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The Minneapolis journal. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, August 07, 1901, Image 1

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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
PKIOE TWO CENTS.
CUMMINS ON
THE FIRST
Dcs Moines Man Stronger
To-day Than Yesterday.
HERRIOTT PULLS OUT
Big Bunch of His Support Breaks
With the Machine.
LATTER HAS THE COMMITTEES
Convention Proceeding* This Fore
soon of a Cut and Orieil
Order.
From ft Staff Correspondent.
Cedar Rapids, lowa, Aug. 7.—John T T.
riott withdrew from the gubernatorial
race ftnd nearly all of his ninth district
strength will go to Cummins, ensuring his
nomination, on the first or second bal
lot. Herrlotfs withdrawal was made
necessary by the bolt last night in hiß
district. When the delegates learned that
Hftrrlm&a had been selected as the anti-
Cummins candidate, fifty-six Herriott
delegates from the ninth caucused and
decided to go to Cummins in a body.
This left Herriott less than seventy-five
votes, and knocked the bottom out of his
candidacy.
Thomas Way. Cummins' manager, saifi
at 10 o'clock that he had no doubt of
Cummins' nomination on the first ballot.
The steering committee will not concede
defeat. They will go down fighting.
Herriott still refuses to deliver his dele
gates to Cummins, but it is reported that
the Cummins forces will name Herriott
for second place in spite of his objec
tions.
In the district caucuses this morning
the anti-Cummins people carried six out
of the eleven districts and will control the
committees, including the state central
committee. Committees were selected as
follows:
AutLa Control Committee*.
Resolutions—First, C. A. Carpenter, Colum
bus Junction; second, George M. Curtis, Clin
toc; third, W. H. Torbert, Dubuque; fourth,
W. J. Springer, New Hampton; fifth, J. W.
Doxsee, Monticello, sixth. Dr. J. A. Rigged,
What Cheer; seventh, T. A. Chesline. Dcs
Molnes; eignth, M. L. Temple, Osceola; ninth,
.Jcxieph Junkinß, Red Oak; tenth, George E.
Roberts. Fort Dodge; eleventh, A. B. Funk,
Spirit Lake.
Credentials—Judge Wm. Logan. Keokuk;
J. R. Lane, Davenport; M. W. Harmon, Inde
pendence; W. L. Converse, Cresco; 11. J. To
bin, Vinton; L. W. Simmons. Ottumwa; Ed
Nichols, Perry; Lewis Miles, Corydon; L. W.
Houkins Guthrie Center; Thomas D. Healy,
Fort Dodge; E. C. "Roach, 1 Rdck'Rapids.
Permanent Organisation—J. S. McKenney,
Fatrfield; John Hughes, Jr., WMlarnsburg;
Ed Madlgan, Clarksvllle; H. J. Green, Deco
rah; E. C. McMllUn, Marshalltovrn; J. W.
Ballou. Albtm; J. A. King, Nevada; L. C. Me- 1
than-i, Ceotsrvllle; K. H. Walt^js, Council
Bluffs; Joe H. Richards, Webater City; Geo.
E. Bowers, Orange City.
State Central Committee—H. O. Weaker,
"Wapello; E. M. Sargent, Grundy Center; R.
W. Oayton, Oskaloosa; J. D. Whisenani,
Dcs Melnes; S. X. Way, Wesley.
Outlook for Thl» Afternoon.
The opposition cannot outflgure Cum
mins. Harriman will hardly command
600 votes. The bitter fight will come
shortly after the recess. The credentials
committee, selected thia morning in dis
trict caucuses, is anti-Cummins. Cum
mins carried the second, seventh, ntnth,
tenth aad eleventh districts, six being
swung by the machine. The sixth district
was anti-Cummins by four votes.
The majority report of the credentials
committee will unseat thirty-four Cum
mins delegates. The other five members
of the <*.ommlttee will present a minority
report, which the Cummins forces con
fidently predict will win on the floor. If
it does, it will be Cummins on the first
ballot.
The morning proceedings were on the
cut-and-dried order, there being no
thance for a vote or contest of any kind.
There was an amusing diversion when a
tolored quartet inquired: "Who built the
»rk?" A delegate answered: "Cummins,"
and the friends of the Dcs Moines man
jeized the occasion to wake the echoes
with applause.
Love Allison More than Shaw.
Judged by the noise, lowa republicans
Inink more of Senator Allison than of
Governor Leslie Shaw. In the speech of
temporary Chairman Davis he paid a
handsome tribute to Governor Shaw,
irhich brought a round of applause. Later
>n he spoke of the valuable services of
lowa's senators yells and the clapping
»f hands drowned tfie speaker's voice and
fells of "Allison" sent it going with re
doubled vigor for sevral minutes. It
would se«m that the godfather of the
Shaw boom Is stronger than the candidate
himself in his home state. A good many
delegates have told me that they would
prefer Allison as a presidential candidate,
but now that Shaw has been determined
>n they will stand by him.
THE FEI'D OF YEARS
Present Fight la Its Climax—Cum
mins and Blythe.
From a Staff Correspondent.
Cedar Rapids, lowa, Aug. 7.—The repub
lican state convention being held to-day
hi this city is the climax of a long stand
ing feud, which for five years past has
irrayed lo.wa republicans in two hostile
camps.
Like all great things, it had a small be
ginning. It dates back to 1887, when A.
B. Cummins, a young and promising Dcs
Molnes lawyer, was a member of the Etate
legislature. He was elected as an inde
pendent republican endorsed by democrats,
bis candidacy being a protest against the
prohibitory law. Cummins was then a lo
cal attorney for the C. R. & Q. J. W.
Blythe, of Burlington, was then, as now,
general attorney for the Burlington in
lowa. There was some railroad legislation
Introduced, and Blythe was anxious to ccc
It passed. He asked Cummins to turn in
and help him get votes for the measures.
Cummins refused point blank, making
some remarks not complimentary to
Blythe, and declaring that he was in the
legislature as a representative of the peo
ple, and not for any railroad. Blythe then
and there served notice on Cummins that
If he ever again tried to enow his head
politically he would be mauled into the
dust.
Cummins confined himself to his law
practice for several years, and rapidly rose
in tie profession, achieving state wide
Continued on Second Page,
GRIZZLY OR
DELEGATE?
Which Is Roosevelt Gunning
For Now?
MAKING A STILL HUNT
Some Think This Is Teddy's Mis-
sion in the West.
HE SAYS HE'S OUT FOR FUN
Talk of Shevlln Managing the Rooie.
velt Boom In the >urlh-
Trest.
From Th« Journal Bureau, Boom 4Jt, JPMI
building, Wamninuton. . '■■
Washington, Aug. 7. —Many party lead
ers, whether Justly or not, are beginning
to think that Vice President Roosevelt is
utilizing his proposed trip through western
states to make a still hunt for delegates
to the republican national convention of
1904, when it is assumed he will be a can
didate for the presidential nomination. He
does not admit that he has any such pur
pose, but-yexplains that he is merely tour
ing the country for the pleasure of travel
and pursuit of his faVorlte sport. At the
same time his presence in the west is the
subject of a good deal of speculation
among friends of other statesmen who will
probably be candidates before the national
convention.
Some of the most observing politicians In
Illinois assen that Vice President Roose
velt to-day has a stronger hold upon the
rank and file of the party in that state
than any other man mentioned for the
nomination. A man who recently made
a trip through the state with politics as
his business said to-day that it was re
markable what influence Mr. Roosevelt
had with the farmers and other citizens of
Illinois who do not follow politics as a
profession.
Congressman Curtis, now In Washing
ton, says the same thing is true in Kan
sas. He is certain Roosevelt will get
that state and Nebraska if he is a candi
date. In Colorado and other "cowboy"
states, reaching as far as the Dakotas, it
is said Roosevelt is the only man now
spoken of for the republican nomination
who has a ghost of a chance of getting
delegations. . His trip to that country
this year, it is said, is for the purpose
of seeing that his friends there are stay-
Ing loyally In line.
In Minnesota next month.Colonel Roose
velt will be the guest of the state fair
people, and he will meet representative
men from every county in the state and
men of influence from neighboring states
as well. While in Minnesota he will be
entertained by National Committeeman
Thomas H. Shevlin, who, it is presumed,
will have something to say about whom
the state shall support in the next na
tional convention. Shevlin is said already
in the east to be for Roosevelt, and it Is
thought that he will agree to take charge
of certain details of the preconvention
campaign in the northwest if it should
be Roosevelt's ultimate plan to be a can
didate. In other words, it is said that
Shevlin is anxious to do for Roosevelt,
should opportunity offer, what Goodnow
did for McKinley In the same territory.
Prominent republicans all over the
country are watching Roosevelt with
marked Interest. This is especially the
case in New York, where friends of Gov
ernor Odell are numerous. Senator Pair
banks of Indiana, another presidential as
pirant, is also keeping tab on it. When
Roosevelt had his much-talked-of dinner
with Governor Yates of Illinois, Fairbanks
ran over from Indianapolis and was pres
ent. It is noteworthy, on the theory that
Roosevelt is to be a candidate for the
nomination, that in his wesern trip this
year he is spending most of his time in
states where he is supposed to have
natural strength. 'It is suspected by
those who think this trip is being made
with the definite purpose in view, that he
is preparing to have a "spontaneous" de
mand come for him from these states at
the proper moment.
The foregoing is the talk now being In
dulged in by prominent eastern repub
licans and republican newspapers. In jus
tice to Roosevelt, however, it should be
said that his friends deny that there is
any politics in his present movements.
—W. W. Jermane.
SMITES TILLMAN
Senator McLanrln Refuse* to Be
Read Out of the Party.
Columbia, S. C, Aug. 7.—The demo
cratic state executive committee has re
ceived Senator McLaurin's reply to their
action of July 25, condemning his course
in the senate and demanding his resigna
tion. In the letter Senator McLaurin
writes:
I hold my commission from the democratic
voters of South Carolina. I recognise no au
thority but theirs; take no orders from any
source but them, aud shall In due course ap
peal to them for judgment on my counse as a
senator and my character as a man and a
democrat.
Personally, I am indifferent to your action,
because nobody has made you my master or
censor, and I regard what you have done as
merely expressing the malice and the fears
of one individual, Senator B. R. Tlllman.
I shall ask the people to decide between the
man who has tried to help build factories,
open highways of commerce, and command
for the democratic party the confidence and
reaped of the business and laboring elements
north and south, and that of the man whose
conduct and record has been such as to sink
the party to disrepute and impotence. I snail
ask them to say whether they prefer the sen
ator who has tried to retain for South Caro
lina the honor and dignity won by a long line
of illustrious song and glorious deeds, or the
senator who has postured as buffoon and
bully, and who proclaimed on the floor of the
senate that he represented a constituency of
ballot-box stuffers and murderers who wanted
to claim their share of the stealage. I desire
to proclaim to the world that you do not
represent the intelligence of the democracy
of the people of South Carolina, and to you
and Senator Tillnian that he has never been
ray master and shall never be.
NORTHERN PACIFIC STOCK
Bid of IM> Made for Common, but \o
Stock Offered.
New York, Aug. 7.—A bid of 96 waa
made for Northern Pacific common stock
on the stock exchange to-day. No stock
was offered at any price.
GOES TO IDAHO UNIVERSITY
New Haven, Conn., Aug. 7.—Dr. Jay O.
Eldridge, a member of the Yale faculty, hag
resigned, his position to accept a chair of
modern languages at the University of Idaho
WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 7, 1901.
EXPERT NO. 2 SWORN
Testimony of Dr. Sweeney Rein
forced by Dr. Darrow.
BARRY A VICTIM OF EPILEPSY
Small Prospect of the; End This
Acquittal or Disagree- f
■" ment Expected. ' ' ; ,
Special to The Journal.
Langdon, S. D., Aug. 7.—Expert testi
fying in the Barry case Is slow work.
Lively legal tilts break the monotony for
the spectators and take up nearly half
the time. The submission of hypothetical
questions to Dr. Sweeney, the St. Paul
specialist, took the best part of two days.
Dr. Darrow of Fargo, the second of three
insanity experts brought here at a great
cost by Barry, now occupies the stand.
Both doctors diagnose Barry's mental
disease as epilepsy, also the hereditary
cases afflicting his relatives.
The defense has another witness before
Superintendent Moore of the state asylum
at Jamestown is called by the prosecu
tion. Much testimony in rebuttal is prom
ised and the close of the case this week
cannot be reached.
Judge Kneeshaw has his court running
over time, and when the end comes a
farmer jury Is not likely to remain long
'—
finding a verdict with the crops ripe in
the harvest field.
It is three .weeks to-day since the case
was called, and it promises to run into
a month before Barry knows his fate.
Speculating; on the Verdict.
Predictions as to the outcome of the
trial can be heard on every side. Many
think that Barry will go free, and there
are others who still believe that he will
go to the penitentiary, but these are not
numerous.
It seems apparent that the majority of
the jurors have already formed decided
opinions on the case, for only two or
three of them appear to be following the
evidence with the same interest as when
the trial started.
This seems to have been so since the
first day Barry was on the witness stand,
and while it cannot be said with any de
gree of accuracy which way their senti
ments lie, It is believed they are now
feeling favorably towards the defense.
Contrary to expectations W. W. Erwin
will not make the closing address to the
jury on behalf of the defense. It is under
stood that this duty will be performed
by Messrs Bangs and Templeton.
Dr. Barrows' evidence yesterday after
noon, as an expert for the defense, was a
further corroboration of the opinions ex
pressed by Dr. Sweeney.
PETTIGREW COMING HOME
Ex-Senator Interviewed nt Tacoma
on SchUr-Sampßon Quarrel.
Special to The Journal.
Tacoma, Wash., Aug. 7. —Ex-Senator
■Pettigrew returned last evening from
Alaska. When asked concerning the
Sampson-Schley inquiry he said it would
doubtless result in completely exonerat
ing Admiral Schley, if the decision was
based solely on the navy records in the
case and was entirely free from outside
influences.
"But," said he, "there is a clique in the
navy which Sampson built up and fostered
during his nine years' residence at Wash
ington. So far it has used its influence
in his behalf and will continue to do so as
long as it lasts."
"As a member of the senate, Jt came to
my notice that Sampson has suppressed
records which made it appear that Schley
was disobeying orders when, in fact, he
•was obeying orders issued by Sampson,
but afterwards in some mysterious man
ner suppressed. In any event the people
have, already vindicated Schley."
BOUNDARY NEGOTIATIONS
If the Joint Hlg-h Commission Re
sume* Pituncefote May Take Part.
Washington, Aug. 7.—There are evi
dences that, in case negotiations for re
sumption of the joint high commission
prove successful, the British government
may consider the advisability of naming
Lord Pauncefote to succeed the late Lord
Hirschel as bead of the delegation rep
resenting British and Canadian iatwegtg.
COMPROMISE
HOPED FOR
Meanwhile More Steel Work
ers Prepare to Strike.
TRUST NOT ALARMED
Its Officials Say This May End the
Amalgamated Association.
STRIKERS GIVEN A SURPRISE
Clark Plant at Pltt»tmr ff Start* Up—
Importation of Non-l uion , ■'• "'..'; '■
; .' Men. i, ''- :." 1 .
Pittsburg, Aug. 7.—The Clark plant,
which has been closed since the strike
began, resumed operations to-day with
about 100 men and boys. Two mills were
started up and Superintendent Brown says
two more will be running before the end
KEROSENE KILLS MOSQUITOS.
Prof. Towne—l have fonnd it so.
of the week. The resumption was a sur
prise to the strikers.
With the issue of the general strike or
der of President Shaffer it is no longer
a theory that confronts the public, but
an actual condition. The result is that
the tension which kept everybody in sus
pense last week as to what would be the
outcome of the conferences and meet
ings, has now been lifted, the suspense is
over and, although the immediate
effect is deplorable, those directly in
terested are not ao much affected as the
graveness of their position would warrant.
Hope tor Compromise.
It is now generally accepted as a fact
that the struggle will not be terminated
until one of the contending partiee is de
feated. Occasionally the hope is expressed,
however, that the order of President Shaf
fer will not go into effect, and that a
compromise will be made before the week
is out.
As far as Plttsburg is concerned, al
though it is the headquarters of the Amal
gamated Association, few men are im
mediately involved in the strike in com
parison with other sections, the total
number throughout the country being
almost 100,000 men.
There Is no question that the various
companies of the United States Steel cor
poration will make efforts to start up
some of the idle plants immediately and
thus prevent the strike, if possible, before
its inception. Already such a move was
made at Clark's plant In this city this
morning.- and consternation reigned among
the strikers in the Lawrencevllle district
when they learned that General Superin
tendent Brown had stolen a march on
them and started up the ten and twelve
inch mills. The mills started at the reg
ular hour, with, about 100 men and boys,
and Superintendent Brown says the en-
tire plant will be running before the end
of the week. He says:
Men Plenty.
"We had no trouble whatever In secur
ing men. Of those that went to work this
morning, some are old men and some are
new."
About the entrance many men were
found who said they were seeking Wfcrk.
The Upper ana L*>wer Union mills of the
Carnegie company, at Thirty-third and
Twenty-ninth streets, are said, by the
officials, to be running along' quietly.
The strikers around Clp-ks' mill are
orderly and say they will make no attempt
to get the men out that went to work this
morning, nor will they molest them in
any way.
At the Pennsylvania Tube Works, Sev
enth avenue, -which, it is said, will be af
fected by the strike order, everything was
running along smoothly, and the manage
ment said there was not the least Indica
tion that tyb men will strike. They have
heard no talk among the men and expect
no trouble.
A McKeesport dispatch says:
The strike order -was received with quiet
satisfaction by the majority of skilled men
at the tube works, and as the Amalgamated
and Federation of Labor control almost all
of the skilled workmen, the plant will close
on Saturday night. Great excitement was
caused among the strikers this morning on
hearing that after dusk last evening six car
loads of pig iron had been run into the W.
Dewees Wood mill. The movement escaped
the observation of the pickets, who were ex
pecting nothing of the kind. The introduc
tion of the iron 'is a sinister indication and
the men fear that Manager Cooper Is about
to carry out his threat of last week and start
the mill non-union. The picKets and patrols
are being redoubled. It is feared any at
tempt to start the mill will result in trouble,
as the strikers always have threatened it and
the traditions of this town of many strikes
are such that strike-breakers do not receive
much consideration.
Manufacturers Not Alarmed.
Steel manufacturers generally do not
view the strike order with alarm. The
combine pfficials preserved the same reti
cence shown from the beginning of the
trouble, but privately declared they felt
sorry for the men; that the strike will
speedily end and that at its conclusion
there will be no Amalgamated. Association
to worry the manufacturers.
Another manufacturer said that his only
fear was the customary sympathy of work
ingmen. He said that in a strike of such
proportions and for such a cause no one
can tell the outcome until the strike order
is actually effective. The effect of Presi
dent Shaffer's order on the employes of
the Carnegie Steel company is being
watched with interest. It is generally un
derstood the mills of the Carnegie company
are depended upon by the U. S. Steel Cor
poration to keep tbe strike from closing
down its business. The plants are so ex
tensive, the men so thoroughly non-union,
the products so varied and of such a nature
that they can be little affected by the re
fusal of union men in other trades to
handle them.
In recognition of this the Amalgamated
Association is making desperate attempts
to break down the bulwarks of non-union
ism in these mills. Organizers are at work
at Homestead, Duquesne, Braddock and
the upper and lower mills in this city, and
the Amalgamated people claim to have
made many converts In these non-union
strongholds.
Since the great strike of 1892 three un
successful attempts have been made to
organize the Homestead workers.
A mass-meeting of the workmen of the
upper and lower mills will be held tomor
row night, when President Shaffer will ad
dress the men and endeavor to induce them
to Join the association. The union men
■who are arranging the meeting say they
will close the mills when the strike as
sumes its new proportions Saturday night.
Gives the Combine a. Chance.
The action of President Shaffer in giv
ing the men until Saturday night to work
before entering on the strike has given
the corporation officials an opportunity of.
canvassing the situation. It is stated that
every foreman will be instructed to ascer
tain the sentiments of every man under
his charge. This will be tabulated by mills
and districts so that before next Saturday
night the president of the corporation will
know how each man in the employ of the
corporation stands.
A rumor was current today that an effort
will be made to keep some of the workers
from striking by offering them an advance
in wages. It is doubtful whether this will
be done so late in the day.
In reply to the question as to whether
he thought the men employed by the Fed
eral Steel company would come out, Presi
dent Shaffer said:
That we leave to the men. They have no
scale that can hold them from their obliga
tions to the Amalgamated Association. They
have no scale that can be transferred to an
other comiany. Our people signed scales
with certain companies. These companies
have transferred their stock to the United
States Steel corporation. This they have no
right to do. All contracts that are made
by our people are made with a full knowledge
on the part of others. Such contracts are
dependent upon fundamental law of the or
ganization.
Mr. Shaffer announced that there would
be a monster mass-meeting at Newcastle,
Pa., Saturday afternoon. He will attend if
nothing prevents. Secretary Williams pre
dicted that there will be surprises before a
week has passed.
B. F. Davis, editor of the Amalgamated
Journal and one of the association's na
tional officers observed:
If this strike gets started right it is likely
to expand to proportions not now suspected.
Continued oh. Second Pave.
12 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK.
IT'S A FAIR YIELD
BUT NOT A BUMPER
H. V. Jones Estimates Spring Wheat
Crop of the Three States at
183,000,000 Bushels.
His Estimate of 1900, Though Scoffed
At Then, Proves to Have Been
Marvclously Close.
NORTHWEST WHEAT YIELD FOR 1901.
BUSHELS.
The Jones estimate is 183,000,000
The crop last year was 140,000,000
Estimated increase this year 43.000,000
THE FIGURES FOR 1901 BY STATES.
ACRES AVERAGE TOTAL
Minnesota. 6,250,000 12.5 78,000.000
North Dakota 5,200,000 145 75,0 00.000
South Dakota 3,000,000 10 30,000,000
Totals 14,450,000 12.75 183,000,000
BY H. V. JONES
The three states of Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota have ralstd
183,000,000 bushels of wheat in 1901. The estimated result is as follows:
Acr"es. Aye. Bu. Total Bu.
Minnesota 6,250,000 12V£ 78,000,000
North Dakota 6,200,000 14^ " 75,000,000
South Dakota 3,000,000 10 30,000,000
Totals 14,460,000 12% 183,000,000
The acreage basis is about the same as last year, but South Dakota has been
deduced in this estimate a little and Minnesota and North Dakota have each beau
raised so as to about offset the reduction made in South Dakota.
It has been my custom for several years to give the grain trade a general out-»
line of conditions as they have been given consideration in the making of the an
nual estimate of northwest production, and I believe I am the only estimator that
makes a practice of doing this. It is reasonable that this should be done, because it
is only by this method that the trade can judg» for itself as to the value of conclu
sions drawn.
ESTIMATES TOO LOW I.AST YEAR
The wheat crop of 1901 has its interesting points, as did the crop of 1900. Last
year there was great unanimity of opinion in the northwest and in Chicago that the
yield of wheat in the three northwest states was not above 100,000,000 bushels. The
government placed the total on a basis of 90,000,000 and it was supported in this
view by all the public estimators. My own judgment was 186,000,000, and the
statistics of the distribution of the crop now available show 140,000,000 as the ap
proximate total of the production in the three states last year. That was a season
when a considerable crop was raised notwithstanding the popular opinion that it was
a small production.
ESTIMATES TOO HIGH THIS YEAR.
The feature of the crop this year is that the majority of estimator's have erred
in the opposite direction by putting the total yield much too high. The gossip has
been all the year that the northwest had a "bumper" yield. The fact is, a "bumper"
crop in the true sense would not have been realized had there been no intense heat
to blight the crop, but a total of perhaps 210,000,000 would have been raised, a total
no longer "bumper" in the three states, because of the acreage Increase since 1891.
This is a safe conclusion, aB proved by the average alze of the wheat head this year;
it could not when filled produce a "bumper" yield for the whole area. There is wheat
of splendid yield this year 1 in the northwest, "but the area of heavy yield ia quite
limited in proportion to the acreage; the crop is distributed quite evenly.
NORTH DAKOTA SAVES THE DAY
North Dakota has raised a fine crop of wheat—7s,ooo,ooo bushelt. And yet there
are marked defects in the Red River valley. But for the help of the counties west
of the Cheyenne river and along the north boundary, the yield of North Dakota would
not justify great enthusiasm. But those outside counties came to the rescue and a
fine yield has resulted.
In Minnesota and South Dakota the result is only fair. Minnesota produces
practically the same amount as last year and South Dakota produces less—not a less
average, but a less yield due to changes made in acreage.
With these general observations made let U6 look somewhat at the details of
the crop.
There is apparently no Important difference of opinion as to the yield in North
Dakota. The figures given here are one bushel lower per acre than the highest esti
mate of 80,000,000. My judgment, after four days' inspection of the crop in this state,
confined to the damaged portion of the Red River valley, was that 70,000,000 was high
enough. After ten days' inspection I added one bushel an acre to the average yield
and placed the acreage at a high point.
MINNESOTA'S YIELD
There may be an impression that Minnesota has produced a crop considerably
in excess of last year 1 and to one who has not followed closely the changes of pro
duction area in the state such an opinion is natural. The fault with it is this:
Last year the south 140 miles of the state produced heavy wheat averages In
the main and it is here that there is a heavy wheat acreage, despite all opinions to
the contrary. It was in these counties that the wheat was found last year on -which
to base the much-scoffed-at estimate of 80,000,000 for Minnesota. This year the pro
duction has changed from the southern counties to scattered sections all over the
state. For instance, it is likely that the two counties showing the highest averages
this year will be Carver or Sibley, in the south central paft, and^Kittson, the most
northern county. Between these counties are Polk and Pope counties, which will
be counties of low yield. It is easy to see at once that here is a very different con
dition than obtained last year and we must figure accordingly.
The counties in the southeast part of the state did not produce heavily last year
on account of drought effect and they are moderate producers this year on account of
blight and the destructive work of chinch bugs. These insects wortced their way
well up into central Minnesota and with the blight reduced yields heavily. In the
south central counties the blight was the chief cause of injury. In the southwest and
some of the western counties there are gains in yield this year over last, but the
gain is small when compared with the loss In the other counties.
We now pass to the Red River* counties of Minnesota and find that in Norman,
Polk and Marshall counties conditions for the whole area are but little, if any, better
than a year ago. Polk county has been a great sufferer from water and a large
acreage, several miles square, located north of Crookston and well up to Warren, will
not yield a bushel, a considerable area will not produce both bread and seed, and a
still larger area will produce an average of about eight bushels. I have not adverted
to this in telegrams to The Journal because I did not want to be charged with
being sensational, but now that balances are to be struck these results must be
given their place. Eastern Polk and scattered localities in the county have a nice
yield of wheat. The extreme west of the county, along the Red river, has some good
yields, but the center has a very light yield and the easterti averages are reduced
sharply when the county average is struck.
Marshall county will do a little better than Polk, but It has suffered from water,
also, and a light average will result. .
In Kittson county there is a good of wheat, but the acreage is not large
enough t« help make up much of the deficiency in the valley. This brings us down
to the Northern Pacific railroad, without yields to offset the loss from last year
in the southern counties.
Becker and Wadena counties have good averages but small acreage. Otter Tall
does very much better than last year, but Pope falls off again and parts of Douglas
will show the effect of blight, as will Steams, although the latter county will hare
a fair average. Over on the west, Big Stone is light, but Traverse does better and
Wilkin is very good. The gain in all this area does not crowd the state total ahead
of last year. We strike Renville, which may gain a bushel or" two over last year's
average, but several counties south have lost two to five bushels average. Redwood
falls behind and we narrow down to Sibley and Carver tor a gain. The timber dis
tricts west and northwest of Minneapolis will all show some fine wheat, but they
will also show some surprisingly small yields.
It is fair, therefore, as the county yields show, to place Minnesota about on th«
basis of last year.
CONDITIONS IN SOUTH DAKOTA
In South Dakota the conditions have been overestimated. Blight did serious
work. The centers of production are changed from last year. The southern counties
had good averages a year ago. This year they will run light, except around Parkston
and along the Sioux Falls-Mitchell road, where there is a gain for a considerable
area and a holding evea with toe production last year. The Jim valley aad Uu»

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