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How Minneapolis Put On Mourning for McKinley . —Photos by A. S. Williams ** - • *■ ■. H. ..v . „", ■;. -£ -_ -.... ■.■.... .- ■-.. ■. . lih -. - Vii , . t.,i,,: ■■...■■ s :.■ ..-j. ..--.: ■ ■ ;..--. v , . . . '. _, > ..',-.'' . ■ - . . ..■ -■-..- " ,; . ■ . - - . ■ " • *--*' E^nm Bus Wlj^siafc I AVk lfcivk i^jn \ . Tim BnjßSfr I mm JMmMfMm i 1 _S ** tfii HH hßj ; JBiB #'j^LjidP^L^^jß B> j* §?* Bi»»aliiiiii (THE GLASS BI&OK, 2SNTRANOD TO JOHN W» THOMAS & CO. GOLDFISH AND HOW TO KEEP THEM Easy Enough If You Know How—Some Ideas on Artificial Ponds and Aquariums. Until cue has owned gold fish, learned their Habits and watched their "house keeping" one can have little idea of how Interesting they are. Unlike many inter esting pets, so expensive that they can ke had only loy the wealthy, or so hard to keep, that only those can have them who have become experts, goldfish are both so cheap that they are within the easy reach Of ail and of so little trouble that they tnay he entrusted to a child. It Is true that many of the fish sold live only a short time in their new homes and that many people become discouraged over toe fatalities. Many become inter ested in the fish and would like to keep them, but they die about as fast as they are bought. This is not necessary and is usually the result of over care, over feed ing and too much handling in changing title water. The ordinary gold flsh globe is respon- Iffble for a large per cent of the deaths, as It is about as unsuitable a vessel as could well be devised for the purpose. Its shape is such that it does not expose a sufficient surface of water to the air in proportion to the bulk. Unless the globe is large it is almost impossible to make any water plants grow in it. Should it be left in the direct sunlight Its curved sides are apt to concentrate the rays of the sun so as to overheat the water and weaken the flsh if it does not kill them. It magnifies and distorts the flsh so that it is difficult to tell anything about their shape or size. The rectangular aquarium, 12x12x24 inches or In about that proportion is much better suited In respect to all these points; while one made 16x24 laches and 8 or 10 Inches deep is an Improvement, in that It leaves a larger surface of water In proportion to the volume exposed to the air. AI Bood, ch*ap aquarium is •an all glass one, circular in shape, 12 or 15 inches In diameter and seven inohes deep. Such a ; veseel can usually be obtained "without inu6h:trwil)le^v; -.••:-; ■. - :.'vC-.,:..;.V. .■-.'~i.--,;-- fTh.9 cold flab, is & carp «md a pond fish THB PALACE, THE) SURPRISffi AND BEYONTV. rather than a stream fish. While the trout requires running -water the gold fish does better in still water. A pond is usually longer and wider than its depth, therefore have your aquarium wider and longer than its depth. A pond has no one to change the water every day, once a -week or ©very eight days. Do not change the water In your aquarium at any. such stated, intervals. A pond has an abund ance of vegetation in the water. This is absolutely essential in the equarium. The fleh breathe the oxygen in the water and ■will die in water from which it has been exhausted as quickly as they will in the air. The plants furnish the oxygen. As it Is for tho sake of the oxygen that the water is changed, they obviate the neces sity of change. If the amount of vegeta tion in the water is insufficient the fact soon beoomes apparent in the action of thefluh. They come to the surface to breath breathe, are restless and finally die of as are restless and finally die of asphyxia If there is too much vegetation the water is apt to jbecome gTeen and turbid, de tracting also from the beauty of the aqua rium which ehould be the most attractive thing in the room and will be if rightly managed. In an aquarium containing three gallons of water and three or four flsh of medium size, two and a half or three inches long, the water should be changed only ■when it becomes green. This should not occur oftener than once in six -weeks or two months. There are those who succeed in keeping the warter perfectly pure for six months. In one Minneapolis aquarium containing six or eight good-Bized fish and an abundance of ca<bomba, the best aquatic plant for the purpose, the water has not been changed for four years and it is very clear and- beautiful. Three or four tadpoles and as many aquatic snails in an aquarium of this size are very desirable. The tadpoles are splendid scavengers. They will do a great deal toward keeping sediment from ac cumulating in the bottom, -while the snails will keep the confervae from form THE MINNEAPOLIS JOTJKNAL, . ,•. .. -. ■ •.••'■; ",--r ■"-•:■• •.'-.y.-'-, -. >.:■■■' •"■:,. .*:\i~:; ' ' •-■•-•■:■ -?:'*<<'U/,-v.; >-.- I.""™'v'* .'•■ V;;""-".': >.-"..■■•':.■..-.."..•.-. ,:";.:«.• r ■' ■^^y§ KNsrcsl mzMluM NMP^K^I I ' : —. ... : '■ ..''■'• ! ''•jv.i . THE MINNEAPOLIS DRY GOODS ENTRANCE. ing on the glass and obstructing the view. Fresh water should toe added as that in the aquarium evaporates, great care being taken to insure an even temperature. The temptation to overfeed the flsh is very great, for they soon learn t6 know the one who feeds them and to eat from the hand, and one desires to "show off" to guests. Overfeeding is probably the cause of as many fatalities as the handling incident to too frequent chang ing of the water. Many authorities say ,to feed only every other day or once a week during the winter, as this is the season in which the fish naturally hiber nate, and in confinement they are much less active. They may, however, b© fed sparingly once a day at a regular hour, preferably in the morning. If it is more convenient to feed every other day the fish will not suffer. They find much to eat in the water. Thousands of animalculae swarm among the confervae, and these furnish the very best of fish food. Crack ers, rolled oats or cer-eals of any kind or any of the prepared! fish foods may be used. Never give more than the fish will eat at any one time. None should ever be left in the water ag< it decomposes and renders the water unhealthful. Angle worms cut up in short pieces or scraped beef make an agreeable change once or twioe a week. Although gold fish is indigenous to a warm, temperate climate, still the house is apt to be too warm for its comfort dur ing the summer months. Outdoor life brightens the color of the fleh after a winter in the house. The writer's flsh showed their appreciation of out-door life by spawning. Now there are about fifty fish instead of three. The writer made a small out-door pool, It cost 95 cents, including 25 cents dray age, and was made as follows: The larger of the two parts, about 6xlo feet, was hollowed out saucer-shaped to the depth of about eighteen inches. A hole was then dug in the center two feet in diameter and three feet deep, into this was placed a section of 18-inch sewer pipe, obtained from a scrap pile, on end so that the top was even with the bottom of the pond, the earth filled in around it and firmly tamped ( down. The smaller part is four feet in diameter, eight inches deep, and connected with the larger by a channel six inches wide. The expense was 70 cents for a bag of Portland-cement and, as stated, 25 cents for drayage. The cement was mixed with two parts of sand and enough water to make a mortar. The earth inside the sewer pipe was coyered with a layer of cement. This forms a splendid place for water lilies if they are desired. The fish appreciate a deep place made in this way where they may retire if they are frightened, and where they may go in.the heat of the day. The & Wmm B^riKi 11 1 I I •Bqr&, ? 9 1 ■ i&sd^ r ■:*■ mhhhWhV* iVOV HbV^bt^hßl HHJPJffflff^^^^^ 1' ■^'^TBHB^^^^^^^n^^^F^Ssvfl^P^Mr^^^^^ ii jhmbMHß! „» « -' THB JOURNAL BUILDING. ;•' GGOOiXJJLQW'S AND : ' HELN'EICH'S, '? cement was then i put in the rest of the pond and spread to the required thifckness .(less ; than an l;inch) with an old broom. The cement • should be ' given ■ time to j dry thoroughly before water is put in. Plants and '; aquatic grasses " were, arranged ; ; in various parts and weighted down '■ with small 1 stones, some saffd being placed about the roots for them" to hold to. - The small pond has been very useful in raising the young fish. Goldfish ea't'not only their own eggs but the little fish as ■well if j they, get a chance. >-? A^fe w stones or a piece of wire screen cuts off the little \ pond Where the spawn was placed and left .to' hatch, whch it did in from four daya to a week. r :'•-'■:''■;■■[ j There are very * few things of more in terest •• than Twatchingr: the hatching . sluZ. development of the small flsh.;y ; This may be done to advantage by placing a ; few spawn in a glass in .house where it- will get- the morning :. At the end of two or three days two ;little^black dots—the —may be seen jn the, egg;. then: a curved black line which later develops into a back bone, and inside of a week,' usually, a*, smallg thread i like object j with ™| large ' pair; of eyes on one end is seen. ■ darting about in the glass. : This is th« fish. ~ - 1: The very best water obtainaMeis good enough f6r,"gold flsh:;:^The writer supplies water from a well. to replace | that which evaporates. •It is , very clear and trans .parenti t^hlletHoEer ponds In which city water is used ere dark and muddy in ap pearance. tA^few minutes pumping s each , morniug ie enough to keep the ponds filled. 1 : The tadpoles are also of exceeding ; vin-' : terest while ; they ara gradually, changing into:frogs.-^J,-;',::-v,- / ■['■;■,■■}'. IT-^fi / \'.: r l .. . The writer feels more , than repaid ; for all the time and labor bestowed on his pond and ; fisb. ; It vhas: been done almost en tirely after offlee hours and on Saturday afternoons. '.-.;^v> ■'. :-?*^>^. ", , | j ■It may be: remarked*- incidentally, while the ■ interested in tlie problem of killing mosquitos that a few gold flsh placed in fountain basins, pools, etc., will do more toward destroying the mosquito larvae than could be done with twice i their price V invested * ; in i John -: D. < Rockefeller's patent "Wiggler Exterminator." Gold fish will not all the vegetation with which they | come in ? contact jas does Mr. Rocke feller's preparation. They 4o not ex hale an oder which renders the country uninhabitable for a . radius of "ten "miles. They ; do--noiisive. the water an appearance of • stagnation,- but rather help"Upkeep-it pure and clear, besides fmrnishing endless . profitable "entertainment :for ; ' those who are tso fortunate as to have them." .--.". < ■ ' ' -'■-■"■ "':'■■''- ''■'!'-:'; •'" ■■■"■" ■*'• ':r;:■■'■■-■}>-- ■ ■-', ■'■ ~ *%'-:!• -I--? : . ■ ■ -'.'*■• :■) y- ■■ ■ -;'.. lion't < Keep Tliluk» Too ', Don't Ui« homebody wants them. Advertise them tn the 'Journal want columns you'll set money tot * -nj. , v '-—;•' JATUKDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 21, 1901. o^^j"^ ,c •"* *. v*^J 'Skit i »^ik^SßßßßHff^ifeii^^jP^^B^^^Hk^^P H^^^^SbHf ~ I Swl KsmSS & r 111 BAVW ~^KS^BrOl Bui ws. ■-' T"i >r H Igl^^^p^Wap^^jß^a^BjjjSiFSHßHKjMffHßS I^H^ w^Sw^^^Miktm BESl^wSßiSy^** Vi^S^^sSSsSs X ■ b* . I A MAGNIFICENT MEMORIAL "WINDOW. —? THls beautiful windo-w In Donaldson's Glara Block waa photographed by electrio light. It contains over $300 worth of plants and flow* •ra <asd beaatltol piec* o£ work in design and exaoutian. . ' .. . , ..... . t SB BB ■?• HBI fli Bi BH BS If I 1 Vontf I fljj HJK -B: ■ Hi 99 pB n| fl El I:B - mam BB ■■ft IBR llibHb i fliH f» .. i ,- AE& w ■ , ' : * !■ ■■ aBHI BEb ■H BW 91 if HIH ' I 91 ~? -»: •-aat ■ 15 ai K7.., *J . ■ a| J^BSe ■' Bil Bteiw ':*^ /I bSi BARNABY'S CORNER, ■ — . -- . J ■■■:.. ..-■. ,5 ■.,■:■:■;...■:■.." ■■■■■:■'■■..•■■-.;. ■■■■■■■.- : . ,■.-■.■■■■■■..- ,- .■■■. ■' . \ * ■. ,■■ ■■■ ■:. ■ ■ .■■ ■■-■>■■■. : '■■ ■ ; '.. •./■■■■.■ .;. ; ; -■■ I£HB Bia STOEB AND BROWNING, KING A CO. THE '■ BEARD » COM PANT'S^ ENTRANCE.