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SATUKDAY KVENISG, AUGUST 3, 1901.
BOZ CLUB IN DICKENS' LAND The Ancient City of Rochester Where Pickwick and Other Immortal Characters Were Given Birth. London Mali. I In the High street of the ancient city of Rochester, near the square-faced, home ly-looking Bull Inn. a little band of de- Toted Dlckensians has assembled. They were members of the Boz club of London, and the occasion of their foregathering "was the thirty-first anniversary of the novelist's death, which occurred on June 9. 1870. They were men of mark themselves, were those "twencent" Pickwlckians. Henry Dickens, K. C, son of the novelist, was there; so were M. F. C. Burnan, editor of Punch; Luke Fildes, R. A., the eminent artist to whom his majesty, King Edward, has Intrusted the work of paint- Ing the official portrait, and among whose many famous paintings Is Included that beautifully pathetic story on canvas de pleting "Tne Empty Chair" of the de parted novelist. The company also in cluded Sir Squire Bancroft, G. A. Storey, A. R. A.; Percy Fiugerald and Mr. Kitton. Regular IMeVvrielc Day. The club's perambulation through Dlck ensland Is favored by exquisite weather. It is sudh a day, in fact, as that on which the immortal Pickwick "bent over the balustrades of Rochester bridge contem plating nature and waiting for breakfast." The medieval, cramped High street, "full of gables, with old beams and timbers carved Into strange faces," seems to bask and grow sleepier than ever in the glar ing sunlight. It is all practically just as Dickens raw It tor the last time three days before his death, as he stood against the wooden palings near the Restoration House contemplating the old Hanor House —Just the same even to "the queer old clock that projects over the pavement out of a grave red brick building as if Time carried on business there, and hung out his sign." Those of the visitors so "dispoged" have lunch in the coffee room of the Bull. It is unchanged since the days of the original Pickwlckians. but it is only in fancy and framed presentments that one now sees the "G. C. M. P. C." and his disciples, Messrs. Tupman, Snodgrass, Winkle and Jingle. So closely, however, do we fol low in the footsteps of Mr. Pickwick that we look through the self-same coffee room blinds at the passengers in the High street, In which entertaining occupation we are disturbed, as was Mr. Pickwick, by the coming of the waiter (but not the same waiter) to announce that the car riages are ready—"an announcement which the vehicles themselves confirm by forth with appearing before the coffee-room blinds aforesaid." JUST LUCE OLD TIMES. "Bless my «>ul!" said Mr. Pickwick, as they stood upon the pavement while the coats -were being put In. "Bless my soul! Who's to drive? 1 never thought of that." "Oh, you, of course," said Mr. Tupman. "I!" exclaimed Mr. Pickwick. "Not the slightest fear, sir," interposed the hostler. "He don't shy. does he?" Inquired Mr. Pickwick. "Shy, sir? He wouldn't shy if he was to meet a vaggln-load of monkeys with their tails burned off." The ruined castle and the cathedral are first visited, the castle looking more than ever "as if tie rooks and daws had picked its eyes out." The learned and pheasant mannered dean himself conducts the party through the cathedral, and, as Mr. Grew gloiu did before us. we stand for a con templative five minutes at the great west door of the gray and venerable pile. "Dear me." aald Mr. Grewgious, peeping in, "it'« like looking down in the throat of Old Time." Old Time heaved a moldy sigh from tomb and arch and vault; and gloomy shadows began to deepen in corners; and damps began to rise from green patches of stone; and Jewels, cast upon the pavement of the nave from stained glass by the declining sun, began to perish. Or, to quote the more genial Jingle: "Old Cathedral, too —earthly smell—pil grims' feet worn away the old steps —little Saxon doors — confessionals like money takers' boxers at theaters —queer -custom ers those monks* —Popes, and Lord Treas urers, and all sorts of old fellows, with great red faces, and broken noses, turning up every day—buff Jerkins, too — match locks —sarcophague—fine place—old leg ends, too —strange stories, too; capital." "The hoarse cathedral bell" is sum moning worshipers to service, and the first notes of the organ are flooding the vast building with sweetness when, time pressing, the company and the carriages turn their faces Cobhamway. Past the Guild-hall, where Pip was bound ap prentice to Joe Gargery, over the bridge that spans the Medway, which Mr. Mlcawber came to see with a view to that ever anticipatory optimist embarking in the coal trade ("Talent, Mr. Micawber has; capital, Mr. Miaxwber has not,") then through some lonfy stretches of country "rendered mor\i beautiful by the changing Bhadows whi*i pass swiftly across it, as the thin and half-formed clouds skim away in the light of the moving sun," and at last Cobham Is reached. Here it -was that Mr. Tupman sought consolation after his little affair with the spinster aunt. A look at the amazing wealth of rhododendrons, then on to the "Leather Bottle," where Messrs. Pickwick, Winkle and Snodgrass ran the melancholy Tupman to earth. Another pleasant drive brings the Boz Club to Gad's Hill Place, looking, despite Its 120 years of age, as bright and cheery as when "the queer small boy" (Dickens) . Imagine a company of Minneapolis' racmt sedate and elderly business and pro fessional men, such as have enjoyed the reputation of employing the most con servative and safe methods in counting room and office, seated around a table deeply engrossed in cards with thousands at stake! The picture would not be overdrawn, for "cards with thousands at stake" have called the veteran members of the "D. P." club of Minneapolis together every Monday evening, rain or shine, for more than a decade past. The letters D. P. do not, as might be deduced, stand for "Distressingly Poor," ••Disdainfully Pre tentious," or anything of the sort. They are simply the initials of those two fam ous words "Draw Poker," and the "D. P." club to the initiated and their friends is simply the Draw Poker club. The "thousands" that change hands at its meetings are not in coin of the realm. The members of the Draw Poker club never play for money. Under no circum stances has gambling for coin been coun tenanced. Chips are the "whole thing," and if the members of the club are to be believed they extract quite as much sat isfaction and find the game fully as fas cinating with only the "red, white and blue" to lure them on as could possibly be the case were money at stake. The Draw Poker club is one of the most unique organizations ever founded in Min neapolis. It had its beginning Just about a dozen years ago. It was one evening in ISB9 thai Colonel Henry Benton and Jo used to regard It as a treat to be brouht to look at it. "And ever since I can recollect, my father, seeing me so fond of it, has often said to me, 'If you were to be very persevering, and were to work hard, you might some day come to live in it.' " It so fell out that Dickens did come to live in it—and die in it. The present owner of Gad's Hill Place is the F. G. La tham, who shows the visitors round the house. As they Ftand reverently in the dining-room, where the novelist breathed his last, though few of them know him personally, every one feels that it was not merely a great writer, but a dear friend also, whose eyes had closed in death on that scene. Back to the Bull, and a truly Pickwick ian dinner in the still unaltered as sembly-room where the memorable ball was held, what time the musicians did great excitement in the "elevated den." "Wait a minute," observed Mr. Jingle to Mr. Tupman. "Fun presently—nobs not come yet—queer place. Dockyard people of upper rank don't know dockyard peo ple of lower rank —dockyard people of lower rank don't know small gently— small gently don't know tradespeople— commissioner don't know anybody." It is interesting to know that there are enough negro bankers in the United States to hold a convention in Buffalo in late September. SOME ODD ANIMAL FRIENDSHIPS Interesting Examples From Among the Four-Footed Performers in the Norris & Rowe Show. According to Professor C. I. Norris of Norris & Rowe's big trained animal shows, [which will exhibit In this city all next, W. H. EOWE, Of the Norris & Rowe Animal Shows. week, the odd friendships occasional ly formed by animals are char acterized by the virtues and failings in cident to human attachments. Nor is it , ■■. .***! .■ ■:: ■■ .■:.■ ...:■. fc|~fcßfiF "* ■■■■■■■■■■■ ■■:-"- ll>'.:"'-- 1 ■■■■:' ■ ■ \- "°'t *i ■■■■■■:. 1 ■ ■"■ , ~-- ■ - .■ > :■■■■.. ■■ jf »''>***'* ■■:■■■■■■■■■ : V l'^ '■■ A ■■' ■■■■■ ■■■■'■■■■■■ "■■■ ■■■■■■■■ ■■■■ ■ JBJrapßgSiriElv ■..■-:■■.: ■ ■> ■ ■■■■■: ■■: f■ .■ ■.■■ .■ "■. ■ F_, r. '■■.-*'...: .. ■■ .■. V' ,'^■- 4 :■■■:■: :■■■■■■■■■■■■: ■■■ ■ ■ f * *'i ' ""^ **■ '111' ' ' ' ■■:■■■»■■ FARGO, THE TRICK ELEPHANT. peculiar to animals that they sometimes enter into alliances of a curious kind. Naturally enough, ponies make friends and comrades among their own race, as dogs do, still oftener, but a close friend ship and understanding between ponies together by enforced circumstances and separated from others of their kind. Elephants have a positive dread of soli- DMW POKER AS A PURE SCIENCE. A Minneapolis Club Which Has Played Tl\e Game For Years Without Cash Stakes. siah H. Thompson paused in front of Judge William Welch's residence, 156 N Seventeenth street, and invited him to become a charter member of the organiza tion. Together, the three repaired to Frank Morse's home, near at hand, where they drew up articles of incorporation and played the initial game. The Quality of Poker. In explaining the objects of the or ganization Colonel Benton took occasion to remark that, in common with a great many of his intimate acquaintances who appreciated the ennobling side of poker, he believed it high time that such a dis tinctively national game should be re formed. He deprecated the growing tend ency of the times to use poker purely for gambling, all the more because he recog nized that the game had many fine, scien tific points which raised it far above the level of ordinary card games and com mended it to the consideration and dis cernment of intelligent and observant people. In order that the game may be handed down to posterity with a reputation not wholly blemished, it was, therefore, the laudable purpose of the club to preserve the game in all its pristine purity. The First Meeting. Some* of the most prominent citizens of Minneapolis were present at that first meeting, and it is a significant fact that most of the "happy party" have since passed away. Among the departed whose names have been linked with the upbuild THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL. OTHER PEOPLE'S NOTIONS Comfort In Hot Weather. To the Editor of The Journal: It is possible that before the summer is over, we may have some more very hot weather, and it behooves us to do all in our power to get what comfort we can at such a time. In the first place to insure good health during the heat, it is absolutely neces sary to take as much food and nourish ment as in winter, for it is essential that the body should be well fortified against the extreme exhaustion caused by the heat. And in the second place, one thing that adds much to the comfort and sustenance of health during the heat, is the daily use of cold or tepid water. About the mos f t conventional way, and one which all can employ, is to bathe the whole body with a wet towel or sponge, and after using a dry towel the invigorating and soothing effects are most agreeable and refreshing. Too much stress cannot be laid upon the most important duty in the maintenance of good health and com fort. There Is also another matter which needs especial care, and that is the quick and careless way in which ice water is usually drank. It should be drank very slowly so that its temperature may be somewhat moderated before it reaches the more sensitive organs of the body. If attention is given along the lines just indicated much of the suffering,- and discomfort will be avoided. —Arthur Meachen. It is estimated that the electrical or gan of a lively electric fish would give a discharge of about 200 volts. In three months no fewer than thirty eight German generals have been pen sioned and their places filled by younger men. It has been estimated that it will re quire eighty-five men working every day until 1947 to unearth the entire ruins of Pompeii. According to the anthropologist, Al fredo Nicefore, a North Italian differs less from a German than he does from a Sicilian. tude, and when this happens to be un avoidatle, will make friends of the most unlikely creatures. Fargo, the smallest performing elephant with Norris & Rowe's Trained Animal shows, in winter quarters was kept away from other ani mals. For some time after his isolation he showed symptoms of distress, amount and dogs is apparently more frequent than any similar 1 relationship between the individuals of the same species. Perhaps the most remarkable attach ments are those shown by animals thrown Ing to positive melancholy, and not at tributal to any physical cause. A goat and kid were procured and Judiciously in troduced to the room where Fargo was confined. Fargo seemed to take much interest In them until the goat died. The kid remained in the room with the ele phant and Fargo diverted himself by lift ing the little creature up with his trunk and carefully placing it on the floor again. He would repeat this operation every few minutes, evidently to the satisfaction of both. Another peculiar alliance was that of a sick pony which was kept apart from the other stock. The pony was all alone save a fowl. The fowl would approach the pony with notes of complacency, rubbing her self gently against his legs, while the pony would look down with satisfaction, and move with the greatest care and circum spection lest he should trample upon his diminutive companion. Dogs have so much larger a share of personal liberty than horses or other ani mals, that their friendships obviously lie more at their own disposal. But notwith standing this fact they constantly make friends of the most unlikely kind and for the most inexplicable reasons. Attach- ments between members of the same race are of course common, but attract the less notice on account of their obvious rea sonableness. Dogs, however, are greatly addicted to queer company and constantly go out of their way in quest of it. The numerous friendships formed between dogs and geese and poultry in general are quite remarkable. ing of Minneapolis and who have played im portant parts in the business community are Frank Morse. Colonel Henry Ben ton, Anthony Kelley, R. B. Langdon, Judge Seagrave Smith, and J. H. Thomp son, late president and secretary of che club, who died a few weeks ago. " . - ; Others of the original members of the club who are still "in the game" are Judge William Lo'chren, Judge William Welch, Major C. B. Heffelfinger, 0. M. Laraway, Governor : John Pilslbury, Dr. A. Barnard, Dr. E. S. Kelley, S. B. Searles and Ed Clement. The club is a most ex clusive one and as only the select "old settler" class is eligible, all <!f vacancies caused by the grim reaper are rapidly filled. _-r': -'■'■■' ft' Its Own Chips. ;- • Years ago a special design of excep tionaly handsome poker chips was -manu factured for the club. v ' The denominational values of the chips are $25, $50, $100, $500 and $1,000. At the beginning of play every night each mem ber starts out with $5,000 worth of chips. Play commences at 8 o'clock sharp and continues until 10:30. At that ) hour, no matter how," exciting ; ; a point ! the game may have reached, time is : v promptly called. Then follows a delightful social session and a "feed," after which the gray-haired "boys," most of them' have long since. passed ■ life's meridian, bid each other . good : night and depart. .. , " The program for each meeting is to play "jack pots" for half ;an I hour g after the • straight • game, I the ■- individual. ante -being. CHRISTIANIA, NORWAY'S CAPITAL Thumbnail Sketches in a Modern City—How the Sewage Problem Is to Be Solved—A Population of 230,000—The Regulation of Vice. William E. Curtis is writing some in teresting special letters from the Scandi navian countries to the Chicago Record- Herald. Under .date of Christiania Mr. Curtis says in part: Christiania is practically a modern city, although the town of Oslo, founded by King Harald Haardraada about the middle of the eleventh century, was the royal residence for 500 years. The old castle Akershus, which stands upon a promon tory in the center of the city overlooking the beautiful fjord or bay, is more than a thousand years old. In the year 872 Harald Haarfager made a vow that he would not cut his hair or whiskers till he had united Norway under a single gov ernment. The I,oooth anniversary of his success was celebrated in 1872. Akershus was the palace of the kings until 1740. It has been considerably changed during the different dynasties that have occupied it, and is now used as a penitentiary and a barracks for the little band of troops that garrisons the city. A Population of 230,000. Christiania is now one of the most pro gressive and ,up-to-date cities in Europe, with a rapidly increasing population of 230,000, and an annual commerce of not less than $25,000,000. It is the seat of the Norwegian government and the king is expected to spend three months of every year in the old palace "on the hill. The city is rapidly becoming a manufacturing center. Factories are being established for different purposes—engine works, cot ton and paper mills and other industries being rapidly developed. The people are rich and prosperous; the residences, con structed in the French style of brick and stucco, and lined off in imitation of stone, are quite imposing. The shops are large and the goods they contain indicate the luxurious tastes of the people. Regulation of Vice. Norway offers a fine field for reformers to study the effect of regulation upon the vice of drunkenness. Within the limits of the kingdom are all grades of restric tion, from prohibition to liberal license. There are no pretensions about the Nor wegians; there is no affectation about their morals and no leniency in the ad ministration of their laws. The police and the magistrates are merciless and inexorable, and crime is punished more severely perhaps than in any other coun try. At the same time the people distin guish an important difference between temperance and total abstinence. They give their children beer in unlimited quan tities, but absolutely prohibit the sale of whisky, and send drunken men to prison with burglars and assassins. Norwegian reformers hold that beer is the great pro moter of temperance, and encourage its use as ci beverage, although every saloon in the kingdom is closed on Sundays, on all holidays and Saturday afternoon, which is the regular pay day for the working classes. As a Health Resort. The city is founded upon a rock and lies around the shores of a beautiful fjord, which is dotted with islands, where rich citizens have their summer residences. Little steamers that are puffing and toot ing around among them all the time fur nish frequent and rapid transportation, as the electric trolley cars do upon the land. Back of the town is a stately group of mountains covered with groves of pines which are utilized by the pleasure loving population for parks, beer gardens and picnic grounds. The death rate in Norway is the small est of any nation, in the world, less than fourteen to 1,000 of the population last year, which is owing to the atmosphere and the temperate habits of the »eople. Sew Ideas in Sewage. The weak spot in Christiania is the lack of a sewerage system. As in Manchester, England, and other old-fashioned places, there are no water closets, and the night soil is collected by carts every twenty four hours and sold for manure. Very few houses have running water, although there is a fine reservoir in the moun tains back of the city which could fur nish an. unlimited supply. There are a few drains on the surface and under ground, but they are only in the most modern sections, where they are the least needed, and are seriously objected to be cause they discharge in to the bay and spoil the water. It is proposed to build an entirely new and novel system which may be applicable to some of the cities of the United States where similar diffi culties are experienced. The plan is laid out by Mr. Salicat, the city engineer. Didrichsen, Moy & Co. of Christiania are the contractors. Mr. Salicat divides the city into zones, each with a separate system of under ground sewers, which lead to a collecting reservior, from which the sewerage is pumped to a series of what he calls "septic tanks' upon an island in the bay. The underground sewers and the pumping works will cost about $750,000. The septic tanks are rectangular, in the form of a pyramid, with the point down, and are partially filled with sand and gravel, through which anout 80 per cent of the water is drained off. The residue is then pumped over into extractors, where it is treated chemically by steam for the purpose of_ extracting the grease, which is removed and sold to manufac turers of soap, lubricants and similar ar ticles. The residue is conducted to hy draulic presses, where the water is squeezed out, and it is then sold and carted away for manure. Messrs. Didrichsen, Moy & Company are $25 in chips. Then there is one round at $100 the ante, and a grand finale at $200 a throw. The last play requires two pair •r better in order to open the pot. J. H. Thompson an Expert. J. H. Thompson enjoyed the reputation of being the shrewdest player in the club and he invariably "won out." It is said of him that he simply reflected in his style of play the characteristics which won him such success in business. He never bet high unless he had a flush or full hand. Then, no amount of "bluffing" could make him back down. Ordinarily his betting was cautious. Under no cir cumstances would he "see" a heavy raise unless he could himself deliver the goods on a flush or a full hand. If he could "represent" he would be sure to call his opponent at the first favorable oppor tunity. A Daring Player. R. B. Langdon was what Judge Welch calls a "daring, audacious player." Judge Lochren's hand never "lost its cunning." He is distinguished among his comrades •because of the air of impenetrable mys tery with which he surrounds himself. He always "has them guessing." Colonel Benton was a strong player. Whether he won or lost, he was apt, as a member of the club put it, to "express himself with great force." The colonel was always the life of the party, and. was a great joker. He generally kept the table in a roar. undertaking to establish the system in Christiania with the expectation of large profits. Our Old Friend Hangen. As I was coming down in the elevator from their office the elevator man tipped his hat politely and said: "Is the damage canal finished?" I also am from Chicago," and he told me the story of his life. His name was Hansen, of course. Half the people in Scandinavian countries seem to ze Hansens, and when I innocently asked a friend if he knew a Mr. Hansen he re plied: "Yes, I know a hundred Hansens, sixty five compound and thirty-five single. We have more Hansens than you have Smiths, and have the same old chestnut that after Adam got tired of naming people he said call all the rest Hansen and let them go." But -Mr. Hansen who conducts the ele vator in that building has a record. He went to the United States in 1859; in 1861 he enlisted in the army to fight fer his adopted country and served through the war. He then assisted in building the Iron Mountain railway in Missouri and moved up to Chicago, where he lived for twenty-five years as a machinists and en gineer until he broke his leg and had to quit work. He had accumulated a tidy little sum of money, so he decided to come back ,to his native country and spend the rest of his days. A Bit Of Politics, Norway is a free and independent na tion, but shares with Sweden the luxury of a king. The partnership also extends to the diplomatic and consular service, which is a constant subject of irritation. Otherwise the two countries are absolute ly independent of each other, having their own constitutions, which differ ma terially on important points. There has been considerable jealousy between the partners, but I am told that it is dying out. The king is popular and well loved, and the crown prince, who, by the laws of nature, is improving in the affections of the people of Norway as they come to know him. King Oscar 1 has become an old man. He has passed 72 years, and has delegated many of his power's to Gustaf, the heir to the throne, although there has not been a formal abdication. Gustaf is represented to be intellectually one of the ablest of all the royal families of Europe, although a man of modest dis position. He is fond of literature and The chief complaint of the Norwegians is that Sweden controls the foreign policy of the two kingdoms, and the Norwegian liberals and radicals are resolutely de manding an independent foreign office and diplomatic and consular service of their 1 own, although from the earliest days of the partnership Norway has made in dependent treaties with foreign powers. The conservative party, which advocates the retention of the present system, can only argue in its favor on the point of economy, which is a very strong one among this frugal and thrifty people. In appointing plenipotentiaries and con suls the king has been quite impartial, and on that ground the Norwegians have no cause for complaint. At least one half of the diplomatic and consular corps are Norwegians. This question comes up at every meet ing of the Norwegian parliament, and as a political issue the policy of a separate foreign serVice is growing in favor. Work of the Storthing. The parliament is called the storthing, and is composed of 114 representatives, thirty-eight from the towns and seventy six from the rural districts. It divides itself into two sections, known as the odelsthing and the lagthing. The mem bers are elected for three years by an indirect and complicated system which la nearly the reverse of our own. The vot ers of each parish, which forms an elec tion district, assemble at a given place and time and select delegates to a con vention which chooses their representa tives in the storthing, and, when the storthing meets, its 114 members select one-fourth of their own members, gen erally the most experienced and distin guished men, to constitute a senate, or upper chamber, called the lagthing, which exercises a sort of supervisory power over legislation. The storthing sits for about six months every year. The mem bers are paid $3 a day during the session and their traveling expenses. The pre siding officer is chosen every four weeks and cannot succeed himself without an interval. The committees are appointed by a "selection committee" elected by ballot and each committee chooses its own chairman. There is a rather novel rule requiring bills referred to committees to be assigned for consideration to the sev eral members in rotation. The members may introduce a bill modifying the con stitution,but all other classes of measures must proceed from the government and the members of the lower house. Mem bers of the upper house, or lagthing, are not permitetd to propose ordinary legis lation, on the theory that they should remain unprejudiced so as to exercise a judicial revision. Thus bills must origin ate in the odelsthing, which, having passed them, sends them to the lagthing for its approval. The Eighteen Provinces. For administrative purposes Norway Is divided into eighteen counties, or prov inces, which coincide with the diocese of the church, and there is a very close rela tion between the ecclesiastical and the civil authorities. The chief magistrate in each of the counties, nominated by the king, is known as a prefect. His duties are similar to those of the French pre- Judge Seagrave Smith was a good, close player and very much attached to the game. Dr. Kelley is known as a cautious play er who generally holds his own. Of late years his ill health has prevented his weekly attendance on the game. "Silent" Barnard. Dr. Barnard is always a puzzle to the anxious ones who seek to read his mind. He scarcely ever opens his mouth, and be comes so completely absorbed in the game that he is popularly known as "Silent" Barnard. Dr. Barnard learned the game in his early youth down in Maine, where cards were strictly under the ban. His compan ions define his play as the "hay mow" game. Like the Heathen Chinee, his friends can never tell what he has "up his sleeve," but they use that expression only in a figurative sense, for the doctor is, above all, a "square" player. Clement Is Recklen». It Is Ed Clement, who still meets with the club, whose playing is described as reckless. While he often loses heavily, but his plunging quite as often brings him quick affluence. He nearly always loses or wins more than any one else at the table. The aggregate losses ai*l winnings are, of course, immense. Judge Welch recalls that when he cashed in one night he was betweeen $8,000 and $10,000 debtor. Again on the $200 stakes, bje opened with two ■ / rhSa ii>^^^t^y «9 .A a/ iBSS \ I tHßSESiSffissflHFVif Infl fects, although the theory of home rule and self government is carried into each county and each municipality and parish, where every magistrate is responsible to a council elected by the people from among thir own number. They make the THEATERS BILLS OF THE WEEK "SapUo" at the Alphonse Daudet's story, "Sapho," which deals with only one side of Parisian life, is to be presented as the play for the A GOOD closing week of the Pike Theater com- SAPHO. pany's season, begin ning with to-morrow evening's performance. The play as dram atized from the novel by Clyde Fitch attracted considerable attention when played by Olga Nethersole, and was so realistic, with the grosser sort of real ism, that it brought the dramatist into some disrepute. The "Sapho" to be pre sented by the Pike company differs from the Clyde Fitch version as much as it is possible for two versions of a drama to differ when they spring from a common source. It is not the evilly passionate scenes of the book that have been chosen for the dramatic situations, and in this new version the womanly traits of the character of Fanny Le Grand are brought out to the exclusion of much that is mere ly vulgar and sensational. One marked departure from the Fitch version, is that the dramatist has taken care to show how, when the provincial Jean Gaussin falls "ill, it is Fanny Le Grand who nurses him through dangerous illness, giving up all her wild life for the time being and selling all her pretty clothes and fine furniture so that she may be able to. per form her unselfish office of mercy. Thus the play makes it clear, as baudet's novel makes it clear, that the relations between these two are something more than mere voluptousness and selfishness. There is on Jean's side the feeling of gratitude and consideration which he is bound to show for a woman who has done so much for him, and on the woman's side that sense of proprietorship which comes from having hrought a loved object back from the brink of the grave. This illness and these generous feelings—not the lowest animal instincts—are the ties that bind Australian Oyster Farming The wholesale denudation of the leading Australian oyster beds, especially in the eastern states of the commonwealth, where the indiscriminate ravages of fisher men and holiday makers have induced a scarcity of the delicious bivalve in locali ties where it was formerly abundant, has given an impetus to systematic oyster cul ture, more particularly in New South Wales, where it has been brought to some thing like perfection in the vicinity of the Evans river, lying between the Richmond and the Clarence, on the coast north of Sydney. Here, on foreshores leased from the state government, shingles split from felled redwood trees are laid out, to the number of 20,000 during the season. These shingles are twenty-six feet long and eight inches wide and are driven into the soil about six inches obliquely in pairs, each facing, so that when in position they resemble the gable end of a house. The little gables are struck in between low water and half-tide mark in July (the Australian January), so as to be ready for the general fall of spat during the follow ing month. The spat adheres to the un dersides of the shingles in great profusion, and, being shaded from the sun, grows rapidly. When the oysters on these shingles are twelve months old they are removed to low water mark, where they are placed in similar positions, and al lowed to remain there for another year. The wood of the shingles is by that time pretty well drilled by cobbora, and is un fit for longer service. The oysters are then knocked off in deeper water, and in another year are fit for market. The young oysters growing on mangroves, "cobblers' pegs," and stones above half-tide mark are also carefully removed after twelve months' growth, care being taken not to injure the trees or pegs In the process. The "cobblers' pegs," it may be explained. pair—fives and eights. He opened the pot for a considerable sum, and nearly the whole board came in and "saw" him. Some went better. "I retained my position in the pot," said Judge Welch, "and drew one card. It was another five spot. Well, I had them all guessing, and, sir. J Just backed them all off the table, swept the deck, paid my debt and had between $2,000 and $3,000 to the good." J. H. Thompson during his membership, was the official arbiter of the club, and he invariably settled all disputes which arose to the general satisfaction of the assembled company. Judge Sarles is called the "forty niner" of the club, and not without cause. The judge learned the fine points of the game in California, the very cradle of poker, during the gold fever. It takes a strong and daring player to cope with him. Coat Wasn't a Stake. An incident occurred when the game was "on" one night at Dr. Barnard's which Judge Smith had occaseion to re member to his dying day. It was in the winter and Judge Smith wore a handr some fur coat. The judge afterward swore to having hung it up in the hallway as he entered. However, that may be, it is solemnly recorded on the official minutes of that meeting that when the eminent Jurist was about to retire the coat was missing. A sneak thief had evidently taken advantage of the club's complete laws for the magistrate to administer. . Ther are few countries in which the theory of self-government is carried to such an extent as in Norway. The sovereignty of the people is absolute and their rights are jealously guarded. these two together and which serve to make the strongly dramatic situations. The first act shows the ballroom scene in Dechelette's house. The second act is laid at Fanny's home near the forest of M*arne. The third act, entirely new, is laid at the home of Divonne and Cesaire, Jean's childhood home at Chataunef. The fourth and last act shows Fanny Le Grand's home, in the forest of Marne, this time desolate and bare. "Sapho" will be given every night during the week with matinees Wednesday and Saturday. "Lover's Lane," the new Clyde Fitch play, which William A. Brady brings to the Metropolitan for the week beginning Sunday, Aug. 18, is "LOVER'S LANE." a kaleidoscopic play, depicting the humor and sentiment of a small town in Mas sachusetts. Clyde Fitch is a prolific and very successful playwright. He has shown that he knows how to tug at the heart strings one moment and send an audi ence into spasms of merriment the next. And he knows, too, how to speed the sharp tipped shaft of satire. Heretofore he has given costume plays, colonial plays, dramas of romance, and comedies reflect ing the foibles of fashionable life. But "Lover's Lane" is his first endeavor in the ■ form of pastoral play. It has been enormously successful. He has avoided the conventional farm scenes and barn yard effects, and rustic quartets, but has taken the dissensions of the choir and church circle, the persecutions of a gro gressive-minded preacher, the aban don of little children at school play, and a dozen other picturesque ele ments, blending them all into a composite that is said to be photographic in exact ness. William A. Brady, a past master in staging pastoral plays, has contrived a series of admirable stage illusions, and combined a very remarkable company of players, skilled in depicting types of eccentric character. "Lover's Lane" is already running neck and neck with "Way Down East" in popular favor. are curious short woody projections seea in mangrove creeks, apparently growing from the roof that forms a natural catch ment for the spat, which on the Evans riv er, Is carefully protected and nature Is aid ed in every possible way. In places where the tide runs too swiftly ballast stonea are laid from the shore to divert Its cur rent from the oysters. At low water the foreshores of the river present an appear ance of a novel character, and afford am ple evidence of the ingenuity and industry of the lessee. Some of the shingles have as many as 100 oysters in each; but, tak ing the average at 30 to each shingle, 600, --000 oysters would be produced annually from the 20,000 shingles laid out. These would fill 357 bags, which would yield at Sydney market rates £535 approximately, apart from the oysters from other sources. From April to June the oysters are taken from the mangroves, rocks and shingles, and are laid out in the deepest water, and in September the marketable oysters re turn to good condition, and from that month to March they are shipped to Syd ney. In some oyster localities much loss has been occasioned by a disease caused by a small worm which enters the shell when the oyster opens, and which allows mud to get in to the bivalve. The worm constructs a covered way in the shell and lets the mud in, and the oyster, naturally disliking the intruder, proceeds to bury, it with its nacreous shell lining. If there were only one worm to be dealt with, th« trouble would be slight, but there are mil lions, and the oyster spends its energy in. covering the intruders and cramping its own space, while becoming impoverished with the work. Endeavors are being made to discover a remedy. Where the disease does not exist, oyster farming can be eas ily made a remunerative occupation by those possessing the necessary patience and perseverance. . absorption on the game to confiscate the garment. The club as a committee of the whole, had its doubts on that score for after investigating the matter it again went on record as being of the opinion that the coat had been mysteriously spir ited into Dr. Barnard's cellar. Judge Smith never saw the coat again. B. L. Perry is the present "factotum" of the club. He "keeps the money bag" and never misses a meeting. Mr. Laraway is the present president of the club, hav ing been elected to the vacancy caused by the death of Mr. Thompson. The club was organized largely for the benefit of Frank Morse. Mr. Morse was paralyzed in his lower limbs, and as it was difficult for him to get around, his friends organized the club fully as much for his amusement as their own. The majority of the members lived in the same section of the city, and as they met alternately at their respective residfjces, Mr. Morse didn't have far to go when he was not the host. Strongly Opposed to Gambling. No organization could possibly hav^ been more set against gambling. Undei no curcumstances does the club counte nance playing for gain. The club met last Monday at Judg« Welch's residence. The next game will be played at Judge Perry's home. The present members are: O. M. Lara way, B. L. Perry, Major C. B. Heffelfinge* Ed Clement, Dr. A. Barnard, Judge Wil liani Lochren, Dr. E. S. Kelley, S. B. Sarlet and John Harrison. —H. L. K. 17