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THE JOURNAL LUCIAN SWIFT, J. S. McLAIN, MANAGEK. EDITOR. SUBSCRIPTION TERMS Payable to The Journal Printing Co. Delivered by Mail. One copy, one month $0.35 One copy, three months 1.00 One copy, six months 2.00 One copy, one year 4.00 Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.50 Delivered by carrier One copy, one week 8 cents One copy, one month 35 cents Single ccpy 2 cents T II X JOURNAL. In published every eveulus, except Sunday, at 47-49 Fourth Street South, Journal Building. Minneapolis, Minn. C. J. Billson, Manager Foreign Adver tising Department. NEW YORK OFFICE—B6, 87, 88 Tribune building. CHICAGO OFFICE—3O7, 308 Stock Ex change building. CHANGES OP ADDRESS Subscribers ordering addresses of their papers changed must always give their former as well as present address. COXTIXUED All papers are continued until an ex plicit order is received for discontinuance, and until all arrearages are paid. COMPLAINTS Subscribers will pleaae notify the office In every cane that their paper fa not delivered promptly or , the collections not pronitly mude. The Journal is on sale at the news stands of the following hotels: Pittsburg, Pa.—Du Quesne. Salt Lake City, Utah— KnuUford. Omaha, Neb.—Paxton Hotel. Lob Angeles, —Hotel Van Nuys. • Denver, Col.— Bro«*.Vs Palace Hotel. St. Louis, Mo.—Planters' Hotel, Southern Hotel. « Kansas City, Mo.—Coates House. Boston, Mass.—Young's Hotel, United States, Touraine. Cleveland, OLio—Hollenden House, Wertdell House. Cincinnati, Ohio— Hotel. , . Detroit, Mich.—Russell House, Cadillac. Washington, D. C—Arlington Hotel, Ra leigh. Chicago, 111.—Auditorium Annex, Great Northern. New York Imperial, Holland, Murray Hill. Waldorf. Spokane, Wash.—Spokane Hotel. Taeoma, Wash.—Tacoma Hotel. Seattle, Wash.— Hotel. Portland. Oregon—Portland Hotel, Perkins Hotel. Advertisers Prove Circulation. How They Measure Up for July. —« ■«•»■— The Minneapolis Journal Away Ahead as Usual in Amount of Advertising. ;: — m » * — The Figures That Prove It. —* «•» ■♦■— Measurements for July, 1901. Columns Journal—Evening— 27 issues... 885 Tribune—Morning and Evening —27 issues and 4 Sundays 759 Times—Morning—27 issues and 4 Sundays 665 The Journal has the greatest circula tion in the homes of the Northwest of any paper in this section. Advertisers prove it by using it more than an other paper. A Great Woman The life of a woman born to command, as much by virtue of natural endowments as of hereditary rank, went out yesterday afternoon when Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise, the princess royal of England, Frederick, ex-empress of Germany, and dowager empress, breathed her last. Like her husband, the beloved "Unser Fritz," she saw much sorrow and suffering in life and came to accept and act upon his motto, "Learn to suffer without complaining." Opposed and even persecuted by Bis znarck, who wished never to see her in the Beat of power, and who sought to use her own son, the present emperor, as a means of humiliating her, she stood firm against the attacks of the iron chancellor, ever disapproving of his reactionary policy. But ninety-nine days were she and her husband rulers of Germany, and they were days overcast with the shadow of the ap proaching death of the emperor who had with difficulty been kept alive that he might for a short time sit on the throne of his fathers. Then came the years of retirement and suffering under the slow advances of an insidious disease, a dis ease which at the last became extremely painful and so ravaging in its effects upon the empress that she refused herself to her moat intimate friends. Doubtless from her mother, the late queen of England, it was that the Empress Frederick inherited her liberal ideas, her devotion to the common people and her steadfastness. Had her husband long been emperor there would have been some marked changes in German policy, for though Frederick was no weakling, he was dominated by the ideas of his strong and dearly beloved wife. It is from his mother, too, that the present emperor gets his most admirable qualities. Ab long as the Hohenzollerns find such ■women for wives and mothers their race •will not decline. Glfford Plncbot, chief of the bureau of forestry of the department of agriculture, says that he knows no reason why the Ne braska sand hills cannot be covered with white pine forests. Indeed an experi mental plantation made many years ago is reported to have succeeded beyond expec tations. In France the sand dunes of the Landes have been converted into extensive forests with very beneficial results to the surrounding country. Including the effect- ual stoppage of the encroachments of the sand upon fertile lands. If similar re sults can be obtained in the Nebraska sand hills the work of reforestation will be well worth the doing, though it will be a work from which posterity, not the present generation, will profit. St. Paul is planning to erect a monu ment to Dr. Ohage, he who made the baths to blossom on a sandy islet; he who made the children of saintville clean and happy, care-free and dlrtless. Minne apolis is looking around for a man who may deserve a monument at some time in the future. The Horrors of War Increase If the war in South Africa has been hell it will henceforth be a hell of hells. The determination of the British government to abandon what it pleases to call a policy of leniency should deceive no one. It sim ply means that hereafter the rules of civ ilized warfare will not hold in South Africa even to. the small extent they have held of late. Henceforth the war will be one without quarter so long as the Boers try to keep the field. Drum-head court martiale will be the order of the day, prisoners w rill be tried and shot in ten miuutes, "they say" evidence will be sufficient; an accusation will be a con viction. The cause of this greater severity on the part of the British is to be found in the Boer atrocities at Vlakfontein where wounded prisoners were killed and in the more recent shooting of native scouts in the employ of the British. But there have been sins against the rules of war on both sides and no man can tell where the primary responsibility lies. If the Boers have killed wounded and shot native scouts the British have been burning farm houses, often for no other reason than that the owners were in service with the Boer forces. The official British return gives the number of farm houses burned from the beginning of the war to January, 1901, as 634. It was to these facts that Mr. Cham berlain referred in the house of commons yesterday when he said that the policy of house-burning had been abandoned. But who can tell what appetite for re venge, what vindictive cruelty, what un dying hatred of the invaders was first aroused by the harsh and foolish policy of burning isolated farm houses, rarely with any adequate cause either in the way of punishment or injury to the enemy's base of supplies. Sometimes houses were burned because they were near places where telegraph lines were cut; sometimes the torch was applied because the owners who were on commando did not come in and surrender after having been notified that if they did not do so their houses would be burned. That the destruction of houses, as reported and explained by the British themselves, is contrary to ell ac cepted laws of war is demonstrated by a writer the in current Forum who tells of "Pacification by Arson." Added to the sins of the British are the horrors of the reconcentration camps where so-called "refugees" are herded together in a most Insanitary manner, poorly fed and poorly equipped against the weather and left to die as rapidly as possible. But whether the greater offense rest with Boer or Briton, it Is not to be dis puted that the war In South Africa is now taking on a more ferocious aspect; retaliation will beget retaliation, and henceforth |t will be "war to the knife and the knife to the hilt" and cruelties unutterable will be committed on both sides. Booker T. Washington will be remem bered and honored by men of the white race as well as by men of the colored long after Pitchfork Tillman's name sinks into the ignominious oblivion to which civili zation will surely consign it. Zelaya's Wisdom President Zelaya, of the republic of j Nicaragua, in his message to the Nicara- ! guau congress, yesterday, dwelt with! much force upon the necessity of main- j taining cordial relations with the United j States, which he characterized as "the i head of our continent" and that "grand j republic of the United States with the! Monroe doctrine on its forehead, the grand international principle that forbids Euro pean colonization on American soil." He j dwelt also upon the advantages accruing i to his republic through the construction of the Nicaraguan canal. It is to be regretted that all the Span ish American republics do not realize, as Zelaya seems to realize, the protecting power and good will of our government. The United States came to their aid when as yet they were scarcely out of the fangs j of old Spain with its mediaeval tyrannies I and hatred of popular freedom. It has' been nearly eighty years since the birth of the Monroe doctrine. When the "Holy Alliance" in 1823, proclaimed its purpose to crush popular liberty in Europe and Bourbonize the thrones, and pledged itself to help Spain reclaim her revolted Ameri can colonies, the Monroe doctrine first saw light in the answer of Secretary of State John Quincy Adams to the Russian minister at Washington, that "we should contest the right of Russia to any terri torial establishments in this continent; and that we should assume distinctly the principle that the American continents are no longer subjects for any new European colonial establishments." President Monroe, four months after ward, put the same doctrine in this shape: "The American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have as sumed and maintain, are henceforth Dot to be considered as subject for future colonization by any European power." In the remaining portion of the message this position was strictly emphasized so that Europe could not mistake the purpose of our government to resist the extension of the European political system "to any portion of 'either continent." ' The Spanish-American republics have all along enjoyed the advantages of this declaration. They have seen how, in the case of the French occupation of Mexico to establish an Austrian prince on an Im perial throne, our government gave a sharp warning to Napoleon 111 and com pelled the withdrawal of the French troops from Mexican soil. The doctrine is vital to-day, as President Zelaya says. Eut a large number of Spanish-American republics were undisguised in their sym pathy with their old, cruel master Spain, during our recent war with that power In behalf of Cuba, and so little do they ap preciate the value of our protection em bodted in the Monroe doctrine that last year they sent delegates to Madrid to form a commercial pact with the Spanish gov THE MINNEAPOLIS JOUENAL. ernment, inveigled thither by the insin cere appeals of the decrepit old harridan. The United States w#s the first to recog nize their independence and promote their dvelopment and defend thir rights when threatened with war. Some day, when their revolutionary tendenpies give place to calm reasoning powers, they will appre ciate the value of the service performed for them by the United States. Value of a Forest Reserve Secretary of Agriculture Wilson is on record in favor of a forest reserve at the head waters of the Mississippi. He says the river will eventually dry up if the for ests are removed from the sources of the streams that feed it. It is possible that we are really much nearer to a realization of hopes in this direction thai* now ap pears superficially. The senate commit tee on Indian affairs is going to visit the Minnesota Indian reservations next month, and will take up consideration of the forest reserve question along with others. This committee should be fortified to resist the appeal of some of the town site boomers for the immediate opening of all the reservation lands for settle ment. As long as the government re tains title to the Indian lands a forest re serve is possible. Once they have passed to private possession it will be impossible, except at great expense of money and effort. According to the Washington corre spondent of the New York Evening Post, Minnesota is the banner periodical pro ducing state of the country. The state doubled its output between 1860 and 1870; more than doubled it between 1870 and 1880, and doubled it again between 18S0 and 1890, in which time the circulation of periodicals increased 450 per cent. If reading does what it Is supposed to do, Minnesota should be a little fuller than any other state in the union. Where Facts Are Troublesome The St. Paul Globe quotes The Jour nal's citation of the inconsistency of Senator Tillman in dwelling with impas sioned eloquence upon the alleged wrongs of the poor Filipino while denying the Jeffersonian principles of equality, by de priving the colored man of his right to vote and accuses The Journal of Inconsistency. In effect, it claims that it is no worse to disfranchise the negro than the Filipino. Probably not, except that the colored man has guaranteed to him the right under the constitution, while the Filipino has no such guaranty But there is no inconsistency in the criti claim of Senator Tillman, because the Filipinos are not denied the right of suffrage. On the contrary, suffrage is ex pressly extended to them on a variety of subjects, and it is the purpose of the gov ernment to extend the scope of suffrage as rapidly as possible. And this is to a people unaccustomed to the exercises of suffrage; the policy of the government represents the idea of educating these people up to the exercise of self-govern ment, whereas Mr. Tillman's policy, which he says is pure democracy, is just in the other direction. It is to eliminate the colored man from the political situation entirely and remove him from the scene as a political factor. It will hardly do for the advocates of negro dlsiranchisement to undertake to defend their position by reference to anything in the history of politics in Porto Rico or the Philippines. The facts are against them. The chairman of the public affairs com mittee of the Commercial Club calls at tention to the fact that there are rail roads which treat Minneapolis fairly and which are ready to stand by the city now, and then asks what advice or suggestion the business men to whom his letter is addressed have to offer as to the best, way to handle this controversy with the Omaha road. Mr. Hall is very adroit. As sensible men, what could they suggest except what is so strongly impliled in his letter. He says there are roads which are ready to stand by Minneapolis and have done so in the past. What else can the business men of Minneapolis do but stand by them? The Omaha railroad management is simply inviting and pre paring for a demonstration of the fact that Minneapolis is of vastly more im portance to the road than the road is to Minneapolis, after which the Omaha will be glad to do the square thing. There can be but one outcome if the business men of Minneapolis mean business. No terms of denunciation are severe enough for the proposition which comes from Hawaii that Filipino prisoners of war shall be hired out by the government to the Hawaiian planters for use on their estates. The proposition is so essentially barbarous, so close an approach to slavery, that it seems incredible that anybody should have fathered it. But it is notice able that the demand for labor in all warm countries is so insistent that it breeds a moral callousness in the em ployers. Trade and Tariffs Senator Cullom, who has recently seen the president at Canton, said in Chicago yesterday that general tariff legislation next winter is improbable, but he thought "some of the pending commercial treaties ought to pass the senate." Other gentle men, who have visited the president, say that he is devoting a considerable portion of his vacation to the formulation of poli cies for his administration, and one of these policies is reciprocity. Senator Cullom, no doubt, discussed reciprocity with the president when in Canton. The president is very fully committed to the policy of reciprocal trade and he has a too sound business instinct not to perceive that the European movement to shut us out of trade with European coun tries and their dependencies by high tariffs, will necessarily affect our foreign trade more or less, and that reciprocal trade treaties_or the adoption of minimum and maximum tariff duties present the only means by which our growing trade with those coutnries may be continued and strengthened. Take the German tariff, recently formu lated, and to be voted on by the relch stadt. It raises duties enormously on breadstuffs and provisions and on almost every article exported to Germany from this country. Last year we took from Germany $100,293,€66 worth of goods, and we exported thither goods to the amount of $191,072,262. Our export of raw cotton alone foots up from $65,000,000 to $75,000, --000 a year, and wheat and wheat flour about $10,000,000, and lard about $14,000, --000. There is some doubt about the passage Ivory Mine in the Klondike Denver News. John F. McQuillan, an old-time Colorado mining man, who has made and lost several fortunes in the principal camps of the state, is in the city on his way to Washington where he expects to consult with Thomas Wilson regarding a most remarkable discov ery which Mr. McQu'illan has made In Alaska. He went to the far north In search of gold, but instead stumbled acrobs a de posit of ivory which he considers of equal value to any placer in the Klondike region. Thomas Wilson is one of the anthropolog ical experts employed by the government and is regarded as one of the leading scientists of the world. Mr. McQuillan desires his advice concerning the disposal of not only the ivory but of a great number of gigantic skeletons which are located In the same place and which would be of Incalculable value to the museums of the country. Mr. McQuillan's story of his find is of reniark j able interest. •'I have mined In all parts of the western hemisphere," said he yesterday, as he lounged in the lobby of the Albany Hotel. "Thirty years ago I washed the sands of the Tipuani river, in Bolivia, for gold, and I was among the first to penetrate to California. A com panion and I cleaned up $15,000 there before the great rush began and before lode min ing was attempted. I was one of the early pecting about 200 miles west of what is nu.^ birds in the Alaska Kold fields. While pros known as the Klondike I fell in with a tribe of Indians which was greatly scattered. I observed that all the redskins had great quantities of ivory. Their rings, earrings, knives and little goods were all made of the material. Their totem poles were also of ivory. One in particular which I noticed was the tribal pole and stood twenty-five feet high. The ivory in It was of remark able quality. I was told that it had been in the tribe for many years, in fact longer than the oldest tribesman cculd remember. It was covered with strange hieroglyphics. I endeavored to ascertain where they secured the ivory, but they refused to divulge the secret. After a time I lost track of the In dians and thought no more of the matter. Last fall I was in the Klondike. I determined to return to this country overland and do some prospecting on the way. The task was more than I had anticipated, and after I had progressed perhaps 400 miles I found that my provisions were almost exhausted and my physical strength was ebbing away. At this critical period I stumbled across my old friends the Indians with the ivory. They had established a winter camp and received me kindly. I had a well developed case of inflammatory rheumatism and would undoubtedly have perished had it not been for their ministrations. "The head chief of the camp was Tezu mand, v.-hich means ivory man. He was a good friend of mine, and in response to my inquiries told me that his men were in the habit of journeying to a distant point once a year where there was a great mine of j ivory. He promised that with the opening of ! spring he would permit me to accompany him jto the mine. We started in February on dog of the new German tariff, but if the agra rian element succeed in putting it through, it will cut down our trade considerably. Among the treaties not acted on by the senate was one Mr. Kasson had negotiated with Russia, which would have given us the advantage of minimum duties on our products. The French reciprocity treaty, which was unacted upon, would have given us the same advantage, and France is still ready to trade on that basis with us. In the case of Germany she is fool ish enough to construct a tariff which will surely make dear food for her people, for she has short crops of breadstuffs and is not likely to get much from Russia, for Russia has painfully short wheat and rye crops this year, and will not have much to export. Heretofore Russia has Imported nearly all her agricultural machinery and dredg ing machinery from the United States. Under her new tariff, in retaliation for the placing of a countervailing duty upon her bounty-fed sugar by our government, she has advanced the duties on these and other articles we sell to her. As to Cuba, tariff modifications are cer tainly necessary if we are to wreat from Europe the Cuban trade she has secured, now quite extensive. De Abad, commis sioner for the economic associations of Cuba, in a recent interview on the sub ject of commercial reciprocity, said that the island ought to be regarded as part of the economic system of the United States in order to receive permanent ad vantage through its relations to the United States, such as a reciprocity treaty would give. Under such system, he said there is no doubt the imports from the United States would reach 75 per cent or more. He, of course, advocates the admission here of Cuban sugar free of duty s like Porto Rican sugar, or, at least, with a small or nominal duty. This'proposition is opposed by the beet sugar industry of this country, which will produce, accord ing to expert estimates, about 77,000 tons of beet sugar this year. The Louisiana cane sugar crop will yield about 270,000 tona, the Hawaiian Islands 296,000 tons, and Porto Rico, 81,000 tons. The Cuban sugar crop this year is estimated to be 600,000 tons, but in good years it has some times aggergated a million tons, and this production can be trebled if there is suf ficient demand. Cuba can supply the entire demand of the United States for sugar, at present, but the demand for sugar Increases rapid ly. The beet sugar interest naturally op poses free Cuban sugar, but the annexa tion of Cuba by the United States is one of the Inevitable processes of the future, and ultimately it will be merged In our economic system and its sugar product will be regarded with no more antagonism than is the opening of a new section of the union to cotton or coal or wheat or iron production. One of the most interesting facts brought to light by the attention which has recently been turned to the American invasion of England is that England has utterly failed, after many trials, to pro duce a single successful typewriter or typewriter manufactory. Whether It be that the Americans had secured an Im pregnable position before J. Bull woke up or because the English workman is not equal to the task, the American type writer to-day prevails in all English offices from the railroads to the' governmental departments. The Boston Transcript has been doing some preaching about the vanity, monot ony, staleness and weariness of public processions. Generally speaking, the Transcript is eminently right. Nobody has ever yet been able to explain why some men will consent to march in the ordinary civic parade and why others have any interest in watching them. But the Transcript never saw the surgeon-general of the toy staff of the governor of Minne sota astride a noble charger in a parade, or it would allow some exceptions to its remarks. Never has it been the Tran script's fortune to see the great North Star medico-politico warrior prancing up the street on a livery horse, while, with hat in hand, he acknowledges with stately bows and sweeping gestures the joshing sleds. Our progress was distressingly slow. Our route lay over a desolate country barren of vegetation. The cold was intense. The Indians did- not seem to mind it, but I suf fered greatly. We finally reached the coast range of mountains, and as we penetrated into the hills our difficulties increased. One morning Tezumand announced that we were near the mine and that I must submit to being blindfolded as he did not desire that I should be able to reveal the location of the precious deposit to my paleface friends. I complied and we journeyed on. Along in the afternoon the sled stopped and the ban- ] dage was removed from my eyes. We were in a deep gulch with overhanging walls covered with snow and ice. Without loss of time the Indians began clearing away a huge pile of brushwood and before evening they had revealed the first of the ivory. The brush served to fill a huge pit which must have been twenty feet deep, one hundred feet long and fifty feet wide. In the bottom and from the sides great curving tusks of ivory protruded. They were from fifteen to twenty feet long and so heavy that two men were require! to lift one. They were attached to huge skeletons, but were easily broken away. Occasionally we would find a tusk which had been driven into the skeleton of another mas todon, for such they must have been. "I made a close examination and came to the determination that we were on the scene of a titanic conflict between the monsters known as arctic mastodons. Some had un doubtedly died while battling for the su premacy of the herd, while the majority had probably penetrated into the gulch and per ished in some way which it would be difficult to account fc \ It was hard to determine the exact extent of the deposit, but I do not be lieve that anything like It exists elsewhere In the world. My Indian friends took a small amount, apparently not appreciating its com mercial value, and wants. I loaded up 1,000 pounds and succeeded in bringing it to this country and disposed of it on the coast. "I am now on my way to Washington to or ganize a party to return to Alaska and thor oughly develop the field. The skeletons alone will be of great value. I brought home some of the teeth I took from the skeletons and several tufts of reddish hair, and I have been assured that they came from animals of the glacial period. I am confident that I will not experience any difficulty in locat ing the deposit, and as it is about 200 miles from the seacoast it should be possible to bring the ivory to salt water and ship it thence to the United States." Mr. McQuillan visited the assay oiflce of G. E. Alexander, at 1736 Champa, and ex amined some of the bones on exhibit there and pronounced them very similar to those he had found. Mr. Alexander secured his collection while visiting in Alaska. The arctic elephant or mammoth ranged over the northern continent during the glacial pdriod and was about three times as large as the modern elephant. It had long curv ing tusks and soft red fur. The commercial demand for ivory bas been supplied to a great extent from Alaska, and it is probable that Mr. McQuillan has discovered a more than usually large deposit. comments of the crowd taken by him to be murmurs of admiration. Fre.HFaCs Either the Dcs r ™7, Fresh Facts Lfeader hag a joker on lts Regarding *taft* or some American wag "Jlf. / c Col. abroad has been filling a _ ' ## * French journalist full to Bryan tl^e earg _ The story appears In the Dcs Moines paper and is of the char acter that Is -"almost too good to be true." The French pencilleur in the story asks his American "friend something about •'Monsieur le Colonel- Bryan," whose fame has pene trated even into the interior cities of France. Eager to impart information the westerner tells the Journalist how "M. le Colonel Bryan first came Into fame as one of the strange, half-savage band of cowboys who roamed over the far west fighting the Indians and wild beasts." The genial liar goes on to tell his ; interested friend how, "imitating, per haps, the custom of the Indian chiefs, each of the cowboys bore a nickname based on some of his exploits as a hunter or fighter. Thus M. le Colonel Bryan's title among his rough- but brave and sturdy, comrades "was ! Silver Bill, the dead shot. After the treaty of p*«ce was sighed with the Indians at Chicago in 1896, Colonel Bryan went out of the cattle-business and became one of the bonanza farmers of the west. ,He can now sit on his back stoop, as the rear veranda is called in America, and look over his fields of corn stretching farther than the eye can reach in every direction." Even this is not enough. That Infernal American scoundrel, without cracking a smile, goes on to tell how 'as a result of his early training on the plains, where he spent months at a time without an opportunity of talking to another human being, the candi date for president is extremely taciturn and can hardly be persuaded to express his opin ion on the issues of the campaign." As to the Nebraskan's abilities as an author, the foreigner is informed that M. le Colcnel "is the author of a book of adventure called 'The Firat Battle,' in which some of hi» encounters with the Indians of the Tam many and other tribes are described at length." But there is a power at work in our politics that will offset M. le Colonel's machinations. This is told in a nutshell ns follows: In the effort to partially neutralize the strength of M. le Colonel among the cow boys and Indians, who make up the largest part cf the voting population west of the Allegheny mountains, the republicans have nominated M. le Roosevelt for vice-president. M. le Roosevelt is one of the leading cow boys in America, and is especially famous for once having vanquished a grizzly bear in a single combat. During the present cam paign, M. le Colonel Roosevelt has ridden a series of horses all over the country, giving exhibitions of rough riding such as were seen in Paris a year or more ago under the direction of another American statesman. The historian neglected to mention the cele brated handspring, sometimes known as "le flip-flop," turned by M. le Towne of Dulut' and the influence it Is expected to exert on the voting population of Manitoba and the extreme northwest, nor Is any mention made of an alleged surgical operation for appendicitis, an operation of almost international interest, that Surgeon General Ames of Minnesota is anxious to perform upon the person of his uncle. Tbese minor matters, however, could hardly be touched on in a brief newspaper article. An inch of rain does not sound like very much but it means 100 tons of water to the acre. If the farmer had to pump it and carry it out to the fields, he would have more respect for the ways of providence. lowa has one of those Joyful occasions to morrow known as a political state conven tion. Various correspondents have made up the slate weeks in advance at $-1 per column, but it still seems tecessary to meet. The vice president is out hunting the coyote, eighteen miles from Colorado Springs. Reports from the Utah line tell of a heavy migration of coyotes westward pending vice presidential activity. Many unprofessional scientists doubt if kerosene oil will exterminate mosquitoes. It has been at work on the new hired girl for several decades and she is still here. John D. Rockefeller is going to build a mar ble palace to cpst $1,000,000. No wonder J. D. keeps rich. He has land enough to raise his own vegetables. . The park board is expecting a deficit. The way in which the small boy is being "frisked" at Calhoun out to pull the board out of the hole. Chicago Is going to have a department store which, like the baby's countenance, is open all night Look out for midnight bargain sales. If we can be licked by St Joseph, Misery, it 1b nearly time to retire from the national game. Luxuriant South Dakota Grai*. . :,■'■ 5,4 Sioux Falls Argus-Leader. South Dakota will become during the next year still more ; supreme as the home of the cattle« industry. While the ranges of Kan sas and : Missouri and Nebraska are burned up, while the pasturage is gone and the •wa ter streams dry . and fodder too costly for feeding,\ our ranges were never in better condition. Not for many, years has the grass on the gr«at range west of the Missouri been 'so luxuriant, a«v«r has \ water b««a so plen tiful. TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 6, 1901. jlus^fc i^- Copyright, 1901, by M. McC.-Williams. Marina had been highly wrought all day. The thing which for a year she had vaguely dreaded had taken shape and substance. Her mother had said to her at the breakfast table, looking up from a letter as she spoke: "Ma rina, Major Galton writes he will be here soon, and when he leaves, hopes he can take you with him as his wife." Marina had protested proudly—then it had all come out. Major Galtou was her dea<l father's fried, and once upon a time had saved him from ruin. How, she did not quite understand—but there was the fact. So her father had left his daughter and his for tune to his old-time friend. If the daughter accepted his choice, she was to share equally in the fortune; if she rebelled, she was to be cut off with a bare annuity, just sufficient to save her from want. "Why was I never told?" Marina demanded bitterly. "Why was I kept in this fool's par adise?" Her mother had looked away as she answered, with a little wan smile. "Because, my dear, we wanted your girlhood to be su premely happy. Believe me, if one does not have a taste of paradise then, she is apt to miss it always." And then she had taken Marina in her arms, and talked to her as the mothers of only children alone know how to talk. After that, somehow, the day had worn Itself peace fully away, until sunset. Marina smiled as she heard the boom of the sunset gun in the fort ten miles off—then supddenly frowned and caught her breath. The gun had brought vividly to memory some one it was now her duty to forget. Only an artillery lieutenant, with nothing but his grit and his lieutenant's pay, withal so finely sensitive to social dif ferences he had never done more than look his love for Marina, the supposed heiress of millions. But Marina was not the least In doubt—Ned Bulkley, poor lad, had wonder fully expressive eyes. When her mother went away to prayer meeting and the enticing moonrays drew Ma rina herself out to the very furthest edge of the garden, she thought continuously of Ned—so steadily, indeed, that when he came to her through the shrubbery she was not in the least startled. "I'm so miserably happy I had to come to you," he called as soon as he caught sight of her. "I—l, you see, we're ordered away to the east, you know—" "Upon my word!" 1 Marina said, lifting her chin to look severely at him. "I suppose it does not occur to you how affronted all of us have the right to be that you are so glad to get away from us?" "You know It is not that!" Ned protested, softly pressing her hand. He bent and laid his lips to it, adding in a smothered voice: "Miserably happy iv the strict truth in my case. I want to go—a soldier always wants his chance—but—but I shall leave the best part of myself behind—ln your keeping." Marina's free hand went over his lips. "You must listen a little," she said, very softly. "We are just like people in a story book. Things always go contrary in story books. Just as we have found out how we love each other, I have found also I am in honor bound to marry Major Galton. No, you must not kiss me—that would not be fair to him—" Ned let her hands fall and stood back a pace. His face was white, but he spoke evenly enough. "At least you"ll go with me for a last ride," he said. Marina clapped her Daily New York Letter BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL, No. 21 Park Row, New York. Highest Bidder Got It. Aug. 6. —Tammany Hall has always been regarded as a sort of philanthropic institution by the people of New York. Its charities are numerous and never of small caliber and many there are who daily rise up and cali its name blessed. The latest of those to be favored by the Tammany organization is the Sanitary Utilization company, which has just been awarded a five-year contract to remove the garbage from the borough of Manhattan at $232,000 per annum. Several other com panies made bids for the same work. During the last five years it bas been done by this same Sanitary Utilization company at a cost to the city of only $59,000 per annum. With this figure as a basis the competing com panies, making allowance for the natural in crease in the quantity of garbage to be re moved, entered bids ranging from $50,000 to $112,000 less per annum than that entered by the successful company. Unfortunately for them,, however, the very smallness of their bids was the cause of their undoing. No company willing to dispose of one thousand tons of garbage a day at $120,000 per annum could possible be in serious need of assistance from Trmmany. Such a garbage concern must assuredly be a Croesus parading in mendicants' rags. And it would be incon sistent with Tammany's reputation for im partial philanthropy to assist the lowest bid der, that is, the one which was least In need. Westbound Freight Rates. demoralization in westbound freight rates, a condition invariably occurring every spring, is likely soon to be made impossible once and for all. This desideratum is to be effected in all probability by the abolition of the offices of import agent. These agents are the foreign representatives of American railroads, and their duties are to contract with European shippers for the carrying of merchandise im ported into the United States. Being far away from home and not within easy dis tances of the main offices they represent, it is difficult to exercise much control over them, especially in the matter of executing contracts ahead for the carrying of goods which may not move for months after the contracts have been made. In their anxiety to secure contracts the import agents begin by splitting their 10 per cent commission with the foreign shippers, following which a complete demoralization in freight rates sel dom fails to occur. As a result of this state of affairs there has been appointed a com mittee representive of all the railroads with terminals at any harbor between Portland, Me., and Norfolk, Va., which will convene in this city on Sept. 5, and its members will then report the results of their Investigations into the subject. Should the plan to abolish Import agencies be approved by the com mittee, an association of the railroads will be formed and operated on principles some what similar to those of the immigration bureau, and It is expected that this will afford the desired relief. Htranjje Marriage Ideas. Trips of from 3,000 to 10,0000 miles for the purpose of wedding one's betrothed have ceased to be very unusual occurrences in this day of railroads and steamships, but 10,000 --mile journeys made for the sole purpose of securing release from a religious obligation to wed one's already married brother-in-law are even now rather Incredible performances. Yet that Is exactly "what Mrs. Golda Lacs, a Roumanian Jewess from Bucharest, has done. According to the old Jewish law, when a woman's husband dies before issue of mar riage the deceased man's brother is compelled to marry his brother's wife in order "to raise up children to the dead man." There- HUMOROUS SIGHTS ON A FLORIDA OSTRICH FARM Down In Florida they have an ostrich farm which is a decidedly interesting place to visit. The accompanying picture is taken from a photograph, of "Corbet," an ostrich which has been broken to the saddle. This wiry bird weighs somewhere around 250 pounds, and with neck erect, stands about 8 feet high. His young rider, you will notice, keeps his Beat by firmly grasping the two wings of ths bird. The gait of the ostrich is a lumbering sort of a jog trot, which becomes delightfully easy when the bird is traveling fast. Un hampered with a rider and traveling with the wind this muscular creature can out strip any horse. The ostrich Is as ferocious as he Is stupid, and his keeper has to exer cise constant care, for one kick from this untamable creature is almost certain dtath. AT the FULL ft -ft ' * of the Mdrtlt* MOON MS Cull*ck Williams hands softly. "The very thing!" she said. "A knight and lady riding through a worl< enchanted. You will not speak, will not evei sigh, and I shall ride beside you until w< meet some living thing—then the spell wil be broken." Half an hour later they Vere gallopln( madly down the high road. It ran straight way toward the station, which lay five mile< off. Midway the distance the road curved so sharply there was danger in making thi turn at full speed, even with a kind and well-bitted horse. But these two had no feai of it. Nothing in the battery could touch Musket, Ned's black charger. Bonnybell, Marina's mare, went like the wind, and knew and answered his mistress' every mood. Side by side the good beasts tore along, nei ther gaining nor losing. A mile from thi start Ned held up his hand entreatlngly. "1 want to know," he said In answer to Ma rina's gracious nod, "what we shall do when we are disenchanted." "We must wait and see," Marina said, tranquilly. They were at the turn. Marina dashed around it first with a little exultant cry. Ned made to follow her—then all at once reined in his horse so sharply he flung the beast upon its haunches—he had almost ridden down another man, who came facing them at their own speed. The new-comer rode t big black—a hard-headed, vicious brute. Ned knew it as the terror of the village livery. Snorting, the black horse shied violently, half unseating his rider, then reared and be gan to plunge back and forth, shaking him self between plunges. Ned knew instantlj that unless he himself went to the rescu* the other man was as good as dead. He leaped down and sprang to the black'i bit. The brute leaped sidewise, then, open mouthed, charged straight at him. Ned sprang lightly aside, clutching at the loom swinging rein as he leaped. As his hand closed upon it he drew it ao short It gave the black the full force of the curb. With a loud, shrill squeal the animal reared so sud denly Ned was snatched off his feet and swung In air. Wheeling, the horse struck out rapidly with his forefeet. But his ridet had not been passive. Some way he had got back In the saddle, groped for the bridle and shouted: "Let go! Let go. The beast will kill you!" As the last word left his lips Ned fell heavily and lay inerf. One* iron-shod hoof had struck him full in the breast. The strange horseman sprang down and knelt be side him. As Marina came galloping back she heard him say: "Poor lad! Poor lad! So young and happy! He had better have let me die in his place." She, too, knelt down, and knelt upon the other side, saying, clearly: "You are wrong, Major Galton. It is best so. This," bend ing to kiss the white face, "is the man I love. Bat I am going to marry you." The battery went to the orient without lta junior lieutenant. He was not quite dead, though for weeks he lay in the shadow of the valley. When he came back to himself, toward Christmas time, he found that he had earned promotion. It was not brevet rank, either —he was to be Marina's husband, with the full emoluments of that position. Major Galton took over the fortune with one hand and gave It back with the other. But he comes still very often to Berry Brae, Ma rina's hame—so often tlwrt Marina herself begins to look significantly at her mother when she mentions his name. fore, when the husband of Mrs. Lacs died there was nothing for her to do hut marry her brother-in-law, Samuel Lacs, of this city. But this was impossible in this country at least, because Samuel was already possessed of one wife. Besides, Samuel doubtless thought one wife a plemy. His Bister-ln law's proposal was consequently rejected though the religious obligation to marry her remained in statu quo. Not wishing to be bound where marriage was impossible, Mrs. Lacs decided to make the trip to this country in order to effect an annulment of the obliga tion. The ceremony of disclaimer has Just been performed by a Jewish rabbi and "sen ators" in this city, according to the laws cf the Talmud, and Mrs. Lacs will leave for Roumanla a free -woman, In the course of the next few days. Automobile Endurance Tonr. One hundred automobiles of various kinds will start in the endurance tour of the Auto mobile club of America from New York to Buffalo on Sept. 9. At a recent meeting of the board of directors of the club this flguro was given as a conservative estimate by the contest committee, while it is even probable that more entries will be made. A surveyor has been employed to go over the proposed course with cyclometers and gradometers. and a huge map is now being prepared by him, showing various short detour* from the main route to avoid bad atretchea of road The task for selecting sites for the sign posts between New York and Albany has been completed and forty-seven posts at turns in the main route are to be erected at once. Arrangements will also soon be completed for the placing of controls, or checking sta tions, en route, along with designation of headquarters at the various stopping places. One of the important changes in the route recommended by the surveyor and adopted by the contest committee is taat of holding the hill-climbing contest on Nelson hill, between Sing Sing and Peekskill, and not near Little Palls, as was at first proposed. Nelson hill Is a steep grade nearly two miles In length and should afford an excellent course for a test of the relative powers of endurance' of the various vehicles. At the conclusion of the endurance tour It Is believed that the values of the different types of auto-vehicles for road purposes will be dearly established. To Slnff Hl« Way Home. Accompanied by a stout woman tea years his senior, Har.s yon Koerber, 30 years old, who claims to be the disowned «on of Ernest yon Koerber, prime minister of Austria and favorite of the Austrian emperor, has been singing his way Into the hearts of the New York public in the cheap restaurants of this city, and incidentally passing around his hat for the collection of funds with which to enable himself, wife and compacioac to return to the "old countrr." Every evening, for the last few days, Heir Ooerber has been making: an Itinerary of the cafes with his wife and four other companions and trilling sweet German ditties for th delectation of the swillers of German beer and black coffee. The necessity for this profession, Herr Koer ber says, was occasioned by his marriage to his stout elderly companion, Mario Kiessel. the Tyrolean yodler, who was once well known in Vienna. To tMs the Austrian prime minister, his father, objected so vehemently that he not only stopped his allowance but drove him out of the Austrian army In the most fashionable command of which yon Koerber was a lieutenant; and also publicly disowned him. Last spring the party came to this country to sing at the Pan-American exposition at Buffalo, but owing to some misunderstanding the plen fell through, in consequence of which they became stranded In this city. These public concerts are to* sequel. —if. N. A. He strikes straight out, and wltb his claws can tear a man to ribbons. Ostriches swallow tbeir food without chew ing, and If you wish to dbnumstrate this feed him half a doaen oranges In rapid succession. You will plainly see a series of bulges la his neck as they go down. Twelve Vi-hih Per Plop. Brooklngs, S. D., Press. The democratic conventions thia year are indorsing the republican view of the Kan sas City platform. The democratic party al ways sets around to repudiate Itself if given time. The B. A B. State. Brooklngs, S. D., Press. Minnesota thinks she is entitled to be called the "bread and butter" stats. Ohio Is Uu pie state.