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THE JOURNAL LUCIAN SWIFT, J. S. McLAIN, MAMQER. EDITOR. President Pbeaches Reciprocity President McKinley made an interesting and suggestive speech at the Pan-Ameri can exposition to-day. While it does not occupy much space, and did not consume much time for its delivery, it contains a great deal that will be the subject of com ment, and which will be taken as indi cating the probable declarations of his forthcoming message on several important topics. The most interesting feature of his ad dress is his reference to reciprocity. What he says on that subject cannot be suc cessfully controverted. He declares that "a system which provides a mutual ex change of commodities is manifestly es •ential to continued healthy growth of our export trade." He emphasizes the fact that we cannot always sell and never buy. "Reciprocity," he says, "Is the natural outgrowth of our wonderful industrial de velopment under the domestic policy now firmly established." It is gratifying to hear Mr. McKinley express himself so decidedly on this mat ter of reciprocity. It suggests that he is likely to press the same view of the situ ation upon congress'and to use his influ ence with that body to secure the adop tion of the pending treaties, or other profitable reciprocal arrangements which shall protect our expanding foreign trade from reprisals and retaliation. Mr. McKinley is not afraid 'to point di rectly to the reduction of duties for this specific purpose. He says: "If, per chance, some of our tariffs are no longer needed for revenue, or to encourage or protect our industries at home, why should they not be employed to extend and promote our markets abroad?" And why not, surely? .Mr. .McKinley *s deliverance at Buffalo to-day will certainly give great stimulus to the idea if reasonable and judicious tariff legislation which will recognize changed conditions and the im portance of establishing those conditions most conducive to extension of our trade abroad, as well as the protection of the pt-ople at home from extortiou. The president, in passing, pays a well deserved and appropriate tribute to that great apostle of pan-Americanism, who would have rejoiced especially in the Pan-American exposition not only as an exhibit of the products of individual American states, but as contributing to the upbuilding of that pan-American sen timent and spirit which he did so much to promote. The recuperation of Galveston from the tremendous disaster that overtook it a year ago this month as revealed by the facts complied: by the Galveston News is amazing. Who that reed the accounts of the appalling destruction of life and prop erty that so shocked the nation a year ago would suppose that in the year following the disaster Galveston would receive 4;>0,000 more bales of cotton than in the preceding year. Moreover the trade of the port of Galveston increased from $219, --000,000 in the previous season to $246,600 --000. The importance of Galveston as a port is shown by the not well-known fact that it ships one-fifth of the nation's entire exports. With such evidences of courage and buoyancy in disaster the whole country will be glad to know that under authoriwition of the state legisla ture the city is now preceding to build a sea wall of such magnitude that such a disaster as that of last year can never oc cur again. About "Declining" Industries The solicitude of the St. Paul Dispatch for the "declining" industries of Minne apolis—those of wheat, flour, lumber and grain—has from time to time been so marked that The Journal takes pleas ure in citing some figures that show that the Dispatch's doubtless well-meant con cern for the business future of Minne apolis has been largely a needless borrow ing of trouble. The "declining" grain trade has done very well during the last year. It is not often that declining activities show in crease in the volume of business. Al though last year was supposed to have produced a poor wheat crop there was marketed in Minneapolish in round num bers 82,000,000 bushels of that cereal, only some 6,000,000 bushels less than in the preceding good crop year, a year that has only once been surpassed in the history of the city. Taking into consideration the limited wheat production, Minneapolis •was relatvely a greater wheat market last year than ever before; a larger proportion of the whole crop came here than usual. But while crop conditions enforced a slight decline in the amount of wheat re ceived in Minneapolis large gains were shown In the receipts of corn, oats, barley, rye and flax; so that the total grain re ceipts of the city In the grain year just ended were about 10,000,000 bushels in ex cess of the total for the preceding year. Corresponding to the slight decrease in ■wheat receipts there was a slightly re duced total of flour shipments, but nothing of any permanent significance whatever in a business which has always fluctuated "with the condition of crops and grain and flour markets. While 14,984.925 barrels of flour were shipped last year, 15,078,432 were shipped in the preceding year—the difference not equalling the capacity of the mills for two This 1b a very encouraging showing for another "declining" industry and trade. But it is the "waning" of the lumber Industry which has most disturbed some of our anxious friends. It is "a pleasure to be able to relieve them of all cause for •worry. The greatest lumber year in the history of Minneapolis was 1899, when the mills turned out 594,373,000 feet of lumber. Last year the output fell to 501,522,000 feet, the year being a poor one for cut ting. No figures are available to show precisely how much has been sawed in the Minneapolis mills so far this year, but the log scale indicates that if weather and ■water conditions remain favorable, 1901 •will become the banner year of the Min neapolis lumber mills. Up to July 1 the log scale exceeded that for the same period of 1900 by 40 per cent and 1899 by 25 per cent. If this relative increase ehould be maintained throughout the year and the cutting be in proportion, the present year's cut win far exceed the cut of any other year in the history of the city. Now, really, that is not bad for a "waning" industry. Of course the lumber output must soon begin to decline with the decreasing sup ply of standing timber, and eventually, it ■will become practically extinct. But even now while it is in the flood tide of pros- perity, numerous other industries and manufactures have taken foothold in the city so that when the lumber Industry does begin to decline its place will be so easily filled, and more, by other forms of in dustrial activity that its disappearance will not be noticed in the sum total of the city's business. Again we say htat while we appreciate the concern of some of our kind friends we take pleasure in showing them how groundless are their fears for the future of Minneapolis. Chun's Dismal Reception The German emperor retreated from his silly demands for the greater humiliation of Prince Chun, the Chinese blue-blood who was sent to declare Kwang Su's pro found sorrow over the murder of the Ger man ambassador at Peking last summer. He received Prince Chun yesterday at Pottsdam in such a frigid manner that the affair resembled a funeral. The at mosphere was formal and chilling, but Prince Chun maintained his dignity and the emperor had to retreat from his pro gram, which required Chun to crawl on his belly to the foot of the Hohenzollern throne, knocking his cranium on the floor at brief Intervals. Prince Chun's pluck is regarded by Chinamen as a notable victory for tho celestials and German influence has, no doubt, suffered by the backdown of the German emperor from his kotow pro gram. William was, no doubt, gratified that the Chinese emperor in his letter to him glve3 him the entire credit for putting down the Boxers' rebellion and restoring peace. The Chinese emperor knows better, of course, and recognizes the fact that the German troops were the bashi-bazouks of the campaign in China. There is no doubt that Germany, which has no oppressive amount of Chinese trade, will suffer com mercially by the attempt to humiliate Prince Chun. There is an article in the current num ber of the North American Review by Ho Vow, Chinese consul general at San Francisco, in which he takes the ground that Chinese trade is greatly to be de sired by the United States, but, if the United States wants the trade, she must sedulously cultivate friendly intercourse with the people of China. He argues that our Chinese exclusion laws have greatly embittered tne Chinese people and that we cannot get their trade as long as the exclusion laws remain on the statute books, and he asserts that the Boxer up rising was due to Chinese resentment over the Scott and Geary exclusion acts. Of course this is a bold and brazen falsehood, for the Eoxer movement took place in the northern provinces of Shan tung and Chihli, whence no Chinese la borers come to this country. They come chiefly from a district of the southern province of Kwang-tunp; and the mass of the population of China has no knowledge of our exclusion acts. Our trade with China has developed very handsomely under the exclusion acts, so that this country stands second in commercial in tercourse with China and is likely, by reason of our lenient policy during the negotiations in settlement of the claims of the allies for damages resulting from the disturbances last year, to be greatly en hanced. Like other nations, the Chinese will trade with the country which gives them the largest advantages. Hanna Should Be Cautious The Journal's Washington cor respondent yesterday contributed a very interesting account of the plans that are imputed to Marcus A. Hanna for control ing the action of the next republican na tional convention by means of the south ern delegates. If Mr. Hanna is really planning to use this factitious southern vote, which is notoriously without princi ple or integrity, to name the nominee of the republican party for president he may give rise to a scandal of huge proportions. Any scheme which has for its corner stone this vote, largely made up of negro politi cians who, under the conditions now pre vailing in the south, have no effective in fluence outside of the party organization, is likely to result in a scandal. It is in fact scandalous that a vote which really represents almost nothing in the way of contribution to republican suc cess should be allowed to assume such proportions in national conventions. When it is also considered that a large part of this vote is notoriously corrupt and pre pared to be influenced by such petty con siderations as railroad passes and such large ones as campaign subscriptions It neede no lengthy discusion to indicate what diastrous results to the party may follow its exploitation. Possibly the exi gency of a critical national campaign and the possibility that republican negro vot ers in close states where their votes act ually count might take affront justified Mr. Hanna In insisting at Philadelphia that no change be made in the scheme of representation. . But if Mr. Hanna shall now proceed to use this straw representation to make himself the boss of the next republican national convention he will mightily of fend a large element of the party that ob jects to having a nominee for the presi dency chosen by men whose votes don't count outside of party caucuses and con ventions and are to be obtained in them by methods that ere little short of open barter and sale. Mr. Hanna has never been over popular with this element of the party though his abilities and serv ices have been recognized by it. But if he shall endeavor to boss the next national convention, and especially by such meanß as those indicated, there may be created within the party the most dangerous kind of a dissension. The competition for the Santos* Deutsch prise for flying ma- Dumont's chines is to take place in Parie. • » . Sunday, Sept. 15. The number Jn ascot o j competitors is growing less n th» date approaches. M. Rose finds a se rious leakage and writes, "Count me out." M. Tatin has a sixty-hor3e-power airship to enter, and Santos-Dumont's new ship is ail ready. Santos-Dumont Is a sturdy believer in mascots. He never attempts flight unless he has been able to talk with a red-haired girl on the evening before. Sometimes he walks miles in search of a red-headed young woman whom he can address without insulting her. His cook, hie chambermaid, his valet and his coachman are all red-haired, because he is convinced that luminous-headed ser vants bring luck. There is something in this. Many a man is just obliged to fly after talking with a sun burst of the kind sought for by M. Dumont, A magazine called "Success" says the rea eon that earnest, conscientious workers do not get ahead and that other people who ap pear to take it easier are advanced over their heads, is that they are "leaners." They cannot take the initiative. Success is right. Too many of us are around looking for a moral lamppost to lean up against. la the current McClure's Magazine Profes sor Simon Newoomob has an interesting arti cle in which he argues powerfully against the THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL. scientific possibility of manfltght. The bird seenis to make quite a success of flight, an! the old turkey gobbler In times of necessity is able to cover quite a stretch, especially if he is brought up In a rather wild state. The steamship and the railroad train were both argued down scientifically at their inception. Personally, we expect to fly. The Massachusetts board of health finds that the spread of malaria is due, not to the prevalence of mosquitoes, but to the presence or Italians. As moet of the Italians are at tached to the crank of a hand organ, it is probable that the charge of mal-aria will stick. Emperor Mutsuhito of Japan is a poet with 37,000 couplets to his discredit. There is one advantage in being an emperor-poet. If any pin-headed magazine editor dares to reject his stuff he gets the top part of him struck off. A local reporter claims that a Pullman por ter pulled a loaded whisk broom on him and frisked him for 25 cents. Some of our prom. cits, would rather see a porter than a re-por ler. Joke here somewhere? France remembers that Turkey put up a back alley "scrap" that made the Greeks wish they had taken out accident Insurance. There will be considerable argument before it comes to blows. Our pastor is back and Satan feels that very little hae been accomplished by the powers of evil this summer, and now his chances are less than ever. Illusion trimming on hats is said to be quite de gustibue this fall. There may be some illusion on the hat, but father says thai, there isn't any about the hat bill. Emperor William decided, because of the wear and tear on the palace floor, that It was not necessary for the Chinese envoys to knock their heads there. Did You See the Man Put in His Own win dow Glass? The Man Did Put it in. He Al-so Wears One Fin-ger in a Rag. That is Why He Made the Bad Talk. There is now In the United States treasury $33,317,955.09 to the credit of the Indians. Lo the rich Indian, whose untutored mind Makes him an octopus without a bit of grind. As a vice-presidential nonentity, Mr. Rooea velt is a distinct failure, and no one is more ready to concede this than Senator Hanna. An Ohio man has been lying in a trance for five months. Offer him an office and he will "come to" in about one second. The wicked coal trust is trying to make all tbe money it can. How strange! AMUSEMENTS Foyer Chat. The largest audience of the week witnessed the performance of the Haverly minstrels at the Metropolitan last night, and encores were so numeros that the final curtain did not descend until half an hour beyond the usual limit. The show contains ao much that is new in the first part and such a variety of acts in the olio, that it is pleasing to all classes, and there is a snap and vitality about the performance that puts every one In a good humor from the start. Chauncey Olcott's tuneful Irish songs have furnished many a pleasant evening for Min neapolis theater-goers, and as he returns to the Metropolitan next Sunday evening in a new play, "Garrett O'Magh," the interest lies naturally in the new ditties which he will introduce. They will be, four in number, entitled: "My Sweet Queen," "The Lass I Love," "Ireland a Gra Machree" and "Pad dy's Cat," for which Mr. Olcott has written both words and music. There Is nothing more diverting than a good comic song. This is shown by the lib eral applause Harry Bulger is receiving at the Bijou this week in the singing of his com ic songs. "When Shakspere Comes to Town," one of his efforts, is an original rag-time affair, very funny and with a fetching air. "The Night of the Fourth." as presented by Mathews and Bulger and their talented assist ing contingent, has made an immense hit at the Bijou this week. In addition to the regular matinee of Saturday, a special per formance will be given to-morrow at 3 p. m. Manager Jacob Litt's fine production of C. T. Dazey's fine play, "In Old Kentucky," is announced for next week at the Bijou. It is now in its ninth year and apparently as pop ular as ever. Mr. Litt has, with excellent judgment, kept the company up to a high pitch of excellence. A producing company of a high standard of excellence is prom ised and the pickaninny band and other in teresting features are Included. GRACE CHURCH WEDDING CHIMES Victor Smith in New York Press. A woman whose eyes and ears miss precious little of what is going on in this town is willing to bet a pound of candy that the man who rings the chimes of Grace church is a musty, fusty, crusty old bachelor and a woman-hater as well. "Every time there is a wedidng in the church," she de leaving the edifice, tne chimes peal out that clares, "and just when the happy pair are air from 'Rlgoletto,' 'Donna c Mobile," which, translated, means woman is fickle woman is changeable, light as a feather do not trust her., etc. A day or two ago I passed tile church twice when different bridal parties were coming out, and each time all I heard was 'Donna c Mobile,' 'Donna c Mobile,' which the wicked tenor sings in the opera. I could Just fancy a crabbed oid woman-hater chuckling to himself as the melody rang out. Last winter I happened to be passing when there were some bril liant weddings, and on each occasion 'Donna c Mobile' was the recessional." THE SAME HORSE The case of a horse that changed his color was recently adjudicated by the supreme court of North Carolina. The horse had been mortgaged and described in the deed as "a bay horse 6 years old." Before the mort gage fell due the horse had been traded from party to party until purchased by the defendant, who had no actual notice of the mortgage. By this time he had "becomo a white and sorrel spotted horse, without any appearance of bay whatever." There being no doubt as to the identity of the horse, the court held that the mortgagee did not'lose his right to subject ihe horse to the payment of the lien. The court, after commenting upon the fact that a mortgage on pigs, calves, cr other young animals would not b* vitiated by their growing into boars, bows, bulls, cows, and the like, philosophizes as follows: "A horse may shed his color, but a mortgage is not so easily shed. It utually sticks closer than the skin." Whether this is "judicial notice" of this interesting fact, we do not undertake to say. Thla case Is found In 37 S. E. 458. MY NEIGHBOR Our domiciles stand side by side With but a step between, My trees their cooling shadows throw Across her plat of green, And often, when she saunters forth To view her snug domain, I watch to catch her eye, but all My scheming is in vain. She will not look at me: perhaps She thinks it is a sin That I should stand beneath my tree And drink earth's beauties In; Or, if she turns my way at all, "Tls with a glassy stare That makes me wonder at my gall For being anywhere. She moves majestically along— That is, as best she may; For she is neither tall nor fair And Just a trifl* gray; I fancy she wao pretty in The dim, dim long ago, But now—ah, well, what matters it; She holds me as her foe. Sometimes I think how nice 'twould b» To dwell In concord sweet, To nod and smile, as neighbors do Whene'er we chance to meet; But ahl alas, I know 'tis Tain, We never can be friends- She cultivates & garden, and I keep a flock of hens. —Mortimer Crane Brown, in White Lake (S. D.) Ware. "POPS" ARE ALIVE The Faithful in Minnesota Declaim Against National Fusion. ISSUE IMPORTANT MANIFESTO Absolute Divorce From Uamc De mocracy Demanded- Marion Butler Indorsed. The populist state central committee has issued an address to the faithful in Min nesota, declaring against national fusion. The document is signed by five members of the committee, who were delegated to draft and issue it. The manifesto, for such it may properly be called, is important because it marks the real inauguration of an earnest move ment for a complete severance of the rela tions which for some time past have bound the populist and democratic parties together nationally. While the populists of Minnesota are the first to come out thus boldly and advocate entire independence, the action of the committee is of far reaching consequence because it was taken only after a great deal of correspondence with the national heavy weights of the party and it long ago received the enthusi astic indorsement of National Chairman Marion Butler who presumably reflects the sentiment of the national committee. The ideas advanced in the address, which stoutly opposes fusion of any kind upon the national ticket, were approved by Senators Pettigrew and Allen, but were not submitted to W. J. Bryan, who has re peatedly gone on record as favoring com plete union of the anti-republican forces. The committee which drafted the ad dress consisted of five of the best known people's party men of the state. Messrs. Meighen and Austin are the Minnesota members of the national committee. W. R. Hodges is the publisher of the Sleepy Eye Herald; Victor Lawson is the chair man of the state committee and M. J. Daly is state senator from Otter Tail county. They certainly represent fairly what is most energetic in what remains of the party in the state. They were ap pointed by the state committee at a meeting held last March and instructed to prepare a statement of this character, and were given full power to act. It will be noticed that while both the old parties are verbally flayed, there is nothing said against fusion on a minor scale and the omission was intentional. The argument used by the leaders of this movement is that the party organization will be promoted by fusion in certain states, but that it is hurt nationally when neither of the candidates nominated are of the Populist faith. The movement is also more or less in anticipation of the expected retirement of W. J. Bryan as a political leader. So long as the gifted Nebraskan was at the front, fusion was tolerable, but with every likelihood favoring the nomination of a man like David B. Hill or Arthur Pue Gorman by the democrats, old line popu lists feel that the time is ripe for a third candidate. The originators of this action in Minne sota hope and believe that similar ad dresses will be agreed upon and published in other states and that the sentiment thus created will dominate the next na tional convention of the party. The address is as follows: ADDRESS TO THE MEMBERS OF THE PEOPLED PARTY. "Arise, get thee down unto the host." Tha vanguard of political progress must not sleep. Nobly has it fought. Where thickest flew the missiles of greed; where rained the ar rows of ridicule; where hissed the shot and shell of political corruption; where thun dered the anathemas of an alarmed plutoc racy—there was the advance guard. It was first in the fight. It thrived on defeat. Sacri fices added but more strength. It became invincible in the holy ardor of a just cause. Then came jealousy and dissension. The eagerness for the spoils of the victor disor ganized the ranks, and the more earnest of the agrgessive champions for the peopole's rights have paused in tuelr onward march, bewildered, amazed. But the period of truce ■will coon be over. The enem*- is using the period of quiet to its advantage. It is In trenching itself at the seat of government with imperial powers: it is battering down the landmarks of human liberty; it is success fully assailing the constitution; It is destroy ing the sacred creed of the flag; it has toru and desecrated the Declaration. Then why should a patriot falter? The battle win he renewed. The forces for popular rights must be rallied to resist organized greed. "Who ever is fearful and afraid, let him return and depart early," but the vanguard must not lag. Its place is at the forefront. The bugle 13 sounding. At a well-attended meeting of the people's party state central committee of Minnesota, held at the Merchants' Hotel at St. Paul March 3, 1901, at which time and place the future of the movement for political reform ln general was discussed, and the best means for the preservation of the people's party ac a factor in the contest for good government was considered, the following resolution was unan imously adopted: "Resolved, That it is the sense of the people's party state committee expressed at a meeting of said committee duty called and held on March 1, 1901, at St. Paul, Minn., that it should be the policy of the people's party hereafter to nominate and sup port a national ticket of its own." The undersigned wore appointed by that meeting to prepare and publish an address 1o the people of Minnesota and the nation who have supported the people's party in the past. The state committee by the above resolu tion goes on record as . favoring and main taining th© party and placing it in independ ent fighting trim. It proposes to strengthen the organization and maintain its influence Above all. it desires to promote the principles of free government as they are expressed in the teachings of populism, pure and undeflled We believe it is idle to talk of reforming governmental policies at home or abroad so long as organized greed usurps the power to dictate them. To the people's party . belongs the credit for having brought before the pub lic the only remedy radical enough to remove the evil of government by the syndicates. The national convention at Sioux Falls declared- Trusts, the overshadowing evil of the age are the result and culmination of the private ownership and control of the three great struments of commerce-money, transporta tion, and the means for the transmission of lnformatlon-which instruments of commerce are public functions and which our. fore fathers declared in the constitution should be controlled by the people through their con grc«i for the public welfare. The one remedy for the trusts is that the ownership and con trol be assumed and exercised by the people." That statement contains the essence of pop ulism, and never in the history of the coun trj has there been a time when these prin ciples will be so readily accepted by the peo ple as now. it la our duty to agitate and HT'f' "£ lnde Pen<^t attitude of our party is needed to that end i/ o °r the 4 mlstakes °* Past campaigns it is ef oVto* „?, apolo^ i2e- « was an honest effort to put an honest man in the White House. We had confidence in Wniiam J Bryan and still have. More than any Tther canum as 1, Partl6S he presents Ameri canism as it was exemplified in the lives and teachings of Jefferson and Lincoln it was co-o P erat on for the purification of govern ment with no thought of being absorbed by ne democratic party, many of the so-calW leaders of which are enemies of equal rlehts en C r r T^ d^ fV^aration oT^depe'nd a phI!,P Pl 9' P*rty was notobliterat fsm of A a Warner agalnst th* teapot «, ft,'' I people s P^ty Is the 'only: truly national party; in the United States - It is toa only ; political organization that represents £ rIsh*":«' the whole :P eo P le inVevery^ cinct and hamlet. Every, member of our par- If™. 7 61"7 i° CalUy ln the United States be lieves in and advocate* ; every plank In our national platform, which cannot be said of the ; members ,of either of r the old parties it is not, and never has b«en our dishonor'that the principles of our party were one thing in New .York and another j thing; in Minnesota, The democratic party is divided. In Ohio New York, Pennsylvania ' and Maryland it 'is on its knees before trusts and syndicates \ cre ated by special legislation. .; In Nebraska, ; lowa. Kansas and, we hope."Minnesota; Wil- THUESDAY EVEOTNG, SEPTEMBER 5, 1901. Ham J. Bryan, the exponent of true democra cy, is recognized. While imperialists domi nate the democratic party in any of the states the people's party must exist as a sovereign power arrayed against organized oppression. Of ths republican party it is only necessary to say, that it is hopelessly committed to the enslaving of £he masses. Consolidated wealth controls its conventions, its organs and seek ers of office. Its subsidized press represents political corruption. Its mission la to deceive the honest yeomanry of the party. ' Their falsehoods are clothed in language so decep tive that none but close reasonere discover their real import. Party prejudice helps to blind reason, and man in the image of his creator is led Into political error uncoascious- ly. To this class of our fellow citizens we ap peal. Their rights are being sacrificed. Their children will be the chief sufferers. More than ever alarming conditions con front the nation. The authority of the consti tution is defied by the -highest court in the land. Trusts control the president. Every safeguard of liberty is trampled upon. We are no longer a government "of the people, by the people and for the people." The courts obey the vampires of wealth whose orders are enforced by the bayonet. Equality before the law is called a theory. The poor are over taxed to increase the wealth of the rich, whose gains are stamped with dishonor. Toll is degraded and robbed of its legitimate earn ings. If organized labor is vanquished in its struggle with the billion-dollar steel trust, there will be no escape from its complete degradation except through the ballot or rev olution. One or the other of these remedies will be applied. Which shall It be? The people's party invites you to adopt the ballot. It is the rational way to arrest the crusade of the vampires against a truly republican form of government. For a peaceful solution of the danger that confronts Uis the people's party calls upon all men to seek inspiration In the glorious Dec laration of Independence that energized the heroes of 1776. Especially do we ask every populist to spring to arms for the spread of the doctrines taught by Jefferson and Lin coln. Prompted by a patriotic love of country and an earnest desire to promote the public good, the people's party stute committee of Minne eota issues this appeal, confidently expecting a cordial response that will insure prompt reorganization and zealous work for the spread of enlightenment that will eventuate in a return of the American republic to its mission—the complete overthrow of tyranny in. all its forms. —Victor B. Lawson, Thomas J. Meighen, M. J. Daly, W. R. Hodges, Z. H. Austin. Committee. Sept. 4. 1901.- MINNESOTA POLITICS "The Winning of the West" Is a favorite theme of Theodore Roosevelt's, and It is the title of his most successful book. The ■win ning of the west is also a favorite occupation cf the rancher-soldier-statesman, and he was in his element last Monday and Tuesday, when he spoke to many thousands and mot personally thousands more of the sturdy cit izens of the west. In one sense, the Minnesota trip was not a political tour. It was taken for the purpose of opening the Minnesota state fair, and it was a bonanza for the first day of the great Minnesota show. Every movement of a man so prominent in the public eye, however, ha 3 political significance, and Roosevelt's trip to Minnesota was regarded the country over as one of the opening moves in his preliminary campaign for the presidency. As such, It was a tremendous success. The vice-president made a favorable impression at every stage of his visit. Every man who shook hands with him became from that mo ment a Roosevelt boomer. Every man who heard him speak was fired with admiration. Those who only knew of him as the rough rider and rancher, who had broken into poli tics, had no conception of his breadth of mind and scholarly attainments, and his pub lic utterances in Minnesota commanded re spect as well as increased admiration. Roosevelt is a name in every mouth this week. It is hard to find among the politicians of the state who have gathered in the twin cities a singe man -who is not outspokenly for Roosevelt for president. All agree that it is somewhat early for a boom. It is not a Roosevelt boom at this stage. It is Roosevelt sentiment; but the gen eral opinion is that no combination of can didates or politicians can take Minnesota away from the rough rider. The country press, in commenting on the Rooaevelt visit, treats of his candidacy with enthusiasm. Commenting on the report that Thomas H. Shevlln has undertaken to deliver Minnesota to Roosevelt, one editor says that Shevlin has a ridiculously easy task. If he should undertake to turn Minnesota over to almost anyone else, he would tell a different story. A remarkable thing about Roosevelt senti ment Is that it is unanimous among the farmers. The substantial tillers of the soil who are visiting the fair this week are dis cussing Roosevelt wherever they meet. They have come not only from Minnesota, but in great numbers from lowa and the Dakotas. They are, as a rule, men of influence in their communities, and men who take an active hand in politics. They are the men who mold the sentiment of the country districts. The Dakotans say that no power on earth can take the prairie states away from Roosevelt. They look on him as one of their own people, and the "cow counties" especially swear by him. All factions are united in allegiance to him. The only fear of the Roosevelt people is that. Roosevelt enthusiasm will wear itself out, and that the eastern politicians will out figure the blunt, open-handed soldier. The Shaw candidacy is not looked on with favor in Minnesota. The general opinion i 3 that Shaw will be used by the opposition to Roosevelt as a means of splitting up his western strength and taking lowa, and, per haps, other states, away from him. Minne sota politicians have had their eye on the lowa governor, and at one time were quite favorably disposed to him. They have dis covered, however, that thsre is a changed sentiment in his own state. There Shaw Is recognized as a good and able man, but is regarded as selfish, and not the genial, mag netic figure Buch as Roosevelt types. The hawkeye governor has lost much in populari ty in his own state, which may give him a complimentary vote, but will not be enthu siastically for htm. His reception at the Cedar Rapids convention was, to put it plain ly, a "frost." During the afternoon, when both senators and nearly all the congress men ln the hall were severally called out for apeeches, the name of Shaw was hardly heard, though he sat on the platform. Men tion of his name, too, evoked only perfunc tory applause. With his own state lukewarm, the Shaw candidacy will not cut much figure in Minnesota, Frank M. Eddy and M. J. Dowling had a nice visit together yesterday in St. Paul, and went out to the fair together. Eddy bought the peanuts and (Dowling the lemonade, ln which they pledged friendship, to last until the fight gets warm next summer, when, of course, "friendship ceases." Edward T. Young and Jacob Jacobson were not of the party. The latter's name has coma to the front at a startling rate during the last Tew days, and from his Madison neigh bors the impression is gathered that Jacob son is seriously contemplating a run for con gress. He has refused to verify the prema ture announcement made three weeks ago, and takes no one into his confidence. It Is generally conceded that Jacobson would upset all calculations in the seventh dlatrct, and would run like wildfira ln many counties. A seventh district man declared yesterday that, with Jaoobson a candidate, half the populists in the district would vote the re publican primary ticket to get a chance to vote for him. J. S. Vandiver has bought out the St Peter Journal, and will take hold of his property next week. W. E. Cowles, senior partner, has a clerkship in the state treasurer's office, and James Smith, Jr.. -will remain associated with the pap«r, -which Is republican of the stalwart Wn|l. —C. B. C. A tree of peculiar growth is to be' seen at the foot of Pearl street. Belfast, Me. As seen from High and Church streets, looking down Pearl, the tree forms a perfect shaped outline of a vessel's stern, from keel to taffrail, against the back ground of the water of the harbor. A Bowling Green, Ohio, young woman is suing her former lover for breach of promise, and fixes the value of her wounded affections at |5,000. The man says that, eight years ago, when he first courted her, she was one of the fairest and weighed only 125 pounds. She now weighs 319 pounds and, he, being a small man, declines to take so hugs a mate. ' SM/^\^-: ■At ike ROPE'S :; Copyright, 1901, by L. C. Paschal. "Look out, girls! Don't go that way— here's the trail." Rattlesnake Jack, the big guide, handed each maid of his convoy over the rocks toward Inspiration Point, as if she were a Dresden china shepherdess and might break any moment. "I do wish you wouldn't be »o careful of us," pouted one little lady. "I am quite able to take care of myself." And she tossed her pretty head, with its tumbled mane, like a colt restive under the curb. "Miss Spofford desires the dignity of her position to be maintained," declaimed a nor mal class miss from the platform of a boul der just ahead. "She has been out from parental, high school city authority for a whole year, during which time she has suc cessfully filled the position of Instructor in the Black Tall school, district of Basin, stato of Montana. Signed, sealed and delivered by me this 12th day of August, 1898. Martha E. Nickel," and she pompously rolled up an imaginary certificate, took from her small, freckled nose a pair of invisible eyeglasses and glanced benignantly around upon her giggling audience. "I don't care." Ella Spofford's piquant face was flushed, though she smiled with the rest over Martha's chaffing. "After you've done the ordering yourself, you don't want to be always under somebody else's order. And, besides," she added, "I want to get a snap-shot of the Lower Falls from below Red Rock—and Jack never letß me go where I want to—l want to have a good time and see everything—what are we in the Yellow stone park for, anyway?" "To secure valuable information on geo logical strata," came in sonorous, didactic tones from the boulder. "To obtain the latest views In snap-shooting, that we may thereby be qualified to train the young idea how to shoot the chutes of learning—" A hailstorm of pebbles interrupted the speaker, who descended and walked on with great dignity. The others followed, their cowboy guide bringing up the rear. "I beg your pardon, Miss Ella," he wa3 apologizing redly to the rebellious lamb in his flock. When he was embarrassed or ex cited his cowboy vernacular fell from him like the thin veneer it was and he dropped, as back to a native tongue, into the ■'Har vard language," as hi 3 ranch friends termed It. "It is exceedingly dangerous around these rocks —they are shaly and slippery, and I have seen more than one go down to death just because they did not realize the danger See that long line of danger-rope stretched along down there to keep tourists on the up per trail?" She nodded. "That very place," he continued, "where you wanted to take you kodak picture, on the other side of Red Rock, is the spot from which a minister fell to the bottom of the gorge—over sixteen hundred feet—last year. We could not even get down to bring back the remains—it was awful—he was dashed to pieces. His wife stood here —she almost went insane over it." "I know; but he was probably a tenderfoot fresh from the east," this with all the west ern scorn of eastern ignorance of mountain climbing. "I'm a mountain girl." "Yes, I know,'' he assented eagerly, "and plucky and sure-foted as well; but 1 prom ised your mothers that I would bring you all back safely from this camping trip through the park, and I intend to do so, even though it be against your own sweet will." "There, now, will you be good?" laughed Martha Nickel. "After that touch of mas culine masterfulness—'Bogy man'll catch you if you don't watch out,' " she hummed wick edly as she passed them. "And remember how one bogy man changed his titl« from 'Gentleman Jack' to Rattlesnake ditto—down on his cattle ranch In Gallatin valley. That was when he was still 'fresh from the east,' too—but that's another story, as 'Rudyard' says." Jack looked sheepish, as he always did when this pieoe of his prowess was men tioned. * "O, tell me about it," asked Ella, her griev ance forgotten. "You lassoed the rattler, didn't you?" He nodded. "That's all there was to It," he said shortly. "Exoept the trifling detail of the child Daily New York Letter BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL^ No. 21 Park Row, New York. Strange Foreign Colonies. Sept. 5. —New colonoies in the metropolis are rapidly increasing in number. There are Chinatown, the French quarter, Irishtown, Dutchtown and the negro quarter. Then came "Little Italy" and the Ghetto, followed by the beginnings of the Bohemian and Spanish quarters. A noticeable group of to-day is that of the Greeks, whose headquarters is down town near the Hast river, around Jamts and Oliver streets. They engage chiefly Jn the flower business, though there are a num ber who compete with the Italians in the sale of "fresh roasted" delicacies. Of late thero have been added to the Ghetto two heretofore unfamiliar types In the Wallaka and Gaiits ins. The former come from Wai lac hi a, now a part of the kingdom of Roumanla, and are of small stature, dark complexion, and bear the marks of the oppression under which they have lived for centuries. They are orthodox to the point of fanaticism and are exceedingly superstitious. . The Galitzlns, who come from Galicia, especially the province of Cracow in the northeast of Austria-Hungary, probably have had the hardest lot of all the JewLsh communities in southeastern Europe. During four centuries they were subject to the fierce ly intolerant rule of the Roman Catholic Poles, but finally came under the rule of the Austrlans and Hungarians, who were little if any improvement on the Poles. At least one-half of the Galltzins of Galicia are ardent Zionists; the other half looks upon the United States as the promised land and consequently have an intense desire to emigrate to this country. Like the Wallaks, they do not min gle much with their fellow-religionists, and in consequence neither sect is very popular \n the Ghetto. From the Slav provinces of Aus tria, but also from Russia, numbers of Sla vonians have come to New York in the last few years. Though there is quite a colony of them on the East Side, along with the Bo hemians, of whom they are blood cousin*, most of them remain in New York only a brief time. At the first opportunity they usually leave for the mining regions. The Levantine Colony. The Levantine colony is a little world in itself, and is made up of many nationalities and races. It is located in Washington street and makes New York its trade headquarters, nearly all its members being peddlers and hawkers. The largest element of the colony le Syrian, followed by Turks, Arabs and Se mitic Africans. They all look more or leas alike, having oval faces, long thin noses, narrow lips, white teeth, blue-blaok hair, and skins so dark that they are often taken for mulattoes. Unlike most foroelgners, they are little given to religion. Bulgarians arc now so numerous in New York as to excite no curiosity. They Americanize rapidly and coon become active, public-spirited citizens. They have their own papers, clubs, magazines and even musical societies. They are stick lers for eduoation and are among the best patrons of the public schools. On the upper East Side !s a email colony of Portuguese and Brazilians. They are a proud little peo ple and usually take offence at being mis taken for Spaniards, from whom they are al most Indistinguishable. A notable character istic of the Portuguese is their freedom from race prejudice, and iue raoial miscegenation which has marked their history for the last two centuries. As a result, one Portuguese from the mountains, and of pure blood, may have yellow hair and brown eyes, while oth ers may be counterparts of Chinamen, Indians or negroes, practically all races being repre- Another Face On It. Howard, S. X>., Spirit The lowa democrats, who sympathized with Mr. Cummins in his, as they supposed,; hope less ; fight : against > the 1 machine,: are . not as happy, M they thought they would b». , whose life you saved by it and who would nave been bitten otherwise,' she answered. "The chief benefit I derive*," he smiled reminiscently, "was my promotion in the es timation of the cowboys from a mere college tenderfoot to a genuine cowboy—a long strida in evolution." By this time they had come up with the rest of the party, who were at the Castle Ruins, gazing out awestruck over the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone. -Only the roar of the river, two thousand feet below, hushed by the distance into a whisper, mingled with the cries of the young eagles ia their eyries on the crags. Three miles away to the right the white flake of the Upper Fall could be seen, but the greater Lower Palls were in visible from their foothold on the topmost turret of the castle-like rocks which give the Ruios their names. Across the great chasm and on every side shone the wonderful, rugged, rocky steeps, whose many marvelous hues have defied the skill of generations of artists. "Just as if nature had made, in her under ground laboratory, a solution of crystallized sunsets and splintered rainbows, and poured it down over the cliffs," breathed Ella in an ecstacy of delight. "Yes, it's a sight to dream about," assented Jack; but he was looking at her. "O, but I do want to get a full front view of the Lower Falls for my collection," and she turned the finder of her camera up th© gorge. "There's always a rock or some pines in the way here. I wish I could get dowu there." "Time to go back to camp," was Jack's prosaic interruption to their school girl flights of rapture, and they turned regretfully away. "Where's Miss Spofford?" he inquired sud denly in the midst of a 6tory about the Gla cial Rock upon which their kodaks were fotussed. "You all stay right fcere—don't any of you dare to stir from this rock." His voice was firm, but his tanned face went ash-color. The command was not to be disobeyed and they knew it. ■Like an arrow he shot back, down the trail through the piues to the canyon side. His brave heart jumped and stood still for ona suffocating instant. There, on the steep slope below, he saw her. She had wound up her kodak film iv tri umph and, half reclining, was twisting up her flying hair. His keen eye teaw what she had not noticed—that the treacherous ahale, loosened by her hurried steps, had started :o move down. One Jarring movement on her part and a whole rock slide would vanish over the precipice, a thousand feet below, carrying the precious burden with it. He must have startled her. He began to whistle, starting leisurely down the slope. His stiff lips almost refused to pucker to the old college refrain: "It's a way we have at old Harvard"—and his fingers shook as he felt for hia clasp knife to cut the danger-rope for a lasso. The girl, hearing the whistle, loked up and smiled mischievously. "You see, I did get It," she began and stopped. Poor Jack could not control tha color of his blanched tace. Grasping the camera, she started to rise, but her footing slid with her weight—she felt herself slowly gliding down the cliff. Now thoroughly frightened, she turned and tried to clamber up the steep bed of shale. "Don't move or I'll shot you!" Jack shout ed in a delirium of horror, while visions of her body, dashed to pieces on the cruel rock 3 flashed before his sight. After one Instant, during which she lived centuries, she felt a circling rope settla about her waist, and of a sudden the rocks and trees and sky all danced drunkenly to gether around the boiling crater of the sun, the fell into It and put It out. •When she saw the light again it was In a pair of very tender and thankful blu» eyes quite near to her face, and she was held in a man's strong but trembling arms. She did not more, feeling somehow strange ly contented there. She had never before realized what a comfortable and comforting pillow a man's broad shoulder Is. But after a moment her old pout came back. "You threatened to take my life,' she said. "And I will, little sweetheart. If you will only let me keep it safe and happy, alongside of mine." "Dear old Jack," was all she said, but he seemed quite satisfied. sented in their ancestry. In addition to the foreign colonoies named, there are numbers cf French and Spanish negroes in the city, hailing from the West Indies, whence they have been driven by the decadence of the sugar industry. Finns and Japanese. There are two thriving colonies of Flnm in New York. Of those who leave Finland, a small percentage go to Sweden, a larger one to England and Canada, but the bulk of them come to the United States. They are mainly of the agricultural class and do not care for the city, by far the greater proportion of those who come to this side making their homes in Michigan, Minnesota and other northwestern states. One of the metropolitan colonies is up on the East Bide In the Swedish quarter and the other is In the Borough pa--k district of Brooklyn. Another colony that continues to augment in numbers is the Jap anese. The more prosperous live in the neighborhood of Twenty-seventh street an:l Seventh avenue, while those less favored la fortune are to be found in the boardlng houaes around Catherine ferry. They have one or two restaurants and about fifteen stores, though most of them work as clerks in American houses or as cooks and domestic servants. The Scandinavians also have a large and fine colony in the oenter of Brook lyn, of which the nucleus Is at the corner of Bond street and Atlantlo avenue. There are about 10,000 in Brooklyn and as many more In Manhattan, the majority of whom Incline toward storekeeping and the skilled trades. Persecuted Armenia is alao well represented in the local population. Common I.uw Marriage*. Common-law marriages in this itate, o* p.nd after Jan. 1 next, are to be made mora formal in character than they have ever been in the past, and those who wish to dlepensa with clergyman, alderman and Justice must have two witnesses to sign their names to a writen contract of marriage, to which t3i« "contracting parties" must themselyes sub scribe. According to the amended law relat ing to this subject, common law marriage* continue to be civil contraoU, so far a» their legality is concerned. The contract part of the new law is the most interesting. To male* a contract valid in 190£, it will be necessary for at least two witnesses to subscribe to the written contract, stating plainly taeir resi dences and the date and place of the mar riage. The Instrument must be acknowledged by the persona to be married in th» tame manner as is required for the acknowledg ment of the conveyance of real estate, f> r><\ must likewise be recorded. The New Stock Exchange. When the New York Stock Exchange hoMa the ceremony of laying the corner stone of Its new building next week, the occasion will be turned into a great demonstration. The younger members of the exchange are looking forward to the ceremony with great anticipa tion, for it la on rallies of that sort that they shine. The Juveniles may not be as influen tial on checks as some of the older heads, but they are long on enthusiasm and Ugh kicking. They are also well stocked with dignity when there is occasion for it The corner stone of the old exchange was un earthed only a few days ago by the builder, Charles T. Willis, who promptly turned it over to the secretary, in whose oustody the tin box repoaea. Secretary McClura holds the rusty old package as a most sacred trust, and he will stand guard over it until the building committee In solemn assembly di rects that it be opened and prescribe* the method of proceeding. —N. N, A. MY CROWN My crown is in my heart, not on my headi Not deck'd with diamonds and Indian stonea; Nor to be seen—my crown is call'd content; ■ A crown it la that seldom kings enjoy. —Shaksptr*.