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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
PKIOE TWO CENTS. CUMMINS ON THE FIRST Dcs Moines Man Stronger To-day Than Yesterday. HERRIOTT PULLS OUT Big Bunch of His Support Breaks With the Machine. LATTER HAS THE COMMITTEES Convention Proceeding* This Fore soon of a Cut and Orieil Order. From ft Staff Correspondent. Cedar Rapids, lowa, Aug. 7.—John T T. riott withdrew from the gubernatorial race ftnd nearly all of his ninth district strength will go to Cummins, ensuring his nomination, on the first or second bal lot. Herrlotfs withdrawal was made necessary by the bolt last night in hiß district. When the delegates learned that Hftrrlm&a had been selected as the anti- Cummins candidate, fifty-six Herriott delegates from the ninth caucused and decided to go to Cummins in a body. This left Herriott less than seventy-five votes, and knocked the bottom out of his candidacy. Thomas Way. Cummins' manager, saifi at 10 o'clock that he had no doubt of Cummins' nomination on the first ballot. The steering committee will not concede defeat. They will go down fighting. Herriott still refuses to deliver his dele gates to Cummins, but it is reported that the Cummins forces will name Herriott for second place in spite of his objec tions. In the district caucuses this morning the anti-Cummins people carried six out of the eleven districts and will control the committees, including the state central committee. Committees were selected as follows: AutLa Control Committee*. Resolutions—First, C. A. Carpenter, Colum bus Junction; second, George M. Curtis, Clin toc; third, W. H. Torbert, Dubuque; fourth, W. J. Springer, New Hampton; fifth, J. W. Doxsee, Monticello, sixth. Dr. J. A. Rigged, What Cheer; seventh, T. A. Chesline. Dcs Molnes; eignth, M. L. Temple, Osceola; ninth, .Jcxieph Junkinß, Red Oak; tenth, George E. Roberts. Fort Dodge; eleventh, A. B. Funk, Spirit Lake. Credentials—Judge Wm. Logan. Keokuk; J. R. Lane, Davenport; M. W. Harmon, Inde pendence; W. L. Converse, Cresco; 11. J. To bin, Vinton; L. W. Simmons. Ottumwa; Ed Nichols, Perry; Lewis Miles, Corydon; L. W. Houkins Guthrie Center; Thomas D. Healy, Fort Dodge; E. C. "Roach, 1 Rdck'Rapids. Permanent Organisation—J. S. McKenney, Fatrfield; John Hughes, Jr., WMlarnsburg; Ed Madlgan, Clarksvllle; H. J. Green, Deco rah; E. C. McMllUn, Marshalltovrn; J. W. Ballou. Albtm; J. A. King, Nevada; L. C. Me- 1 than-i, Ceotsrvllle; K. H. Walt^js, Council Bluffs; Joe H. Richards, Webater City; Geo. E. Bowers, Orange City. State Central Committee—H. O. Weaker, "Wapello; E. M. Sargent, Grundy Center; R. W. Oayton, Oskaloosa; J. D. Whisenani, Dcs Melnes; S. X. Way, Wesley. Outlook for Thl» Afternoon. The opposition cannot outflgure Cum mins. Harriman will hardly command 600 votes. The bitter fight will come shortly after the recess. The credentials committee, selected thia morning in dis trict caucuses, is anti-Cummins. Cum mins carried the second, seventh, ntnth, tenth aad eleventh districts, six being swung by the machine. The sixth district was anti-Cummins by four votes. The majority report of the credentials committee will unseat thirty-four Cum mins delegates. The other five members of the <*.ommlttee will present a minority report, which the Cummins forces con fidently predict will win on the floor. If it does, it will be Cummins on the first ballot. The morning proceedings were on the cut-and-dried order, there being no thance for a vote or contest of any kind. There was an amusing diversion when a tolored quartet inquired: "Who built the »rk?" A delegate answered: "Cummins," and the friends of the Dcs Moines man jeized the occasion to wake the echoes with applause. Love Allison More than Shaw. Judged by the noise, lowa republicans Inink more of Senator Allison than of Governor Leslie Shaw. In the speech of temporary Chairman Davis he paid a handsome tribute to Governor Shaw, irhich brought a round of applause. Later >n he spoke of the valuable services of lowa's senators yells and the clapping »f hands drowned tfie speaker's voice and fells of "Allison" sent it going with re doubled vigor for sevral minutes. It would se«m that the godfather of the Shaw boom Is stronger than the candidate himself in his home state. A good many delegates have told me that they would prefer Allison as a presidential candidate, but now that Shaw has been determined >n they will stand by him. THE FEI'D OF YEARS Present Fight la Its Climax—Cum mins and Blythe. From a Staff Correspondent. Cedar Rapids, lowa, Aug. 7.—The repub lican state convention being held to-day hi this city is the climax of a long stand ing feud, which for five years past has irrayed lo.wa republicans in two hostile camps. Like all great things, it had a small be ginning. It dates back to 1887, when A. B. Cummins, a young and promising Dcs Molnes lawyer, was a member of the Etate legislature. He was elected as an inde pendent republican endorsed by democrats, bis candidacy being a protest against the prohibitory law. Cummins was then a lo cal attorney for the C. R. & Q. J. W. Blythe, of Burlington, was then, as now, general attorney for the Burlington in lowa. There was some railroad legislation Introduced, and Blythe was anxious to ccc It passed. He asked Cummins to turn in and help him get votes for the measures. Cummins refused point blank, making some remarks not complimentary to Blythe, and declaring that he was in the legislature as a representative of the peo ple, and not for any railroad. Blythe then and there served notice on Cummins that If he ever again tried to enow his head politically he would be mauled into the dust. Cummins confined himself to his law practice for several years, and rapidly rose in tie profession, achieving state wide Continued on Second Page, GRIZZLY OR DELEGATE? Which Is Roosevelt Gunning For Now? MAKING A STILL HUNT Some Think This Is Teddy's Mis- sion in the West. HE SAYS HE'S OUT FOR FUN Talk of Shevlln Managing the Rooie. velt Boom In the >urlh- Trest. From Th« Journal Bureau, Boom 4Jt, JPMI building, Wamninuton. . '■■ Washington, Aug. 7. —Many party lead ers, whether Justly or not, are beginning to think that Vice President Roosevelt is utilizing his proposed trip through western states to make a still hunt for delegates to the republican national convention of 1904, when it is assumed he will be a can didate for the presidential nomination. He does not admit that he has any such pur pose, but-yexplains that he is merely tour ing the country for the pleasure of travel and pursuit of his faVorlte sport. At the same time his presence in the west is the subject of a good deal of speculation among friends of other statesmen who will probably be candidates before the national convention. Some of the most observing politicians In Illinois assen that Vice President Roose velt to-day has a stronger hold upon the rank and file of the party in that state than any other man mentioned for the nomination. A man who recently made a trip through the state with politics as his business said to-day that it was re markable what influence Mr. Roosevelt had with the farmers and other citizens of Illinois who do not follow politics as a profession. Congressman Curtis, now In Washing ton, says the same thing is true in Kan sas. He is certain Roosevelt will get that state and Nebraska if he is a candi date. In Colorado and other "cowboy" states, reaching as far as the Dakotas, it is said Roosevelt is the only man now spoken of for the republican nomination who has a ghost of a chance of getting delegations. . His trip to that country this year, it is said, is for the purpose of seeing that his friends there are stay- Ing loyally In line. In Minnesota next month.Colonel Roose velt will be the guest of the state fair people, and he will meet representative men from every county in the state and men of influence from neighboring states as well. While in Minnesota he will be entertained by National Committeeman Thomas H. Shevlin, who, it is presumed, will have something to say about whom the state shall support in the next na tional convention. Shevlin is said already in the east to be for Roosevelt, and it Is thought that he will agree to take charge of certain details of the preconvention campaign in the northwest if it should be Roosevelt's ultimate plan to be a can didate. In other words, it is said that Shevlin is anxious to do for Roosevelt, should opportunity offer, what Goodnow did for McKinley In the same territory. Prominent republicans all over the country are watching Roosevelt with marked Interest. This is especially the case in New York, where friends of Gov ernor Odell are numerous. Senator Pair banks of Indiana, another presidential as pirant, is also keeping tab on it. When Roosevelt had his much-talked-of dinner with Governor Yates of Illinois, Fairbanks ran over from Indianapolis and was pres ent. It is noteworthy, on the theory that Roosevelt is to be a candidate for the nomination, that in his wesern trip this year he is spending most of his time in states where he is supposed to have natural strength. 'It is suspected by those who think this trip is being made with the definite purpose in view, that he is preparing to have a "spontaneous" de mand come for him from these states at the proper moment. The foregoing is the talk now being In dulged in by prominent eastern repub licans and republican newspapers. In jus tice to Roosevelt, however, it should be said that his friends deny that there is any politics in his present movements. —W. W. Jermane. SMITES TILLMAN Senator McLanrln Refuse* to Be Read Out of the Party. Columbia, S. C, Aug. 7.—The demo cratic state executive committee has re ceived Senator McLaurin's reply to their action of July 25, condemning his course in the senate and demanding his resigna tion. In the letter Senator McLaurin writes: I hold my commission from the democratic voters of South Carolina. I recognise no au thority but theirs; take no orders from any source but them, aud shall In due course ap peal to them for judgment on my counse as a senator and my character as a man and a democrat. Personally, I am indifferent to your action, because nobody has made you my master or censor, and I regard what you have done as merely expressing the malice and the fears of one individual, Senator B. R. Tlllman. I shall ask the people to decide between the man who has tried to help build factories, open highways of commerce, and command for the democratic party the confidence and reaped of the business and laboring elements north and south, and that of the man whose conduct and record has been such as to sink the party to disrepute and impotence. I snail ask them to say whether they prefer the sen ator who has tried to retain for South Caro lina the honor and dignity won by a long line of illustrious song and glorious deeds, or the senator who has postured as buffoon and bully, and who proclaimed on the floor of the senate that he represented a constituency of ballot-box stuffers and murderers who wanted to claim their share of the stealage. I desire to proclaim to the world that you do not represent the intelligence of the democracy of the people of South Carolina, and to you and Senator Tillnian that he has never been ray master and shall never be. NORTHERN PACIFIC STOCK Bid of IM> Made for Common, but \o Stock Offered. New York, Aug. 7.—A bid of 96 waa made for Northern Pacific common stock on the stock exchange to-day. No stock was offered at any price. GOES TO IDAHO UNIVERSITY New Haven, Conn., Aug. 7.—Dr. Jay O. Eldridge, a member of the Yale faculty, hag resigned, his position to accept a chair of modern languages at the University of Idaho WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 7, 1901. EXPERT NO. 2 SWORN Testimony of Dr. Sweeney Rein forced by Dr. Darrow. BARRY A VICTIM OF EPILEPSY Small Prospect of the; End This Acquittal or Disagree- f ■" ment Expected. ' ' ; , Special to The Journal. Langdon, S. D., Aug. 7.—Expert testi fying in the Barry case Is slow work. Lively legal tilts break the monotony for the spectators and take up nearly half the time. The submission of hypothetical questions to Dr. Sweeney, the St. Paul specialist, took the best part of two days. Dr. Darrow of Fargo, the second of three insanity experts brought here at a great cost by Barry, now occupies the stand. Both doctors diagnose Barry's mental disease as epilepsy, also the hereditary cases afflicting his relatives. The defense has another witness before Superintendent Moore of the state asylum at Jamestown is called by the prosecu tion. Much testimony in rebuttal is prom ised and the close of the case this week cannot be reached. Judge Kneeshaw has his court running over time, and when the end comes a farmer jury Is not likely to remain long '— finding a verdict with the crops ripe in the harvest field. It is three .weeks to-day since the case was called, and it promises to run into a month before Barry knows his fate. Speculating; on the Verdict. Predictions as to the outcome of the trial can be heard on every side. Many think that Barry will go free, and there are others who still believe that he will go to the penitentiary, but these are not numerous. It seems apparent that the majority of the jurors have already formed decided opinions on the case, for only two or three of them appear to be following the evidence with the same interest as when the trial started. This seems to have been so since the first day Barry was on the witness stand, and while it cannot be said with any de gree of accuracy which way their senti ments lie, It is believed they are now feeling favorably towards the defense. Contrary to expectations W. W. Erwin will not make the closing address to the jury on behalf of the defense. It is under stood that this duty will be performed by Messrs Bangs and Templeton. Dr. Barrows' evidence yesterday after noon, as an expert for the defense, was a further corroboration of the opinions ex pressed by Dr. Sweeney. PETTIGREW COMING HOME Ex-Senator Interviewed nt Tacoma on SchUr-Sampßon Quarrel. Special to The Journal. Tacoma, Wash., Aug. 7. —Ex-Senator ■Pettigrew returned last evening from Alaska. When asked concerning the Sampson-Schley inquiry he said it would doubtless result in completely exonerat ing Admiral Schley, if the decision was based solely on the navy records in the case and was entirely free from outside influences. "But," said he, "there is a clique in the navy which Sampson built up and fostered during his nine years' residence at Wash ington. So far it has used its influence in his behalf and will continue to do so as long as it lasts." "As a member of the senate, Jt came to my notice that Sampson has suppressed records which made it appear that Schley was disobeying orders when, in fact, he •was obeying orders issued by Sampson, but afterwards in some mysterious man ner suppressed. In any event the people have, already vindicated Schley." BOUNDARY NEGOTIATIONS If the Joint Hlg-h Commission Re sume* Pituncefote May Take Part. Washington, Aug. 7.—There are evi dences that, in case negotiations for re sumption of the joint high commission prove successful, the British government may consider the advisability of naming Lord Pauncefote to succeed the late Lord Hirschel as bead of the delegation rep resenting British and Canadian iatwegtg. COMPROMISE HOPED FOR Meanwhile More Steel Work ers Prepare to Strike. TRUST NOT ALARMED Its Officials Say This May End the Amalgamated Association. STRIKERS GIVEN A SURPRISE Clark Plant at Pltt»tmr ff Start* Up— Importation of Non-l uion , ■'• "'..'; '■ ; .' Men. i, ''- :." 1 . Pittsburg, Aug. 7.—The Clark plant, which has been closed since the strike began, resumed operations to-day with about 100 men and boys. Two mills were started up and Superintendent Brown says two more will be running before the end KEROSENE KILLS MOSQUITOS. Prof. Towne—l have fonnd it so. of the week. The resumption was a sur prise to the strikers. With the issue of the general strike or der of President Shaffer it is no longer a theory that confronts the public, but an actual condition. The result is that the tension which kept everybody in sus pense last week as to what would be the outcome of the conferences and meet ings, has now been lifted, the suspense is over and, although the immediate effect is deplorable, those directly in terested are not ao much affected as the graveness of their position would warrant. Hope tor Compromise. It is now generally accepted as a fact that the struggle will not be terminated until one of the contending partiee is de feated. Occasionally the hope is expressed, however, that the order of President Shaf fer will not go into effect, and that a compromise will be made before the week is out. As far as Plttsburg is concerned, al though it is the headquarters of the Amal gamated Association, few men are im mediately involved in the strike in com parison with other sections, the total number throughout the country being almost 100,000 men. There Is no question that the various companies of the United States Steel cor poration will make efforts to start up some of the idle plants immediately and thus prevent the strike, if possible, before its inception. Already such a move was made at Clark's plant In this city this morning.- and consternation reigned among the strikers in the Lawrencevllle district when they learned that General Superin tendent Brown had stolen a march on them and started up the ten and twelve inch mills. The mills started at the reg ular hour, with, about 100 men and boys, and Superintendent Brown says the en- tire plant will be running before the end of the week. He says: Men Plenty. "We had no trouble whatever In secur ing men. Of those that went to work this morning, some are old men and some are new." About the entrance many men were found who said they were seeking Wfcrk. The Upper ana L*>wer Union mills of the Carnegie company, at Thirty-third and Twenty-ninth streets, are said, by the officials, to be running along' quietly. The strikers around Clp-ks' mill are orderly and say they will make no attempt to get the men out that went to work this morning, nor will they molest them in any way. At the Pennsylvania Tube Works, Sev enth avenue, -which, it is said, will be af fected by the strike order, everything was running along smoothly, and the manage ment said there was not the least Indica tion that tyb men will strike. They have heard no talk among the men and expect no trouble. A McKeesport dispatch says: The strike order -was received with quiet satisfaction by the majority of skilled men at the tube works, and as the Amalgamated and Federation of Labor control almost all of the skilled workmen, the plant will close on Saturday night. Great excitement was caused among the strikers this morning on hearing that after dusk last evening six car loads of pig iron had been run into the W. Dewees Wood mill. The movement escaped the observation of the pickets, who were ex pecting nothing of the kind. The introduc tion of the iron 'is a sinister indication and the men fear that Manager Cooper Is about to carry out his threat of last week and start the mill non-union. The picKets and patrols are being redoubled. It is feared any at tempt to start the mill will result in trouble, as the strikers always have threatened it and the traditions of this town of many strikes are such that strike-breakers do not receive much consideration. Manufacturers Not Alarmed. Steel manufacturers generally do not view the strike order with alarm. The combine pfficials preserved the same reti cence shown from the beginning of the trouble, but privately declared they felt sorry for the men; that the strike will speedily end and that at its conclusion there will be no Amalgamated. Association to worry the manufacturers. Another manufacturer said that his only fear was the customary sympathy of work ingmen. He said that in a strike of such proportions and for such a cause no one can tell the outcome until the strike order is actually effective. The effect of Presi dent Shaffer's order on the employes of the Carnegie Steel company is being watched with interest. It is generally un derstood the mills of the Carnegie company are depended upon by the U. S. Steel Cor poration to keep tbe strike from closing down its business. The plants are so ex tensive, the men so thoroughly non-union, the products so varied and of such a nature that they can be little affected by the re fusal of union men in other trades to handle them. In recognition of this the Amalgamated Association is making desperate attempts to break down the bulwarks of non-union ism in these mills. Organizers are at work at Homestead, Duquesne, Braddock and the upper and lower mills in this city, and the Amalgamated people claim to have made many converts In these non-union strongholds. Since the great strike of 1892 three un successful attempts have been made to organize the Homestead workers. A mass-meeting of the workmen of the upper and lower mills will be held tomor row night, when President Shaffer will ad dress the men and endeavor to induce them to Join the association. The union men ■who are arranging the meeting say they will close the mills when the strike as sumes its new proportions Saturday night. Gives the Combine a. Chance. The action of President Shaffer in giv ing the men until Saturday night to work before entering on the strike has given the corporation officials an opportunity of. canvassing the situation. It is stated that every foreman will be instructed to ascer tain the sentiments of every man under his charge. This will be tabulated by mills and districts so that before next Saturday night the president of the corporation will know how each man in the employ of the corporation stands. A rumor was current today that an effort will be made to keep some of the workers from striking by offering them an advance in wages. It is doubtful whether this will be done so late in the day. In reply to the question as to whether he thought the men employed by the Fed eral Steel company would come out, Presi dent Shaffer said: That we leave to the men. They have no scale that can hold them from their obliga tions to the Amalgamated Association. They have no scale that can be transferred to an other comiany. Our people signed scales with certain companies. These companies have transferred their stock to the United States Steel corporation. This they have no right to do. All contracts that are made by our people are made with a full knowledge on the part of others. Such contracts are dependent upon fundamental law of the or ganization. Mr. Shaffer announced that there would be a monster mass-meeting at Newcastle, Pa., Saturday afternoon. He will attend if nothing prevents. Secretary Williams pre dicted that there will be surprises before a week has passed. B. F. Davis, editor of the Amalgamated Journal and one of the association's na tional officers observed: If this strike gets started right it is likely to expand to proportions not now suspected. Continued oh. Second Pave. 12 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK. IT'S A FAIR YIELD BUT NOT A BUMPER H. V. Jones Estimates Spring Wheat Crop of the Three States at 183,000,000 Bushels. His Estimate of 1900, Though Scoffed At Then, Proves to Have Been Marvclously Close. NORTHWEST WHEAT YIELD FOR 1901. BUSHELS. The Jones estimate is 183,000,000 The crop last year was 140,000,000 Estimated increase this year 43.000,000 THE FIGURES FOR 1901 BY STATES. ACRES AVERAGE TOTAL Minnesota. 6,250,000 12.5 78,000.000 North Dakota 5,200,000 145 75,0 00.000 South Dakota 3,000,000 10 30,000,000 Totals 14,450,000 12.75 183,000,000 BY H. V. JONES The three states of Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota have ralstd 183,000,000 bushels of wheat in 1901. The estimated result is as follows: Acr"es. Aye. Bu. Total Bu. Minnesota 6,250,000 12V£ 78,000,000 North Dakota 6,200,000 14^ " 75,000,000 South Dakota 3,000,000 10 30,000,000 Totals 14,460,000 12% 183,000,000 The acreage basis is about the same as last year, but South Dakota has been deduced in this estimate a little and Minnesota and North Dakota have each beau raised so as to about offset the reduction made in South Dakota. It has been my custom for several years to give the grain trade a general out-» line of conditions as they have been given consideration in the making of the an nual estimate of northwest production, and I believe I am the only estimator that makes a practice of doing this. It is reasonable that this should be done, because it is only by this method that the trade can judg» for itself as to the value of conclu sions drawn. ESTIMATES TOO LOW I.AST YEAR The wheat crop of 1901 has its interesting points, as did the crop of 1900. Last year there was great unanimity of opinion in the northwest and in Chicago that the yield of wheat in the three northwest states was not above 100,000,000 bushels. The government placed the total on a basis of 90,000,000 and it was supported in this view by all the public estimators. My own judgment was 186,000,000, and the statistics of the distribution of the crop now available show 140,000,000 as the ap proximate total of the production in the three states last year. That was a season when a considerable crop was raised notwithstanding the popular opinion that it was a small production. ESTIMATES TOO HIGH THIS YEAR. The feature of the crop this year is that the majority of estimator's have erred in the opposite direction by putting the total yield much too high. The gossip has been all the year that the northwest had a "bumper" yield. The fact is, a "bumper" crop in the true sense would not have been realized had there been no intense heat to blight the crop, but a total of perhaps 210,000,000 would have been raised, a total no longer "bumper" in the three states, because of the acreage Increase since 1891. This is a safe conclusion, aB proved by the average alze of the wheat head this year; it could not when filled produce a "bumper" yield for the whole area. There is wheat of splendid yield this year 1 in the northwest, "but the area of heavy yield ia quite limited in proportion to the acreage; the crop is distributed quite evenly. NORTH DAKOTA SAVES THE DAY North Dakota has raised a fine crop of wheat—7s,ooo,ooo bushelt. And yet there are marked defects in the Red River valley. But for the help of the counties west of the Cheyenne river and along the north boundary, the yield of North Dakota would not justify great enthusiasm. But those outside counties came to the rescue and a fine yield has resulted. In Minnesota and South Dakota the result is only fair. Minnesota produces practically the same amount as last year and South Dakota produces less—not a less average, but a less yield due to changes made in acreage. With these general observations made let U6 look somewhat at the details of the crop. There is apparently no Important difference of opinion as to the yield in North Dakota. The figures given here are one bushel lower per acre than the highest esti mate of 80,000,000. My judgment, after four days' inspection of the crop in this state, confined to the damaged portion of the Red River valley, was that 70,000,000 was high enough. After ten days' inspection I added one bushel an acre to the average yield and placed the acreage at a high point. MINNESOTA'S YIELD There may be an impression that Minnesota has produced a crop considerably in excess of last year 1 and to one who has not followed closely the changes of pro duction area in the state such an opinion is natural. The fault with it is this: Last year the south 140 miles of the state produced heavy wheat averages In the main and it is here that there is a heavy wheat acreage, despite all opinions to the contrary. It was in these counties that the wheat was found last year on -which to base the much-scoffed-at estimate of 80,000,000 for Minnesota. This year the pro duction has changed from the southern counties to scattered sections all over the state. For instance, it is likely that the two counties showing the highest averages this year will be Carver or Sibley, in the south central paft, and^Kittson, the most northern county. Between these counties are Polk and Pope counties, which will be counties of low yield. It is easy to see at once that here is a very different con dition than obtained last year and we must figure accordingly. The counties in the southeast part of the state did not produce heavily last year on account of drought effect and they are moderate producers this year on account of blight and the destructive work of chinch bugs. These insects wortced their way well up into central Minnesota and with the blight reduced yields heavily. In the south central counties the blight was the chief cause of injury. In the southwest and some of the western counties there are gains in yield this year over last, but the gain is small when compared with the loss In the other counties. We now pass to the Red River* counties of Minnesota and find that in Norman, Polk and Marshall counties conditions for the whole area are but little, if any, better than a year ago. Polk county has been a great sufferer from water and a large acreage, several miles square, located north of Crookston and well up to Warren, will not yield a bushel, a considerable area will not produce both bread and seed, and a still larger area will produce an average of about eight bushels. I have not adverted to this in telegrams to The Journal because I did not want to be charged with being sensational, but now that balances are to be struck these results must be given their place. Eastern Polk and scattered localities in the county have a nice yield of wheat. The extreme west of the county, along the Red river, has some good yields, but the center has a very light yield and the easterti averages are reduced sharply when the county average is struck. Marshall county will do a little better than Polk, but It has suffered from water, also, and a light average will result. . In Kittson county there is a good of wheat, but the acreage is not large enough t« help make up much of the deficiency in the valley. This brings us down to the Northern Pacific railroad, without yields to offset the loss from last year in the southern counties. Becker and Wadena counties have good averages but small acreage. Otter Tall does very much better than last year, but Pope falls off again and parts of Douglas will show the effect of blight, as will Steams, although the latter county will hare a fair average. Over on the west, Big Stone is light, but Traverse does better and Wilkin is very good. The gain in all this area does not crowd the state total ahead of last year. We strike Renville, which may gain a bushel or" two over last year's average, but several counties south have lost two to five bushels average. Redwood falls behind and we narrow down to Sibley and Carver tor a gain. The timber dis tricts west and northwest of Minneapolis will all show some fine wheat, but they will also show some surprisingly small yields. It is fair, therefore, as the county yields show, to place Minnesota about on th« basis of last year. CONDITIONS IN SOUTH DAKOTA In South Dakota the conditions have been overestimated. Blight did serious work. The centers of production are changed from last year. The southern counties had good averages a year ago. This year they will run light, except around Parkston and along the Sioux Falls-Mitchell road, where there is a gain for a considerable area and a holding evea with toe production last year. The Jim valley aad Uu»