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The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, September 23, 1901, Image 1

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THE MINNEAPOLIS JOTJR^JLt.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
SOOTH WITH
ROOSEVELT
He Is Expected to Follow in
McKinley's Footsteps.
WORDS OF LOYALTY
Prominent Southerners Voice Faith
in the President.
ROOSEVELT DISCUSSED ANARCHY
.Mguifli'iint Words Spoken In Chi
cago Yeara Ano Are
Hecalled.
How York Sun Samolml Smrv/om
Richmond, Va., Sept. 23.—The people
here feel very kindly toward President
Roosevelt. They express the opinion that
the opportunity is now offered for him
to make warm friends of the southern
people. Governor Taylor said he thought
Roosevelt would follow in the footsteps
of the late president and carry on the
work of trying to reunite the north and
south. The following additional expres
sions were made:
Former Attorney General Rufus A. Ay res—
The people oi" the south, 1 ;.m quite uurc, will
be willing to meet Mr. Roosevelt more than
half way. They will be satisfied if he shall
treat with them iv the same friendly spirit
as did Mr. McKiiney.
Congressman H. D. Flood—We appreciate
the president's kindly egressions, just as we
do those from any other president. I think
the southern people everywhere will do what
ever they can to make Mr. Roosevelt's ad
ministration a success. Vi •
Colonel John Murphy, Former Comman
dant of Lee Camp.Confederate Veterans— am
a great admirer of President Roosevelt, and
believe he is going to make an excellent
president. Every southern man will fully
appreciate his recently uttered etntiments.
Wo want our president to visit us, so thai
we may know him better, and he may be
come better acquainted with us.
ROOSEVEL.T OX AXARCHY
Straightforward Words Spoken
Ov«r Eleven \eara Abo.
Special to The Journal.
Chicago, Sept. 23.— the midst of tie
present denunciations of anarchy, Chica
goans who heard Theodore Roosevelt'
speak at the fourth annual banquet of the
Marquette club on March 25, 1890, are
recalling the straightforward manner In
which he dealt with the subject of anarchy
on that occasion. His speech on the sub
ject of "Good Americanism" contained the
following-:
From his own standpoint, it is beyond all
question a wise thing for the immigrant to
become thoroughly Americanized. Moreover,
from our standpoint, we have a right to de
mand it. We freely extend the hand of wel
comes here.honestly Intent on becoming a good
"matter what his creed or birthplace, who
comes here, honestly intet on becoming a good
United States citizen like the rest of us;
but we have a right and it is our duty to
demand that he shall indeed be so. and shall
not confuse the Issues with which we are
now struggling by introducing among us
old-world quarrels and prejudices.
There are certain things which he must give
up, as, for instance, he must learn that
American life Is Incompatible with the ex
istence of any form of anarchy, or commun
ism, or, indeed, of any secret society having
murder as its aim, whether at home or
abroad; and he must learn that we exact
full religious tolerance, and the complete
separation of church and state. It is not
enough that those already Americans shall
remain such; the Immense multitude of new
comers must also become such. The mighty
tide of immigration to our shores has brought ]
in its train much of good and much of evil; j
and whether the good or evil shall predomi
nate depends mainly on whether these new
comers will or will not throw themselves
heartily into our national life, cease to be
European and become Americans like the rest
of us. To bear the name of American is to
bear the most honorable of titles, and who
ever does not so believe has no business to
bear the name at all; and if he conies from
Europe, the sooner he goes back the better.
PARDON REFISED
Roosevelt's First Action in a Crimi
nal Case.
Special to The Journal.
Washington, Sept. 23.—President Roose
velt's first action In a pardon case was
to decline an application for clemency
made by Walter Burton, convicted in 1899
of passing counterfeit money in Burling
ton, lowa, and sentenced to ten years'
imprisonment in the lowa penitentiary.
Between 1873 and 1894 Burton was ten
times convicted of crimes, and has spent
twenty-five years of his life in prison.
QUICKER WAY.
Baltimore American.
Bobbs —Did your uncle make his for
tune in Northern Pacific?
Nobbs —No. He used to drive an ice
■wagon.
Reciprocity With Cuba in Sight
Washington, Sept. 23. —As a result of several conferences between President
Roosevelt and General Wood, governor general of Cuba, it has been determined to
negotiate a reciprocity agreement between the United States and the island, the
agreement to be sent to congress early in December. Cereals and machinery from
the United States will go free of duty. Sugar and tobacco will be the only articles
from Cuba aljeeted.
Roosevelt for Tariff Reform
- J*rom Thm Journal Bureau, Room 45, Tot
building, Washington.
Washington, Sept. 23.—1n the opinion
of Congressman Babcock of Wisconsin,
President Roosevelt will indorse his pol
icy of tariff reform. Babcock called on
the president this morning and congratu
lated him on the manner in which he had
begun his administration. He spoke of
the manifest confidence of the country
and the financial world and the bright
prospects for continued prosperity. The
Sheep Frozen in a Glacier
Vancouver, B. C, Sept. 23. —The Dawson News prints a remarkable story about
the prospecting tour, just completed, of H. W. Bracken, who has returned to Dawson
after six months in northern Alaska.
According to Bracken's narrative, while in the Romanzoff mountains, about 1,000
miles from Dawson. he and his men ascended a mountain of glaciers. At a height of
8,000 feet they found herds of mountain sheep' frozen in the ice. The theory is that
some extreme mid-winter blizzard had caught them while stampeding over the dome.
Then the sheep huddled together and perished, the snow gradually forming an icy
coating. Whatever portion of the bodies of the sheep were above the ice were de
voured by arctic bears and wolves.
Bracken is said to be a scientific miner of twenty-five years' experience, having
resided three years in the Yukon.
FOUR BURNED
Burning Gasolene Scattered
on a Family While at
the Table.
Special to The Journal.
Rem *W, Minn., Sept. 23.—As Mrs. M. J.
Filben and family were eating breakfast
one of t>u ci '»-"en turned out the lights
on the gu ' stove and at once began
to fill the t. k. An explosion occurred,
scattering the oil and fire among the peo
ple* at the table and setting them on fire.
Four of the family are badly burned.
The clothes were completely burned off
Mrs. Filbert and one of the children and
Mrs. Filbert sustained severe burns from
her back down to her feet. The fire was
put out before much damage was done to
the house.
UXORICIDE
Drunken Wisconsin Man Mo
rtally Wounds His Wife
With a Jackknife.
Special to The Journal.
Menominee, Wis., Sept. 23.—About 12
o'clock last night Joseph Dit
laff, a German, in a fijt of
drunken jealous rage, attempted to kill
his wife with a jackknife, and succeeded iv
inflicting three large incisions in the abdo
men which will probably prove fatal. The
woman was taken to a hospital, and there
are little hopes of har recovery. She is
pregnant and is already the mother ft
seven living children and has lost four.
Ditlaff entered the house by a rear win
dow. His wife attempted to esoape by a
side door, but he caught her and her cries
attracted 'the attention of several persons.
He fled along a county road, but was cap
tured about a mile from town. He said he
was chasing the fellow that did It. He
threw his knife away on the road, but it
was found.
He had just served ninety days for beat
ing his wife, who had said she would not
live longer with htra.
Ditlaff has been secreted by the author
ities, who fear trouble, and it is supposed
he has been taken out of town. The
woman is almost dead.
MINERS USING RIFLES
JIIH.K SAYS TROOPS MHKSSARV
Striker* In Kentucky Make an
Armed Attack Upon
Relneoke ' Minett.
Madisonville, Ky., Sept. 23.—The gov
ernor has been appealed to for troops to
hold in check the turbulent coal miners
on strike. As the result of an armed at
tack by a squad of strikers to-day. Judge
J. Nunn has wired Governor Beckham as
follows:
"It is my opinion that troops are needed
her at once to preserve the peace."
Early this morning the strikers opened
fire on the Reinecke mines from a grove
five hundred yards off and gradually came
nearer. One squad of twenty-five or thirty
strikers stood within fifty yards of the
main road and peppered the street, mak
ing it so warm for the guard who was pa
trolling in front of a row of miners'
houses that he beat a hasty retreat. The
house nearest the strikers was riddled
with bullets.
The sheriff is summoning every avail
able able-bodied man in the county. They
i are being armed and will be engaged to
protect the property. One hundred armed
men have just arrived in a special train
from EarUngton and have reported to
I the sheriff for duty. The grand jury is
I making some important investigations
I and the sheriff is waiting orders from the
; court.
LIKE WASHINGTON
Cuba's First President to Go In Un
opposed.
Havana, Sept. 23. —Next Saturday, or
sooner, Tomas Estrada Palma will be
proclaimed) a candidate for the presidency
of Cuba, with the indorsement of all po
litical parties and with absolute assur
ance of election when the vote is taken.
This was decided by the leaders of sev
eral parties at a meeting called to read
the platform and address by General Ruiz
Rivera and by Palma, in reply to a re
quest from these parties for an expres
sion of sentiment on the various proposi
tions propounded by the Cuban people.
The greatest questions involved were
those of a reciprocity treaty with the
United States, permanent treaty as pre
scribed by the Platt amendment, manner
of payment of the Cuban army for serv
ices during the revolution, the system of
collecting revenues for governmental
maintenance, and the governorship of the
islands.
The leaders accepted Palma's platform
by a vote of 22 to 3. It Is believed Palma
will be elected by an overwhelming ma
jority.
bill removing the duty from steel products
was particularly discussed, but Mr. Bab
cock feels that President McKinley's Buf
falo speech covers this ground and that
his successor in trying to carry out Mc-
Kinley's plans, as far as known, will take
the_course indicated in this, the last pub
lic utterance of the late president. Reci
procity and tariff revision are accordingly
to be expected among the recommenda
tions in Roosevelt's first message to con
gress. —w. W. Jermain.
MONDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 23, 1901.
TAX FOR 1902
MAY BE HEAVY
Prospects Are That 'Twill
Break Records.
ESTIMATES ARE BIG
The Tax Levy Board Prepares to
Do Vigorous Cutting.
BUT TOTAL TAX HAY BE 30 HILLS
Mayor Amei Ask* the Limit, but Is
. Already. Doomed to Dis
appointment. A
The board of tax levy got down to the
serious business before it at to-day's ses
sion. After a two hours' discussion of the
FpALAffl/ r*"**^ \l» cM"T I
CUBA'S PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN.
Lone Candidate Palma—You see, there is only room for one platform in Cuba.
various city board and city and county es
tmates the members calculated that,
granting all demands, the rate of taxation
for 1902 would be 29.38 mills, four mills
more than last year and by about the
same amount the largest tax levy in the
city's history. The estimates did not in
clude the ward levies, which will average
two mills this year, against 1.7 mills last
year, and there was allowed but five mills
for city current expenses where the esti
mates call for seven mills. The members
of the board drew a long breath all around
and then adjourned to to-morrow at 2
p. m. when they will begin the task of
figuring where they can cut down the esti
mates without seriously impairing the
public service. At the best they can
hardly expect to keep the total tax levy,
including the ward levies, very much under
30 mills.
At this morning's session Dr. Qulnby
spoke for the board of education, Secretary
Ridgway, of the park board, for that
board, Mayor Ames for the police depart
ment, and Fire Chief Canterbury for the
fire department. Consideration of the
county levy wes put over until to-morrow
to allow the county commissioners oppor
tunity to get together again and revise
their estimate of last July. They then
put in an estimate of $454,000, equal to a
tax levy of about 4.4 mills. This estimate,
Chairman Sweet explained to-day, was
only preliminary and could undoubtedly
be cut down materially. It is said that
the board expects to present a revised es
timate of not to exceed 3.15 mills. This
was the figure used in making up the
rough estimate of the grand total this
morning.
The park board asked for a total of
$161,000, the revenue from a one mill tax,
the full amount allowed bylaw. And at
that, the next year will show a deficit of
about $9,000, Secretary Ridgway stated,
and there is no allowance for park im
provement or acquisition. The board will
close this year with a deficit of about
$13,000.
The school board estimates its needs for
the year beginning July 1 of this year at
$950,668, of which $719,000 will have to be
rais«d by city taxation. The total in
cludes $100,000 for new buildings. Presi
dent Quinby of the school board spoke
eloquently of the urgent need of more
buildings. The present Lincoln school
must be abandoned and a new Lincoln
school built, he said, and additions to the
Bryant, Whlttier and Hawthorn schools
were imperative. It was astonishing how
last the sctioool attendance grew from
year to year, he said. Already thus early
in the year there were 475 pupils in nine
schools of half session and scores of an
nexes and basement rooms in use.
Chief Canterberry asked for $348,500 for
his department, and It seemed to be .the
sentiment that his claims should be al
lowed almost in toto.
Mayor Ames mad« his police appropria
tion talk just before the noon adjourn
ment. He quoted statistics of the area of
the city, gave police figures of other cities
in the same class, all of which he argued
testified to the modesty of his demands
for eighty-eight new patrolmen and $100,
--000 more of an appropriation. The mayor
also spoke for the city hospital's needs.
The probable action of the board will
be to refuse^entirely the increased police
appropriation and recommend to the
mayor to put off his city hospital expan
sion plans for another year and then let
the people vote on the question of a bond
issue for an addition to the present hos
pital.
HUNTERJS DYING
Accidentally Shot in the Back by a
Companion.
Special to The Journal.
New Ulm, Minn., Sept. 23.—Nick Carpen,
21 years of age, while hunting Sunday
afternoon at Swan Lake, was accidentally
shot in the back by one of his comrades.
The full charge of the gun entered the
small of the back. He will not live over
sight.
'ALL MY FAULT; I FORGOT'
ENGINEER CAUSES A COLLISION
His Death Wai the Penalty—Five
Others Injured in a Wreck
in Michigan.
Grand Rapids, Mich., Sept. 23. —In a
head-on collision late last night on the
Grand Rapids & Indiana railroad, eight
miles north of Cadillac, between a regu
lar freight train and an extra passenger
train carrying Sunday excursionists from
Petoskey to Cadillac, one man was killed
and five injured. The dead:
Engineer Fred Zimmerman, of Cadillac.
The injured:
. Conductor Fred Volkert, Grand Rapids;
Brakeman Hiram Witkop, of Cadillac;
Engineer B. J. Dart, Grand Rapids; News
Agent W. A. Snevely, Grand Rapids, and
Albert Coon, Cadillac.
The wreck was caused by Engineer
Zimmerman, of the freight train forget
ting an order, which was given him verb
ally to sidetrack his train several miles
south of the scene of the accident and
await the passage of the passenger train.
Zimmerman, who lived several hours, said
just before he died:
"It was all my fault; I forgot."
PUBLIC SCHOOL "KNOCK"
ORDER OF A CATHOLIC BISHOP
Excommunication and Denial of Ab
solution, as Clubs Over Head*
. of the Faithful.
tSaw York Sun Special *i-rto»
Burlington, Vt., Sept. —The congre
gation at St. Mary's cathedral at the
masses yesterday were startled at an an
nouncement made by Rev." F. P. J. Barrett,
the pastor, as coming: from the bishop,
that parents sending their children to the
public schools instead of the parochial
schools would be refused absolution. He
further stated that Catholics f who were
married by Protestant ministers would
be excommunicated, ." and those Catholics
who were married or attempt to be mar
ried by a justice of the peace or a notary
public, would also be refused absolution. -
Right Rev. John Michaud is bishop of
the Burlington diocese, which .includes
Vermont. • He was reared in Burlington,
and has been connected with the Burling
ton church since his ordination. He suc
ceeded the.: late - Bishop» De ; Qoesbriand.
The bishop's \ order _ has.; occasioned \ much
thought and comment among those Cath
olics who have been sending - their ■ chil
dren to the public schools. ;- ■ . • ■ j (
QUESTION
OF COALING
This Still Occupies Attention
of Schley Court.
SCHROEDER RECALLED
Long Controversy Arises Over the
Use of Log Books.
MOVEMENTS OF THE BROOKLYN
Navigator of the Texas Describe*
the Battle Oil Santiago
Bay.
Washington, Sept. 23.—Among the wit
nesses on hand at the opening of the
Schley controversy, were Admiral C. S.
Cotton, Commanders James Madison Mil
ler, A. B. Bates and S. C. Heilner; Cap
tains B. H. McCalla and William C. Wise
and Lieutenants John Hood and Spencer
S. Wood.
Admiral Schley and his counsel arrived
at 10:46 o'clock. It was authoritatively
stated to-day that the navy department
has no intention at present of bringing
Admiral Sampson to Washington as.a wit
ness or to participate in any other man
ner in the inquiry. Admiral Dewey, with
a sharp rap of his gavel, called the court
to order. There was at that time a some
what larger attendance on the part of the
general public than there had (heretofore
been at the beginning of the sittings, but
there were fewer distinguished person
ages occupying the reserved seats.
Captain Lemly presented the deck log
books of the Brooklyn, Texas, lowa, Cas
tine, Marblehead, Massachusetts, Minne
sota, New Orleans, Oregon, St. Paul, Scor
pion, Yale, Vixen, Eagle, Dupont, Hawk
and Merrimao.
"How about the New York?" asked
Judge Wilson. "I want to expedite the
proceedings."
"I have no objection," responded Cap
tain Lemly. "I too, want to hasten the
proceedings as much as possible."
Proceeding, Captain Lemly said he had
suggested such logs as he considered es
sential and that he would have printed the
points considered pertinent.
More Lors Called For.
He then indicated the time that he de
sired covered by the matter to be printed,
but Admiral Schley's counsel objected and
asked that the entire logs from the time
that the fleet left Key West until after the
battle off Santiago be made available.
After some exchanges of opinion on the
part of counsel the understanding was
reached that such parts of the logs as
either side desired could be printed.
Captain Lemly also presented the steam
logs of the Brooklyn, Texas, Massachu
setts, lowa and Marblehead. Admiral
Schley's counsel asked to have the log of
the Spanish ship Cristobal Colon pre
sented.
"Very well, If we can find a Spanish
scholar to go through it and select
the facts wanted," said Captain Lemly.
"Admiral Schley is a good Spanish
scholar and he can make such selections
as we may desire," responded Mr. Rayner.
Commander Schroeder was recalled antl
asked if he desired to make any correc-
Continued on Second Page.
12 PAGES-FIVE O'CLOCK.
MCKINLEY'S SLAYER
IS ON TRIAL
Czolgosz Pleads 'Guilty,' Which Plea
the Court Promptly Refuses
to Accept
Full Jury Secured and the Trial, It
Is Expected, Will Be Over
in Two Days.
The Czolgosz Jury.
FREDERICK V. LAUER, plumber.
RICHARD J. GARWOOD, railway foreman.
HENRY W. WENDT, manufacturer.
SILAS CARMEN, farmer.
JAMES S. STYGALL, Jr., plumber.
WILLIAM LOTER, farmer.
WALTER E. EVERETT, blacksmith.
BENJAMIN J. RALPH, bank cashier.
SAMUEL P. WALDO, farmer.
ANDREW J. SMITH, butter and egg dealer.
J. H. MERTENS, shoe dealer.
ROBERT J. ADAMS, contractor.
Buffalo, Sept. 23.—Leon F. Czolgosz was
placed on trial to-day for the murder of
President McKinley on Sept. 6. The trial
was in the supreme court of Erie county,
Judge Truman C. White presiding. The
trial began at 10 o'clock, but long before
that hour the streets in the vicinity of the
city hall were the objective of many
curious persons eager to take chances on
being admitted to the court room, even
though they knew but 150 seats -were
available. The various entrances to the
great building, with the exception of that
on Franklin street, were closed and
guarded. Policemen were everywhere and
rigid discipline was the order of the
day.
Squads of blue coated- men were sta
tioned on every landing, and in a double
line far outside the place of entrance to
keep back the crowds, while in a station
not far away reserves were ready to re
inforce the detail on duty should the feel
ings of the people become aroused to the
extent of rioting.
Taken From Hi* Cell.
The prisoner was taken from his cell to
the court room through the "tunnel of
sobs" under the street from the jail to
the city hall and was brought into the
court room only a few moments before the
hour set for the opening of the trial. No
person was admitted to the building with
out a pass, signed by the chief of police,
and it was necessary to show this to every
policeman on every landing and in every
corridor.
The officer at the door of the court
room was especially vigilant and not only
examined the passes but scrutinized the
bearers critically before admitting them
to the room. The Interior of the city
hall, as well as the outside, still bore
the draperies of mourning and quiet was
enforced as befitting the occasion.
The counsel for Czolgosz, Former Su
preme Court Justices Loren L. Lewis and
Robert C. Titus and Carlton B. Ladd, saw
him again this morning before the time
for the opening of the court, but he had
no more to say to them than on the pre
vious occasions.
May Last but Two Day*.
In view of the fact that the prisoner re
fuses to aid his attorneys, it is not improb
able that the entire proceedings may be
completed within two days.
"The mental condition of the assassin
■will absolutely be the only, defense to be
offered," are the words of Judge Titus, and
there is little expectation they will pub
licly abandon the case to-day or to-mor
row and merely represent Czolgosz for
mally during the trial. As a result of the
examination of two alienists, Dr. Carlos
D. ! McDonald and Dr. Allan ! McLean Ham
ilton of New York city, the question of in
sanity is eliminated from -the subjects on
which the defense can rely for support.
The Courtroom.
Part 111. of the supreme court of Erie
county is a small room, on the south side
on the second floor of the city hall. It is
lighted only at the south end by latticed
windows, and here the justices' bench and
witness ■ stand is placed. On the right of
the room are the Jurymen's seats, and
they have an unobstructed view of the en
tire room. . There is Ino railing in. front
of the Jurymen, and the chairs are placed
on a platform some six Inches above the
floor. The room has a high ceiling studded,
and drab walls which are seamed with
cracks. The 'enclosure for r the -.bench and
bar occupies over one-half of the floor
space, while the remainder Is given over
to seats for the general public. Not over
130 . of the; latter could be accommodated,
and these, seats to-day were mainly occu
pied by the men summoned to serve upon
the Jury.
Czolgosz, with his counsel, occupied seats
directly ;in front of the justices' bench.
Deputy sheriffs with their staves of office
were placed at various points In the room
and . quiet was enforced upon all.. The
spectator*^ Mata were filled very slowly,
owing to the extreme care shown by thai
officers in the corridors in admitting thosa
who applied, and it was not until "court"
was announced, that the last one was oc
cupied.
Testified In Guitean'g Caae.
Dr. Allan McLean Hamilton of Now
York city was one of the first of those
connected with the case to take a post*
tion inside of the inclosure. Dr. Hamil
ton, who was the chief insanity expert at
the trial of Garfield's assassin, Quiteau,
occupied a seat at the table reserved tot
the prosecution.
District Attorney Penny and his as
sistant, Frederick Heller, were the next
to put In an appearance, and were fol
lowed by Judges Lewis and Titus, counsel
for the prisoner. Just behind them came
Mrs. Justice White and her daughter*
who were given seats within the in*
closure.
Court Opens.
At 10 o'clock the formal opening of thf
court was announced. Justice White en
tered through the center aisle and tooK
his seat upon the bench. The first busi
ness of the session had no relation to the
case of Czolgosz. It consisted merely of
calling the roll of grand jurors for th«
coming session, and they were then ex
cused until Oct. 7.
Clerk of Courts Fisher, after a prelim
inary "hear ye," "hear ye," by the crier,
proceeded with the calling of the jurora
summoned for the trial of the Czolgosss
case.
Of the thirty-six trial jurors called,
only one asked to be excused. He had a
sawmill in process of erection, which he
said must be finished at once on account
of low water, and he was excused. Justice
White then requested the justices of part*
1 and 2. then in session, not to discharge
the jurors, but to hold them in reading
for an Impanelling in the Czolgosz case
At 10:10 there was a bustle in the cor
ridor, and a squad of policemen brought
in the prisoner. He was handcuffed to an
officer on each side, while in front and
behind) him walked other police.
Antl-AnarchUt Apparel.
The prisoner was attired in a new. suit
of dark gray, a white shirt and collar
and a light blue bow tie. His face was
cleanly shaven and his hair combed He
sat down behind his counsel with two offi
cers in plain clothing immediately in hla
District Attorney Penny proceeded at
once with the reading of the indictment.
He spoke to Czolgosz in a low voice In
fact so low that when the prisoner waa
asked to plead he seemed- not to under
stand what had been said. •
Justice White asked him: "What have
you to say?"
There was a moment's hesitation. Then
th-j prisoner's lips moved as if to make re
ply, but before he could do so, his Junior
counsel, Mr. Lewis', arose, to speak, not
having seen ' the prisoner's motion. r •
Justice White, however, insisted that
Czolgosz should speak, and the prisoner
said:
"I didn't hear what he said."
t District Attorney Penny then :
. : read the indictment again. in a :
;, : ; t louder voice and to the demand :
: for. a reply the prisoner, who :
: was standing at the time,"said in :
.;. ; a very low voice, "guilty." :
; This plea was, however, not :
J permitted to stand, under the :
{ law, and a plea of "not guilty" :
: was at once ordered by the court. :
Mr. Titus, junior counsel for the defense,
then stated to the court th*e facts already
known as to his conection with the case.
He explained that the position of himself
and his associates, Judge Lewis I and Mr.
I Ladd, was a peculiar one and consisted
mainly in making sure tßat all the forms
of law and justice were observed la tha
prosecution. . .
. Justice White, In reply, compliments
I counsel for the defense and said that tba
prisoner could have no better counsel, and,
that . whatever the outcome It would r%*
fleet only credit and honor on them.'
Securing Juror*.
; The ; examination and' swearing of th«}:
jurors was v then; < begun, ' the ■ prlaoaej
standing as each was sworn.
| ■ The first juror -was summoned at 10;34

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