, government collector of internal revenue. He 1 was a delegate to the convention at Pitts burg which, in 1856, organized the repub lican party, and was a delegate to the na i tional republican convention which nominated ; Lincoln to the presidency at Chicago in 1860. ; During the days of anti-slavery agitation Mr. Bryant was in the habit of secreting fugitive slaves in his house. His brother, the late \V. C. Bryant, once expressed the opinion that some of John Howard Bryant's poems had great merit. These poems have : been printed in a small volume. i Speaking of the hall of fame and the twenty-nine immortals, Harper's Easy Chair I remarks: "Other races, other regions have . their halls of fame, but these have grown up 1 slowly in the long process of the ages, and 1 are the effect of accident gradually taking on the hue of purpose. We had come so early in our history to the need of such a memorial ; that we could not wait for its evolution; i some of our most imperishable memories i might in the mean time have faded; the only way, as soon as we realized our long-felt want, was to supply it with all possible despatch. With the habit of former centuries, England could wait for the slow transforma tion of Westminster Abbey into a hall of fame; and Italy could be patient with Santa Croce; but for America it was different, and, in an electrical epoch, with all the modern appliances at command, there was no reason why we should not have our hall of fame at once, as we have other things—suspension bridges, subways, tunnels, sky-scrapers, rail roads." Mrs. .Richard Henry Stoddard, wife of the poet and litterateur, writing of her personal experience in the 'Literary Era, cays: "On© day whan my husband was sitting at the re ceipt of customs, for he had obtained a mod est appointment, I sat by a little desk, where my portfolio lay open. A pen was near, which I took up, and it began to write, wildly like 'Planchette' upon her board, .or like a kitten clutching a ball of yarn fearfully. But doing-it again—I could not say why—my mind began upon a festival in my childhood, which my mother arranged for several poor old peo ple at Thanksgiving. I finished the sketch, in private, and gave it the title of 'A Christ inas Dinner,' as one more modern. I put in occasional 'fiblets' about the respectable guests, Mra. Carver and Mrs. Chandler, and one dreadful little girl, foisted upon me to Lightning's Strange Capers When there is an occurrence like that of the sudden death from lightning stroke of the eleven men and boys under the pier on the lake shore at Chicago the general public has called to its attention the tremendous destructive force of the comparatively little understood elec trict stores of the earth. In that case the only survivor of the group of twelve relates that in an instant, with out giving time for a groan or cry, death came to the stricken ones. The experi ence of the Anderson boy was one of the most remarkable of the many on record showing the manner in which lightning does its deadly work. While hjs com panions were killed a few inches from him and when he was almost in personal con tact with them, he escaped to tell the tale, and, stranger yet, though tempor arily stunned by the shock, he soon re gained consciousness, if he ever lost it, and was able to tell of the scenes im mediately after the stroke. It is the opinion of those who examined the sit uation that death came to most of those under the zinc roofed shelter on the pier because of their bodies being in con tact. The Anderson boy escaped the full effects, perhaps, because he was a few inches from the main group. There are accompanying each particu lar case of death by lightning some pecul iar results, which, for want of a better understanding of the laws governing electricity, are called the freaks of light ning. When the followers of Benjamin Franklin have delved deep enough into the mysteries of the universe and have established a more intimate acquaintance with electricity these things will prob ably all be found to be the result of certain fixed laws and no longer be looked upon as eccentricities explainable by no law. It strikes the ordinary layman as a wonderful thing that a bolt having the power to send instant death to a dozen human beinga grouped over a space of 10x12 feet should have left no greater mark of its course oa the rude shelter uader which thejr stood. The most care-- entertain. It pleased the editor of Harper's Magazine, who accepted it, and sent me a check which would look wondrous email now I wrote similar sketches, which were pub lished In that magazine. Then I announced my intention of writing a 'long story,' and was told by him of the customs that Ue thought I 'lacked the constructive faculty.' I hope that I am writing an object lesson, either of learning how, or not learning how, to write." AUGUST MAGAZINES The Black Cat for August (Boston: Short Story Publishing Co., 144 High street) con tains five good short stories—"Fifty Dollars' Margin," by Paul Shoup; "A Witch City Mys tery," by F. Van Rensselaer Dey; "The Way side Sphinx," by Mary F. Arnold; "The Wine of Pantlnelll," by N. R. Cummins, and "Fly ing the Flume," by Bailey Millard. What To Eat (Chicago: Price Publishing Co., 156 Washington street) has a faithful company of contributors, who manage, under all temperatures', to dispense much humor and sound advice and charming gastronomic sug gestion. In the current number a "New Woman" luncheon is described, together with a mignonette luncheon, and there are formulae for the most alluring dinners and breakfasts and an improved method of cook ing a pig a la Hawaii and jokes and sage ad vice from experiencad housekeepers; letters, piquant and pleasing, from the seaside and elsewhere, and lessons in chaffing dish cook ing and other branches of the art, and Dr. Felix Oswald entertains the reader with some notes on Spanish food preferences. In the Atlantic, ona wiil naturally read with relish Henry Austin Clapp's "Reminiscences pt a Dramatic Critic." His experience runs through thirty years or since be became dramatic critic for the Boston Advertiser, having from a child been a habitue of theaters. Two papers of decided interest are J. D. Whelpley's "The Isolation of Canada," in which he clearly demonstrates the value which reciprocal trade relations would be for both Canada and the United States, and Brooks Adams' "Reciprocity the Alternative," in which he argues that, if the United States is determined to yield nothing as a competi tor in trade, Europe will be forced to coalesce and ,by superior naval power crush our naval defenses and humiliate us, bringing us to their terms. The great question of American economic supremacy remains to be settled. Mr. Adams thinks and he believes that if it is settled in our favor It will have to be settled by rctual war with Europe. He thinks there must be reciprocity or war. There is a very clever paper on Boswell, by P. A. Sillard, and the fine poem, "Hep haestus',* by Arthur Stringer, will have many admiring readers. William Watson ton tributes a poem, "For England," and the number is a strong one in fiction. Miss J.ewett's "Tory Lover" is concluded and The Contributors' Club is especially bright and interesting. To the Popular Science Monthly Professor Cheyney contributes a paper on the great plague which scourged Europe in the four teenth century and which was known as the "Black Death," sweeping away half the population. He shows the disastrous effeot of the plague, socially, morally and com mercially. Dr. Stevens of New York shows the relation of the pose of the body to the type of the skull and the direction of the visual plane, with illustrations. An article of interest is Professor Rud. Virchow's sec ond installment, of "The Peopling of the Philippines," in which he discusses the ethnical relation of the natives, which is very difficult to fix, since many mixtures have taken place with Immigrant whites, notably Spaniards, and with the yellow and brown races, Mongols and Chinese. The World's Work (New York: Doubleday, Page & Co.) is a Pan-American exposition number and it is very attractive in every respect, the illustrations showing the grounds and structures and details by night and by day, and the descriptive text is all that can be desired. W. H. Fage contributes a general sketch of the exposition, showing how well the directors hay% carried out the original intention of making a beautiful spectacle of it through the application of architectural, color and water effects. C. H. Caffln dis cusses the exposition as a work of art. O. E. Dmlap tells the interesting story of the impressment of the Niagara Falls water power into the aesthetic and mechanical ser vices of the exposition, and Arthur Goodrich tells many good short stories of interesting exhibits. "The Play-Side of the Fair" is en tertainingly presented by Mary B. Hartt and Chief Emory of the government bureau of foreign commerce, and Commissioner Wright of the United States department of labor dis cuss our trade with Latin America and the great industrial changes since 1893, respec tively. The number Is a notable one from the artistic standjoint. Harper's is a notable midsummer fiction number. Notable among the seven short stories is Alfred Ollivant's "The Cleansing of the Lie," a remarkably fascinating ac count of the whipping of a boy for telling a lie—fascinating possibly because of the splen did woman who decreed the whipping. There are other attractions, of course, such as the very interesting Illustrated account of the war the Dutch have been waging against the Atchinese of Sumatia for a third of a century. Holland has spent $85,000,000 and lost 11,000 soldiers trying to hammer these people into submission. Professor Ho.dens, "Birth and Death of the Moon" is a charming bit of scientific theory, with photos of the disc. Woodrow Wilson's installment of "Colonies and Nation" relates to the Boston massacre and the Boston Tea Party. Some of the besc illustrative work is a setting for Richard Le Gallienne's "An Old Country House." And by the way, the illustrative work of the num ber i 3 very fine. Five of the illustrations are in color fron/ paintings by Howard Christy. Rhy's fine poem, "The Wonder of the World," is also set in effective Illustra tions, by Albert Hertes. An interesting feature of Everybody's Magazine (New York: No. 88 E Ninth street) is Don Emlllo Aguinaldo's own story of his capture by General Funston, with illustra tions. O. K. Davis follows this bit of auto biography, with an appreciation of Aguinaldo. Mr. Moncray's "Making of a Country Home" is continued most pleasingly, and the fiction of the number is rarely good. Mr. Bacon contributes a. valuable illustrated paper on the dirigibillty of balloons, and Chief Austin, of the government statistical bureau, sets forth the "Opportunities for Capital in the United States." A very interesting feature is Mr. Coffin's "Photography as a Fine Art," speci ally discu»sing the possibilities and means of personal expression in photography. ful examination failed to find any such mark beyond the two small round holes in the zinc covering of the shelter, the largest of these being smaller than a sil ver dollar. Again, the investigators say that though the boys and men near the place saw the bolt when it descended and, though it appeared to come downward and to strike the water of the lake a few feet beyond the pier where the bodies were found, the holes in the roof have the side bent upward as if some project ile had been fired from beneath. I A history of the remarkable freaks of lightning which are recorded would be sufficient to fill tomes. The more ignorant of the people have now as they have had from the beginning of thunderstorms a feeling of superstitious terror in the pres ence of the i lightning, and to I those :. who have experienced a shock thi3 is not alto gether a matter of nervous fright. :" A case has been called to mind of a man who was the victim of a ' severe shock, though he; escaped with his • life and soon recovered the full use of all his limbs and faculties, r One of the effects that did not disappear , for years i nor, so far as is known, during his life, was the most excru ciating ■ agony : upon the approach of a thunderstorm. It.was as If he had been given the pole of ' a strong i battery t and the * full current turned on him. His muscles would writhe and knot and his fingers and limbs cramp just as do those of the man taking the battery ' current. ' - Medical ':- aid such "':' as he was able; to obtain in a country neigh borhood was of no avail and his sufferings were • in proportion \ to , the violence of the thunderstorm that was approaching. When the .electrical J discharge ; from: the :■' clouds began he immediately began;to • get relief and the | first few flashes and rolls of thun der ; found I him jas J suddenly • relaxed i as ■ is the victim of the battery when'the current is turned off. only relief from these uncomfortable ; reminders % of - his « contact with the bolt ,was;found; in the undignified and ■ unprofessional treatment;! which ■ con i *i*ted io.'* Blunge into the mud «ad slim* jfj' y^wJr 4t Brewed liy a process 35^?--> of our own in rooms -^^^^^^^^^y^ where cleanliness germlcidal pre |§||l§ F cautions go hand in "^^^^^^^p^hand with skill and MY_f_hj^ highest grade mate _P i//SjpWJ Ik rlal These beers AS^^^^^« I|_ are absolutely the , , j§p ' purest and most de ia MI Lv^jlu X EE. 0 licious brewed in ffifJfQl^UKUffi this country BLATZ MALT-VIVINC (NON-INTOXICANT) TONIC FOR WEAK NERVES AND WEAK BODIES. Druggists or Direct VAL. BLATZ BREWING CO., MILWAUKEE mZNNEAFOLIS BRANCH-1816 6th Street South. ._::■, Telephone 206. of a hog wallow which was situated -near the residence. The first treatment was taken in the hog wallow, as tradition has it, on the advice of an old darky who was supposed to have some skill in concocting cures for ordinary aches and pains from "roots and yarbs." The sufferer from the lightning stroke subsequently contrived a mudhole conveniently located and from which the hogs were barred, but the prin ciple ojf the mud bath as prescribed by the "yarb" doctor was retained. Everyone recalls stories of how death has followed a stroke or shock where, so far as was observable, no marks are left on the body, and equally as numerous are the cases where force sufficient to strike the man senseless to the ground or hurl him several feet have not proved fatal. In the latter class was the experience of Frank Daucek during a recent thunder storm in Chicago. He had gone to the roof of a house to look for a leak and while he was there the lightning struck the roof. Daucek was thrown Into the air through the window of an adjoining house and was able to catch by the window sill and hold, on till rescued by the firemen who came in response to the alarm sent in when the fire caused by the bolt was discovered. This case of Daucek is chiefly remarkable because it presents the feature of exposure to the great force without the usual accompanying loss of consciousness. A case is recalled where a bolt killed the victim, a harvest hand at work in the field, and he seemed to heve sank gently to the ground without being moved from his position, all the mark being a slight discoloration in a small spot on oae foot and the shoe from that foot being torn into fragments. Lightning has in many of the recorded cases come so quickly that Lhe idea of there being a feeling of pain is out of the question. The old story of the group of harvest hands who had col lected under & hedge to escape from a passing shower is recalled in this connec tion. They were found reclining and sit ting on the ground in perfectly easy and natural posture's and evidently just as they were the instant before death over took them. The collectors of the curious etories of the freaks of lightning have preserved the account of the case where what appeared to be a ball of fire was observed rolling along the ground and finally into a shed where several pigs were penned. With comparatively slow and apparently delib erate movements the ball traversed the inclosing rails, skirted the sides of the pen and was pursuing its so far harmless way along the floor when an overcurious pig concluded to investigate it more close ly by rubbing his snout against it. At the touch off the pig's nose the shed on that side flew into small bits and the por cine student of electricity and his half dozen brothers and sisters were instantly killed. The romantic have found food for con templation in deaths by sudden strokes of lightning in which they have conceived that a higher power visited upon the heads of sinful mortals a just punishment for offenses for which the human codes had no penalty provided. One of these was where a few years ago a young girl descended from the Indian race, educated at Carlisle and of refined tastes and lovely disposition fell in love with a young mis sionary who had gone to her tribe's resi dence to preach the gorpel. The beautiful girl was a member of his congregation and he showed that he reciprocated her love, but it was developed that he considered t.h« trace of Indian blood in her veins a bar to their marirage. The girl killed herself and a few nights afterward there came a severe thunderstorm, at the ces sation of which the young minister was missing. Later his dead body was found on the grave of the girl, where he had been struck down by a bolt of lightning. The residents in the country have ob served the liking which the lightning has for wire fences. Observers have seen the ball of fire which marks the course of the bolt as it runs along the wire. In many cases this tendency of the lightning to fol low the -wire fences has been the cause of the death of whole bunches of farm ani mals which had gathered in the corners. Certain varieties of trees are known to be more liable to be struck than others, and on the western plains, where trees are scarce and trees of any considerable STORAGE Household goods a specialty. Un equaled facilities and lowest rates. Packing by experienced men. BoydTransfer & Fuel Co., 46 So.TWrdSL Telephone Main 666—both exchanges. COMPAGNIE GENERALE TRANSATLANTIQUE . Safety - Speed - Comfort "a jj' rr» _by an unending delight of an ocean AUU 1 CIl T°y"-f?e on tho Hne famous for the " .T" patronage of the best people and per %/__„_■ feet cuisine. It Is the YearS : palatial FttEJfCHMNE. . ... Bre»lf«t In New Yark Tknr.dUT ' to Life • DJnB " PBrt ■"' " m Anything you want to know answered by' Brecke & Ekman, 127 3d st S; A. E. John ston & Co., 14 Washington ay S; C. H. Both* man & Co., 300 Ist aT. fIL BARBERS^ SUPPLIES ncj»L» AND CUTLBRY. •ft jiff. ' ' Shear*, Rssor« aid CUpperj fround, Q&f 3 R. H. : HEBENER. <££§»' 207 NiOOLLET AVENUE. MFMS9Y ADfIA «« south nenrsw *tf*wc/*9 # 7th street STEAM DYE HOUSE. General Dry Cleaners and Dyers. TELEPHONE 3670-J2. TREASURY DEPARTMENT, OFFICE SU pervising Architect, Washington, D. C, July 30, 1 19Q1.—Sealed proposals will be received at this ' office until 2. o'clock .p. m. ,on the 4th day of September, 1901, and then opened, for -, the construction; (except ■ heating ap paratus, electric wiring and conduits,) of the United States postofflce at St. Cloud, I^inn., in accordance - with drawings and specifi cations, copies •■ of ; which ' may be. had at the discretion of the Supervising Architect, '; by applying■■ to ' this 'i office -or the : office of: the superintendent at St. Cloud, Minn. James Knox Taylor, Supervising Architect. North Star Dye Works " ' "*■■;.'"., E.F. WBITZEL, Proprietor.:::r;; \r■■;■;. i' 79BS' Huaaeplß ' Are.,. MlKaeapoUla. Talestfeeae «&«.«. size are only found at long distances apart, there are to be found individual specimens which have been struck tim« and again. There was a few years ago an aged cottonwood standing on the bank of a tributary of the Arkansas river, in southwestern Kansas, which showed the marks of the lightning in a score oi places. Some of these the residents oi the community could trace to storms which had occurred during their residence, but some of them evidently dated back of the time of the settlement of the coun try by the whites. In contrast with this large number of strokes of lightning on the one tree without any of them killing it or materially injuring it will be recalled instances where at one stroke giant oaka have been torn into small fragments. Travelers have time and again told of the awe inspiring effects of thunderstorms at sea by night, when the pit of dark ness in which the ship floats is lit for miles by a vivid flash that shows the curling waves and low hanging clouds with an exactness of detail that is in describable and unless once seen, incon ceivable, and then the sudden darkness without any fading away of the light, coming as quickly as it went before the flash and appearing to be' more intense than before. Something of the same effect is found in the open plains, where the echoes from the crags add to the volume and repeat the burst of the thunder, have found the sea and piain effects of lightning at night fully equal in the way of demonstrating the power and vagaries of the lightning. The tendency of lightning to strike in particular spots has been found by in vestigation to be owing in many cases to mineral deposits underneath the sur face in the neighborhood, but in many others the scientists have been unable to find any reason for the predilection of the bolts for a particular tree or spot of earth. Like many other things connected with lightning, they are only able to say so and so happened and put it down as another strange manifestation of the tendency of freakishness of the lightning. Low Rates to Denver, Colorado Springs, Pueblo, Glenwood Springs and Salt Lake. The North-Western Line—"Omaha" road —announces the very low rate of $25 for the round trip during first ten days of August from Minneapolis and St. Paul to Denver, Colorado Springs and Pueblo; $35 to Glenwood Springs, and $40 to Ogden and Salt Lake. Return limit Oct. 31. 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Pimples, Copper Colored 6*x*e. Aohe«. Old Sores, Wera to Moult. Hair Soling? Wrtte OQok R£M£BY 00.. 284 Masonic Temple, Cue***, IU.. Tor proofs of erares. Capital saoo.ooo. w« aoUolk the mott obttiaate oaiw. W« hare o^red tb« wont emm ia is to W days. ioo-p»«« Book Free. " tf^fllfe^t tf Bl^Cf ii for Gonorrhea, 4t^»wiffrnn^^O 2) Mt "B»e°rmato?r\utat J?&jgr< CURES '.^■H Whlt««, unnatural dU MH^lbiu 6 dlT< ■ charge*, or any inaamma- MPf GwrMtMd w —. tion, irritation; or nlcera ■SlPHnit uituiti. tion of docodi mem- E3 .trZto bnuiM. Non-aitrtafßat. ■rSITHEEvWSCHEMICALOO. u^^^y itrmmg^Ot, ,^kciN»N)UTUO.Hor t»nt I* plai» «n»r, - "*•■•*•;«■> W ex»»M, »r*p«Ud, for '<^k^ll fl.fltVor 8 botUtt, tz.79w >* ■ >^*^jjc;jP^p*U vlroil*r awt oo r««.aa}|» 13