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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL.
PRICE TWO CENTS. WISE WORDS FROM THE PRESIDENT Mr. McKinley, Before Throngs at the Pan American Exposition, Makes Perhaps the Greatest Speech of His Life. Patriotism and Wisdom Characterize Every Sentence—Powerful Plea for Reciprocity Chief Feature of the Address. : By sensible trade arrange- : : menta which will not interrupt : : our home production, we shall : : extend the outlets for our In- : : creasing surplus. A system : : which provides a mutual ex- : : change of commodities is mani- : : festly essential to the continued : : healthful growth of our export : : trade. • * • Reciprocity : : Is the natural outgrowth of our : : wonderful industrial develoo- : : ment under the domestic policy : : now firmly established.—Presl- : : dent McKlnleys Buffalo Ad- : : dress. '■ Buffalo, Sept. s.—This was President's j Day et the Pan-American Exposition. The attendance was large. Business houses and private residences were gaily decorated with flags and bunting and ban ners were stretched from windows and across streets, bearing words of welcome to the president and expressive of the sentiment which the great fair is de signed to foster. "Peace to Pan-America." Although the time announced for the departure of the president from the home of Mr. Milburn in Delaware avenue was 10 o'clock, crowd* began to assemble in front of the house as early as 9 o'clock. A detail of police kept tne crowd back from the sidewalk In front o.f the house, but those most eager to catch a glimpse of the president and Mrs. McKinley in discriminately invaded the beautiful lawu of the adjoining residences and some even [ went so far as to climb upon the verandas. Promptly at 10 o'clock the president emerged from the home of Mr. Milburn. Mrs. McKinley accompanied him, walking by his side without assistance. A Great Burst of Cheers. greeted them, which the president ac knowledged by bowing and raising his hac. The president and Mrs. McKinley t.niered the firsi carriage and Mr. Milburn, president of the exposition, and Mrs. Wil liam Hamlin of the board of women mana gcra th.2 second. An escort of twenty mounted police and twenty members of the signal corps surrounded the two car riages and the cavalcade set out at a brisk trot for the Lincoln Parkway ent rance to the exposition grounds. The two carriages were followed by a number of carriages and tally-hos, their occupants blowing fanfares and adding animation to the scene. At ihe entrance to the exposition grounds the president was met by detach ments of the United States marines and the Sea Coast artillery and the Sixty-fifth and Seventy-fourth N. G. S. X. T., regi ments under Gen. S. M. Welch. A presi dent's salute of twenty-oue guns was fired. Thp president was at once escorted to the stand erected in the esplanade, where prob ably the greatest crowd ever assembled there greeted him with ringing cheers. The vast astemblage overflowed to the court of fountains. In the stand on each sido of the president were seated many distinguished men and women, among them representatives of most of the South American republics. There was almost absolute quiet when President .Milburn aro&e and introduced the presi dent as follows: •Ladies and Gentlemen: The prseident.' The great audience then broke out with a mighty cheer which continued ac Presi dent McKinley arose and it was some min uies before he was able to proceed. When quiet was restored the president spoke as follows: Ttae Prenident'» Utterance. President Milburu. Director General Bu chanan, Commissioners, Ladies and Gentle- men—l am glad to be again in the city of Buffalo and exchange greetings with her peo ple, lo whose generous hospitality 1 am not a biranger and with whose good will I have been repeatedly and signally honored. To-day 1 have additional satisfaction in meeting and giving welcome to the foreign representatives assembled here, whose presence and partici pation in this exposition have contributed in so marked a degree to its interests and suc cess. To the commissioners of the Dominion of Canada and the British colonies, the French colonies, the republics of Mexico and of Central and South America, and the com missioners of Cuba and Porto Rico, who share with us in this undertaking, we give the band of fellowship, and felicitate with them upon the triumphs of art, science, edu ARCHBISHOP TURNED DOWN' Ecumenical Methodist Conference Rejects a Message From Him of Canterbury. London, Sept. 5. —The Ecumenical Meth odist conference to-day unanimously de clined to hear the secretary read the mes sage of the archbishop of Canterbury, in which he expressed a hope thet some day the Methodists would be united with the Episcopalians, and also the message of the bishop of London, on the ground that It bad been addressed to the editor of a cation and manufacture which the old has be queathed to tbe new century. Expositions are the timekeepers of progress. They record the world's advancement. They stimulate the energy, enterprise and intellect of the people and quicken human genius. They go into the home. They broaden and brighten the dally life of the people. They open mighty storehouses of information 'o the student. Every exposition, great or small, has helped to some onward step. Com parison of ideas is always educational, and as such instructs the brain and hand of man. Friendly rivalry follows, which is the spur to industrial Improvement* the inspiration to useful invention and to high endeavor in all departments of human activity. It exacts a study of the wants, comforts and even the whims of the people, and recogonizes the effi cacy of high quality and new prices to win their favor. The Uue»t for Trade. is an incentive to men of business to invent, improve aud economize in the coat of produc tion. Business life, whether among ourselves or with other people, is ever a sharp struggle for success. It win be none the less so -n tae future. Without competition we would be clinging to the clumsy and antiquated pro cesses nf farming and manufacture and the methods of business of long agoo, and the twentieth would be no further advanced than :lie eighteenth century. But though «-omniercial competitors we are, commeri-ial enemies we must net be. The Pan-American exposition has done its work thoroughly, presenting in its exhibits evi dences of the highest skill and illustrating the progress of the human family in tbe western hemisphere. This portion of the effaced. Swift ships and fast trains are be part it bus performed in the march of civi lization. It has not accomplished everything, far from it. It has simply done its best and without vanity or boastfulness, and recognizing the manifold achievements of others, it invites the friendly rivalry of all the powers In the peaceful pursuits of trade and commerce, and will co-operate with all in advanciug the highest and beat Interests of humanity. The wisdom and energy of all the nations are none too great for the world's work. The success of art, science, industry and invention i 3 an international asse: and a common glory. After all, how near one to the other is' every part of the world: Modern inventions! have brought into close relation, widely sepa- i rate peoples and made them better acquainted, i Geographic and political divisions will con- \ tinue to exist, but distances have been ! effaced. Swift ships and fa9t trans are be- \ coming cosmopolitan. They invade fields | which a few years ago were impenetrable, j The world's products are exchanged as never ! before and with increasing transportation facilities come liicrea»ini& Knowledge and Trade. Prlcc.-? are fixed with mathematical preci sion by supply and demand. The world's selling prices are regulated by market and crop reports. We travel greater distances In a shorter space of time, and with more ease than was ever dreamed of by the fathers. Isolation is no longer possible or desirable. The quick gathering and transmission of news, like rapid transit, are of recent origin and are only made possible by the geniU3 of the inventor and the courage of the in vestors. It took a special messenger of the government, with every facilities known at the time for rapid travel, nineteen days to go from the city of Washington to New Or leans with a message to General Jackson that the war with England had ceased and a treaty of peace had been signed. How different now: At the beginning of the nineteenth century there v.-as not a mile of steam railroad on the globe. Now there are enough miles to make its circuit many times. Then there was not a line of electric telegraph; now we have a vast mileage traversing all lands and all seas. God and man have linked the nations together. No nation can longer be indifferent to another. And as we are brought more and more in touch with each other the less occasion is there for misunderstand- ings and the stronger the disposition, wt«>n we have differences, to adjust them in the court of arbitration, which is the noblest forum for the settlement of international disputes. My fellow-citizens, trade statistics indicate that this country is in a state of unexampled prosperity. The figures are almost appall ing. They show that we are utilizing our fields and forests and mines and that we ara furnishing profitable employment to the mil lions of workihgmen throughout the United States, bringing comfort and happiness to their homes and making it possible to lay by savings for old age and disability. That all the people are participating in this great prosperity is seen in every American com munity and shown by the enormous and un precedented deposits in our savings banks. Our duty is the care and security of these deposits, and their safe investment demands the highest integrity and the best business capacity of those in charge of these deposi taries of the people's earnings. We have a vast and intricate business, built up through Continued on Second Page. religious newspaper and not to the con ference. Discussing the present position of Meth odism, the Rev. L. E. Duckler, of King Williams Town, Cape Colony, said he be lieved the war in South Africa would pur ify the administration. Dr. Leonard of New York thanked God for what Great Britain wae doing in South Africa and expressed the hope that the war would soon end with the Union Jack floating. THURSDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 5, 1901. TOWN BURNING Manufacturing Center of Jef ferson, Wisconsin, in Flames. Fire Is Beyond Control and Threatens the Whole City. Jeffereon, Wis., Sept. s.—Pire during the noon hour to-day destroyed the plant of the Wisconsin Manufacturing company, and is now spreading to other parts of tho manufacturing district. The loss so far is $50,000. There was a strong wind blowing across the city and the fire brands were carried in every direction, starting numerous blazes. The Brinzlow & Reinel Lumber company's yards were directly in the path of the flames and at 1 o'clock there seemed little chance for it to escape. Volunteer firemen are making a hard fight to save the yards and surrounding plants, but the flames are gaining head way and it Is feared that the manufac- Turing section of the city will be wiped out, causing a tremendous loss. Still Spreading:. At 1:30 p. m., the flre had spread to the C. Stoppenbach packing plant and a large oil tank located near the plant of the Wisconsin Manufacturing company was in danger. The Methodist Episcopal church has been destroyed and nearly all the houses in the district are on flre. The loss at this writing will reach $150,000. Fire apparatus has been summoned from Johnson's Creek and Fort Atkinson. Entire Town May Go. The Wisconsin Manufacturing com pany's loss is $150,000. The Prenzlow Lum ber yard took flre and a southeast wind carried the flames over the city. The fire, however, in the yard was extinguished without much loss, although it is still constantly threatened. The whole city is in the path of the fire and is in the great est danger of being totally destroyed. The local fire department is working like demons, but can do very little toward checking the flames. Outside help is nearly here. Eight blocks in the north western portion of the town are now burning. The city hal caught fire, but the flames were soon extinguished. DOCK FIRE Lehigh Coal and Coke Com pany Loses Heavily at Superior. Special to The Journal. West Superior, Wis., Sept. s.—Fire this morning caused in the neighborhood of $60,000 damage to the dock of the Lehigh Coal and Coke company on St. Louis bay. The flames started about 12 o'clock and after raging all the morning and this afternoon were not out and it was not thought they would be finally subdued un til to-night. The origin of the blaze is not known, but it is claimed the fire mlgnt have caught from a box car that was standing on the track. The department had diffi culty in getting to the center of the fire owing to the great distance out on the dock, and there was some delay in the arrival of the fire tugs, s& that it was hard to fight the flames which increased with great rapidity. The dock was built up with pockets on each side of a railroad track and in the neighborhood of 500 feet of these pockets on both sides were burned and are a to tal loss. The loading apparatus and box cars were burned also. There were in the neighborhood of 200,000 tons of soft coal on the dock and fire caught in the out side of all of the piles of this coal. With all this coal burning at once, it was diffi cult to do anything on account of the great territory over which the fire spread. Nine streams were kept on the flames. The damage to the coal cannot be esti mated and the total estimate on the loss is as yet only a rough one. The dock and coal were insured. RECIPROCITY WITH CANADA Hard Problem for Congress at the Next Session. FORMIDABLE OBSTACLES Influences Opposed to Closer Rela tions With Our Neighbor. CUBAN TARIFF ALSO COMING UP Beet Sugar Industry of the United States In Involved In Thi» Uuettlou. . from The Journal Bureau. Boom AS. ■ JTesl Building, Wcuhington. *' Washington. Sept. 5.-^anadian and Cu ban reciprocity, according to present opin ion in official circles here, is sure to A GOOD HAUL. present great problems to the Fifty-Sev enth congress and its consideration in some form cannot be long delayed after the meeting in December. The advantages of freer trade with Canada are so mani fest as to be beyond dispute, and the com mercial bodies of New England are bestir ring themselves none too soon to bring It about. Canada has quite as much to gain from a more liberal policy. Her slow growth during the last decada for a new country, with railroads opening up fresh wheat fields in the west, for one possessed of a liberal government, and with protection from all hostile encroachment by the strong arm of Great Britain, is most sur prising. Her heavy debt is not sufficient to account for it. Much of the explana tion evidently lies in Canada's outskirt relation to the United States. It is is a great agricultural country deprived of its natural markets, for the bulkier prod ucts of the outskirts always gravitate to wards the centers of population. In the same way manufacturing, under modern conditions, could be done to much better advantage were the boundary line either erased or softened. A wall paper man ufacturer who was recently in Washing ton, doubtless described a condition com mon to many articles when he said that there should be no tariff on wall paper going Into Canada, since its population was not large enough to justify home manufacturers in bringing out the variety of styles and patterns which were desir able. Their users of wall paper would profit by the same free entry to the gen eral American markets that the people of Florida or of Wyoming enjoy. This must be true or countless other articles on the basis of "trust" economics is unsubstan tiated. The American people, protectionists and free traders, have too long rejoiced over the enormous area in this symmetrical republic open to unrestricted commerce not to see the advantages to both sides of the Canadian line of a more liberal policy. Its advocates point out that there is no difference hetween the wages and wage earners of Canada and those of the United States which is not exceeded by differ ences that already exist within our own republic. The working white population of the south is "cheaper labor" than that of Canada; they subsist more economical ly, and are as a rule less civilized. North ern manufacturers are in open competition with this low-priced labor of the south, and yet no part of the country grew so rapidly in the last decade as the manu facturing cities of the northeast which were meeting this very competition. Plttsburg is a region of high-priced la bor and Birmingham of low-priced and yet they are both doing business in the same tariff area. In the light of such ob vious facts they find it hard to under stand the extreme alarm with which the egg-raiser and the hay-producer along our Canadian line hears "reciprocity" I Con tinned on v Seventh. Page. THREE DEAD Young People of Willow City, N. D., Drowned in Fish Lake. Special to The Journal. Bottineau, N. D., Sept. 5.—A terrible ac cident occurred in the Turtle mountains, ten miles northeast of tuis place. A pleasure party went for a sail on Fish lake, the resort of this region. In some unknown way a boat was overturned and three persons were drowned. The dead are Harry Sims, Miss Marie Cook and Miss Ruth Saucre. all of Willow City. Harry Sims was the son of Postmaster Sims of Willow City, and Miss Cook was formerly from Vermont. The bodies were taken to Willow City for interment. It is learned that a pleasure party of eleven young persons was in tae boat and that by strenuous efforts, all were sarved, except three. Miss Cook was 22 yeaxs old and was one of the most popular and suc cessful teachers of Bottineau county. FARMER'S CROP BURNED. Special to The Journal. Brownsdale, Minn., Sept. 5. —Fire burned eleven stacks of grain for George Wuertz. Loss, $1,000; insurance, $100. C. OF C. EXPULSION E. M. Walbridge of Northfield Loces His Seat. CHARGES OF FRAUD MADE It Is Said They Grew Out of the Robblna-McAlaff Cane. E. M. Walbridge, of Northfield, Minn., a member of the Minneapolis chamber of commerce, was expelled by the directors to-day. The expulsion is one of the re sults of the Robbin3-McAlaff case recently decided in the Hennepin county courts. The cl\arge is fraud. The details, so far as they could be learned this afternoon, wer meagre. It seems that Walbridgo foisted a double burden upon commission men of the chamber, if the charges be true. As the story is told hes hipped far mers' stored grain to the commieison men and then drew against it. The farmers later showed up with a claim against the same grain and the commission men had to pay a second time. This seems to have been the chief reason for Walbridge'e expulsion. It is understood that there were further charges of rendering false statements. TWO MORE ESCAPE Convicts at Lincoln, Neb., Strike for Liberty. Lincoln, Neb., Sept. s.—Two convicts named Hauck and Pierson escaped from the penitentiary early this morning by taking advantage of momentary absence of a guard. The men with the aid of gas pipe sealed the walls and dropped down on the outside. Nine convicts have escaped from the penitentiary since the burning of the cell ' houses last March. HARD FIGHT SETTLED Judge Smith of Yankton Circuit Is Nominated to Succeed Himitelf. Scotland, S. D., Sept. 5. —Judge Smith received the republican omination for judge of the First Judicial circuit on the first ballot by 103 votes, Dillon of Yankton has 57 and Fleeger of Turner 39. NEW POLAR EXPEDITION. St. Petersburg, Sept. s.—lt is stated that a polar expedition is to be financed by a titled personage and is being prepared here. It ■will be absent four years. GAUDAUR-TOWXS RACE. R*t Portage, Ont., Sept. s.—The weather, which has be«n rainy, is clearing, and the prospects for the Oaudaur-Towns sculling race at 4 o'clock look brighter, tfxoucb the I lake it rough. ~ '.-..■. . t 12 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK. LESSON TAUGHT BY FARMERS' DAY Success of Live Stock and Dairy Day at Fair Points to Wealth for the State. Minnesota to Become a Great Stock State—Big Crowds on the Grounds Again. To-day marks an epoch in the industrial progress of Minnesota. Live Stock and Dairy Day, with Its thousands of enthu siastic farmers and its wealth of exhibits of Minnesota grown cattle and dairy products is one of the most im portant and the most successful days of the fair of 1901. The wonderful Interest shown by Minne sota farmers in live stock, and especially in dairy and beef cattle, is a reliable in dicator of the phenomenal progress Min nesota has made as a live stock and dairy state, and of progress yet to be made. Stock men of national prominence predict to-day that in the next decade the north star state is to become one of the great est stock raising states in the union. To-day enthusiasm pervaded the air. The farmer from Polk county praised Minnesota stock and the possibilities of the state along with the officers of the two great associations represented here. The state fair management used this as a moral to adorn a tale. They pointed to what the fair had done for Minnesota and classed this as one of its big achieve ments. They pointed to the future —what the fair was doing to educate the Minne sota farmer in diversified farming. '"There are millions in it." So said Secretary Randall of the state fair association. Last year the associa tion made Live Stock and Dairy Day one of the great special days. The plan was satisfactory. To-day's enthusiasm and attendance shows that the idea has "caught on." It could not be so unless Minnesota farmers were becoming deep ly interested in the breeding of high class stock. The dream of James J. Hill and others, who in prophetic vision saw great things ahead for Minnesota in stock and dairy products, is about to be realized. The Great Northern's president commenced the work of educating the Minnesota farmer as to the advantage of high-clasa stock years ago. He spent much money on the idea. It is that same idea that the state fair association has taken up and developed. Minnesota is heiress to mil lions as a result of that work. No Longer a One-Crop State. Within the memory of hundreds who at tended the fair to-day, predictions were made that Minnesota would never be more than a one-crop state. They were wrong. Each year has added millions to her wealth by widening diversity of interests. Years ago the slow development of her stock and dairy interests began. To-day these same interests produce millions of revenue. Large Numbers Were Out. Farmers made Live Stock and Dairy Day their special day. Large numbers were present from all over the northwest. Trains brought large crowds from north western points. A gratifying feature was the attendance of farmers from the Da kotas. They were interested in live stock and the products of the dairy. Large numbers came from central and southern Minnesota. They flocked to the barns to view the stock and were greatly taken with the Hereford and Shorthorn exhibits in the afternoon immediately following the Herefored sale. They went clear down the line of exhibits including horses, swine and sheep. The Hereford sale of cattle was continued during the morning. Evening programs are growing in popu larity and a large crowd is expected to witness this evening's performance. The management is well pleased with Pain's "Last Days of Pompeii." To-morrow St. Paul Day. To-morrow is St. Paul day. The resi dents of the capital city are making every preparation to turn out a big crowd. It will be a holiday for St. Paul people, made so by a proclamation by Mayor Smith. There will be a large number of people in to see the fair from northwestern towns to-morrow and these, with the contribu tions of St. Paul and Minneapolis, ought to make a big day. The big event of the day will be the 2:13 pace for the purse of $5,000 contributed by the business men of St. Paul. There were twenty-eight en tries originally and it is thought that twelve will start. In addition to this there will be the one-mile dash of speedy runners. A UNITED MIDWAY Fair Management to "Bunch" That Feature Next Year. Superintendent W. J. Munro of the de- EVENTS OF FRIDAY AT THE FAIR Afternoon— parade of the live stock; band concert; changes In Tolbert running combination; parade, cowboy races and special features of the live stock firms of South St. Paul; aerialistic exhibition by the Bickett family; balloon ascension; >Lionel Legare spiral globe exhibition; - 3:13 class pacing. puVse $5,000, twenty-eight entries;-.one mile dash, running .race. . . • ,• . .'.■'-:: Evening— race, . one mile ; dash; band concert; three races by' the Tolbert running combination; Lionel Legare spiral globe exhibition; . aerialistic exhibition by the Bickett family; running races, half-mile '-. heats; Pain's "The Last Days of Pompeii." IN MINNEAPOLIS 2:15 and 8:15 p. m.—Banda Roesa concerts at Exposition. 8:15 p. m.—Haverly's Minstrels at the Metropolitan. 3:00 and : 8:15 p. m.—Matluws & Bulger at the Bijou. ,'-•'. partment of privilege* of the state fair believes that the large number of midway attractions will lead to a change in the plan of handling that department next year. Negotiations are already under way regarding the handling of next year's midway. One of the big eastern con cerns that makes a specialty of midway circuits is anxious to secure the Minnesota state fair. The fair has now grown to such a size that these big concerns can afford to take it on. There is every prob ability that the change will be made and that next year's midway will be the finest in the west except that of the world's fair. Superintendent Munro has ordered the "Gay Paris" tent down and that attrac tion has disappeared. The receipts of the department of priv ileges this year will be in the neighbor hood of $8,000 about $2,000 better than last year. GREAT ATTENDANCE Turn-StlleM Show 125,000 Visitors for Flrwt Four Days. By to-night the total attendance for the first four days of the fair will be in. the neighborhood of 125,000. This number 9 falls about 12,500 short of the entire at tendance of last year. The total for this ,' year, with fair weather, should reach) 185,000. ... , . The fair management do not expect to day's crowd to equal that sof yesterday, but it will be a big one, and 35,000 is con sidered a conservative estimate. The to tal for the first three days of the fair was 93,236. • Minneapolis and St. Paul gates for. th« : first three days made the following rec ords: .•■ : 'A'-i' ■• -.- ■ ;•'/ -". ■ '■■ ■ ,', .. ' , * • Minneapolis. St. Paul. Monday 14,965 . 10,548 Tuesday ;,.;..■...... .17.650 , 11,464 f- Wednesday ........-.;.:. 21,124 •-: ■ 17,385 Totals .52,739 '■•'.'■ 39,397 There were 8,162 people in the grand stand last evening. Every inch of seating space was used. . - TEDDY IN BUTTER Van Sloan'* Unique Model of the Rough Rider. ' v '-I. : Van Sloan, the butter sculptor, has his chef d'oeuvre In the dairy hall this year. Itis an equestrian statue of jj Theodore Roosevelt in rough rider uniform all done in butter. The statue stand about 4 feet high and is cleverly executed. The marvel is that it is all done in but ter but even had this statue been done in clay it would have attracted much more than passing attention. A Model Dairy. A model farm dairy conducted by a half dozen young women from the dairy school of the state agricultural college never lacks for visitors. More and more the farmers' wives and the farmers themselves are becoming interested in the cow and her products, "Boesy" is a sort of a Klondike, to hear some enthusiastic dairy man tell the story of what can be done with modern appliances for wheedling and torturing butter out of milk. The young women know all about butter making and prove their knowledge by making it right before the visitors' eyes. . The display of modern dairy appliance* is very large. The manufacturers and dealers in dairy supplies are showing new aerators, cream ripeners, pasteurizers separators and what not. WOMEN WERE THERE Federation Headquarters at the Fair - Were Crowded To-day. .;.. The women's federation headquarter* this year is a success beyond all the hopes of the Minnesota Federation of Women's clubs. The increased attendance at "- the building has more than kept pace with the large fair attendance. Not only is the in crease in numbers gratifying but it Is evident that a larger proportion Is from the country districts than in former years and these are the women for whom most of the arrangements of the building have been especially planned. . To-day the re ception committee was made up of Still water women, Mmes. E. G. Butts, state federation treasurer, ; Webster, Brown, Blakeney, and Wilson. .Mrs. Lydia Phill ips Williams and Mrs. J. H. Lewis, dis trict vice presidents acted with them la greeting the throngs. . The model sick room has had no serious cases this year but it has been in constant use for minor complaints. Several of the cases have been the very prevalent sore throats. To-day's cases were cared for by Dr. Ethel E. Hurd who also looked after the Woman's Suffrage association table. The program this morning in the domes tic science demonstration room was on the laboring man's dinner, showing how nutri- St. Paul Day