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THE JOURNAL LUOIAN SWIFT, I J. S. MoLAIN, MANAGER. \. BDITOR. SUBSCRIPTION TERMS Payable to The Journal Printing Co. Delivered by Mall. One copy,-one m0nth............ $0.35 One copy, three months 1.00 One copy, cix months 8.00 One copy, one year.... 4.00 Saturday Eve. edition, 20 to 26 pages.. 1.60 Delivered by carrier One copy, one week..... 8 cents One copy, one month ...........85 cents Single copy a cent* THE JOURNAL is published every evening, except Sunday, at 47-41) Fourth Street South, Journal Uaildins. Minneapolis, Minn. C. J. Blllson, Manager Foreign Adver tising Department. NEW YORK OFFICE—B6, 87, 88 Tribune building. <\ CHICAGO OFFICE—3O7, 308 Stock Ex change building. ' CHANGES OF ADDRESS Subscribers ordering addresses of their papers changed must always give their former «a well as present address. CONTINUED All papers are continued until an ex plicit order is received for discontinuance, and until all arrearages are paid. ■ COMPLAINTS Subscribers will please notify the IBfflee in every case where their pa pers are not Delivered Promptly, or vrhen the collections are not promptly made. ' The Journal Is on sale at the news stands of the following hotels: Pittsburg, Pa.— Quean*. - Salt Lake City, Utah—l Knutsford. Omaha, Paxton Hotel. Los Angeles, Cal.—Hotel Van Nuys. Denver, Col.—Brown's Palace Hotel. St. Louis, Mo.—Planters' Hotel, Southern Hotel. Kansas City, Mo.—Coates House. Boston, Mass.—Young's Hotel, United Estates. Touralne. Cleveland, OUo—Hollenden House, Weddell House. Cincinnati. Ohio—Grand Hotel. Detroit, Mich.—Russell House, Cadillac. Washington, IX Arlington Hotel, Ra leigh. Chicago, 111.—Auditorium Annex, Great Northern. New York City—lmperial, Holland, Murray BUI, Waldorf. Spokane, Wash.—Spokane Hotel. Tacoma, Wash.—Tacoma Hotel. Seattle, Wash.—Butler Hotel. Portland, Oregon— Hotel, Perkins Hotel. County Business Sheriff Megaarden will be asked to re fund to the county money which he is charged with having illegally obtained by making over-charges for official services rendered. The material facts in the case •were first set out in The Journal a week ago, when it developed at the meet- Ing of the board of county commissioners that hi* bill for tripe to Owatonna and (Red Wing would be docked something over $400 for services rendered since the first of January of the present year. At that time the attorney of the board was Instructed to go back over the sheriff's accounts and the accounts of his predeces sor and check them, up with a view to re quiring these officers to reimburse the county for any other moneys that they xnay have unlawfully received. This Is good' as far as it goes, but it is only part of the story. The county com- I mlssionera themselves are not altogether without blame for this business of pull ing money out of the county treasury un lawfully. It is a small item, of course, but the principle is the same in the case t>f County Commissioner Sweet, who re cently made a charge of $3 for services on the board of audit. Mr, Sweet may not know it.but he ought to know that the law which pays him $1,200 a year for his serv ices as county commissioner specifically states that this $1,200 "shall be in full lor all services of such commissdoners, in cluding service upon committees and as members of board of equalization, and of any other -work or duty devolving upon them, or either of them, by reason of holding such office as county commmis eioner, as well as all traveling expenses Incurred within their own counties while performing such services as county com- Bnssioners.'* The Journal has called attention at different times to the unbusiness-like "way of conducting county affairs, and It hopes that the commissioners and their attorney will take up this whole question In a right spirit and raise their methods of doing business above the possibility of legitimate criticism. Other officers have been treated with entirely too much lib erality by the county commissioners, anfl the Institutions under their charge are not conducted' with that economy and close scrutiny of expenses which the public have a right to expect of men who are bo well paid for their services. Take, for Instance, the county poor farnu The county commissioners have recent ly expended a considerable sum of money for new plumbing in both wings of the poorhouse. Probably the improvements made were necessary. That point will not be disputed; but we would invite the attention of tine taxpayers to the fact that the character of the improvements are entirely out of keping with the character of the Institution. Sanitary plumbing need not necesarily be covered with nickel. Suitable bath tubs and closets Snust not necessarily be of the finest porcelain. The bills show that these sup- pile* were obtained from an Institution , which toas a reputation for making noth ing tout the finest goods In the market. The baOb tub* are roll-topped Corona tuba from a well-known Chicago establishment ■whose prices are admittedly high, but •which are maintained because of the quality of the goods. Hinges used in this work are described in the specifications as of the kind used in the Andrus building. There are few residences in Minneapo lis supplied "with nicer plumbing than that ■which has been put up in the poorhouae tor the use of thecounty'spaupers. Weare unable to say how much money has been wasted In this extravagance, but nobody can look at the work done without realiz ing that a great deal more money has been expended for the purpose than can be justified on any ground of necessity or propriety. Speaking of his effort to secure the in dictment of Sheriff Megaarden for over charges, the mayor says: I am not seeking for revenge, but I treat this oese just as 1 would treat a case of coun terfeiting ooourrlng in this city, or any vio lation of th» state law in this city, because the charter says that it it my duty, the duty of the mayor, to see that the laws of the state and the ordinances of the city are en forced. We are glad to see that the mayor Is ' becoming co sensitive ■to the obligations " '.■, ■which rest upon him officially to enforce the state laws and the ordinances of the city. We shall expect, for the sake of consistency, to see him inaugurating some very radical change* In his administra tion. We shall, tor instance, expect him to hold the saloons and gambling houses to a strict account, and such perform ances as that of a police officer giving » tip to a, gambling house when a raid Is about to be made is expected to produce a state of violent indignation, on the part of the mayor and to lead to the officer's removal. Wellington Kicked Out Senator George L. Wellington of Mary land, who openly expressed entire indif ference as to the assault upon President McKinley or its possible outcome, has been expelled from the Union League of Maryland. Though it is doubtful whether It can be done, Senator Wellington is morally entitled to expulsion from the senate. The intenseat partizan opposi tion to the president and the utmost scorn for his personality, even if founded upon the best of reasons, should not justify any one in feeling indifference to an attempt to kill the chief executive of the repub lic The shots fired at President McKinley were aimed at the republic and our form of government. They were in a sense aimed at the nation. He who would view with indifference the assassination of a public official because he is a per sonal enemy would view with indifference the destruction of the republic if the same carried with it the destruction of private enemies. Some Close Reasoning With Dr. Hanscom of the city health department making fine distinctions be tween himself as an inspector and him self as a private physician and with Judge Canty making a nice classification of crimes against the president as president and as a private citien, the local casuists have an abundance of food for thought. It appears that 'Dr. Hanscom holds that whenever he charges for vaccination he is a private physician and -conversely that whenever he is a private physician he charges for vaccination. Reasoning fur ther along this line, he concludes that since he charged the chorus girls for vac cination he was at that time acting in his private capacity and not as a public official. That being granted it cannot be denied that he had a right to charge for scraping the epidermis of the coryphees. On the other hand the managerial vic tim seems to be of the opinion that Dr. Hanscom ordered vaccination in his pub lic capacity, and, executing a presto change, performed it in his private ca pacity. But if it is admitted that at cer tain times Dr. Hanscom is a private citi en and at other times a public official, there must be moments when he changes from the one capacity to the other. It is quite natural that this transformation should have occurred between the mo ment of ordering vaccination and the mo ment of offering his services to perform the operations. Viewed in this light, Dr. Hanscom has a strong case and we advise him to retain that $25. The attempt to kill President McKln ley should not be permitted to divert the public attention from the Schley court of inquiry. This inquiry grows out of an attempt to ruin Admiral Schley, and his partisans, who comprise a large part of the public, should jealously follow every detail of the proceedings. Not the Way to Get the Truth It is asserted that the Buffalo police have used torture as a means of extracting a confession from Czolgosz. We hope that the report is without any foundation. If it is well founded the police should take notice that public opinion will not ap prove of such a course, even in the pres ent extraordinary circumstances. The people have just had enough of anarchy in a private citizen without being asked to tolerate it in public officials. A con fession exacted under torture is no con fession at all. It is as likely as not to be a pure fiction for the purpose of sav ing physical suffering. The history of judicial torture is one long record of false confessions. Torture is absolutely repugnant to our institutions and the sipirit of the times. If the Buffalo police have been torturing Czolgosz they are no better than the French military clique that persecuted and morally and mental ly tortured Dreyfus and then condemned him to the physical torture of Devil's island. The Opper cartoons in the New York Journal and Chicago American, some of which would have been quite enough to suggest to a poor fool like Caolgosz the doing of just what he did at Buffalo, have suddenly stopped, and instead of holding McKinley up to the execration and hatred of the discontented as the enemy of the people, the same space is de voted to pictures of his heroic deeds, and the job type on the same pages in which the editorials of these papers are printed is given to the most laudatory tributes to his virtues &« a man and as a presi dent. This yellowest of yellow journals seems to have been hit somewhere. Looting Missionaries Under the caption "Conditions in China* Sir Robert Hart, director of the Chinese maritime customs, contributes to the cur rent number of "The Great Round World" an extremely interesting and characteris- tically moderate statement of the mis sionary problem in China, as it appears at present, in which he refers to the charge of looting, against mdssionares in general and Dr. Ament in particular. Soft as is his language it is evident that Sir Robert holds that the missionaries have lacked discretion in the past and that the time has not yet come when it will be safe for them generally to resume their work. As to looting he distinctly states that missionaries did loot. Some of this loot ing was commanded by the law of neces sity—the necessity oX getting food, cloth ing and shelter at a time when they could be obtained in no other way, but Sir Rob ert adds: For some days after the relief, license, as inevitable, ruled, and one thing may safely be said—the missionary was, at all events, not worse than his neighbor; the probability is that he was 'better, and the certainty Is that, for whatever he did, he had better rea sons and more justification than others. And yet, just because he Was a missionary, crit icism was all the more pointed. It is painful to read these words which in the mildest possible language admit that the missionaries or some of them did Join in the general license following the relief of the besieged legations. No mat ter what the temptation, no matter what their feelings, missionaries of Christ should not have taken part in wanton loot ing, which is quite a different thing from taking the n*oessaries of life from an enemy. An for Dr. Ament Sir Robert gives him a clean bill of health. While holding that It was a proceeding of questionable wisdom tor Dr. Ament and other missionaries to seek to right their wrongs themselves he asserts that personal considerations never had the slightest weight with him in what Dr. Ament did In behalf of the missions. The so carefully made a.nd evidently mild and sympathetic statements of such an authority as Sir Rdbert Hart will be likely to stand In the public mind as a conviction of the missionaries or some of them oo the oharge of unjustifiable loot ing. If Sir (Robert is wrong the mission aries should lose no time in showing therein he errs. Record Breaking The Deutschland's last trip westward was a scorcher, for she made the run be tween Cherburg and New York in five days, twelve hours and twenty-three minutes, or six minutes faster than her fastest rec ord In 1900. That is pretty rapid steaming across the Atlantic, but the steamer men do not think the limit of speed has been reached yet, and they have an idea that the record-breaking may go on Indefin nitely and fogs and icebergs be hanged. It is true that steamship speeds have been increasing steadily during the last twenty years. Ten years ago, according to a writer in the Engineering News, there were only eight vessels whose speed ex ceeded twenty knots, and now there are fifty-eight, while there are thirty-four which have a speed of nineteen to nine teen and one-half knots. (A knot is 6,080.27 feet —about a mile and a sixth). The British steam turbine propelled destroyer Viper has a speed of 27.113 knots maxi mum, and a mean of 36.581 knots for one hour. The Paris and New York, ten years ago, recorded an ocean speed of 20.7 knots, while the Deutschland has maintained an average of 23.51 knots. The average hourly speed on the last trip was 23 knots. The increased speed is due to the increased steam pressure in the mer chant marine from 158 pounds to 197 pounds; piston speed from 529 to 654 feet, and the yielding by boilers of a greater power for, a given surface than formerly. The result has been the raising of sus tained ocean speed from 20.7 knots to 23.38 knots, while the maximum speed of any craft has been raised from 25 knots ten years ago, to 36.581 knots now, and, con currently, coal consumption has been re duced in ten years from 1.75 pounds per horsepower per hour to 1.5 pounds to-day in modern ships for ocean voyages. Ten years ago one ton of cargo was carried 100 miles for ten pounds of coal, and the same work is done now for about four pounds of coal. This is an enormous saving, yet the introduction of oil as fuel is reducing the cost of steam-making still more. The demands of business would hardly seem to require swifter running than the Deutsch land made, from 430 to 578 miles daily, and yet there are so many people not sat isfied with this ability to "go," that, no doubt, ambitious inventors will not rest until the trans-Atlantic time is cut down to three days. I Sack to "^^ 6 nove* heroine of to-day, . - who knows how to shoot or to Dickens! save the hero's life on occasion, or to warn the American army at Valley Forge of the approach of the British, under General Cornwallis, or to frustrate Aaron Burr's plans, is probably as strenuous a lady as has yet appeared in fiction. She can ride like a cowboy, swim.the horse across rivers if necessary, and foil the machination* of the British hirelings, -without so much as turning a hair. . , In severe contrast to her the heroine of the early forties or fifties was : almost always bathed in tears or in a state of coma. She •was always delicate and invariably timid and helpless. She rarely ate much, and affected the languid and languishing. George Eliot did much to destroy this state of mind and to bring the heroine to a stronger state of health. . . Of late there is something of a reaction, and people are beginning to demand a heroiae who has a little more timidity in her make up. A poetess in the New York Sun who '13 tired of massacres and nervy heroines sings as follows: We're tired of the dashing maid; We want a girl who cries; . We want a girl with fluffy hair And lovely, big, blue eyes. . Dickens' heroines always made a strong hit with us. They do the clinging act neatly and f without unnecessary fuss. They. v do not object to having their hands held in the twilight. They even place one white, delicate hand upon your coat sleeve. Even if they do faint now and then and are afraid of being bitten by the family cow, what of It? . Back to Dickens! . A sturdy but misguided young lady lost her life at Niagara last week by trying to go through the rapids in a barrel. Ju&t what useful end would have been subserved had j she gone through in safety is, another of these modern mysteries that grow more mys terious the more they are thought about. Georgia Washington took his little hatchet and wandered out Into the family orchard. "Who has carrlenatloned my cherry; tree?" exclaimed his father ten minutes. later, and after the deadly silence that ensued Georgia could be heard " 'leasing up" manfully. Then Cornwallis surrendered and all went well with us for some time. - — .—_ Where Is now the big Squash that took the role of the hero in the state fair tragi-comedy and shielded the shrinking Parsnip from the coarse gaze of the Prize Onion? Where 19 all that valor now? In the restaurant pie. Sic semper gloria mundi. •.,;■,-■ The Dowieitea have bought a large Baptist church in St. Louis, and the first thing that Elder Piper did at the first service was to re habilitate the good old-fashioned hell In St. Louis and to demand tithes to send to Chi cago. '.*> . ; ■Day before yesterday the local baseball club made it "four straight," and for several minutes eight to ten hundred fans in their excitement forgot to keep a close watch out for anarchists and scorchers. The Minnesota hen in twelve months is said to throw off $12,000,000 worth of strictly fresh «gga without turning a feather. -No .wonder the roosters get '■ up In the night to crow over this record. . v ■'.'■::''i?r'*'; Mr. yanderbllt, the Inventor, after looking over the Santos-Dumont airship, slapped tho inventor jovially on the shoulder., A slap from Van is worth more than some men promissory notes. • _". , Mrs. Annie Biggs of : Kansas is going to start a "reform paper" next March. The dis patches do not state whether the reform sought is in rum, politics, religion or hus band. The St. Paul Globe fears that the constitu tion will lose, us the America's cup. Th« Globe .is always - pessimistic where ' the > con stitution is concerned. : Mr. Bryan says it was Mr. Cleveland who "broke up the democratic party." Then what is all that wreckage In Mr. : Bryan's back yard? The United States coined $10,000,000 in Au gust. The coal man has our share burled in his ■; cellar. ,;r;:,*.- v -;; ■ , ; ".-..:, • • ... , .■' The old scrap leather clam: left ' ov«r from last season la showing up in the chowder. ' ■ What Makes Women Attractive. , ?}* St. Louis Post-Dispatch. ; „.: v Men . do;. not • understand > that nit- is "■- hap piness . that makes; women attractive. V* i -.• ';: (MBIWIiT ■M'JiMllllllil ■ OH . . •- -'->:-...■-.-, .■ --■ ■■- - ' .-■ THE MINNEAPOLIS JOURNAL. Hall Came on the Spiritual Republic Fred A. McKenzie in London Mall. The slight body, the great head, the eyes that burned and lit up the features with a glow, fascinated one. Hall Came atood at the window gazing out on the dull London streets. "I am reluctant to •peak," he said, "much as in some respects I could wish to do ao. My book, if it is properly done, ought to speak for itself. It should require no ex plauation or defence from me." "Are you satisfied with its reception?" I asked. "At the hands of the public—yes, more than satisfied. And of the critics I have no right to complain. Some of them have been not only just, but generous. Others have been in the highest degree sympathetic. I have no grievance. Even the adverse articles have only served to set up the electric current without which nothing ever succeeds in lit erature, and they have certainly not hurt me in the very least.'" "You see that according to our Rome cor respondent the pope has asked to have Th« Eternal City' read to him." "1 am much honored." "You are prepared for the pope's disap proval—on the question of the temporal power, for example?" "Naturally. The pope feels deeply on the subject, and Is sensitive to all opposition. A book which pictures a pope abandoning the temporal claims or the papacy cannot be agreeable to him." "Your views are, I suppose, those of your David Rossi?" "Substantially, Leo XIII. claims the tem poral power for the free exercise of his apostolic mission. To achieve that, he would require to have temporal power over the whole world. The thing is an impossibility." "But Rossi opposes it also in its funda mental essence, as the last bulwark of ab solutism." "What else la it? A pope who Is a king must be absolute. Such a thing as a con stitutional pope-king is an anomaly. It can not exist. When, therefore, Leo XIII. asks for the restoration of his temporal dominion he asks the people of Rome to return to a political condition in which they would have no powers in themselves. It is putting back by five hundred years the clock which marks the progress of the world." "Yet democrats like Archbishop Ireland in America advocate the restoration of the pope's temporal power. How do you account for that?" "I cannct account for it. Nobody can. It is one of the occult mysteries." "Will your dream of the pope abandoning the temporal claims ever come to pass?" "Why not? And who knows how soon. It is believed in Rome that Pius IX was at one moment at the very point of proposing terms. And the strongest candidate for St. Peter'a chair after Leo XIII. has been heard to say that the church has never had thirty such peaceful and prosperous years as since it lost the temporal power." "Will they put The Eternal City' on the Index?" "I don't think so. The English consulter to the Index is Father David, the Franciscan. I know a little of Father David. I consulted him about the confessional, and embodied some of his learning in my book." " Hall Came on Confession. "Isn't your teaching upon confession likely to give offence to Catholics?" "Only to those who know imperfectly the teaching of their church. The everyday con . fessor only knows that the seal of the con fessional is inviolable. His theological text books tell him that in strong terms. He sees that under no circumstances may the con fessional be turned into a detective agency. That is enough for him to think about, as a recent controvery in the 'Tablet' sufficiently shows. It is only In the rarest cases that the confessor is called upon to deal with con fessions which affect the general welfare. He can then seek counsel." "But haven't you made the impression that in certain cases the seal may be broken?" "No. But the seal affects the priest, not the penitent, and I have shown that where necessary to avert a great public calamity AMUSEMENTS Foyer (hat. Chauncey Olcott's new comedy and new songs seem to have caught the fancy of Min neapolis theater goers, for the big Metropoli tan is packed at every performance, and standing room was at a premium at the mati nee yesterday. There will be four more per formances, including matinee Saturday. The vaudeville bill for the first half of next week at the Metropolitan, beginning with Sunday evening, will include the clever sketch team Filson and Errol, in a one-act comedy, Jess Dandy, the Hebrew impersona tor, Mozzuz and Maxzett, comedy acrobats, J. Bernard Dyllyn, Sharp .and Flatt, musical specialists, Duke and Harris in a refined singing and comedy sketch, the Gregsons, unique dancers and cake walkers, and Billy Rice, the king of minstrels. There will be an entire change of bill for the last half of the week. Comedy will hold the boards at the Bijou the coming week, commencing Sunday after noon, and the occasion will serve to introduce for the first time here Guy F. Steeley'a new farce, "Hunting for Hawkins." This play was produced several weeks ago in the east and the press have been unanimous in their praise of both the play and the presenting company. In spite of the bad weather of yesterday, two large audiences gathered at the Bijou to SONG OF THE CAMP Bayard Taylor was born in Chester county, Pannsylvanla, Jan. 11, 1825, of Quaker parents. His first publication gave his name as James Bayard Taylor. His boy hood was passed on a farm. At 17 he was apprenticed to a printer. He wrote for magazines and newspapers. He traveled much afoot in Europe and Asia, mas tered dozens of languages, established a newspaper, wrote books of travel, lec tured before universities,, translated Goethe's "Faust" into English verse, bought an interest In the New York Tribune, was In Perry's expedition to Japan, got rich, was secretary of legation for the United States at St. Petersburg during the civil war, was professor of German literature at Cornell, United States minister to Ber lin, and died at that post. , \- r: ■"■•_.-,:_■: '•Give us a song!" the soldiers cried, -jfi^^SW The outer trenches guarding, T J33k When the heated guns of the camps allied £%Sk Mm SBr Grew weary of bombarding. aa^BtCy»9iß Tfle daik Redan, In silent scoff, JKngBpSSBf v Lay, grim and threatening, under, - : .«» |pP^MW ' And the tawny mound of th« Malakoff /™W^ No lonßer Delcned its thunder. 'fc'^r » There was a pause. A guardsman said: / • .. "We storm the forts to-morrow; Sing while we may; another day ; , Will bring enough of sorrow." They lay along the battery's side, ■ . Beyond the darkening ocean burned . Below the smoking cannon— 1- , The bloody sunset's embers, Brave hearts from Severn and from Clyde While the Crimean valleys learned . And. from the banks of Shannon. How English love remembers. They sang of love, and not of fame; ' \ And once again a fire of hell Forgot -was Britain's glory; ; Rained on the Russian quarters, Each- heart recalled'« different name, "With scream of shot and shriek of shell, But all sang "Annie Laurie." And bellowing of the mortars! <• Voice after voice caught up th» song. And Irish Nora's eyes are dim Until Its tender passion , For a singer dumb and gory; Rose Ilk* an anthem, rich and stron*— • And English Mary mourns for him Their battle-eve confession. : Who sang of "Annie Laurie." ,;. ; - .--.;. ■ . ... .;: T . .•;.. : - ■ - - ':. '•■.-, ;■■ ■ • ■ . - Dear girl, her name be dared not speak. Sleep, soldiers! still in honored rest But as the song grew louder. : • Your truth and valor wearing; Something upon the soldier* cheek . , The bravest are the tenderest- Washed off the stains oX powder. ;,: . : Th» loving are the daring. THURSDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 12, 1901. the confessor not only can but must call upon his penitent to reveal the dungerou.3 facts to the proper authorities." "But failing his power to do that?" "He must do the thing himself, but In such a way as" not to lead to the identification of the penitent." "Is that the teaching of the church?" "It ie the teaching of its leading theologi ans. And it is Christian teaching. Without It the confessional would be an unchristian institution, which in its regard for the sanc tity of the individual soul could forget its duty to God and become the silent accomplice of crime." Italy of To-day. "Do you in The Eternal City' set out to depict the present condition of Italy?" "No. I use a good deal of Italian material —the Milan riots, the attempts on the life of the late king, the Crisp] policy, the Rudlni policy, the Pelloux policy, the preas laws, the public safety decree, the poison scandals, the Accerito case, and much besides. But Italy is only the necessary springboard for a plunge into the universal. I have taken great liberties with Itaiian affairs. When I de scribe the abdication of the king, I am think ing not merely of the personal abdication of King Victor Emmanuel, but of the hour of the downfall of the monarchical system. In the same way the description of the pope's abandonment of the temporal power has no reference to Leo XIII. It is intended to de pict the crisis at which the church will see that henceforth it must devote itself entirely to its spiritual mission." .The I n I versa! Republic. '•Then 'The Eternal City' is Mazzinis dream of a universal republic, and your man Rossi is, so to speak, a study of Mazzini?'' "He is intended to be a younger and later Mazzini, without the revolutionary methods, and with such differences as might have ap peared In the great Italian if he had been born half a century later." "Your critics are saying your politics are not to be seriously considered, and that the picture you paint of a future time is a mere Utopia." "Didn't they Bay the same to Mazzini him eelf? Look at Farini's History, translated ty Mr. Gladstone. The lofty ridicule of Maz zlni's hopes Is almost, humorous. Yet half of Mazzinl'g Utopia has already come to pass." "You honestly believe in David Rossi's charter for yourself?" •I do." "And you accept the Lord's Prayer as a guide for the nation as well ac for the indi vidual?" \ "Indeed, yes. I think that part of it which deals with temporal affairs turns a flood of light on the world of men, and is good as politics as well as good as religion." "You really believe that nations could be ruled by it?" "Is it so very brave to say I do? Have you read Professor Hanarck's great book—hia lec tures In Berlin? He deals at length with the Lord's Prayer, and says: 'Some of us who ar« not to be dismissed as dreamers regard the fulfilment of its predictions as something more than a mere Utopia.' " "So the deepest thing in 'The Eternal City' is really- your dream of a Europe in whien national barriers will be broken down, war abolished, and patriotism itself superseded by the broader spirit of the brotherhood of man?" "That is so. And in the face of the signs of the times, leading on with tremendous strides to that great end, I am not afraid of the cheap sneers of the people who dee noth ing more than the step beneath their feet, and when they read a book must read it with a microscope. "If the breadth of incident and outlook in my book lays it open to the charge of being melodramatic I have no reason to complain. In that sense the most melodramatic thing in life is life itself. The drama of the nine teenth century, with its wonderful and almost miraculous changes in the status of man, ie a hundredfold more melodramatic than any thing I have dared to offer." see the performance of "In Old Kentucky." Friday evening there will be a dancing con teat in which a number of local dancers wlil compete with the "In Old Kentucky" picka ninnies for the cash prize of $10 and a num ber of other prizes. AMERICAN LIFE M. Jules Cambon, the French ambassador to the United States, in an interview at Paris, contrasted American with French life. He said a person who has never been in America cannot imagine how atractive life is in that land of work, energy and big ness. To one returning to Europe its ports seem ridiculous, its rivers look like brook lets, and its mountains like mole hills. The ambassador said further that the Americans are strong and solid and don't waste time on useless things. They don't indulge in absinthe or read bad literature. There i 3 none of the old-world artificiality or snob bishness in America. People look at things with clear common sense. If things are wrong and need changing, they are changed. Old, useless methods are not tolerated sim ply because they are old, as is too often tht case in Europe. Altogether, M. Cambon said some very pleasant things about us. Country of Various Resource*. Baltimore American. Italian sardines are canned in Maino, French peas in Indiana, Chinese lanterns are made in New York, Spanish onions are bot tled in Philadelphia. We are a worfd power, really. V< i&AJ \\ \i f L in tp i ii ■» • fli tit fill -«^X43ik. Cr<iJiA gluexl: Copyright, 1901, by F. Gallagher. The little schoolhouse on its rock knoll juat T/ithin the limits of Lost Gulch, had become the center of a village drama, the wooing' and winning of the beautiful Miss Selina Darley. Every one recalled the sad fate of Rufua Tyler, who had once aspired to the hand of Miss Selina, at least according to the notion of Ben Rayburn. The career of Rufua Tyler as telegraph operator at the Denver & Rio Grande station had been brought to a sudden end, and Rufus was taken to a hospital in Denver, where he was mending slowly. Shortly after Ben Rayburn and several cow boys came In from Sunnyside ranch and rode through the town, firing right and left. They punctured signs, killed several unfortunate canines, and a cat or two, and even shattered costly plate-glass windows. "This sort o' thing has got to be stopped," said young Sheriff Holt. No sheriff had ever dared to say that be fore. If the sheriff -was in earnest, and those who knew him best said there could be no doubt of this, it meant death to either Ray burn or himself. About the time the newly elected sheriff made this remark h« began to call at the schoolhouse to rehearse in a play Miss Darley was to give for charity. The news soon reached the jealous Rayburn. Col lecting five of his cronies among the cowboys on Sunnyside ranch, he rode into Lost Gulch early one morning. He arrived early because he wanted plenty of time and Inspiration. That night he repeated his antics of a few weeks before, terrorizing the inhabitants of Lost Gulch aa they had never been terrorized before. The next morning, in three distinct public places, the townsfolk gathered to read this notice: "Whereas. Benjamin Rayburn, in defiance of law, has persistently disturbed the peace and good order of Lost Gulch, he is warned to stay out of town or take the consequences. (Signed) —"Silas Holt." This notice immediately divided the towns folk into two factions. Undoubtedly the bet ter class of citizens sided with Holt. But there wtre others who scornfully said ••spite work," and predicted the sudden demise of the sheriff. "Ef Ben Rayburn don't bowl up too much, Silas Holt won't stand a ghost of a show," said one. "There ain't no one in these dig gins can stand alongside o' Rayburn at ar tillery practice." It was the night of the entertainment at the schoolhouse. In the comedy Sheriff Holt was to take the part of an officer of the law. The schoolhouse was thronged. The ris ing, or, rather, the drawing aside, of the red cambric curtain was awaited with Interest. At 8 o'clock sharp five cowboys from Sunnyside ranch strode into the schoolhouse. At their head was Ben Rayburn. Instantly the nerves of every man, woman and child above the age of 7 years were on edge. "The reserved bench" occupied by the cow boys was set against the wall at the left, facing the stage. The cowboys, therefore, commanded not only a view of the stage, but of the entire house. There was a smiie of sneering bravado on the lips and in the eyes of Ben Rayburn. Fearless, hungry for tha fight, thrilled with the excitement he loved above all things In life, he sat and waited like some saturnine Nemesis. Would he shoot Holt as he came upon the stage, or would he give him a chance for his life? This question agitated the spectators and they hoped for a fair deal. Suddenly the curtain was drawn aside and Sheriff Holt stepped out to the footlights. In each hand he held a revolver, and these were crossed in front of him with their muzzles pointed upward. He was half turned toward the place where Rayburn sat, and it was clear to the dullest eye that in the least frac tion of a second the revolvers could be brought into effective action. Daily New York Letter BUREAU OF THE JOURNAL, No. 21 Park Row, New York. Patterson Anarchist Nest. Sept. 12.—Disciples of the dagger, the re volver and the dynamite bomb, have for years made their headquarters in Paterson and ap parently no one has raised a finger to check them. From Paterson to New York is but the journey of a few minutes and the "Reds" of New York and their ilk of Paterson have been closely allied. It was only a bit over a year ago that the scoundrel Brescl was sent from Paterson on the infamous "mission" to assassinate the lamented Humbert of Italy. That Bresci was .one of the Paterson band was well known from the day of the murder. It was as well known that the whole black plot was planned in a Paterson groggery, where the dastards were in the habit of meet ing. Yet, strange to say, neither the federal officials nor those of New Jersey or of Pater son, did anything to break up the band or even stop the open rejoicing at the killing of the head of a friendly nation, whose mur der was planned under the protection of our flag. And even more recently, within a few weeks as a matter of fact, the same anarchist band, held a public mp'-'ting to "celebrate" the anniversary of Humbert's death, making the occasion one for the laudation of Brescl as a hero and martyr. Yet the "celebration" was not Interrupted. This was because this is a "free country" and "the right of free speech is to remain inviolate." It was as a result of this "freedom" the American people have seen the same anarchists encouraged to a deed which for downright baseneßS and ln excusability has known no eq'ial in history. Big Ocean Carrier*. That all of the leading transcontinental and eastern trunk line railroads are fully aroused to the necessity of having big, up-to-date ships for carrying freight to the Important foreign markets, if they are to hold their own on a large portion of their interior traffic, is made clear by developments from day to day. One of the most Interesting feat ures is the announcement of the Pennsyl vania railroad officials that radical changes are to be made in the handling of ocean freight at this port, which will permit of a considerable reduction in the cost, besides prompter service. They are something like the White Star steamship Celtic, and the first one is expected to be completed by Oct. 1. The Pennsylvania railroad has j'lst broken ground for two great piers, each 700 feet long and two stories high in Jersey City. One of them is to be 150 feet wide and the other 100 feet wide. The present three piers wnlch they will replace are occupied by the Inter national Navigation company and Red Star line, which are practically controlled by the Pennsylvania railroad. An Interesting feat ure of the new Improvement Is that these piers are to be connected with the freight tracks of the Pennsylvania railroad, so that cars may be run right upon the wharfs and loading and unloading of vessels may be ac complished without the necessity of lighter ing, which is expensive. Horses will be used to transfer the cars, and It is hoped that in ttJjie this work can be done with electric motors. Steam is not allowed by the authori ties of Jersey City. The idea of two-storied piers is a novel one, and some believe that H is only a question of time when the cars will be run to the piers on an elevated struct ure, thereby still more lessening the expanse of loading. A Pool In the Pacific Trade. Attention has already been called to the plans of the New York Central railroad for building similar piers at Weehawken for t^e convenient handling of ocean freight, and It Is understood that these two great railroads are acting In harmony. All of these Improve ments are designed particularly to meet the requirements of larger vessels, which, it Is asserted by shipping men, have a great ad vantage over smaller crafts when low rates prevail, as at present. It is believeji that oontracts for more ocean leviathans will be let before the end of the year. Outside of the railroads mentioned, among the companies which have been arranging for extensive steamship service to foreign countries are the Illinois Central and Reading. It was said that besides the plans of the Harriman rail road companies for getting a large share of the oriental business, another matter that Is being seriously considered and about which unusual secrecy Is maintained, is the Ques tion of the formation of a great pool among the railroads, with a view to apportioning the entire Pacific trade among the various companies, so as to avoid the inevitable losses The sheriff" had plainly taken the first trick. While a deathlike stillness prevailed, the sheriff cleared his throat and began to speak, perhaps a trifle huskily. '•You all read the DOtice that was posted in town and you know what it means. Ben Rayburn knows what it means, but in spite of that notice he is here and his gang is with him. I am alone—" "No yu' hain't nuther; not by a jugful," interjected Colonel Darley. uncle of Selina Darley, as he rose in his place and glared across the room at Rayburn. "It makes no difference," continued Ho!t. "Alone or not alone, what I said I mean:. While I am sheriff peace has got to be pre served in this community and the laws re spected. 1 warned Rayburn to keep out of town, and"—here the sheriff's voice rose to a high and querulous pitch—"there ain't agoin' to be a play to-night until him and his gang is beyond the city limits." "It's all spitework!" shouted a voice from the rear. "Shet ep," commanded Colonel Darley, ri^ ing for further remarks and somewhat at ft loss what to say. "The law has been bruf too often by this bulldozin' outfit and the/ bey got to go." Rayburn was still grinning, but there was a strange glitter in his eye. "Ef you'll allow me Id like a word to square this deal," he said. "Go ahead and be quick. Your time is short," said Colonel Darley ominously. "All I got to say Is this," Rayburn went on. "Ef 1 ever done anything that wasn't aecordin' to law I oughter been arrested then and there." Then he sat down. "I tell you it's all a piece of spite," broke in again the sharp and Jarring voice from the back of the room. It was Tom Stoker the blacksmith, who had led the lynching six months before when a negro was burned at the stake. "You all know, or all oughter know, what the cause of this hyar rumpua is," he con tinued. •It's over a gal, and I don't think as how we're called on to Interfere in this lovt» affair. It's domestic between the par ties and I fer my part won't uphold the hand of no sheriff what lets his private affairs in tervene with the dooties of his office." This eloquent and uncouth appeal aroused a faint murmur of approval. The excitement now was at boiling point. The wrong word said, and the shooting would begin. Already the women were crowding toward the door dragging the little ones after them in uncere monious fashion. It was at this tragic moment that a young man, graceful, -with blue eyes and blondu hair, arose well to the front and walked to ward the stage, leaping lightly upon It It was Mark Kelsey, owner of the Sleepy-Eye mine. "Ladles and gentlemen," he saia, "I entire ly agr.ee with the sheriff in this matter. So far as I am acquainted with the circum stances there Is no spitework in it The young lady who has been brought into this affair is Miss Darley. To-day I asked her to be my wife and she has done me the hono to consent. I wish to announce the engage ment now and to say that the play can go on." Four men, all miners from the Sleepy- Eye, gave a cheer and rushed forward to the stage. At the same time Rayburn drew his revolver, but it was twirled 'from his hand Whether it was a bullet-from the sheriffs revolver or from Kelsey's, no one knew; but Rayburn's hand fell shattered to his side H^s cronies dropped back upon the bench "No use flghtin' fer nuthin'," said one Rayburn lied to us." Then the sheriff did his whole duty with firmness and dignity. The offenders were placed under arrest and escorted to the Jail and as Mark Kelsey had predicted, the play of competition. Representatives of most of far, however, there seems little chance th« rival companies will consent to Mr Hn 8 terms. It is said that he feels confident Ca ou e 8 shfp? iD the rUnnlu * of hi* «orm* Some Kiel, Men' B House*. los^ °' associations, radiating from not only Manhattan's busy life but that of th' "2 a n Well- enter about the names of Morgan. Depew and Rockefeller, whose homes here are models of elegance and architectural beauty. The residences of Senator Cl,aun™y M Depew and John D. Rockefeller are only a few steps from one another, just west of Fifth avenue, on Fifty-fourth street. That of J. Pierpont Morgan is, curiously, some peool* ? w»iT ay r°m the "MeCCa of Millionaires," as Fifth avenue has been designated. His Madison avenue residence, however is by no means out of the pale of the high class residential section, since that avenue is dotted with splendid homes. The homes of those men whose names are of first rank In great business and financial circles are indicative of what the American men of means desires in the way of well appointed homes, both in exterior and interior. Senator Depew's house is now in process of alteration. His architects are building for him a two-story bow win dow in the front of the house. The exterior is now nearly completed, and the interior work is soon to begin. The homes of Messrs. Rockefeller and Morgan are of a severer etylo of architecture than is usually to be ob served in Filth avenue. Mr. Rockefeller's Is often commented upon from the fact of the comparatively great amount of yard space it possesses. Altogether, the houses of Messrs. Morgan, Rockefeller and Depew are distinc tive enough to attract more than casual at tention, even in a city of magnificent resi dences. Policemen Who Were Too Quick. Some years ago Captain "AJeck" Williams stopped the praotlce of patrolmen leaving their posts long before the time their reliefs could reach the k-aving point, by shutting up the outgoing squad at 6 o'clock one evening instead of sending the men out on patrol. A choice assortment of lies was reeled off by the men who had come in from patrol duty thinking the night squad had b««n turned out! This broke up the practice !n the Tenderloin precinct for a time. With the new three platoon system things are worse than they ever were. At the hours of relief, at points two or three blocks from the stations as many as half a doten policemen can be seen awaiting the moment the relieving squad is turned out This leaves whole block* unpro tected for as long as halt on hour In the lower part of the city and for much longer higher up town. —Edward S. Luther. A DISCOURAGING MODEL, Just the airiest, fairest slip of a thin*: With a Galnsboro hat, like a butarfly's win*. Tilted up at one side with th» jauntiest air. And a knot of red roses sown tinder there Where the shadows are lost in her hair. Then a cameo face, canrtd la on a ground Of that shadowy hair, whtr» the roses art* wound; And a gl?am of a smile, O, v fair and as faint And as sweet as the masters of old used to paint Round the lips of their favorite saintl And that lace at her throatr-and the flutter ing hands Showing there, with a grace, that no art un derstands— The flakes of their touches—.first fluttering at The bow—then the roses—the hair—and theu that Little tilt of the Galnsboro hat. O, what artist on earth with a modal Ilk* this Holding not on his palette t3j» tint of a kiss. Nor a pigment to hint of the hue of her hair. Nor the gold of her tnulle—o. what artis; could dare To expect a result hatr so fair. —Jmnna Whltcoxnb Riley.